# Chapter 11.

Rotation of Rigid Bodies

Physics, 6th Edition

Chapter 11. Rotation of Rigid Bodies
Uniform Angular Acceleration
11-1. A cable is wrapped around a drum 80 cm in diameter. How many revolutions of this drum will cause an object attached to the cable to move a linear distance of 2 m? What is the angular displacement? [ R = 0.04 m, s = 2 m, θ = ? ] R

θ=

s 2m = = 5 rad R 0.400 m

 1 rev  θ = (5 rad)  ;  2π rad 

θ = 0.796 rev

s

11-2. A bicycle wheel is 26 in. in diameter. If the wheel makes 60 revolutions, what linear distance will it travel? [ D = 26 in.; R = 13 in. = 1.083 ft ]  2π rad  θ = 60 rev   = 377 rad ;  1 rev  s = θR = (377 rad)(1.083 ft); s = 408 ft

11-3. A point on the edge of a large wheel of radius 3 m moves through an angle of 370. Find the length of the arc described by the point.  2π rad  θ = 370  = 0.646 rad ; s = θR = (0.646 rad)(3 m); s = 1.94 m 0   360 

11-4. A person sitting on the edge of a 6-ft diameter platform moves a linear distance of 2 ft. Express the angular displacement in radians, degrees, and revolutions. [R = 3 ft ]

θ=

s 2 ft = ; R 3 ft

 1 rev  θ = (0.667 rad)   ; θ = 0.106 rad ;  2π rad  θ = 38.20

 3600  θ = (0.667 rad)  ;  2π rad 

140

Chapter 11. Rotation of Rigid Bodies

Physics, 6th Edition

11-5. An electric motor turns at 600 rpm. What is the angular velocity? What is the angular displacement after 6 s? f = 600 rev  2π rad  1 min    ; min  1 rev  60 s  ω = 62.8 rad/s

θ = ωt = (62.8 rad/s)(6 s) ;

11-6. A rotating pulley completes 12 rev in 4 s. Determine the average angular velocity in rev/s, rpm, and in rad/s? f = 12 rev ; 4s f = 3.00 rev/s ; f = 3.00 rev  1 rev  60 s     ; f = 28.6 rpm s  2π rad  1 min 

ω = 2π f = 3.00

rev  2π rad   ; s  1 rev 

11-7. A bucket is hung from a rope which is wrapped many times around a circular drum of R radius 60 cm. The bucket starts from rest and is lifted to a height of 20 m in 5 s. (a) How many revolutions were made by the drum. (b) What was the average angular speed of the rotating drum? t=5s 20 m

θ=

s 20 m = = 33.3 rad R 0.600 m v= s 20 m = ; t 5s

 1 rev  θ = (33.3 rad)  ;  2π rad 

θ = 5.31 rev

v = 4.00 m/s

ω=

v 4 m/s = ; R 0.6 m

11-8. A wheel of radius 15.0 cm starts from rest and makes 2.00 rev in 3.00 s. (a) What is its average angular velocity in rad/s? (b) What is the final linear velocity of a point on the

rim of the wheel?

ω=

θ 2 rev(2π rad/rev) = ; ω = 4.19 rad/s t 3s
141

9 J Ek = ½ I ω 2 = ½(0.94 rad/s) 2 .94 rad/s. I D = ½mR 2 . *11-24. Rw = 0. The wheel can be thought of as a circular hoop of mass 2 kg.360 kg m 2 )(20. Ls = 0. Ek = 78.3) 2 . suppose we set m = 1 kg and R = 1 m 2 We see that: I H = 1 kg m . I S = 0. 2 The rotational inertias are: I H = mR . IT = (2 kg)(0. and each of 12 wooden 500-g spokes can be thought of as thin rods rotating about their ends. I = 0. Newton’s Second Law and Rotation 146 . IT = mw R 2 + 12( 13 mL2 ). A wagon wheel 60 cm in diameter is mounted on a central axle where it spins at 200 rpm. I S = 2 5 mR 2 : For purposes of comparing. Compare the rotational kinetic energies of three objects of equal radius and mass: A circular hoop.3 m) 2 + 4(0.Chapter 11.30 m.5 kg m 2 . and a solid sphere. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.5 kg)(0. the hoop has the largest kinetic energy. I D = 0. 6th Edition *11-23. a circular disk. so at a given rotational speed. and then by the sphere. followed by the disk.5 kg. Calculate the moment of inertia for the entire wheel? What is the rotational kinetic energy? IT = I w + 12 I s mw = 2 kg.4 kg m 2 Now Ek = ½Iω2. ms = 0.360 kg m2 ω = 200 rpm = 20.30 m.

If the rope is pulled with a force of 60 N.450 kg m2. Work = ½Iωf2 – (0). I = ½mR2. Use the work-energy theorem to calculate the final angular velocity of the disk in Problem 11-33 if it starts from rest. what is the angular acceleration of the cylinder? What is the linear acceleration of the rope? I = ½mR2 = ½(10 kg)(0. Assuming the wheel was initially at rest.10 m)(50 rad).10 m ] Work = F s = (40 N)(5 m) . Work = ½(½mR2) ωf2 ωf = 4(200 J) 4(200 J) = . Work = ½Iωf2 – (0). A 1. ωf = 98. A cord is wrapped around the rim of a cylinder that has a mass of 10 kg and a radius of 30 cm. *11-34. What is the linear work done by the 40-N force? What is the rotational work done on the disk? [ R = 20/2) = 10 cm or 0. 6th Edition Rotational Work. and Power 11-33.2 kW motor acts for 8 s on a wheel having a moment of inertia of 2 kg m2.Chapter 11. τ = (60 N)(0. 2 mR (3 kg)(0.10 m) 2 ωf = 163 rad/s *11-35. what average angular speed was developed? P= Work . Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. t Work = Pt = (1200 W)(8 s) = 9600 J 9600 J = ½(2 kg m2) ωf2 . Energy.30 m)2 = 0.3 m) = 18 N m 149 .0 rad/s *11-36. A rope wrapped around a 3-kg disk 20 cm in diameter is pulled for a linear distance of 5 m with a force of 40 N.10 m Work = 200 J Work = τθ = FRθ = (40 N)(0. Work = 200 J θ= s 5m = = 50 rad R 0.

00 kg m/s2 τ ∆t = Ιωf = 8.48 kg m2)(400 rpm) + (0.48 kg m 2 + 0.48 kg m 2 )(41. ωc = 378 rpm *11-44. 4 kg m 2 ωf = 2. I A + I B 0. What is the combined angular velocity after the disks are meshed? (0. IB = ½(3 kg)(0. What is the common angular speed as they mesh? Choose clockwise as positive and use rpm’s for angular speed. ωBo = 0. Assume the same conditions as Problem 11-42 except that the disk B is rotating counterclockwise and A is rotating clockwise.060 kg m 2 *11-43.48 kg m2)(400 rpm) + (0. The radius of disk A is 0.) ΙΑωAo + IBωBo = (IA + IB) ωc ωc = 37.060 kg m 2 )ωc 204 kg m2 rpm = 0.060 kg m 2 )ωc 151 .2 m.00 kg m/s 2 Physics. Rotation of Rigid Bodies τ ∆t = (400 N m)(0.9 rad/s.54ωc. (Cont.48 kg m 2 + 0.02 s) = 8. In Fig.4 m)2 = 0. Assume that disk B in Problem 11-42 is initially rotating clockwise at 200 rpm in the same direction as disk A.06 kg m2)(200 rpm) = ( 0. ωAf = ωBf = ωc.480 kg m2. 6th Edition 8.00 rad/s *11-42. 11-12.Chapter 11. What is the combined angular speed after the two disks are meshed? IA = ½(6 kg)(0.060 kg m2 ωAo = 400 rpm = 41.4 m and the radius of disk B is 0. ΙΑωAo + IBωBo = (IA + IB) ωc (0.2 rad/s ωc = I Aω A0 (0. a 6-kg disk A rotating clockwise at 400 rpm engages with a 3-kg disk B initially at rest.00 kg m/s 2 ωf = .06 kg m2)(-200 rpm) = ( 0.48 kg m 2 + 0. Conservation of Momentum: *11-42.2 m)2 = 0.9 rad/s) = .

54ωc. If = (2 kg)(0.7 rad). The rod connecting the two weights in Fig. P = τω 2 2 152 .Chapter 11.010 kg m2)(600 rpm) = (0. Rotation of Rigid Bodies 180 kg m2 rpm = 0.7 rad = 2.17 m)2 + (2 kg)(0. α = τ −(48 N m) = .35 rad/s ] τ = FR = (120 N)(0. ωc = 333 rpm Physics. 2α 2(-100 rad/s 2 ) θ = 13.116 kg m2)ωf .48 kg m2 τ = Iα . the 2-kg masses are 10 cm apart. I 0.010 kg m2.17 m)2 I0 = 0. What is the angular acceleration of the disk if the ax exerts a tangential force of 120 N at the edge. At the instant when the angular speed is 600 rpm. What is the rotational speed later when the masses are 34 cm apart? 2 kg 10 cm 2 kg 34 cm 2 kg 2 kg Io = (2 kg) 0. 11-13 has negligible weight but is configured to allow the weights to slip outward.ωo .48 kg m 2 α = -100 rad/s2 2αθ = ω . ωf = 51. Challenge Problems *11-46.4 m)2 = 0. ωo = 600 rpm .35 rad/s)+0 = = 26.35 rad/s) 2 θ= = . If = 0.2 rad/s.9 rpm.05 m)2 + (2 kg)(0. 2 f 2 2 −ω 0 −(52.40 m) = 48 N m. Ioωo = Ifωf (0.68 kg m2. How many revolutions will the disk make before stopping? What is work is done and what power is lost in the process? [ ω0 = 500 rpm = 52. The radius of the disk is 40 cm.18 rev Work = 658 J Work = τθ = (48 N m)(13. I = ½mR2 = ½(6 kg)(0. 6th Edition 11-45. P= Work ω= ω 0 + ω f (52. The 6-kg circular grinding disk is rotating initially at 500 rpm.05 m)2.

what is the common rate of rotation of the combined disks? Assume clockwise is positive: ΙΑωAo + IB ωBo = (IA + IB) ωc . (a) What angular impulse is imparted to the wheel? (b) If the wheel was initially at rest. Disk A has three times the rotational inertia of Disk B. (3 IB)(200 rpm) + IB (-800 rpm) = (3IB + IB)ωc -(200 rpm) IB = 4IB ωc .40 m)2 .18 rad/s). τ ∆t = (240 N m)(0.48 N m s = I 0. ω f = τ ∆t 0. The edge of the wheel of radius 40 cm is struck suddenly with a average tangential force of 600 N lasting for 0. I = 0. 6th Edition *11-47 A 3-kg wheel with spokes of negligible mass is free to rotate about its center without friction. ω c = −200 rpm . P = 1.00 rad/s τ ∆t = Iωf . I = mR2 = (3 kg)(0.002 s).26 kW Physics.0 rpm *11-49. Rotation of Rigid Bodies P = (48 N m)(26.480 kg m 2 *11-48. ω c = 1400 rpm .Chapter 11. (a) If the two are meshed together.40 m) = 240 N m.0. 4 ωc = 350 rpm 153 .48 kg m2 τ ∆t = 0. What if the disks in Problem 11-48 are initially rotating in the same direction? What would be the common angular speed after meshing? (Clockwise positive) (3 IB)(200 rpm) + IB (+800 rpm) = (3IB + IB)ωc (1400 rpm) IB = 4IB ωc . Disk A is rotating initially clockwise at 200 rpm and Disk B is rotating in the opposite direction at 800 rpm. 4 IA = 3 I B ωc = -50.002-s interval? τ = FR = (600 N)(0.48 N m s ωf = 1. what was its angular speed at the end of the 0.002 s.

ω2 = (v2/R2) h mgh = ½mv2 + ½(mR2)(v2/R2).13 rad/s). Suppose a circular disk rolls down the same incline as in Problem 11-56.5 rad/s τ = 584 lb ft 11-55.0 m/s *11-57.5 rad/s. ω= θ 2π (20 rev) = = 25.2 m/s 155 . What is its speed when it reaches the bottom? mgh = ½mv2 + ½Iω2.000 ft lb P = τω . The kinetic energy that develops is shared between rotation and translation. What will be the speed when it reaches the bottom of the incline. 6th Edition *11-54. (Same as Prob. ω 188. vo = ωo = 0.13 rad/s t 5s P = 904 W P = τω = (36 N m)(25.18 m). τ= P (110. A constant force of 200 N acts at the edge of a wheel 36 cm in diameter causing it to make 20 rev in 5 s. What is the torque developed? ω = 1800 rpm = 188. I = mR2. A 2-kg circular hoop rolls down an inclined plane from an initial height of 20 m.8 m/s 2 )(20 m) . v = 14. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. An engine operating at 1800 rpm develops 200 hp.8 m/s2)(20 m). What power is developed? τ = FR = (200 N)(0.0 N m. [ h = 20 m. mgh = ½mv2 + ½mv2 v2 = gh = (9. τ = 36.] mgh = ½mv2 + ½Iω2. *11-56. 000 ft lb/s) = . mgh = ½mv2 + ¼mv2 ¾v2 = gh. v 2 = 4 gh 4(9. 11-56 except that I = ½mR2) I = ½mR2.Chapter 11. ω2 = (v2/R2) mgh = ½mv2 + ½(½mR2)(v2/R2). P = 200 hp = 110. = 3 3 v = 16.