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ENERGY SOURCES FOR PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE NOTES

1. Explain the role of the following within the human body:

Energy Nutrients
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Carbohydrates
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Fats
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Protein
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2. Complete the following table


FUEL
CARBOHYDRATE

FAT

PROTEIN

STORED AS
a)
Glycogen
Excess stored as fat
d)
Triglycerides
Adipose tissue
g)

SITE
Blood
b)
c)
Blood
e)
f)
Around the body

3. Explain the following terms.

ATP
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Aerobic Lipolysis
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Aerobic Gylcolysis
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Anaerobic glycolysis

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4. Describe the relationship between fuel use and the following:


Short duration/long duration exercise
Low intensity/high intensity exercise
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5. Explain one advantage and one disadvantage of using fat as an energy
source.
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6. What term is used to describe in period in time when carbohydrate stores are
depleted?
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7. How would an athlete feel if they have reached the above mentioned state?
And why would they feel this way?
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8. What are two strategies an athlete could employ to avoid entering this state?
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9. What is Alactacid?
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10.Describe the intensity and duration of exercise where the ATP-CP system
would be dominant:
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11.List two specific athletic events (tack or field) that would rely predominantly
on the ATP-CP system for energy requirements:

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12.Explain the following terms:

Pyruvic acid
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Lactacid
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13.Describe the intensity and duration of exercise where the lactic acid system
would be dominant.
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14.Explain the terms
Sub-maximal exercise
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Steady state
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15.Describe the intensity and duration of exercise where the oxygen system
would be dominant.
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16.What is the difference for between aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis.
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17.Explain the following terms:
Vo2 Max
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Anaerobic threshold/OBLA

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18.Why is OBLA a more accurate term than anaerobic threshold?
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19.Explain the following terms.
Oxygen deficit
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EPOC
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20.With specific reference to energy systems, consider why it is beneficial for a


5000m runner to:
Perform a warm up prior to the start of a race?
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Remain at or below their anaerobic threshold for the majority of the


race?
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Participate in low-level physical activity after the race?


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