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K.a Kitchen, Two Donation Stelae

K.a Kitchen, Two Donation Stelae

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Two Donation Stelae in The Brooklyn Museum Author(s): Kenneth A.

Kitchen Reviewed work(s): Source: Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 8 (1969-1970), pp. 59-67 Published by: American Research Center in Egypt Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40000039 . Accessed: 29/01/2013 13:00
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As the endowments concerned commonly come from the hand of important dignitaries and are usually dated. Kitchen One of the most characteristic groups of monuments of the Libyan dynasties in Egypt is that of the donation stelae. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .Two Donation Stelae in The Brooklyn Museum Kenneth A.118 59 This content downloaded on Tue. A Text of Brooklyn Stela 67. over and above their significance for the study of Egyptian cults and religious concepts. Fig. inscriptions which record gifts of land to temples or to their personnel. the historical value of these inscriptions is considerable.

depth. but clearly Harpokrates. Commentary. GemenefHor-bak. 7 For hsk or hskt tp. his wife shall violate <his children). transparent over-garment and a short wig framed by a "Libyan plume. width.3 cm. Mendes (internal evidence). JEA 32 (1946) 26 and n. The main text (Fig. 4 Wdny. that of Year 21 of Iuput I (Yoyotte. for the various curses employed on this class of stelae. cf. Rec.6 The Ram of Mendes. op. Provenance.. 25 (1903) 198 § VIII. citing further Sethe. . Inscription of Mes (1905) 18-19. op.(3) son of the Chief Flautist4of the Ram. The Brooklyn Museum acquired two such stelae. but very probable. 12. but with solar disks on the front and apex of his crown (worn on a wig). the phenomenon occurs in hieratic from the 21st Dynasty onwards. 1-3) runs: (1) "Regnal Year 22 (of) Pharaoh Shoshenq. and by Schulman.e. Lime stone. Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund. Height. cf. 6 For these emendations.119. I.. cf. Wb. width. Late-Egyptian Miscellanies 186 ad loc. slovenly hieroglyphs record their name and rank: "Great Chief and Leader. see Sottas. JARCE 5 (1966) 41 nr. Nes-khebit ( ?) :3 A field of 10 arouraeto the flautist of Har(po)krates. Egyptological Researches I pl.)6 an ass shall violate his wife. 67. Curator of Ancient Art. 'flautist'. nr. Previously mentioned by Yoyotte. 144 § 32 Document D and pl. Har. for wdn. and those of Year 10 of Peftjau'awybast (Daressy. They (i. Spiegelberg. For a t following the year-numeral. Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund. Plates I-II Figs.f for m-drt. (As for) him who shall seize them from him.2) in accord with Wb. i45ff. to inherit from his father. Hat-mehyt and Harpokrates (shall) execute (scd)him by cutting off his head. the flautist. formerly the Michaelides collection. JEA 54 [1968] 165 ff. 3 Reading not certain. lord of life.. 66 end (confused with the Abemayor stela).9 (Abaton. Lord of Mendes. we see Osiris in a short kilt and horned Atef-crown. 85647 (Bakir. Ankh-Hor(pe)khrod. A.5 cm. other donation stelae such as that of Year 19 of Shoshenq V (Miiller. holding a papyrus-sceptre. Height. 52. La preservation de la propriiti funiraire dans Vancienne Egypte (1913) esp. Both stelae belong to the same epoch. six well-cut figures occupy the upper half of the stela. the 10 arourae) are confirmed in his possession5for ever (4) and ever. 3). 79).by the hand of the Great Chief of the Ma and Leader.He is followed by the goddess Hat-mehyt with her distinctive fish-symbol upon her head. carrying the royal crook and flail. Under the winged disk of "Behdet who gives life." and the symbol of heaven. and carrying a ze//s-sceptre. To the gods. Cerny.5 cm. 2. Melanges Maspero I part 4 (1961) 125 Document 9. its depiction of Gemenef-Hor-bak actually playing the double pipe clinches the general meaning "flute". etc." He is attended by a bald or close-shaven priest in a short kilt and transparent over-kilt. and Gardiner.(2) nakht. Schulman. ASAE 43 [1943] 78. . Then comes Ba-neb-djed (the Ram of Mendes).1 for the opportunity of publishing them. I am indebted to the Museum through the kindness of Bernard V.e. Previously mentioned and illustrated by Yoyotte.) . lines 1-2.3 cm. op. Bakir. Bothmer. and doubtless ultimately from Kom Firin (see below). Untersuchungen III 91-92. 8 I. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . cit. cit.118 I-II (Pis. 64. BSFE 25 [1958] fig. cit. and (slightly varied) on Cairo J. Figs. see below.3 cm. 39. 67. Over them. 5 M-dit. son of the (Great) Chief of the Ma. stands the figure of an infant prince with hand to mouth and nude but for sidelock and uraeus: unlabelled. and as applied to the pharaoh's foes in formal triumphscenes in the New Kingdom (Kitchen and Gaballa.. I 409. trav. 6. This stela provides for the first time the derivative term "flautist". Before these three.f (Coptic MTOOTM). Caminos. Limestone.118. ibid 21 [1921] 139).. AZ 96 [1969-70] 23-28). 18..7and they shall not allow his eldest son (6) to succeed him.). Harnakht.6o 8 (1969-1970) JARCE Stela 67. who plays the double pipe. similarly attired. depth.5 cm. and each offers its own points of special interest. cf . the great (5) god. justified. 32. Brooklyn ace. cf . Advancing from left to right. nr. 41 nr. <an ass shall violate him. on a pedestal." 1 Brooklyn ace. who gives . the hieroglyph for "fields" is offered by a man dressed in a short kilt.f. Ankh-Horpekhrod. Anastasi IV 12. ca.2 Donation to Harpokratesresiding in Mendes. This content downloaded on Tue.d'E. I 407.8 2 Shoshenq III in all probability.. Provenance. 88). 8. the full formula as employed on the smaller Dakhla stela (republished by Janssen. "pipe".15 (wdc) should indeed be wdn (P. ASAE 17 [1917] 43. cf. 1-3 and A) In 1967.

) or Shoshenq V. his son Ankh-Horpekhrod and a second Gemenef-Hor-bak. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . Smendes.leaving only the lateral faces vacant. 804 B. . op. GeneralCommentsbelow. On the side of the same doorjamb was added a further text13 dated to Year 11 of a pharaoh whose cartouches were left blank. MManges MasperoI part 4 (1961) 125 Doc. Rec. However. the gods named) shall set his son in his place/' COMMENTARY Happily.16 one may. year of Shoshenq I (ca. one may note what is perhaps the same custom among those into whose care the Brooklyn and Iuput stelae entrusted land: a Gemenef-Hor-bak." This Harnakht cannot be the Harnakht of the Brooklyn stela.TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM 6l But (as for) him who shall seek his welfare.C. 13Yoyotte. Janssen points out that the fixed form of the obscene curse is current from Shoshenq III (Year 5ff.C. seeing that the name of the latter's father—cannot though open to slight doubt in reading possibly be read as "Smendes" (Nes-Ba-nebdjed). It similarly celebrates the induction of "the First Prophet of the Ram . 125 Doc.A further stela is dated in "Regnal Year 21 of Pharaoh Iuput"11 — and recordsa donation—again to Harpokrates by "the First Prophet of the Ram of Mendes. Smendes. and Shoshenq IV Usimare* Miamun (23rd Dynasty) is not known to have reigned beyond his sixth year.. no proof that the second is actually the son of Ankh-HorGemenef-Hor-bak pekhrod. Smendes. co-regent of Pedubast I (Karnak Nile record Nr.cf. 11Yoyotte. Daressy. son of the Great Chief of the Ma and Leader. 746 B. i.d'E.If Shoshenq I may be eliminated on grounds of date of the stereotyped form of the curses employed on this stela. Usimarec Setepen-Re'/Amun (ca. 10. cf. Harnakht A. 132 par.14Alongside the papponymy of Harnakht-Smendes-Harnakht. incomplete.B.e. giving a series from Neskhebit (?) through to Harnakht B. Milanges MasperoI part 4 (1961) 125 Doc. son of" (the same titles) "Smendes. Shoshenq III orV. 14As already noted by Yoyotte. cit.cit.15 Furthermore. Great Chief of the Ma and Leader. But the Harnakht son of Smendes was in all probability later than the Smendes who inscribedthe front face of the doorjamb. The jamb is Cairo J. op. 10 end. of the two kings Iuput attributable to the 23rd Dynasty. it is a short step to identify Harnakht A (fatherof Smendes) with the Harnakht son of Nes-khebit (?) of Brooklyn stela 67. . Shoshenq II Hekakheperre*was probably ephemeral. 3. Harnakht. von Beckerath." A doorjamb from Mendes bears on its front surface a text12 commemorating the 9 This and all following dates used in this paper are based on the chronology offered in my Third IntermediatePeriod in Egypt (forthcoming). Therefore. 35 (1913) 124-126. JARCE 5 [1966] This content downloaded on Tue. I Die biographischen Inschriften der AgyptischenSpdtzeit (1954) X49Text 14. 924 B. 126-127. and they (i. he shall abide on the land (7) like a man of the gods. BSFE 25 (1958) 21 fig.118) also favours a date from the second half of the 22nd Dynasty onwards. gg. op. From here. son of the Great Chief of —most certainly the same the Ma. but it is certainly possible and would fit well the successionof names.10then we are left with but two possible dates. Daressy. "Year 22 of Pharaoh Shoshenq" could theoretically be the last. trav. 10In JEA 54 (1968) 171 n.cit. 15There is. Great Chief of the Ma and Leader. 26. 12. cit. 12Yoyotte.118. One may add that the presence of blessings for respecting the endowment (as on Brooklyn 67.C.)9or belong within the reign of either Shoshenq III. Otto. one may go further and choose between these kings. Harnakht" Smendes son of Harnakht named on the stela of Year 21 of Iuput. Otto. 11.A. thanks to the combined evidence of this stela and other family monuments of the Great Chiefs of the Ma resident in the famed Delta city of Mendes.).. the date of this monument can be fixed with relative certainty. induction of "the Great Chief of the Ma and Leader. 16Iuput I. of course. so neither of these kings can be considered for this monument of a Year 22. 149-150 Text i4. Harnakht.e. cAkheperrec(ca.) down to Tefnakht. Harnakht B. op. one may safely regard the Smendes of both texts on the jamb as one and the same. 43339. This gives a clear succession of princes.

. "y" and "z").ty-c.21 One must admit this possibility.C..C.52). but I find it attractive tentatively to suggest that Djedhor may be our ruler "x" at ca. and the Brooklyn stela 67.within the 25th Dynasty!).). Ill 4.at the end of the 22nd-23rd Dynasties. Oppenheim in Pritchard (ed.)rather than to Iuput II (ca. 784 B. on the following slender grounds: (i) The names Djedhor and Ankh-Hor are very common in the later epochs of Egyptian history. scene. 21Op. Osorkon III (ca. 767 B..17 different Great Chief of the Ma in Mendes: Djed-Amun-ef-ankh..23 Great Chief Djedhor bears the title h. Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones I (1957) No.C. 746 B. safely assign the Smendes stela of Year 21 of a Iuput to Iuput I (ca.). 804 B.Count {htty-*. his son Harnakht B may be fittingly inducted in Year 11 of a 23rd Dynasty pharaoh later than Iuput I. before the Nes-khebit ( ?) family. if Harnakht A were dated to Year 22 of Shoshenq V (ca. See further.C. Smendes may be held to have dedicated his donation stela in Year 21 of Iuput I (ca. 692) ! And so late a date for the series is unreal. cit. e.62 8 (1969-1970) JARCE years leaves ample time for probably two or more unattested rulers of Mendes (say. also." He is attested by a Theban funerary cone of his grandson.prince "x.. (iii) The Shoshenq V (ca. 19Luckenbill. 667 B. attested in Year 37 of and others. Great Chief of the Mashwash. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .). Djedhor.24 Likewise.C. then Harnakht B in Year 11 of an unnamed king who would be Shabako (ca. one may note Ankh-Hor son of Djed-Amun-ef-ankh (728). This content downloaded on Tue. see Fecht.20 Yoyotte was inclined.). in the generation after Smendes. MDAIK 16 (1958) 1 12-3.then Smendes to a supposed Year 21 of Iuput II (falling ca. 731 B. 731 B.)after nearly twenty years more would In the forty years that elapsed suit admirably. son of AnkhHor (no title) and a lady of the house Shepensopdet.C. one may reasonably postulate the rule of at least one further prince of Mendes.22 the Great Chief of the Libu. Sethe. contemporary of Piankhy (latter's Great Stela. just twenty years (or a generation) before. and lines 18.. 75 (1963) 71-77.). cf. 728 B. (ii) For these names in late 22nd-23rd Dynasty into the 25th. before his titles of "Great Chief.C.). Aegyptische Lesestiicke 92 ff. between DjedAmun-ef-ankh in 728 and a ruler of Mendes 'Buiama' (Pa-yam ?) mentioned by Assurbanipal of Assyria in ca. 144 Doc.C.19 the intervening sixty 47. F. 804 B. . 132 § 10 end. Macadam. 750-740 B. Harnakht A and the rest. 'Count* (twice). 145 Doc. Djed-Amun-ef20Davies. G." and "Overseer of Prophets. 706) or Shebitku (ca. Suite Oracle Papyrus (1962) 15-16. The eleventh year of the latter's second successor. Chronique d'Egypte 38 fasc.". 24The collocation h*ty-* imy-r hmw-ntr is perhaps an archaism. op.ty-c). A possible candidate to fill one of these gaps— perhaps "x"—is the unplaced "Hereditary Prince and Count (iry-pcth." Similarly. ed.e. to date this chief Djedhor to the period before the regime of Nes-khebit. ca.C.18 from that date until we reach Djed-Amun-efankh under Piankhy (728).46). who extend back two generations before Year 14 of Psammetichus I and through five generations after that date. He would cut across the succession Harnakht A-Smendes-Harnakht B in a quite intolerable fashion. rather than in the 22nd Dynasty or before.C.). lines 18. Therefore. from about the 25th Dynasty to the Roman age.C. Hapdjefa's titles. in passing. 378. Similarly. cit. Parker. 17 Great Stela.).118 erected by his father Harnakht A will have been dated to Year 22 of Shoshenq III (ca. 114). Ankh-Hor.C.sic!) and Overseer of Prophets of the Ram of Mendes. 18Rather than Year 11 of Shoshenq V (22nd Dyn. whether of the Middle Kingdom or later (cf. 23Yoyotte. and Iuput II. 114/5 (Urk. Ancient Near Eastern Texts 294. Ancient Records of Assyria II §§ 771 ff. 22On this family. think.g. 711 B. "avant eux sans doute" i.. In Year 21 of the we find a quite famous Piankhy (ca. Third Intermediate Period. as there is no reason to suppose that the Mendesian princes ever switched back to dating by the 22nd Dynasty.). the several Djedhors in the rambling family of the vizier Nesipeqashuty son of Nespamedu. 757 B. On Buiama as possibly representing Egyptian Pa-yam. on the Piankhy stela.also a Djedhor (no title). see De Meulenaere.

Such a title does not so far occur with the princes from Nes-khebit ( ?) to Harnakht B. one other point of political interest may be noted. 26Ibid. dated to Year 30 of Shoshenq III (ca. 25. 2. doorjamb — (Theban cone 378) — Yr. and 140 n. son of previous)26 — "z" "Buiama" (Payam) — ca. Dyn. 22. perhaps our Harnakht A. Piankhy. This stela shows the ruler of Mendes. 3 — Yr. Smendes Harnakht B — — ik B — Yr. 23. 22. Shoshenq III. (Induction) Dyn. 796 B. 21. to which it contributes. Gemenef-Hor-bak Chief hour-priest t Dyn. . Gt. Dyn. Date B. 1379 (Spiegelberg. and instead dated by the younger line (Iuput I. Assurbanipal ?I Yr. the blank cartouches of the Year 11 induction-text from Mendes would appear to indicate scant regard for whichever particular pharaohs then reigned.TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM ankh is once credited with the title h. ASAE 13 [1913] 86). the little Mendesian stela. 680? 'V (? Djedhor) Djed-Amun-ef -ankh — "y" ( Ankh-Hor. Ill 46). 11. op. 18. None of these indications are conclusive. 667 Before leaving Brooklyn 67. 750-740? ca. 132 n. Harnakht A. trav. 784 ca. 728 ca. However. 804 ca.". 25 — Dyn. 21. 767 ca. loyally dating his monuments by the pharaoh of the senior Libyan 25Great Stela.25 and several of his contemporaries as Chiefs of the Ma are also so entitled there. 114-5 — Dyn.C. Reign & Dynasty Approx. Chief in Mendes Nes-khebit ( ?) Harnakht A Local Beneficiary Gemenef-Hor-bakA Chief flautist . one may set Brooklyn stela 67. Iuput I. but they may serve to make viable a date for Djedhor between the line of Harnakht and the contemporary of Piankhy. POsorkonIII. 23. 1.118. One may also note traces of building work in the name of Shoshenq III at Mendes (Daressy.ty-c preceding that of "Great Chief .118 within a full context of rulers of Mendes.118 ca. Therefore.). 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . That Ankh-Hor succeeded his father is not proven. Yoyotte. lines 114-5 (Urk. cit. Doubtless this remained the case for the rest of Harnakht's — tenure of office. Ankh-Horpekhrod Flautist dynasty— Shoshenq III of the 22nd Dynasty— and not by the upstart younger line embodiedin Pedubast I of the 23rd Dynasty. 27Cf. 25. Strasbourg No. of course. local hierophants and Libyan and later kings as in the following table. 25 [1903] 197:111).C. Rec. suggests that this stela also depicts a Mendesian Chief of the Ma — if so. 25 — Dyn. BSFE 25 fig.27But the next generation — Smendes shifted its allegiance from the senior line ruling at Tanis in the east. Brooklyn 67. This content downloaded on Tue. then probably OsorkonIII) reigning closer by in Leontopolis to the south. 700? ca. Stela.

Behind her on the same low dais stands the youthful deity Heka (so named) with flail held horizontal in one hand This content downloaded on Tue. Facing right. the goddess Sekhmet stands upon a low dais.64 8 (1969-I970) JARCE Fig. four roughly-cut figuresoccupy the upper half of the stela. 4 and B Under the winged disk. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . she holding a "Nefertem" sceptre.119 Stela 67 no III (PL Figs. B Text of Brooklyn Stela 67. a solar disk crowns her leonine head.

36 PM IV 50-51. and that the arm is di plus sp 2.39 various scholars have suggested that Kom el-Hisn (Imau) may have been the classical Momemphis.Building on this and respecting their true extent year by year. there being no balancing curses — unless one makes the unlikely assumption that such curses were once contained in a further line or lines now lost. seeming to rest upon a crescent. Les danses sacries (1963) 3-XI7> esP. which I adopt here. Sottas. cf. also Cairo J. This content downloaded on Tue. of the broad hall (of ?) the settlement.29(4) donated fields of 10 arourae to the Chief of Tjenfy-Dancers30 of Sekhmet the 31the Great. of the settlement Rb( ?)gr." with Rb( ?)gr as the name of the dancer. 33 Taking hn here as implying measuring-off the boundaries of the fields of the endowment correctly rightly?) the fields. 167 pl. Reallexikon der Agyptischen Religionsgeschichte (1952) 301-2. Yoyotte. god.The on place of origin is most certainly Kom Firin36 the western margin of the Delta.10. including bounds of a city (Akhetaten). 29 Assuming with Yoyotte that pi is the pronoun "he pertaining to" (as in Coptic) to express filiation. Yoyotte. Der Tanz im alien Agypten (1938) 78 with references. 38 Or even as Heka-pekhrod ("the child"). cit. 85647. or even of the settlement (dmi). On Hike. the chronological difference is small and of little effect. Rb(?)gr. AZ 56 [1920] 57-58 pl. 34 Restoration based on blessings like those of the smaller Dakhla stela (lines 11-12.38 The ancient names of Kom Firin are not yet known with certainty. These two individuals are named in the main text. PL III Fig. AZ 65 (1930) 83-84. Ti( ?)taru. Imau). on a further stela that also doubtless came from Kom Firin (Spiegelberg. B. and (shall) maintain this stela.C. While doubts have been expressed by Kees.]. . ."35 (8) on the(ir ?) fields which they COMMENTARY No major doubt exists over the date of this monument—Year 15 (or 17) of Shoshenq V of the 22nd Dynasty. (5) settlement. 3? ASAE 43 (1943) 75-Si pis. 31 An apparent cwtyt( ?) makes little sense. Professor Cerny suggests Year 15. V 380. . (3) The Great Chief of the Libu. Janssen. whose autographed Belegstellen show a dancing or walking lute-player in the Philaecitations as determinatives. 40-41. Fortunately. I-II.TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM and a crook against his breast in the other.37 honoursthe deities Sekhmet and Heka or Hike. that of either the chief of dancers.d. even if it were the personal name of the chief of dancers. From the right there advances a dignitary clad in a long robe and a short wig embellished with a vertical "Libyan plume/' With one hand he offers the hieroglyph for "fields". 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . 753 (or. 39 Article Real"Momemphis" in Pauly-Wissowa. 144 § 32 D end) was inclined to read the date as Year 17. 85647 line 4: ~ hpr. Wb. .Z2 As for those (6) who (shall) measure33(scil. He appears to be clad only in a long. JEA 54 [1968]. 751) B. der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft enzyklopddie XVI/i (1933) cols. 30 Wb. 4) runs: (1) "Regnal Year 1528under the Majesty of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt. cit. . For at Kom Firin was found the Cairo stela which also J. north-west from the better-known Kom el-Hisn (Eg. Lord of Appearings. cf. 28 The hieratic form is atypical for either a 5 or a 7. and Wild in Sources Orient ales VI. Presumably the blessing and the complete text ended with this line. also with arms uplifted in adoration. Ill 223. and Kees.f in hs n ntr n niwt. d'E. Sekhmet shall establish their children [. he of Didi ( ?). published by Bakir.11. Lady of the Two Lands. See Brunner-Traut. ca. 78-79).). 143 § 30 B. The main text (Fig. V. The disk on his head is probably lunar.e.cE. Shoshenq (V). For this verb used of groundmeasurement. La preservation de la Psammetichus funiraire propriite 156). i. and cities under siege (by Tuthmosis III and Piankhy). cf. (2) Son of Rec. ruler of Thebes. 32 Can be read as either Rbgr or Rsgr. the other is raised in worship. beloved of Amun. see Bonnet.58-59. op. op. cAkheperrec Setepenrec. after each inundation. Behind him walks a much smaller figure. Therefore.9-11.f (ASAE 43 [1943] 35 I am unable to read the latter part of this line. cf. and a donation of Year 34 of I (cf. one may tentatively suggest reading "Sekhmet (etc . full-fronted kilt and sports a thick tress of hair at the back of his otherwise bald ( ?) head. 25). (7) [they shall enjoy the favour (of)]34 Sekhmet. presumably a Libyan name.

41the ruler Ti( ?)taru of Brooklyn 67. cf. and the royal cartouches left blank. 730 <Ni>u-matipedB Ti( ?)taru Ker Ankh-Hor Te<fnakht> This table reveals a steady. perhaps symptomatic of that worthy's moves towards ascendancy overall. 936) or ca. both stelae contribute directly to the historical tableau of the Libyan era. 144-5 § 34 Doc.52 Besides the customary formulae. 42 Ibid. succession of Great Chiefs of the Libu. 731 ca.42The prince of Brooklyn 67.119 offers only blessings upon those who respect it. 50Ibid. n. Yoyotte.46 Brooklyn 67. both add to the evidence for the role of music in Egyptian cults: a flautist of Harpokrates and chief flautist of the Ram-god of Mendes.53 In 51 Onthis monument. Reign Approx. also those who will "measurethe fields" in stela 67. §§ 46-47 pl. 143 § 31 Doc. (Shoshenq V>51 ca. Shoshenq V (?) Yr. the present stela. 53Unless 67. Shoshenq V Yr. thus : Chief of Libu Niu-matiped A In-Amun-nif-nebu Document Ermitage 563043 Moscow 5647^ Nahman Coll. Bakir. Date B. and (in agreement with Yoyotte) a single-line succession of chiefs to whom other local rulers owed nominal allegiance. 19. Further documentation will alone provide the answers to these problems. 38. cit. 48Yoyotte. I:i. 43 Ibid. op.51 GeneralCommentson Both Stelae As emerges from the foregoing specific commentaries. E (Miiller. 37. I.119. 10.11947 Cairo Jd'E 3097248 Serapeum stela49 Buto stela50 dom of the West. Shoshenq I or III44 (ca.119 is but one of a whole series of Great Chiefs of the Libu. 144 § 33 Doc. C. cf. Shoshenq III ca. B (cf. n. 52For a harpist before the Sekhmet of Kom Firin. 143 § 30 Doc. Shoshenq V Yr. 2. Tefnakht's nameand rest of text was left incomplete. However. of its endowment. above). Prince of the King40 Gdographie de VEgypte ancienne I (1957) 59~6o.66 8 (1969-I970) JARCE premise. F. 145 § 34 Doc. 2 above). these sites and settlements in the Illrd Lower Egyptian nome all fall within the realm of the Great Chiefs of the Libu. 15. 749 ca. while Brooklyn 67. On Tefnakht grasping at the role of Great Chief of the Libu before Ankh-Hor ceased to hold it. 142-3 § 29 Doc. G (Theban). Shoshenq V Yr. 45Ibid. 44 Depending on whether or not Hedjkheperre* is really Shoshenq I. 753 ca. As is evident from the data so admirably set out by Yoyotte.119 comes in the middle of the series. A. 31. 151-3. 46Ibid. these two monuments also offer further points of interest. ASAE 43 (1943) 83 pl. even rapid.119 should happen to be incomplete. cit. n. there is possibly a brief overlap between Ankh-Hor and Tefnakht. 153 n. cf. 795 (time for one or two more rulers) Yr. 760 (?) ca.C. Montet further hazarded the suggestion40that Kom Firin might be the Egyptian Hwt-ihyt and late classical Gynaecopolis. 41 Op. 142 ff. 816 Yr. ibid. Yr. Thus. 47See n. cf. 38.118 hands out both curses upon transgressors. 149-150.and blessings upon respectors. and at the end. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . 1 above. Stela 67. and a chief of dancers of the goddess Sekhmet. or a confusion of Takeloth II and Shoshenq III (Yoyotte). This content downloaded on Tue. they add some new turns of phrase for documents of this kind: "seek the welfare" of someone and to be "like a man of the gods" in stela 67. 49Ibid. 35 above. 8.118. Besides features that are typical of many donation stelae of the 22nd to 26th Dynasties.

(Schulman 58 The stela of Year of 5 Shoshenq III is unpublished (OIC 105 11). Ay. 68 Schulman nrs. 69 Schulman nr.118.62and in the 26th Dynasty under Necho and Amasis II. to be added as nr. insofar as it may be perceived from a total of 60 to 70 known stelae. 22 pl. Liverpool University a ASAE 43 (1943) 78-960 Schulman nr. Bakir stela.49). Note that his nrs. Ramesside In(1378.15). Kitchen. 66 Schulman nrs. and the Russian publications of Ermitage 5630 and Moscow 5647 are not available. JARCE 5 [1966] 33 ff. Schulman scriptions I/i 3-4). I.57 Stage III: Later 22nd Dyn. 12. J A RCE 5 (1966)39-41 — some sixty-eight items. to Yoyotte 125 Doc. trav. 30 (read Sharpe. ASAE 21 [192 1] 138-9 and 17 [1917] 43). "Year x of King 'Y'. 62 Schulman nr.55 and to the act of donation itself.TWO DONATIONSTELAEIN THE BROOKLYN MUSEUM 67 this respect. 51 (Janssen.119. In this period. This extended form of document continues under Shoshenq V. 9). 13).64 However. cited by Sottas. throughout this period.59 and then also with the reverse pattern—blessings then curses—on another stela of this reign. one also finds that many stelae retain the simpler pattern of dateline. The reign of Shoshenq III sees the extension of the genreto include dateline. So. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . Two Inscriptions to concerning Private Donations Temples (1941) 3-10. to 26th Dyn.54That development can be sketched as follows. of which about nine remain unpublished. V) and 67 (Schulman. 66 be assigned to Brooklyn 67. 61 Schulman nr. 63 Schulman nr. two others merely (Schulman dated to Takeloth Miamun' probably belong here nrs. 65 Schulman nr. both incomplete.". 36 (where we seem to have two stelae of Year 1 of Amasis : Daninos Pasha (Maspero. and nr. 61 (BSFE 25 [1958] fig. the earliest58published example is now Brooklyn 67.61 Piankhy (25th Dyn. 64 Schulman nrs. cartouches but no dateline.). Inscr. both stelae contribute to the literary development of such donation documents. Year 66 of Ramesses II from Koptos (Schulman nr. 67 Schulman nr. 69 to Schulman's list. act of donation.65 II. Year 9 (Schulman nr. 9 (at end of 66) is not the Abemayor stela but what is now Brooklyn 67. these two stelae add very usefully to our knowledge of their epoch. 158 and n. This includes (by mere coincidence?) all the preserved stelae dated by the 23rd Dynasty—Pedubast I. for Years 10. act of donation. one in Strasbourg nr. Such is Brooklyn 67. 4) to be added as nr.67 —few in any case. ASAE 15 [191 5] 144). 27. 4). 15 [1893] 86. ASAE 4 [1903]. Such are known under Osorkon II56 and Takeloth II. Peftjaucawybast68 Much rarer are stelae that append to their dateline and act of donation only blessings and not curses.69 Thus. 16. 10 (Daressy. I "30» 33.). 70 to Schulman's list. the invaluable list of donation stelae given by Schulman. two identical undated stelae of Ramesses II from Abu Simbel (Schulman nrs. 45327 (Schulman nr. Year 1 of Ramesses I. Rec.63Apries. Year 3 (Urk. 45. Year 25 nr. 53 (Spiegelberg. Iversen. 31.118 (Year 22). etc. 47 (Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca VI pl. pl.60 This reverse pattern henceforth became standard for the full formula. 14. 1 as then unpublished). Stage I: New Kingdom.118. 56 Cairo J. 41. Sottas. Abemayor can remain as 62. and one at Karnak (Legrain. 54) . d'E. 55 I. 11. 68 (Daressy. the dateline and act of donation are now usually followed by curses on would-be transgressors. This content downloaded on Tue. 7 (Legrain. cit. as can be seen from examples dated in the reigns of Tefnakht (24th Dyn. At present. 25— 25A). 57 Takeloth II. with curses and blessings on the 54 Cf . IV 2109-10). op. JEA 54 [1968] 165—172 pis. Preservation. Stage II: Early 22nd Dynasty (Shoshenq I to Takeloth II). Rec. 157-8). from Shoshenq III to Amasis II. and curses. ASAE 7 [1906] 226-7). trav. 25 [1903] 190-3). 3). no curses). and Berlin 14998. the only other is perhaps one from Year 8 of Tanutamun. curses on transgressorsand now blessings on respectors of the act. Kitchen.66 Iuput I. The few examples from this epoch restrict their text to a dateline. their special class and to various details of Egyptian culture in several respects. 62 and 66 are the same stela — except that the ref. 182-3. their value is not measurable by their modest size or inelegant scripts.e.

i Brooklyn 67.TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM Fig. 29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .118 (Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund) Stela of Regnal Year 22 of King Shoshenq III This content downloaded on Tue.KITCHEN.

29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .118 (light from right) This content downloaded on Tue.KITCHEN. 2 Main Text of Brooklyn Stela 67.TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM Fig.

29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .KITCHEN. TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM Fig.118 (light from left) This content downloaded on Tue. 3 Main Text of Brooklyn Stela 67.

29 Jan 2013 13:00:37 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . 4 Brooklyn 67. TWO DONATIONSTELAE IN THE BROOKLYNMUSEUM Fig.119 (Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund) Stela of Regnal Year 15 of King Shoshenq V This content downloaded on Tue.KITCHEN.

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