SEMINAR ON SHLOKA

Dr. VIKAS SAROCH
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Contents:
Definition Synonyms Preparation of Musha Parts of Musha Uses of Musha Classification of Musha Conclusion

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मुषणािि दॊषानमूषा या सा मूषॆिि ििगधिॆ ||

रसरतसुमुचय: १०/२

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Definition of

मूषाा ष

Ø Musha used to remove doshas from various metals and minerals. Ø They are specially for preparing Bhasmas Ø For the extraction of satvas from Dhatus. Ø i.e. One can eliminates the impurities.
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Synonyms:Ø Kumudi- Looks like lotus. Ø Crounchika- Crouncha bird. (Mountain) Ø Karhatika- Karahata desh mruttika. Ø Pachani- Pachan of dravyas. Ø Vanhimitra- Intence heat.
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Basic Material Needed For Making Mushas
1)Dagdha tusha(Burnt Husk) 13)Shwetashma(Limestones) 2) Pashana churna 14)Kupi churna 3)Angara(Burnt Charcoal) 15)Sukti churna 4)Lohakitta(Iron slag) 16)Ishtika churna 5)Dagdhagara(Burnt clay) 17)Bhunaga satwa 6)Sana(Jute) 18)Jala 7)Vida(Salt) 19)Mahisha kshira 8)Bhunaga mruttika 9)Krushna mruttika 10)Shweta mruttika 11)Rakta mruttika 12) Valmika mruttika(Hillrock soil)
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Grahya laxana of mruttika(R.T.3/6)
Blackish colour Pandura(Swetha) colour(R.R.S 10/6) Without impurities like stone. Shining Sticky in nature Heavy

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Parts of

मूषा

1) Upper part ( Pidhanaka ) – Covers the musha & protect material to flow from it. 2) Lower basal part – Used for keeping materials for heating.
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Uses of musas :
Rasa Murcchana Rasa Sodhana Rasa Marana Rasa Bandhana Dvanda Melapana Dravana Satavpatan
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Classification of musha
Shape- e.g. Gostani musha,Manduka (Frog) Material- e.g. Gara musha (Dagdha gara/clay) Purpose- e.g. Vajra musha (withstands strong heat)
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Different types of

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Samanya Musha
Ing:Mruttika– 4 part Burnt Husk1 part Burnt Charcoal Powder 1 part Horse Dung1 part Method of PreparationIngredients are pounded well to make fine powder. Give Bhavana till the paste become soft, smooth & sticky. Made acc. shape by roasting it in fire. Use- Satwapatana of shilajita, vimala.

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Different types of mushas

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मूषा

Hessian crucibles

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मूषा

With Pidhanaka (Zirconium crucible)

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Gostani musha

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Gostani musha

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Adhunika Musha(Modern Crucible):China clay. Shadoo(modelling clay) &Chikkana clay. Kaolin- mountain kaolin in China. Silica- Pure silicate SiO2(Silicon dioxide) Not affected chemically by acids or alkalis.
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Conclusion:
All texts describe different types of Mushas. Mushas necessary for various processes like satvapatana etc. They can withstand high temperatures. In modern times the use of traditional Mushas is declining with the advent of modern crucibles.

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References
‘Rasaratna Samucchaya’ ‘Ayurvediya Rasashastra’ Siddhinandan Mishra Rasashastra ‘Dr. Damodar Joshi ‘ Internet (www.google.com)

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THANK YOU

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