Graphene zigzag ribbons: hidden multiferroic order and (spin polarized) transport

J. Fernández-Rossier, F. Muñoz, J. J. Palacios

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Electronic structure graphene zigzag ribbons= Magnetic edges, S=0, P=0, spin resolved ferroelectricity

www.ua.es/personal/jfrossier

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Bands of graphene zigzag ribbons

Non interacting bands

DFT LSDA bands

Flat edge bands 2 gaps

Magnetic edges
Y. Son, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 216803 (06)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

DFT results and questions

Y. Son, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 216803 (06)

Origin of the 2 gaps? What kind of electronic order? Relation with Spin resolved dipole?
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Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

Methodology: Mean field Hubbard
Mean Field Hubbard model

•M. Fujita et al.,J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 65, 1920 (1996) •K. Wakabayashi, M. Sigrist, M. Fujita, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 67, 2089 (1998) •JFR , J. J. PalaciosPhys. Rev. Lett. 99, 177204 (2007) •JFR, Phys. Rev. B. 77, 075430 (08) •M. Wimmer, I. Adagideli, S. Berber, D. Tomanek, K.Richter, arXiv:0709.3244

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Methodology: Mean field Hubbard vs DFT
Mean Field Hubbard model

MF Hubbard

MF Hubbard
JFR, PRB. 77, 075430 (08)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Crucial remark about mean field Hubbard in ZZ

JFR, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Crucial remark about mean field Hubbard in ZZ

JFR, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Crucial remark about mean field Hubbard in ZZ

JFR, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Crucial remark about mean field Hubbard in ZZ

JFR, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Spontaneous generation of eh pairs
Non interacting ground state Interacting ground state Interacting ground state

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Interband coherence, phase Locking, Spin dipole

Excitonic Insulator

Phase Locking

Spin dipole

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Origin of the 2 gaps

BCS dispersion

Pairing gap (inter-band exchange)

Diagonal exchange

JFR, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Origin of the 2 gaps
Diagonal exchange Magnetism in edges

Pairing gap (inter-band exchange)

JFR,Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

H29-00010

Spin state vs conduction properties

AF: insulator

FM: conducting

0  0

No dipole No pairing gap

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Graphene Ribbon Spin Valve (CIP)

Armchair conducting

Short Zigzag

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Graphene Ribbon Spin valve (CIP)

Joaquín Fernández-Rossier

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Summary

MF Hubbard=BCS Excitonic Insulator DFT= MF Hubbard BCS= Spin Hidden Ferroelectricity

BCS: intraband vs interband gaps

All Graphene SPIN VALVE

J. Fernandez-Rossier, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075430 (2008) JFR, F. Muñoz-Rojas, J. J. Palacios, in preparation.

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