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INTRODUCTION

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LABOUR WELFARE:
“Labour welfare activities benefit not only the workers but also the management in term of greater industrial efficiency”

Labour welfare:Labour welfare work aims at providing such service facilities and amenities which enable the workers employed in an organization to perform their work in healthy congenial surrounding conductive to good health and high morale. Labour welfare is a comprehensive term including various services, benefits and facilities offered by the employer. Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees. The welfare amenities are extended in additional to normal wages and other economic rewards available to employees as per the legal provisions.

Objectives of labour welfare activities:Following are the objectives of the voluntary labour welfare services by employer1) To win over employees loyalty and increase their morale. 2) To develop efficiency and productivity among workers. 3) To reduce of threat of future government intervention. 4) To make recruitment more effective. 5) To earn goodwill and enhance public image. 6) To build up stable labour force to reduce labour turnover and absenteeism.

NEED OF THE STUDY:
Labour welfare in India has a special significance as the constitution provides for the promotion of welfare of the labour for human conditions of work and securing to all workers.

The various welfare measures provided by the employee will have immediate impact on the health, physical and mental efficiency, alertness, morale and overall efficiency of the workers and thereby contributing to the highest productivity.

OBJECTIVES OF STUDY:
 To study the welfare facilities provided to employees by Hyderabad Area Office Deccan cements limited  To find out the level of employee satisfaction towards the labour welfare facilities provided in Deccan cements limited

To study how the organization motivate the employees by identifying and satisfying their unsatisfied needs.

To give appropriate suggestions to improve the satisfaction level of labours over the welfare facilities.

This study also helps in manipulation of the basis expectation of the workers. So that the survey is made all over the area of company and of this survey is made with both the male and female worker. This study can be used for understanding the potential of the workers. And provide some strategies to extend this measure with title modification which is based on the internal policy of the company. This will be helpful in understanding current portions of the respective company. .SCOPE OF THE STUDY: The research can be extended the study to understand the welfare facilities of labour in Deccan cements limited in order to provide an effective suggestion to improve the same. This study will also help the researcher to gain some valuable knowledge over the company.

The survey includes all the limitations invent in the questionnaire from for research. Some of the staff was less cooperative with me.LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:      Only 60 Respondents a Study. Time is one of the main constraints of the Study. The result depends on the answers received from respondent which may be biased. .

are those who are using Deccan employees. research design. This includes the specifications of source of data. Duration of project: The duration of project work is about 45 days Sample units: The sampling units used by the researcher for this research. which is selected according to the easy and convenience of the researcher. Sampling procedure / Sampling method: The sampling method used for this study is Simple average sampling. SAMPLE SIZE The number of samples collected by the researcher is 50. SAMPLE DESIGN: Geographical area: The study is conducted in Hyderabad District. the sampling method and the tools used. .RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Research methodology describes how the research study was undertaken. and method of data collection.

The researcher used structured questionnaire. for further analysis. Secondary data: Here the researcher collected secondary data from the company profile. industry profile and official web sites. multiple choice questions and dichotomous questions. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT: Research instrument used for data collecting is questionnaire and interview schedule. Interview Schedule The interview method of collecting data involves presentation of oral-verbal stimuli and reply in terms of oral-verbal responses.SOURCE OF DATA: Primary data: The researcher collected both by direct survey from the Customer‟s through questionnaire. Questionnaire The questionnaire is prepared in a well-structured and non disguised form so that it is easily understandable and answerable by everyone. . The type of questions include in the questionnaire are open-ended questions. Then the responses are filled up in the questionnaire.

FRAME WORK OF ANALYSIS:- STASTICAL TOOLS USED FOR ANALYSIS: The researcher carries out analysis through various statistical tools. The statistical analysis is useful for drawing inference from the collected information.    Simple percentage analysis Bar diagrams Pie charts .

72% of total production followed by Rajasthan. Cement industry has a long way to go as Indian economy is poised to grow because of being on verge of development. In production terms. Andhra Pradesh is leading with 14. Cement production grew at the rate of 9. Phase-II of NHDP (National Highway Development Project) and other infrastructure development projects. Outsiders (foreign players) eyeing India as a major market to invest in the form of either merger or FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). Due to rising demand of cement the sales volume of cement companies are also increasing & companies reporting higher production.INDUSTRY PROFILE: Sector structure/Market size: India is the 2nd largest cement producer in world after china . Supply for cement is expected to remain tight which.8 mt(million tons). The net profit growth rate of cement firms was 85%. in turn.Right from laying concrete bricks of economy to waving fly over‟s cement industry has shown and shows a great future. higher sales and higher profits. Maharashtra has the highest share in consumption at 12.followed by Uttar Pradesh.Among the states. Cement consumption in India is forecasted to grow by over 22% by 200910 from 2007-08. Despite the growth of Indian cement industry India lags behind the per capita production. . The most important factor for better prices is consolidation of the industry.Cement industry has contributed around 8% to the economic development of India.1 per cent during 2006-07 over the previous fiscal's total production of 147. Domestic demand for cement has been increasing at a fast pace in India.18%. will push up prices of cement by more than 50%. The overall outlook for the industry shows significant growth on the back of robust demand from housing construction.

and Holcim etc. Dalmia Cements. A few of the leading manufacturers are the UltraTech/Grasim combine.Now the question arise in front of the government is whether the demand by the government is possible to increase through expenditure on infrastructure or not according to the current state of economy when so many crises are going on or how the government allocation of US$ 3. moving closer to the customers by creating clicker. To fight with the high inflation.It has just begun and we will see more consolidation in the coming years. India Cements. Some plants are adopting futuristic plan such as setting up captive power plant. And the reason of high prize is surging cost of raw material and transportation cost. crushing. India should push for stricter regulations of market place as to control the prices of big companies and prevent them from forming cartels and exchanging information. with cement companies adding nearly eight million tones (MT) capacity in April 2009. to be more customer centric to generate better revenue. Project will keep the demand for cement alive? India is the world's second largest producer of cement after China.5 per cent to nil etc. are all intended to cut costs and boost availability of cement. The cement industry may add 40-45 MT of capacity this fiscal.However cement prizes are not very much high as other items but still they are increasing.50 %. a 21 per cent increase over the installed capacity at 212 MT in 2008-09.65 million tones during April 2009.23 billion for the National Highway Development. and capacity in key markets. One of the strategies is to decrease dependence on road & opt for sea logistics as that can cut transportation cost by 30. Other budget measures such as cut in import duty from 12. Apart from this government also discussed with cement industry not to have increase in prizes and keep consumer interest in mind. government wants to import more cement from Pakistan . . taking the total installed capacity to 219 MT and dispatch of 16.

During March 2009. Presently. Moreover.Despite concerns of slowdown. according to industry sources. cement dispatches have maintained a 10 per cent growth rate. cement production was 18. led by a change in economic scenario along with excess supply pressure.43 per cent as compared to 16. showing a growth of 10. road networks and housing facilities. registering a growth of 10. According to experts. Another 50 MT capacity is likely to be added this year.10 MT. the fourth quarter of the current financial year 2009 will report a 23 per cent growth in margins due to rise in prices and 10-12 per cent year-on-year growth in sales due to sudden increase in demand this quarter. the cement industry has ended FY 2008-09 on a strong note. cement despatches were 18. growth in the cement consumption is anticipated in the coming years. 93 per cent of the total capacity in the industry is based on modern and environment-friendly dry process technology and only 7 per cent of the capacity is based on old wet and semi-dry process technology.42 MT in March 2008. There is tremendous scope for waste heat recovery in cement plants and thereby reduction in emission level.39 MT in March 2008. Technological change Continuous technological upgrading and assimilation of latest technology has been going on in the cement industry. Total despatches grew to 170 MT during 2007–08 as against 155 MT in 2006–07.With the boost given by the government to various infrastructure projects. With almost total capacity utilization levels in the industry.35 per cent as compared to 16.12 MT in March 2009. .

 Bheema Cements Ltd is planning to invest US$ 116.  ACC Ltd will spend US$ 575 million on capacity expansion in 2009 and 2010.5 MTPA Greenfield cement plant in Gujarat at a cost of US$ 169.99 million for its new projects.  Binani Cement has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Gujarat government to set up a 2.  Holcim strengthened its position in India by increasing its holding in Ambuja Cement from 22 per cent to 56 per cent through various open market transactions with an open offer for a total investment of US$ 1. with the cement sector contributing to 7 per cent to the total deal value.New Investments  Shree Cements will invest almost US$ 244.8 billion.5 MT capacities at its plant in Andhra Pradesh. being the single largest acquirer in the cement sector.12 million this year. Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As) A growing and robust economy was noteworthy in terms of the total number of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in India 2007.42 million in setting up a new manufacturing line of 1. ACC is expanding capacity by a third to 30 MT by 2010. it also increased its stake in ACC Cement with US$ 486 million. The other half will be towards the two power plants in Bangor.40 million. Binani Cement has also initiated talks with a few foreign institutional investors (FIIs) to raise US$ 307. . Moreover. of which half will be invested towards setting up two grinding units at Rajasthan and Uttarakhand to augment its capacity.

coupled with the housing sector boom and urban development. a French cement maker acquired a 6. the world's second biggest maker and distributor of building materials. for US$ 124. .91 million. Leading foreign funds like Fidelity.35 million.5 per cent in India's third-largest cement firm.64 million. Nomura Asset Management Fund and Emerging Market Fund have together bought around 7. India Cements (ICL).63 per cent stake in Shree Digvijay Cement.  Appointing a coal regulator is looked upon as a positive move as it will facilitate timely and proper allocation of coal (a key raw material) blocks to the core sectors. continue being the main drivers of growth for the Indian cement industry. acquired a 50 per cent stake in My Home Industries Ltd for almost US$ 372. paid US$ 68.10 million for Grasim Industries' 53.67 per cent stake in Twin cities -based sagar Cement for US$ 14. ABN Amro. the Portugese cement maker.  Cimpor. Government Initiatives Government initiatives in the infrastructure sector.  Vicat SA.  CRH Plc.  The government has increased budgetary allocation for roads under National Highways Development Project (NHDP). cement being one of them.  Increased infrastructure spending has been a key focus area over the last five years indicating good times ahead for cement manufacturers. HSBC.

CEMENT INDUSTRY & SERVICES An Overview The cement industry is experiencing a boom on account of the overall growth of the Indian economy. construction activity. . The demand for cement. according to the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). Fitch Ratings.5 per cent in FY 2009-10.1 per cent and demand for the same is likely to rise by a healthy 7-7. cement production is expected to grow by 8. Global rating agency. and investment in the infrastructure sector. infrastructure and corporate capital expenditures. India's cement industry is likely to record an annual growth of 10 per cent in the coming years with higher domestic demand resulting in increased capacity utilization. Moreover. Indian cement industry is globally competitive because the industry has witnessed healthy trends such as cost control and continuous technology up gradation. real estate business. being a derived demand. India is experiencing growth on all these fronts and hence the cement market is flourishing like never before. the installed capacity is expected to increase to 241 MTPA by FY 2010-end. depends primarily on the industrial activity. has commented that cement demand in India is expected to grow at 10% annually in the medium term buoyed by housing.Road Ahead According to a report by the ICRA Industry Monitor.

This technology up gradation is resulting in increased capacity. The industry's capacity at the beginning of the year 2008-09 was 198. reduction in cost of production of cement. the quality of cement and building materials produced in India meets international standards and benchmarks and can compete in international markets. Technological Advancements Modernization and technology up-gradation is a continuous process for any growing industry and is equally true for the cement industry.Current Scenario The Indian cement industry is the second largest producer of quality cement. cement export was 1. Substantial technological improvements have been brought about and today. At present.04 million tonnes as compared to 95.Despatches were 100. the industry can legitimately be proud of its state-of-the-art technology and processes incorporated in most of its cement plants. which meets global standards. . The productivity parameters are now nearing the theoretical bests and alternate means.During April-October 2008-09.33 million tonnes during the same period for the year 2007-08.05 million tonnes during the same period for the year 2007-08. Cement production during April to October 2008-09 was 101.16 million tonnes during the same period for the year 200708.24 million tonnes during April to October 2008-09 whereas 94. The cement industry comprises 130 large cement plants and more than 300 mini cement plants.30 million tonnes.46 million tonnes as compared to 2.

The cement industry is poised to add 111 million tones of annual capacity by the end of 2009-10 (FY 10). resulting in an expected price stabilization.Future Outlook Considering an expected production and consumption growth of 9 to 10 per cent.(%) 161.24 3. STATISTICS Cement (million tonnes) 2010-11 2009-2010 (Apr-Oct) (a) (b) (c) (d) Production Despatches (Including Export) Export Cap. Uti.04 139.33 2. riding on the back of an estimated 141 outstanding cement projects.28 92 125.05 121. the demand-supply position of the cement industry is expected to improve from 2008-09 onwards.56 85 Source: Cement Manufacturers’ Association .

Major Players The major players in the cement sector are:  Ultratech Cement Century Cements Madras Cements ACC Gujarat Ambuja Cement Limited Grasim Industries India Cements Limited Jaiprakash Associates and JK Cements. Holcim Lafarge Bharathi cement Italcementi             .

to enhance its capacity from 66000 tpa to 99000 tpa.'95 which has generated 10. In Aug. it completed the modernization and expansion programme to double its capacity from 300 tpd to 600 tpd. . aggregating Rs. DCL introduced reinforced suspension preheated technology. and 97. Japan. in Nov. Andhra Pradesh. The company issued PCDs on a rights basis. has been commissioned.a technocrat enterprenuer. The 3.75 MW captive mini hydel plant at Guntur Branch canal. 98. DCL Polyesters and Deccan Polypacks.65 lac units of power. 8.COMPANY PROFILE The company was promoted by M B Raju of the Nagarjuna group -. The other companies of the group are DCL Polyesters and Deccan Polypacks.000 tonnes to 2. from Onoda Engineering & Consulting Company. The company executed the expansion capacity of the cement division from 1.66 cr. The company has also commissioned a captive-generation plant to meet nearly 65% of its total power requirement. The company commissioned the first wind farm in Andhra Pradesh in Feb.'91.000 tonnes per annum 1999-2000.'92 to meet long-term working capital requirements. Narasaraopet. During 1986-87. capital expenditure and to invest in group companies.

clinker and generates hydel power. Hyderab  FinancialsTotal Income .Rs.P Parvathi Directors . wind power and thermal power.932 Million ( year ending Mar 2012) Net Profit . S A Dave. slag cement. The company manufactures OPC. hydel power.M B Raju MD .Rs. P Parvathi. P Venugopal Raju. Somajiguda. R S Agarwal.  The company‟s plants are located at Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and its registered office is located at Deccan Chambers. M B Raju. K P Singh.6-3-666/ B. cement plant. wind power and thermal power. PPC cement. Umesh Shrivastava. blended cement. 6-3-666/B.SomajigudaHyderabad-500082.C Srinivasan. in Millions ) Corporate Address: Deccan Chambers. D R K Rao. Andhra Pradesh Management Details  Chairperson . M Rama Krishna.    Date of Establishment 1979 Revenue75 (USD in Millions) Market Cap 1670. 5884. J Narayanamurthy. Venugopal Raju   Business OperationCement & Construction MaterialsBackground Deccan Cements operates in five segments: Slag cement plant.394375 ( Rs. Million ( year ending Mar 2012) Company SecretaryM Rama KrishnaBankersAuditorsM Bhaskara Rao & Co .

'92 to meet long-term working capital requirements. Narasaraopet.000 tonnes per annum 1999-2000.000 TPA at an estimated cost of Rs. . DCL Polyesters and Deccan Polypacks. The company executed the expansion capacity of the cement division from 1. The other companies of the group are DCL Polyesters and Deccan Polypacks. The company was promoted by M B Raju of the Nagarjuna group -. aggregating Rs 8. Andhra Pradesh.000 tonnes to 2.Incorporated in Jul. The company has also commissioned a captive-generation plant to meet nearly 65% of its total power requirement. 00. The company commissioned the first wind farm in Andhra Pradesh in Feb. Deccan Cements manufactures cement.'95 which has generated 10. In Aug. DCL introduced reinforced suspension preheater technology.65 lac units of power.75 MW captive mini hydel plant at Guntur Branch canal. The 3. The company issued PCDs on a rights basis. has been commissioned. The company had set up a Slag Cement Plant with a capacity of 3. to enhance its capacity from 66000 tpa to 99000 tpa. Japan.25 crores and the project was completed during 2002 and commercial production has commenced. in Nov. During 1986-87.'79. it completed the modernisation and expansion programme to double its capacity from 300 tpd to 600 tpd.66 cr. The first mini cements plant based on rotary kiln technology started commercial production in Oct. and 97.'91.'92. from Onoda Engineering & Consulting Company. 98. capital expenditure and to invest in group companies.a technocrat enterprenuer.

DECCAN Vision DECCAN‟s vision is to achieve organizational excellence through innovation. We are certified for ISO 9001 and ISO 9002 standards in our engineering and cement production units respectively. Never Compromise on technology” This has taken DECCAN from being a single co-operative sugar factory in 1941 to being one of the largest and most well diversified industrial houses in India. Indigenize. a pioneer in producing premier cement is committed to maximize customer satisfaction and keep a clean and safe environment.DECCAN Philosophy DECCAN‟s philosophy is to “modernize. . Our commitment towards total quality management is to forge the human resources of our organization into a team that promotes continual improvement in quality of products and services. DECCAN HR Mission DECCAN‟s human resources development & services department will add value to all its Units and associate companies by ensuring that the right person is assigned for the right job and that they grow and contribute towards organizational excellence. DECCAN. DECCAN Quality policy Committed to the manufacture of heavy engineering equipment for various industries as per mutually accepted requirements of our customers.

The Company has installed and commissioned in April 2007. a clinker silo has been built at a cost of Rs.1150 lakhs. which is expected to generate 1. In furtherance of clean environment. The Company‟s production capacity is 4% of the total production capacity available in the State. Demand for Cement increased substantially during the year. Pondicherry and parts of Tamil Nadu. Outlook: The company produced predominantly Portland cement in the current year. a Waste Heat Recovery System. at a cost of Rs. . State of the Industry: The entire country is witnessing increase in demand.CEMENT INDUSTRY OVERVIEW: The Company operates a plant of 10. During the year under report.75 MW electricity.000 tones annual capacity at Bhavanipuram in Nalgonda District of Andhra Pradesh. Hence prices are expected to firm up and rule at higher levels as compared to previous year all through the Country. 00. The Company‟s prospects were in tune with the realization in Andhra Pradesh since 90% of the production was marketed in Andhra Pradesh. as also in Andhra Pradesh. Demand outstripped supplies in the entire country.1000 lakhs during the financial year 2006-07. the Company marketed cement in Andhra Pradesh.

T rates. adequate flow of water was available in the Canal. Generation in excess of the consumption at the cement unit is banked on a monthly basis and is to be used within twelve months of generation. ENGINEERING The Company operates a versatile engineering facility that is capable of manufacturing heavy mechanical equipment to a given design for various industries. Further. water flow in the canal is unpredictable which is entirely dependant on inflow of water to Nagarjuna Sagar dam. water is expected to be available for seven to eight months of the year. Electricity unused even after twelve months is sold to the Grid. The Unit has an integrated facility comprising of foundry. This being an irrigation canal. Electricity used in the cement factory will be deducted from the monthly bills and will get a relief at the H. The Arakonam . Electricity generated in these units is wheeled to the Company‟s Cement Unit for use. while electricity sold to grid will be paid for at the prevalent purchase price as determined by APERC.POWER Overview: The Company has five mini-hydel units aggregating to 8. Consequently. heavy fabrication and machine shop facilities.25 MW capacities on the Nalgonda Branch Canal of the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam. during the year under report. Generation was normal. Normal monsoon during the season improved storage in Nagarjuna Sagar Dam. Risks: Except one scheme all the other four are operating at FULL capacity due to good inflow of water.

Opportunities: Widening of the product range has also widened the customer base. 120 Crores and the existing product-mix. Sugar and Infrastructure sectors. This is leading to better value addition. Outlook: With the orders on hand of about Rs. 2200 lakhs will enable the Company to increase productivity and to compete in higher value added segment. the operation of the Engineering Unit at Tiruvottiyur was substantially better than the previous year in terms of turnover and profits. performance during fiscal 2007-2008 is expected to yield similar results as that of the year under report. Consequently. this segment results are open to variations in profits depending on the Order profile. Due to good demand in the Cement. Risks: Product mix is the deciding factor affecting the performance of this segment.facility was effectively used to augment production of foundry products and fabrication. The modernization programmed being implemented at a cost of Rs. . Overview: Status of capital goods sector: During the year capital goods industry has done well in both domestic and export markets.

 Cheap availability of the required land.  Abundant water resources. Salient features of DECCAN CEMENT  High strength and great durability.Location of plant: The first mini plant is located at Bhavanipuram. Location of the plant at Bhavanipuram village has the following advantages.  Well-connected road transport. Nalgonda district.  A very susceptible saving cost up to 20 .  Stronger bonding with aggregates.  Availability of financial subsidiary.  Plant is near to headquarter. located within 35 km from the Nalgonda.25% due to low setting Time.  Superiority quality of cement resulting in a better overall finish.  Proximity of market.  Availability of labour. .

DECCAN CEMENT industries limited . Objectives of the company:  The customer satisfaction should be attained by maintaining good quality.  Develop a strong quality culture at all skill top stay in the front line.  Continues upgrade technology and skill top stay in the front line.  Strive to maintain the environment clear.quality policy:  To provide customer satisfaction through “Total Quality”. Types of products produced:  Ordinary Portland Cement: 53 grade  SRC  IRS T-40 Super grade  Portland Pozzolona Cement  Portland Slag Cement .

HEALTH. Further. SAFETY. As its efforts. DECCAN Cements Limited is actively taking part in developing the community that needs a helping hand. Community Care We our self and our business are part of the society we do believe in caring the community. use and disposal of any of its products and services on the ecological environment. . production. ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: DECCAN CEMENTS LIMITED shall strive to provide a safe and healthy working environment and comply with all regulations regarding the preservation of the environment in and around its manufacturing facilities and other points of operations. the company has contributed to its level best. we take pleasure to appreciate our most trusted dealers who are helping us to utilize the full capacity of our plants.DECCAN CEMENTS Network: Dealers The network of our dealers has been ensuring the fast and easy reach with speedy feedback. From local voluntary organizations to nationwide relief fund organizations. The wide network of our dealers even more ensures that not even a single remote area is left. DECCAN Cements Limited was there to support the efforts. Let it be laying the good roads or erecting a building for educational purpose. The companies is committed to efficient use of natural resources and minimize any hazardous impact of the development.

CONFIDENTIALITY The Directors and the Senior Management Team shall maintain utmost confidentiality of information or that of any customer. he must immediately report the same to the Board of Directors or any designated person thereof. The company recognizes that resolving such problems or concerns will advance the overall interests of the company that will help to safeguard the company‟s assets. . Such person should as far as possible provide the details of suspected violations with all known particulars relating to the issue. If any Director or Member of the Senior Management Team who knows of or suspects of any violation of applicable laws. Transactions relating to sale or purchase of company's equity shares should not be undertaken without complying with the formalities contained in the company's code of internal procedures and conduct for prevention of insider trading. supplier or business associates of the company to which company has a duty to maintain confidentiality except when disclosure is authorized. financial integrity and reputation. COMPLIANCES The Directors and the Senior Management Team shall comply with all applicable laws. rules or regulations or this Code of Conduct. The use of confidential information for his own advantage or profit is also prohibited. rules and regulations.

. benefits and facilities offered by the employer. 11) To earn goodwill and enhance public image. 12) To build up stable labour force to reduce labour turnover and absenteeism. 8) To develop efficiency and productivity among workers. Labour welfare is a comprehensive term including various services. 10) To make recruitment more effective. 9) To reduce of threat of future government intervention. The welfare amenities are extended in additional to normal wages and other economic rewards available to employees as per the legal provisions. Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees.REVIEW OF LITERATURE: LABOUR WELFARE: “Labour welfare activities benefit not only the workers but also the management in term of greater industrial efficiency” Labour welfare:Labour welfare work aims at providing such service facilities and amenities which enable the workers employed in an organization to perform their work in healthy congenial surrounding conductive to good health and high morale. Objectives of labour welfare activities:Following are the objectives of the voluntary labour welfare services by employer7) To win over employees loyalty and increase their morale.

Statutory welfare schemes: The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions:        Drinking Water: Facilities for sitting: First aid appliances: Latrines and Urinals: Canteen facilities: Lighting: Rest rooms 2. The following are the more important among them:       Social responsibility of industry Democratic values Adequacy of wages Efficiency Co-responsibility Employee welfare schemes 1. Non statutory schemes: Many non statutory welfare schemes may include the following schemes: Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups):     Employee Assistance Programs: Maternity & Adoption Leave: Medi-claim Insurance Scheme: Employee Referral Scheme: .Principles of labour welfare Certain fundamental considerations are involved in the concept of labour welfare.

Labour welfare is a comprehensive term including various services. Welfare measures may also be provided by the government.LABOUR WELFARE:- Labour welfare work aims at providing such service facilities and amenities which enable the workers employed in an organization to perform their work in healthy congenial surrounding conductive to good health and high morale. “International Labour Organization efforts to make life worth living for workers” According to the Oxford dictionary “Welfare is fundamentally an attitude of mind on the part of management influencing the method by which management activities are undertaken. To build up stable labour force to reduce labour turnover and absenteeism . To earn goodwill and enhance public image. To make recruitment more effective. To reduce of threat of future government intervention. trade unions and nongovernment agencies in addition to the employer. Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees. To develop efficiency and productivity among workers. benefits and facilities offered by the employer. The welfare amenities are extended in additional to normal wages and other economic rewards available to employees as per the legal provisions. Objectives of labour welfare activities:- Following are the objectives of the voluntary labour welfare services by employer      To win over employees loyalty and increase their morale.

etc. It raises the standard of living of workers by indirectly reducing the burden on their pocket. Labour welfare promotes a sense of belongings among the workers. trade unions and both the central and state governments for the physical and mental development of the workers. It promotes a real change of heart and a change of outlook of the part of both the employers and employee . physical and mental efficiency.Importance of labour welfare activities:- Labour welfare in India has a special significance as the constitution provides for the promotion of welfare of the labour for human conditions of work and securing to all workers. welfare work improves the relations between employees and employers. preventing them from resorting to unhealthy practices like absenteeism. Welfare measures improve the physical and physiological health of the employees. social and cultural well being of the employees. which in turn enhance their efficiency and productivity. Social security measure provided by employer will act as a protection to the workers. Labour welfare means activities designed for the promotion of the economic. Labour welfare includes both statutory as well as non-statutory activities undertaken by the employers. lobour unrest strike. The various welfare measures provided by the employee will have immediate impact on the health. alertness. morale and overall efficiency of the workers and thereby contributing to the highest productivity. Labour welfare enables workers to have richer and more satisfying life.

then such good feeling increases enthusiasm among employees which will establish peace in the organization. 3) Establishment of Organizational peace: Labour welfare activities help in establishing sound relations between employees and employers.Reasons for the labour welfare activities in India:1) Increase in efficiency of employees: Labour welfare activities increases in efficiency of employees to work. When the employees of the organization feels that they are getting all the possible facilities and the employers are very caring to them. 2) Helpful in reducing the state of poverty among employees: Most of the workers in our country are unable in providing for base necessities for themselves and to their family members. Provision of labour welfare activities plays an important role in reducing such poverty and in providing essential amenities to the workers. These facilities help in developing the feeling of dedication among them. This is because of the extreme poverty among Indian workers. . Provision of labour welfare activities help in reducing this because the workers feel themselves well settled at one place. 4) Helpful in reducing the rate of absenteeism and labour turnover: The rate of absenteeism and labour turnover is much higher in India as compared to that of developed countries of the world. Due to the increase in efficiency the production and the productivity of the enterprise increase considerably.

o The Factories Act 1948: i. rest rooms and lunch rooms if there are more than 150 workers.Statutory Provisions Concerning labour welfare: Some legal provisions are framed to force such a employee welfare there are as follows. if more than 250 workers are employed Creche where more than 30 women workers are employed. Welfare officer. Creches if 50 or more women are employed. vi. Medical aid to workers and their families. i. wherever more than 500 workers are employed. ii. ii. iii. i. A canteen wherever 150 or more workers are employed. Shelter. ii. . Housing facilities for every worker and his family residing in the plantation. Facilities for storing and drying clothes. Appointment of a welfare officer in plantations employing 300 or more workers. iv. iv. First aid boxes or cupboards-one for every 150 workers. v. And ambulance facilities if there are more than 500 workers. A canteen whenever 250 or more worker are employed First aid boxes and first aid rooms in mines employing more than 150 workers. iii. iii. o The Plantation Labour Act. Canteens. 1951. o The Mines Act 1952.

· . services and amenities provided to workers for improving their health. loyal and satisfied labor force for the organization. The important benefits of welfare measures can be summarized as follows: They provide better physical and mental health to workers and thus promote a healthy work environment· Facilities like housing schemes. The purpose of labor welfare is to bring about the development of the whole personality of the workers to make a better workforce. 5. The very logic behind providing welfare schemes is to create efficient. efficiency. and education and recreation facilities for workers‟ families help in raising their standards of living. This makes workers to pay more attention towards work and thus increases their productivity. Labor welfare includes various facilities. Welfare measures are in addition to regular wages and other economic benefits available to workers due to legal provisions and collective bargaining 3.The basic features of labor welfare measures are as follows: 1. 2. government. healthy. New welfare measures are added to the existing ones from time to time. employees or by any social or charitable agency. medical benefits. 4. Welfare measures may be introduced by the employers. The purpose of providing such facilities is to make their work life better and also to raise their standard of living. economic betterment and social status. Labor welfare schemes are flexible and ever-changing.

The non statutory schemes differ from organization to organization and from industry to industry. health and welfare) 1986. Mines Act 1962. suitable seating arrangements are to be provided. Dock Workers Act (safety. Drinking Water: At all the working places safe hygienic drinking water should be provided. statutory and nonstatutory welfare schemes. Facilities for sitting: In every organization. especially factories. The social evils prevalent among the labors such as substance abuse. The employee welfare schemes can be classified into two categories viz. First aid appliances: First aid appliances are to be provided and should be readily assessable so that in case of any minor accident initial medication can be provided to the needed employee. The statutory schemes are those schemes that are compulsory to provide by an organization as compliance to the laws governing employee health and safety. Workers take active interest in their jobs and work with a feeling of involvement and participation. 3. These include provisions provided in industrial acts like Factories Act 1948. Employee welfare measures increase the productivity of organization and promote healthy industrial relations thereby maintaining industrial peace. Organizations provide welfare facilities to their employees to keep their motivation levels high. . 2.Employers get stable labor force by providing welfare facilities. STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions: 1. etc are reduced to a greater extent by the welfare policies.

such as ware houses. etc. 7. in the dock area and office premises spittoons are to be provided in convenient places and same are to be maintained in a hygienic condition. 5. store places. 8. Spittoons: In every work place. Latrines and Urinals: A sufficient number of latrines and urinals are to be provided in the office and factory premises and are also to be maintained in a neat and clean condition. 9. toilets. wash basins with tap and tap on the stand pipe are provided in the port area in the vicinity of the work places. 6. 10. Adequate lockers are also provided to the workers to keep their clothes and belongings. Washing places: Adequate washing places such as bathrooms. . Lighting: Proper and sufficient lights are to be provided for employees so that they can work safely during the night shifts. bathrooms. wash basins. Changing rooms: Adequate changing rooms are to be provided for workers to change their cloth in the factory area and office premises. Canteen facilities: Cafeteria or canteens are to be provided by the employer so as to provide hygienic and nutritious food to the employees. Rest rooms: Adequate numbers of restrooms are provided to the workers with provisions of water supply.4.

4. Flexible work schedules are initiated by employees and approved by management to meet business commitments while supporting employee personal life needs 3. Harassment Policy: To protect an employee from harassments of any kind. Maternity & Adoption Leave : Employees can avail maternity or adoption leaves. Paternity leave policies have also been introduced by various companies.NON STATUTORY SCHEMES Many non statutory welfare schemes may include the following schemes: 1. 7. 5. 6. guidelines are provided for proper action and also for protecting the aggrieved employee. Medi-claim Insurance Scheme: This insurance scheme provides adequate insurance coverage of employees for expenses related to hospitalization due to illness. Employee Referral Scheme: In several companies employee referral scheme is implemented to encourage employees to refer friends and relatives for employment in the organization. . disease or injury or pregnancy. Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups): Some of the companies provide the facility for extensive health check-up 2. Flexi-time: The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide opportunity to employees to work with flexible working schedules. Employee Assistance Programs: Various assistant programs are arranged like external counseling service so that employees or members of their immediate family can get counseling on various matters.

does not include a mine covered under the Mines Act. a mobile unit of the armed forces. Cleanliness and disposal of wastes and effluents The occupier is required to keep the factory premises clean and free from waste and effluvia. WORKER’ USED IN FACTORIES ACT „Worker‟ means a person employed. or in cleaning any part of the machinery or premises used for a manufacturing process. or connected with. partitions. 1952. in a manufacturing process. All inside walls.FACTORS ACT A factory is a premises whereon 10 or more persons are engaged if power is used. effective treatment and disposal of wastes and effluents and maintaining proper drainage. staircases and rooms shall be whitewashed once in 14 . or the subject of the manufacturing process but does not include any member of the amended forces of the Union. a railway shed or a hotel. 1948. or in any other kind of work incidental to. RELATING TO HEALTH OF WORKERS The occupier of factory is obliged to undertake following measures for ensuring good health and physical fitness of worker: 1. directly or by or through any agency (including a contractor) with or without the knowledge or the principal employer. „Factory‟ however. FACTORIES ACT. the manufacturing process. restaurant or eating place. whether for remuneration or not in any manufacturing process. He shall make arrangements for sweeping and removing dirt and refuse daily. or 20 or more persons are engaged if power is not used. cleaning with disinfectant.

2.9 cubic mtrs. Avoid Overcrowding The workplace should not be overcrowded by workers and minimum space of 14. Prevent Dust and fumes Accumulation and inhalation of dust and fumes or other impurity of such a nature as is likely to be injurious to health of workers should be prevented by use of exhaust fans and other safeguards. other wooden or metallic framework and shutters should be painted or varnished at least once in five years.per worker in a new factory and 9.months. Ventilation. for male and female workers separately. Lighting and Drinking water Every factory should provide and maintain adequately lighted and ventilated latrines and urinals. should be recorded in the prescribed register. 3.2 cubic meters. all doors. in sufficient numbers. increased humidity should be controlled by use of purified water. Temperature and Humidity The factory premises should be adequately ventilated by circulation of fresh air and comfortable temperature should be maintained in every workroom. The dates of white-washing. and spittoons at Besides. 4. painting or varnishing etc. artificially .per worker in an existing factory should be provideds 5. or revarnished and painted once in three years with washable paint or once in five years with non-washable paint. window frames. Besides.

“ labour welfare means anything done for the comfort and improvement. In such a situation labour welfare facilities enable workers to live a richer and more satisfactory life. TYPES OF WELFARE MEASURES Employee welfare services may be classifieds into two broad categories.Intramural 2. Inflation has made them lot poor and the find it difficult to maintain their standard of life. Labour welfare Services 1. the latrines.Extra-mural .suitable location Further. intellectual or social of the employees over and above the wages paid which is not a necessity of the industry”. According to the Oxford dictionary employee welfare or labour welfare means “the efforts to make life worth living for workmen”. Words of James Todd. urinals and spittoons should be washed and cleaned with detergents and disinfectants Labour welfare Rapid industrialization and urbanization have made employee dependent on capitalists.

leave travel facilities. rest shelters. canteens. workers cooperative stores fair price shops. washing and bathing facilities. Welfare services may also be divided as voluntary and statutory. crèches. interest free loans. Employers should also advance loan for purchase of bicycles.1. It is therefore. etc. transport. These include latrines and urinals. uniform. An Industrial Housing Scheme was introduced in 1952. (iii) Transportation: With the growth of industries. recreation facilities. 2. free or subsidized food etc. EXTRA-MURAL: These services are provided outside the establishment. These consist of housing accommodation. credit societies. medical aid. library. Many employers provide the following welfare facilities voluntarily (I) Housing: In view of acute shortage of housing accommodation in cities industrial housing is an important part of employee welfare in India. the distance between the workplace and residence of worker has increased considerably. The committee suggested that employers should introduced consumer cooperative stores in their labour welfare programmers. vocational guidance. sports and games can play an important role in the physical and mental development of employees. art theatre.. necessary to provide proper transport facility. family planning and child welfare. The National Commission on Labour recommended that the Government should take the major responsibility for housing. holiday homes. children‟s education . . scooters etc. (iv) Recreation: Recreation in the form of music. (v) Consumer cooperative stores: The National Cooperative Development Board set up a committee in 1961. Fiscal and monetary incentives should be provided (ii) Education: The Indian Industrial Commission (1918) and the Royal Commission on Labour (1931) stressed the need for work‟s education. maternity benefits. sports fields. INTRAMURAL: These services are provided within the establishment. In 1957 the Government of India formulated an all India Scheme of worker‟s education.

40% are male respondents and 60% are female respondents. . of respondents 20 30 50 Percentage (%) 40% 60% 100% GRAPH: Respondents 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Male Female 40% 60% Respondents Source: Primary Data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that. GENDER OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE: Gender Male Female Total No.

30% of respondents are age between 25-30. Of respondents 20 15 10 05 50 Percentage (%) 40% 30% 20% 10% 100% GRAPH: Respondents 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Below 25 26-30 31-35 40% 30% 20% 10% 36-50 Respondents Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: The above table discloses that 40% of respondents are age below 25. 20% of respondents are age between 31-35 and 10% of respondents are age between 36-50. . TABLE: AGE OF THE RESPONDENTS Age Below 25 25-30 31-35 36-50 Total No.

50% are having experience between 1-5 years. of respondents 10 25 10 5 50 Percentage 20% 50% 20% 10% 100% GRAPH: Respondents 20% 10% 20% Below 1 year 50% 1-5 years 6-10 years 11 & above Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: The above table discloses that 20% of respondents are below 1 year of experience. . TABLE: EXPERIENCE OF THE RESPONDENTS Experience Below 1 year 1-5 years 6-10 years 11 & above Total No. 20% are having experience between 6-10 years and 10% of respondents are having 11 years and above experience.

.1.no Working condition in factory No. of respondents 1 2 Yes No Total 35 15 30 Percentage 70% 30% 100% GRAPH: respondents 30% yes no 70% Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From this above table it is inferred that 70% of respondents are satisfied with the working condition in the factory and 30% of respondents are not satisfied.Yes b).No TABLE: S. Are you satisfied with the Working Condition at the company? a).

of respondents 30 20 50 Percentage 60% 40% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 40% 60% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 60% of respondents are aware about the welfare activities and 40% of the respondents are not having awareness about the welfare activities.Yes b). .2. Are you aware of all the Welfare Activities? a). Yes No Total No.no 1 2 Awareness of welfare activities.No TABLE: S.

Of respondents 10 22 10 08 50 Percentage (%) 20% 44% 20% 16% 100% b). 16% of respondents are provided for other facilities to employees. 44% of respondents are provided for education of children to employees. .School Facilities d) other facilities GRAPH: Respondents 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Bus Facilities School Facilities Educational Other facilities loan facilities 20% 20% 16% Respondents 44% Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: The above table discloses that 36% of respondents are provided for education of children to employees. 20% of respondents are provided for education of children to employees.3.Bus Facilities c). How many facilities are provided for education of children to employees? a).Educational loan facilities TABLE: Facilities Bus Facilities School Facilities Educational loan facilities other facilities Total No.

No S.Yes TABLE: b).no Satisfaction of Canteen facility 1 2 Yes No Total No. Are you satisfied with the Canteen facility? a). 50% of the employees are not satisfied with the canteen facilities. of respondents 25 25 30 Percentage 50% 50% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 50% 50% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: 50% of the employees are satisfied with the canteen facilities.4. .

. of respondents Percentage 10 40 50 20% 80% 100% b). Do you have Recreational facilities? a).Yes TABLE: S.No GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 80% RESPONDENTS 20% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: 20% of the employees are having Recreational facilities.no Recreational facilities 1 2 Yes No Total No.5. 80% of the employees are not having Recreational facilities.

1 2 Yes No Total No. Are you satisfied with the wages and incentives? a).6.no Satisfaction of wages and incentives. No TABLE: S.Yes b). . of respondents 20 30 50 Percentage 40% 60% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 40% 60% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 40% of respondents are satisfied with the wages n incentives and 60% of respondents are not satisfied.

) Yes ( ) b.7.W( ANDHRA PRADESH MINIMUM WAGES) a.M. of respondents 40 10 30 Percentage 80% 20% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 20% YES 80% NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 80% of respondents are getting salary as per A.W.P.P. Is the company paying you the salary as per our A.W and 20% of respondents are not getting as per A. .P.P.M.M.) No ( ) TABLE: S.M.no Salary as per A.W 1 2 Yes No Total No.

or respondents 26 24 100 Percentage 52% 48% 100% GRAPH RESPONDENTS 48% 52% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 52% of respondents are getting incentives as per result oriented and 48% of respondents are not getting incentives as per result oriented.) No TABLE: S.8.) Yes b. .no Incentive paid is fair n result oriented 1 2 Yes No Total No. Is the incentive paid for you are fair and result oriented? a.

Are you satisfied with the retirement benefits provided by the company? a.) Yes b. .) No TABLE: S.no Satisfaction of retirement benefits 1 2 Yes No Total No.9. of respondents 25 25 30 Percentage 50% 50% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 50% 50% YES NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 50% of respondents are satisfied with retirement benefits and 50% of respondents are not satisfied.

of respondents Percentage 1 2 Yes No Total 05 45 50 10% 90% 100% b).10.no wages as per basic minimum criteria No. Are you getting Pension facility? a).No GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 100% 50% 0% 10% YES NO RESPONDENTS 90% Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 10% of respondents are getting the Pension facility and 90% of the respondents are not getting the Pension facility.Yes TABLE: S. .

) No TABLE: S.11.F& ESI benefits Yes No Total No.F & E.no 1 2 P.) Yes b. Do you get P.F & ESI benefits? a. of respondents 40 10 30 Percentage 80% 20% 100% GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 20% YES 80% NO Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: From the above table it is inferred that 80% of the respondents are getting P.S. .F & E.S.I benefits.I benefits and 20% of respondents are not getting P.

How much time it will take for sanctioning special welfare facility? a).3-4 week TABLE: Facilities 1-2 week 2-3 week 3-4 week Total No.2-3 week GRAPH: Respondents 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1-2 week 2-3 week 3-4 week 20% 36% Respondents 44% Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: The above table discloses that 36% of respondents are provided Welfare facility can those be sanctioned within a time period of 1 to 2 week making the progress. 20% of respondents are provided Welfare facility can those be sanctioned within a time period of 3 to 4 week making the progress.1-2 week c). 44% of respondents are provided Welfare facility can those be sanctioned within a time period of 2 to 3 week making the progress. Of respondents 18 22 10 50 Percentage (%) 36% 44% 20% 100% b).12. .

13. Is the work place regularly cleaned? a).Yes b).No

TABLE:

Gender Male Female Total

No. of respondents 45 05 50

Percentage (%) 90% 10% 100%

GRAPH:

Respondents
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Male 10% Female 90% Respondents

Source: Primary Data

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that, 90% are respondents says work place regularly cleaned and 10% are respondents says work place regularly not cleaned.

14. Is personal protective equipments provided? a.) Yes TABLE: S.no 1 2 Personal protective equipments Yes No Total No. of respondents 45 05 30 Percentage 90% 10% 100 b.) No

GRAPH:

RESPONDENTS
30%

YES 70% NO

Source: primary data

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 90% of respondents are getting personal protective equipments and 10% of respondents are not getting.

15. Does welfare benefits provided by the organization plays as a Motivational factor? a).Highly agree c).Do not agree TABLE: Facilities Highly agree Agree Do not agree Total No. Of respondents 15 25 10 50 Percentage (%) 30% 50% 20% 100% b). Agree

GRAPH:

Respondents
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 50% 30% 20% Highly agree Agree Do not agree Respondents

Source: primary data

INTERPRETATION:
The above table discloses that 30% of employees are highly agreed that the welfare benefits provided by the organization play a motivational factor. 50% of employees are agree that the welfare benefits provided by the organization play a motivational factor. 20% of employees are Do not agree that the welfare benefits provided by the organization plays a motivational factor.

Do you get medical reimbursement on time? a). .16.Yes and with full reimbursement c) No reimbursement TABLE: Medical reimbursement on time Yes and with full reimbursement Yes but with reduced reimbursement No reimbursement Total No. Of respondents 30 15 5 50 Percentage (%) 60% 30% 10% 100% b) Yes but with reduced reimbursement GRAPH: Respondents 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Yes and with full reimbursement 60% 30% 10% Yes but with reduced No reimbursement reimbursement Respondents Source: primary data INTERPRETATION: The above table discloses that 60% employees agree that they get full medical reimbursement. 30% employees agree that they get reduced reimbursement 10% employees agree that they get No reimbursement.

17. . Do you suggest any thing? a) Yes TABLE: Suggest Yes No TOTAL No. Of respondents 30 20 50 Customer response% 60% 40% 100% b) No GRAPH: RESPONDENTS 40% 60% YES NO INTERPRETATION: The above graph indicates that majority of people happy to suggest.

  80% of the respondents are getting salary as per A. . 50% of the respondents are having working experience between 1-5 years. 60% of the respondents are satisfied with medical benefits provided by the company. 70% of the respondents are satisfied with the working condition in the company. Only the 50% of the employees are satisfied with the canteen facilities.      10% of respondents are getting the Pension facility 80% of the respondents are getting PSI & ESI benefits. Only the 50% of employees are agree that the welfare benefits provided by the organization play a motivational factor.P.    Only the 90% are respondents says work place regularly cleaned 52% of the respondents agreed that they are wages and incentives fair oriented. 50% of the respondents are accepting that first rooms are clean and neat. Only the 90% of the respondents are getting personal protective equipments regularly.FINDINGS:         60% of the respondents are female labours. 20% of the employees are having Recreational facilities Only the 40% of the respondents are satisfied with the wages and incentives other 60% are not satisfied. Only the 60% of the respondents are having awareness about the welfare activities. 40% of the respondents are below age 25.M.W Only the 50% of the respondents are satisfied with retirement benefits provided by the company.

 Pension facilities could be provided to employees. . More clean & hygienic toilets & drinking facility to be provided. Sanctioning time of special welfare facility should be reduced.SUGGESTIONS:     ESI benefits related awareness programs could be provided Medical reimbursement should also be continued after the retirement Company can improve in providing canteen facilities Recreational facilities could be provided to employee     New facilities should be added to the existing ones by early action taken by management. As per the transport facility that the cost of transport per employee should be economical and so for the purpose of the company should take proper care of it.

Labour welfare is very important to run the company successfully so the company should follow the welfare activities regularly to improve the labour satisfaction in their working environment. this in turn helps to improve the labour satisfaction and the will show in the improvements of productivity. ESI schemes. the labour welfare in “DECCAN CEMENT COMPANT” is effective but not highly effective. . It is helpful for the growth of the company to improve its productivity. If the company can even follow welfare facilities such as. The company is having better welfare activities and the labours are satisfied with their welfare schemes provided by the management. Labour welfare awareness meetings and presentation must carry out periodically. low cost transportation etc. This study highlighted so many factors which will help to create the awareness of welfare to the labours.CONCLUSIONS: The study concludes that. clean & hygienic toilets & drinking facility.

6 – 10 Years 1. below 25 c.School Facilities d) other facilities . Male a. 36 -50 b. Below 1 Year c. How many facilities are provided for education of children to employees? a).Bus Facilities c). 1 – 5 Years d. 25 – 30 d. Are you aware of all the Welfare Activities? a). Are you satisfied with the Canteen facility? a). Female b. 11 & above Years of service : a.QUESTIONNAIRE: PERSONAL DATA: Name : Sex Age (In Years) : : a. 31 – 35 b.No b).Yes b).Yes b).Educational loan facilities 4.Yes b).No 3. Are you satisfied with the Working Condition at the company? a).No 2.

) Yes ( ) b. Are you satisfied with the wages and incentives? a).Yes b).) Yes b.) No 12. Do you have Recreational facilities? a).M. No b).) No b).No b.) No 9.No 7. How much time it will take for sanctioning special welfare facility? a).5.P.Yes 6.W (ANDHRA PRADESH MINIMUM WAGES?) b. Do you get P.F & ESI benefits? b.Yes 11.1-2 week c). Are you satisfied with the retirement benefits provided by the company? b.) Yes b. Are you getting Pension facility? a). Is the company paying you the salary as per our A.) Yes 10.) No ( ) 8.2-3 week .3-4 week b). Is the incentive paid for you are fair and result oriented? b.

Do not agree 16.) No 15.No 14. Agree 17. Is personal protective equipments provided? b.13. Is the work place regularly cleaned? a).) Yes b.Yes and with full reimbursement b) Yes but with reduced reimbursement c) No reimbursement b). Do you suggest any thing? a) Yes b) No . Does welfare benefits provided by the organization plays as a Motivational factor? a). Do you get medical reimbursement on time? a).Highly agree c).Yes b).

com.humanresources.com. www. .com.No Authors Year Title City of publication Publisher 1 2 V.com. Ltd.S.deccan cement. www.about.Ashwathappa 2000 1997 Human Resource Human Resource and Personal Management New Delhi Excel Books New Delhi Tata Mc GrawHill Publishing Co. Nagpur Annual Reports of Organization Internal Records of Organization Websites:     www.BIBLIOGRAPHY: Sr.google. www.P.Rao K.yahoo. Civil Lines. 3 Company Magazines - Khanan Bharti Pragati Nagpur WCL Coal Estate.