SEC 

   

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY  2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

 

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2  × 300 MW – Anthracite Coal Fired Power Station 
 

                             

Turbine & Auxiliaries

Operation Manual

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Rev.: A

SEC 

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL  INDEX

1 Scope ........................................................................... 4 2 Specific quoting documents ......................................................... 4 3 Technical Specification ............................................................. 4 3.1 3.2 Turbine Technical Specification ................................................... 4 Auxiliary Equipment Technical Specification ......................................... 5

4 Rated Parameter and Interlock Protection of Turbine and Its Auxiliaries. ................. 15 4.1 4.2 4.3 Turbine Interlock Protection ...................................................... 15 Interlock Protection of Auxiliary Equipment ......................................... 16 Rated Parameter ............................................................... 26

5 Turbine Start-up .................................................................. 29 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Basic Regulation ............................................................... 29 Acceptance after Overhaul ....................................................... 30 Test after Overhauling .......................................................... 31 Inspection and Preparation before startup ......................................... 36 Unit Cold Startup ............................................................... 39 Hot Startup .................................................................... 46

6 Monitoring and Adjusting during Operation ........................................... 51 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Work Scope and Purpose of Operation Adjusting ................................... 51 Main Parameters and Limitation of Operation Control ................................ 51 Monitoring and Maintenance during Turbine Operation .............................. 56 Control Mode of Turbine Operation ............................................... 57

7 Turbine Shutdown ................................................................ 58 7.1 7.2 Basic Regulation ............................................................... 58 Preparation before Turbine Shutdown ............................................. 58

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 1

Rev.: A

SEC 
7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 9 9.1

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Sliding Parameter Shutdown ..................................................... 59 Normal Shutdown .............................................................. 62 Emergency Shutdown ........................................................... 62 Maintenance after Shutdown ..................................................... 63 Turbine Auxiliaries ................................................................ 64 Basic Regulation of Auxiliaries Operation .......................................... 64 Motor Operation ................................................................ 67 Auxiliaries Equipment and System Startup/Shutdown and Operation Maintenance ...... 69 Equipment Periodical Test and Shifting ............................................. 109 Equipment Periodical Test and Shifting ........................................... 110

10 DEH Operating Procedures ...................................................... 112 10.1 The DEH control system for 6 units in this projection is electro-hydraulic control system which adopts DCS system introduced from Westhouse Process Control Co., ltd; the hydraulic pressure part adopts high pressure fire-resistant oil; governor valves will be controlled by DEH through electro-hydraulic converter. ................................................... 112 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Functions of DEH control system include: ........................................ 112 Working Principle ............................................................. 113 Control Mode ................................................................ 113 DEH Control and Operation .................................................... 114

11 Accident Disposal .............................................................. 118 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Accident Disposal Principle .................................................... 118 Turbine Emergency Shutdown ................................................. 119 Turbine Operation Parameter Abnormity ......................................... 120 Turbine Water Induction ....................................................... 125 Axial displacement increasing. ................................................. 126 Turbine overspeed............................................................ 127 Abnormity unit vibration. ....................................................... 128

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 2

Rev.: A

SEC 
11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Condenser Vacuum Decrease ................................................. 130 Abnormity Working of Lube Oil System .......................................... 133 EH oil system failure ......................................................... 134 Turbine Blade Broken ........................................................ 135 Load change suddenly. ....................................................... 136 Plant power cut ............................................................. 138 Fire Accident................................................................ 140 Auxiliaries Failure ........................................................... 140

Appendix A Recommendation Value for Speed Maintenance .................................. 155 Appendix B Parameter for Front Main Stop Valve Startup .................................... 157 Appendix C Parameter Requirement of Reheat Steam ....................................... 159 Appendix D Guide of No-load and Low Load Operation ..................................... 161 Appendix E Recommendation Value of Hot Start ........................................... 162 Appendix F Recommendation of Load Change (Fixed Pressure) ............................... 164 Appendix F Recommendation of Load Change (Sliding Pressure) .............................. 166 Appendix H Cooling Time High Pressure Cylinder.......................................... 168 Appendix I Curve of Gland Seal Temperature Difference and Stator Life ........................ 170 Appendix J Circulating Index .......................................................... 172

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 3

Rev.: A

SEC 
1

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Scope The turbine operating manual for N300 - 16.7/538/538 turbine and its auxiliary is herein

prepared to specify the technical standard of the main technical character, equipment specification, protection and interlock, operating, maintenance and fault disposal. The operating manual is applicable for start-up, shut down, maintenance and fault disposal of 2×300MW Unit of Guang Ninh Thermal Power Joint Stock Company Phase 1.
2

Specific quoting documents The clauses which are stated in the following documents are considered as the clauses of this

manual. The documents which marked with time, its later revised sheet or edition shall not be applied to this manual; however, the parties who made the agreement are encouraged to study if the updated edition can be accepted. For the document without marking, the updated edition document shall be applied. DL/T 609 - 1996 Guide for 300MW grade steam turbine operation DL/T 612 - 1996 Inspection code for boiler and pressure vessel of the power industry DAS(1994)277 Code of Power Safety Construction (Section: thermodynamics and mechanism) DL 558-94 Procedures of Power Construction Accident Investigation

DL558-94 – 95 Guides for Chemical Supervision of Water and Steam in Thermal Power Plants GB/T 12145-1999 SD223-87 GB7596-87 Quality criterion of water and steam for steam power equipment

Guide for lay-up of thermal power equipment in fossil fuel power plant Quality criteria of turbine oil in service for power plants

Guodianfa (2000)589 the 25 Key Requirements to Avoid Serious Accident in Power Construction As well as the manufacturer’s equipment documents and design documents.
3

Technical Specification

3.1 Turbine Technical Specification NAME MODEL TYPE RATE OUTPUT TMCC RATE MODEL AND SPECIFICATION N300-16.67/538/538 SUBCRITICAL INTERMEDIATE REHEAT CONDENSING TURBINE 300MW 315MW

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 4

Rev.: A

SEC 
NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION 16.67MPa(a) 538℃ 956.7t/h 8.20kPa(a) 3000r/min CLOCKWISE SEE FROM TURBINE TO GENERATOR

PRESSURE TMCC REGIME MAIN STEAM CONDITION TEMPERATURE MASS FLOW RATE BAKE PRESSURE RATE SPEED ROTATION DIRECTION

3.2 Auxiliary Equipment Technical Specification NUMBER 1 NAME MAIN LUBE OIL TANK MODEL AND SPECIFICATION V=39m3 VOLUME V=39m3 UNIT NUMBER 1# 2# 1 MANUFACTURE REMARK SUPPLIED WITH STC SMOKE EXTRACTOR EXHAUST FAN Type:2FDHB-14-1 SET 2 MODEL NUMBER: 2FDHB-14-1 EXHAUST DEMAND 14 m3/h YN-MAB206 MODEL NUMBER: YN-MAB206 SET 1 1 YANGZHONG HUANENG ELECTRIC POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD 3 JACKING OIL PUMP SET 2 2 SUPPLIED WITH STC MOTOR 15KW 400V 145r/min SET 2 2 SUPPLIED WITH STC 4 LUBE OIL COOLER MODEL NUMBER: NT150L B-10 COOLING WARTER SET 2 2 SUPPLIED WITH STC 2 SUPPLIED WITH STC

SET 1

2

LUBE OIL PURIFIED EQUIPMENT

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 5

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION DEMAND: 220t/h HEAT EXCHANGER AREA 198.44m2 NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK

5

DEH CONTROL OIL EQUIPMENT

OIL FILLING VOLUME 1000L

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH STC

6

TURBINE TURNING DEVICE

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH STC

7

GLAND STEAM CAPACITY: 1080 CONDENSER FAN m3/h

SET 2

2

SUPPLIED WITH STC

MOTOR

7.5KW 415V MODEL NUMBER: YB132S2-2

SUPPLIED WITH STC SET 1 1 SUPPLIED WITH STC

8

GLAND STEAM CONDENSER

MODEL NUMBER: QL-110-2

9

SEAL OIL SUPPLY UNIT

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH SGC

10

AIR SIDE DRAIN REGULATOR

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH SGC

11

VAPOUR EXHAUST EXHAUST DEVICE CAPACITY 0.19~ 0.27 m3/s MOTOR 3.0KW 400V 50Hz MODEL NUMBER: YB100S-2

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH SGC

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH SGC

12

STATOR COOLER COOLER WATER WATER SUPPLY FLOW: 55m3/h DEVICE

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH SGC

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 6

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER 13 NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION INLET STEAM PARAMETER: 17.50MPa 548℃ 300t/h OUT STEAM PARAMETER: 4.4MPa 350℃ 334.2t/h DESUPERHEAT WATER PARAMETER: 28MPa 185℃ 105.6t/h NUMBER 1# 2# 1

UNIT

MANUFACTURE SHANGHAI CCI POWER CONTROL EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

REMARK

HYDRAULIC HP BY PASS EQUIPMENT

SET 1

14

HYDRAULIC LP BY INLET STEAM PASS EQUIPMENT PARAMETER: 4.4MPa 548℃ 334.2t/h OUT STEAM PARAMETER: 0.8MPa 175℃ 420.9t/h DESUPERHEAT WATER PARAMETER: 3.20MPa 38℃ 233.6t/h

SET 2

2

SHANGHAI CCI POWER CONTROL EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

15

HP HYDRAULIC STATION

SUPPORTED WITH SET 1 HP BY PASS EQUIPMENT

1

SUPPLIED WITH EQUIPMENT

16

LP HYDRAULIC STATION

SUPPORTED WITH SET 1 LP BY PASS EQUIPMENT

1

SUPPLIED WITH EQUIPMENT

17

CONDENSER

MODEL NUMBER:N-18000 SURFACE CONDENSER

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 7

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION CONDENSER VALIDITY HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 18000 m2 CIRCULATING WATER FLOW : 42800t/h NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK

18

TURBINE FLASH TANK I

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH CONDENSER

19

TURBINE FLASH TANK II

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH CONDENSER

20

NO.8 HP HEATER MODEL NUMBER: JG-1025-3-3 HORIZONTAL FORM HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 1025m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

21

NO.7 HP HEATER MODEL NUMBER: JG-1110-3-2 HORIZONTAL FORM HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 1110m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

22

NO.6 HP HEATER MODEL NUMBER: JG-885-3-1 HORIZONTAL FORM HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 885m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

23

DEAERATOR AND MODEL NUMBER: STORAGE TANK GC-1180/GS-120 HORIZONTAL

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 8

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION DEAERATOR RATE POWER: 1180t/h RESERVOIR USEFUL VOLUME: 120 m3 NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK

24

NO.4 LP HEATER

MODEL NUMBER: JD-580-9-4 HORIZONTAL HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 580m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

25

NO.3 LP HEATER

MODEL NUMBER: JD-530-4-2 HORIZONTAL FORM HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 430m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

26

NO.1 LP HEATER

NO.2:MODEL NUMBER: JD-840-6-1 HORIZONTAL FORM HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 840m2 NO.2:MODEL NUMBER: JD-740-6-2 HORIZONTAL HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 740m2

SET 1

1

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

27

FEED WATER PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: 300DCS4M 441.35t/h 19.65MPa(a)

SET 3

3

EBARA BOSHAN PUMPS CO.,LTD EBARA BOSHAN

28

BOOSTER PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: 300×200KS 63

SET 3

3

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 9

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION 521.35t/h 1.02MPa(a) NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE PUMPS CO.,LTD

REMARK

MOTOR

MODEL NUMBER: YKS800-4 5250KW 6.6kV 1493rpm

SET 3

3

SUPPLIED WITH FEED WATER PUMP

COUPLING

GCH103A-47 MODEL NUMBER: GCH103A-47

SET 3

3

SUPPLIED WITH FEED WATER PUMP

29

LUBE OIL COOLER

MODEL NUMBER: BEM550-70-1.0 HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 70m2

SET 3

3

SUPPLIED WITH FEED WATER PUMP

30

WORK OIL COOLER

MODEL NUMBER: BEM700-120-1.0 HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 120m2

SET 3

3

SUPPLIED WITH FEED WATER PUMP

31

CONDENSATE PUMP

VERTICAL TORCH SET 2 MODEL MODEL NUMBER: NLT350-400X5 Q=864 m3/h TURNDOWN H =259mH2O

2

SHANGHAI KSB PUMP CO.,LTD

MOTOR

710kW 6.6kV

SET 2

2

SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

32

MECHANICAL VACUUM PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: 200EVMA SUCTION POWER: Q=39m3/min

SET 2

2

HEIJIAN VACUUM PROJECT (SHANGHAI) CO.,LTD

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 10

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME MOTOR

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION MODEL NUMBER: Y-355L-10 132kW 400V NUMBER 1# 2# 2

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK SUPPLIED WITH VACUUM PUMP

SET 2

33

WATER BOX VACUUM PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: SET 2 2BV05 131 OKC000 SUCTION POWER: Q=10m3/min

2

JINASHI MECHANICAL CO.,LTD

MOTOR

MODEL NUMBER: Y2 160M-4 POWER: 11KW 400V 50HZ

SUPPLIED WITH VACUUM PUMP SET 2 2 CHANGSHA WATER PUMP CO.,LTD

34

CLOSED CYCLE MODEL NUMBER: COOLING WATER 20SAP-10 PUMP Q=2000m3/h H=45mH2O MOTOR MODEL NUMBER: YKK4504-6 400kW 6600V 980rpm

SET 2

2

SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

35

CLOSED CYCLE MODEL NUMBER: COOLING WATER SJ-1530-1 COOLER HEAT EXCHANGE AREA: 1580m2

SET 2

2

SHANGHAI POWER EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

36

CLOSED CYCLE VOLUME: 30m3 COOLING WATER EXPANSION TANK CONDENSATE STORAGE TANK V=300m3

SET 1

1

JINAN PRESSURE VESSEL CO.,LTD SPECIAL ORDER CHANGSHA WATER PUMP CO.,LTD

37 38

SET 1 SET 1

1 1

CONDENSATE MODEL NUMBER: TRANSFER PUMP 10SAP-4 Q=250m3/h H=78.4mH2O

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

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SEC 
NUMBER NAME MOTOR

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION MODEL NUMBER: Y280M-4 90kW 400V 1480rpm NUMBER 1# 2# 1

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

SET 1

39

OPEN CYCLE WATER PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: 28SAP-25 Q=3600m3/h H=12mH2O

SET 2

2

CHANGSHA WATER PUMP CO.,LTD

MOTOR

MODEL NUMBER: Y2-355L2-10 160kW 400V 590rpm

SET 2

2

SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

40

OCCW STRAINER MODEL NUMBER: DL-3600-YNGN CLARIFICATION FLOW: 3600t/h

SET 1

1

WUXI HONGXIANG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

MOTOR

MODEL NUMBER: Y90S-6 420V

41

SPONGE BALL MODEL NUMBER: CLEANING PUMP 125JQ-15 FLOW: 90m3/h H=15mH2O MOTOR MODEL NUMBER: Y160M-4 11kW 400V 1460rpm

SET 2

2

WUXI HONGXIANG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD SUPPLIED WITH SPONGE BALL EQIPMENT

SET 2

2

42

BALL STRAINER

MODEL NUMBER: SF-1800

SET 2

2

WUXI HONGXIANG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 12

Rev.: A

SEC 
NUMBER NAME MOTOR

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION 400V 1.5kV 20rpm NUMBER 1# 2# 2

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK SUPPLIED WITH SPONGE BALL EQIPMENT

SET 2

43

BALL COLLECTOR MODEL NUMBER: B ZQ-24

SET 2

2

WUXI HONGXIANG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD SUPPLIED WITH SPONGE BALL EQIPMENT

MOTOR

400V 0.5kW 1rpm

SET 2

2

44

SECOND STRAINER

HORIZONTAL FORM MODEL NUMBER: EDF-1800IV WATER RESISTANCE: 500mmH2O DESIGN PRESSURE: 0.60MPa(g)Q=16500 m3/h

SET 2

2

WUXI HONGXIANG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

45

LUBE OIL STORGE TANK

100m3

SET 1

1

YANGZHONG HUANENG ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD

46

LUBE OIL VOLUMEQ=30m3/h SET 1 TRANSFER PUMP HEAD H=50mH2O CAVITATION MARGIN 4.83m MOTOR MODEL NUMBER: SET 1 YB132S-4 POWER:

1

EQUIPMENT NO ORDER NOW

1

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 13

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SEC 
NUMBER NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION 5.5KW NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE

REMARK

47

PIPE DRAIN FLASH TANK

VERTICAL FORM V=2.59 m3

SET 1

1

JINAN PRESSURE VESSEL CO.,LTD EQUIPMENT NO ORDER NOW EQUIPMENT NO ORDER NOW

48

AUXILIARY 1.60MPa 356.2℃ STEAM MANIFOLD DESUPERHEATER 3.6t/h OF AUXILIARY 356.2/240℃ STEAM TO OIL STORAGE AREA HEATING AND TRACING DESUPERHEATER 5.4t/h AND 1.6/1.0MPa(g) DECOMPRESSOR 356.2/230℃ OF AUXILIARY STEAM TO OIL ATOMIZATION AND BURNERS DESUPERHEATER 6.9t/h 1.6/0.6MPa AND 356.2/200℃ DECOMPRESSOR OF AUXILIARY STEAM TO GLAND STEAM SYSTEM CIRCULATING WATER PIT BLOWDOWN PUMP MOTOR MODEL NUMBER: 50CYL25-8 25 m3/h 8mH2O

SET 1

1

49

SET 1

50

SET 1

1

EQUIPMENT NO ORDER NOW

51

SET 1

1

EQUIPMENT NO ORDER NOW

52

SET 2

2

ZHENGJIANG CHANGKAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CO.,LTD SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

MODEL NUMBER: Y2100L2-4 3kW 400V 1450rpm

SET 2

2

53

CONDENSATE PUMP PIT BLOWDOWN

MODEL NUMBER: 40CYL10-8 10t/h 6mH2O

SET 1

1

ZHENGJIANG CHANGKAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

Page 14

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SEC 
NUMBER PUMP MOTOR NAME

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
MODEL AND SPECIFICATION NUMBER 1# 2#

UNIT

MANUFACTURE CO.,LTD

REMARK

MODEL NUMBER: Y90L-2-5 1.5kW 400V 1450rpm

SET 1

1

SUPPLIED WITH PUMP

4

Rated Parameter and Interlock Protection of Turbine and Its Auxiliaries. Turbine Interlock Protection

4.1

4.1.1 Manual governing protection: Valve will be closed locally or distantly to shutdown the equipment by closing high, medium pressure stop valves. 4.1.2 Overspeed tripping device: when the turbine turning speed achieves 111%(3330r/min), centrifugal stop bolt of emergency governor will bounce out to shutoff oil pressure, and then diaphragm valve action to release oil pressure of ETS which results in turbine shutdown by HP/IP stop valve and governing valve closure. 4.1.3 When the following monitoring items achieve setting valve, AST solenoid valve will act to close HP/IP stop valve and governing valve which results in equipment auto-shutdown. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 ITEM Lube oil pressure: low EH oil pressure: low axial displacement increased Condenser vacuum degree: low Turbine turning speed achieved 111% of rated speed Differential expansion increase MPa MPa mm KPa r/min mm UNIT SETTING VALUE 0.045 9.31 ±1 80.7 3330 15.92 1.12 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Turbine radial vibration HP cylinder exhaust temperature: high HP cylinder pressure ratio: low DEH power failure Action of main protection for generator-transformer unit Boiler MFT SCS shutdown mm ℃ 0.254 427 1.7

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

4.1.4 OPC protection: OPC solenoid valve action under the following condition: HP/IP governor valve closed rapidly; OPC resets when the turbine turning speed less then 103% of rated value. 4.1.4.1 Turbine turning speed achieved 103% of rated value( 3090rpm); 4.1.4.2 Turbine load is more than 30% of rated value, or load presents “0” all of a sudden. 4.2 Interlock Protection of Auxiliary Equipment NO. ITEM SETTING VALUE UNIT ACTION DESCRIPTION

Main Steam and Reheat Steam System 1 2 3 4 5 Unit actual power generated Unit actual power generated HP exhaust pressure: High HP bypass water spray pressure: low LP bypass water spray pressure: low Water level of HP cylinder exhaust check valve in front of HP cylinder exhaust check valve: HH Water level of HP cylinder exhaust check valve in front of HP cylinder exhaust check valve: H Water level of drain bag back of HP cylinder exhaust check valve: HH Water level of drain bag back of HP cylinder exhaust check valve: H Drain bag water level of cold reheat steam pipe: HH Drain bag water level of cold reheat steam pipe: L Turbine HP cylinder exhaust temperature: H Turbine HP cylinder exhaust pressure: H ≥30(10%) ≥60(20%) ≥4.8 ≤9 ≤2 MW MW MPa MPa MPa HP drain valve on/off LP drain valve on/off Alarm warning Alarm warning LP bypass locked Drain valve interlocked startup

6

≥2/3H

7

≥1/2H

Alarm warning

8

≥2/3H

Drain valve interlocked startup

9

≥1/2H

Alarm warning Drain valve interlocked startup Alarm warning ℃ MPa Alarm warning Alarm warning

10 11 12 13

≥2/3H ≥1/2H ≥427 ≥3.99

Date 2008-09-15

No. : QN1-SEC-G-04-TP-002

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NO. Condensate System 1

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION

ITEM

SETTING VALUE

UNIT

Condensate pump outlet manifold pressure Pressure difference of condensate pump A filter screen: H Pressure difference of condensate pump B filter screen: H Pressure difference of demineralizer: H Inlet filter screen pressure difference of condensate transferpump: H Inlet filter screen pressure difference of deaerator re-circulating pump: H Condenser hot-well water level: HH Condenser hot-well water level: low low Deaerator water level: low Deaerator water level: low low Deaerator water level: High

≤1.1

MPa

Alarm warning

2

≥50

Kpa

Alarm warning

3

≥50

Kpa

Alarm warning

4

≥0.3

MPa

bypass cut

5

≥60

Kpa

Alarm warning

6

≥0.2

MPa

Alarm warning Make-up water valve interlocked Alarm warning Alarm warning Deaerator make-up water valve open Alarm warning Overflow open, HP heater drain valve closed; inlet exhaust valve closed. Alarm warning Alarm warning/pump tripped Alarm warning I/Ⅱ

7 8 9 10 11

≥1020 ≤300 ≤2500 ≤1600 ≥2900

mm mm mm mm mm

12

Deaerator water level: HHH

≥3200

mm

13 14

Deaerator water level: HHH Motor bearing temperature of condensate pump: H/HH Motor winding temperature of condensate pump: H/HH

≥3200 ≥70 / ≥80

mm ℃

15

≥120 / ≥130

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION Alarm warning Recirculating valve interlocked startup Recirculating valve interlocked shutdown

ITEM Condensate flux: low Condensate flux: low

SETTING VALUE ≤280 / ≥400 ≤280

UNIT t/h t/h

18

Condensate flux: high

≥400

t/h

Shaft gland System 1 2 Axial exhaust fan inlet pressure: H Steam cooler water level of Shaft gland: H ≥-0.5 ≥88 KPa mm Exhaust fans linkage Alarm warning

Turbine Vacuum System Alarm warning/standby vacuum pumps linkage Tripped Spray water open Spray water open Vacuum pump inlet butterfly valve interlocked startup Alarm warning Alarm warning

1

Condenser vacuum: low

≥-87

KPa

2 3 4

Condenser vacuum: low Flash tank temperature of HP heater emergency drain: H Flash tank temperature of turbine drain: H Pressure difference of butterfly valve inlet/outlet of vacuum pump inlet vacuum pump separator liquid level: H vacuum pump separator liquid level: L

≥-79.7 ≥80 ≥80

KPa ℃ ℃

5

≥3

Kpa

6 7

≥220 ≤-30

mm mm

Turbine Lube System 1 2 3 4 Intake pressure of jacking oil: low Inlet pressure of jacking oil pump: H Outlet pressure of jacking oil pump: L Outlet pressure of jacking oil pump: L ≤0.021 ≥0.048 ≤8 ≤4.2 MPa MPa MPa MPa Start-up condition Alarm warning Interact with Standby pump Turning Gears tripped

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION Interact with AC oil pump DC oil pump interact with HP standby seal oil pump Tripped Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning(zero position is 1333mm away from top of oil tank) Alarm warning

ITEM Bearing oil pressure: L

SETTING VALUE ≤0.075

UNIT MPa

6

Bearing oil pressure: L

≤0.07

MPa

7 8 9

Bearing oil pressure: low Lube oil tank temperature: low Lube tank liquid level: low low

≤0.048 ≤21 ≤1/3H

MPa ℃

10

Lube tank liquid level: high

≥152

mm

11

Lube tank liquid level: low

≤-152

mm

Stator Cooling Water System 1 2 3 4 Make-up water flux (generator): H Conductivity of ion exchanger outlet water: H Inlet water conductivity of stator winding: H Inlet water conductivity of stator winding: HH Liquid water level of stator cooling water tank: H ≥15 ≥1.5 ≥5 ≥9.5 L/min μs/cm μs/cm μs/cm Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning/water make-up valve open Alarm warning/water make-up valve open Alarm warning mm Alarm warning Alarm warning

5

700

mm

6

Liquid water level of stator cooling water tank: L Liquid level of generator leakage tester: H Liquid level of oil return control tank hydrogen side: L Oil level of fire fighting foam tank:

600

mm

7 8 9

≥2/3H ≤-100 ≥2/3H

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION

ITEM

SETTING VALUE

UNIT

Water tank liquid level of H2 dryer: H Inlet/outlet differential pressure of stator cooling water pump: L Inlet/outlet differential pressure of stator cooling water filter: H Inlet/outlet water differential pressure of stator winding: H Inlet/outlet water differential pressure of stator winding: L Inlet/outlet water differential pressure of stator winding: LL Differential pressure of generator hydrogen-water Differential pressure of air side seal oil and hydrogen: L Differential pressure of air side AC motor lubricating oil pump: L Differential pressure of hydrogen side seal AC motor lubricating oil pump: L Differential pressure of hydrogen side seal DC motor lubricating oil pump: L Differential pressure of hydrogen side seal oil filter: H Differential pressure of air side seal oil filter: H Cooling water flux of generator stator: L Cooling water tank pressure of stator: H Seal oil pressure: low Turbine oil pressure: low

≥2/3H ≤140 ≥40 ≥240 ≤140 ≤100 ≤35 ≤65 ≤35 Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa

Alarm warning Pump start-up interlock condition Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Electric protection Alarm warning Interact with AC oil pump Interact with DC oil pump Interact with DC oil pump

19

≤35

Kpa

20

≤35

Kpa

Alarm warning

21 22 23 24 25 26

≥50 ≥50 ≤45 ≥0.014 ≤0.035 ≤0.49

Kpa Kpa m3/h MPa MPa MPa

Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm L. Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning, standby pump

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION start-up.

ITEM

SETTING VALUE

UNIT

27

Inlet pressure of seal oil smoke fan B: H Stator cooling water flux: L/LL Cooling water pressure of Generator stator winding: L/LL

≥-0.5

KPa

Interact with Pump Standby pump interlocked startup/tripped Alarm warning

28

≤45 /≤36

t/h

29

≤0.2/≤0.15

MPa

Open Circulating Water System 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Differential pressure of circulating water ball collector: H Differential pressure of circulating water inlet/outlet: H Differential pressure of circulating water motorized filter screen: H Motor bearing temperature of circulating water pump: H Circulating water manifold pressure: L Cooling water flux of circulating water pump Motor winding temperature of circulating water pump: H Liquid level difference of front/rear rotary filter screen ≥30 ≥50 ≥100 ≥75 / ≥80 ≤0.04 ≤3 ≥110 / ≥120 ≥400 Kpa Kpa Kpa ℃ MPa m3/h ℃ mm Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Pump interlocked startup Alarm warning Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning

Closed Circulating Water System 1 Outlet manifold pressure of closed circulating cooling water pump: L Outlet manifold temperature of closed circulating heat exchanger: H Differential pressure of inlet filter screen of closed circulating cooling wtar pump: H ≤0.5 MPa standby pump interlocked startup

2

≥40

Alarm warning

3

≥50

Kpa

Alarm warning

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION Alarm warning /Pump shutdown Alarm warning

ITEM Liquid level of closed expension water tank: L/LL Liquid level of closed expension water tank:H

SETTING VALUE ≤1500 /≤500 ≥2000

UNIT mm mm

Water Feed Pump System 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Inlet oil temperature of hydraulic coupling working oil cooler: H Inlet oil temperature of hydraulic coupling working oil cooler: H Bearing temperature of hydraulic coupling: H Bearing temperature of hydraulic coupling: HH Outlet oil temperature of hydraulic coupling working oil cooler: H Inlet oil temperature of hydraulic coupling lube oil cooler: H Outlet oil temperature of hydraulic coupling lube oil cooler: H Motor cooler temperature of water feed pump: H Lube oil pressure of hydraulic coupling: H Lube oil pressure of hydraulic coupling: L Lube oil pressure of hydraulic coupling: H Lube oil pressure of hydraulic coupling: L Water feed pump inlet pressure: L Water feed pump inlet pressure: L Differential pressure of booster pump inlet filter screen of water ≥110 ≥130 ≥90 ≥95 ≥75 ≥65 ≥55 ≥55 ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ Alarm warning Electric pump tripped Alarm warning Ⅰ Alarm warning Ⅱ Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Auxiliary oil pump interlocked shutdown Auxiliary oil pump interlocked shutdown allowed to start-up pump Pump tripped Alarm warning Pump tripped (10s delay) Alarm warning

9

≥0.28

MPa

10

≤0.10

MPa

11 12 13 14 15

≥0.08 ≤0.05 ≤1.4 ≤0.9 ≥60

MPa MPa MPa MPa Kpa

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION

ITEM

SETTING VALUE

UNIT

Differential pressure of lube filter screen of water feed pump: H Differential pressure of seal water of water feed pump: L/LL Return water temperature of water feed pump sealing water: H Moblie side bearing temperature of water feed pump: H/HH Driving side and mobile side bearing temperature of booster pump of water feed pump: H/HH Thrust bearing inner side temperature of booster pump of water feed pump: H/HH Thrust bearing outer side temperature of booster pump of water feed pump: H/HH Driving side bearing temperature of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Thrust bearing inner side temperature of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Thrust bearing outer side temperature of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Coupling side bearing temperature of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Booster pump side bearing temperature of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Main motor stator winding A phase temperature 1 of motorized water feed pump: H/HH Inlet flux of motor water feed

≥60 ≤0.035/≤0.015 ≥80 ≥80 / ≥90

Kpa Mpa ℃ ℃

Alarm warning Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Alarm warning Ⅰ / Ⅱ Electric pump

20

≥75 /≥90

21

≥75 /≥90

22

≥75 /≥90

23

≥75 /≥90

24

≥80 /≥95

25

≥80 /≥95

26

≥80 /≥90

27

≥80 /≥90

28 29

≥110 /≥120 ≤140

℃ t/h

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NO. pump: LL

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION tripped if recirculating valve open failure after 10s delay. ≥190 ≤140 t/h t/h Recirculating valve interlocked Recirculating valve interlocked

ITEM

SETTING VALUE

UNIT

30 31

Inlet flux of motor water feed pump: H Inlet flux of motor water feed pump: L

EH Oil System 1 2 3 4 5 6 EH oil tank oil level EH oil tank oil level: LL/LL EH oil pressure: Low No.1 EH oil pressure: L EH oil tank temperature Pressure difference of EH oil tank oil filter inlet/outlet: H ≤438 / ≥560 ≤295 / ≤194 ≤9.31 ≤11.03 ≥60 / ≤21 ≥350 mm mm MPa Mpa ℃ Kpa Alarm warning Alarm warning /Pump trips Trip Alarm warning, standby EH oil pump interlocked Alarm warning Alarm warning

Heater Water Drain System 1 2 3 HP heater #1 water level: Low HP heater #1 water level: H HP heater #1 water level: HH ≤131 ≥207 ≥257 mm mm mm Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency valves interlocked startup Exhaust valve, check valve interlocked closure Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency valves interlocked startup Exhaust valve and check valve interlocked shutdown.

4 5 6 7

HP heater #1 water level: HHH HP heater #2 water level: Low HP heater #2 water level: H HP heater #2 water level: HH

≥307 ≤159.5 ≥235.5 ≥336.5

mm mm mm mm

8

HP heater #2 water level: HHH

≥385.5

mm

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency drain valve interlocked startup Exhaust motorized valve, check valve interlocked shutdown Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning Overflow open and HP drain closed. Alarm warning /exhaust inlet valve closed Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency valve opened Exhaust motorized valve, check valve interlocked shutdown Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency valve opened Exhaust motorized valve, check valve interlocked shutdown Alarm warning Alarm warning

ITEM HP heater #3 water level: Low HP heater #3 water level: H HP heater #3 water level: HH

SETTING VALUE ≤180 ≥256 ≥356

UNIT mm mm mm

12

HP heater #3 water level: HHH

≥486

mm

13 14 15 16

Deaerator water level: L Deaerator water level: LL Deaerator water level: H Deaerator water level: HH

≤2500 ≤1600 ≥2900 ≥3000

mm mm mm mm

17 18 19 20

Deaerator water level: HHH LP heater #5 water level: Low LP heater #5 water level: H LP heater #5 water level: HH

≥3200 ≤148.5 ≥224.5 ≥274.5

mm mm mm mm

21

LP heater #5 water level: HHH

≥312.5

mm

22 23 24

LP heater #6 water level: Low LP heater #6 water level: H LP heater #6 water level: HH

≤148.5 ≥224.5 ≥274.5

mm mm mm

25

LP heater #6 water level: HHH

≥312.5

mm

26 27

LP heater #7 water level: Low LP heater #7 water level: H

≤320 ≥396

mm mm

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ACTION DESCRIPTION Emergency valve opened Exhaust motorized valve, interlocked shutdown Alarm warning Alarm warning Emergency valve opened Exhaust valve interlocked

ITEM LP heater #7 water level: HH

SETTING VALUE ≥446

UNIT mm

29 30 31 32 33

LP heater #7 water level: HHH LP heater #8 water level: Low LP heater #8 water level: H LP heater #8 water level: HH LP heater #8 water level: HHH

≥484 ≤320 ≥396 ≥446 ≥484

mm mm mm mm mm

Generator Hydrogen Cooling System 1 Hydrogen cooler inlet temperature of generator excitation side: high ≥75 ℃ Alarm warning

2

Hydrogen cooler inlet temperature of generator steam side: high Generator hydrogen purity Generator hydrogen pressure: Generator hydrogen pressure

≥70

Alarm warning

3 4 5

≤96 ≥0.345 ≤0.303

% MPa MPa

Alarm warning Alarm warning Alarm warning

4.3 Rated Parameter NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Unit output Main steam flow Main steam pressure Main steam temperature Reheat steam pressure Reheat steam temperature Temperature difference between main steam and reheat steam Temperature difference of main ITEMS UNIT MW t/h MPa ℃ MPa ℃ ℃ ℃ RATED VALUE 300 956.7 16.67 538 3.28 538 41.6 <13.8

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ITEMS UNIT RATED VALUE

steam or reheat steam sides 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Governing Stage pressure HP exhaust pressure HP cylinder exhaust temperature LP cylinder exhaust temperature Condenser vacuum Axial displacement Expansion difference Journal vibration Shaft gland inlet steam pressure Steam temperature of Shaft gland manifold Temperature difference of HP/IP rotor Shaft gland mental and steam Oil level of EH oil tank Oil level of main oil tank Oil level of oil tank of water feed pump EH oil temperature Lube temperature Temperature of bearing bush #1-4 Temperature of bearing bush #5-7 Temperature of Thrust bearing bush Return oil temperature of bush #1-7 EH oil manifold pressure HP accumulator nitrogen pressure LP accumulator nitrogen pressure Lube pressure Inlet oil pressure of main oil pump Outlet oil pressure of main oil pump ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa ℃ ℃ kPa mm mm mm MPa ℃ ℃ mm mm 450-555 0±150 1/2 38-56.9 38-45 <90. <85 <85 <65 14.0 8.27-8.96 0.16-0.21 0.096-0.124 0.069-0.31 1.442-1.689 <0.076 0.027-0.038 121-177 11.1 3.654 318 <80 -91.8 <±0.9

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NO. 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ITEMS UNIT MPa MPa ℃ Pa MPa ℃ ℃ t/h mm MPa m3/day % ℃ MPa ℃ ℃ ℃ mm ℃ MPa mm mm 55 100-200 0.7 <10 >96 -5~-25 0.31 46 <2 40 <0.076 <41.6 0.05-0.75 2600±200 670-820 RATED VALUE 0.5-0.8 >Hydrogen pressure 0.084 38-45 ±490 0.035 45-50

Upper oil pressure of diaphragm valve Sealing tile inlet oil pressure Sealing tile inlet oil temperature Oil pressure difference of sealing tile empty side Generator hydrogen and water pressure difference Inlet water temperature of generator stator Outlet water temperature of generator stator Cooling water tank flux of generator stator Cooling water tank water level of generator stator Pressure of Generator hydrogen supply Generator hydrogen leakage Generator hydrogen purity Generator hydrogen humidity Generator hydrogen pressure Generator cold hydrogen temperature Cold hydrogen temperature difference of generator units Temperature of exciting machine inlet air Rotor eccentricity Temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder wall Deaerator pressure Deaerator water level Condenser water level

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5

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
ITEMS UNIT MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa mm >0.06 0.6-0.8 1500-1800 RATED VALUE

Pressure of open cooling water Closed cooling water pressure Output pressure of condensate pump Circulating water pressure compressed air manifold pressure Water level of closed water tank

Turbine Start-up Basic Regulation

5.1

5.1.1 The following operation will be organized by chief engineer and executed by relevant department manager, vice manager and manager assistant as well as department director, technical engineers and shift engineers of organization departments; 5.1.1.1 5.1.1.2 5.1.1.3 5.1.1.4 5.1.1.5 Units startup after installation or overhauling; Unit overspeed (oil filling ) Test; Unit load rejection test; Relevant parameter decision for unit shutdown; Startup after important improvement or the first tryout of new technology;

5.1.2 Synchronisation and startup is forbidden under the following condition: 5.1.2.1 5.1.2.2 All tachometers failure. Any turbine trip protection failure.

5.1.2.3 The governing system fails to operate turbine with no-load or the dynamic increasing speed after load rejection exceeds the action value of emergency tripping device. 5.1.2.4 HP/IP Automatic main stop valve, governor valve, HP cylinder exhaust check valv and exhaust check valves in each section operate abnormally or couldn’t fasten up. 5.1.2.5 Overspeed tripping test of emergency governor unqualified.

5.1.2.6 Main parameters fail to display or display abnormally and no monitoring method is available(main steam or reheat steam pressure, temperature, vacuum, EH oil pressure, seal oil pressure, axial displacement, rotor 5.1.2.7 H oil pump, AC/DC motor Lube pump, jacking oil pump and barring device operate abnormally. 5.1.2.8 The mental temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder in turbine HP outer cylinder governing stage area or IP cylinder clapboard area is higher than 45.6℃. 5.1.2.9 The deviation of rotor eccentricity at the original elevation phase is more than 0.02mm.

5.1.2.10 Barring device failure, barring doesn’t work or the current of barring exceeds limitation.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

5.1.2.11 Obvious mental grating or other abnormal noise is heard in turbine during barring. 5.1.2.12 Steam, water and oil quality nonconformity. 5.1.3 Start-up Principle 5.1.3.1 Unit cold start: mental temperature of turbine governing stage or the 1st stage stator blade carrier of IP cylinder<204℃. 5.1.3.2 Unit hot start: mental temperature of turbine governing stage or the 1st stage stator blade carrier of IP cylinder≥204℃. 5.1.3.3 During cold start, the inlet steam temperature shall have at least 56 ℃ overheat temperature, but the max. temperature shall not be exceeded 427℃. The steam temperature and pressure etc. before main stop valve shall be controlled within the scope specified in “Parameter for Front Main Stop Valve Startup”; Parameter of reheat steam shall be controlled within the scope specified in the “Parameter Requirement of Reheat Steam before main stop valve” curve. 5.1.3.4 During hot start, the inlet steam temperature shall have at least 56 ℃ overheat temperature , steam parameter shall meet the requirement of “main steam parameter select curve during startup”, speed increasing rate and 5% load warm up time shall be decided according to the 1st stage mental temperature of HP cylinder and “hot start curve”. 5.2 Acceptance after Overhaul

5.2.1 Site, road, rail, guard plate, fire fighting, lighting and communication in construction site shall satisfy the requirement of HACCP and EMS as well as commissioning; obvious warning mark and boundary shall be provided with. 5.2.2 Civil work and installation of equipment and system were completed and accepted. 5.2.3 Name plate have equipped on site systems, equipment and valves. Switching direction shall be complied with indication of control opening degree and local open degree. 5.2.4 Technical details instruction for new equipment, system and technical rebuild project shall be completed. 5.2.5 The acceptance of equipment static inspection, test running and commissioning have completed; acceptance documents are signed. 5.2.6 Hydraulic test and air pressure test of pipeline and container is accepted and the acceptance documents are signed. 5.2.7 Cooling water, lube oil, control oil system and steam pipes have flushed and satisfy the requirements. The lube oil quality for equipment shall be qualified with completed records. The inspection records for quality of pipeline water (oil) flushing are completed. 5.2.8 Motor turning direction, emergency button, bearing vibration, temperature increasing and grating operates normally in running test and commission. 5.2.9 Protection for each systems is qualified and in service. Interlock protection test and signal calibration test have inspected and inspection list and documents are signed completely. 5.2.10 Calibration of instruments and controllers are complete.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

5.2.11 Summary table of DCS (or PLC) relevant functions are complete. 5.3 Test after Overhauling 5.3.1 Turbine ETS system channel test 5.3.1.1 Turbine ETS system channel vacuum degree) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) test (Low EH oil pressure, low lube pressure, low

C&I group carry out ETS channel test on site; All warning lamp on ETS panel are off. Press button “Enter test” on ETS test panel to enter test mode; indicator lamp lights up; Press the function button for test to be carried out(e.g. Low EH oil pressure, low lube oil, low vacuum etc.), relevant indicator lamp on the panel light up; Press “channel 1” or “channel 2” as per relevant channel for test, then the relevant indicator lamp on the panel light up; Press “test confirmation” once to carry out test. All test channels are validated on action status (i.e. warning lamp of relevant channel light up) Press “Latch Test” to copy relevant action channel. The test channels are validated on non-tripping status (i.e. warning lamp of relevant channels are off), then press “exit test” button to exit test mode.

5.3.1.2 Electric overspeed tripping ETS system channel test a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Inform C&I to carry out ETS channel test on site; No alarm lamps light up on ETS test panel. Press button “Enter test” on ETS test panel to enter test mode; indicator lamp lights up; Press “OS 1” overspeed channel, channel indicator lamp of “OS 1” on the panel lights up; Press “TEST CONFIRM” button for testing: Channel alarming shown “Electric overspeed CH 1”; Press “LATCHED TEST” to copy corresponding action channel. If the channel warning lamp of “OS CH1” is off, then pressing “TEST OUT” button to exit the test mode. Channel test for “OS 2” and “OS 3” channel refer to the above test method.

5.3.1.3 Low lube pressure shutdown test a) b) c) d) e) AC motor lube oil pump and seal oil standby pump startup; EH oil pump startup; C&I group cancel low vacuum and MFT protection etc. ETS checking and no alarm warning; Latched to check the opening of IP main stop valve;

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f) g) h)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Open the oil inlet valve of low pressure tripping test block Open oil discharge access of test 63-1/LBO 与 63-3/LBO slowly; When oil pressure of #1 and #3 channels on the test block decreased to 0.07 MPa and 0.048 Mpa, warning lam of “ LBO pressure CH1” and “ LBO pressure CH3” on ETS panel light up; Open oil discharge access of test block 63-2/LBO 与 63-4/LBO slowly When oil pressure of #2 and #4 channels on the test block decreased to 0.048 Mpa, warning lam of “LBO pressure CH2” and “LBO pressure CH4” on ETS panel light up; AST solenoid valve de-energized, equipment trips and warning lamp of primary tripping signal “LBO” on ETS panel lights up; Oil discharge valve of test block closed;

i) j) k) l)

m) Pressure on oil pressure gauge recovers to the normal status. n) o) p) q) ”LBO pressure CH1” and ”LBO pressure CH3” warning lamps are off; ”LBO pressure CH2” and ”LBO pressure CH4” warning lamps are off; Warning lamp of primary tripping signal “LBO” is off, then to latch ETS panel. Test completed, system recovers to the normal status.

5.3.1.4 Low EH oil pressure shutdown protection test a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) AC motor lube oil pump startup and operate normally; Startup one of the EH oil pumps, and system operate normally; Low vacuum and MFT protection release by C&I No alarm warning when ETC checking; Latched, IP main stop valve opened; Open test block oil inlet valve of low EH oil pressure tripping test; Open oil discharge access of test block 63-1/LP and 63-3/LP slowly; When oil pressure of #1 and #3 channels on the test block decreased to 9.31 MPa, warning lam of “ EH oil pressure CH1” and “EH oil pressure CH3” on ETS panel light up; Open oil discharge access of test block 63-2/LP and 63-3/LP slowly; When oil pressure of #2 and #4 channels on the test block decreased to 9.31 MPa, warning lam of “ EH oil pressure CH1” and “EH oil pressure CH3” on ETS panel light up; 4 AST solenoid valves de-energized, equipment trips and warning lamps of primary tripping signal “LBO” on ETS panel light up. Close oil valve of test block;

m) Oil pressure of pressure gauge on test block should recover normal value; n) “EH oil pressure CH1”, “EH oil pressure CH3”, “EH oil pressure CH2”, “EH oil pressure CH4” and LP(EH oil pressure) warning lamp lights are off.

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o) p)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

ETS panel reset; Test completion and to recover the original operating method.

5.3.2 Overspeed tripping test 5.3.2.1 Overspeed tripping test shall be carried out under the following condition: a) b) c) d) e) After new unit installation or overhauling; governing system overhauling or adjusting; After 2000 hours continuously operating; Re-startup after one month shutdown; Before load rejection test.

5.3.2.2 OPC solenoid valve test a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) C&I group closes ETS and boiler MFT protection, ETC latched and no warning lamp lights up; C&I group startup DEH system; AC motor lube pump and seal oil standby pump startup and operate normally; One EH oil pump startup and operates normally; Compressed air system startup and operates normally; DEH system sets at “OPER AUTO” status, “OPER AUTO” button lights up; Turbine latch, GV, IV, RV, TV startup; OS protection switch sets in “TEST” mode; Press “OPC solenoid valve” test button, light lightening; GV1-6.IV1-2 shall close rapidly without jam fault. Meanwhile, exhaust steam valves shall be closed by linkage without jam fault; Press “ OPC solenoid valve” test button, light is off;

m) GV, IV and exhaust check valve should open; n) o) Recover the protections which released during the test; ”OS protection switch sets at “in service” status.

5.3.2.3 103% OS tripping test: a) b) c) d) e) Relevant test groups are ready for testing. Unit synchronization with 30MW load for 4 hours after the turning speed achieving 3000r/min; DEH system sets at “OPER AUTO” status; Load decreasing to 15MW according to regular load decreasing shutdown sequence; Electric group shutdown the generator;

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Set OS tripping switch on “TEST” status; Set target turning speed on DEH speeding-up image at 3100r/min; Speeding up rate sets at 50r/min; Press “ GO” button, light lightening; OPC protection shall be acted when turning speed achieve 3090r/min to close GV1-6 and IV 1-2; Record the OPC turning speed; DEH controller checking and the target turning speed value sets at 3000r/min;

m) GVIV shall be open automatically when actual turning speed approach target speed. n) o) Unit turning speed maintains at 3000r/min; Overspeed tripping switch sets at “input” position.

5.3.2.4 110% electric overspeed tripping test a) b) c) d) e) f) Relevant test groups are ready for testing. Unit synchronization with 30MW load for 4 hours after the turning speed achieving 3000r/min; The DEH system sets at “OPER AUTO” status; Loading decreased to 15MW; Electric group shutdown the generator DEH overspeed tripping test 1) C&I group closes ETS overspeed protection 2) ETS panel “overspeed cut” lights off 3) Pressure “OPC test” button in DEH; 4) Press button “Target Value”, lights up and the target turning speed sets at 3350r/min; 5) Speed increasing rate sets at 50/min, then press “ON”, lights on; 6) When turning speed achieved 3330r/min, electric overspeed tripping shall act to close TV RV GV IV rapidly. 7) to record the turning speed of protection action; 8) When turning speed decreased to 2950r/min, turbine shall latch and speedup to maintain the turning speed of 3000r/min. 9) C&I group startup ETS overspeed protection. b) ETS overspeed tripping test 1) C&I group closes DEH overspeed tripping; 2) Press “OPC test” button in DEH; 3) Press “target value”, light lightening; setting target turning speed at 3350r/min;

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4) Speed increasing rate sets at 50/min, then press “ON”, lights on; 5) When turning speed achieved 3330r/min, electric overspeed tripping shall act to close TV RV GV IV rapidly. 6) Record the turning speed of protection action; 7) When turning speed decreased to 2950r/min, turbine shall latch and speedup to maintain the turning speed of 3000r/min 8) C&I group startup DEH overspeed protection. c) Overspeed tripping test: 1) Manual tripping and electric overspeed tripping are qualified; 2) Turbine speed 3000r/min, main steam pressure 4.2-5.0MPa, temperature 330-380 ℃; 3) C&I group shuts down DEH and ETS overspeed protection. 4) Target turning speed sets at 3360r/min, speed increasing rate 50r/min; press “GO” button and the button lights up; 5) When turning speed achieved 3330r/min, electric overspeed tripping shall act to close TV RV GV IV rapidly; 6) Record the turning speed of protection action. 7) If mechanical overspeed tripping doesn’t work when the speed achieved 3360r/min, turbine shall be tripped by manual; Turbine is forbidden to be started-up until find out the failure reason. 8) OPC tripping switch, Overspeed tripping of DEH and ETS panel set at “in service” position; 9) Turbine recovers the speed of 3000r/min without abnormal and synchronize with load according to regular startup sequence. 10) Mechanical overspeed tripping test shall be carried out twice continuously under the same working condition with turning speed difference not more than 18r/min. 5.3.3 Oil filling test of emergency governor 5.3.3.1 This test will be carried out when turbine maintains the turning speed of 3000r/min under synchronization operation or tripping status; 5.3.3.2 Manual overspeed tripping test sets and holds at “TEST” position by test handle. 5.3.3.3 Open oil filing test valve slowly to observe the increasing of oil pressure; 5.3.3.4 Manual tripping handle will turns to “Tripping position” automatically, the oil pressure when handle tripped shall be recorded. 5.3.3.5 to close oil filling test valve; 5.3.3.6 The manual tripping handle shall be set at “NORMAL” position later after the pressure indicator points to “0”.

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5.3.3.7 Manual overspeed tripping test handle shall be released slowly to set at “OPERATION” position. 5.3.3.8 Compared the oil pressure of fly ball action in twice test, Causes shall be found out in case of pressure difference is too large. 5.3.4 Turbine DEH static test 5.3.4.1 5.3.4.2 5.3.4.3 5.3.4.4 Static shall be carried out before every cold start. The test shall be carried out before boiler ignition. Startup standby pump of seal oil, outlet oil pressure is 0.8~0.9MPa; EH oil pump startup and the EH oil pressure is normal;

5.3.4.5 DEH system starts up by C&I group and then switch to manual mode after normal operation. 5.3.4.6 5.3.4.7 C&I group starts up ETS system; C&I group release protection of low vacuum, low lube oil pressure and boiler MFT;

5.3.4.8 Local tripping handle is in normal position; the oil pressure of diaphragm valve shall be 0.5~0.8MPa; 5.3.4.9 Press “Latch” button on DEH panel, and IP main stop valves shall fully open;

5.3.4.10 Open and close the HP main stop valve by “Manual” mode. 5.3.4.11 Observe the switch of main stop valve; switch shall be smooth without jam fault. 5.3.4.12 Open and close HP and IP valves by “Manual” mode respectively; 5.3.4.13 Observe the switch of governing valves; switch shall be smooth without jam fault; 5.3.4.14 Test completed, turbine recovers to the original operating mode. 5.4 Inspection and Preparation before startup

5.4.1 Inspection and adjusting before startup 5.4.1.1 Unit overhaul is completed; relevant working order form is closed and submitted, meanwhile relevant parties related to small or large overhaul shall submit report of equipment checking, repair, modification and improvement. Operators shall participate section checking and overall cold acceptance according to the unit progress. 5.4.1.2 a) The inspection and acceptance shall be included: Safety measures for inspection and repair shall be removed or recovered; construction site shall be in order and clean without sundries and waste on the platforms, stairs, floor and equipment; stairs and rails shall be completed and firmed; trench shall be provided with cover plate; floor repair is completed; accesses are unblocked; insulation and lighting are complete and in good condition; adequate and compatible firefighting devices shall be provided at appointed position near key equipment and firefighting area. Equipment or vessels such as manhole, inspection hole shall be closed tightly after checking.

b)

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Connection of pipeline valves, dampers and baffles shall be in good condition; pipes marking and name plate of valves, damper and baffles shall satisfy the requirement; valve components is in good condition with complete bolts (Both ends of HP valves shall be welded ). Motor executor (gearing, servo machine, operating hand wheel, tie-rod and pin etc) shall be complete and firm; Motor wiring shall be firmly with smooth switch. Name plate, open degree and location mark shall be indicated clearly. Instruction test points, sampling device, pressure gauge, thermometer, water gauge (calibrated) and control protective device shall be complete in appointed position. The springs for spring safety valves shall be in good condition; No block plate on the positioning ring; escape pipe is complete and unobstructed; drain pipe shall be installed firmly. Expansion indicator for units shall be complete and firm with jam fault and sundries which might obstruct expansion, the indicator shall be marked in red and point to reference point. Water level indicator for deaerator, condenser, condensate make-up water tank and closed water expansion tank are normal. Valves operate smoothly without any leakage. Equipment insulation for all high temperature pipes and vessels shall be available in good condition with painting mark which is comply with Regulation for Electric Industry Technical Management; Arrows to shown the medium flow direction in the pipes shall be clearly painted. Appearance of rotary equipment and motor are normal; inspection valves are closed tightly; motor leading-in wire, earthing wire, bearing bolt, anchor bolt shall be complete and firm without loosening; safety measure removed; outdoor motor and ite cover shall be provided completely and installed correctly; Lube for bearing shall be adequate with good quality and clear oil level (oil level shall be 1/2 above the oil tank); oil and water pipe valve shall be connected in good condition; cooling water shall be unblocked without oil or water leakage; pressure gauges, thermoscopes, oil filters, oil coolers, heaters, speed measuring probes and pitot tubes (surge alarming devices) shall be installed firmly with nice wiring. Main Control Room and Control Panel 1) Main control room shall be provided with good lighting; emergency lighting system and communication system equipment is available normally; 2) Plant computer system operates normally; Display on CRT image is complied with the actual situation of equipment and actual display of instrument. 3) All instruments, record, signals, governors, indicators, highlight plates, operation switches, polling devices and alarm devices on operation panel shall be in good condition and put into service; the operation panel shall display normally, indicate correctly with complete panel symbol and the printer shall work in good condition. 4) Power supply shall be available normally for control, operating and instrument power such as relevant rotary equipment, electric solenoid valves, motorized valves, baffles etc. only operating power shall be provided to the rotary equipment which interlock test is required, drive power will be provided later after the completion of interlock test. 5) C&I system including control, monitoring, alarm, interlock and local control systems is normal and sets at “in service” position.

d)

e) f)

g)

h)

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6) C&I equipment DAS, DEH, SCS, TSI, indicator and signal device are complete and in good condition; power and gas resource are normal; 5.4.2 Auxiliary equipment commissioning and system operating 5.4.2.1 Equipment insulation is in good condition; couplings connect firmly with complete protective devices; power is provided already. 5.4.2.2 Emergency switch runs normally and reliably before commissioning with equipment.

5.4.2.3 Relevant C&I and electric personnel related to auxiliaries equipment commissioning and principle of overhaul shall be participated in the commissioning. Working order form of commissioned auxiliary equipment shall be submitted or closed or marked with “commissioning approved” in the remarks area by working order form personnel in charge. 5.4.2.4 The continuous running time of main auxiliary equipment shall be more than 4 hours to verify its reliability. 5.4.2.5 HP auxiliary switching circuit test is qualified.

5.4.2.6 Auxiliaries and system commissioning and application shall be carried out according to procedures of turbine auxiliary equipment specified in this manual. 5.4.2.7 a) b) Systems and auxiliaries startup One service water pump startup and interlocking switch applied; Start up one circulating water pump for condenser. Open circulating water system shall e in service. Make-up water tank shall be filled with chemical water; condenser demineralized water device is ready for commissioning. Plant compressed air system is put into service; Start up a set of condensate transferpump ; water makeup or exchange to cooling water tanks, and condenser until normal water level; Startup a set of closed circulating water pump; interlock shall be in service. Startup turbine AC lube pump; to startup smoke venting fan of main oil tank for turbine lube oil system operation.; Start up air and hydrogen side seal oil pump for generator seal oil system operation; To startup turbine jacking oil pump and put in to service for turbine barring operation (baring operation shall be carried out 8 hours before turbine running); Hydrogen fills in generator with the holding hydrogen pressure 0.31Mpa, and hydrogen degree>96%; Start up a set of stator cooling water pump, interlock switch is put into service; water fill in generator stator after the water quality is tested and qualified; A set of condensate pump will be startup for deaerator water filling to flush main condensate system and deaerator; and then water in deaerator shall be maintained in normal water level and water level self-adjusting shall be in service. Auxiliary steam system will be in service to maintain the steam header pressure within the scope of 0.65~0.85Mpa.(steam supplied from adjacent unit is accepted);

c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k)

l)

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m) Deaerator heating steam shall be in service according to the actual demand of boiler; water temperature of deaerator shall be heated to: 40~60℃ (cold startup) and 80~100 ℃ (hot startup); n) A set of EH oil pump will startup and deaerator heating steam will be in service; the lowest oil temperature when pump startup shall be more than 10℃, 21℃ is generally required during operation; electric heating device will be applied if the oil temperature is to low; o) C&I group startup DEH and TSI system and carry out static test for speed governing system before boiler ignition.

5.4.3 Test before Startup 5.4.3.1 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Tests must be carried out after overhauling are listed as follows: Transmission test of remote control valves (motor, pneumatic and hydraulic) and baffle etc. Circulating water pump interlock protection test. Closed cooling water pump interlock protection test. Condensate system interlock protection test. Vacuum pump interlock protection test. Stator water cooling interlock and Water Interruption Protection Test Oil system and jigger interlock protection test. Seal oil system interlock protection test. EH oil system interlock protection test. Water feed pump system interlocked protection test. Heater system interlock protection test. RB protection test. Static test

m) ETS test. n) o) p) 5.5 Tripping Test Exhaust check valve performance test. Unit interlock protection test.

Unit Cold Startup

5.5.1 Ignition Preparation 5.5.1.1 Turbine auxiliaries system operates normally and the protections and interlocking available; 5.5.1.2 Lube oil and seal oil system operate normally, and then to startup continuous barring (cold barring shall not be less than 2-4 hours, hot barring shall not be less then 4 hours); rotor eccentricity and barring current shall be recorded.

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5.5.1.3 Deaerator circulating pump shall be started after deaerator filling up to 2200mm; 5.5.1.4 Turbine and its auxiliary operates normally, and then start up deaerator heating system, and heating function will be put into service after its drain and vent run normally; 5.5.1.5 Oil level of EH oil tank is normal; one of the EH oil pump startup and interlock switch is put into service; 5.5.1.6 Bypass satisfy the operating condition; 5.5.1.7 Boiler water filling by startup water feed pump. 5.5.1.8 DEH system Inspection a) DEH and ETS image inspection: 1) “tripping” lights on, “jigger” lights on; 2) Open degree of TV, GV and IV is “0”; 3) Target value” and “Set value” of turbine speed shown “0”; 4) Generator power indicates “0”; 5) No failure alarm signal at DEH; 6) Choose “Auto” at “Auto/Manual” 7) No alarm warning shown on the ETS image;

8) “Shutdown” Lights on 9) c) “OS tripping” switch sets at “in service” status.

CRT image checking: 1) Turbine proper drain and steam pipes drain valves startup; 2) Exhaust and check valves closed. 3) Cooling water of turbine and emergency drain flash tank are normal.

5.5.2 Boiler Temperature and pressure increasing operation after ignition 5.5.2.1 Steam supply to shaft gland and vacummizing: a) b) c) Startup Gland Steam Condenser Exhauster (GSCE). Isolation valves before/after auxiliary steam governing valve shall be opened fully to supply steam to shaft gland; steam pressure maintains above 0.03Mpa. Shaft gland steam desuperheating water shall be applied when temperature of LP shaft gland steam is higher than 150℃ to maintain the shaft gland steam temperature within the scope of 121℃-177℃. Two sets of vacuum pumps shall be startup when boiler pressure achieves 0.02Mpa; and then turbine is going to vacuumize if solenoid valve action and boiler drum water level are normal. Relevant drain valves of boiler have closed. Attention shall be paid to barring situation.

d)

e) f)

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5.5.2.2 Check the drain of main steam pipe and record the mental temperature of each components; attention shall be paid to the temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder, temperature changing of the 1st stage mental temperature and IP cylinder stator blade carrier. 5.5.2.3 Cooler water level of turbine drain tank is normal; drain tank temperature shall be 60~ 70℃; Drain of auxiliary header maybe change to condenser if necessary. 5.5.2.4 Turbine HP/IP cylinder bypass system shall be applied when the vacuum degree achieved -85kPa or above according to the boiler requirement; turbine bypass opening shall be governed to maintain normal overheat steam outlet pressure. Temperature difference between upper and lower cylinder of HP/IP cylinder shall not increase. 5.5.2.5 According to the requirement of boiler temperature and pressure increasing to apply HP/IP cylinder bypass desuperheat water; pressure control and temperature control of HP/IP bypass shall apply AUTO mode. 5.5.3 Turbine Running 5.5.3.1 5.5.3.2 5.5.3.3 a) b) c) d) e) f) 5.5.3.4 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) All turbine tripping protections are in service: Unit signal system operates normally without abnormality and alarm signal; Cooling Water has been filled into to or prepared for the cooler of the following devices: Turbine lube cooler; Turbine EH oil cooler; Turbine seal oil cooler; Generator cold/hot water exchanger; Generator hydrogen cooler; Excitation air cooler. Turbine running shall satisfy the following requirements: Main steam pressure and temperature shall be in the scope specified in the “Parameter for Front Main Stop Valve Startup” Reheat steam pressure and temperature shall be in the scope specified in the curve of “Startup steam parameter before “reheat stop valve” Steam quality accepted; Temperature difference between upper and lower of HP/IP cylinder shall not be lower than 41.6℃; Condenser vacuum degree>0.089MPa; Rotor eccentricity is less then 0.076mm (not more than 0.02mm of original valve); Lube temperature is between 29℃~35℃, oil pressure is between 0.09~0.12MPa; Fire-resistant oil pressure is 14MPa;

Differential pressure of seal oil and hydrogen:0.084MPa;

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5.5.3.5 Ventilation valve of steam inlet loop and HP cylinder exhaust ventilation valve are opened; 5.5.3.6 Cold reheat pressure shall be lower than 0.828MPa by adjusting HP bypass and this pressure shall be holding before bypass closing completely. 5.5.3.7 Startup HP standby seal oil pump 5.5.3.8 Select “OPER AUTO” mode on DEH control panel and apply “ATC monitoring” and “SPEED IN” loop mode; 5.5.3.9 Turbine latch or operator local latch shall be carried or on DEH, the panel shown “Turbine Latched”, and then RV1-2 or IV1-2 valve open gradually until full open; 5.5.3.10 Feed valve limit is 110%, 1V1 and IV2 open gradually; 5.5.3.11 To press “TV” button on DEH control panel, the button lights up. And then GV1-6 will open 100% gradually. 5.5.3.12 Target turning speed sets at 600r/min with speed increasing rate of 100r/min; IV startup by pressing “GO” button, turbine is speeding up. 5.5.3.13 Barring shall shutdown automatically when turbine speed >3r/min, or manual tripping shall be applied for inspection; Re-operating will be carried out only after the defect eliminating; 5.5.3.14 ”GO” button light is off when the turbine speed achieve 600r/min; 5.5.3.15 Turbine trips to carry out grating test; grating of unit is normal; 5.5.3.16 Turbine latch and operate with the speed of 600r/min for 4 mins, and then the follow inspection shall be carried out: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Rotor eccentricity is stable and less than 0.76mm; Vent valve of steam inlet loop shall close automatically; Spray water valve of LP cylinder shall open automatically; No visual-sound alarming on BTG panel; ”ALARM” and “TRIPPING” button are off on TSI panel; Seal oil system works in good condition; The parameters shall be complied with the requirement of “Control data of startup and operating”, speeding up is forbidden when the parameters is over, approaching and keep going to the limit value or unstable.

5.5.3.17 When the turning speed achieved 600r/min, DEH control mode will be changed form “IV” to “TV-IV” after 4 mins delay. 5.5.3.18 Press “Target value” button to set the target turning speed at 2900r/min; 5.5.3.19 Press “speed increasing rate” button to set the speed increasing rate at 100r/min; 5.5.3.20 Press “GO” button to startup speed increasing; 5.5.3.21 When the turning speed achieved set valve 2900r/min, DEH control mode will be changed form “TV-IV” to “TV” after 3 mins delay.

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5.5.3.22 Speed increased to 2950r/min. Valve shifting action shall be carried out until the inner surface temperature is up to the saturation temperature under main steam pressure or above: to press “GOVERNER VALVE”, then HP governor valve close from the fully open position, HP main stop valve opens gradually; TV/GV shifting time shall be ≯ 2 mins, the speed changing shall be within the scope of ± 30r/min; turning speed shall be controlled and maintained at 2950r/min by governor valve; 5.5.3.23 Target speed sets at 3000r/min, speed increasing rate 50r/min; speed increasing starts by pressing “GO” button. 5.5.3.24 Turbine speed holds at 3000r/min for all-around checking to ensure the components run normally. 5.5.3.25 Remote tripping, manual tripping and oil spraying test shall be carried out according to the actual situation and condition; 5.5.3.26 Inlet/outlet pressure of main oil pump is normal, and then the AC motorized lube pump and HP governor oil pump should be shutdown. Turbine lube oil and diaphragm valve oil pressure are normal, and then AC motorized lube pump and HP cylinder standby pump interlock shall be in service. 5.5.3.27 The following inspection items shall be carried out before synchronization: a) b) c) d) e) f) Turbine manual tripping test. Press “ Emergency failure shutdown” on DEH panel or tripping locally; TV,GV,IV and RV are closed fully; Turbine latch when the turning speed decreased to 2950r/min to change the valve, and then speed increases to 3000r/min; Oil filling test; leakage test for main stop valve and governing valve will be carried if necessary; Turbine test is complete, shifting engineer hand over the work to electric group for relevant electrical test;

5.5.3.28 Condenser vacuum shall meet the requirement of “Operating Guide of No-load and Low-load Operation” during turbine running and testing. 5.5.3.29 DEH image checking, and the following parameters shall be analysis: a) b) c) d) e) TSI instrument parameters (vibration, axial displacement, eccentricity and pressure expansion etc.), bearing mental temperature and thrust bearing temperature. Main and reheat steam chamber temperature and HP/IP cylinder exhaust steam temperature checking; HP/IP cylinder mental checking; CRT parameter display checking and analysis. If speed holding is necessary, it shall satisfy the requirement of “Recommendation Value for Speed Maintenance” curve

5.5.4 Generator Synchronization

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5.5.4.1 Shifting engineer requires synchronizing by DEH “AUTO SYNC”; “AUTO SYNC” will cancel automatically after generator synchronization. 5.5.4.2 HP cylinder vent valve closed automatically after 1 min of generator synchronization, or manual closing will be applied; 5.5.4.3 30 mins warming time shall be holding at the 15MW initial load after generator synchronization; meanwhile, boiler steam temperature and pressure shall be held; for the steam temperature change of main stop valve: 1 min warming time will be added for each 1.67℃ temperature increasing. 5.5.5 Unit Loading-up 5.5.5.1 If initial load warming is complete without any abnormality inform shifting engineer will be informed to loading up. “Fixed pressure loading up” or “sliding pressure loading up” are both accepted. 5.5.5.2 a) b) c) Fixed Pressure Loading-up Main steam pressure achieves rated value; load is controlled by GV and the load shall be large than 60MW. DEH power feedback loop is put into service. The load changing rate shall be calculated according to the loading-up time which can be found out on “Recommendation of Load Change (Fixed Pressure)” curve base on the current steam parameter and temperature of governing stage. Target load value sets at 300MW on DEH; set value of load changing rate is the calculated load changing rate. To pressure “GO” button, unit is loading-up. Sliding Pressure Loading-up Unit loading is 54MW or above. Turbine governing valve shall be changed to sequence valve. ”TCL” and “MEGAWATT LOOP” on DEH are out of service. DEH remote mode and unit coordination is put into service. Turbine HP 1&2 governing valves open fully; The load changing rate shall be calculated according to the loading-up time which can be found out on “Recommendation of Load Change (sliding pressure) “curve base on the current steam parameter and temperature of governing stage. Target load value sets at 300MW on DEH; set value of load changing rate is the calculated load changing rate. The unit starts loading-up by pressing “GO” button; Turbine operation shall turn into fixed pressure control when main steam pressure and temperature achieves rated value with the load of 255MW.

d) e) 5.5.5.3 a) b) c) d) e) f)

g) h) i)

5.5.6 Operation during Unit Loading up Procedures:

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5.5.6.1 4 hours warming time shall be holding when the load achieves 30MW, and then unit shall be stopped for overspeed test; unit running speed will be recovered to 3000r/min and synchronize with load again after over speed test; 5.5.6.2 HP drain valve shall close at 30MW loading, or manual closing shall be applied.

5.5.6.3 Water spray valve of LP cylinder steam exhaust will be closed automatically at 45MW load, or manual close will be applied. 5.5.6.4 Load is 50MW or above (The 4th stage exhaust pressure0.2MPa); to open steam inlet valve from 4th stage exhaust to deaerator, and to close steam inlet valve from auxiliaries steam header to deaerator, and then deaerator turns into sliding pressure operating, meanwhile preparation work for air pump startup shall be carried out. 5.5.6.5 IP cylinder drain valve shall be closed automatically when the loading achieves 60MW, or manual closing shall be applied. 5.5.6.6 Deaerator circulating pump shall be shutdown.

5.5.6.7 Shaft gland governor valve will be closed automatically at 75MW load; the shaft gland for this unit is self sealing, meanwhile, bypass valve of shaft gland steam governor valve shall be closed. 5.5.6.8 HP heater #3, 2, 1 will be applied orderly if they didn’t apply prior with the unit startup.

5.5.6.9 Steam inlet valve form cold reheater to auxiliaries steam manifold shall be carried out when the load is up to 90MW and cold reheater pressure is up to 1.2Mpa, and then to shutdown adjacent steam supplying. 5.5.6.10 Governor valve of shaft glands shall be located at “AUTO” position with normal action. 5.5.6.11 Load at 105MW: HP/LP bypass close fully; IV valve open fully; Turbine GV load control is applied. 5.5.6.12 The second water feed pump synchronized the system when the loading was up to 180MW; 5.5.6.13 When the load achieves 200MW, whether one more circulating water pump need to be startup shall be base on the vacuum degree and temperature increasing of circulating water. 5.5.6.14 When the load is up to 255MW and the 4th stage steam exhaust pressure achieves 0.79MPa, the steam inlet valve from 4th stage steam exhaust to auxiliaries header will be open; stem inlet valve from auxiliaries manifold to header shall be closed; temperature of header shall not exceed the set value. 5.5.6.15 When the unit load is up to the rated value, overall shall be carried to ensure everything is in good condition, protection device and automatic equipment are put into service normally. No abnormity alarm, if any, reason shall be found out and defects shall be eliminated in time. 5.5.6.16 Shifting engineer shall be informed when Unit loading up to 300MW. 5.5.7 Attention in Unit Startup Procedures: 5.5.7.1 Power display shall be shown on the relevant monitor device and image in 1 min after synchronization, or unit shall be tripped immediately.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

5.5.7.2 Condenser water level, deaerator water level, lube oil temperature, inner cooling water pressure, temperature and hydrogen temperature shall be adjusted until normal, and then start up auto-control for the above items. 5.5.7.3 Self adjustment of HP/LP heater water level is normal; emergency drain governor valve set at “OFF” position. 5.5.7.4 A set of vacuum pump will retain to operating if the condenser vacuum degree achieves 90kPa or above. 5.5.7.5 Display status of DEH and TSI etc.mornitoring image shall be checked frequently and the parameters shall be analysis to ensure normal value. Rotor eccentricity and vibration monitoring during turbine speeding up shall be carried out: a) b) Turbine turning speed is lower than 600 rpm: rotor eccentricity value shall be <0.076mm; or the turbine is forbidden to speed up; Turbine turning speed is higher than 600rpm, vibration monitoring shall be carried out: alarm value: 0.125mm; tripping value: 0.254mm.

5.5.7.6 Turbine shall be tripped in any of the following condition, to warming up by force critical speed of rotation or speed decreasing is strictly forbidden: a) b) Shaft vibration exceeds 0.03mm during unit operating. Shaft vibration exceeds 0.10mm in critical speed of rotation during unit operating.

5.5.7.7 Abnormality shutdown caused by vibration during unit startup procedure shall be returned to barring startup for overall inspection, analysis and investigation. 4 hours continuous barring shall be carried out before unit restart up; unreasoning startup is strictly forbidden. 5.5.7.8 Attention shall be paid to cylinder absolute expansion during startup procedure; also cylinder absolute expansion shall be compared with that in primary startup under the same working conditions to avoid cylinder expansion blockage; cylinder expansion shall swell continuously without jam fault; 5.5.7.9 Attention shall be paid to upper and lower cylinder wall when the temperature difference between them is ≯ 42 ℃ . All drain valves shall be opened immediately when alarm warning(>42 ℃), or manual opening shall be carried; operation of relevant system shall be check; 5.6 Hot Startup

5.6.1 Operation and inspection of hot start up before turbine running will be the same with that of cold startup. 5.6.2 Running Parameter: 5.6.2.1 Turbine running time and initial load warming time under the current parameter shall be found out in curve of “Hot startup proposal” 5.6.2.2 Condenser shall be vacummizing as possible as it can. Meanwhile, the vacuum degree shall not higher than the combine value of reheat steam temperature and LP exhaust pressure which shown in “Full speed – No-load” of “ Guide of No-load and Low Load Operation” curve 5.6.2.3 EH oil pressure is (14.5±0.5)Mpa and temperature is (43-54)℃.

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5.6.2.4 5.6.2.5 5.6.2.6 5.6.2.7

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Lube pressure is (0.096-0.12)Mpa and temperature is (35-39)℃ Eccentricity of big shaft shall not be larger than 0.0761mm. Temperature difference of HP/IP cylinder upper and lower cylinder is lower than 35℃ Barring continuous operates at least 4 hours.

5.6.3 Procedures for Hot startup operation is the same with that for cold startup, but the running speed increasing rate shall be decided by checking the running time under current parameter on the “Recommendation Value of Hot Start” curve. 5.6.4 After generator synchronization with 5% lowest load, warming up shall be carried out according to the prior specified warming time; if the main steam parameter results in the 1st stage steam temperature lower than the specified mental temperature below the shadow area under the match line shown in curve drawing 3 “Recommendation Value of Hot Start”, the unit speed shall be increased to the rated value in 10 mins and synchronize the unit with specified load at relevant point of working condition as soon as possible. 5.6.5 Attention shall be paid to the parameters such as cylinder expansion, pressure expansion, vibration, mental temperature on each points of turbine proper etc. during unit loading-up procedure. 5.6.6 Application sequence and method of the other operation and inspection and automatic equipment will be the same of cold startup. 5.6.7 Specification and Parameter Control Value during Start up Procedures No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Item Unit output Main steam flux Main steam pressure Main steam temperature Reheat steam pressure Reheat steam temperature Temperature difference of main steam and reheat steam Unit MW t/h MPa ℃ MPa ℃ ℃ Normal value 300 912 16.67 530-546 3.28 530-546 41.6 551 505 It’s permitted that reheat steam temperature has 80 ℃ lower than main steam temperature at initial load. Temperature Max.Value 329.8 1025 17.5 551 505 Min.Value Remarks

8

Sides temperature

<13.8

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No. Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Value Remarks difference at 41.6℃: Maximum holding time shall not exceed 15 mins and time interval shall be 4 hours at least.

difference of main steam or reheat steam

10 11

HP cylinder exhaust pressure HP cylinder exhaust temperature LP cylinder exhaust temperature Condenser vacuum Axial displacement Expansion difference Journal vibration Inlet steam pressure of Shaft gland Steam temperature of shaft gland manifold Temperature difference between mental and steam at the shaft gland of HP/IP stator Oil level of EH oil

MPa ℃

3.654 318

3.99 404 Tripped at 427℃

12

80

No load≯ 121℃

13

kPa

-91.8

-83

Unit tripped when no load ≮ -82, -79.7 Unit tripped at ±1mm displacement

14 15

mm mm 1.76-18.22

±0.9 18.98 1

Unit tripped when extending to 18.98 or shorten to 1mm. Unit tripped at 0.254

16 17

mm MPa

<0.076 0.027-0.038

0.125 0.038 0.027

18

150

177

121

19

<111

20

mm

450-555

560

200

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No. tank 21 Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Value Remarks

Oil level of main oil tank EH oil temperature Lube temperature Temperature of #1-4 bearing bush Temperature of thrust bearing bush Return oil temperature of #1-7 bearing bush EH oil manifold pressure HP accumulator nitrogen pressure LP accumulator nitrogen pressure Lube pressure Inlet oil pressure of main oil pump Outlet oil pressure of main oil pump Upper oil pressure of diaphragm valve Inlet oil pressure of seal bearing bush Inlet oil temperature of Sealing bearing

mm

0±150

+152

-563

0 position of oil level is 1333mm above the oil tank bottom.

22 23 24 25

℃ ℃ ℃

38-56.9 38-45 <90

60 49

21 35 107 Failure shutdown at 112℃. Failure shutdown at 107℃. Alarm warning at 77 ℃;equipment shutdown at 82℃

<85

99

26

<65

77

27 28 2 30 31 32 33

MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa

14.0 8.27-8.96 0.16-0.21 0.096-0.124 0.069-0.31 1.442-1.689

16.2

11.20 8.27 0.16 0.076 Bearing inlet oil pressure

MPa

0.5-0.8 > Hydrogen pressure 0.035 49 27

34

>Hydrogen MPa pressure 0.084

DC motor seal oil pump operating

35

38-45

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No. bush 36 Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Value Remarks

Oil pressure difference of sealing bearing bush hydrogen side Pressure difference of generator hydrogen-water Inlet water temperature of generator stator Outlet water temperature of generator stator Cooling water flux of generator stator Water level of generator stator cooling water tank Hydrogen supply pressure of generator Generator hydrogen purity Generator hydrogen humdity Generator hydrogen pressure Rotor eccentricity Temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder wall Deaerator pressure

Pa

±490

Generally the hydrogen side oil pressure shall higher than that of air side Hydrogen pressure must larger than water pressure

37

MPa

0.035

38

45-50

53

42

39

85

40 41

t/h

55

42 0 point is the upper end of water gauge

mm

100-200

210

40

42

MPa % ℃

0.7 >96 -5~-25

0.42

43 44 45

90

MPa mm

0.31 <0.076

0.345

0.303

46 47

<41.6

48

MPa

0.05-0.75

0.78

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No. 49 Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value 2600±200 Max.Value Min.Value Remarks Reference point 0 will be the bottom of deaerator. 0mm at the bottom

Deaerator water level Condenser water level Open cooling water pressure Closed cooling water pressure Outlet pressure of condensate pump Circulating water pressure Pressure of compressed air manifold Water level of closed water tank Water level of condenser water tank

mm

3200

1800

50 51 52 53 54 55

mm MPa MPa MPa MPa

670-820

1020

300 0.2 0.3 1.6

>0.06

0.14

0.04

MPa

0.6-0.8

0.85

0.6

56 57

mm

1500-1800

500

mm

1600

600

6

Monitoring and Adjusting during Operation

6.1 Work Scope and Purpose of Operation Adjusting 6.1.1 Maintain the main parameter within the scope of rated value and to ensure the main parameters satisfy the outside load anytime. 6.1.2 Maintain normal overheat steam pressure, temperature and reheat steam temperature; to ensure vacuum degree of condenser within the specified scope. 6.1.3 Ensure flux of feed water, condensate and stator cooling water stably and continuously. To maintain the water level of deaerator, condenser and stator cooling water tank at normal value. 6.1.4 Maintain the quality of feed water, condensate, stator cooling water, hydrogen purity and steam. 6.1.5 Minimize heat loss and improve unit thermal efficiency. 6.1.6 Adjust the operating method and working condition of units according to the seasons and load changing to operate the units under optimum working condition. 6.1.7 Decrease the discharge of pollutant to ensure safety operation. 6.2 Main Parameters and Limitation of Operation Control

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No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Item Unit output Main steam flux Main steam pressure Main steam temperature Reheat steam pressure Reheat steam temperature

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit MW t/h MPa ℃ MPa ℃ Normal value Max.Value 300 912 16.67 530-546 3.28 530-546 551 505 It’s permitted that reheat steam temperature has 80℃ lower than main steam temperature at initial load. Temperature difference at 41.6 ℃: Maximum holding time shall not exceed 15 mins and time interval shall be 4 hours at least. 12.4 3.99 404 80 Tripped at 427℃ No load≯ 121℃ Unit tripped when no load ≮ -82, -79.7 Unit tripped at ±1mm 329.8 1025 17.5 551 505 Min.Val ue Remarks

7

Temperature difference of main steam and reheat steam

41.6

8

Sides temperature difference of main steam or reheat steam

<13.8

9 10 11 12

Pressure of governing stage HP cylinder exhaust pressure HP cylinder exhaust temperature LP cylinder exhaust temperature Condenser vacuum

MPa MPa ℃ ℃

11.1 3.654 318

13

kPa

-91.8

-83

14

Axial displacement

mm

±0.9

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No. Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Val ue Remarks displacement

15

Expansion difference Journal vibration Inlet steam pressure of shaft gland Steam temperature of shaft gland manifold Temperature difference between mental and steam at the shaft gland of HP/IP stator Oil level of EH oil tank Oil level of main oil tank

mm

1.76-18.22 <0.076 0.027-0.038

18.98

1

Unit tripped when extending to 18.98 or shorten to 1mm. Unit tripped at 0.254

16 17

mm MPa ℃

0.125 0.038 0.027

18

121-177

177

121

19

111

20

mm

450-555

560

200 0 point sets at 1333mm above the oil tank bottom. 0 point sets at 333mm above the oil tank bottom.

21

mm

0±150

152

-563

22

Oil level of small engine oil tank Oil level of C water feed pump oil tank EH oil temperature Lube temperature Temperature of #1-4 bearing bush Temperature of #5-7 bearing bush Temperature of thrust bearing bush Return oil temperature of #1-7

mm

0±100

190

-190

23 24 25 26 27 28 29

1/2 ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ 38-56.9 38-45 <90. <85 <85 <65

2/3 60 49 107 99 99 77

1/3 21 35 Failure shutdown at 112℃ Failure shutdown at 107℃ Failure shutdown at 107℃ Alarm warning at 77℃; equipment

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No. Item bearing bush 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 EH oil manifold pressure

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Val ue Remarks shutdown at 82℃ MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa 14.0 8.27-8.96 0.16-0.21 0.096-0.124 0.069-0.31 1.442-1.689 0.5-0.8 > Hydroge DC motor seal oil n pump operating pressur e 0.035 49 27 General the hydrogen side oil pressure shall higher than that of air side Hydrogen pressure must larger than water pressure 53 42 16.2 11.20 8.27 0.16 0.076 Oil input pressure of bearing

HP accumulator nitrogen pressure LP accumulator nitrogen pressure Lube pressure Inlet oil pressure of main oil pump Outlet oil pressure of main oil pump Upper oil pressure of diaphragm valve

37

Inlet oil pressure of seal bearing bush

>Hydrogen MPa pressure 0.084

38

Inlet oil temperature of Sealing bearing bush Oil pressure difference of sealing bearing bush hydrogen side Pressure difference of generator hydrogen-water Inlet water temperature of generator stator Outlet water temperature of generator stator

38-45

39

Pa

±490

40

MPa

0.035

41

45-50

42

85

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No. Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Val ue 42 0 point is the upper end of water gauge Remarks

43

Cooling water flux of generator stator Water level of generator stator cooling water tank Hydrogen supply pressure of generator Hydrogen leakage of generator Generator hydrogen purity Generator hydrogen humdity Generator hydrogen pressure Generator cold hydrogen temperature Cold hydrogen temperature difference of generator units Inlet air temperature of exciting machine Rotor eccentricity Temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder wall Deaerator pressure Deaerator water level Condenser water

t/h

55

44

mm

100-200

210

40

45

MPa

0.7 <10 >96 -5~-25 0.31 0.345

0.42

46 47 48 49

m3/day % ℃ MPa

90

0.303 The shutdown max. Temperature allowance for partial hydrogen cooler is 48℃.

50

46

50

40

51

<2

52 53

℃ mm

40 <0.076

50

40

54

<41.6

55 56 57

MPa mm mm

0.05-0.75 2600±200 670-820

0.78 3200 1020 1800 300 Reference point 0 will be the bottom of deaerator. 0mm at the bottom

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No. level 58 59 60 61 Item

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Unit Normal value Max.Value Min.Val ue Remarks

Open cooling water pressure Closed cooling water pressure Outlet pressure of condensate pump Circulating water pressure Pressure of compressed air manifold Water level of closed water tank Water level of condenser water tank

MPa MPa MPa MPa >0.06 0.14

0.2 0.3 1.6 0.04

62

MPa

0.6-0.8

0.85

0.6

63

mm

1500-1800

500

64 6.3

mm

1600

600

Monitoring and Maintenance during Turbine Operation

6.3.1 Parameters to be monitored frequently: unit load, pressure before HP/IP main stop valve, temperature, turning speed, condensate vacuum, steam temperature of LP cylinder exhaust, condenser water level, deaerator pressure, water level, outlet oil temperature of oil cooler, lube pressure, operating auxiliary current, all alarms of key parameter and CRT, and visual-sound alarm on station panel etc. 6.3.2 Parameters to be monitor termly: HP cylinder steam exhaust pressure and temperature, IP cylinder steam exhaust pressure, IP inlet steam temperature, differential expansion, total expansion, axial displacement, vibration, generator hydrogen pressure, oil-hydrogen differential pressure, inlet/outlet water pressure and temperature of stator cooling water, temperature of tungsten mental bush and return oil, cylinder and rotor mental temperature, temperature difference between inlet steam and mental, inlet/outlet water temperature of heaters, pressure and temperature of steam exhaust section, condenser inlet water pressure and inlet/outlet water temperature, HP/LP bypass inlet/outlet pressure and temperature, and water feed pump turbine etc. 6.3.3 Water level adjustment of condenser and deaerator: Water level adjustment of Condenser and deaerator is a key condition to ensure unit safety and economic operation. Condensate flux shall be adjusted according to the changing of water feed quantity to ensure the water level of condenser and deareator. Pressure of deaerator shall be adjusted according to the load. Water level shall not be fluctuated too much during steam supply change of deaerator; condensate level adjusting shall be carried out within certain scope to avoid boil off in condensate pump under low

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

water level and bad cooling quality under high water level. Water level of condenser storage water tank shall be 5000-7500mm. 6.3.4 HP heater operation: Startup and shutdown of HP heater shall comply with relevant part in Auxiliaries Operation Procedure. Water level shall be monitored during normal operation. Governor valve shall act in good condition to ensure smooth drain, normal water temperature and TTD & DCA running within permit scope. Emergency drain shall be available in good condition. 6.3.5 Vacuum adjustment: Pump A & B shall operate and standby normally during unit operating. Rubber Ball Clearing Device shall be applied termly to ensure heat transfer efficiency of condenser copper; operation mode of circulating pump according to temperature and load to ensure optimum vacuum condition. TTD and DCA of condenser, super cooling and temperature increasing shall be analyzed frequently to eliminate drain inner leakage, minimize heat loss and increase condenser vacuum. Vacuum leakage test shall be carried out termly to ensure the vacuum degree is within the required scope. 6.3.6 Monitoring and adjustment of generator seal oil system: H side oil tank oil level of seal oil system shall be monitored termly; switch of filling/drain oil is at free state; seal oil filter screen shall be cleaned termly; differential pressure valve and balanced valve shall operate normally. Too much oil pressure deviation of air and hydrogen side shall be corrected by adjusting outlet oil pressure of hydrogen side oil pump to ensure differential pressure within permit limit. Oil pressure of hydrogen side is slightly higher than that of air side during normal operation. If shaft vibration is sensitive to oil temperature, seal oil temperature can be adjusted within the temperature scope of 43~49℃. 6.3.7 Monitoring and adjustment of generator hydrogen and water system: Generator hydrogen cooling rated temperature is 46℃, min. temperature is 40℃; Alarm warning when the temperature achieves 50℃; Higher or lower temperature of hydrogen cooling shall be corrected by adjusting the outlet water valve opening of hydrogen cooler. Max. water inlet temperature of hydrogen cooler is 35℃, the hydrogen cooling temperature difference of coolers shall not be more then 2℃; or the temperature shall be corrected by adjusting the water outlet diverter valve of each hydrogen cooler. The max. allowance hydrogen cooling temperature is 48℃ when partial hydrogen cooler is shutdown. 6.3.8 Seal oil temperature shall be maintained at 35℃~45℃ under normal operation with the Min. Temperature of 27℃ and Max. Temperature of 49℃. 6.4 Control Mode of Turbine Operation

6.4.1 DEH system includes 4 control modes: 6.4.1.1 a) OPER AUTO MODE (OA) Open auto mode will change the set value turning speed/load to carry out closed loop control for DEH output by CRT image operation. Different operation modes can be shift mutually without any disturbing. After synchronization, turbine will have 5% initial load by DEH control. AS mode will be quitted automatically and changed to OA mode. During unit operating with load, a sub-image will be popped up when pressing the “FEED BACK” button at the bottom on the left of main image; and then to click “MEGAWATT

b) c)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

LOOP” firstly and next to click “PUT IN” in 3 seconds to enter Megawatt loop input mode, the main image will display “MEGAWATT LOOP IN” at the same time. d) MEGAWATT LOOP OUT”. After megawatt loop input, valve opening will change to ensure that actual output is comply with load set value, and this change will strengthening the pressure change of boiler outlet. TURBINE MANUAL MODE (TM) In manual control mode, turbine operator shall control and startup the manual ±button on the image manually to change the instruction directly and achieve DEH output adjustment (turning speed or load) which is kind of open loop control mode; ”TURBINE MANUAL” mode can be entered during turbine operating. Under turbine manual mode, governor valve opening instruction(GVSPT) will be changed by operator directly which is open loop control (not adjusted by DEH), therefore, turbine manual mode is not recommended except under special condition such as turning speed channel failure etc. Method to enter TM mode. Operating mode can be changed from “OPER AUTO” to “TURBINE MANUAL” by pressing button “TURBINE MANUAL” anytime. Main image shown turbine enter “TM” when manual mode is put into service; Under “TURBINE MANUAL” mode, operator can operate “GV RAISE” and “GV LOWER” on control and startup image manually to control set value of governor valve directly to change turning speed or actual load. OPC function will be available under manual control mode; all governor steam valves will be closed upon OPC action. REMOTE CONTROL MODE(ADS)

6.4.1.2 a)

b)

c)

d)

e) 6.4.1.3

Remote control mode (ADS): Select REMOTD mode on CONTORL MODE page. If remote contact closure is permitted, the control mode area on the panel will change to ROMOTE. This mode is applicable to the condition that main generator oil switch is closed. At this point, turbine generator is in ADS system. Entered OA mode, ADS mode exits automatically.
7

Turbine Shutdown Basic Regulation

7.1

7.1.1 After receiving unit shutdown order, turbine shutdown mode shall be decided according to the shutdown character and work after shutdown. 7.1.2 Maintenance measures will be decided before unit shutdown according to the shutdown time; necessary action shall be carried out during shutdown procedure. 7.1.3 All defects shall be recorded before unit shutdown except emergency shutdown. 7.2 Preparation before Turbine Shutdown

7.2.1 Contact shifting engineer to confirm auxiliary steam supply by adjacent units and plant manifold 2 hours prior to turbine shutdown; turbine steam and water supply will be changed from turbine to plant manifold.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

7.2.2 Inspection of AC/DC oil pump, HP sealing standby pump, jacking oil pump; Oil pump interlock will be put into service if the pumps are in good condition; 7.2.3 After shifting engineer sign the shutdown operation document, the estimated shutdown time shall be informed to relevant personnel for shutdown preparation. 7.2.4 Overall inspection shall be carried out to the unit before shutdown, all defects especially the one which have to be eliminated by unit shutdown shall be recorded in detail. 7.2.5 DEH system sets at “OA” mode. 7.3 Sliding Parameter Shutdown 7.3.1 Unit load decreased from 100% to 50%. 7.3.1.1 Operation mode sets at “CCS” 7.3.1.2 Load sets at 150MW 7.3.1.3 Load change rate sets at 3.3MW/min 7.3.1.4 Overheat steam pressure sets as per stage gradually until pressure achieves 10.0 Mpa. 7.3.1.5 Pressure changing rate will be controlled at 0.15MPa/min. 7.3.1.6 When the unit load is about 250MW and the 4th stage exhaust pressure is lower than 0.7MPa, auxiliaries steam shall be shifted and steam inlet valve from the 4th stage exhaust to auxiliaries header. 7.3.1.7 When the unit load is down to 180MW, overheat steam pressure shall be controlled at 13.5MPa, overheat and reheat steam temperature shall be controlled at 538 ℃ and 535 ℃ respectively. 7.3.1.8 A set of water feed pump shall be shutdown when the unit load decreased to 150MW. 7.3.2 Unit loading-down will be carried out from 50% to shutdown: 7.3.2.1 Select “BF” as unit operation mode.

7.3.2.2 The target load instrument shall be set at 90MW manually stage by stage. The load changing rate and overheat steam pressure changing rate will take the original setting. 7.3.2.3 The following operation shall be carried out when the units load decrease to 60MW: a) b) IP drain valve of turbine shall be opened automatically, or manual open shall be applied; HP heater shall be shutdown form the upper one to the lower one in turn; attention shall be paid to the water temperature change; water side of HP heater shall be shut down after the steam side shutdown; Startup deaerator circulating pump;

c)

7.3.2.4 When the unit is loading-down to 50MW, steam inlet valve from auxiliary head to deaerator shall be open and that from the 4th stage steam exhaust to deaerator shall be closed; 7.3.2.5 When the unit is loading-down to 45MW, LP cylinder water spray shall be applied automatically and protecting valve of condenser water curtain shall opened;

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7.3.2.6 When the unit is loading-down to 30MW, turbine HP drain valve will be opened automatically, or manual opening shall be applied; 7.3.2.7 Set the target load at 15MW and load changing rate at 3MW/min, and then to pressure “GO” button, button lights up and turbine starts to loading-down; 7.3.2.8 15MW. Shifting engineer shall be informed to trip the turbine when the unit load decreased to

7.3.2.9 Press “Emergency Failure Shutdown” on the control panel, or manual tripping at headpiece. 7.3.2.10 Turbine turning speed decrease, DEH panel “TRIPPING” lamp lights up and the generator power shown zero. To confirm that the valves opening indicates to zero, “CLOSE” lamp of exhaust check valve lights up, exhaust motor valve is closed and to confirm valves are closed as required on site. 7.3.2.11 Start up AC motorized lube pump; Lube oil pressure is normal; 7.3.2.12 Confirm that the LP cylinder water spray is closed automatically when the turning speed decrease to 600r/min; vibration measure for rotor will be changed to eccentricity measure. 7.3.2.13 Vacuum destroying valve will be opened and vacuum pump will be stopped to destroy turbine vacuum when the turbine turning speed achieves 400r/min. 7.3.2.14 The following operation shall be carried out when the turning speed decrease to 200r/min; 7.3.2.15 Cutoff the cooling water of hydrogen cooler; 7.3.2.16 Cutoff the cooling water of exciting machine air cooler. 7.3.2.17 2 sets of jacking oil pumps shall be started up; bush #3-#6 oil pressure shall be checked on site to ensure it’s achieve 5.0-8.0MPa. Solenoid valve of barring oil-injection is startup and starts oil injecting. 7.3.2.18 When the turning speed decrease to zero, continuous barring shall be startup and idling time shall be recorded. Parameters such as barring current, main shaft eccentricity etc. shall be recorded. 7.3.2.19 Water feed pump shall be shutdown according to the need of boiler; 7.3.2.20 Shaft gland steam, main steam inlet valve and gland steam condenser exhauster shall be closed when the vacuum degree is up to zero. 7.3.2.21 EH oil pump shutdown. 7.3.2.22 Shifting engineer is required to shutdown the condensate polishing process device. 7.3.2.23 When the cooling water users are shutdown completely, the open cooling water pump shall be closed-down. 7.3.2.24 Steam exhaust temperature is lower than 50℃: shut down condensate pump, and to check the recirculating valve of condensate is closed; make-up water of condenser stopped. 7.3.2.25 Ask shifting engineer for instruction to shutdown the circulating pump.

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7.3.2.26 Barring will be stopped when the temperature of HP governor stage mental and IP cylinder static carrier ring is lower than 150℃. 7.3.2.27 Shutdown the operation of 2 sets of jacking oil pumps and AC lube pump. 7.3.2.28 Generator hydrogen exhaust shall be carried upon received the order form shifting engineer; seal oil pump air side, HP sealing standby pump and smoke fan shall be shut down after hydrogen exhausting, but seal oil system shall operate in good condition for baring operation. 7.3.2.29 Shutdown the generator cooling water pump and cooling water tank stops water supply. 7.3.3 Attention shall be paid to the follow items during loading – down: 7.3.3.1 The application of boiler and turbine operation procedure and control mode in each stage of unit loading-down will be the same. 7.3.3.2 During the procedure of sliding-parameter shutdown, overheat and reheat steam temperature shall be decreased slowly with uniform velocity; steam temperature is forbidden to increasing rapidly. Steam temperature difference between overheat and reheat steam shall not be exceed 41.7℃ and shall be maintained below 28℃ generally. The temperature decreasing speed shall follow the overheat steam parameter as possible as it can. Steam temperature decreasing shall be matched with steam pressure decreasing; steam pressure decreasing shall be ahead of the steam temperature decreasing. 7.3.3.3 During sliding-parameter shutdown, turbine water induction shall be observed carefully; overheat temperature of overheat steam shall be held at about 100℃ generally and shall not lower than 50℃; temperature difference between 1st stage steam and mental shall be 20-~40℃. 7.3.3.4 The following parameter shall be monitored during loading-down procedure: Pressure and temperature of main steam and reheat steam; shaft vibration, differential expansion; temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder; LP cylinder steam exhaust temperature; axial displacement; bearing mental temperature; temperature difference between inner and outer wall of cylinder; water level of water chambers shall be normal and shaft gland steam shall be supplied by auxiliary steam. 7.3.3.5 Cooling system shall be adjusted during generator loading down to match current working condition. 7.3.3.6 Controlling of HP/IP rotor stress effective temperature shall be checked during pressure and temperature decreasing. Boiler load is required to be hold if pressure and temperature decrease too fast. The operation data shall be analysis, compared, typed and recorded. 7.3.3.7 Check temperature changing of IP cylinder carrier ring and IP cylinder rotor centre which shown in DEH image. 7.3.3.8 Bearing temperature, shaft vibration, axial displacement, differential expansion and thrust bearing temperature shown on DEH image shall be within normal range; 7.3.3.9 Monitoring shall be carried out to #1&2 main stop valves chamber temperature, HP/IP/LP cylinder and steam exhaust temperature, HP/LP bearing and governor stage steam temperature on DEH image; temperature of IP cylinder carrier ring shall be changed evenly; Desuperheater water shall be opened when exhaust cylinder temperature is up to 79℃.

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7.3.3.10 Parameter changing of control system shall be checked and compared with that of DEH image. 7.3.3.11 Parameter Control Reference during Unit Loading-down: Unit Load (MW) 240 180 150 120 90 60 30 7.4 Normal Shutdown Overheat Steam Pressure (MPa) 16.7 13.5 10.0 9.7 7.4 6.5 4.7 Overheat Steam Temperature (℃) 538 538 538 520 515 495 450 Reheat Steam Temperature (℃) 538 535 525 500 480 465 430

7.4.1 Recommend loading-down time can be checked on the “Recommendation of Load Change” chart; load changing rate shall be decided according to the recommend loading-down time. 7.4.2 Input required load changing rate in DEH. 7.4.3 Input target load as 15MW in DEH. 7.4.4 Press “GO” button, DEH control starts loading down. 7.4.5 Shifting engineer is informed to shutdown the unit when load is decreased to 15MW. 7.4.6 The attention items during loading-down procedure and after unit tripping shall be the same with that of sliding-parameter shutdown. 7.5 Emergency Shutdown

7.5.1 Emergency shutdown shall be applied under the following situation: 7.5.1.1 DEH abnormal operation results in turbine speed and load out of control.

7.5.1.2 Unit fails to operate due to main steam pipe, reheat steam pipe, water feed pipe or other pressure component cracking. 7.5.1.3 Main steam pressure increase and main steam pressure before turbine TV is up to 21.7MPa. 7.5.1.4 7.5.1.5 Main steam and reheat steam temperature is up to 565.6℃ or above; Main steam and reheat steam temperature increased or decreased 50℃ in 10 mins.

7.5.1.6 Condenser vacuum is decreased to 81.4KPa and cannot be recovered by loading-down to zero.

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7.5.1.7 Winding cooling water of generator stator be interrupted and fails to recover in 30 seconds, or the outlet water of stator cooling water achieves 85℃. 7.5.1.8 Exciting machine smoking and firing. Boiler tripping or electrical tripping interlock fail to act. 7.5.1.9 LP cylinder steam exhaust operates continuously 15mins in 120℃ or the temperature achieving 121℃. 7.5.1.10 Temperature on the two sides before HP/IP main stop valves operates continuously 15 mins or the temperature achieving 42℃. 7.5.1.11 Temperature difference between main steam and reheat steam is up to 42℃ under full-load condition or up to 83℃ when the unit load approaches no-load operation. Temperature difference between upper and lower HP/IP cylinder is up to 56℃ and increasing. 7.5.1.12 Personal safety is at risk. 7.5.2 Operation of Emergency Shutdown 7.5.2.1 To press “EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN” button in control room or to set the tripping handle at “TRIPPING” position, generator shall be tripped automatically, if not, manual shutdown will be applied to generator. 7.5.2.2 HP/IP main stop valves, governor valves shall be closed tightness; HP steam exhaust check valve, steam exhaust checks shall be closed, turbine speed is decreasing. 7.5.2.3 7.5.2.4 Startup AC motorized lube pump; lube pressure is normal. Steam supply for auxiliary header shall be changed to adjacent unit supply method.

7.5.2.5 Shaft gland system of auxiliary steam shall be applied; steam pressure of shaft gland shall be maintained in normal condition. 7.5.2.6 7.5.2.7 7.5.2.8 Drain valve of turbine proper acts in good condition. Shutdown a set of water feed pump. Water level of condenser and deaerator shall be adjusted in normal condition.

7.5.2.9 When the turning speed decrease to 200r/min, jacking oil pump shall be started automatically, if not, manual startup shall be applied. 7.5.2.10 Inspection shall be carried out to the turbine operation during unit idling procedure; to listen the sounds inside of turbine generator carefully. 7.5.2.11 When the turning speed is decreased to zero, idling time will be recorded; then continuous barring shall be applied. 7.5.2.12 To complete other operations specified in this procedure for unit shutdown. 7.6 Maintenance after Shutdown

7.6.1 Turbine maintenance shall be carried out in a week after shutdown. 7.6.1.1 7.6.1.2 Drain valve shall be opened to drain the residual water in condenser hot well. All steam/water system which may enter turbine interior shall be isolated.

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7.6.1.3 All drain valves of steam exhaust pipes, main steam, reheat steam and turbine proper shall be opened. 7.6.1.4 0.041Mpa. Deaerator maintenance adopts auxiliary steam heating method; deaerator steam pressure shall be held at 0.041Mpa. 7.6.1.5 HP heater water side adopts diamine filling maintenance; steam side adopts wet type maintenance. 7.6.1.6 Residual water in LP heater steam/water side and condenser flashing tank shall be drained completely; 7.6.2 Maintenance for turbine shutdown more than a week 7.6.2.1 7.6.2.2 Drain valve shall be opened to drain the residual water in condenser hot well。 All steam/water system which may enter turbine interior shall be isolated。

7.6.2.3 All drain valves of steam exhaust pipes, main steam, reheat steam and turbine proper shall be opened。 7.6.2.4 Residual water in LP heater steam/water side and condenser flashing tank shall be drained completely;。 7.6.2.5 HP heater steam/water and condenser shall be maintained by nitrogen filling.

7.6.2.6 Residual water in the longtime shutdown equipment and system shall be drained completely. 7.6.2.7 Longtime shutdown equipment shall be dried by hot air to keep equipment in the cylinder drying. 7.6.2.8 Frostbite prevention measures shall be provided after units’ shutdown in winter. Outdoor equipment and systems which might be freezing shall adopt water drain or timely startup or apply frostbite prevention measures.
8

Turbine Auxiliaries Basic Regulation of Auxiliaries Operation

8.1

8.1.1 Auxiliaries Inspection before Startup 8.1.1.1 Scaffold for auxiliaries overhaul shall be removal after overhaul completion; site shall be cleaned and completion documents will be signed after acceptance. 8.1.1.2 Relevant instrument for auxiliaries and systems are complete and put into service.

8.1.1.3 Overall inspection shall be carried out to the system; Relevant oil and water system to fill with oil and water to empty residual residual air; manhole, water drainage valve and air valve shall be closed tightness. 8.1.1.4 Rotor of rotary device shall be rolling to ensure no jam fault, anchor bolt loosening; protective cover shall be provided completely. 8.1.1.5 Oil quality of rotary devices bearing, variable-speed gear box and relevant lube component shall be qualified with normal oil level.

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Sealing water and cooling water for equipment is put into service normally; Motor insulation is accepted, shell earthing is in good condition;

8.1.1.8 Relevant devices are calibrated as per specified requirement and provided with control power. 8.1.2 Auxiliaries Commissioning 8.1.2.1 Commissioning shall be carried out to auxiliaries after overhaul; then the auxiliaries will be standby after commissioning. 8.1.2.2 Auxiliaries commissioning shall be carried out according to the commissioning notification which signed by person in charge for overhaul. 8.1.2.3 Maintenance personnel and operator shall be at site during auxiliaries commissioning; operator shall coordinate maintenance personnel for commissioning; unit startup or shutdown shall be permitted by commissioning personnel in charge. 8.1.2.4 Appointed person shall monitor at site during auxiliaries commissioning; auxiliaries commissioning shall be stopped if any abnormal situation occurs; re-commissioning shall be carried out only after the failure elimination. 8.1.2.5 During auxiliaries commissioning, bearings, motor temperature, vibration and axial deviation shall meet the requirements without oil/water leakage and clash. 8.1.2.6 4 hours commissioning shall be applied to the key equipment installation or overhaul under cold condition before standby application. 8.1.2.7 Outlet of auxiliaries shall be closed after standby application to avoid inversion operation. 8.1.3 Inspection Item during/after Auxiliaries Startup 8.1.3.1 Bearing lube temperature shall be normal; oil return temperature shall be in specified range; 8.1.3.2 8.1.3.3 Bearing oil level shall be normal without oil leakage; Vibration of auxiliaries components shall meet the specified requirements;

8.1.3.4 Motor startup current shall be returned within specified time limit without over current and motor temperature is increasing normally; 8.1.3.5 8.1.3.6 8.1.3.7 Pumps outlet pressure and flux are normal; Sealing part of equipment is in good condition; cooling water system operates normally; Rotating parts and motor operate without abnormal grating;

8.1.3.8 Coupling gears of equipment governing device are in good condition without disconnection; 8.1.3.9 Interlock protections and auto control devices are put into service normally;

8.1.3.10 No leakage in the systems belong to auxiliaries;

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8.1.3.11 If the equipment tripped after startup, Causes of tripping shall be found out and eliminated before restart up; 8.1.4 Auxiliaries Normal Operation 8.1.4.1 According to Patrol Inspection System, termly inspection shall be carried out to the equipment during auxiliaries operation; defects shall be reported in time, and then application shall be filled to coordinate defect elimination; 8.1.4.2 According to Equipment Termly Shifting and Testing System, shifting and testing shall be carried out to auxiliaries; 8.1.4.3 Auxiliaries bearing lube shall meet the requirements of manufacturer specification, bearing operation temperature and turning speed; sliding bearing lube shall be changed and supplemented termly; 8.1.4.4 Max. temperature allowance of auxiliaries bearing shall meet the manufacturer’s requirements (if any); if not manufacturer specification: sliding/rolling bearing temperature < 70/80℃(for reference) 8.1.5 Auxiliaries Shutdown 8.1.5.1 Auxiliaries inversion operation shall be monitored during auxiliaries shutdown; outlet valve of auxiliaries shall be closed immediately if inversion is found; 8.1.5.2 Auxiliaries motor shall be power off and provided with isolated measures during shutdown exam and repair; 8.1.5.3 8.1.5.4 a) Frostbite prevention measures shall be provided after auxiliary shutdown in winter. Failure Shutdown of Auxiliaries: Auxiliaries shall shutdown under any of the following conditions: 1) Personnel safety are serious imperiled; 2) Operation pipeline cracking result in equipment and system is at risk; 3) Oil system is on fire and couldn’t put out immediately; 4) Operation parameter over limit results in protection fails to act; 5) Water induction on water pump and pipeline; 6) Auxiliaries vibrates strongly; 7) Obvious mental grating and abnormal sound in auxiliaries; 8) Obvious burnt odor in Motor; Motor smokes or fires. 9) Auxiliaries bearing oil cutoff and smokes; b) Failure equipment shall be shutdown and standby auxiliaries shall be applied if: 1) any bearing temperature is increasing abnormally and failed to adjust; 2) Medium leakage largely in bearing or sealing area, or smoking in sealing area; 3) Auxiliaries cooling water or seal water system failure;

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4) Water pump cavitation and outlet pressure, flux unstable; 5) Generator over current. 8.2 Motor Operation

8.2.1 Inspection Contents of Motor Startup/Shutdown: 8.2.1.1 Startup and shutdown operation of Motor shall be checked by operator. Operator on duty shall responsible for the inspection before/after Motor startup and shutdown according to the post responsibility. 8.2.1.2 a) Outer Inspection before Motor startup: Sundries and workers are forbidden to place and stay on or near the electrometer (including rotation part); earthing for Motor and outer shell of its startup device is complete; protective cover for rotation part is in good condition. Equipment driven by Motor is ready for startup. Oil level in bearing and starting device shall be normal; oil system shall be applied to the component which needs Strength Lubricant. Cooling water shall be applied to the bearings which need to be cooled by water. Starting device shall be set at starting position. DC Motor has commutator with surface in good condition and electrical brush with nice connection. For the closed type Motor which need to be cooled by air (e.g. motor of water feed pump), air cooler shall be started up before Motor startup. Bolt, earthing of outer shell and cable terminal box etc. for Motor shall be completed. Standby Motor shall be checked frequently to ensure it’s available any time. Rotor is suppose to be rolled (if possible) before the first startup after overhaul to ensure no friction between rotor and stator, and other equipment driven by the rotor operate without failure. Misswithching in protection measures shall be carried out before rolling the rotor. Check inversion operation caused by machine, if any, measures shall be taken to stop inversion operation; motor to startup under inversion operation is forbidden. Display or indicator of temperature measure device is correct.

b) c)

d) e) f) g) h)

i) j)

8.2.1.3 Operator shall monitor whole process of startup and then to check if the Motor current exceeded the rated valve. 8.2.1.4 Motor startup with load shall be avoid under normal situation; Motor equipment along coal handing line shall be startup according to coal counter flow method to avoid the Motor broken caused by coal leakage/coal blockage or serious startup with load; fan damper or Motor valve outlet shall be closed before fan or pump startup under normal condition to ensure Motor can be startup with not-load/light-load. 8.2.1.5 Under emergency condition, delay start time will affect the load, or might cause MFT further, or put the unit safety at risk, therefore, if protection action such as over-current or differential motion is not available, emergency startup with load can be carried according to the actual situation to ensure the stability of unit systems.

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8.2.1.6 Motor starting time: under normal condition, twice starting for cage rmotor under cold state with the interval time not less than 5 mins; once under the hot type. Only once startup is permit under hot state after equipment failure disposal without abnormity appearance and parameter. (Hot state: Nature shutdown state after motor operates with rated road. Cold state: 4 hours later of Motor shutdown after operating with rated load, the temperature at this moment is close to ambient temperature.) 8.2.2 Patrolling inspection scope and relevant work during Motor operation: 8.2.2.1 a) During Motor operating, the shift personnel shall: Monitor and record the operating current of Motor to ensure the temperature within the permit range; monitor the temperature to ensure the temperature of each part (including iron core and winding) is normal without smoke and burnt odour. Pay attention to the abnormal sound of Motor; unjustifiable sound shall be judged with maintenance personnel together. Check the lube and temperature of bearing; check the turning condition of oil ring for oil ring type bearing; oil level of baring box shall be normal (attention shall be paid to the false oil level). Oil and cooling water system shall operate normally for strong lube bearing. Check the DC motor and wingding motor to ensure no firing on sliding ring and commutator and no jumpiness on the electrical brush. pay attention to the Motor and ambient temperature; keep an cleaning environment around Motor (coal ash, vapour, oil pollution, mental conduct and cotton waste etc. shall be removed); clean the Motor termly; Check if any water, air or oil leakage in Motor which is cooled by cooling air; water pressure, flux of air cooler shall be normal without leakage and condensing. Record the specified Motor gauge; time and Causes of startup, shutdown and all abnormal phenomena for 6kv auxiliaries shall be recorded in detail according to the requirement of Reliability Management Regulation. Keep the Motor and around area dry and clean to avoid water, steam and oil; interdict cleaner from washing the ground by water directly. Check the max. Monitor temperature and temperature increasing of winding and iron core to ensure they are within the specification of manufacture. Electrical operation procedures shall be applied for monitoring if manufacturer specification is not available. Motor shaft vibration shall not be exceeded the following values during operation: Rated Turning Speed(/min) Vibration(dulble vibration amplitude) mm 3000 1500 1000 750 及以下 750 or lower 0.05 0.085 0.10 0.12

b) c)

d) e)

f) g)

h) i)

j)

8.2.3 Termly Work of Motor Equipment

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8.2.3.1 Termly shifting and commissioning shall be carried out to Motor according to the regulation to ensure the reliability of standby Motor. Insulation of standby Motor shall be tested and qualified before startup in rainy season or under heavy humidity. Nonconformity shall be treated or repair by maintenance personnel to recover to normal standby state as soon as possible. 8.2.3.2 Motor shall be cleaned termly and lube shall be supplemented to the Motor bearing. There are some motor located along coal handling lines, ash handling system area, therefore, the bearing oil quality and generator cooling air duct of the Motor in the above area will be affected by the dust due to the environment condition that will results in generator abnormity. Operator shall inform maintenance personnel to clean termly according to the actual situation. 8.3 Auxiliaries Equipment and System Startup/Shutdown and Operation Maintenance

8.3.1 Circulating Water System 8.3.1.1 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Inspection and Adjustment before Startup Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely; C&I group shall be informed to apply operating power source and gauge power for circulating water pump control panel; to check the gauges operate normally. Motor insulation of circulating water pump and hydraulic control butterfly valve oil pump are qualified; interlock protection test is qualified. Open the water filling valve of cooling water manifold. Open water inlet valve of condenser cooling water. Open water outlet valve of condenser cooling water Close outlet/inlet drain valve of condenser circulating water.. Open vent valve of inlet water chamber and then it shall be closed after continuous water discharging. Cooling water shall be opened to circulating water pump A&B and electromotor cooling water inlet valve, and then to adjust the opening of valves (rubber bearing shall be filled with water for 20mins washing in the first startup). To adjust lube cooling water pressure of circulating water pump A&B until achieving normal condition. Lube oil level and quality of Motor bearing of circulating water pump A&B is normal with oil temperature not less than 15℃; oil level of hydraulic control butterfly valve shall be at 1/2~1/3, l) Interlock switching of circulating water pump set at “CUTTOFF” position, and then power supply will be provided to circulating water pump. Circulating water pump protection shall be put into service. Startup of Circulating Water Pump Operate rotary filter screen continuously, pressure difference before/after filter screen shall be <100mm.

j) k)

8.3.1.2 a)

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Circulating pump is provided with startup condition. Press “SEQUENCE STARTUP” button of circulating water pump. Hydraulic control butterfly valve at the outlet is opening gradually, and then circulating water pump starts up when the valve opens to 15º. Hydraulic control butterfly valve at the outlet opens keep opening and will be fully open in 25s. Current, circulating water manifold pressure and pump and electromotor bearing of circulating water pump are normal; When the pressure difference before/after rotary filter screen is <100mm, then filter screen can be shutdown if no sundries being filtered off.

8.3.1.3 Circulating Water Pump Shutdown a) b) c) d) Press “SEQUENCE STARTUP” button of circulating water pump Hydraulic control butterfly valve at the outlet is closing gradually, and then circulating water pump shutdown when the valve closes to 15º. Hydraulic control butterfly valve at the outlet opens keep closing without circulating water pump inversion. Idle circulating water pump will be on standby or maintained according to the actual situation.

8.3.1.4 Circulating Water Pump Shifting a) b) c) d) Standby circulating water is provided with startup condition. Startup standby circulating water pump according to startup sequence of circulating water pump; attention shall be paid to the pressure changing of circulating manifold. Standby pump starts normally; Operating pump shall be stopped according to the shutdown sequence of circulating water pump; attention shall be paid to the pressure changing of circulating manifold; pump shall not operate inversely after shutdown. Idle circulating water pump will be on standby or maintained according to the actual situation.

e)

8.3.1.5 Operating Maintenance of Circulating Water Pump a) b) c) d) Pump current and water outlet pressure is normal during operating. Lube oil level of from bearing on the circulating water pump Motor is at 1/2-2/3; oil quality and cooling water flux is normal; Water level difference before/after filter screen of cleaning machine shall be less than 400mm. Bearing temperature of running circulating water pump electromotor shall not be higher than 70℃(alarm warning at 70℃, protection will act at 80℃); thrust bush temperature shall not be higher than 75℃(alarm warning at 95℃); winding temperature of Motor

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stator winding shall not be higher than 80℃(alarm warning at 110℃ and protection will Upper and lower shaft vibration of running circulating water pump Motor shall not be larger than 0.06mm. Adjustment shall be carried out when the cooling water pressure decreases to 0.1MPa.

8.3.1.6 Startup and Shutdown of Rotary Filter Screen a) b) c) d) e) f) All gauges completed and power is available normally; Lube oil quality of lube components is qualified; lube level is normal; Tightness degree of chain is appropriate, main axis is level; Alarm device is available; Rotary filter screen shall be accepted by manual inching test and no-load test before operation. Auto startup of rotary filter screen 1) Flushing water pump will startup automatically when the water level difference before/after the filter screen achieved 100mm(adjustable); to open motorized valve of flushing water, the rotary filter screen will startup automatically after 10s(adjustable) 2) Rotary filter screen will be shut down after 15mins (adjustable) continuous flushing and the water level difference before/after the rotary filter screen lower than 50mm; and then close to close motorized valve of flushing water, finally to shutdown flushing water pump. 3) If the water level difference is still more then 50mm within the specified 15 mins flushing time, the flushing will be go on until the water level difference before/after the rotary filter screen lower than 50mm.Meanwhile, alarm signal will be sent to the shifting room(or control room). 4) If the water source is clean which results in the water level difference before/after filter screen cannot achieves 100mm, rotary filter screen and flushing water pump will be operated 15min(adjustable) automatically each 8 hours; 1-1.5 rounds will be applied to each operation flushing. 5) Alarm signal will be sent to control room immediately when the water level before/after filter screen achieves or more than 400mm. g) Rotary Filter Screen Startup in Manual Way: 1) When the rotary filter screen fails to operate, manual running will be applied; manual running shall be carried out twice during each shift according to the start up sequence of: flush pump – electric valve – filter screen, shutdown will base on the sequence of filter screen – electric valve – flush pump; 2) Manual way will apply when the rotary filter screen meet the startup condition with large filter screen differential pressure;

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3) Flushing water pump starts up by opening the outlet manual valve and the electric valve of corresponding rotary filter screen water source; pump outlet pressure is 0.3~0.5 MPa; 4) Switching sets at manual position, then startup rotary filter screen to check if the rotation parts is operating normally; attention shall be paid to the operating sound and vibration as well as heating of each parts; relevant flushing water will be provided and drained to sewer tunnel outlet; 5) Rotary filter screen operates stably without blockage and serious twist; 6) Sewage in the cleaning groove shall be removed by flushing water. h) Rotary Filter Screen Shutdown: 1) Rotary filter screen can be shutdown when the pressure difference is small; 2) Cutoff the power for Motor, power gauge shown “zero”; 3) Rotary filter screen stops operating without abnormity; 4) Shutdown flush pump. i) Operating Maintenance of Rotary Filter Screen 1) Sewage cleaning shall be carried out in time according to the original water; sewage cleaning shall be strengthen continuously; for the cleaning water source, filter screen shall be runned 1-1.5 round in each 8 hours; 2) Nozzel shall be checked and cleaned termly to improve cleaning quality; 3) Safety device shall be inspected frequently to ensre safety operation; 4) According to the alarm signal for chain loosening, chain shall be calibrated in time; 5) Inspection and repair shall be carried out if the chain or screen plate being blocked during operating; 8.3.1.7 Condenser Rubber Ball Cleaning System a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Ensure circulating water system and outlet siphon are normal, and outlet/inlet water valve of condenser is open; Ensure the differential pressure before/after ball collector is normal, then operator records the vacuum, TTD/DCA and temperature increasing of condenser; Check the rotor plate of rubber ball cleaning pump to ensure normal bearing oil level and quality. Overall inspection of condenser; Rubber collector A&B set at ball collecting position; Add 700 balls with φ29 into ball chamber A&B respectively; Open water inlet/outlet valve of rubber ball pump, water outlet valve and vent valve of ball chamber; Apply rubber ball cleaning procedure and startup rubber ball pump; vent valve of ball chamber will be closed automatically after water drain off;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Water outlet valve of ball chamber shall be opened adequately and screen plate of ball chamber shall be opened; rubber balls shall be checked to ensure they are into main system completely; Screen plate of ball chamber sets at “balls collecting” position after 24 hours operation; balls collecting time will be 30 mins; Close outlet valve of rubber ball pump, and then shutdown the pump and the water outlet valve of ball chamber; Water drain and vent valve of ball chamber will be opened for water drain and pressure releasing; hand hole will be opened to count the rubber after complete water draining; ball return rate shall be more than 95%;

j) k) l)

m) Ball collector on water outlet pipe of circulating water shall set at “FLUSHING” position after cleaning according to the real situation. 8.3.1.8 Condenser Isolation Cleaning and Leakage Checking (Half) a) Ball cleaning device of the part to be shutdown shall finish ball collecting, balls stop running, then ball cleaning procedure will be exited; meanwhile power for rubber ball pump will be cut of; Shifting engineer is informed to loading down below 75% according to the unit vacuum situation; Water inlet/outlet of condenser circulating water operated side shall be opened properly; Close isolation valve from shutdown side to vacuum pump inlet; Close condenser exhaust vacuum isolation valve of shutdown side; Close inlet/outlet valve of condenser shutdown side and to open drain valves on inlet/outlet pipe; Vent valve of condenser shutdown side shall be opened adequately to destroy its outlet siphoning; Drain valve of condenser shutdown side water chamber shall be opened for water drain and pressure releasing; Cutoff the power for the following devices: 1) condenser pump inlet/outlet electric valves 2) Rubber ball pump. 3) Electric inlet/outlet valve of rubber ball pump. j) After water pressure decreased to zero, manhole of shutdown side shall be opened slowly for cleaning and leakage checking; condenser vacuum shall be checking during isolation procedure, If vacuum drops, operation shall be stopped immediately to recover the vacuum;

b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i)

8.3.1.9 Condenser Recovery after Isolation Cleaning.

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Condenser overhaul is complete; personnel leave site complete, tools and waste are removed completely; holes and valves are closed, and then power shall be provided to the following devices: 1) Inlet/outlet electric valves of condensers. 2) Rubber ball pump. 3) Rubber ball pump inlet/outlet electric valve.

b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i)

Close all drain valves of condensate circulating water. Circulating water outlet valve opens 10% Open condenser water inlet valve gradually; Vent valve on circulating water inlet/outlet pipes shall be closed after water is drain off; Open electric valve of circulating water outlet gradually; Water outlet valve on two sides of condenser circulating water shall be adjusted to ensure average water temperature; Condenser vacuum valve of shutdown side shall be opened slowly to adequate opening after water side of condenser circulating water working normally; Open water inlet valve of water chamber vacuum pump; to open the isolation valve form reported water chamber to inlet of water chamber vacuum pump according to the actual need; Unit load will be recovered according to the condenser vacuum if necessary, or to carry out cleaning of the other side; Condenser rubber cleaning device procedure can be applied according to the actual need.

j) k)

8.3.2 Open Water System 8.3.2.1 Startup of Open Circulating Cooling Water Pump a) Inspection and repair for opened cooling water system have completed; working order form is finished; safety measures is removed; Construction site is cleaning; C&I instrument are complete, instruction valves are open. Oil level of bearing shall be at 1/2-2/3 with normal quality. Confirm that the circulating water system operates normally. Clean the filter screen of opened circulating cooling watr , and then to close the drain valve. Open water inlet valve of opened circulating cooling water pump. The vent valve of open circulating cooling water pump shall be opened, and then it shall be closed after air exhausting completely. Open water outlet valve of opened circulating cooling water pump. Open the inlet/outlet valve of closed water heat exchanger which to be started (two sets operating and one set standby in total 3 heater exchangers A, B and C); to open water

b) c) d) e) f) g)

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side vent valve of closed water heat exchanger, and then it shall be closed after water drain off continuously. h) Power will be supplied to opened circulating cooling water pump after insulation of Motor is qualified; Motor power shall be provided to the test position for the first startup after overhaul, and switch static open/close test is accepted; Motor operates normally without coupling. Close outlet valve of opened pump and the cooling water control switch; if water pump and Motor operate in good condition, outlet valve of open circulating water will be opened. Bypass electric valve shall be opened before opened circulating cooling water pump shutdown.

i)

j)

8.3.2.2 Shutdown of opened circulating cooling water pump a) b) Bypass operates in good condition Close outlet valve of open circulating cooling water pump slowly, and then open circulating cooling water pump shall be shutdown if the closed heat exchanger operates normally. If opened circulating cooling water pump need to be shutdown or bypass need to be closed, the system shall be checked to ensure that no system users operate.

c)

8.3.2.3 Operation Maintenance of Open Circulating Cooling Water Pump a) b) c) d) e) Current and outlet water pressure of operating pump are normal. Motor, bearing temperature and gland water return shall be normal; Operating pump and Motor bearing vibration shall be normal; No alarm warning for pressure difference of opened circulating water filter screen; filter screen shall be cleaned termly according to the working requirement; When opened circulating water pump tripped or pressure decreased to 0.18MPa, bypass operation shall be adjusted to ensure normal working condition for closed circulating water heat exchanger. In the normal operation, a group of device will be standby while the other group puts into service.

8.3.3 Closed Water System 8.3.3.1 Startup of Closed Circulating Cooling Water Pump a) Inspection and repair have completed; working order form is finished; safety measures is removed; Construction site is cleaning; C&I marks is complete, instruction valves are open; the inlet/outlet valve of Motor cooler shall be closed if no pressure in the Motor. to open the isolation valve form condensate transferpump to closed expansion water tank, to close inlet valve of closed water pump; drain valve shall be opened to wash the expansion water tank, and then water level of expansion water tank shall be filled to the overflow pipe after water is qualified, and then to closed the tank. Condensate is accepted to apply in the above procedure, but condensate shall not used as make-up water during normal operation to avoid water quality affected by different water.

b)

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c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Vent valve after closed circulating water outlet valve shall be closed after water is draining off continuously. Open the water inlet valve of closed cooling water pump A&B to open the van valve of closed circulating water pump A &B, and then close after air exhausting completely; pressure difference before/after closed pump inlet filter is normal; Open water outlet valve of closed cooling water pump A&B. Sampling valve before water outlet valve of closed cooling water pump A&B shall be closed. Open closed inlet/outlet valve, pressure governor valve and front/back electric butterfly valve of two heat exchangers; close drain valve and vent valve. At least a group of cooler is put into service. Power will be supplied to opened circulating cooling water pump after insulation of Motor is qualified; Motor power shall be provided to the test position for the first startup after overhaul, and switch static open/close test and interlock loop test is accepted; Motor operates normally without coupling. Controlling switch of closed circulating water pump shall be closed to check if the water pump and Motor operate normally. Standby pump interlock shall be set at “INPUT” position.

k) l)

8.3.3.2 Shutdown of Closed Cooling Water Pump a) b) c) Shifting engineer, shifting personnel of Chemical, FGD and boiler group shall be informed before closed circulating pump shutdown. Interlock of standby closed circulating cooling water pump shall be cutoff. Closed circulating cooling water pump shutdown without inversion operation, or the water outlet valve of inversed operate water pump shall be closed immediately; startup is forbidden when water pump is inversion operating to avoid equipment damage. If both the closed circulating cooling water pumps need to be shutdown, the system shall be checked to ensure that no any user; if cooling water is required by chemical and FGD, it shall be provided from adjacent units.

d)

8.3.3.3 Closed Heat Exchanger Shifting (e.g.: Operation changed from A to B) a) b) c) d) e) f) Closed water pressure, water level of water tank shall be recorded and shifting engineer shall be informed before closed heat exchanger shifting; Close bottom water drain valve of closed heat exchanger B;

Open water inlet valve of closed heat exchanger B slightly for water filling. Vent valve of closed heat exchanger B opens slightly, and it shall be closed when water comes out. Water inlet valve of closed heat exchanger B opens slowly to observe water level changing of closed water tank. Open cooling water inlet valve of closed heat exchanger B.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Cooling water side vent valve of closed heat exchanger B is closed. Cooling water side drain valve of closed heat exchanger B is closed. Open cooling water outlet valve of closed heat exchanger B. Water outlet valve of closed heat exchanger B shall be opened slowly and attention shall be paid to the closed water pressure changing. Cooling water outlet vale of closed heat exchanger B shall be adjusted to maintain the temperature of closed water less than 38℃. Water inlet valve of closed heat exchanger A shall be closed slowly and attention shall be paid to the changing of closed water pressure.

m) Close water outlet valve of closed heat exchanger A. n) Close cooling water inlet valve of closed heat exchanger A. o) Close cooling water outlet valve of closed heat exchanger A. p) q) r) Open the cooling water drain valve on two ends of closed heat exchanger A. Shifting engineer inform chemical group to test the hardness of closed water. To record the shifting time of closed heat exchanger.

8.3.3.4 Operation Maintenance of Closed Circulating Cooling Water Pump a) b) c) d) e) f) Water level of expansion water tank is normal; water level adjustment system of expansion water tank shall put into service. Outlet pressure of operating pump shall not be less than 0.5MPa. Operating pump current and outlet water pressure are normal. Motor and bearing temperature of operating pump is normal; Motor and bearing vibration of operating pump is normal; When closed circulating cooling water pump trips or manifold pressure of closed circulating cooling water decreased to 0.3MPa, standby closed circulating cooling water pump will startup automatically and alarm warning; When water level of water tank achieves 1800mm, High water level switch will act to alarm at control room; when water level of water tank decreased to 1500mm, low water level switch will act to alarm, meanwhile, water makeup governor valve of expansion water tank will be fully open; when water level of water tank decreased to 500, LL water level switch will act to alarm in the control room. After closed cooling water pump trips, and standby cooling water pump fails to act in 3 secs. Shutdown protection pump will startup automatically; water source of shutdown protection pump is induced from condensate storage tank; attention shall be pay to the water level, if shutdown protection pump fails to startup or trips automatically after startup, manual cooling water inlet valve from expansion water tank and boiler-water circulating pump. Meanwhile, attention shall be paid to other temperature changing.

g)

h)

8.3.4 Condensate System

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

8.3.4.1 Startup of Condensate Pump Inspection and repair have completed; working order form is finished; safety measures is removed; Construction site is cleaning; C&I marks is complete, instruction valves are open. Closed water system runs normal; condenser level is normal and condensate quality is accepted. Air side of condenser is closed. Oil level of pump bearings are normal; Startup condensate drain pump and the main valve from condensate drain pump to condensate sealing water, water returns to sewer tunne. Bearing cooling water, mechanical sealing water of condenser pump shall be supplied, and cooling water return is expedited. Open water inlet valve of condensate pump A and B. Close water outlet valve of condensate pump A and B. Close the discharge valve before water outlet valve of condensate pump A and B. to open air vent of condensate system pipes and LP heaters; To open condensate recirculating valve. Shifting engineer is informed to require chemical group to cutoff the condensate demineralizer device. Interlock of condensate pump is in “OFF” status.

b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l)

m) To provide operation power, pump interlock tripping test is qualified. n) Power will be supplied to opened circulating cooling water pump after insulation of Motor is qualified; Motor power shall be provided to the test position for the first startup after overhaul, and switch static open/close test is accepted; Motor operates normally without coupling(counter-clockwise viewed from Motor side). To close the control switch of condensate pump A&B, lights up, and then water outlet valve will be opened automatically, or manual opening shall be applied (Condensate pump operation time shall not exceed 2 mins if the outlet valve of water pump is closed); current, water outlet pressure, sound, vibration and bearing temperature of condensate pump shall be normal. Vent valve of condensate system shall be closed after water can be seen. Interlock switch of standby condensate pump sets at “INPUT” position, and then outlet valve of standby outlet valve opens automatically. Drain valve of LP heater #5 outlet will be opened to wash the condensate systan unit water is qualified. If the boiler water filling is carried out by condensate pump, manual valve for water filling shall be closed. Shifting engineer inform chemical group to apply deminerized device.

o)

p) q) r) s) t)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Open self-sealing governor valve of condensate pump and to close the manual valve form condensate drain pump to condensate pump sealing water. Unit shutdown, steam exhaust temperature of LP cylinder is lower than 50℃; other condensate users are shutdown and meet the shutdown condition; Release interlock of condensate pump; Water level governor valve of deaerator cut off and sets at manual position; Condensate pump shut down and then water outlet valve will close automatically; Water level governor valve of hot well and make-up water switch to manual position and close; The relevant valves shift to manual status.

8.3.4.2 Condensate pump shutdown a) b) c) d) e) f)

8.3.4.3 Switching of Condensate Pump a) b) c) d) Cutoff the interlock for standby condensate. Air valve of standby condensate pump shall be opened fully. Close water outlet valve of standby condensate pump. Close the control switch of standby condensate pump, red lamp lights up, and then water outlet valve of condensate pump will be opened automatically, or manual opening shall be applied. Current, outlet water pressure, sound, vibration and bearing temperature of condensate pump shall be normal. Close the operated water outlet valve of condensate pump. to press the “STOP” button, green lamp lights up, and then water pump current will decreased to zero; no pump inversion. Interlock switch shall be set at “STANDBY” position if condensate pump shutdown for standby;

e)

f)

8.3.4.4 Operation Maintenance of Condensate Pump a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Oil level, oil quality, temperature, vibration and sound of pump bearing shall be checked frequently and maintained normal situation. Pump sealing and cooling water is normal; not heating and water-shedding in operating pump shaft gland with overflow sealing water. No leakage in pipes and valves of the system. Current, outlet water pressure of operating pump is normal; Condensate pump operation time shall not exceed 2 mins if the outlet valve of water pump is closed. Water level of condensate shall be maintained at 670-820mm. When condensate pump trips or the manifold pressure of condensate decreased to 1.6MPa, standby condensate pump will startup automatically and alarming.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Water levels of condenser decrease to 300mm, the operating condensate pump trips automatically. Condensate pump trips automatically if thrust bearing temperature of condensate pump is higher than 80℃. Condensate pump trips and its corresponding water outlet valve will closed automatically. Bypass electric valve of condensate governor valve: when the condensate governor valve is failure, bypass valve shall be opened by manual governor valve to filling water into deaerator; but water level can be controlled automatically. Governor valve of LP bypass desuperheater water shall interact with turbine LP bypass valve.

l)

m) LP bypass 2nd stage desuperheater water shall interact with turbine LP bypass valve. n) Opening condition of flash tank water spray electric valve of HP heater emergency drain: any drain valve to HP flash tank is open, or steam exhaust pipe of flash tank is higher than 80℃. Water curtain spray governor valve of condenser will be open if turbine LP bypass is open (or condenser temperature achieves 80℃). Overflow control valve of deaerator water tank will be opened automatically when the water level of deaerator water tank is up to 2950mm. If water make-up by condenser vacuum directly cannot meet the requirement, condensate transferpump shall be opened for water filling.

o) p) q)

8.3.4.5 Condensate Transferpump Startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely. Ensure chemical, service water, closed water and condensate system operate normally with qualified water quality. Oil level of pump bearing is normal; Water level of storage tank is normal; System shall be checked before startup, valves of condensate system shall be set at specified state. Open water inlet valve of condensate transferpump and outlet valve of condensate drain pump; recirculating valve of condensate drain pump shall be opened properly. Operating power supplies for pump operation. Pump dynamical power shall be supplied after pump Motor isolation is qualified; Motor shall be tested without coupling if it’s the first startup after overhaul. Control switch of condensate transferpump shall be closed to check the current, water outlet pressure, sound, vibration and bearing temperature of condensate pump. Bypass of condensate drain pump shall be opened properly;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

8.3.4.6 Condensate Transferpump Shutdown To ensure no users need water. to close water outlet valve of condensate transferpump: press the “STOP” bottom on the pump and then pump current decrease to zero. Pump is standby or overhaul will be decided as per actual situation.

8.3.4.7 Operation Maintenance of Condensate Transferpump a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Oil level, quality of pump bearing shall be checked frequently to ensure it is normal; No burning and water-shedding on panel root of operating pump On valves of system pipes shall be checked to ensure no leakage. Current and outlet water pressure of operating pump shall be checked to ensure it’s normal; Pump operating shall not exceed 2 mins if its outlet valve is closed; If condensate transferpump trips, corresponding water outlet valve will closed automatically; Storage tank connecting pipe between two units shall be closed under normal operating condition.

8.3.5 Auxiliary Steam System 8.3.5.1 Application of Auxiliaries Steam System a) Electric and pneumatic valves shall be commissioned before auxiliary steam system application is put into service. Action governing valve for auxiliary steam safety valve shall satisfy the requirement; system shall be checked to ensure it’s in good condition. open drain valve of auxiliary steam, and open the drain valve on other steam pipeline to drain the water; open the isolation valve on plant steam manifold; plant steam manifold can be warmed by opening the connection valve of adjacent units slightly, attention shall be paid to water induction of plant steam manifold; open the electric valve for adjacent unit to auxiliary steam header to warm-up the pipes of auxiliary steam header for 20 mins; pressure of auxiliary header pressure shall be maintained at the range of 0.2-0.3MPa; Pressure shall be increased to normal value (0.65—0.83MPa) by the rate of 0.1-0.2MPa/min after warming up. drain valve opening shall be decreased to maintain at 1~2 round for continuous draining; Pressure of Auxiliary steam header shall maintain: pressure range within 0.65-0.85MPa, and temperature range within 320℃; To open electric valve of 4th stage steam exhauster to auxiliary steam after the pressure of 4th stage steam achieving auxiliary steam pressure. Governor valve from cold reheat to steam inlet shall be closed automatically;

b) c)

d)

e)

f) g)

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to close the steam inlet drain valve after the electric valve of 4th stage steam exhauster to auxiliary steam; Adjacent unit steam supply shall be cutoff after steam supply is stable; Auxiliary steam header and its steam source, automatic water drainer for users operate normally;

8.3.5.2 Auxiliary Steam System Shutdown a) Permit from shifting engineer shall be obtained before auxiliary steam shutdown; and the auxiliary steam system shall have effective isolation with other operating units before shutdown; Close the isolation valve of startup steam to auxiliary steam of 300MW unit. Close steam inlet valve of cold reheat and 4th stage steam exhauster to auxiliary steam header; Close the steam inlet isolation valve of auxiliary steam to the users Open drain valve of auxiliary steam header. Stop steam supply to auxiliary steam users. Close steam inlet valve of cold reheat and 4th stage steam exhauster to auxiliary steam header.

b) c) d) e) f) g)

8.3.6 Gland Steam Supply System 8.3.6.1 Preparation before application a) b) c) d) e) f) turbine is in barring state; Circulating water and condensate system operates normally, the condensate flux through shaft gland heater shall >250m3/h; Water level of shaft gland heater is normal; ensure steam source of governors valves are supplied with normal pressure; Interlock before startup is completed; test shall be maintained and the action is normal; Electrical group delivery power to the electric valves of shaft gland system.

8.3.6.2 Gland System Application: a) b) To confirm that auxiliary steam header operates normally, and pay attention to the pressure change. Open steam inlet valve of auxiliary steam header to shaft gland manifold, and then open the steam inlet governor valve of auxiliary steam header to shaft gland manifold to drain the water and warm the shaft gland manifold. Open drain valve of shaft gland heater; Startup gland steam condenser exhauster (GSCE) and check its turning direction, vibration and sound. Drain valves shall be closed after ensuring that manifold temperature is normal.

c) d) e)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Ensure temperature difference between mantel surface of HP/IP cylinder rotor and gland steam is normal within the permit range. Open steam inlet governor valve of auxiliary steam to shaft gland manifold. Micro scale vacuum shall reserve in the steam glands of turbine to ensure not steam away form the steam gland. The pressure of each shaft gland shall be maintained in the range of 0.028-0.03MPa. LP gland steam temperature shall be maintained at 121-177 ℃ . Gland steam desuperheat water valve shall be opened when the temperature of gland steam higher than 150℃.

k)

Close all drain valves from auxiliary steam to shaft gland steam supply pipe.

8.3.6.3 Shaft Gland System Shutdown: a) b) c) d) e) f) Main condenser vacuum is zero. Shutdown gland steam condenser exhauster (GSCE) Steam supply governor valve and overflow valve of shaft gland shall be closed immediately after gland steam condenser exhauster (GSCE) shutdown. Open drain valves of shaft gland manifold. Close electric isolation valve before steam supply governor valve of shaft gland. Manifold pressure shall be rechecked to endure its zero after shaft gland steam stopping.

8.3.6.4 Operation and Maintenance of Gland Steam System a) Sources of gland steam for this project include 4 types: new steam, cold reheat steam, auxiliary steam and self-sealing steam. Shaft gland steam will be supplied by auxiliary steam under cold start conditions; shaft gland steam will be supplied by leakage of HP/IP cylinder shaft gland; new steam, cold reheat steam and auxiliary steam will be applied as auxiliary steam source for shaft gland. Adjusted principle of shaft gland manifold pressure: no steam away at the HP shaft gland and no air suction at LP shaft gland. When the pressure of shaft gland manifold decreases to 0.020MPa during unit operating, cold reheat steam shall be open to supply electric valve of shaft gland; when the pressure of shaft gland manifold decreases t 0.0276MPa, steam supply electric valve form auxiliary steam to shaft gland shall be opened; when the pressure of shaft gland manifold decreases to 0.015MPa, steam supply electric valve of main steam to shaft gland shall be opened. When the pressure of shaft gland manifold increases to 0.035MPa, steam supply electric valve of auxiliary steam, main steam, cold reheat to shaft gland will be closed by gland steam overflow valve automatically to maintain normal pressure of shaft gland manifold. Water level shall be kept in gland steam condenser exhauster during operating; drain valve at the bottom of gland steam condenser exhauster shall keep open.

b) c)

d)

e)

8.3.7 Main Lube System

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

8.3.7.1 Lube System Startup Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely; instruction valves are open. System shall be in good condition and valves set at specified position. Motor power will be supplied to the test position after insulation of Motor is qualified; dynamic power of AC lube oil pump shall be provided after switch static open/close test is accepted; Oil level of main oil tank shall be at ±150mm; Power for smoke fan of mail oil tank is available and qualified by testing. Electric heating device of main oil tank sets at “AUTO” position. Startup smoke fan A or B, and standby fan interlock shall be switch on. Press “STARTUP” button of AC motorized oil pump, to check the current is normal, outlet oil pressure shall be 0.26-0.28MPa and lube oil shall be 0.096-0.124MPa. AC motorized oil pump operates normally without oil leakage, and then DC lube oil pump interlock switches on. A set of oil cooler stands by while the other one puts in to service. Oil shall be filled to the oil cooler as per specification after overhaul; when the oil temperature is up to 43℃, cooling water shall be applied to oil cooler to maintain the temperature at 38—42℃. LP interlock of AC/DC lube oil pump shall be tested according to the specified time period.

d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k)

l)

8.3.7.2 Lube System Shutdown a) b) c) d) e) Lube system shutdown must be carried out after turbine at static state. Baring and jacking pump shall be at shutdown state before lube system application; sealing system is stop. Cutoff AC/DC lube oil pumps interlock. Press “STOP” button of AC lube oil pump, green lamp lights up; current is zero and outlet pressure is zero. Shutdown smoking fan of main oil tank. Close water inlet/outlet valve of oil cooler.

8.3.7.3 Oil Screen Shifting of Main Oil Cooler (e.g.: A shift to B) a) b) c) d) e) Report to shifting engineer and record the lube oil pressure value. Open oil inlet valve of oil screen B slightly and observe the oil pressure changing. Vent valve of oil screen B shall be opened slightly and then closed when oil is overflow from the vent valve. Open oil inlet valve B slowly. Open oil outlet valve B slowly to observe oil pressure changing.

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Inlet/outlet valve of oil filter B should be opened fully and after oil pressure is stable, oil inlet/outlet valve of oil screen B shall be locked by chain. Close oil inlet valve A slowly to observe oil pressure changing. Close oil outlet valve A slowly. Open vent valve of filter A to drain the residual completely. Inform overhaul group to clean the filter. Open oil inlet valve slightly of filter A to fill oil after filter screen cleaning. Vent valve shall be closed when oil flows out.

m) Close oil inlet valve of oil screen A, and open oil outlet valve of oil screen for standby. n) Operating time of oil screen shifting shall be recorded.

8.3.7.4 Turbine lube oil screen bypass valve operation change to oil screen operation. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Ask shifting engineer for instruction and record the lube oil pressure. Open the oil inlet valve of oil cooler oil screen on the side to be applied slightly; Open the vent valve of oil cooler oil screen on the side to be applied slightly and close after oil flow out. Open the oil screen inlet valve of oil cooler on the side which to be applied slowly. Open the oil screen outlet valve of oil cooler on the side which to be applied slowly, and pay attention to the lube pressure change. Lock the oil inlet/outlet valve of oil cooler oil screen by chain after application. Close bypass valve of oil cooler oil screen slowly and pay attention to lube oil pressure change. Record the operation time of oil screen switching.

8.3.7.5 Turbine Lube Oil Screen Operation Shifts to Oil Screen Bypass Valve Operation. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Ask shifting engineer for instruction and record the lube oil pressure. Open the oil screen bypass of oil cooler slowly, pay attention to the lube pressure change. Close the oil inlet valve of operating side oil cooler slowly, pay attention to the lube pressure change. Close the oil outlet valve of operating side oil cooler slowly, pay attention to the lube pressure change。 If the oil screen of oil cooler is dirty, vent valve of oil cooler oil screen shall be opened to drain the residual oil. Turbine group shall be informed for cleaning and overhaul. Open oil inlet valve of oli cooler oil screen for oil filling after cleaning. Close vent valve if oil flows out of the vent valve.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Open oil outlet valve of oil cooler, close cooling water inlet valve of oil cooler, and open cooling water outlet of oil cooler as standby. Record the operating time of oil cooler oil screen shifting.

8.3.7.6 Turbine Oil Cooler Shifting (e.g. A operation changes to B operation.) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Ask shifting engineer for instruction and record lube oil pressure and oil level of water tank. Open oil inlet valve of oil cooler B slightly for oil filling, and pay attention to the oil level change of oil tank. Continuous oil flow can be observe from the oil return window of oil cooler B. Close water outlet valve of oil cooler B Close water inlet valve of oil cooler B Open vent valves on two sides of oil cooler B water chamber slightly. Close vent valve when water runs out from vent valve. to open oil inlet valve slowly and observe the change of sliding oil pressure Water outlet valve of oil cooler B shall be opened fully. Oil outlet valve of oil cooler B shall be opened fully. Water inlet governor valve of oil cooler shall be adjusted to maintain the lube oil temperature at 38—42℃. To lock the oil inlet/outlet valves of oil cooler B by chain.

m) Close oil inlet valve of oil cooler A slowly, and pay attention to the change of lube oil pressure. n) o) p) q) Close oil outlet valve of oil cooler A Close cooling water inlet valve f oil cooler A. Water outlet valve of oil cooler A shall be closed if oil cooler A is overhauling. Record the operating time of turbine oil cooler shifting.

8.3.8 Turbine Jacking Oil and Barring Device 8.3.8.1 Startup of jacking oil pump ad barring device a) b) c) d) Continuous barring must be applied before 4 hours of turbine running. Turbine shall be continuously barring before hot startup. For the first startup after installation or overhaul, turbine shall be turned manually for 360° firstly before continuous barring. Jacking oil pump can be operate only after lube system operating stably; barring can be apply only after lube pump, seal oil system and jacking oil pump operate normally. To startup barring without lube, seal oil system and jacking oil pressure by force is forbidden.

8.3.8.2 Manual Startup Procedure of Jacking Oil Pump:

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely; C&I instrument are complete and instrument valves are opened; Motor power shall be provided to the test position after insulation of motor is qualified, and dynamical power shall be provided to jacking oil pump after switch static open/close and loop interlock test is accepted; Lube shall be opened to the main oil valve of jacking pump and oil inlet valve of other pumps. Check the jacking oil system to ensure the system is in good condition. Operating switch of jacking oil pump A & B set at “LOCAL” position respectively, to startup two sets of jacking oil pump and pumps operates normally; jacking oil pressure of bearings shall be controlled at the range of 8.3-10.3MPa by adjusting outlet overflow valve. Apply interlock of jacking oil pump.

b)

c) d) e)

f)

8.3.8.3 Manual startup procedures of barring: a) b) c) d) e) Ensure the shifting switch “Inching/continuous” set at “continuous” position. Ensure jacking oil pressure of bearings is larger than 4.13MPa;oil-injection solenoid of barring is injecting; end cover of motor shaft covers at correct position. Ensure lube pressure of bearings are normal, TSI, DEH and local eccentricity gauge have been applied. Set toothing handle of barring at toothing position (if barring is applied after shutdown, this operation shall be carried out after the turning speed decreasing to zero) If the tooth handle fails to set at toothing position, the shaft end cover of motor shall be removed, and then to roll the motor rotor in clockwise direction until the tooth handling setting at toothing position, after that motor shaft end cover can be installed and positioned. Press “STARTUP” button on local control panel, barring gear shall operate normally with the speed of 3r/min. Eccentricity of shaft shall not larger than 0.076mm after barring gear startup; to hear whether the cylinder and shaft gland area is gritting.

f) g)

8.3.8.4 Auto startup procedure of jacking oil pump and barring gear: a) b) Operation switch of jacking oil pump A&B set at “AUTO” position. Ensure other condition for manual startup have been satisfied;

c) When turbine turning speed decreased to 180r/min, Jacking oil pump A&B startup automatically and oil injection solenoid valve of barring gear starts oil injecting at the same time. d) Barring mashes automatically if: 1) Oil injection pressure >0.034MPa;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

2) Jacking oil pressure>4.2MPa 3) Turbine Speed is “Zero” 4) “inching/continuous” switch sets at “continuous” position. 5) Shaft end cover of barring Motor is turned at the right position. 6) Lube is normal. e) After the barring automatic toothing, barring motor startup automatically, to hear whether the cylinder and shaft gland is grating; eccentricity of rotor shall be <0.076mm.

8.3.8.5 Shutdown of jacking oil pump and barring gear. a) Temperature of HP cylinder the 1st stage mental and IP blade carrier ring shall be ≤150 ℃ ; barring gear can be shutdown only when the temperature difference between upper and lower cylinder is ≤20℃. b) c) d) e) Press “STOP” button on local control panel, green lights up and barring gear is shutdown. Set barring tooth handle at “OFF” position. Cutoff interlock of jacking oil pump, stop jacking oil pump operation, outlet pressure of jacking oil pump decreases to zero. During startup procedure, barring trips if the turning speed is faster than barring speed, barring motor stops automatically.

8.3.8.6 Relevant Regulation of Barring Operation and Shutdown. a) After normal shutdown, barring shall keep operating for 4 hours at least if barring have to shutdown in a short time; and then the shutdown time shall not exceed 15 mins; meanwhile, oil system shall maintain operating as much as possible. After the above barring shutdown, if barring shutdown still necessary, it can be shut down for half hour under the condition of barring continuously operates for 2 hours, and barring and oil system shall be startup to roll the rotor for 180° at the 15th mins. If rotor stops half hour, barring shall be carried out for 2 hours, and in the following 6 hours, barring system shall be startup each 30 mins, rotor rolls for 180°. Periodical barring time can be extend after 6 hours according to the actual need. Lube temperature shall maintain at 38~49℃ during barring period; Mental temperature of bearings shall be normal. Seal oil operates normally. b) c) d) Continuous barring shall be stopped if cylinder is grating during baring and barring shall be changed to 180° turning each half hour; continuous barring by force is forbidden. If turbine rotor being jammed, barring by force is forbidden. Barring restarup after interrupting shall roll the barring for 180° firstly, and then stay half time of twice barring time until the rotor eccentricity of local panel is normal. After that continuous barring can be applied.

b)

c)

8.3.8.7 Notices for Barring a)

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8.3.9 Generator Sealing Oil System 8.3.9.1 Inspection before startup of sealing oil system a) Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely; C&I instruments are complete and instrument valves are opened. Ensure the system is in good condition and valves set in the specified state. Motor power shall be provided to the test position after insulation of motor is qualified, and dynamical power shall be provided to seal oil pump after switch static open/close and loop interlock test is accepted. Seal oil system shall be applied before generator hydrogen filling, and the lube system of turbine is applied. Seal oil pressure of double flow ring shall be maintained when generator hydrogen is filling or rotor rolling; under normal condition, hydrogen pressure is 0.31MPa, seal oil pressure shall maintain 0.084MPa higher than hydrogen pressure. Smoke fan on air side oil tank shall operate continuously when generator has hydrogen inside; pressure in oil tank shall be maintained at 500—250Pa. To ensure qualified hydrogen purity, hydrogen side seal oil pressure shall be 0-490Pa higher than air side seal oil pressure.

b) c)

d) e)

f) g)

8.3.9.2 Sealing Oil System Startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Ensure lube system operates normally, electric heating will be applied according to the oil pressure. Startup air side seal oil pump, red lights up; air side seal oil pump operates normally and outlet oil pressure is normal. Apply interlock of air side DC seal oil pump After oil level of hydrogen seal oil tank is normal, to startup hydrogen side seal oil pump, red lights up, and hydrogen side oil pump operates normally. Main differential pressure valve operates normally, seal oil pressure is 0.084MPa higher then hydrogen pressure in the turbine; Seal oil temperature of air and hydrogen side shall be adjusted at 38-49℃. Oil filling and discharging of hydrogen side oil return tank is normal; oil level of oil tank maintains between 150-250mm. Manual recirculating valve opening of hydrogen side oil tank shall be adjusted to maintain the oil pressure difference of air and hydrogen side at 0-490Pa; balance valve is applied normally. Isolation valve of seal oil standby differential pressure valve is open.

i)

8.3.9.3 Sealing Oil System Shutdown a) Seal oil system can be shutdown under the condition that: hydrogen in turbine is removed completely; hydrogen pressure is zero; barring gear is stopped.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Cutoff the interlock of air and hydrogen side DC seal oil pump. Shutdown hydrogen side sealing oil pump. Shutdown airside sealing oil pump. Close seal oil cooler water inlet valve of air and hydrogen side. Smoke fan of air side oil tank can be stopped as per actual need.

8.3.9.4 Air side seal oil cooler shifting (e.g. A operation shifts to B operation) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Ask shifting engineer for instruction and record the sealing oil and hydrogen pressure of air side. Open oil inlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B slowly, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure. Open water outlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B fully. Open water inlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B fully. Full open oil outlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B slowly, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure and oil level. Adjust the cooling water outlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B to maintain the oil temperature at 38-49℃. Lock the oil inlet/outlet valve of air side seal oil cooler B by chain. Close oil inlet valve of air side seal oil cooler A gradually, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure. Close oil outlet valve of air side sealing oil cooler A; Close cooling water inlet valve of air side sealing oil cooler A If air side seal oil cooler A required overhaul, its cooling water outlet valve shall be closed. Record the operating time of air side sealing oil cooler.

8.3.9.5 Hydrogen side seal oil cooler shifting (e.g. A operation shifts to B operation) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Ask shifting engineer for instruction and record the sealing oil and hydrogen pressure of hydrogen side. Open oil inlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler B slowly, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure. Open water outlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler B fully. Open water inlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler B fully. Full open oil outlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler B slowly, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure and oil level. Adjust the cooling water outlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler B to maintain the oil temperature at 38-49℃. Lock the oil inlet/outlet valve of B hydrogen side seal oil cooler by chain.

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h) i) j) k) l)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Close oil inlet valve of hydrogen side seal oil cooler A gradually, and pay attention to the change of seal oil pressure. Close oil outlet valve of hydrogen side sealing oil cooler A; Close cooling water inlet valve of hydrogen side sealing oil cooler A If hydrogen side seal oil cooler A required overhaul, its cooling water outlet valve shall be closed. Record the operating time of air side sealing oil cooler.

8.3.9.6 Maintenance of Sealing Oil System a) b) c) d) Seal oil pressure shall be maintained in good condition and no alarm warning on hydrogen, oil and water control panel. Sealing oil pressure shall be 0.084MPa higher than that of hydrogen pressure. Maintain oil pressure difference of air and hydrogen side at 0-490Pa; seal oil pressure of hydrogen side shall be a little higher than that of air side. Oil level of firefighting form tank might be increased under low hydrogen pressure, alarming shall be monitored to liquid level of generator leak detector, oil and water control panel. When the shafting is sensitive to oil temperature during unit normal operating, oil cooler outlet oil temperature of air/hydrogen side shall be controlled at 43-49℃. Oil level of hydrogen side oil return tank shall be normal by periodical checking. Oil screen of air and hydrogen side shall be cleaned once on every shift. Standby oil source of standby seal oil shall be checked to ensure its quality. Oil pressure of turbine LP standby cylinder shall not be less than 0.2MPa; Oil pressure of turbine HP standby cylinder shall not be less than0.9-2.4MPa; Oil pressure behind reducing valve of turbine HP standby oil shall not be lower than 0.88MPa.

e) f) g) h) i) j) k)

8.3.9.7 Operation under Shutdown State a) Seal oil pressure shall be maintained normally and smoke fan on air side of seal oil return tank shall keep operation if hydrogen in the turbine isn’t exhausted completely, or barring isn’t stopped. If air/hydrogen side DC seal oil pump startup automatically due to low oil-hydrogen differential pressure which results from air side AC seal oil pump failure during shutdown period, front/back isolation valve of standby differential pressure governor valves shall be opened and hydrogen pressure in the turbine shall be decreased to 0.014MPa or below; if AC lube oil pump is failed also, hydrogen shall be exhausted immediately.

b)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

During shutdown or normal operating period, hydrogen side oil pump quit the operation temperature is permit if hydrogen side oil pump is failed. But hydrogen purity change shall not be lower than 90% and oil pump shall put into service immediately after repair. During equipment shutdown period, if flame work is necessary to carry out near generator or its hydrogen pipeline, the flame work must be carried out only after hydrogen discharging. When the generator hydrogen pressure is less than 0.1 MPa, attention shall be paid to the oil level of hydrogen side seal oil return tank and firefight form tank to avoid seal oil flows into generator.

d)

e)

8.3.10 Cooling Water System of Generator Stator 8.3.10.1 Inspection before Stator Cooling Water System Startup a) b) c) Cooling water system flushing is complete, working order form is finished, site is cleaned; system equipment and pipes are in good condition. Manual close valve behind nitrogen pressure adjuster of stator cooling water tank, and remove the compressed air connecting pipe; Ensure cooling water pump interlock is cutoff; single test shall be carried out if it’s the first start after overhaul (turning direction, oil level of bearing and temperature, vibration are normal); Check water makeup valve of stator cooling water tank, cooling water governor valve of stator cooling water cooler sets at “MANUAL” position; Check C&I instrument and signal protection are complete; C&I group is informed to connect the C&I power and apply hydrogen, oil and water monitor cabinet; Connect the pneumatic valve and electric solenoid power; operation shall be smooth without jam fault; switching direction is correct; Valves set at the position required in “Valves Inspection Sheet”;

d) e) f) g)

8.3.10.2 Water Filling and Exhaust of Stator Cooling Water System a) Chemical group is informed to test the makeup water, water is qualified and then open main water makeup valve of stator cooling water tank to fill water to stator cooling water tank through condensate transferpump; Water makeup electric solenoid valve sets at automatic mode and startup, and then adjust water makeup reducing valve; reducing valve will be locked when the water makeup pressure behind valve is about 0.53MPa; Close vent valve after the air exhausting completely from ion exchanger; Water makeup electric solenoid valve will shutdown automatically when the stator cooling water tank is up to normal water level; water in the stator cooling water tank shall be qualified, or the water shall be changed unit satisfying the requirement; Open water makeup bypass valve to fill water into stator cooling water tank and cooling water system, vent valve of stator cooling water header shall be closed if no water flows out of the vent valve

b)

c) d)

e)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Vent valve can be closed after stator cooling water air side of stator cooling water cooler is exhausted completed; Open vent valve of stator cooling water return header, and then water makeup bypass valve shall be reduced to avoid static pressure after no air flowing with the water which drain form the vent valve of stator water return header; Electric group delivery power for stator cooling water pump; cutoff interlock of stator cooling water pump, and startup a set of stator cooling water pump to check the bearing vibration temperature, pump sound, outlet water pressure, pump current; and then adjust and lock the outlet recirculating valve of stator cooling water pump to ensure the stator water inlet/return differential pressure maintains between 0.15~0.28MPa; Stator cooling water pump runs about 1 hour, and then stator cooling water header shall be closed if no water flows out of the vent valve; Shutdown cooling water pump; Water make-up bypass valve.

h) i)

j) k) l)

8.3.10.3 Hydrogen Filling to Cooling Water Tank of Stator a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Overhaul group is informed to install the connecting pipe behind nitrogen filling pressure adjuster of cooling water tank; Open outlet valve of nitrogen bottle; Open isolation before/after the pressure adjusting valve of nitrogen busbar; Open pressure governor valve of nitrogen gas manifold to adjust the manifold pressure to 1MPa; Open the isolation valves before/after nitrogen filling pressure governor valve of stator cooling water tank; De-nitrogen bypass valve of stator cooling water tank slightly; Nitrogen filling pressure adjuster shall be adjusted to achieve the pressure behind the adjuster is 0.014MPa, and then de-nitrogen bypass valve shall be closed after the pipes air removed by nitrogen filling; Open isolation valve of nitrogen filling and bottom drain valve of stator cooling water tank, and close the water drain valve after the water level of stator cooling water tank decrease to the normal value; Steam heating device will be applied if water temperature of stator cooling water tank is low; heating can be stopped when the stator cooling water temperature is up to 45℃; Tests before startup shall be complete to ensure action is reliable and set valve is correct.

h)

i) j)

8.3.10.4 Cooling Water System Start up

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Cutoff interlock of stator cooling water pump, startup a set of stator cooling water pump; check the shaft vibration, temperature, pump sound, filling material sealing, outlet water pressure, water level stator cooling water tank; Apply interlock of stator cooling water pump; Adjust the inlet return water differential pressure of stator cooling water at 0.15 ~ 0.28MPa, hydrogen-water differential pressure >0.035MPa and stator cooling water flux is about 55m3/h;

b) c)

d)

Apply ion exchanger according to the need of cooling water quality; check and adjust the flux from stator cooling water to ion exchanger at 1~5 m3/h; resin discharge valve of ion exchanger is closed; Water fill and air exhaust at water side of stator cooler cooling water ; a set of stator cooling water cooler stand by while the other one is operating; standby cooler cooling water side: water inlet valve open and water outlet valve close, cooler cooling water side: water inlet valve close and water outlet valve open; “AUTO” adjustment shall be applied in time according to the temperature of stator cooling water; stator inlet water temperature shall be maintained at about 45~50℃ which shall be 2 or 3℃ higher than hydrogen temperature.

e)

8.3.10.5 Cooling Water System Shutdown a) If stator cooling water system have to shut down for stator cooling water system and generator overhaul, and during the shutdown period, environment temperature approaches freezing point, or during generator DC leakage test as per specification, residual water in the system shall be removed completely; Governor valve of stator cooling water cooler shifts to “MANUAL” mode and close, and isolation valves behind the opened water inlet valve and temperature governor valve of stator cooling water cooler close; Cutoff interlock of stator cooling water pump and shutdown cooling water pump;

b)

c)

8.3.10.6 Nitrogen Discharge of Stator Cooling Water Tank a) b) Close the pressure adjuster of hydrogen filling and the isolation valves before/after adjuster; Open de-nitrogen bypass valve of stator cooling water tank and pressure of cooling water tank release to zero. For short time shutdown, seal oil system will keep operating, hydrogen will remain in the generator and stator cooling water system will keep operating; overhaul group will be informed to remove the connecting pipe behind the nitrogen filling pressure adjuster of stator cooling water tank; Close de-nitrogen bypass valve of stator cooling water tank; Water makeup valve of stator cooling water tank shifts to “MANUAL” and closes, then to close the main valve of water makeup; Close the following valves: vent valve of ion exchanger, outlet valve of ion exchanger conductivity meter, pressure vacuum meter valve of stator cooling water tank, stator cooling water inlet/outlet valve of stator cooling water cooler, water outlet of stator cooling water conductivity meter, isolation valve between cooling water to ion exchanger;

c) d) e)

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Open the following valves: stator cooling water tank vent valve, bottom drain valve, stator cooling water pump button drain valve, stator cooling water drain valve of stator cooling water cooler, inlet/outlet valve and drain valve of differential pressure switch, vent valve of water return header, water drain valve from inlet water reture header to differential pressure switch.

8.3.10.7 Residual Water Removed by Compressed air a) Close the following valves: stator cooling water tank vent valve, bottom drain valve, water gauge isolation and nitrogen filling isolation valve; stator cooling water pump button drain valve, recirculating valve; vent valve and drain valve of stator cooling water cooler; inlet/outlet valve of water filter; inlet/outlet valve and drain valve of differential pressure switch, quick opening valve of stator water inlet header, vent valve of water return header and anti-siphon valve of stator cooling water; Open the pressure gauge valve of compressed air for stator cooling water tank; Air source of system and compressed air shall be connected according to the requirement of compressed air drying method; Electric group is informed to measure the insulation resistance value of stator winding; Open primary and secondary valves of compressed air to ensure inner pressure of stator cooling water tank achieves 0.5~0.7MPa; Open quick opening valve of stator water inlet header, and pressure of stator cooling water tank released to “0”; Switch isolation and water drain valve of stator water intake/return header shall be opened until residual water is removed completely; Close quick opening valve of water inlet header; The above procedures will be carried out for 5~8 times or more until the residual water in stator winding being drained completely and isolation valve is approaching stably; Close primary and secondary valve and pressure gauge of compressed air, and then temporary facilities for system overhaul shall be removed and site shall be recovered;

b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j)

8.3.10.8 Stator Cooling Water System Drying by Vacuum Method. a) Stator cooling water tank shall be connected to vacuum system by water chamber vacuum or ring vacuum pump; nitrogen or dry air will be supplied to quick opening valve of stator water inlet header; Open vacuum valve of stator cooling water tank and quick opening valve of stator water intake header; Drying should be finished as per actual situation, close quick opening valve of stator water intake header and vacuum valve of stator cooling water tank, close water chamber vacuum pump or ring vacuum pump; Temporary facilities for system overhaul shall be removed and site shall be recovered.

b) c)

d)

8.3.10.9 Stator Cooler Shifting during Operation

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Standby stator water cooler shall be applied slowly if the water level of water level of water tank is normal; the original stator water cooler shall be isolated and cleaned; water filling for air exhausting shall be carried out to stator cooling water and open cooling water side of stator water cooler after cleaning and before standby Stator cooling water filter Shifting during operation: apply standby water filter slowly if the water level of water tank is normal; and then close isolation valve before/after the operating water filter, open drain valve; and then examination and repair shall be carried out, after that to filling water & air exhaust for standby; Operation and Maintenance of Stator Cooling Water System During generator normal operation, cooling water volume shall be ≮ 55m3/h, pressure shall be at 0.15-0.2MPa. Water pressure shall be 0.035MPa at least lower than hydrogen pressure.

b)

8.3.10.10 a)

b) c) d) e) f)

Water level in stator cooling water tank shall be 500~700mm lower than top of the fluid level gage. Air pressure in the water tank shall be at 0.014MPa. If seal system is failed , the min. water level shall not be lower than 0.15MPa during hydrogen pressure decreasing operation.(at water inlet manifold ) Max. stator water volume which pass through the ion exchanger is up to 5m3/h, and it’s about 1m3/h in general operation. If generator is no pressure, the water pressure of stator cooling water shall be less than 0.05MPa. Back flush of generator stator winding shall be carried out only after unit shutdown. And the cooling water system shall be adjusted to forward direction before unit startup.

8.3.11 Deaerator 8.3.11.1 Deaerator Startup a) b) Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely. System is in good condition, valves are at the correct state; water gauge is complete and upper and lower cock valve is open; instrument gauge is in good condition with instrument valve opening; deaerator water level protection is applied; Startup closed water, condensate, auxiliary steam system orderly, system operates normally. Water fills into deaerator for flushing, and then water shall be filled unit water level achieving 2600±200mm after water of deaerator is qualified. Deaerator circulating pump shall be started up and operated normally. Set the steam supply governor valve of auxiliary steam header to deaerator at “MANUAL” mode. Open isolation and drain valve before/after steam supply governor valve of auxiliary steam header to deaerator to supply steam to deaerator, close drain valve after pipes warming to increase deaerator pressure gradually; when the deaerator pressure is up to

c) d) e) f) g)

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0.05MPa and temperature is up to 111℃, pressure control of deaerator shall be set at “AUTO”; Water tank shall not vibrate during deaerator steam intake. h) i) Close the isolation valve from continuous exhaust to deaerator. Unit load is up to 60MW, the 4th stage steam exhaust pressure is up to 0.20MPa; to startup electric valve of 4th stage steam exhaust to deaerator, and close governor valve of auxiliary steam to deaerator. Deaerator pressure shall be maintained between 0.15-0.78MPa when steam supplied by 4th stage exhauster.

j)

8.3.11.2 Deaerator Shutdown a) b) Ensure heating steam source form auxiliary steam to deaerator is standby; When the load is ≤60MW, deaerator shall startup. When the pressure of 4th stage steam exhauster <0.2 MPa, governor valve will open automatically to supply auxiliary steam for deaerator, isolation valve of the 4th stage steam exhauster for deaerator will close automatically to maintain the deaerator pressure at 0.147MPa; drain valve after check valve front/behind the 4th stage steam exhauster electric main valve, drain valve after steam inlet of the 4th stage steam exhauster deaerator will be opened automatically; When HP drain adjustment shifts to emergency drain adjustment, governor valve of #3 HP heater drain to deaerator and the manual valve before governor valve shall be closed; Close the isolation valve from continuous exhaust to deaerator of 3 sets of HP heater; Close the isolation valve from continuous exhaust to deaerator; When continuous water filling is not necessary for the boiler, water filling for deaerator shall be stopped; deaerator overflow valve shall be closed; If water feed pump keeps operating after turbine shutdown, deaeartor shall maintain operating. If water need to be drained after deaerator shutdown, circulating pump of deaerator shall be stopped firstly; Deaerator pressure shall be maintained at 0.05MPa as steam maintenance during deaerator short time shutdown. Nitrogen filling protection shall be applied for long time shutdown; all water and steam inlet valve shall be closed to maintain the nitrogen pressure at 0.029-0.049MPa.

c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j)

8.3.11.3 Operation and Maintenance a) b) c) d) No water induction and vibration during deaerator operation; no leakage in the system. Deaerator pressure shall be at 0.15-0.78MPa and the outlet water temperature shall be not higher than 174.5℃. Maintain the deaerator water level at 2600±200mm; Deaerator water is qualified (outlet water oxygen content≤7microgramme/liter)

8.3.12 Electric Water Feed Pump Unit.

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8.3.12.1 Relevant Regulation Electric water feed pump shutdown within 4 hours after 30 mins continuous operating shall be considered as hot state. Current return time of electric water feed pump shall be less than 15 secs at the first clod startup Electric water feed pump can be startup only one time under hot state, if it’s shutdown due to failure after the first startup, re startup shall be carried out only after 30 mins later, and the oil temperature before startup shall be higher than 35℃. Commissioning time for the first startup after overhaul shall not be less than 48 hours. Oil side vent valve of lube cooler shall be opened slightly before startup and closed after air exhausting completely; oil side vent valve of working oil cooler shall be opened slightly after startup (at low oil temperature)

d) e)

8.3.12.2 Electric Water Feed Pump Startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Examination and repair is complete, working order form is filled; safety measures have removed and site has cleaned completely. System is in good condition and the valves set at correct state. Startup and check the opened and closed water system. Oil level of water feed pump oil tank is between 1/2-3/4. After the insulation test of water pump motor and auxiliary oil pump motor is qualified, power shall be delivered to auxiliary oil pump and water feed pump motor. Start up auxiliary oil pump, red lights up; check lube oil pressure is 0.2-0.25MPa; bearings oil pressure is normal, oil return is smooth and no oil leakage in oil system. Auxiliary oil pump interlock Deaerator water level is normal; Ensure closed water pressure is higher than 0.2MPa, opened water pressure is higher than 0.147MPa, and mechanical seal cooling water is put into operation. Ensure recirculating isolation valve of electric water feed pump is open and put into “AUTO” mode. Ensure water outlet of electric water feed pump is close. Open water inlet valve of electric water feed pump, and vent valve will be closed after water flow over. (air exhaust shall be carried out repeat at mechanical seal area); ensure the inlet pressure of water feed pump is normal;

m) Scoop pipe sets at zero position; n) o) Electric pump interlock is cutoff; Startup electric pump by “REMOTE CONTROL”, attention shall be paid to the current return time; shaft vibration of pump units, and shaft sound shall be normal; shafts temperature and oil temperature shall not exceed the set valve, auxiliary oil pump shall be stopped automatically when the lube pressure is more than 0.28MPa.

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Adjust the scoop pipe to increase the turning speed of water feed pump, water outlet valve of water pump and desuperheat water valve to reheater shall be opened according to the boiler needs; recirculating valve will be closed automatically when the water feed volume is more than 190t/h. Attention shall be paid to the adjustment of working oil, lube oil cooler and motor air cooler temperature.

q)

8.3.12.3 Standby Condition of Electric Water Feed Pump a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Startup interlock switch of electric water pump. Startup auxiliary oil pump, ensure lube pressure 0.16MPa. Speed governor scoop pipe of hydraulic coupling sets at 10% of rated turning speed. Fully open water outlet electric valve of water feed pump; Fully open electric valve of booster pump inlet. Recirculating governor valve of water feed pump shall be opened and set at “AUTO” mode. Protection switch sets at “INPUT” position. No low low alarm for sealing water differential pressure of electric pump; no low low alarm for water level of water feed tank;

8.3.12.4 If electric pump fails to trip when the protection action value is achieved, emergency shutdown shall be carried out; 8.3.12.5 When the current measure point parameter achieving alarm valve and shifting personnel fails to adjust that pump is required to shutdown, then emergency shutdown can be carried out, 8.3.12.6 Procedures of Pump Emergency Shutdown a) b) Pressure emergency tripping button of water feed pump. Auxiliary oil pump must be startup when the main motor speed down results in lube pressure less than 0.10MPa. Auxiliary oil pump shall maintain running for 30mins after main motor shutdown.

8.3.12.7 Electric Water Feed Pump Maintenance a) b) c) Oil level of oil tank shall be at 1/2-3/4; Oil quality shall be checked periodically; bearing temperature and oil return temperature shall not be higher than 75℃. Mechanical cooling water of booster pump and main pump are normal, sealing water supply pressure shall be 0.1MPa larger than water drain pressure. Mechanical sealing area shall not be leaked, water return temperature shall not be higher than 75℃. Filter screed pressure difference of water feed pump inlet is less than 0.06MPa. Current of water feed pump is less than 607A. Pressure of cooling water pressure is larger than 0.2MPa.

d) e) f)

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Outlet oil temperature of working oil, oil cooler lube shall be at 35-70℃, 35-45℃ respectively; air temperature of air cooler shall be at 20-40℃. Bush temperature of hydraulic coupling and water feed pump are normal. Vibration of bearings are less than 0.08mm; Hydraulic coupling temperature will be increased obviously when the electric water feed pump operates at 4000r/min, at this moment, operator shall take necessary measures to avoid this turning speed.

8.3.13 Vacuum System 8.3.13.1 Vacuum Pump Startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) System is in good condition and valves set at specified state. Deliver the power and interlock test is normal; Motor insulation is qualified and power delivery. Ensure compressed air system operates normally with the pressure at 0.5-0.7MPa or above. Ensure power is applied to control electric solenoid valve of inlet butterfly valve of vacuum pump. Ensure steam/water separator sets at normal position. Air exhaust valve of reheater is close. Close vacuum destroy valve of condenser and water drain valve of vacuum pump inlet air pipe. Apply vacuum pump cooler, open water inlet/outlet valve of closed cooling water. Adjust the cooling water pressure at 0.2-0.6MPa, the temperature difference between adjusted working water and cooling water shall be adjusted to ≤2℃. Startup vacuum pump A&B respectively. When the sides pressure difference of inlet butterfly valve ≥3KPa (vacuum in vacuum pump is 3KPa higher than the vacuum of condenser air pipe), inlet butterfly opens automatically. Current, sound and vibration of vacuum pump is normal. A set of vacuum pump shall be shutdown and vacuum interlock shall be applied when the condenser vacuum is up to -90KPa or above.

j)

k) l)

m) After vacuum pump startup, shaft steam pressure shall be higher properly to avoid air being sucked into the cylinder. 8.3.13.2 Vacuum System Shutdown a) b) Cutoff the switch of vacuum pump interlock; pressure “STOP” button, green lights up, current decrease to zero and vacuum pump is shutdown. Ensure vacuum butterfly valve closed automatically. Adjust cooling water source to avoid water mixing.

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Operating vacuum normal shifting shall startup standby pump firstly, and operating pump can be stopped when the standby pump operates normally. Inlet primary butterfly valve shall be closed automatically, or the inlet vent valve shall be closed automatically.

8.3.13.3 Vacuum System Operation and Maintenance a) b) c) Vibration, sound, current and shaft temperature of vacuum pump are normal and no grating exists in vacuum pump; Water level of vacuum separator is normal, vacuum gauge indicator is normal; Inlet water temperature of vacuum pump is less than 33℃.

8.3.14 EH oil System 8.3.14.1 EH oil System Inspection a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Ensure oil drain and sampling valve of EH oil tank are closed; Ensure inlet/outlet valve of EH oil pump are opened; Nitrogen pressure of EH oil system HP/LP accumulator are normal, its inlet valves are open. Open inlet valve of EH oil regenerator. Manual valve before test device opened and manual oil drain valve before test device closed; Ensure signal valve of instruments and pressure switch are open; Pressure releasing valve of HP accumulator closed; Oil level of EH oil tank is normal; Ensure EH oil temperature is higher than 21℃, or electric heating device shall be applied. EH oil return oil cooler operates on one side. Water outlet electric solenoid valve sets at “AUTO” after ensuring inlet valve of cooler is open.

8.3.14.2 EH Oil Pump Startup a) b) After insulation resistance is tested and accepted, power will be delivered; interlock test shall be carried out and accepted. Deliver power to motor, switch off the interlock and startup pump A &B, red lights up, and then to check whether the pump current is normal; oil pressure system shall be at 12.4-14.5MPa. Vibration, sound and shaft temperature of pump is normal, differential pressure before/after outlet filter screen, oil pump flux current and EH oil tank oil level are normal; no leakage in EH system. Apply interlock switch of EH oil pump.

c)

d)

8.3.14.3 EH Oil Pump Shutdown a) After received EH oil pump shutdown notification, interlock shall be cutoff and operating pump shall be set at “OFF” position, current and system pressure decreased to zero.

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Ensure EH oil electric heating device is closed. To shutdown other auxiliary equipment in the system according to the actual situation.

8.3.14.4 EH Oil System Operation and Maintenance a) b) c) d) e) f) Shaft temperature, vibration and sound are normal during oil pump operating. System oil pressure shall be at 12.4-14.5MPa Oil level of EH oil tank shall be at 450-550mm. Oil temperature of EH oil tank shall be at 38-55℃; Filter screen pressure difference of EH oil pump outlet shall be 0.35MPa. Periodical inspection shall be carried out to HP/LP accumulator. Nitrogen supplement shall be carried if HP accumulator pressure decreases to 8.4MPa, LP accumulator pressure decrease to 0.16MPa. System oil return pressure shall not be >0.21MPa.

g)

8.3.14.5 EH Oil Cooler Shifting (e.g. operation shifts from A to B) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Shifting engineer shall be informed and EH oil pressure and oil level shall be recorded before sifting. Open isolation valve after water outlet governor valve of oil cooler B. Close water outlet bypass valve of oil cooler B to open inlet valve of oil cooler B Shift the shifting handle to the middle position to operate two set of oil cooler synchronously, pay attention to the oil pressure changing. Shift the shifting handle to operate oil cooler B, pay attention to the change of oil tank oil level and pressure. Pay attendtion to the water outlet governor valve action of oil cooler B, maintain the EH oil temperature at 38-55℃. If the water outlet valve of oil cooler acts abnormity: (1) close water outlet valve (2) oil temperature adjusted by water outlet bypass valve. Close water inlet valve of oil cooler A. For oil cooler A examination and repair: (1) close isolation valve after water outlet governor valve of oil cooler A. (2) close water outlet bypass valve of oil cooler A. Record the operating time of EH oil cooler shifting.

8.3.15 HP heater 8.3.15.1 HP Heater is forbidden to be applied if: a) b) c) Protection device failure or imperfectness; Water level is failed to adjust automatically; Heater water gauge is not available or indicator of water gauge is unclear or failure;

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Heater steep pipe leakage; Pipes and valves in system which the heater belong to is cracked or failure;

8.3.15.2 HP heater startup after unit loading. a) b) c) System is in good condition before HP heater startup, and then open vent valve of water side slightly. C&I group carry out water level protection test for HP heater; HP heater is qualified. Open water filling valve slightly to fill water into HP heater, the water filling speed shall be ensure that temperature increasing rate of HP water outlet valve is less than 1.8℃ /min. d) e) f) g) h) i) Close vent valve of water side after water flowing out. After water side achieves full pressure, to open inlet/outlet valve of HP heater. And close water filling HP heater. After water filling into HP heater, water level increasing shall be observed in HP heater to avoid leakage. Drain valve before/after HP steam inlet electric valve, drain valve after check valve are open. Check to ensure drain governor isolation valve is open. Open steam inlet valve of HP heater and pay attention to the HP heater water level; Close startup exhaust HP heater steam side startup exhaust after white steam running out, and then open primary and secondary valve of HP heater steam side continuous exhaust; pay attention to the pressure change of deaerator. Increase steam inlet pressure gradually and pay attention to the temperature increasing rate of drain and outlet water; drain water is discharged to deaerator step by step without drain pipes vibration. Open steam valve of HP heater gradually and adequately, drain valve before/after HP steam inlet electric valve and drain valve after check valve closed automatically. Water drain governor valve acts normally, HP heater local and distance water level indicates normally without High, Low alarm signal.

j)

k) l)

m) During HP heater application procedure, outlet water temperature increasing/decreasing rate of signal HP heater shall not be higher than 1.8℃/min. 8.3.15.3 HP heater startup with turbine startup. a) b) c) d) System is in good condition before startup. Water level protection test shall be carried out and qualified before startup. HP heater water side will be applied when feed water pressure is up to 5MPa or above. (Application method is the same with HP startup after unit loading). After turbine latched, steam inlet valve of HP haters shall be opened; steam pressure in HP heater will be increased following the increasing of HP heater load.

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HP drain valve shall be set at “MANUAL” position and closed under low load condition; and then HP heater emergency drain valves set at “AUTO” or control the water level of HP heater; When the steam side pressure of 3# HP heater is higher than deaerator pressure 0.2MPa with loading up, drain valves of HP heaters set at “AUTO”; Other operation procedure will be the same with that of HP heater startup with load.

f) g)

8.3.15.4 HP heater shutdown during unit operating(safety measures during HP heater examination and repair) Close steam side only or close both steam/water sides for pressure releasing and water drain is alternative for the following operation according to the overhaul requirement. a) b) Close the continuous vent valve of #1 HP heater to deaerator; Check the emergency drain governor valve of #1 HP heater to flash tank sets at “AUTO” control mode, close the isolation valve and normal drain governor valve of #1 HP heater one by one; Close steam inlet electric valve of #1 HP heater one by one, ensure water drain interlock before check valve and before #1 exhaust electric valve is open; outlet water temperature decreasing rate of HP heater shall be less than 1.8℃/min. (shutdown #2 and #3 steam side HP heater respectively refer to clause 1~3); Shift T-valve of HP heater water side inlet operation to bypass operation, close electric valve of HP heater water outlet, pay attention to change of water flux; Cutoff relevant water level protection of 3 sets of HP heater, close isolation valve and governor valve of HP heater emergency water drain to HP flash tank; Open water drain valve of steam/water side sewer tunnel to decrease the pressure after HP heater is isolated from operating system reliably (pressure decreasing should adopts water draining by the drain valve at the lowest HP water side (e.g. water filling side drain valve of #2 - #3 HP heater on the water feed pipeline); after steam and water side is up to atmospheric pressure, C&I group is informed to release the pneumatic drain valve interlock after exhaust check valve and before exhaust electric valve; and then close these drain valves by manual, open startup exhaust valve of steam/water side to carry out further draining and pressure discharging.

c)

d) e) f)

8.3.15.5 HP heater sliding shutdown with turbine shutdown HP heater shall adopt sliding shutdown with turbine shutdown under normal shutdown working condition: a) b) After unit load is less than 20%, check and ensure the water drain valve interlock before steam exhaust electric valves and after check valves are open; After turbine tripping, check valve and electric valve interlock of HP heater steam inlet are close; HP heater normal water drains are close, interlock of emergency water drain valves are open; Close primary and secondary valve of HP heater to deaerator continuous air exhaust;

c)

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HP heater water side shutdown: open bypass valve firstly, and then close other water inlet/outlet valve, pay attention to the water flux changing;

8.3.15.6 HP heater shutdown maintenance. a) b) During short time shutdown, steam side shall be maintained by filling steam; water side shall be maintained by filling deminerized water with proper PH value; During HP heater long time operation, residual water shall be removed completely according to startup/shutdown procedure of HP heater; steam side shall be maintained by nitrogen filling after drying (or dry maintenance); water side shall be maintained by diamine with the density of 200mg/l and Ph valve shall be reached at 10 or above by adding ammonia; or it can be maintained together with the turbine maintenance by the method of film-forming ammonia maintenance.

8.3.15.7 Operation and Maintenance of HP Heater: a) b) c) Water level of HP heater shall be maintained at 0±38mm without vibration. Under the working condition that water supply stopped and steam supply maintained, HP operation is forbidden. Water level protection shall be applied after HP heater water side application.

8.3.16 LP heater 8.3.16.1 LP heater Inspection before Application a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Overhaul is complete; working order form is finished and equipment is complete; Heater and its pipes flushing is qualified; Water of condensate system is qualified; C&I group shall provide relevant instrument and power for signal lamp; electrical group shall provide power for relevant electric valve; Compressed air system operates normally; Valves shall be set at the position required in “Valves Inspection Card”; Protection test shall be completed before startup.

8.3.16.2 Startup and Shutdown Principle of LP Heater a) In general LP heater shall be startup with turbine startup, if LP heater #5 or #6 isn’t applied for reasons, they can be applied from LP to HP orderly when the unit load is up to 15MW; During unit operation, #7 & #8 LP heater must be startup with turbine startup, condensate of #7 and #8 LP heater can be shift to bypass to isolate water side of #7 and #8 LP heater;

b)

8.3.16.3 LP heater is forbidden to be startup under the following situations: a) b) c) LP protection and interlock failure; LP steam and water side safety valve act abnormally; LP tube bundle leakage;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

LP main monitor instrument failure; Switch of #5 & #6 Exhaust check valve failure Main steam, water or drain valves of LP failure; Other defects in LP heater system serious affect safety operation;

8.3.16.4 LP heater startup/shutdown notices: a) b) In any case, temperature increasing/decreasing rate of LP heater shall be about 2℃/min and shall not be higher than 3℃/min; LP heater startup shall follow the sequence of: LP to HP and water side to steam side; shutdown shall follow the sequence of: HP to LP and steam side to water side.

8.3.16.5 Valves inspection before LP heater startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Inlet/outlet electric valve of LP heater water side is close, bypass valve is open; Drain valves of water side is close; vent valves of water side is open; Steam and water side safety valve is normal after calibration;; Instrument primary valve, local water gauge, C&I governor and measure device primary valve are open, control is applied by compressed air; Water drain interlock of exhaust #5, #6 before electric valve and after check valve are open, water discharge valve after exhaust #5, #6 electric valve is close; Electric and check valve interlock of exhaust #5, #6 are close; Nitrogen filling isolation valve of steam and water side are close; Startup vent valve of LP heater #5 and #6 are fully open. Normal and emergency water drain governor valve of LP heater are close with its front/behind isolation valve open; #5 LP heater electric valve of water side outlet drain to circulating water outlet is close.

8.3.16.6 Normal application of #5 and #6 LP heater This procedure is applicable to the restartup after #5 and #6 LP heater shutdown for reasons during operation a) b) c) d) e) f) Valve inspection before startup is complete; Open #6 LP heater water inlet valve to fill water for air exhaust, close vent valve on water side after water flowing out, pay attention to the water level change of steam side; When water pressure in #6 LP heater is full pressure, water inlet/outlet valve of #6 LP heater shall be opened fully; Close bypass water feed valve of LP heater #6 gradually; C&I group apply water level protection of LP heater; Open continuous primary and secondary vent valve of LP heater steam side, pay attention to the condenser vacuum change, and then close startup primary and secondary vent valve of LP heater #6;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Open exhaust electric valve of LP heater #6, and then open exhaust check valve of LP heater; the temperature increasing rate of outlet water shall not exceed 2-3℃/min; Ensure water level of LP heater #6 is normal, water drain valve of LP heater #6 acts normally; After unit load is >20%, and then check the water drain valve before the 3rd stage exhaust electric valve and after check valve are close; If the higher level heater is operating, the normal water drain of higher level heater shall set at “AUTO” mode; Application of #5 LP heater refer to the above item 1~9.

8.3.16.7 LP heater #5 and #6 startup with turbine startup a) b) c) d) e) f) g) LP heater water side will be applied follow the application of condensate system; LP heater water side is no leakage; steam side water level shall be at zero. Valve inspection before LP heater startup is complete, open continuous vent valve of steam side and close vent valve of steam side; Open electric valve and check valve of #5 and #6 section exhaust respectively and orderly after the turbine speed is up to 2040r/min; Apply water level protection of LP heater; LP emergency water drain valve, LP normal water drain governor valve all set at “auto” position and act normally; After unit load is >20%, water drain valves of exhaust check valve and electric valve shall be checked and ensure they are close; 8.3.16.8 LP heater #7 & #8 application during normal operation. a) b) c) d) e) f) Ensure the inspection before LP heater #7 & #8 application is complete. Open water inlet valve of LP heater #8 slightly to fill water for air exhaust, it can be closed when the water flows out of water side vent valve; After inner water level of LP heater #7 and #8 achieve full pressure, water inlet valve of LP heater #8 and water outlet valve of LP heater #7 shall be opened fully; Bypass valve of LP heater #7 and #8 shall be closed gradually; Normal water drain governor valve of LP heater #8 and emergency water drain valve of LP heater #7 and #8 shall set at “auto” position and act normally; When LP heater #6 applies, normal water drain governor valve of LP heater #6 will be applied.

8.3.16.9 LP heater #5 and #6 Shutdown (take LP heater #6 for example) a) b) Close continuous vent valve of LP heater #6 to condenser; Open emergency water drain valve of LP heater #5 to condenser, close isolation valve and drain governor valve of LP heater #5 to LP heater #6;

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QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Close steam inlet electric valve of LP heater #6 gradually, and ensure drain interlock of 6th stage exhaust before electric valve of the and after check valve are open; Open water side bypass electric valve of LP heater #6, close water inlet electric valve of LP heater #6, pay attention to the flux change of condensate; Shutdown relevant water level protection of LP #6, close isolation valve and governor valve of LP heater #6 water drain to condenser and to LP heater #7 water drain; After LP heater #6 isolate with operating system, open sewer tunnel drain valve and steam induction valve; if maintenance is needed after shutdown, it shall be synchronized with pressure releasing and water draining; LP heater #5 shutdown shall refer to the above item 1~6; LP heater #7 & #8 shutdown during normal operation.

g)

8.3.16.10 a) b) c) d)

Open bypass valve on water side of LP heater #7 and #8, close inlet valve of LP heater #8 and outlet valve of LP heater #7, pay attention to the water flux change of condenser; Close normal drain governor valve of LP heater #6 is normal; the emergency drain valve shall act normally; Close emergency drain governor valve of LP heater #7; Close normal and emergency drain governor valve of LP heater #8; LP heater sliding shutdown with turbine shutdown

8.3.16.11 a) b) c)

LP heater shall adopt sliding shutdown following the unit shutdown under normal shutdown condition; After unit load is less than 20%, ensure water drain interlock of steam exhaust before electric valve and after check valve are open; After turbine tripping, to check steam inlet electric and check valves of LP heater are close; normal water drains of LP heater are close, emergency water drain valve interlock is open; continuous primary and secondary vent valve of LP heater to condenser; LP heater water side shutdown: open bypass valve firstly, and then close its inlet/outlet valve, pay attention to flux change of condensate; Long time shutdown of LP heater shall be carried out as per the shutdown procedure of LP heater shutdown, nitrogen filling maintenance (dry maintenance) will be applied after residual water removal;

d) e) f)

8.3.17 Oil Storage System 8.3.17.1 Turbine oil supplement from purity oil chamber of oil storage tank through oil treatment pump a) b) Oil storage oil level is normal, oil quality is qualified; Delivered power to lube transferpump after it’s qualified by insulation test, ensure inlet/outlet valve of lube transferpump is open, isolation valve of lube transferpump from outlet overpressure valve to oil storage tank is open; isolation valve of lube transferpump

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to oil purity device is close; isolation valve of oil purity device to purity/dirty chamber of oil storage tank is close; isolation of oil purity device to water feed pump turbine is close; inlet isolation valve of turbine and water feed pump turbine oil tank normal oil discharge to lube tranferpump is close; oil filling and filter isolation on the manifold of lube transfer pump is close. c) d) e) f) g) Open purity chamber of oil storage tank to discharge oil to the inlet valve of lube transferpump; Open isolation valve of oil purity device to turbine oil tank; Startup a set of lube oil transferpump, the pump operates normally with the outlet pressure at 0.2~0.3MPa. Attention shall be paid to the oil level change of oil storage tank and turbine oil tank Shutdown lube treatment pump after oil level of turbine oil tank is normal, close the inlet valve between purity oil chamber normal oil discharge and lube transferpump, isolation valve between oil purity device and turbine oil tank, and outlet valve lube transferpump.

8.3.17.2 Water feed pump turbine oil supplement from purity oil chamber of oil storage tank through oil treatment pump; a) b) the oil supplement operating procedure shall refer to the oil supplement procedure for turbine oil tank; Oil level of water feed pump lube system shall not exceed +200mm during shutdown period, and shall not exceed +100mm during operating.

8.3.17.3 Oil of main oil tank discharges to oil purity chamber during turbine lube system shutdown for examination and repair. a) b) Ensure shutdown condition of lube system is provided with; Ensure oil level of oil purity chamber decreased to zero, and the oil chamber is enable to provided enough volume for all lube oil in the turbine oil tank; oil level gauge of purity oil chamber is available and normal; Ensure the following valves are close: isolation between oil purity device and turbine oil tank; isolation valve between emergency oil discharge valve of oil storage and lube tansferpump inlet manifold, isolation valve between button oil discharge and lube transferpump inlet manifold; Open the following valves: inlet valve between turbine normal oil discharge and lube oil transferpump; lube transferpump inlet/outlet valve, isolation valve between lube transferpump and oil purity chamber of oil storage tank; isolation between lube oil transferpump outlet and oil tank of turbine (water feed pump turbine); Startup lube transferpump; pump operates normally with outlet pressure at 0.2~0.3MPa; Oil level of main oil tank is normal; when the oil level achieves the highest indicator of oil gauge in the purity oil chamber of oil storage tank, oil filling shall be stopped; if the oil cannot be discharged from the turbine oil tank completely, oil tank of water feed pump or temporary water tank shall be prepared for oil storage.

c)

d)

e) f)

9

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9.1 Equipment Periodical Test and Shifting 9.1.1 Automatic and interlock devices shall be calibrated and tested termly to ensure its accuracy. 9.1.2 Standby equipment shall be shifted with operating equipment periodically to ensure the equipment in good condition 9.1.3 Periodical operation shall be carried out to operating equipment to ensure safety and economic operation. 9.1.4 If shifting or test time need to be changed under special condition, permit shall be obtained from shifting engineer; detail changing situation shall be recorded; 9.1.5 Test or shifting cannot be carried out under following conditions: 9.1.5.1 Equipment failure or operating abnormity; 9.1.5.2 Equipment serious defect can be eliminated in time; 9.1.5.3 Equipment operation time haven’t reach a shifting period; 9.1.5.4 If equipment test or shifting is failed to be carried out in current shift due to equipment abnormity and keep operation, then test and shifting shall be carried out in the next shift. 9.1.5.5 If test item will affect unit output or system normal operation, permit shall be obtained from shifting engineer before testing. 9.1.6 Periodical startup test should be carried out to the normal standby equipment which cannot be shifted; 9.1.7 Periodical Work No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Items Sewage discharge of generator leak detector Sewage discharge of generator hydrogen dryer Condenser and heat exchangers exhaust Closed water filter cleaning Once/lobster shift Once/lobster shift Once/shift Time

Sewage cleaning of circulating pump house. Once/day shift Rotary filter screen of circulating water Firefighting equipment and water system inspection Sealing oil screen rotation cleaning Bearing vibration and temperature measure for electric rotating machines and turbine bearings Once/shift Once/swing shift Once/shift Day shift everyday

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Water level checking of heaters, condensers, Once/shift deaerator and steam drum. Checking of drain valve and emergency oil valve of turbine, water feed pump oil tank Day shift of 1st and 15th every month

9.1.8 Periodical Switching No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Items EH auto startup under low oil pressure and oil pump switching Main oil tank smoke fan switching smoke fan of air side seal oil tank switching Gland steam condenser exhauster switching Condensate auto startup and switching under low water pressure Turbine vacuum pump switching Closed water pump auto startup and switching under low water pressure Statr cooling water pump auto startup and switching under low water pressure Open water pump auto startup and switching under low water pressure Circulating water pump switching Day shift of 11 every month
th

Time

Day shift of 10th every month

Day shift of 12th every month

Day shift of 13th every month

9.1.9 Periodical Test No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Item Test of Shutdown Cooling Water Pump Turbine AC/DC motorized Lube Pump Commissioning Turbine HP seal oil standby pump commissioning. DC oil pump of water feed pump turbine commissioning Commissioning of generator air/hydrogen side DC seal oil pump Water feed pump switching HP/IP main stop valve and governor valve action test. Day shift of 30th every month Time

Day shift of 20th every month

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Exhaust check valve action test Vacuum leakage test and low vacuum auto startup Turbine oil filling test ETS online test Day shift of 11th every month each 3 months on 9th every month

10 DEH Operating Procedures

10.1 The DEH control system for 6 units in this projection is electro-hydraulic control system which adopts DCS system introduced from Westhouse Process Control Co., ltd; the hydraulic pressure part adopts high pressure fire-resistant oil; governor valves will be controlled by DEH through electro-hydraulic converter. 10.2 Functions of DEH control system include: 10.2.1 Remote turbine latch 10.2.2 Turning speed feedback loop 10.2.3 Megawatt Feedback Loop 10.2.4 Operator could adjust turning speed target 10.2.5 Operator could adjust the speed increasing rate. 10.2.6 Large-scale speed control 10.2.7 Overspeed test 10.2.8 TV/GV valve switching 10.2.9 Governor valve turning speed and load control 10.2.10 Auto sync interface 10.2.11 Remote interface (auto-attempter, boiler control etc.) 10.2.12 Generator switch shall be closed with initial load. 10.2.13 Operator could adjust the target load. 10.2.14 Operator could adjust the loading rate. 10.2.15 Remote valve position limitation 10.2.16 Operator could adjust valve position limitation 10.2.17 Valve image indication 10.2.18 Valve test 10.2.19 Pressure limiter of main steam – operator adjustment and tele-control 10.2.20 Operator can adjust the high/low load limit; 10.2.21 Blade resonance area shall be preset to improve turbine protection. 10.2.22 Carry out single valve/sequential valve shifting online

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10.2.23 103% overspeed protection 10.2.24 111% overspeed protection 10.3 Working Principle 10.3.1 DEH control system consists of two parts: 10.3.1.1 DEH control cabinet 10.3.1.2 Hydraulic system 10.3.1.3 DEH control cubicle accepts signal which input on site such as OPS (operating speed), MW (Megawatt), TP (Turbine pressure), as well as the indicator sent by operator through CRT; after internal calculation, the signal of GVSPT, OPCO(from ETS system) shall be sent to control the site equipment such as electrical/hydraulic convertor, and electric solenoid valve etc. and then to control the steam valves by hydraulic actuator --- oil actuator. 10.4 Control Mode 10.4.1 Operation Images Introduction 22 Images for operator monitoring totally: 10.4.1.1 Feedback State Display 10.4.1.2 Control mode 10.4.1.3 Bypass mode 10.4.1.4 Valve mode 10.4.1.5 Limiter setting 10.4.1.6 Valve test display 10.4.1.7 Set valve controlling 10.4.1.8 TSI and shaft gland mental temperature 10.4.1.9 Startup temperature control 10.4.1.10 Main stop valve/governor valve switching 10.4.1.11 Turbine running 10.4.1.12 Test temperature of inlet water 10.4.2 Introduction of Control Modes: 10.4.2.1 DEH control includes 4 control modes: a) b) c) d) Turbine Manual (TM) Operation Automatic (OA) AUTOMATIC DISPATCH SYSTEM (ADS) AUTO SYNC(AS)

10.4.2.2 Under OA mode, the following limitation modes can be applied:

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10.4.2.3 In TM mode, operator change the indicating of oil motive directly by manual control or the manual increase/decrease button on the startup image to achieve DEH output adjusting (speed or load); it’s kind of open loop control; in OA mode, speed/load set valve is controlled by CRT image to carry out close loop control to DEH output. Different mode can be shifted without disturbing. 10.5 DEH Control and Operation 10.5.1 Operation Automatic(OA) 10.5.1.1 Operation before turbine running a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Set the controller at “OPER AUTO” mode Check whether the valve position limit sets at zero position. Press “LATCH” button for 2 secs when the image showing “TRIPPING”, unit latched (image shown “LATCH”) Check whether all reheat governor valve and reheat main stop valve set at full opening position. Check and ensure all main stop valve and governor vent valve set at full closing position. Increasing the limit value of valve position to 120%, at this time, governor valve fully open, main stop valve sets at “OUT SERVICE” position, and all steam inlet valves trip. Limit value of valve position shall be at zero position, if not, it shall be decreased to zero. Press “LATCH” button for 2 secs to recopy the unit. Check and ensure all reheat governor valve and reheat main stop valve set at IN SERVICE position. Check all main stop valves and governing valves are at OFF position. Increasing the limit value of valve position to 120%, at this time, governor valve fully open。 Set the OPC switch of manual image on OPC TEST position, governor valve and reheat valve shall close rapidly; turn the switch on IN SERVICE position, and then observe valves re startup.

m) Decide turbine startup mode (hot state or cold state) refer to temperature in each part of turbine. n) Check the speed changing rate shown on the main control image, preselected speed rate will be show, if it’s unqualified, the corrective value shall be input in CONTROL SETPOINT page. Turning speed on the monitor instrument shall be taken as the target value on CONTROL SETPOINT page.

o)

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p)

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Turbine is ready for running, operator carry out hot start or cold start procedures as per the above decision.

10.5.2 AUTO SYNCH(AS) 10.5.2.1 Under AS mode, when the turning speed is approaching 3000r/min and turbine meet the condition of AUTO SYNCH: press CNTL MODE on the upper left of main control image, click the AUTO SYNCH button in pop-up sub-image, and then click PUT IN button in 3 secs, control mode shifts to AUTO SYNCH mode, main image shown “AS” mode. 10.5.2.2 After synchronization, DEH will instruct turbine operates with 5% initial load. AS mode will stop automatically and the operation mode changes to OA mode during turbine synchronization. 10.5.3 MEGAMATT LOOP IN AND OUT(MW IN,MW OUT) 10.5.3.1 Click FEED BACK button at the left lower corner of main control image, press MEGAWATT LOOP button in the pop-up image, and then click PUT IN bottom in 3 secs. Control mode enters MEGAWATT LOOP IN. 10.5.3.2 MEGAMATT LOOP OUT. After megawatt loop in, valve opening will change to ensure the actual output comply with set load when the main steam pressure fluctuates. The changing will also strengthen the pressure change of boiler outlet. 10.5.4 Automatic Dispatch System (ADS) 10.5.4.1 Select REMOTD mode on CONTORL MODE page. If remote contact closure is permitted, the control mode area on the panel will change to ROMOTE. This mode is applicable to the condition that main generator oil switch is closed. At this point, turbine generator is in ADS system. Entered OA mode, ADS mode exits automatically. 10.5.5 Turbine Pressure Limitation (TPL) 10.5.5.1 Main steam pressure limiter can be applied under the following conditions: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Turbine is at load control, and DEH is in OPER AUTO mode. Actual main steam pressure is higher than the set value inputted by operator. Main steam pressure transformers are in good condition. Remote main steam pressure limiter are not applied. Operator Select The shifting of control mode may result in adjustable TPL failure. Once the set point is set, when main steam pressure decreases below the set value, the control set value will decrease which results in load decreasing until the main steam set value recover to the set value or above. Governor valve can be lowered to the position of 20% flux at most.

10.5.6 Hold Load Limit (HLL) 10.5.6.1 When turbine operates with load in OA mode, operator can select High Load Limit mode: HLL is applicable to control Max. Load. It can be applied when turbine operates with load only.

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10.5.6.2 During load increasing period, set value will increases until achieves HLL value. Increasing will be stopped at this point, and the limit information shown. If limiter is cutoff, then information clean away, but increasing will not go on. If increasing is needed, operator can press “GO” button. 10.5.7 Valve Position Limit (VPL) Mode Operator can select valve position limit mode: set the cursor at VALVE POSITION, press SELECT, mode will be changed to VPL. VPL value shown at LIMIT row can be adjusted by the ↑ and ↓ button. Change of limit value is about 33.3%/min, the max. Value is 120%. 10.5.8 OPC MODE DEH has OPC function, when generator switch trips, The signal DEH received from ETS system OPC is 1, DEH logical adjusts REFDMD value to zero (GVSPT adjust to zero);meanwhile, the oil pressure of governor valve oil motive will be released by ETS system through electric solenoid, then accordingly shutdown all oil motive of governor valve. Turbine speed increasing overspeed will be controlled with the shutdown of oil motive; when the turbine speed is lower than 103% of rated turning speed and the OPC action is past 7.5 sec, then electric solenoid is Excitation-loss , oil motive is open to maintain normal turning speed and waiting for synchronization. If turbine speed still higher than 103% rated speed after 7.5 secs, valve will not be opened until the turbine speed is lower than 103% 10.5.9 RUN BACK(RB1,RB2,RB3) When HP valve is higher than certain height (GVR, GVL average height >20%), DEH will shift to RUN BACK state automatically after receiving outer RUN BACK 1-3 (RB1-3) signal: set value will decrease under certain rate until the HP governor valve is lower the certain height. RB 1 running speed is: -50%/min and RB2 speed is -200%/min. 10.5.10 Main stop valve and governor stop valve activity test. 10.5.10.1 Move the cursor to the test valve position (e.g. TV1), click it and then a sub-image pop-up. 10.5.10.2 Press CLOSE (TEST) button, the valve close to 90% position. 10.5.10.3 Press CANCEL button, supplement test valve reopen; 10.5.11 TURBINE MANUAL MODE(TM) TURBINE MANUAL” mode can be entered during turbine operating. Under turbine manual mode, governor valve opening instruction(GVSPT) will be changed by operator directly which is open loop control (not adjusted by DEH), therefore, turbine manual mode is not recommended except under special condition such as turning speed channel failure etc. Method to enter TM mode are as follow: Operating mode can be changed from “OPER AUTO” to “TURBINE MANUAL” by pressing button “TURBINE MANUAL” anytime. Main image shown turbine enters “TM” when manual mode is put into service; Under “TURBINE MANUAL” mode, operator can operate “GV RAISE” and “GV LOWER” on control and startup image manually to control set value of governor valve directly to change turning speed or actual load.

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OPC function will be available under manual control mode; all governor steam valves will be closed upon OPC action. 10.5.12 Channel Test of Emergency Tripping System (ETS) 10.5.12.1 Turbine ETS system channel test (Low EH oil, lube pressure and vacuum etc) 1) Inform C&I on site to carry out ETS channel test; 2) All warning lamp on ETS panel are off; 3) Press button “Enter test” on ETS test panel to enter test mode; indicator lamp lights up; 4) Press the function button for test to be carried out(e.g. Low EH oil pressure, low lube oil, low vacuum etc.), relevant indicator lamp on the panel light up; 5) Press “channel 1” or “channel 2” as per relevant channel for test, then the relevant indicator lamp on the panel light up; 6) Press “test confirmation” once to carry out test; 7) All test channels are validated on action status; 8) To press “Latch Test” to copy relevant action channel; 9) The test channels are validated on non-tripping status, then press “exit test” button to exit test mode. 10.5.12.2 ETS system channel test of electric overspeed function. 1) inform C&I to carry out ETS channel test on site 2) no alarm lamps light up on ETS test panel; 3) Press “ENTER TEST” button on ETS test panel, indicator lamp lights up. 4) Press “OS 1”, “OS 1” lights up; 5) Press “TEST CONFIRM” once to latch. 6) “OS CH1” channel alarming.

7) Press “LATCHED TEST” to copy corresponding action channel 8) Press “TEST OUT” button to exist test mode after confirming “OS CH1”alarm lamp is off. 9) Channel test procedures for “OS 2” AND “OS 3” are the same with “OS 1” 10.5.12.3 OPC electric solenoid valve test 1) C&I group release ETS and boiler MFT protection, ETS panel latched without alarm lighting. 2) C&I group apply DEH system 3) Startup AC lube pump and seal oil standby pump and pumps operate normally; 4) Startup oil pump A or B of EH oil system, pump operates in good condition. 5) Startup compressed air system, system operates in good condition.

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6) Check DEH system shall set at “OPER AUTO” mode, “OPER AUTO” button lights up; 7) GV, IV, RV, TV. Turbine latched, GV, IV, RV,TV are open. 8) Set overspeed protection switch at “TEST” position. 9) Press “OPC electric solenoid valve” test button, lights up; 10) GV1-6, IV1-2 shall close rapidly without jam fault. 11) Exhaust check valves shall close without jam fault. 12) Press “OPC electric solenoid valve” test button, light is off. 13) GV,IV and exhaust check valve is open; 14) Recover the interlock which is released during test procedure; 15) OPC switch sets at “INPUT” position.
11 Accident Disposal

11.1 Accident Disposal Principle 11.1.1 Shift operator shall find out the accident Causes rapidly after accident to restrict accident being enlarged and worse. Personnel and equipment dangerous shall be released decidedly after ensuring that no direct threat to personal and equipment. The operation of equipment without failure shall be arranged as much as possible to satisfy the need of system loading. 11.1.2 Shift operator shall take measures to guarantee the power source for plant power use system. 11.1.3 Operator shall stay at the position to ensure the implementation of the above tasks. Operators shall execute the order to eliminate the abnormities and ensure normal operation by all means. 11.1.4 General speaking, operator shall eliminate the failure according to the following procedures: 11.1.4.1 Eliminate the hazard to personnel and equipment, failure equipment shall be shut down or released if necessary. 11.1.4.2 Failure characteristic, position and scope shall be analysis, judged and found out according to the instrument indicator, LED alarm signal and appearance phenomena of units. Non failure equipment shall be operated continuously while failure being disposed. 11.1.4.3 Each stage of failure elimination shall be informed to shifting engineer as soon as possible to finalize the countermeasure to restrict failure enlarging. 11.1.4.4 When the system or other equipment fails, manures shall be made to maintain the units operates under certain parameter to facilitate the unit recovery. 11.1.4.5 According to the unit operation characteristic, failure in any section will affect the safety operation of whole unit. Therefore, operator in each section shall be communicated and coordinated under the organization of shifting engineer and chief shifting to eliminate the failure. 11.1.4.6 Shifting engineer shall be responsible for the chief shifting engineer during failure disposal. Shifting engineer shall participate in the failure disposal rapidly, and report the failure and

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the measures have been taken to chief shifting engineer, and implement the correct order from chief shifting engineer. 11.1.4.7 Chief shifting engineer is entitled to assemble relevant personnel in the plant to site for failure disposal. Relevant leader shall be on site as soon as possible to instruct (generally the instruction shall be ordered by chief shifting engineer except special situation) and coordinate the failure disposal. 11.1.4.8 Carefully analysis, correct judgments, decisive disposal and rapid action shall be provided to failure disposal; Failure disposal shall be carried out orderly without flustering, or the failure not only cannot be eliminated but also being worse. Operator shall repeat the order loudly once after receiving an order; order must be confirmed before action; and order sender shall be informed by order actor after order executing. 11.1.4.9 Any uncomprehending failure phenomena found by operator shall be reported to chief shifting engineer for mutual observation and disposal. For the failure not described in this manual, operators can analysis combined with his experience and knowledge and take active action, meanwhile report the failure as much as possible. 11.1.4.10 Shift operator is forbidden to leave the working position during unit failure until the unit is recovered. If the failure is happen in shifting time, the work shifting must be postponed and operator have to continuous failure disposal with assistance of operators in the next shift. Work shifting shall be carried out only after failure elimination and receiving work shifting order form shifting engineer. 11.1.4.11 Personnel not related to the failure disposal are forbidden to stay at the failure area. 11.1.4.12 After failure disposal completion, failure phenomena, time, position and disposal procedures shall be recorded in detail on the working record. And the failure shall be analysis on the shift meeting for experience conclusion. 11.1.4.13 When the system fails, sifting engineer and chief shifting engineer is forbidden to leave control room at the same time. 11.2 Turbine Emergency Shutdown 11.2.1 Vacuum must be destroyed to shutdown the turbine under following situation: 11.2.1.1 Turbine speed increased to the speed of emergency governor (3360r/min) but overseed protection doesn’t work. 11.2.1.2 Obvious metal grating and clash in the turbine. 11.2.1.3 Units vibrate strongly. 11.2.1.4 Shaft gland is sparkling. 11.2.1.5 Any bearing in turbine generator unit is oil-brake, smoke or oil return temperature is up to 82℃. 11.2.1.6 Bearing mental temperature of turbine generator achieves the follow value: Bearing No. #1 #2 3 4 5 6 7 Arbitrary point of thrust bush

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Temperature ℃

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112 112 112 112 107 107 107 107

11.2.1.7 Oil level of turbine main oil tank decreased to -400mm. 11.2.1.8 Oil system is firing and fails to put out, and the fire is serious threaten the safety of units and oil tanks. 11.2.1.9 Turbine water induction. 11.2.1.10 Generator, excitation system smoke and fire or hydrogen system exploded or fire. 11.2.1.11 The expansion difference of turbine shall be less than 1mm or larger than 18.98mm. 11.2.1.12 Unit tripping protection doesn’t work at its action value. 11.2.1.13 Plant power cuts completely. 11.2.1.14 DCS Failure and Units Safety Operation. 11.2.2 Operation procedures of vacuum destroy emergency shutdown: 11.2.2.1 Press “Emergency Shutdown” button at control room or set the tripping handle at “TRIPPING” position, generator trips or be tripped manually, boiler flameout. To check the LED screen “Main Stop Valve Close” is alarming, exhaust check valves closed, and turbine speed is decreasing. 11.2.2.2 Startup AC lube pump, HP seal oil standby pump; lube oil pressure is normal; 11.2.2.3 Release vacuum pump interlock; stop vacuum operation, open condenser vacuum destroying valve. Adjust pressure of shaft gland as per condenser vacuum condition. Shaft gland steam supply can be stopped when vacuum is zero. 11.2.2.4 Check water level of condenser and deaerator is normal; 11.2.2.5 When the turbine speed decreases to 200r/min, check whether the jacking oil pump is put into service, if not, manual startup shall be applied. 11.2.2.6 Unit operation shall be checked carefully during idling time, sound in the turbine generator shall be observed; idling time of turbine shall be recorded in detail. 11.2.2.7 Turning speed decrease to zero; and then barring apply. Complete other shutdown operation which specified in the operation procedure. 11.3 Turbine Operation Parameter Abnormity 11.3.1 Main Stem Pressure Abnormity 11.3.1.1 Phenomena a) b) Main steam pressure indicator increasing or decreasing. Low or High main steam pressure alarming.

11.3.1.2 Causes a) b) Unit load sudden change. Improper adjustment or auto control failure.

11.3.1.3 Disposal

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a) b) c)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

The changing main steam pressure shall be adjusted to recover normal scope. If steam pressure is abnormal due to rapid load changing, the load shall be held and load can be changed only after the pressure recovers normally. If main steam pressure is increasing, unit load should be increased properly under the condition that unit load within the permit value. Attention shall be paid to the change of main steam temperature, condenser vacuum and steam exhaust temperature. Shifting engineer shall be reported to when the pressure before main stop valve is up to 17.5MPa, detail situation shall be record; Total accumulated time of operation in this speed shall not exceed 12 hours in a year. HP bypass valve will open automatically when pressure before main steam valve is up to 17.5MPa Inform shifting engineer and shutdown the turbine when the pressure before main stop valve is up to 21.7MPa. During fixed pressure operation, when the pressure before main stop valve decreases to 15MPa or lower, main steam pressure shall be checked and held at 15MPa, or the operation mode will be changed to sliding pressure operation; if pressure keep decreasing, governor valve opening shall be reduced for load decreasing to maintain a stable pressure before main stop vale. Turbine operates with load according to the normal mode after the pressure before main stop valve recovery.

d)

e) f) g)

h)

11.3.2 Superheat Steam Temperature Overheat 11.3.2.1 Phenomena a) b) c) High overheat steam signal alarming; Working Medium's Temperature of overheater sections increasing. Overheat heating surface leakage: working medium temperature of the sections before leakage point is decreasing and that the working medium temperature of sections after leakage point is increasing obviously.

11.3.2.2 Causes a) b) c) d) e) f) Feed water and desuperheated water system or auto device failure which result in feed water and desuperheated water flux decreasing abnormally. impropriety adjustment during operation results in coal-water ratio maladjustment (fuel tank water pressure insufficient) Coal feeding interrupted when coal pulverizing system is operating; a mass of Pulverized coal entered into furnace when coal pulverizing system is failed (separator blockage). Improperly air quantity adjustment or coal quality changing; bad working condition of combustion, flame center of furnace shifts up. Overheat steam pressure increases in large range; or feed water temperature decreases. Low temperature overheater of overheater tail smoke well leakage or cracking; or combustible which remains in this overheater is re-burning

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11.3.2.3 Disposal a) b)

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Adjustment shall be carried out rapidly. Find out the causes of overheat steam temperature increasing and take measures to eliminate the failure. Main steam temperature shall be controlled when it is up to 552℃; the accumulated over temperature (exceeds 552℃) time shall not exceed 400 hours during a year. When overheat steam temperature is up to 556 ℃ or above, flux quantity can be increasing by opening magnetic relief valve to decrease the impact to the turbine. But the operation shall be attention to avoid reheat steam temperature increasing and unit load decreasing.

c)

d) e)

If its caused by overheat steam pressure increasing, the cause shall be found out t recover normal overheat steam pressure. When the overheat steam temperature is up to 561℃~565℃,and cannot be recovered or still exceeding 566℃ after 15 mins operating, then ask shifting engineer for emergency shutdown instruction of turbine and boiler. If emergency shutdown results from overheat steam over temperature, causes shall be found out and eliminated before re startup.

f)

11.3.3 Reheat Steam Overheat 11.3.3.1 Phenomena a) b) c) Overheat signal of reheat steam is alarming. Temperature of reheater system points increased. If heating surface of reheater is leaking, temperature of points after leakage point increases.

11.3.3.2 Causes a) b) c) d) e) Swing position of combustor obliquity up tilt and desuperheat water of reheater is small. Too much air quantity. Coal or combustion working condition is changing, frame center of furnace is moving up. Relief valve of reheater inlet jump failure. Heating surface of reheater leakage and pipes exploding.

11.3.3.3 Disposal a) Boiler group adjust and records over temperature time. Reheat steam temperature higher than 552℃ shall be recovered a.s.a.p, the accumulated over temperature during operation shall not exceed 400 hours in a year. b) If reheater steam temperature is achieving 556℃ or above, outlet of reheater can be opened for steam exhausting to decrease the impact to the turbine. But the operation shall avoid too much reheat steam temperature and unit load decreasing.

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c)

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If reheat steam temperature increasing caused by magnetic relief valve of reheater open or reheater relief valve failure, besides temperature increasing measures, the disposal shall be carried out according to relevant specification of magnetic relief valve and reheater relief valve failure. When the reheat steam temperature is up to 561℃~565℃,and cannot be recovered or still exceeding 566℃ after 15 mins operating, then ask shifting engineer for emergency shutdown instruction. Re-startup can be carried out only after the Causes of temperature decreasing are found and failure is eliminated.

d)

11.3.4 Low Reheat steam temperature too low 11.3.4.1 Phenomena a) b) c) Reheat steam temperature indication decreased, LOW signal alarming. Working medium’s temperature in each section of reheater is decreasing. Water induction in steam pipeline.

11.3.4.2 Causes a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Improper coal-water mixing (insufficient coal quantity or too much feed water pressure), improper 1st and 2nd desuperheat water mixing. Automatic device of feed water and desuperheat water system failure result in feed water and desuperheat water flux increases abnormally. Coal pulverizing system or fuel oil system failure result in fuel decreases abnormally. Overheat steam pressure is decreasing. Feed water temperature is increasing or air quantity is insufficient. Furnace flameout results from unstable combustion. Overheat water level of steam drum Bypass desuperheater water of turbine returns to the steam pipeline.

11.3.4.3 Disposal a) Under rated load working condition, when the overheat steam temperature decreased to 520℃, unit load shall be decreased properly. When the overheat steam temperature is decreased to 495℃, sliding pressure operation shall be applied to decrease 10MW for each 1℃ temperature decreasing. Turbine proper drain shall be open and the steam overheat shall be maintained at 150 ℃ or above. Turbine governor valve shall be decreased to maintain normal pressure of overheat steam, electric solenoid release valve shall be opened if necessary to minimize the impact to the turbine. b) Steam temperature decreased to 465℃ in 5mins and couldn’t be recovered by adjusting and loading down, then shifting engineer shall be reported to instruct turbine and boiler emergency shutdown. c) If emergency boiler and turbine shutdown is caused by overlow overheat steam temperature, the failure causes shall be found out and eliminated before re-startup.

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11.3.5.1 Phenomena a) b) c)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

11.3.5 Low Reheat Steam Temperature

Low reheat steam temperature signal alarming. Temperature in reheater system points are decreasing. Water induction in steam pipeline.

11.3.5.2 Causes a) b) c) d) e) f) Automatic control device of reheater desuperheat water system failure, desuperheat water volume of reheat steam is increasing. Air quantity is decreasing. Coal and combustion working condition changing, flame center of furnace is shift-down. Desuperheat water of HP cylinder bypass flows into reheater system which results in steam temperature of LP reheater inlet decrease. Stop valve failure results in two sides of reheater steam temperature arises deviation. Partial boiler heating surface is serious coking.

11.3.5.3 Disposal a) Unit operates with rated load, temperature shall be adjusted to abnormal value when reheat steam decreases to 520℃. If reheat steam decreases to 495℃ and keep decreasing without control, operator shall report shifting engineer to carry out sliding pressure operation, i.e. loading down 10MW for each 1℃ temperature decrease, meanwhile turbine proper water drain shall be opened to ensure the steam overheat is not less than 150℃. b) c) When the reheat steam temperature of turbine side decreases to 465℃ and couldn’t be recovered by adjusting, emergency shutdown shall be applied to turbine and boiler. If emergency turbine and boiler shutdown results from reheat steam temperature overlow, the failure shall be found out and eliminated before re-startup.

11.3.6 Comparison table of temperature decreasing and unit load. Temperature℃ Load MW 495 300 490 250 485 200 480 150 475 100 470 50 465 0 Below 465 Shutdown

11.3.6.1 Two sides temperature of HP or IP main stop valves is up to 42℃ or above under 15 mins continuous operation, monitor shall be reported asked for turbine shutdown instruction.. 11.3.6.2 Monitor or shifting engineer shall be reported and turbine shall be shutdown when the main and reheat steam temperature is up to 42℃ at rated load, or up to 83℃ or above at or approaching no-load operation. (see attachment 18) 11.3.6.3 Main steam and reheat steam temperature is decreasing 50℃ or above within 10 mins, then monitor or shifting engineer shall be reported and asked for turbine shutdown instruction.

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11.3.6.4 Steam pressure shall be decreased properly to ensure the overheating of steam when main steam and reheat steam temperature is decreasing. 11.3.6.5 When steam temperature and steam pressure are decreasing at the same time, the disposal shall refer to that for steam temperature decreasing. 11.3.6.6 Temperature changing during operation, monitor shall be improved to the changes of unit vibration, sound, expansion, axial displacement, thrust bearing temperature, upper & lower cylinder and rotor stress etc. 11.4 Turbine Water Induction 11.4.1 Phenomena 11.4.1.1 DEH and CRT alarm when main, reheat steam and cylinder temperature and temperature difference of upper and lower cylinder are decreasing rapidly 11.4.1.2 TSI panel alarm if TSI and CRT of DEH shown that turbine axial displacement, expansion difference and vibration are decreasing. 11.4.1.3 Temperatures of thrust bearing oil return and mental are decreasing. 11.4.1.4 Obvious water hammer and metal noise are heard in man and reheat steam pipe and steam exhaust pipe of turbine. 11.4.1.5 Main and reheat steam pipe and steam exhaust pipe vibrate; pipe flanges, valve seal rings, cylinder contact surface and shaft gland are steaming. 11.4.1.6 Sound of turbine changes obviously. 11.4.2 Causes 11.4.2.1 Turbine water overflow 11.4.2.2 Improper boiler adjustment 11.4.2.3 Desuperheater water of overheater or reheater is out of control. 11.4.2.4 Heater is overflow, protection failure and check valve untightness. 11.4.2.5 Unit load increases rapidly which results in boiler water and steam boiling. 11.4.2.6 Unsmooth water drain in HP/IP cylinder. 11.4.2.7 Untightness and leakage HP bypass desuperheat water. 11.4.3 Treatment 11.4.3.1 Water induction of any unit shall treated according to vacuum destroy emergency shutdown procedure. 11.4.3.2 Water drain valves of turbine proper or relevant steam pipes shall be opened; 11.4.3.3 Parameters such as axial displacement, expansion difference, thrust bearing mental temperature and vibration etc. shall be monitored carefully. 11.4.3.4 Sounds in the turbine generator shall be monitored carefully; idling time shall be recorded in detail.

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11.4.3.5 If water induction is caused by water overflow of heater and deaerator, the steam exhausting electric valve shall be closed immediately; failure heater shall be desynchronized. 11.4.3.6 When the turbine speed decreases to zero, continuous barring shall be applied. 11.4.3.7 When the turbine speed decreases to zero and barring puts in to service, attention shall be paid to the barring current, rotor eccentricity, rotor deformation and inner grating; barring turning by force is forbidden. 11.4.3.8 Turbine is forbidden to be started in 24 hours after turbine emergency shutdown due to water induction; when turbine restarts, temperature difference between upper and lower cylinder shall be <42℃ and rotor eccentricity shall be <0.076mm. 11.4.3.9 After turbine meet the hot startup condition, start up turbine; during startup procedure, rotor eccentricity, axial displacement, expansion different, thrust bearing mental temperature and vibration value shall be monitored and satisfied the control target, water drain of turbine proper and steam pipes shall be monitored; if abnormity sound or grating can be heard when turbine re-startup, turbine shall be shut down by destroying vacuum; turbine shutdown situation and operation shall be reported; 11.4.3.10 During idling time, the turbine axial displacement, expansion difference, vibration, obvious temperature increasing of thrust bearing mental, oil return as well as obvious decreasing idling time shall be reported; and then the cylinder opening inspection will be carried out or not shall be decided according thrust bush situation, or startup is not permit. 11.4.3.11 If abnormity sound in the turbine and grating in rotating part are heard, the situation shall be reported and cylinder opening inspection shall be carried out. 11.5 Axial displacement increasing. 11.5.1 Phenomena: 11.5.1.1 Visual-sound alarm warning for “Large axial displacement” on BTG panel 11.5.1.2 Visual alarm warning on TSI panel. 11.5.1.3 Axial displacement indicator of DEH and TSI is increasing. 11.5.1.4 Turbine thrust bush is increasing. 11.5.2 Causes 11.5.2.1 Unit load, steam parameter or flux is changing suddenly. 11.5.2.2 Turbine water induction: 11.5.2.3 Thrusting bush is wearing 11.5.2.4 Blade serious fouling and broken. 11.5.2.5 Condenser vacuum changing. 11.5.2.6 Balance drum and gland steam are wearing. 11.5.2.7 Unit overload. 11.5.2.8 Shaft gland of balance drum is serious wearing due to violent turbine vibration which results in turbine unbalance.

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11.5.3 Disposal:

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

11.5.3.1 Axial displacement increases: check the change of thrust bearing temperature, oil return temperature, expansion differential, vibration etc.; ask shifting engineer for loading-down instruction; C&I group is required to check the axial displacement. 11.5.3.2 If axial displacement increasing is up to alarm value, or thrust bush temperature is up to 90℃, causes shall be founded out and load shall be decreased immediately until the thrust bush temperature is stable. 11.5.3.3 If thrust bush temperature is increasing rapidly and exceed 95 ℃ and oil return temperature is obvious increasing, emergency shutdown shall be applied. 11.5.3.4 Find out if the failure is caused by the above reasons, and eliminate as soon as possible; 11.5.3.5 Abnormal sound, serious vibration and obvious water induction are happened while the axial displacement of turbine is changing, emergency shutdown shall be applied; 11.5.3.6 If tripping protection of axial displacement fails to trip when the axial displacement is up to tripping value, then manual tripping shall be applied to shutdown the unit by vacuum destroying. 11.6 Turbine overspeed 11.6.1 Phenomena 11.6.1.1 Abnormity sound in turbine. 11.6.1.2 Turbine turning speed is exceeding 3300r/min, and increasing. 11.6.1.3 Unit vibration increasing. 11.6.2 Causes 11.6.2.1 Unit load decreases to zero in a sudden, and turning speed couldn’t be controlled under 3330r/min or below by governor system. 11.6.2.2 103% and 110% overspeed governor fails to act or main stop valve and governor stop jam fault 11.6.3 Disposal 11.6.3.1 Press turbine emergency tripping button or manual emergency tripping device to shutdown the turbine. 11.6.3.2 Check whether the TV, GV, IV, RV and exhaust check valve of each stage as well as electric valve are closed tightly, if not, take measures to close it. 11.6.3.3 Open all steam exhaust valve of boiler for emergency pressure relief. 11.6.3.4 Apply HP/LP bypass 11.6.3.5 Stop the operating vacuum, open vacuum destroying valve. 11.6.3.6 Startup AC lube pump when turbine speed decreases to check the oil pressure. 11.6.3.7 HP/LP bypass shall be stopped when vacuum decreases to 83.1KPa.

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11.6.3.8 Sound in the turbine shall be observed carefully and idling time shall be recorded correctly. 11.6.3.9 Carry out overall inspection to the unit to find out and eliminate the defect before re-startup. 11.6.3.10 Speed increasing and electric overspeed test shall be carried out to emergency governor; synchronization can be applied only after the tests are qualified. 11.7 Abnormity unit vibration. 11.7.1 Phenomena 11.7.1.1 Vibration indication of DEH, TSI is increasing. 11.7.1.2 CRT image visual – sound alarming “Rotor vibration” 11.7.1.3 TSI panel Lamp warning. 11.7.1.4 Abnormity sound in the unit. 11.7.2 Causes: 11.7.2.1 Unit load, parameters change in a sudden. 11.7.2.2 Change of lube pressure, lube temperature, and seal oil temperature. 11.7.2.3 Inner grating at static and rotary part, circulating part and end shaft gland of turbine generator. 11.7.2.4 Stator and rotor current of generator is unbalanced. 11.7.2.5 Turbine water induction 11.7.2.6 Turbine blade broken. 11.7.2.7 Rotor bending 11.7.2.8 Turbine generator non centering. 11.7.2.9 Turbine generator rotor unbalance. 11.7.2.10 Turbine circulating part bending. 11.7.2.11 Bearing oil film is unstable. 11.7.2.12 Generator component loosening. 11.7.2.13 Sundries drop into the static and rotation part of turbine generator. 11.7.2.14 Generator temperature changes too fast, hydrogen temperature difference is too large. 11.7.2.15 Insufficient turbine warning up during startup procedure. 11.7.2.16 Expansion difference exceeds permit valve. 11.7.3 Disposal: 11.7.3.1 Emergency shutdown shall be applied to turbine when the turbine vibrates serious or has obvious mental grating,

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a)

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11.7.3.2 Disposal principle for serious vibration during startup process. Protection device fails to act when the shaft vibration is up to 0.254mm, unit shall be shut down immediately for the following inspection: 1) Steam parameter. 2) Speed increasing rate. Especially the speed increasing rate shall be ensured at 300r/min. 3) If the temperature difference for upper and lower HP/IP cylinders are within specified range. 4) Water drain 5) Check whether the turning speed is changed; 6) Check whether the generator hydrogen temperature and temperature difference of two ends are normal; 7) Whether the rotation parts of turbine generator grit; relevant measures shall be taken according to the above failure causes to recover the turbine before turbine re-startup. b) When the turbine speed is less than 600r/min and eccentricity is 〉 0.076mm, turbine shall be stopped to carry out continuous barring until the eccentricity is 〈0.076mm, then turbine can be startup again. When turbine turning speed is higher than 600r/min, and the vibration is up to the alarm value 0.125mm, speed shall be held for 15 mins; if vibration value isn’t decrease, speed shall be decreased to 200r/min, holding 15 mins; if no vibration decreasing, the speed shall keep decreases until vibration value is decreasing and stable; and than the speed can be increased back to 600r/min for turbine warming up. Turbine speed is forbidden to stay within the range of critical turning speed.

c)

d)

11.7.3.3 When the turbine vibration is up to 0.125 and the vibration alarm warning, or doubtful sound is heard in the turbine, generator, and exciting machine, then the turbine load shall be decreased or other measures shall be taken to decrease the vibration until permit range. During vibration analysis, the following items shall be checked also: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Whether the lube temperature, pressure, bearing temperature and oil return temperature has abnormal change. Whether the steam parameter satisfy the specification. Whether cylinder expansion and HP/IP cylinder expansion difference is normal. Whether the opening of two sides of stop valves are normal; If generator shaft vibration is large, generator hydrogen temperature and temperature difference of two ends shall be checked. Sound in the turbine generator shall be observed carefully. If temperature difference between upper and lower cylinder≥42℃, turbine shall be treated according to the emergency shutdown.

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11.7.3.4 Turbine shall trip automatically when the vibration is up to 0254mm during operation, or emergency failure shutdown shall be applied. a) b) c) If the generator vibration is obvious mitigation after excitation is relief, that proves the vibration is caused by generator part. During startup process, if obvious grating can be heard form shaft gland end or circulating part, startup shall be stopped for examination and repair. During shutdown process, if obvious grating can be heard form shaft gland end or circulating part, then examination and repair shall be carried out before the next startup.

11.8 Condenser Vacuum Decrease 11.8.1 Compare the vacuum indication and steam exhaust temperature on each image when condenser vacuum is decreasing, if vacuum decreases exactly, report to shifting engineer and measures shall be taken: 11.8.1.1 CRT image shown condenser vacuum drops; 11.8.1.2 CRT image shown LP cylinder steam exhaust temperature increases; 11.8.1.3 CRT image alarm “LV” warning. 11.8.2 The following reasons of vacuum drops shall be checked and then measures shall be taken: 11.8.2.1 Circulating pump failure, circulating water flux decreases, circulating water interrupted. 11.8.2.2 High water level in condenser hot well. 11.8.2.3 Shaft gland system operates abnormally 11.8.2.4 Vacuum pump failure or water level of vacuum pump separator is too high/low 11.8.2.5 Vacuum system leakage. 11.8.2.6 Shaft gland system of water feed pump turbine abnormity 11.8.2.7 Low water level of water makeup water tank. 11.8.2.8 Bypass system improper adjustment or misoperation. 11.8.2.9 Vacuum destroying valve open due to misoperation. 11.8.3 Disposal Principle of Vacuum Drops 11.8.3.1 Causes of vacuum drops shall be found out by checking steam exhaust temperature, shaft gland pressure, circulating water pressure and condenser water level; failure shall be handled and reported to monitor and shifting engineer in time. 11.8.3.2 Standby vacuum pump shall be applied to improve vacuum degree when the vacuum drops to 87KPa. 11.8.3.3 If vacuum keeps dropping, turbine load shall be decreased immediately; turbine load shall be decreased following the vacuum drops. 50MW load will be decreased for each 1KPa vacuum drops; when the vacuum drops to -82KPa, unit load decreases to zero.

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Vacuum KPa Load MW

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87 300 86 250 85 200 84 150 83 100 82 50 81 0 80 Shutdown

11.8.3.4 Vacuum drops to -79.7KP, turbine shall trip automatically, LED “LV TRIP” screen alarming. ETS panel “LV” lights up; “LV” tripping channel lamp lights up; turbine trips according to the procedures of failure shutdown. 11.8.3.5 Attention shall be pay to the operation of small turbine water feed pump, electric water feed pump shall be shifted to if necessary when vacuum drops. 11.8.3.6 Pay attention to the temperature changing of LP cylinder exhaust, water spray shall be applied when the exhaust steam is up to 80℃; if the exhaust steam is up to 121℃ or above and couldn’t be decreased in 15 mins, shifting engineer shall be reported to instruct turbine shutdown. 11.8.3.7 If the vacuum decrease is caused by vacuum system pipeline or equipment broken, besides the regular disposal ,the system equipment of failure part shall be isolated immediately; if isolation cannot be carried but certain vacuum can be maintained, the situation shall be reported and turbine shutdown by loading down when the vacuum is cannot maintained. 11.8.3.8 Circulating water pump operates normally, outer butterfly valve of standby water feed pump is close; system pressure is normal; condenser water inlet/outlet valve are open. 11.8.3.9 Check the vacuum operation state and butterfly valve state, if its abnormity, C&I group shall be informed for disposal. 11.8.3.10 Shaft Gland System Inspection a) b) Check the pressure of shaft gland manifold, if pressure is low, then the action of shaft gland steam source and overflow valve shall be checked. Check the operation of gland steam condenser exhauster; check whether the water level of gland steam is high, any abnormity shall be eliminated in time.

11.8.3.11 Check the tightness of vacuum destroying valve. 11.8.3.12 Check the valve state of water feed pump turbine shaft gland system; check whether the pressure system is leaking, if so, electric water pump shall be applied, the leakage water feed pump turbine and its steam exhaust butterfly valve shall be de-synchronisation. 11.8.3.13 HP/LP bypass shall be cutoff and water drain valve of main and reheat steam pipe to condenser shall be closed in time for the turbine emergency shutdown. 11.8.4 Phenomena and disposal principle for Vacuum decrease under the following causes: 11.8.4.1 Circulating water interruption a) Circulating water interrupted: circulating pump current decreases to zero, inlet/outlet water pressure of condenser approaches zero, vacuum decreases in a sudden, “LV” signals sent. Turbine trips immediately after circulating water interrupted, boiler “MFT”, generator de-synchronization, and turbine turning speed shall be decreased. Open AC lube pump and pay attention to the lube oil pressure.

b) c)

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d) e) f) g)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Bypass system is forbidden to be applied (including 5% boiler bypass), water inlet valve shall be closed. Close opened cooling water pump, pay attention to the lube oil temperature and temperature change of heat exchanger. Close the water drain valves on main and reheat steam pipeline and water feed pump turbine HP steam pipeline manually. Circulating water interrupted results in temperature increase of condenser, the condenser water supplement shall be carried out only after the condenser is cooling until 50℃. Attention shall be paid to the monitor of condensate hardness. LP cylinder water spray for temperature decreasing by force. Stop turbine shaft gland steam supply and open vacuum destroying valve of condenser when the vacuum is approaching zero. Check whether the diaphragm of turbine and water feed pump turbine is crack if necessary. Circulating pump is forbidden to close if there are obvious failures or electrical failure signals. Other operation of shutdown.

h) i) j) k) l)

11.8.4.2 Circulating water volume decreasing. a) b) Check whether the inlet rotating filter screen of circulating water pump is dirty. 。Check whether the circulating water outlet pipe of condenser has residual air, open vent valve of condenser circulating water outlet pipe to discharge the air and then close the vent valve. c) d) Check the inlet/outlet valves opening of condenser circulating water. Check the operation working condition of circulating water pum.

11.8.4.3 Condenser tube plate sewage. a) b) Phenomena: condenser water inlet pressure increases, heating degree is increases, and vacuum degree decrease gradually. Disposal: apply condenser rubber ball cleaning system during operating; half part of condenser de-synchronization for sewage removing.

11.8.4.4 High water level in condenser a) b) Phenomena: Water level of condenser indicates at “”High-High” (1020mm) value or above, condensate temperature decreases and vacuum decreases gradually. Causes: Condensate pump failure or water return at water outlet check valve of standby condensate pump; deaerator or condenser water level auto governor failure or improper manual governing etc. Disposal principle: condensate pump failure, and then standby condensate pump shall be applied; if standby condensate pump is not available or both condenser pump are failure and couldn’t be repaired, turbine trips, when vacuum is decrease to zero, water

c)

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shall be drained out of the condenser; if standby condensate pump water flows backwards, water outlet valve shall be closed or pump shall be shifting; water level of deaerator shall adjust automatically; manual adjustment mode will be applied if condenser water level governor is failure. 11.8.4.5 Condenser copper pipe cracking and leakage. a) b) Phenomena: condenser water level increases, water is muddy with hardness increase. Disposal: Report to the shifting engineer, loading down the unit and drain the condensate to the sewer tunnel; and then half part of condenser de-synchronization for leakage checking. If the failure couldn’t be eliminated during operating, shutdown elimination shall be applied. Attention shall be paid to condenser water level.

11.8.4.6 Vacuum system air leakage: leakage checking shall be carried out to vacuum system pipeline flange, valve gasket, turbine and water feed pump turbine diaphragm, vacuum destroy valve, exhaust pipe and water drain under negative pressure, cylinders contact surface, shaft gland system of turbine and water feed pump turbine, water gauge of LP heater, pipeline system before LP bypass; leakage shall be filled by filling material and then measures shall be taken to repair the leakage, thickness paint or welding shall be adopted for leakage repair. 11.9 Abnormity Working of Lube Oil System 11.9.1 Oil pressure decreased without oil level changing. 11.9.1.1 Causes: a) b) c) Main oil pump or oil injection operates abnormally; Lube oil screen is smudginess. Check valve insufficiency leakage.

11.9.1.2 Disposal: a) HP seal oil standby pump shall startup automatically when the lube pressure decreases to 0.082MPa; AC lube pump shall startup automatically if the lube pressure decreases to 0.08MPa; DC lube pump shall startup automatically when the lube pressure decreases to 0.075MPa; or manual startup for AC/DC lube pump shall be applied; attention shall be paid to the change of turbine generator bearing and oil temperature. Temperature changes should be reported to shifting engineer or monitor in time. Dirty lube filter screen: filter screen shall be shifted to standby filter screen or bypass valve in time, and then contact overhaul group for cleaning. Check the inlet/outlet pressure of main oil pump, if main oil pump or oil injector operates abnormally, it shall be reported and the equipment shall be shut down for examination and repair. Lube pressure decreases to 0.048MPa; turbine will trip by low oil pressure protection device.

b) c)

d)

11.9.2 Oil level decreases without oil pressure change. 11.9.2.1 Causes: a) oil cooler and oil return pipe etc. leakage;

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b) c)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Oil tank water drain valve, sampling valve and emergency oil drain valve leakage. Oil gauge failure.

11.9.2.2 Disposal: a) b) c) d) e) f) Check oil gauge to confirm oil level decreases; causes shall be found out and reported to monitor and shifting engineer. Check whether the water drain valve, sampling valve and emergency oil drain valve are tightness. Water drain inspection shall be carried out to oil cooler, leaked oil cooler shall be shifted and sent to repair. Check whether oil system pipeline is leak to avoid oil leakage on high temperature pipeline and equipment. Oil shall be supplemented by overhaul personnel when the oil level in oil tank drops to -152mm. Turbine shall shutdown when the oil level of oil tank drops to -563mm.

11.9.3 Oil pressure and level decrease at the same time. 11.9.3.1 Causes a) b) Serious oil leakage in oil cooler. Serious oil leakage in oil pipeline.

11.9.3.2 Disposal: a) Serious oil leakage in oil system: measures shall be taken to stop the leakage to minimize oil leakage or change the leakage direction; oil is forbidden to leak on the high temperature pipeline and equipment; overhaul personnel is informed to supplement oil and eliminate the failure. Serious oil leakage in oil, then oil cooler shall be shifted. Serious oil leakage results in lube pressure decreases to 0.048MPa, turbine shall be tripped and shutdown immediately. EH oil system failure

b) c) 11.10

11.10.1 EH oil pressure decreases: 11.10.1.1 Phenomena: a) b) c) d) CRT visual-sound alarm warning “Low Oil Pressure” DEH image alarming. CRT image or local EH oil pressure <11.3Mpa. Standby EH oil pumps startup by interlock.

11.10.1.2 Clause a) EH oil pump failure.

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b) c) d) e) f) g)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

EH oil system leakage Large pressure difference of EH oil pump filter screen. Overflow valve failure Low oil level of EH oil tank Oil motive and servo valve leakage. Nitrogen pressure of high pressure accumulator of EH oil decrease

11.10.1.3 Disposal a) b) Standby pump shall startup automatically when the EH oil pressure decreases to 11.3MPa, or standby EH oil pump shall startup manually on turbine sequential control EH oil pump failure: start up standby pump, shutdown standby pump; if standby pump is not available, release EH oil pressure to 9.3MPa. “EH oil pressure” lamp lights up and “tripping” lamp lights up. Check whether EH oil system is leaking, if so, leakage point shall be isolated on the premise that oil pressure can be guarantee. Check whether outlet filter screen pressure difference alarm is warming, if so, start up standby pump and shutdown operating pump for filter cleaning. Check overflow valve on site, if the action value isn’t correct, report to shifting engineer or chief shifting engineer and contact overhaul group to repair. Turbine shutdown when oil level of EH oil tank decreases to 194mm. Oil motive or servo leakage shall be reported to shifting engineer or chief shifting engineer; relevant parties shall be informed to repair. Check nitrogen pressure of high pressure accumulator and supplement nitrogen if necessary. Turbine Blade Broken

c) d) e) f) g) h) 11.11

11.11.1 Phenomena 11.11.1.1 Vibration increase 11.11.1.2 Critical turning speed increases abnormally. 11.11.1.3 Mental clash and barring grating 11.11.1.4 Condensate hardness increase. 11.11.1.5 Monitored section pressure increase. 11.11.2 Causes. 11.11.2.1 Blade frequency nonconformity or bad blade quality. 11.11.2.2 Turbine overspeed operating or blade weariness results from operation frequency exceed normal value for long time. 11.11.3 Disposal

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11.11.3.1 Turbine emergency shutdown shall be carried out immediately when obvious mental crash or vibration is heard inside the turbine. 11.11.3.2 Pressure abnormity of governor stage or steam exhaust during operating, the change of turbine vibration, axial displacement, thrust bearing mental temperature shall be compared and anal analyzed to confirm the causes of abnormity; if the abnormity is caused by blade crack, turbine shall be shut down for repair. 11.11.3.3 Prevent turbine from overspeed operation and water induction. 11.11.3.4 Turbine operation shall be controlled within the specified frequency and load to aovid operating under low temperature, low vacuum, low frequency and overload. 11.11.3.5 Strengthen steam, water quality supervision. 11.11.3.6 Pay attention to the maintenance after turbine shutdown. 11.11.3.7 Blade inspection (NDT and integrity) shall be carried out periodically. 11.12 Load change suddenly.

11.12.1 Phenomena 11.12.1.1 Load fluctuates in large-scale. 11.12.1.2 Turbine axial displacement changes in a sudden. 11.12.1.3 Temperature of thrust bearing mental increase. 11.12.1.4 Abnormity sound in the turbine. 11.12.2 Causes 11.12.2.1 Turbine control system failure or governor stop valves failure. 11.12.2.2 HP/LP bypasses unwanted operation or exhaust system shutdown in a sudden. 11.12.2.3 Abnormity change of power grid or abnormity boiler operation. 11.12.3 Disposal 11.12.3.1 Unexpected load increase/decrease shall find out the causes, overload shall be reduced until rated value; analysis shall be carried out to confirm that turbine interior is normal; 11.12.3.2 If boiler abnormal operation results in load sudden change, steam inlet quantity of turbine shall be adjusted to level off the steam parameter; 11.12.3.3 If load sudden change results from abnormal frequency of power grid, turbine shall be adjusted as much as possible to meet the load requirement, overload shall be prevented. 11.12.3.4 If load change results from control system, then manual control shall be shifted to; if manual control is failed too, turbine shutdown for examination and repair. 11.12.3.5 If load change results from governor stop valve breaks off, load shall be controlled as per permit flux and governor stage pressure; load is forbidden to increase or decrease when the governor stop valve is jam fault. 11.13 Generator Failure

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11.12.4 Generator runs back to zero, turning speed can be controlled by DEH.

Load decreases to zero, governor stage pressure decreases to zero. Main steam flux decreases in a sudden. Water level of steam drum increases after decreasing. Overheat steam pressure increases rapidly; relief valve of overheater may act. Turbine turning speed decreases and hold in a certain range (didn’t exceed the action speed of emergency governor) after an increase. OPC acts Bypass sets at “AUTO” position, bypass is open.

11.12.4.2 Disposal a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Turbine turning speed is controlled at 3000r/min by DEH. Unit coordinate control, DEH and other control systems change to manual adjustment. Check HP/LP bypasses acts normally. Steam resource changed from auxiliary steam header supply to adjacent unit supply. Apply auxiliary steam as standby steam source of shaft gland. Adjust gland steam pressure, condensate water level and deaerator water level. Attention shall be paid to the steam temperature, steam pressure and cylinder temperature during boiler operation; boiler operation shall keep the required parameters. Overall inspection shall be carried out to the unit, e.g.: axial displacement, expansion difference, thrust bearing mental temperature, vibration and sound are normal; Shifting engineer shall be informed to instruct the generator synchronization after overall inspection. A turbine operates with load as per requirement and fulfills other operations after synchronization. If combustion, water level and other steam couldn’t be maintained by manual adjustment and cause MFT, then turbine shall carry out re-purging and then apply hot startup. Turbine shall be loaded as per “Recommendation of Load Change” curve after synchronization, and finished other operation.

h)

i)

11.12.5 Generator runs back to zero, turning speed can be controlled by DEH 11.12.5.1 Phenomena a) b) c) d) Load decreases to zero, governor state pressure decreases to zero. Turbine turning speed is up to 3300r/min. Turning speed couldn’t be controlled after OPC action. 110% overspeed governor acts and sends visual –sound signal.

11.12.5.2 Disposal

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If OPC acts, confirm turbine TV, GV, IV, RV and exhaust check valves in each stage, electric valves are closed tightly, turbine turning speed is decreasing; if turning speed keeps increasing, turbine shall shutdown by vacuum destroying. If OPC is failed to act, vacuum shall be destroyed immediately to shutdown the turbine. c) AC lube pump shall be started up when turbine speed is decreasing to ensure normal oil pressure.

b)

d) e) f) g) h) i) j)

Steam resource changed from auxiliary steam header supply to adjacent unit supply。 Apply auxiliary steam as standby steam source of shaft gland. Adjust gland steam pressure, condensate water level and deaerator water level Attention shall be paid to the steam temperature, steam pressure and cylinder temperature during boiler operation. Overall inspection shall be carried out to the unit, e.g.: axial displacement, expansion difference, thrust bearing mental temperature, vibration and sound is normal. After causes being found out, ask shifting engineer for latch instruction to startup turbine to 3000r/min and synchronization. If OS protection is failed to act, ask relevant personnel for instruction of OS protection system,; failure cause shall be found out and eliminated before re-startup and generator synchronization.

11.12.6 If Generator runs back to zero without generation de-synchronization is caused by other reasons, unit shall be shutdown if it’s failed to recover in 3mins. Reverse power protection shall be acted when generator changed to motor, or unit shall be shutdown. 11.13 Plant power cut

11.13.1 6KV plant power cut 11.13.1.1 Phenomena a) b) c) d) Voltmeter shown zero at 6KV sections A&B. Working lighting is off, and emergency lighting is on. AC auxiliaries shut down suddenly; current decreases to zero, standby AC auxiliaries fail to run automatically. Temperature, steam pressure, vacuum decreases rapidly.

11.13.1.2 Causes a) b) Plant service equipment or power system failure; standby power supple fails to act automatically or tripping after application. Automatic application device of standby power failure.

11.13.1.3 Disposal a) b) Failure shutdown shall be carried out when the unit operation couldn’t be maintained. All the 6KV power manifold cuts off, failure shutdown shall be carried out.

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Check the automatic startup of turbine DC lube pump, DC lube pump of water feed pump turbine DC and DC seal oil pump of air side, if automatic startup is failed, manual startup shall be applied immediately; If DC lube pump of turbine couldn’t be startup, vacuum shall be destroyed immediately; if DC seal oil pump on the air side couldn’t be startup, hydrogen pressure shall be decreased to 014MPa to maintain the lowest differential pressure. Cut off the auxiliaries interlock switch, latch tripped switch. The valves which may be inducted with water or steam shall be closed manually. Unit is in good condition by overall inspection. Lube pressure, temperature, bearing mental temperature, oil return change shall be monitored carefully; idling time shall be reported in detail. If jacking oil pump fails to startup automatically when the turbine speed decreases to 180r/min, manual startup shall be applied. Apply continuous barring after turbine and generator shutdown Vacuum approaches zero, then startup vacuum destroying valve and shutdown gland steam. After plant service power recovers normally The recover procedure will adopt the emergency disposal principle of “Circulating water interrupted” After cooling water systems are recovered, startup water feed pump to fill according to the need of boiler.

d) e) f)

g) h) i) j) k) l)

m) Unit hot startup according to the instruction of shifting engineer. 11.13.2 380V PC or MCC power loss 11.13.2.1 Phenomena a) b) c) d) 380V section plant power supply cuts off. Power loss signals sent from 380V PC or MCC, voltage gauge of power loss manifold s point to zero. 380V auxiliary’s motors of power loss section are stopped, current gauges on CRT image point to zero. C&I instruments related to power loss are abnormal. Electric valves and governor valves failure.

11.13.2.2 Causes a) b) c) LV unit aux. transformer or plan power manifold failure. LV unit Aux. transformer trip due to cable failure. Misoperation or protection misact.

11.13.2.3 Disposal

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If the 380v part power is loss, but boiler isn’t flame-out, turbine operation shall be maintained as much as possible. Under RB operation mode, if unit is RB, load will be decreased 50% automatically and rapidly by CCS to control the operating parameter and maintain stable operation. Emergency shutdown shall be carried out if turbine operates abnormally and out of control. When all the 380V plant power supply cuts off, failure shutdown shall be carried out and the disposal method will be the same with the above procedures. Fire Accident

b) 11.14

11.14.1 Oil System Fire Disposal 11.14.1.1 Powder fire and foam extinguisher shall be applied to firefighting immediately when oil system is on fire; Shifting engineer shall be informed and firefighter shall be informed on site for firefighting rapidly. 11.14.1.2 Measures shall be taken to put out the fire before fire spread. 11.14.1.3 Remove all tinders around the fire area, cut off the power for equipment near the fire area. 11.14.1.4 Improve operation monitoring and prepare for unit shutdown. 11.14.1.5 To avoid fire spreading, wet anti-flaming material shall be placed around the equipment if necessary. Shifting engineer shall be asked for shutdown instruction when the fire threatens unit safety. 11.14.1.6 Unit emergency shutdown when fire threatens the main oil tank, and then open emergency oil drain valve after turbine turning speed decreases to zero. 11.14.2 Hydrogen system on Fire 11.14.2.1 Hydrogen leakage shall be hold back if hydrogen system is fire due to hydrogen leaking; CO2 will be applied to put out the fire; if the firing point is o the hydrogen pipe, hydrogen source shall be cutoff immediately to decrease hydrogen pressure; if hydrogen is on fire or explode in the generator, turbine shall be shut down immediately and CO2 shall be filled into generator to remove the hydrogen.; 10% rated running speed shall be maintained for generator during firefighting period. 11.14.3 Firefighting Notices: 11.14.3.1 When duster cloth or wood without coal oil, diesel oil, gas or other oils are on fire, foam extinguisher, water and sand shall be applied to firefighting. 11.14.3.2 When oil tank or vessel in the oil tank are on fire, oil shall be drained form emergency oil drain valve; foam extinguisher shall be applied to firefighting, wet cloth is also accepted. 11.14.3.3 When energized equipment is on fire, power shall be cut off first and then put out the fire. Sand and foam extinguisher is forbidden for the firefighting of fired motor. 11.14.3.4 Operating shall be stopped if motor smokes, shifting engineer of chief shifting engineer shall be informed. 11.15 Auxiliaries Failure

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11.15.1 Deaerator failure 11.15.1.1 Deaerator pressure increasing a) Phenomenon 1) Deaerator pressure gauge shown pressure increasing; 2) Deaerator alarm warning for high pressure; 3) Deaerator relief valve failure. b) Causes 1) Deaerator pressure gauge failure. 2) Water drain governor valve of HP heater #3 over-opening due to valve failure; 3) Unit overload operation; 4) Deaerator oxygen exhaust valve closes due to misoperation; 5) Too much steam intake quantity of continuous sewage valve; 6) Improper usage of standby power source c) Disposal 1) Check the deaerator gauge to confirm whether the deaerator pressure is increase; 2) If automatic water level governor valve is close due to valve failure, manual adjustment shall be shifted to, or water level adjusted by bypass valve to recover the water supply and deaerator water level; 3) Restrict the unit load and control load increasing rate; 4) Contact boiler group to adjust the continuous blow down; 5) Open oxygen discharge valve; 6) If water drain governor valve of HP heater #3 fails to act automatically, manual adjust shall be shifted to adjust the water flux and control the water level of HP heater #3; 7) Check whether the governor valve action between auxiliary steam to deaerator is normal or opened due to disoperation, then valve shall be closed if necessary; 8) Attention shall be paid to the relief valve when deaerator pressure is increase. Close the isolation valve between auxiliary steam, the 4th stage exhaust to deaerator, shift HP heater #3 water drains to condenser to avoid deaerator serious overload which results in threat to personal and equipment safety. 11.15.1.1.1 Deaerator pressure decrease a) Phenomena 1) Deaerator pressure gauge indication is decreasing; 2) Deaerator may vibrates; 3) Temperature of deaerator water tank is decreasing; b) Disposal

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1) Check the local gauge when the deaerator pressure decrease to confirm whether the unit load is decrease; 2) If water intake quantity of deaerator increases in a sudden, check whether the water level and water intake flux of deaerator are normal, if not, the water level governor valve shall be shifted to “Manual” mode to control the water level of deaerator. 3) If relief valve jumped due to misoperation and couldn’t be recover normally, shifting engineer shall be informed to decrease deaerator pressure properly for relief valve recovery, and then overhaul group shall be notified to repair; 4) When deaerator pressure decreases to 0.015MPa, check whether the governor valve action of auxiliary steam to deaerator is normal, or manual mode shall be applied; 5) Deaerator steam supply pipes crack: isolate the steam inlet pipe of deaerator; decrease deaerator pressure; report to shifting engineer and chief shifting engineer; failure shutdown shall be applied if the unit couldn’t operate normally; notify overhaul group to exam and repair; 6) Monitor shall be enhanced to the booster pump to avoid cavitation as much as possible when deaerator pressure is decreasing; 7) When deaerator pressure is decreasing, check whether the overflow valve of deaerator is open, if water level is normally, deaerator pressure decrease is caused by overflow valve misoperation, then overflow valve can be closed manually; if water level is high, then overflow valve of deaerator is forbidden to be closed. 11.15.1.2 Deaerator water level increase a) Phenomena 1) Water level indication of deaerator increase; 2) High deaerator water level alarming; 3) Deaeraor overflow valve startup; b) Disposal 1) Check the local gauge when the deaerator water level increases to confirm whether the deaerator water level is decrease; 2) Check whether governor valve action of deaerator water level is normal, if not, valve shall be shifted to “Manual” mode; misoperated bypass valve shall be closed in time if it’s open by misoperation; 3) For fake water level caused by deaerator pressure sudden decrease, disposal is carried out as per “Pressure decrease”; 4) Take measures to decrease the deaerator water level to normal valve when the water level increases to High I value; 5) When deaerator water level increases to High II value, overflow valve open automatically, water level governor valve closes automatically, or manual operation shall be applied.

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6) Action of condensate recirculating valve and water level of hot well shall be normal; water drain valve of deaerator to termly blow down shall be opened if necessary. 7) When the water level increases to High III value, check steam inlet valve of the 4th stage exhaust to deaerator, the 4th stage exhaust check valve, deaerator water governor valve and bypass valve; water drainage of HP heater 3# to deaerator closes automatically, relevant water drain valves close automatically, or manual operation will be applied; 8) The unit still fails to operate normally, then ask shift engineer for shutdown instruction. 11.15.1.3 Deaerator water level decrease: a) Phenomena 1) Deaerator water level indication decrease; 2) Deaerator “Low water level” alarm warning b) Disposal 1) Check the local gauge when the deaerator water level decreases to confirm whether the water level is decrease; if so, causes shall be found out and disposal shall be taken. 2) If water level governor valve is failed to act automatically, “Manual” mode shall be applied; standby valve maybe open to enlarge the water flux to recover the water level of deaerator if necessary; 3) Condensate pump is failure: startup standby pump, shutdown and isolate failure pump; notify overhaul to exam and repair; 4) If deaerator water level decrease rapidly, check whether the inlet/outlet valve and bypass valve switch of LP heater, gland steam condenser, condensate polishing set at ON position, if not, switch on in time; if condensate system is leaking, leakage section shall be isolated and load shall be decreased in time; if condensate system couldn’t be isolated, operator shall report shifting engineer and prepare for unit shutdown. 5) Water feeding system leakage and couldn’t be isolated or boiler heating surface serious leakage: loading –down emergency boiler shutdown shall be applied, water shall be supplied to deaerator by two condensers, condensate transferpump shall be applied for condenser water supplement to maintain normal water level; 6) Check whether water drain valve of HP heater #5 water outlet pipe or governor valve of condensate recirculating are opened due to misoperation, if so, manual closing shall be applied; 7) Check whether the water drain valves of deaerator bottom and water feed system are closed tightly, if not, then valve shall be closed in time; 8) When deaerator water level decreases to Low II value, check whether water feed pump or booster pump are tripped, if not, then manual emergency shutdown shall be carried out to the pumps and then complete other shutdown procedures. 11.15.2 Heater Failure

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11.15.2.1 Conditions of heater emergency shutdown Steam water pipe and valves of heater explode and threaten personal and equipment safety; Heater water level keep increasing, and is failed to recover; Both heater water gauge and CRT failure results in water level can’t be monitored; Water level protection of heater fails to act when the water level is up to the protection value of LP heater “High II” and HP “High III”.

11.15.2.2 Operation procedure of emergency shutdown a) Press “HP heater De-synchronization” for HP heater emergency shutdown; Close relevant steam inlet electric and check valve of relevant LP heater for LP heater emergency shutdown, if water isolation is necessary, open LP heater bypass valve firstly, and then close LP heater inlet/outlet valve. Check heater steam, water system is isolated; water side shall shifts to bypass, or manual shifting shall be applied to change the water side to bypass. Attention shall be paid to the change of water side water flux to avoid water interrupting;

11.15.2.3 When HP heater emergency shutdown, boiler load, main and reheat steam temperature shall be adjusted to normal value and shifting engineer shall be informed. 11.15.2.4 Heater water level increase a) Phenomena 1) Heater water level indication increase; 2) Heater “high water level” alarm warning; 3) Heater outlet water temperature decrease; 4) Temperature of Heater drainage decrease. b) Disposal 1) Check the local gauge when the water level of heater increases to confirm whether the water level is increase; if so, causes shall be found out and disposal shall be taken; 2) If water drain governor valve is failed to act automatically, “Manual” mode shall be applied to increase the valve opening; 3) When the water level of heater increases to LP heater” High I” and HP heater “High II”, emergency drain valve open automatically, or manual shall be applied; 4) When the water level of heater increases to LP heater” High II” and HP heater “High III”, heater protection acts automatically, or manual emergency shutdown shall be applied; boiler group and shifting engineer shall be notified. 11.15.3 Seal Oil System Failure 11.15.3.1 Seal oil pressure decreasing a) Phenomena

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1) Seal oil indication on air or hydrogen side decrease or alarming; 2) Oil or hydrogen differential pressure indication decrease or alarming; 3) Seal oil differential pressure between hydrogen and air side is increasing. b) Causes 1) Seal bush space is too large; 2) Seal oil filter screen or pipes is blockage; 3) Low oil level in oil tank or low pressure of seal oil pump inlet.; 4) Seal oil supply pipeline leakage; 5) Exceeding recirculating valve opening of seal oil pump outlet on the hydrogen side is too large 6) Seal oil differential pressure valve or balance valve failure. 7) Seal oil pump failure, and standby system fails to startup by interlock. c) Disposal 1) Causes of seal oil pressure decrease shall be checked up and treated to recover normal system running as soon as possible. 2) When the oil-hydrogen differential pressure of air side seal oil decreases to 0.056MPa, HP oil from turbine main oil pump shall be opened by standby differential pressure governor valve of seal oil automatically to maintain the oil hydrogen differential pressure at 0.056MPa. If standby differential pressure governor valve is failure to operate, standby oil source bypass valve shall be opened and maintain the oil-hydrogen differential pressure at 0.056MPa; If the pressure of standby oil is too low, HP standby seal oil pump shall be applied immediately; 3) When the oil and hydrogen differential pressure on air side is decreasing to 0.035MPa, alarm is warning, DC seal oil pump startups automatically, if not, manual startup shall be applied; shifting engineer shall be informed; 4) Seal oil pressure keeps decreasing after the above procedures, then decrease hydrogen pressure in generator to 0.014MPa, decrease stator cooling water pressure and relative unit load or even shutdown; 5) If seal oil pump at hydrogen is fail, it shall be isolated and repaired a.s.a.p; during the seal oil pump shutdown period, the hydrogen purity can be decreased to 90% and hydrogen supplement times shall be increased to guarantee the hydrogen pressure in generator; attention shall be paid to the oil level of hydrogen side seal water tank and return tank smoke fan operation of oil side; 6) After AC oil pump on hydrogen side trips, DC oil pump on the hydrogen side shall be applied normally by interlock; 11.15.3.2 Oil level of seal oil tank on hydrogen side increase a) Phenomena 1) Oil level of seal oil tank on hydrogen side increase;

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2) Firefighting foam tank “High Oil Level” alarm warning.

1) If oil discharge valve operates abnormally; the valve shall be opened by turbine the switch on the bottom of oil discharge valve to maintain normal oil level; 2) Hydrogen pressure drops in generator shall be disposed according to the procedure of hydrogen pressure decrease to maintain a normal hydrogen pressure in generator; 3) When oil level indicator show that oil is full in the seal oil tank on hydrogen side, and firefighting foam oil tank alarms “High oil level”, shifting engineer shall be asked for instruction of stop seal oil pump on hydrogen; if the above procedure doesn’t work, shutdown procedure shall be applied; 4) Generator oil entering shall be disposed according to relevant electrical operation regulation. 11.15.3.3 Oil level of seal oil tank on hydrogen side decrease a) Phenomena 1) Oil gauge indication of seal oil on hydrogen side decrease; 2) Low oil level of hydrogen side seal oil alarm warning; b) Disposal 1) Oil level of seal oil tank on the hydrogen side: check the action of oil supplement valve, turn the switch on the bottom of oil supplement valve to supplement oil until normal oil level if necessary; 2) If oil discharge valve jam fault or open due to misoperation, switch on the top of oil discharge valve shall be turned to close the valve to control normal oil level in the oil tank. 11.15.4 Failure Disposal of Water Feed Pump System: 11.15.4.1 Failure shutdown of water feed pump a) Emergency shutdown condition: 1) Electric motor, water feed pump or hydraulic coupling vibrates with mental grating and serious axial leaping; 2) Any bearing smokes or bush temperature increases to 75℃ or above. 3) Water feed pump is boil off, water feed pump outlet pressure and current is unstable, pump operates with noise; 4) Motor is in two-phase operation, serious heating; current drops to zero or exceeds rated value, turning speed decrease with sounds lowering; 5) Oil system of water feed pump is on fire and couldn’t put out which is serious threaten safety operation; 6) Coupling smokes and on fire; or coupling oil return temperature is up to 130℃;

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7) Lube pressure drops to 0.05MPa or bellow and still doesn’t work after startup auxiliary oil pump; 8) Axial displacement increases, current increases, pressure after thrust panel increases; 9) Differential pressure of seal water is less than 0.035Mpa. 10) System leakage and couldn’t be isolated which threaten safety operation. b) Pump emergency shutdown operation: 1) Press emergency shutdown button (or shutdown on DCS); 2) Check whether standby pump startups by interlock, if not, manual startup shall be applied; Boiler group adjust turning speed to the required position; 3) Oil pump of failure pump shall startup automatically, if not, manual startup shall be applied; 4) Cutoff interlock protection; water outlet of failure pump closes by interlock, or manual closure shall be applied; 5) Complete other procedure for normal pump shutdown. c) Condition of pump failure shutdown 1) Balance pipe pressure exceeding, axial displacement and motor current increase obviously; 2) Any bearing temperature increases, oil temperature is up to 75℃ and couldn’t be recovered after disposal; 3) Oil system leaks seriously and couldn’t be eliminated, oil level of oil tank couldn’t be maintained; 4) Water accumulates in motor air duct and can not be removed in a short time; 5) Motor current is exceeding 10% of rated value and couldn’t be decreased; 6) end cover and flange of water pump is serious leaking. d) Procedure of pump failure shutdown 1) Startup standby water feed pump to maintain the pressure; 2) Cutoff interlock protection, open recirculating of failure pump, close water outlet valve, startup auxiliary oil pump and close failure pump; 3) Complete other operation of normal pump shutdown procedure. 11.15.4.2 Working oil exhaust of hydraulic coupling overheating. a) b) c) Check whether there are any abnormity of working oil cooler, find out the causes and take measures to eliminate it as soon as possible; Adjust the turning speed properly to avoid the low effective range as much as possible; When the working oil temperature exceeds 105℃ and couldn’t be recovered, standby pump shall be started up and failure pump shall be stopped immediately.

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11.15.4.3 Water feed pump oil system failure: Check whether the lube oil pump operation is normal; Check whether the lube oil pipeline is crack, oil cooler is leaking; Check whether the overpressure is disoperation; Check whether the filter screen is clean, or whether it’s blocked by sewage; Check whether oil level is decreasing; Check whether the outlet check valve of auxiliary oil pump is leaking.

11.15.4.4 Water feed manifold pressure decreasing a) b) c) d) e) f) Check whether the unit load is decreasing; Check whether the operating pump is normal, hydraulic coupling is failed, scoop jams fault or not and speed governor is failed; Whether the HP heater water feed pipe is leaking; whether recirculating is closed or leaking; Whether deaerator water level and pressure are normal; Whether the boiler adjustment range is too much; Problems shall be solved in time, if pressure of water feed manifold decreases to 15.7Mpa or below, standby water feed pump shall be startup by interlock (when low water position applied), or manual startup shall be applied rapidly; e.g. water feed manifold crack, if the pressure still couldn’t be maintained after measures taken, then operator shall ask shifting engineer for shutdown instruction.

11.15.4.5 Automatic Governor Failure at Scoop Pipe Position a) Failure phenomena and causes: 1) Scoop pipe jam fault and the cam breaks off, turning speed couldn’t be adjusted; 2) Connecting rod of operating gear breaks off; 3) Automatic governor failure, scoop gauge swing; b) Disposal: 1) Release the automatic governor of scoop, apply manual adjust to maintain normal water pressure; 2) startup standby pump and shutdown failure pump if necessary; 11.15.4.6 Low sealing water pressure a) b) c) d) e) Shifting operator shall be reported if seal water pressure is low; Check whether the seal water pressure is low; Check whether the filter screen is blocked by sundries; Check whether seal water system is serious leaking; Check whether the automatic governor of seal water pressure difference is failed;

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f) g) Disposal:

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Check whether condensate pressure is decreasing.

1) When seal water pressure decreases to 0.5Mpa and seal water differential pressure decreases to 0.035MPa, causes shall be checked up and eliminated, the seal water supply can be shift to adjacent unit standby seal water supply if necessary; 2) When the seal water pressure decreases to 0.05Mpa, operating pump stop and standby pump startup after 10s delay, or manual startup standby pump. 11.15.4.7 Balance panel failure a) Phenomena: 1) Pressure of balance panel is 0.2Mpa or more higher than that of water feed pump inlet; 2) Current increases and unstable, or exceeds the limit; 3) Axial displacement increases obviously; 4) Metal grating in pump and white steam, smoke or fire appear on the shaft gland. b) Disposal: 1) If the phenomena listed above item 1 an 2 were found, standby water feed pump shall be started up and failure pump shall be stopped immediately; 2) If 3 items listed above were found, emergency shutdown shall be applied to the pump, standby pump operates automatically; shifting engineer shall be informed. 11.15.4.8 Over temperature of stator winding of water feed pump motor. a) Temperature of motor stator winding increases 2-3℃: Check temperature of inlet/outlet air temperature; adjust water inlet/outlet valves of air cooler to decrease temperature of inlet/outlet temperature. b) c) d) Disposal for motor stator winding exceeds 115℃: Open standby water feed pump to maintain water pressure; Startup the auxiliary oil pump of failure water feed pump and stop failure pump.

11.15.4.9 Water feed pump tripping during operation: a) Phenomena: 1) Current is zero, emergency horn is warning, pump turning speed is decreasing serious, water pressure is decreasing serious; 2) Standby pump apply automatically; b) Disposal: 1) Standby water feed pump shall startup automatically and immediately, or manual startup shall be applied; if manual switch in doesn’t work, switch in can be applied once. Reswitch in is accepted if standby pump is not available or couldn’t startup rapidly, and no obvious phenomena is shown in the failure pump, if switch in is failed, and then ask shifting engineer for instruction of boiler and turbine shutdown;

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2) When the oil pressure of failure water feed pump decrease to 0.09Mpa, auxiliary oil pump shall be applied automatically, or manual startup will be applied; 3) After standby water pump applied automatically, latch the control switch of two water pump, release interlock switch of failure pump, check the operation of interact pump and motor, ensure the interlock switch sets at INPUT position. 4) After interact pump operates normally, shutdown the auxiliary oil pump, pay attention to the lube pressure. 5) Report the relevant operation to shifting engineer and chief shifting engineer and then find out the failure causes. 11.15.5 Disposal Rules for General Pumps and Motors Failure 11.15.5.1 Emergency shutdown conditions a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Serious threaten personal safety; Pump unit vibrates seriously, or has clear metal grating; Shell cracking; Any bearing smokes or temperature increases serious and exceed permit value; Motor is smoking and firing; Motor stator winding temperature increases serious and exceed permit value; Motor is buzz without action after startup; Current fails to return within the normal time period after startup.

11.15.5.2 Operation of pump emergency shutdown a) b) c) d) e) Pressure emergency button of failure pump or shutdown failure pump immediately; Standby pump shall startup automatically, or manual startup will be applied; No inversion operation on failure pump, or outlet valve of failure pump shall be closed; Complete normal shifting operation, isolate the failure pump; failure pump and outlet valve power off, and then inform overhaul group for examination and repair; Report the failure, and record the failure disposal and prepare prevention measures.

11.15.5.3 Failure pump shutdown condition a) b) c) d) Sound of motor is abnormity, current exceeds the rated value; Motor vibration exceeds the limitation. Bearing temperature increases gradually and exceeds the limitation. If any phenomena threaten motor safety operation such as water logging or fire burning.

11.15.5.4 Operation of failure pump shutdown. a) b) release interlock ,startup standby pump and pump operates normally; Shutdown failure pump, ensure failure pump inversion after shutdown; failure causes analysis and record;

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c)

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

Isolate the failure pump and relevant equipment power off, and then notify overhaul group for examination and repair.

11.15.5.5 Phenomena, Causes and Eliminated Measures of Pumps Failure a) General phenomena of pump failure 1) Fail to pump water; 2) Insufficiency flux and lift; 3) power consumption exceed; 4) Serious vibration and noise; 5) Serious leakage in washer; 6) Washer heating 7) Pump bearing heating or rotor action failure. 8) Bearing heating and broken. 9) Failure Causes and Elimination Method Factors of Pump Failure Air remains in pump or suction pipe. Suction lift is too high or insufficient liquid level. Suction pipe is narrow or block. Turning speed abnormality Suction pipe immerging Insufficient or leaking Nonconformity device or pump lift. Medium absolute density is not complied with the need of pump. Vibration at low flux area Axis of pump and motor is nonconformity or bearing is bended. Friction between rotation part and fixed part. Bearing serious wearing or broken Seal ring serious wearing. Shaft gland filling or activity ring Method of Elimination Liquid refilling to remove the air. Lower pump elevation, increase inlet pressure Enlarge inlet pipe or clean sewage Check and adjust the turning speed of prime mover. Increase the immerging depth of suction pipe or repair the leaking area. Take measures to decrease resistance or height of pump output system Recalculate and replace pump or prime mover with proper power. Increase flux or diameter of recirculating pump Readjusting and alignment Examination and repair, or improve operating condition Replace Replace Replace

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serious wearing. Improper selection or installation of shaft gland filling or mechanical sealing Vibration caused by rotation part unbalance. Over-much oil in oil chamber and bad oil quality. Pipes or pump blocked by sundries Improper seal liquid pressure at end surfaces Gland of filling material too tightness or loosening Bearing crack 11.15.5.6 Vacuum pump group failure a) Causes of vacuum pump vibration 1) Pump group foundation vibration; 2) Motor vibration; 3) Pump vibration; 4) Rotor unbalance; 5) Shaft cracking or bending; 6) Blade and distributor grating 7) Water induction; 8) cavitation; 9) Water circulation overabundance or insufficiency; 10) Bearing broken, rusty, lubricating grease overabundance or insufficiency. b) Vacuum pump performance getting worse 1) Vacuum decreasing; 2) Insufficient exhaust; 3) Bearing power increase. 4) Water ring noise increase. 11.15.6 Circulating water system failure 11.15.6.1 Circulating water volume decreasing. a) Causes Select and reinstall as per requirement. Check the failure causes and take measures to eliminate it. Oil filling or replacing as per oil level indicator Inspection and remove the sundries. Adjust pressure of seal liquid Adjust gland of filling material properly. repair or replace

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1) Circulating water inlet valve of condenser isn’t open fully, outlet water valve is decreased by misoperation; 2) Outlet siphon of condenser is destroyed. 3) Outlet butterfly of circulating water pump isn’t open fully; 4) Rotary filter screen differential pressure of circulating water pump inlet; 5) Sewage resistance fence of circulating water pump is blocked, differential pressure is too high; 6) Water inlet valve of circulating water pump isn’t lifted to the right position; 7) Outlet butterfly of standby circulating water pump is opened during shutdown period by misoperation. b) Disposal 1) To open Inlet/outlet valve of condenser circulating water fully; 2) Siphon rebuilding for circulating water; 3) Check the positioning of outlet butterfly valve, if it’s normal, then control oil pressure of butterfly valve shall be checked; 4) Startup flush water pump to flush the rotary filter screen; 5) Startup raker to remove the sewage; 6) Contact overhaul group for examination and repair; 7) The outlet butterfly valve which is opened by misoperation shall be closed immediately; 8) Opened water system operation and outlet temperature of cooler shall be concerted during circulating water system failure period. 11.15.6.2 Disposal of Circulating Water Interruption a) b) If the standby circulating water pump fails to act due to circulating water pump tripping, then standby circulating water pump shall be startup rapidly; Generally, water supply for condenser circulating shall be recovered only after the temperature of turbine LP cylinder steam exhaust lower than 50℃.

11.15.6.3 Emergency Shutdown of Circulating Water Pump a) Circulating water pump must shutdown if: 1) Pump unit vibrates seriously, or has clear metal grating; 2) Motor is smoking and firing; 3) Temperature of bearing or motor stator winding increases suddenly and exceeds permit value or smokes; 4) Pump or motor failure threaten the personal safety or equipment serious broken. b) Emergency shutdown

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1) Press emergency button or OFF operating switch on the failure pump immediately, and then to check the butterfly valve to ensure its closed. 2) Standby pump shall be startup by interlock, manual startup will be applied if standby is fails to startup by interlock. Attention shall be paid to failure pump inversion operating. The connection valve between circulating water in two units shall be closed to avoid impact on the operating unit. 3) Check the cause, report to sifting engineer and inform overhaul group for examination and repair.

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Appendix A Recommendation Value for Speed Maintenance (Normative Appendix)

3000转/分

2900 进汽 阀切换转速

Chinese

0

English

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在此转速下检查监测仪表

中速暖机的转速范围

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中速暖机的转速范围 进气阀切换转速 3000 转/分

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Instrument checking under this turning speed

在此转速下检查检测仪表

Speed shifted by air inlet valve 3000r/min

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Appendix B Parameter for Front Main Stop Valve Startup (Normative Appendix)

500

温度 ℃
400 300 200

2

4

6

8

10 12

14

16 18

20

22 24

主汽阀进汽压力
Chinese English

MPa

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主汽阀进汽压力 Mpa

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
Inlet steam pressure of main stop valve

在阀切换时, 蒸汽室壁的最低温度(饱和温度) The lowest temperature of steam room wall when valve shifting (saturation temperature) 启动时主蒸汽温度(有 56℃过热度) 在阀切换转速下主汽阀进口最低温度 冷态启动 Main steam temperature when startup (56℃ overheat) Min. temperature of main stop valve inlet when shifting speed by valve. Cold start

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Appendix C Parameter Requirement of Reheat Steam (Normative Appendix)

再热汽门前启动蒸汽参数

启动时最小再热温度(56℃过热度)

Chinese 再热汽门前 启动蒸汽参数

启动时最大再热温度(冷态启动)

English Startup steam parameter before reheat stope valve

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再热蒸汽压力MPa(a)

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Max. reheat temperature when startup (cold start) Max. reheat temperature when startup (56℃ overheat) Reheat steam temperature℃ Reheat steam pressure Mpa(a) Startup steam parameter before reheat steam valve

启动时最大再热温度(冷态启动) 启动时最大再热温度(有 56℃过热度) 再热蒸汽温度℃ 再热蒸汽压力 Mpa(a) 再热汽门前启动蒸汽参数

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Appendix D Guide of No-load and Low Load Operation (Normative Appendix)

550

525

500

475

450

425

汽机进口处再热蒸汽温 度(℃)

400

375

350

325

300

275

250

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

低压缸排汽压力(kPa)

Chinese 汽机进口处再热蒸汽温度 低压缸排汽压力(Mpa)

English Reheat steam temperature at turbine inlet LP cylinder exhaust pressure(Mpa)

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Appendix E Recommendation Value of Hot Start (Normative Appendix)

250

200

150

120

100

50

0

冲转时间 分

20

40

0

对于金属温度低于121℃ 的冲转利用"冷态启动 程序"

5

10

15

并网后的最低负荷%

80

100

60

20

25

节流调节 喷嘴调节

5%负荷

第一级蒸汽温度 ℃ 200 150 100 50 0
24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 2800 过热度低于56℃ 6 3600 3400 3200 4

5%最低负荷的暖机时间 分 100 80 60 40 20

0

250

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3000

主蒸汽压力 MPa

Page 162

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Chinese 冲转时间 分 并网后的最低负荷%

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

English Runing time (min) Min. Load % after Synchronisation Cold start procedure will be applied to the running which the mental temperature is lower than121℃ The 1st stage initial mental temperature Temperature difference of the 1st stage steam and mental Throttle adjustment Nozzle adjustment Load 5% Steam temperature of the 1st stage Hot start curve Warning up time under 5% lowest load The 1st stage steam temperature increase of turbine warning time Overheat lower then 56℃ Main steam pressure Mpa Enthalpy kj/kg

对于金属温度低于 121℃的冲转利用“冷态启动 程序” 初始第一级金属温度 第一级蒸汽和金属温度的温差 节流调节 喷嘴调节 5%负荷 第一级蒸汽温度℃ 热态启动曲线 5%最低负荷的暖机时间 暖机期间第一级蒸汽温升 过热度低于 56℃ 主蒸汽压力 Mpa 焓 kj/kg

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Appendix F Recommendation of Load Change (Fixed Pressure) (Normative Appendix)

120 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 60 40 80 20

最高温度

0

0

20

改变负荷(主蒸汽参数)时间:分
80 100

40

60

80

100

4

400

390

380

490

480

470

510

500

460

450

440

430

420

410

370

0

20

40

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5%负荷

负荷%
Rev.: A

6

5

Page 164

60

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Chinese

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
English Load changing time (for main steam parameter): min. Circulating index: 1000 times Temperature change of the 1st stage steam Max. temperature Pressure change of Valves wide open capability(VWO) Valve sequence Valve 1 Throttle value scope of 1+2 valve Load%

改变负荷(主蒸汽参数)时间:分 循环指数:1000 次 第一级蒸汽温度变化 最高温度 阀门全开压力变化 阀门顺序 1阀 1+2 阀 节流阀 值区 负荷%

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Appendix F Recommendation of Load Change (Sliding Pressure) (Normative Appendix)

120 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 60 40 80 20

最高温度

0

0

20

改变负荷(主蒸汽参数)时间:分
80 100

40

60

80

100

4

400

390

380

490

480

470

510

500

460

450

440

430

420

410

370

0

20

40

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5%负荷

负荷%
Rev.: A

6

5

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60

SEC 
Chinese

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

English Load changing time (for main steam parameter): min. Circulating index: 1000 times Temperature change of the 1st stage steam Max.temperature Pressure change of Valves wide open capability(VWO) Valve sequence Valve 1 Throttle value scope of 1+2 valve Load %

改变负荷(主蒸汽参数)时间:分 循环指数:1000 次 第一级蒸汽温度变化 最高温度 阀门全开压力变化 阀门顺序 1阀 1+2 阀节流阀值区 负荷%

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Appendix H Cooling Time High Pressure Cylinder (Normative Appendix)

50 500 400 600 300 200

60

70

80

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100

0

10

20

30

脱扣后时间 小时h

40

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Chinese 脱扣后时间 小时 h 第一级金属温度℃

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 

English Time after tripping (hour) Temperature ℃ of the 1st stage mental

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Appendix I Curve of Oland Seal Temperature Differen::e and Sta'bclr Life (Reference Appendix)

100 90 80 60 50

\

I

\

\

\
1\

101
It" ':!!!

30

\

:t2
Ill ill
lL

20

\

\

\
10 9 8 7 5 4 3

-I'll

\

\.

"-

""'
""'
1 1

55

83

111

139

167

195

223

Date2008-09-15

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Page170

SEC 
Chinese

QUANG NINH THERMAL POWER JOINT STOCK COMPANY 2×300 MW  TURBINE & AUXILIARIES OPERATION MANUAL 
English Temperature difference of Steam seal steam and rotor surface℃ Estimated circulating times of crack forming under temperature difference

汽封蒸汽与转子表面温差℃ 在温差下产生裂纹的估算循环次数

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Appendix J Circulating Index (Normative Appendix)

减负荷循环指数(X1000)
12 11 10 9 8 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12

15

减负荷循环指数(X1000)

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chinese 减负荷循环指数(X1000)

English Decreasing load circulation index(X1000)

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