Chapter 11.

Rotation of Rigid Bodies

Physics, 6th Edition

Chapter 11. Rotation of Rigid Bodies
Uniform Angular Acceleration
11-1. A cable is wrapped around a drum 80 cm in diameter. How many revolutions of this drum will cause an object attached to the cable to move a linear distance of 2 m? What is the angular displacement? [ R = 0.04 m, s = 2 m, θ = ? ] R

θ=

s 2m = = 5 rad R 0.400 m

 1 rev  θ = (5 rad)  ;  2π rad 

θ = 0.796 rev

s

11-2. A bicycle wheel is 26 in. in diameter. If the wheel makes 60 revolutions, what linear distance will it travel? [ D = 26 in.; R = 13 in. = 1.083 ft ]  2π rad  θ = 60 rev   = 377 rad ;  1 rev  s = θR = (377 rad)(1.083 ft); s = 408 ft

11-3. A point on the edge of a large wheel of radius 3 m moves through an angle of 370. Find the length of the arc described by the point.  2π rad  θ = 370  = 0.646 rad ; s = θR = (0.646 rad)(3 m); s = 1.94 m 0   360 

11-4. A person sitting on the edge of a 6-ft diameter platform moves a linear distance of 2 ft. Express the angular displacement in radians, degrees, and revolutions. [R = 3 ft ]

θ=

s 2 ft = ; R 3 ft

θ = 0.667 rad ;

 1 rev  θ = (0.667 rad)   ; θ = 0.106 rad ;  2π rad  θ = 38.20

 3600  θ = (0.667 rad)  ;  2π rad 

140

Chapter 11. Rotation of Rigid Bodies

Physics, 6th Edition

11-5. An electric motor turns at 600 rpm. What is the angular velocity? What is the angular displacement after 6 s? f = 600 rev  2π rad  1 min    ; min  1 rev  60 s  ω = 62.8 rad/s

θ = ωt = (62.8 rad/s)(6 s) ;

θ = 377 rad

11-6. A rotating pulley completes 12 rev in 4 s. Determine the average angular velocity in rev/s, rpm, and in rad/s? f = 12 rev ; 4s f = 3.00 rev/s ; f = 3.00 rev  1 rev  60 s     ; f = 28.6 rpm s  2π rad  1 min 

ω = 2π f = 3.00

rev  2π rad   ; s  1 rev 

ω = 18.8 rad/s

11-7. A bucket is hung from a rope which is wrapped many times around a circular drum of R radius 60 cm. The bucket starts from rest and is lifted to a height of 20 m in 5 s. (a) How many revolutions were made by the drum. (b) What was the average angular speed of the rotating drum? t=5s 20 m

θ=

s 20 m = = 33.3 rad R 0.600 m v= s 20 m = ; t 5s

 1 rev  θ = (33.3 rad)  ;  2π rad 

θ = 5.31 rev

v = 4.00 m/s

ω=

v 4 m/s = ; R 0.6 m

ω = 6.67 rad/s

11-8. A wheel of radius 15.0 cm starts from rest and makes 2.00 rev in 3.00 s. (a) What is its average angular velocity in rad/s? (b) What is the final linear velocity of a point on the

rim of the wheel?

ω=

θ 2 rev(2π rad/rev) = ; ω = 4.19 rad/s t 3s
141

  = 16. v = 2π  800   (0. 2π f = 16.38 rad/s. 11-12. A cylindrical piece of stock 6 in.79 rad/s2)(0. The proper tangential velocity for machining steel stock is about 70 cm/s.79 rad/s2 a = 0. What was the angular acceleration and the stopping time? 2αθ = ωf2 .25 ft) . 11-11. A circular drum of radius 40 cm is initially rotating at 400 rpm. in diameter rotates in a lathe at 800 rpm. (Cont.9 ft/s 11-10. ω= v 0. For the wheel in Problem 11-8. 6th Edition The final angular speed is twice the average since ωo = 0: ωf = 8. θ = 50 rev(2π rad/rev) = 314 rad. It is brought to a stop after making 50 revolutions.ωo2.275 rev/s .38 rad/s)(0.75 rad/s = 0.) Physics. min  60 s   v = 20. Rotation of Rigid Bodies 11-8. = 0.04 m v = ω R. t = 3 s ] α= ω f − ω 0 8. vf = 1. What is the linear velocity at the surface of the cylinder? [ R = D/2 = 3 in.7 s  1 min  min f = 0.7 rpm f = 0.419 m/s2 a = αR = (2. 2θ 2(314 rad) 142 .79 rad/s2 2 ω2 (0) 2 − (41. what is the angular acceleration? What is the linear acceleration of a point on the edge of the wheel? [ ωf = 8. R 0.26 m/s 11-9.70 m/s = = 1. f = 400 rpm = 41.Chapter 11.250 ft ] rev  1 min   v = ω R = 2π fR. At what rpm should a steel cylinder 8 cm in diameter be turned in a lathe? R = (0.75 rad/s . ωo = 0.08 m/2) = 0.9 rad/s) 2 f − ω0 α= = .38 rad/s − 0 .279 rev/s(60 s/min). = t 3s α = 2.9 rad/s α = 2.38 rad/s vf = ωfR = (8.15 m).04 m f = 1.15 m).275 rev  60 s  rev .

θ = ω0t + ½αt2 = (2 rad/s)(2 s) + ½(3. A wheel rotating initially at 6 rev/s undergoes a constant angular acceleration of 4 rad/s2.20 m.0 rev *11-16. A grinding disk is brought to a stop in 40 rev.5 rad/s2)(2 s). In Problem 11-13.) v = ωf R = (9.40 m/2 = 0.7 rad/s)(5 s) + ½(4 rad/s2)(5 s)2. θ = 11. If the braking acceleration was –6 rad/s2.7 rad/s θ = 238 rad θ = (37. what was the initial frequency or revolution in rev/s? [ θ = 40 rev (2π) = 251 rad ] 143 . t=5s ωf = 57. ωf = ωo + αt = 2 rad/s + (3.200 m) . α = 3. What is the angular displacement and angular velocity of the pulley 2 s later? θ = ω0t + ½αt2. the rotational speed is 2 rad/s. θ = ω0t + ½αt2.9 rad/s θ= ω0 + ω f t.80 m/s a = 0. At t = 0.5 rad/s2)(2 s)2. ωf = ωo + αt. The pulley rotates with a constant angular acceleration of 3.00 rad/s)(0. 2 t= t = 15. What is the angular velocity after 5 s? How many revolutions will the wheel make? ωο = 2πfR = 2π(6 rev/s) = 37.200 m) . what is the final linear speed and linear acceleration of the pulley belt as it moves around the edge of the pulley? (We must use the radius R = 0.20 m.7 rad/s.50 rad/s2)(0. v = 1. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.7 rad/s + (4 rad/s2)(5 s). α = 4 rad/s2.5 rad/s. ωf 41.Chapter 11. 6th Edition 2θ 2(314 rad) = . A belt is wrapped around the edge of a pulley that is 40 cm in diameter. ωf = 37. R = 0.0 s 11-13. ωo = 0.  2π rad  θ = 38. t = 2 s.  1 rev  θ = 238 rad  .00 rad/s 11-14.750 m/s2 *11-15.00 rad ωf = 9. a = αR = (3.50 rad/s2.

125 rad/s2 ωf = 0. What is the angular acceleration of the platform? What is the angular velocity after 4 s? 0 2 Find linear acceleration first: s = v0t + ½ at .9 rad/s ω 0 = −2αθ = −2(−6 rad/s 2 )(251 rad) . What is the linear velocity of a belt around the pulley after 8 s? What is the tangential acceleration of the belt? [ R = 0.320/2) = 0. Physics. a 0.58 m/s a = 0. A pulley 320 mm in diameter and rotating initially at 4 rev/s receives a constant angular acceleration of 2 rad/s2.125 rad/s2)(4 s). A person initially at rest 4 m from the center of a rotating platform covers distance of 100 m in 20 s.  1 rev  f = 54. A 2-kg mass and a 6-kg mass are connected by a light 30-cm bar.  2π rad  f = 8.160 m). = R 4m α = 0. ωf = 41. a = αR = (2 rad/s2)(0. Rotation of Rigid Bodies 2αθ = ωf2 .320 m/s2 *11-18. 6th Edition ωo = 54. The system is then rotated horizontally at 300 rpm about an axis 10 cm from the 6-kg mass.1 rad/s.160 m) . Moment of Inertia 11-19.160 m ] ωo = 4 rev/s (2π rad/rev) = 25. α= 0 ωf = ωo + αt.1 rad/s)(0.500 m/s 2 2 2 t (20 s) a = α R.9 rad/s  .500 rad/s Rotational Kinetic Energy.1 rad/s v = ωf R = (41. t = 8 s ωf = ωo + αt = 25. What is the moment of inertia about this axis? What is the rotational kinetic energy? 20 cm 144 2 kg 10 cm 6 kg .500 rad/s 2 . v = 6. α = 2 rad/s2.Chapter 11.1 rad/s + (2 rad/s2)(8 s).ωo2. ωf = (0.74 rev/s *11-17. a= 2 s 2(100 m) = = 0.

Rotation of Rigid Bodies I = ΣmR2 = (2 kg)(0. What is the radius of the disk if its kinetic energy is 54.1 m)2 I = 0.1 m long and pivoted at its midpoint? [ ID = ½mR2. I = 0. 6md 6(4 kg) R = 0. R= *11-22. A 1.1 J Physics.2 kg)(0.00 in.00 rad/s2.2-kg bicycle wheel has a radius of 70 cm with spokes of negligible weight. m 0.Chapter 11.0625 slug ft 2 ) = .0 rad/s)2. 12 mr L2 (1 kg)(1 m) 2 R= = .140 kg m2)(31. R = 0.588 kg m2 ωf = ωo + αt = (0) + (3 rad/s2)(4 s).204 m 145 .500 slugs.89 rad/s) 2 2I 2(0. 6th Edition Ek = ½Iω2 = ½(0. 11-20.500 ft or 6. I = ½mR2 I= 2 Ek 2(54.0 rad/s Ek = 42. I = mR2 = (1.50 kg I = ½mR2. ωf = 12. I = 0.3 J Ek = ½Iωf2 = ½(0. A 16-lb grinding disk is rotating at 400 rpm. *11-21.0625 slug ft2 2 ω (41. what will be its rotational kinetic energy after 4 s? (The bicycle wheel approximates a circular hoop. What must be the radius of a 4-kg circular disk if it is to have the same moment of inertia as a 1-kg rod.70 m)2.140 kg m2 ω = 300 rpm = 31.4 rad/s Ek = 69.4 rad/s)2.588 kg m2)(12.89 rad/s ] m = (16 lb/32 ft/s2) = 0.8 ft lb. IR = (1/12)mL2 ] 2 mr L2 ½ md R = .8 ft lb) = . If it starts from rest and receives an angular acceleration of 3 rad/s2.2 m)2 + (6 kg)(0. Ek = ½Ιω2 = 54.8 ft lb? What is the moment of inertia? [ 400 rpm = 41.) α = 3.

9 J Ek = ½ I ω 2 = ½(0.94 rad/s) 2 .94 rad/s. I D = ½mR 2 . *11-24. Rw = 0. The wheel can be thought of as a circular hoop of mass 2 kg.360 kg m 2 )(20. Ls = 0. Ek = 78.3) 2 . suppose we set m = 1 kg and R = 1 m 2 We see that: I H = 1 kg m . I S = 0. 2 The rotational inertias are: I H = mR . IT = (2 kg)(0. and each of 12 wooden 500-g spokes can be thought of as thin rods rotating about their ends. I = 0. Newton’s Second Law and Rotation 146 . IT = mw R 2 + 12( 13 mL2 ). A wagon wheel 60 cm in diameter is mounted on a central axle where it spins at 200 rpm. I S = 2 5 mR 2 : For purposes of comparing. Compare the rotational kinetic energies of three objects of equal radius and mass: A circular hoop.3 m) 2 + 4(0.Chapter 11.30 m.5 kg m 2 . and a solid sphere. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.5 kg)(0. the hoop has the largest kinetic energy. I D = 0. 6th Edition *11-23. a circular disk. so at a given rotational speed. and then by the sphere. followed by the disk.5 kg. Calculate the moment of inertia for the entire wheel? What is the rotational kinetic energy? IT = I w + 12 I s mw = 2 kg.4 kg m 2 Now Ek = ½Iω2. ms = 0.360 kg m2 ω = 200 rpm = 20.30 m.

L = 0. ωf = 400 rpm = 41. A 3-kg thin rod is 40 cm long and pivoted about its midpoint.9 rad/s. The flywheel of an engine has a moment inertia of 24 slug ft2. ωf = 300 rpm = 31. What torque is required to cause it to make 20 rev while its rotational speed increases from 200 rpm to 600 rpm? θ = 20 rev(2π rad) = 126 rad.9 rad/s . mR (5 kg)(0. A rope wrapped around a 5-kg circular drum pulls with a tension of 400 N.9 rad/s 2 ) .558 N m 2αθ = ωf2 .19 rad/s2).40 m L = 0.8 rad/s. *11-28.40 m m = 3 kg α = 13.Chapter 11. ωo = 0.94 rad/s)2. t = 10 s. I= 1 12 mL2 τ = Iα = 1 12 mL2α = 1 12 (3 kg)(0. 2α(126 rad) = (62. m = 3 kg.ωo2.8 rad/s)2 – (20. What torque is required to accelerate the wheel from rest to an angular velocity of 400 rpm in 10 s. A frictional torque of 80 N m opposes the rotation of the shaft. 6th Edition 11-25.40 m) 2 (13. A large 120-kg turbine wheel has a radius of gyration of 1 m. If the radius of the drum is 20 cm and it is free to rotate about its central axis. R α= 2F 2(400 N) = . ωo = 200 rpm = 20. *11-27. t = 2 s 147 . t 10 s τ = 1010 N m τ = Iα = (24 slug ft2)(4.94 rad/s ωf = 600 rpm = 62.20 m) α = 800 rad/s2 F = 400 N 11-26. what is the angular acceleration? τ = FR = Iα.19 rad/s 2 .4 rad/s. I = ½mR2 FR = (½ mR 2 )α . What torque must be applied to accelerate the wheel from rest to 300 rpm in 10 s? ωo = 0.0 = = 4. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.9 rad/s2 τ = 0. I = 24 slug ft2 α= ω f − ω o 41.

An 8-kg grinding disk has a diameter of 60 cm and is rotating at 600 rpm. I = mk2 = (120 kg)(1 m)2 t 2s I = 120 kg m2.5 rad/s2). mR (30 kg)(0.5 kg m2)(2. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.3 rad/s2 *11-31.5 kg m2. τ = Iα = (120 kg m2)(15. τ = FR = Iα . What resultant torque is required to give an angular acceleration of 2.8 rad/s.6 rad/s 2 t 5s τ = FR = Iα . F = ½mRα = ½(8 kg)(0.5 m)2 = 0.0 = = 12. FR = (½mR 2 )α . What braking force must be applied tangentially to the disk if it is to stop rotating in 5 s? ω0 = 600 rpm = 62. I= τ 150 N m = . α 12 rad/s 2 I = 12.2 m and mass 30 kg.5 rad/s2. An unbalanced torque of 150 N m imparts an angular acceleration of 12 rad/s2 to the rotor of a generator.Chapter 11.7 rad/s 2 . I = mR2 = (2 kg)(0.30 m)(12. FR = (½mR 2 )α . A rope is wrapped several times around a cylinder of radius 0. What is the moment of inertia? τ = Iα .25 N m *11-30. What is the angular acceleration of the cylinder if the tension in the rope is 40 N and it turns without friction. 6th Edition α= ω 0 − ω f 31.7 rad/s2).5 kg m2 148 .20 m) α = 13. α = ω 0 − ω f 62. τ = 1885 N m 11-29.8 rad/s .6 rad/s 2 ) F = 15.4 rad/s .1 N 11-32. τ = Iα = (0. ωf = 0. α = 2F 2(40 N) = .0 = = 15. τ = 1. A 2-kg mass swings in a circle of radius 50-cm at the end of a light rod.

If the rope is pulled with a force of 60 N.450 kg m2. Work = ½Iωf2 – (0). I = ½mR2. Use the work-energy theorem to calculate the final angular velocity of the disk in Problem 11-33 if it starts from rest. what is the angular acceleration of the cylinder? What is the linear acceleration of the rope? I = ½mR2 = ½(10 kg)(0. Assuming the wheel was initially at rest.10 m)(50 rad).10 m ] Work = F s = (40 N)(5 m) . Work = ½(½mR2) ωf2 ωf = 4(200 J) 4(200 J) = . Work = ½Iωf2 – (0). A 1. ωf = 98. A cord is wrapped around the rim of a cylinder that has a mass of 10 kg and a radius of 30 cm. *11-34. What is the linear work done by the 40-N force? What is the rotational work done on the disk? [ R = 20/2) = 10 cm or 0. 6th Edition Rotational Work. and Power 11-33.2 kW motor acts for 8 s on a wheel having a moment of inertia of 2 kg m2.Chapter 11. τ = (60 N)(0. 2 mR (3 kg)(0.10 m) 2 ωf = 163 rad/s *11-35. what average angular speed was developed? P= Work . Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. t Work = Pt = (1200 W)(8 s) = 9600 J 9600 J = ½(2 kg m2) ωf2 . Energy.30 m)2 = 0.3 m) = 18 N m 149 .0 rad/s *11-36. A rope wrapped around a 3-kg disk 20 cm in diameter is pulled for a linear distance of 5 m with a force of 40 N.10 m Work = 200 J Work = τθ = FRθ = (40 N)(0. Work = 200 J θ= s 5m = = 50 rad R 0.

11-40.5 rad/s) = 65. and the torque acts for 0.50 kg)(0.00375 kg m2 Iω = 0.7 rad/s 2 t 2s τ = 0. A sudden torque of 400 N m is applied to the edge of a disk initially at rest. In Problem 11-39. 973 ft lb/s or Angular Momentum 11-39.4 rad/s) = = −15. what is the change in angular momentum? What is the final angular speed? change in angular momentum = Angular impulse. α= τ 18 N m = .Iωο . I 0.5 rad/s .02 s.0589 N m τ = Iα = (0. *11-41. What is the angular momentum? [ ω = 300 rpm = 31. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. If the rotational inertia of the disk is 4 kg m2.4 rad/s) .0 N m 11-38.118 kg m/s2 Iω = (0. A 500-g steel rod 30 cm in length is pivoted about its center and rotated at 300 rpm. I = 0. τ= P 600 W = ω 20 rad/s τ = 30.00375 kg m2)(15. 150 0 τ ∆t = Iωf . The crankshaft on an automobile develops 350 lb ft of torque at 1800 rpm. m = 0. What torque is developed? P = τω .Chapter 11. A 600-W motor drives a pulley with an average angular velocity of 20 rad/s.30 m) 2 . What is the output horsepower? 1800 rpm = 188. 120 hp P = τω = (350 ft lb)(188.7 rad/s2). what average torque must be applied to stop the rotation in 2 s? α= ω f − ω 0 0 − (31.00375 kg m 2 )(31.5 kg ] I= 1 12 mL2 = 1 12 (0.4 rad/s.450 kg m 2 α = 40 rad/s2 11-37. 6th Edition τ = Iα .

00 kg m/s2 τ ∆t = Ιωf = 8.48 kg m2)(400 rpm) + (0.48 kg m 2 + 0.48 kg m 2 )(41. ωc = 378 rpm *11-44. 4 kg m 2 ωf = 2. I A + I B 0. What is the combined angular velocity after the disks are meshed? (0. IB = ½(3 kg)(0. What is the common angular speed as they mesh? Choose clockwise as positive and use rpm’s for angular speed. ωBo = 0. Assume the same conditions as Problem 11-42 except that the disk B is rotating counterclockwise and A is rotating clockwise.060 kg m 2 *11-43.48 kg m2)(400 rpm) + (0. The radius of disk A is 0.) ΙΑωAo + IBωBo = (IA + IB) ωc ωc = 37.060 kg m 2 )ωc 204 kg m2 rpm = 0.060 kg m 2 )ωc 151 .2 m.00 kg m/s 2 Physics. Rotation of Rigid Bodies τ ∆t = (400 N m)(0.9 rad/s.54ωc. (Cont.48 kg m 2 + 0.02 s) = 8. In Fig.4 m)2 = 0. Assume that disk B in Problem 11-42 is initially rotating clockwise at 200 rpm in the same direction as disk A.06 kg m2)(200 rpm) = ( 0. ωAf = ωBf = ωc.480 kg m2. 6th Edition 8.00 rad/s *11-42. 11-12.Chapter 11. What is the combined angular speed after the two disks are meshed? IA = ½(6 kg)(0.060 kg m2 ωAo = 400 rpm = 41.4 m and the radius of disk B is 0. ΙΑωAo + IBωBo = (IA + IB) ωc (0.2 rad/s ωc = I Aω A0 (0. a 6-kg disk A rotating clockwise at 400 rpm engages with a 3-kg disk B initially at rest.00 kg m/s 2 ωf = .06 kg m2)(-200 rpm) = ( 0.48 kg m 2 + 0. Conservation of Momentum: *11-42.2 m)2 = 0.9 rad/s) = .

54ωc. If = (2 kg)(0.7 rad). The rod connecting the two weights in Fig. P = τω 2 2 152 .Chapter 11.010 kg m2)(600 rpm) = (0. Rotation of Rigid Bodies 180 kg m2 rpm = 0.7 rad = 2.17 m)2 + (2 kg)(0. α = τ −(48 N m) = .35 rad/s ] τ = FR = (120 N)(0. ωc = 333 rpm Physics. 2α 2(-100 rad/s 2 ) θ = 13.116 kg m2)ωf .48 kg m2 τ = Iα . the 2-kg masses are 10 cm apart. I 0.010 kg m2.17 m)2 I0 = 0. What is the angular acceleration of the disk if the ax exerts a tangential force of 120 N at the edge. At the instant when the angular speed is 600 rpm. What is the rotational speed later when the masses are 34 cm apart? 2 kg 10 cm 2 kg 34 cm 2 kg 2 kg Io = (2 kg) 0. 11-13 has negligible weight but is configured to allow the weights to slip outward.ωo .48 kg m 2 α = -100 rad/s2 2αθ = ω . ωf = 51. Challenge Problems *11-46.4 m)2 = 0. ωo = 600 rpm .35 rad/s)+0 = = 26.35 rad/s) 2 θ= = . If = 0.2 rad/s.9 rpm.05 m)2 + (2 kg)(0. 2 f 2 2 −ω 0 −(52.40 m) = 48 N m. Ioωo = Ifωf (0.68 kg m2. How many revolutions will the disk make before stopping? What is work is done and what power is lost in the process? [ ω0 = 500 rpm = 52. The radius of the disk is 40 cm.18 rev Work = 658 J Work = τθ = (48 N m)(13. I = ½mR2 = ½(6 kg)(0. 6th Edition 11-45. P= Work ω= ω 0 + ω f (52. The 6-kg circular grinding disk is rotating initially at 500 rpm.05 m)2.

what is the common rate of rotation of the combined disks? Assume clockwise is positive: ΙΑωAo + IB ωBo = (IA + IB) ωc . (a) What angular impulse is imparted to the wheel? (b) If the wheel was initially at rest. Disk A has three times the rotational inertia of Disk B. (3 IB)(200 rpm) + IB (-800 rpm) = (3IB + IB)ωc -(200 rpm) IB = 4IB ωc .40 m)2 .18 rad/s). τ ∆t = (240 N m)(0.48 N m s = I 0. ω f = τ ∆t 0. The edge of the wheel of radius 40 cm is struck suddenly with a average tangential force of 600 N lasting for 0. I = 0. 6th Edition *11-47 A 3-kg wheel with spokes of negligible mass is free to rotate about its center without friction. ω c = −200 rpm . P = 1.00 rad/s τ ∆t = Iωf . I = mR2 = (3 kg)(0.002 s).26 kW Physics.0 rpm *11-49. Rotation of Rigid Bodies P = (48 N m)(26.480 kg m 2 *11-48. ω c = 1400 rpm .Chapter 11. (a) If the two are meshed together.40 m) = 240 N m.0. 4 ωc = 350 rpm 153 .48 kg m2 τ ∆t = 0. What if the disks in Problem 11-48 are initially rotating in the same direction? What would be the common angular speed after meshing? (Clockwise positive) (3 IB)(200 rpm) + IB (+800 rpm) = (3IB + IB)ωc (1400 rpm) IB = 4IB ωc . Disk A is rotating initially clockwise at 200 rpm and Disk B is rotating in the opposite direction at 800 rpm. 4 IA = 3 I B ωc = -50.002-s interval? τ = FR = (600 N)(0.48 N m s ωf = 1. what was its angular speed at the end of the 0.002 s.

5 rad/s Work = ½(2 kg m2)(10. A wheel of radius 2 ft has a moment of inertia of 8. θ = 36.93 rad/s2 *11-53.319 hp t 5s 154 .2 slug ft 2 α = 2.9 rad/s. How much work was done? What horsepower was developed? θ = ω0t + ½αt2 = 0 + ½(2. τ = FR = (12 lb)(2 ft) = 24 lb ft. ω = 400 rpm = 41.2 slug ft2.9 rad/s)2.7 ft lb/s or 0. ωf = 100 rpm = 10. I 8. Find its moment of inertia and its kinetic energy if it is rotating at 400 rpm. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. In Problem 11-52.Chapter 11.5 rad/s)2 . P= Work = 878 ft lb Work 878 ft lb = .½(2 kg m2)(41. I = mk2 = (8 kg)(0. The radius of gyration of an 8-kg wheel is 50 cm. 6th Edition *11-50. A constant force of 12 lb acts tangentially at the edge of the wheel that is initially at rest.6 rad Work = τθ = (24 lb ft)(36.5 m)2.9 rad/s)2 Work = -1644 J 11-52. How much work is required to slow the wheel in Problem 11-50 to 100 rpm? Work = change in kinetic energy Work = ½I wf2 .6 rad).00 kg m2 Ek = 1750 J Ek = ½Iω2 = ½(2 kg m2)(41.93 rad/s2)(5 s)2. α= τ (24 lb ft) = .9 rad/s I = 2. *11-51. What is the angular acceleration? τ = Iα.½I wo2 ωo = 41. P = 175. the wheel was brought to rest in 5 s.

ω2 = (v2/R2) h mgh = ½mv2 + ½(mR2)(v2/R2).13 rad/s). Suppose a circular disk rolls down the same incline as in Problem 11-56.5 rad/s τ = 584 lb ft 11-55.0 m/s *11-57.5 rad/s. ω= θ 2π (20 rev) = = 25.2 m/s 155 . What is its speed when it reaches the bottom? mgh = ½mv2 + ½Iω2.000 ft lb P = τω . The kinetic energy that develops is shared between rotation and translation. What will be the speed when it reaches the bottom of the incline. 6th Edition *11-54. (Same as Prob. ω 188. vo = ωo = 0.13 rad/s t 5s P = 904 W P = τω = (36 N m)(25.18 m). τ= P (110. A constant force of 200 N acts at the edge of a wheel 36 cm in diameter causing it to make 20 rev in 5 s. What is the torque developed? ω = 1800 rpm = 188. I = mR2. A 2-kg circular hoop rolls down an inclined plane from an initial height of 20 m.8 m/s 2 )(20 m) . v = 14. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics. An engine operating at 1800 rpm develops 200 hp.8 m/s2)(20 m). What power is developed? τ = FR = (200 N)(0.0 N m. [ h = 20 m. mgh = ½mv2 + ½mv2 v2 = gh = (9. τ = 36.] mgh = ½mv2 + ½Iω2. *11-56. 000 ft lb/s) = . mgh = ½mv2 + ¼mv2 ¾v2 = gh. v 2 = 4 gh 4(9. 11-56 except that I = ½mR2) I = ½mR2.Chapter 11. ω2 = (v2/R2) mgh = ½mv2 + ½(½mR2)(v2/R2). P = 200 hp = 110. = 3 3 v = 16.

2 0. The spin cycle on a washer slows from 900 rpm to 300 rpm in 4 s.94. 2(50 N)(0.600 kg m 2 /s 0.25 rad/s.86 rad/s2 156 .Iωo = τ ∆t.83 rad/s. What is the torque developed? If the radius of the tub is 30 cm. Does a force act to throw off the water from the clothes or is it the lack of a force? When operating at 900 rpm. 6th Edition Critical Thinking Questions 11-58.600 N m s Ιωf . FRθ = ½Iωf2 – 0.30 m α= ω f − ω 0 62.Iωo = 0.60 m)2 = 1. the output power is 4 kW. Impulse = τ ∆t τ ∆t = FR ∆t = (50 N)(0. what was the final angular speed? (d) Use the workenergy theorem to calculate the angular displacement.Chapter 11. (Cont. A force of 50 N acts tangent to the edge of the wheel for a time of 0.6 m) θ = 0. = t 4s α = -7. A circular hoop of mass 2-kg and radius 60 cm spins freely about its center connected by light central spokes.600 kg m2/s I = (2 kg)(0.2 kg m2. ωf = 600 rpm = 62.600 kg m 2 /s)(0. what is the linear speed of the clothes near the inside edge? ωo = 90 rpm = 94.600 kg m2/s 11-58.25 rad/s . ωf = 0. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.833 rad/s) 2 . Determine the angular acceleration.) I = mR .83 rad/s . R = 0.6 m)(002 s) τ ∆t = 0.02 s.6 m) 2 Work = τθ = FRθ. Change in momentum = 0.833 rad/s θ= Iω 2 f 2 FR = (0. τ = FR. (a) What is the angular impulse? (b) What is the change in angular momentum? (c) If the hoop was initially at rest.600 kg m 2 /s ωf = = mR 2 (2 kg)(0. Ιωf .00833 rad 11-59.

11-14 the block has a mass of 2 kg and is rotating at 3 rad/s when r = 1 m. ω 94.9 cm 157 .30 m). 11-14. If the cord is pulled from below until its radius is r/4.849 m or 84.4 N m v = 27.  rf    rf = 3 rf3 = 2 mr04ω 0 mr 4ω 2 . f rf = 25 N r02ω 0 Substitute ω f = 2 rf 2 into mω f rf = 25 N and solve for rf :  r 4ω 2  m  0 4 0  rf = 25 N.25 rad/s Physics. A block is attached to a cord passing over a pulley through a hole in a horizontal table top as shown in Fig. 2 2 r02ω 0 ωf = 2 rf v2 = ω2r2 F= . rf = 3 0 0 25 N 25 N (2kg )(1 m) 4 (3 rad/s) 2 . At what distance r will the tension in the cord be 25 N? Ioωo = Ifωf . Initially the block is revolving at 4 rad/s at a distance r from the center of the hole.    2  r ω f = (4 rad/s)  0   r0  4   = (4 rad/s)(16)    ωf = 64 rad/s *11-61. τ = P 4000 W = . 11-60. 25 N rf = 0.7 m/s v = ωR = (94.Chapter 11. what is the new angular velocity? Angular momentum is conserved: r rω ω f = 2 0 = ω0  0  rf rf  2 0 Ioωo = Ifωf .25 rad/s)(0. mv 2 f rf (mro )ωo = (mrf )ωf . 6th Edition τ = 42. Rotation of Rigid Bodies P = τω . Suppose in Fig. 2 (mro2)ωo = (mrf2)ωf  . F= mω f2 rf2 rf = mω 2 mω 2 f rf .

M = 8 kg. TR = (½ MR )   . 2  a  (a) τ = FR = Iα. I = ½MR2. M + 2m [8 kg + 2(2 kg)] *11-63. Now the student is able to reduce the rotational inertia to 2 kg m 2 by 158 . Find the linear acceleration of the 2-kg mass by recalling that v = ωR.0 kg m2. The platform is then set into constant. v2 = 39. A student stands on a platform with arms outstretched.8 m/s2)(6 m) = ½(2 kg)v2 + ¼(8 kg)v2. R R T T mg R M m T = ½ Ma (b) (c) mg – T = ma. Given: m = 2 kg. and the angular acceleration. Use data given in Problem 11-5. the moment of inertia of the disk.8 m/s 2 ) = . a= 2mg 2(2 kg)(9. the mass. and I = ½mR2. mgh = ½mv2 + ¼Mv2 R  (2 kg)(9. I = ½MR2 Epo of falling mass = Ekf of falling mass + Ekf of rotating disk mgh = ½mv2 + ½Iωf2 . Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.26 m/s *11-64. 6th Edition *11-62. 2 R M m ωf2 = vf2/R2 h  v2  mgh = ½ mv + ½(½ MR )  2  . mg – (½Ma) = ma 2mg = Ma + 2ma a = 3. and h = 6 m. Use conservation of energy to find the velocity of the 2-kg mass in Fig. Consider Fig.27 m/s2 h 2mg – Ma = 2ma. R = 60 cm. holding weights in each hand so that the rotational inertial is 6.Chapter 11. 11-15 just before it strikes the floor 6 m below.2 m2/s2. 11-15 in which m = 2 kg. v = 6. Eliminate T from these two equations. Next write Newton’s second law for falling mass in terms the tension in the rope. and the linear acceleration. frictionless rotation at 90 rpm. R = 60 cm. and h = 6 m. a = αR. Write Newton’s second law for the disk in terms of the tension in the rope. M = 8 kg.

6th Edition pulling the weights in to the body. 11-65. The right mass is 4 kg and the left mass is 2 kg. If = 2 kg m2 ] Conservation of momentum: Ioωo = Ifωf (6 kg m2)(90 rpm) = (2 kg m2) ωf . ωf = 270 rpm = 28.8 m/s2)(6 m) 159 . [ ωo= 90 rpm.425 rad/s. Three masses: m2gh = m1gh + ½m2v2 + ½m1v2 + ½Iω2 m1 R M m2 h Substitute I = ½MR2 and ωf2 = v2/R2.m1gh ½(4 kg)v2 + ½(2 kg)v2 + ¼(6 kg)v2 = (4 kg)(9. ωf = 270 rpm ωo = 90 rpm = 9. 11-16 can be considered as a 6-kg disk of radius 50 cm. (a) What will be the new rate of rotation in the absence of external torque? (b) What is the ratio of the final kinetic energy to the initial kinetic energy? Explain increase in energy. 2 ½ I 0ω 0 ½(6 kg m 2 )(9. Rotation of Rigid Bodies Physics.27 rad/s Ekf Ek 0 ½(2 kg m 2 )(28.8 m/s2)(6 m) – (2 kg)(9.00 The final kinetic energy is three times the initial energy. The increase in energy comes for doing work on the masses to bring them closer to the body. m2gh = m1gh + ½m2v2 + ½m1v2 + ½(½MR2)(v2/R2) m2gh = m1gh + ½m2v2 + ½m1v2 + ¼Mv2 ½m2v2 + ½m1v2 + ¼Mv2 = m2gh . Consider both rotational and translational energies and find the velocity just before the 4-kg mass strikes the floor? Conservation of energy: The initial potential energy of the right mass must equal the sum of the final potential and kinetic energies including rotational Ek and translational Ek.425 rad/s) 2 ½I f ω 2 f Ek/Ef = 3.Chapter 11.27 rad/s) 2 = = . The large pulley shown in Fig. Io = 6 kg m2.

v = 5. Rotation of Rigid Bodies 2v2 + v2 + 1.6 m2/s2. 6th Edition 160 .11 m/s Physics.5 v2 = 117.Chapter 11.

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