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Space Science 2

Space Science 2

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Published by Nilesh Gupta
Dramatic changes occur during the solar cycle, Coronagraphs- Artificial Eclipses
Dramatic changes occur during the solar cycle, Coronagraphs- Artificial Eclipses

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Published by: Nilesh Gupta on Apr 19, 2013
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07/31/2013

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Space Science Part 1

18-Apr-13

Influence of Solar surface activities to Earth

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The Sun appears white to us but it radiates in all wavelengths (visible and nonvisible “colors”)
The electromagnetic spectrum
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The Sun in Another Light

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Extreme Ultraviolet image of the Sun at 195 Angstroms
Visible Light has wavelengths between 4000 and 7000 Angstroms
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Seeing Magnetic Field lines
Plasma emission traces out magnetic fields in the solar corona

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Solar Eruptions
Common during the Sun’s active periods

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Huge flare of 28 October 2003 Solar prominence dwarfs Earth in size

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The 11 year sunspot cycle
The amount of magnetic activity on the Sun varies in an 11 year cycle.

A regular cycle of sunspot numbers over the past 300 years.

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Dramatic changes occur during the solar cycle

X-ray and magnetic activity compared

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CoronagraphsArtificial Eclipses
Explosions on the Sun (Coronal Mass Ejections) A billion tons of hot gas being launched from the Sun.

White circle in image indicates size and location of Sun, which is blocked by a 9 metal disk in the instrument.

A solar “wind” streams into the solar system and shapes Earth’s magnetosphere

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The Sun generates Space Weather in our solar system
Solar activity can have a dramatic impact on communications, satellites, and astronauts.

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Solar activity causes colorful aurorae

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Space Weather affects the Moon and other planets we hope to explore.

Mars
Aurorae on Neptune, Saturn, and Jupiter
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