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Dog Nutrition by Judy Luther

Dog Nutrition by Judy Luther

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Published by: Nicholay Atanassov on Apr 19, 2013
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Top 10 Natural Dog Foods, All Natural, Grain Free – Reviewed and Recommended


Top 7 Worst Dog Food Brands
The best way to avoid the worst dog food brands is to Read your dog food labels – There are literally Hundreds of brands and varieties of dog food. Bad dog food ingredients = shortened life span for your companion. Below is a listing of some of the inexpensive dog food brands, with the harmful, unnecessary and outright dangerous, highlighted in red. This is not a complete listing of all the worst dog food brands with harmful ingredients, just the more popular names. Unfortunately there are still too many out there. Use this list as a guide on what bad dog food ingredients to avoid when buying commercial dog food. If a specific brand of food is not listed here it does not mean it is bad or good brand. You can find the complete ingredient listing and nutritional analysis on any of the dog food manufacturer’s websites. An ingredient list like the dog food on this page should always be avoided. Did you know that your can reduce or eliminate the signs of allergies in dogs just by feeding an improved, corn free dog food? I am just using these foods as examples of what I consider unhealthy and dangerous dog food brands. Any dog who is fed a consistent and regular diet of corn will be more prone to illnesses, allergies and a shorter life. DOGS ARE CARNIVORES, following the long ancestral history as canids – All these examples have corn as the main ingredient. Use these foods as a comparative guide to see what you should not be feeding your dog. BENEFUL BY PURINA INGREDIENTS: Ground yellow corn, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, whole wheat flour, animal fat preserved with mixed-tocopherols (form of Vitamin E), rice flour, beef, soy flour, sugar, propylene glycol, meat and bone meal, tricalcium phosphate, phosphoric acid, salt, water, animal digest, sorbic acid (a preservative), potassium chloride, dried carrots, dried peas, calcium propionate (a preservative), L-Lysine monohydrochloride, choline chloride, added color (Red 40, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Blue 2), DL-Methionine, Vitamin E supplement, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, niacin, Vitamin A supplement, calcium carbonate, copper sulfate, Vitamin B-12 supplement, calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin supplement, Vitamin D-3 supplement, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), calcium iodate, folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite. ALPO BY PURINA INGREDIENTS: Ground yellow corn, corn germ meal, meat and bone meal, soybean meal, beef tallow preserved with mixed tocopherols (form of vitamin E), animal digest (source of chicken flavor), salt, potassium chloride, beef & liver meal, dried cheese powder, dl-methionine, added color, choline chloride, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, vitamin E supplement, niacin, vitamin A supplement, calcium carbonate, copper sulfate, brewers dried yeast, calcium pantothenate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, vitamin B-12 supplement, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin d-3 supplement, riboflavin supplement, calcium

2 iodate, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite. OL ROY From WALMART: INGREDIENTS: Ground yellow corn, soybean meal, ground whole wheat, corn syrup, poultry fat, Meat and bone meal, Animal Fat Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid, Chicken by-product meal , Rice, Animal Digest, Salt, Calcium Carbonate, Potassium Chloride, Choline Chloride, Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Vitamin D and E Supplement, Niacin, Copper Sulafate, Manganous Oxide, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), Calcium Iodate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Cobalt Carbonate, Folic Acid, Sodium Selenite, Folic Acid KIBBLES N BITS: INGREDIENTS: Corn, soybean meal, beef and bone meal, ground wheat flour, animal fat – bha used as preservative, corn syrup, wheat middlings, water sufficient for processing, animal digest (source of chicken flavor), propylene glycol, salt,hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride, caramel color, sorbic acid (used as a preservative), sodium carbonate, minerals (ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, manganous oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite), choline chloride, vitamins (vitamin E supplement, vitamin A supplement, niacin supplement, D-calcium pantothenate, riboflavin supplement, pyridoxine hydrochloride, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin D3 supplement, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12 supplement), calcium sulfate, titanium dioxide, yellow 5, yellow 6, red 40, BHA (used as a preservative), dl methionine PURINA DOG CHOW: INGREDIENTS: Whole grain corn, poultry by-product meal, animal fat preserved with mixed-tocopherols (form of Vitamin E), corn gluten meal, meat and bone meal, brewers rice, soybean meal, barley, whole grain wheat, animal digest, calcium carbonate, salt, calcium phosphate, potassium chloride, L-Lysine monohydrochloride, choline chloride, zinc sulfate, Vitamin E supplement, zinc proteinate, ferrous sulfate, added color (Red 40, Yellow 5, Blue 2, Yellow 6), DL-Methionine, manganese sulfate, manganese proteinate, niacin, Vitamin A supplement, copper sulfate, calcium pantothenate, copper proteinate, garlic oil, pyridoxine hydrochloride, Vitamin B-12 supplement, thiamine mononitrate, Vitamin D-3 supplement, riboflavin supplement, calcium iodate, *menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite. PEDIGREE: (Puppy Food) INGREDIENTS: Ground Whole Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Rice, Corn Gluten Meal (Source of Lutein*), Animal Fat (preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, Source of Vitamin E), Natural Poultry Flavor, Wheat, Potassium Chloride, Wheat Flour, DiCalcium Phosphate, Salt, Brewers Dried Yeast, Carmel Color, Vegetable Oil (Source of Linoleic Acid), Calcium Carbonate, Taurine, Vitamins (dl-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate [Source of Vitamin E], Choline Chloride, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate [Source of Vitamin C*], Vitamin A Acetate, Thiamine Mononitrate [Vitamin B1], d-Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin Supplement [Vitamin B2], Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement), Marigold Meal, Minerals (Zinc Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Potassium Iodide), Added FD&C and Lake Colors (Yellow 6, Blue 2, Red 40, Yellow 5). HILL’S SCIENCE DIET ORIGINAL INGREDIENTS: Ground Whole Grain Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Soybean Meal, Animal Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Soybean Oil, Chicken Liver Flavor, Flaxseed, Iodized Salt, vitamins (L-Ascorbyl2-Polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement), Dried Chicken Cartilage, Choline Chloride, Vitamin E Supplement, Taurine, Potassium Chloride, minerals (Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), L-Carnitine, preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Citric Acid, BetaCarotene, Rosemary Extract. There are many excellent choices of dog food available today also. Choose by process of elimination and decide by personal preference. They are my picks, after doing a lot of reading, research and comparisons, and are my top ranked dog foods. That is not to say these are the only top 10 rated dog foods available, but more a personal choice of 10 of

3 the best out of many. This also may change due to further recalls, changes in production or other criteria and I will change the list at those times. http://recipes4gourmetdogs.com/bad-dog-food-ingredients/

Bad Dog Food Ingredients | Worst Dog Food Explained
INGREDIENTS TO AVOID IN COMMERCIAL DOG FOOD BEEF AND BONE MEAL – (protein source): A byproduct made from beef parts which are not suitable for human consumption. It can incorporate the entire cow, including the bones, but the quality cuts of meat are always removed. This is an inexpensive, low quality ingredient used to boost the protein percentage. MEAT BY-PRODUCT – (protein source): Pet grade meat by-products consist of organs and parts either not desired, or condemned, for human consumption. This can include bones, blood, intestines, lungs, ligaments, heads, feet, and feathers. – This can also include the dreaded 4 D’s – (Dead, dying, diseased or dying prior to slaughter). The animal parts used can be obtained from any source, so there is no control over quality or contamination. Any kind of animal can be included: goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. road kill, animals euthanized at shelters and so on. It can also include pus, cancerous tissue, and decomposed (spoiled) tissue. MEAT AND BONE MEAL – (protein source): The animal parts used can be obtained from any source, so there is no control over quality or contamination. Any kind of animal can be included: “4-D animals” (dead, diseased, disabled, or dying prior to slaughter), goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. road kill, animals euthanized at shelters and so on. It can also include pus, cancerous tissue, and decomposed (spoiled) tissue. BEEF TALLOW – (fat source): Used to make lower quality dog foods palatable, instead of using quality fat sources such as nutritionally rich chicken fat, or human grade vegetable oil. ANIMAL FAT – (fat source): Animal fat is a “generic” fat source that is most often made up of rendered animal fat, restaurant grease, or other oils too rancid or deemed inedible for humans. Look for a named fat source, such as poultry or chicken fat that is naturally preserved. CORN – (filler/fibre source/vegetable): *NOTE: no redeemable nutritious value in any dog food listing this as their first ingredient. It is useless filler that is a known cause of allergies and is difficult for dogs to digest. CORN OR WHEAT GLUTEN MEAL – (Binder): This is the remainder of the corn after the best parts of the corn have been removed. It does absolutely nothing for the animal and actually is difficult to digest and is used as a cheap


WHEAT FLOUR – (fibre source): Wheat is the leading cause of dog allergies. Absolutely useless with no nutritional value whatsoever. This is the fine particles of wheat bran, wheat germ, and the offal from the “tail of the mill.” “Tail of the mill” means the floor sweepings of leftovers in the mill after everything has been processed from the wheat. FOOD FRAGMENTS – (filler/fibre source/carbohydrate source): Low cost by-products and left overs from another food manufacturing process. Examples include WHEAT MIDDLINGS AND SHORTS, (Floor sweepings) , WHEAT GERM MEAL, WHEAT BRAN and BREWER’S RICE (a waste product of the alcohol industry). Also look for and avoid fragments which are labeled POTATO PRODUCT, MIDDLINGS/MIDS or MILL RUN of any kind. Unspecified grain sources like: CEREAL FOOD FINES, CORN BRAN, OAT HULLS, RICE HULLS,PEANUT HULLS, DISTILLERS GRAIN FERMENTATION SOLUBLES , and last but not least CELLULOSE (which is wood which is dried and ground up) *NOTE: These ingredients listed above are all ALLOWED AS ACCEPTABLE INGREDIENTS IN THE AAFCO GUIDELINES!!!!!!

4 SOY FLOUR – (filler/carbohydrate): Another cheap allergy causing ingredient used as a filler. This is the leftover “dust” after the healthy cleaned and dehulled soybeans are processed. Sometimes sweepings from the factory floor. BREWER’S RICE – (carbohydrate source): A cheap substitute for whole grain rice. SUGAR – (flavour soure): Also listed as Cane molasses, corn syrup in any form, sugar, sorbitol, sucrose, fructose, glucose, ammoniated glycyrrhizin, propylene glycol.) : Useless, unnecessary and adds empty calories. Bad ingredients used by companies to make food more palatable to the animals if the ingredients themselves aren’t enough to make the dog or cat actually want to eat it. Used to cover up rotten and rancid foods, and is known to cause hypoglycemia, obesity, nervousness, cataracts, tooth decay, arthritis and allergies. ANIMAL DIGEST – (flavoring agent): Unspecified parts of unspecified animals, cooked down into a goopy broth (rendered) and used as a spray on or added directly to the food. The grease that rises to the top is used as a source of fat and the rest of the mash is dried and used as “meat meal”. No quality control is used and this can include “4-D animals” (dead, diseased, disabled, or dying prior to slaughter), goats, pigs, horses, rats, misc. road kill, animals euthanized at shelters, restaurant and supermarket refuse and so on.
ABOUT THE RENDERING PROCESS: All these undesirable ingredients & by products are “denatured” before rendering. Denaturing is spraying crude carbolic acid, cresylic disinfectant or citronella on these dregs. (*NOTE: THESE DENATURING PRODUCTS ARE TOXIC.)

COLOURING (Blue 2, Red 40, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Titanium Dioxide): Any colouring is completely unnecessary and should be avoided. Your dog doesn’t care about the pretty coloured shapes, and artificial dyes and coloring agents are known cancer causing agent, and also causes allergies. Used in “junk dog food”. PROPYLENE GLYCOL - (additive): Used in antifreeze solutions, in hydraulic fluids, and as a solvent. May be toxic if consumed in large amounts, and should definitely not be an ingredient in a food an animal will eat daily for weeks, months or even years of its life. This is not allowed for use in Europe as the findings have shown it to be dangerous. BHA (Butylated Hydroxysanisole), BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene), and ETHOXYQUIN (Preservatives): Banned from human use in many countries but still permitted in the US. Possible human carcinogen, apparently carcinogenic in animal experiments. Ethoxyquin has also been used as a pesticide for fruit. It has never been proven to be safe for the lifespan of a companion animal. It has been linked to thyroid, kidney, reproductive and immune related illnesses as well as cancer. HYDROCHLORIC ACID: Used in Kibbles n Bits – I really can’t find out why they use it but it is a caustic chemical agent used in the production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes. Hydrochloric acid can cause immediate pain and burns of the mouth, throat, esophagus and gastrointestinal tract. Simple common sense would indicate not to use this as a pet food ingredient! *NOTE: MENADIONE SODIUM BISULFITE This synthetic version of vitamin K has not been specifically approved for long term use, such as in pet food. It has been linked to many serious health issues. If you are not aware of this, it sounds like one of the healthy vitamins, but beware. The MSDS guide states: “Potential Chronic Health Effects: CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: 3 (Not classifiable for humans) by IARC. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells.

The substance is toxic to kidneys, lungs, liver, and mucous membranes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.” Here are some examples of foods rated on this scale: The good, the bad and the ugly. • • • • • • • GOOD EXAMPLES Orijen – Score 138 = A+ Acana Grain Free – 134 = A+ Wellness Core – 130 = A+ Newman’s Own Organics – Score 122 = A+ Natural Balance Organics – Score 123 = A+ Blue Buffalo – Score 124 = A + • • • • • • BAD EXAMPLES Ol Roy – Score 60 = FAIL Science Diet – Score 69 FAIL Kibbles N Bits – Score 50 FAIL Pedigree Lamb and Rice – 50 FAIL Purina Beneful – Score 17 FAIL


This is only a small list for comparison purposes only. Sadly there are still many low qualities, unhealthy and dangerous dog foods full of chemicals still available. These companies can advertise their cheap foods as 100% nutritionally complete as they only need to meet minimal standards of nutrition, not optimum. http://recipes4gourmetdogs.com/orijen-dog-food-review/

ORIJEN Grain Free Dog Food – Reviewed and Recommended
REASONS FOR RECOMMENDING ORIJEN AS my # 1 Pick for BEST DOG FOOD: My Orijen dog food review starts with: About Orijen dog food ingredients: Food used in this product is fit for human consumption No Outsourcing (100% China free) Biologically appropriate (Orijen mimics the natural diet wild predecessors) Fresh and Regional Ingredients only NO Chemical preservatives (BHA, BHT, or Ethoxyquin) Fresh and Regional Ingredients Use of fresh regional ingredients, which are delivered daily to the production plant is the number one reason for this pick of best dog food. The food used in Orijen has been approved “fit for human consumption,” by the Government of Canada. Orijen uses free range poultry, wild caught fresh fish delivered daily, and free range red meats. Fresh means no processing, never frozen, and preservative free. Meat and Protein Rich Orijen uses a “Top Five” Ingredients philosophy, meaning the first 5 ingredients in every kibble is animal based. This is a high protein, No grain product, all in a Biologically Appropriate ratio of 80 percent meat, 20 percent fruits and vegetables, and zero grain. (80.20.0). Orijen is meat concentrated, and protein rich, as by all scientific standards, and evolutionary history, as dog is a domesticated wolf. ADULT Formula: Top Five = Boneless chicken, chicken meal, boneless salmon, turkey meal, herring meal. 6 FISH Formula: Top Five = Boneless salmon, salmon meal, herring meal, boneless herring, boneless walleye. REIONAL RED Formula: Top Five = Boneless wild boar, deboned lamb, beef liver, deboned pork, lamb meal. Some vets will tell you that high protein diets are harmful for your dog, but they are not educated in animal nutrition during veterinary school. Multi-national and marketing companies for low protein, high grain based dog foods, of course want to keep this myth intact.

Carbohydrate Limited Today’s conventional pet foods are lower in protein and high in carbohydrates (40-50%). As carbohydrates are not part of the natural diet, it should come as no surprise that carbohydrates are not required (in any amount) by dogs and cats. Orijen takes this philosophy seriously, and have won numerous awards. Grain-free Orijen is free of cereal grains, and the carbohydrates are derived from fruits and vegetables. Carbohydrates are limited to 20% of the overall product, to better match the natural diet. Grain free for the specific reason that grains are not necessary, and used in lower end pet foods as a cheap filler, which ultimately causes long term illnesses and weight problems. (diabetes, allergies) No Plant Oils Dogs and cats are meat eaters. Fats from animals, not plants are essential for their peak health. Dogs are efficient at digesting animal fats, as opposed to humans.


6 Animal fat does not cause high cholesterol or heart disease in dogs, but metabolizes as useful energy, providing healthy skin and coat, healthy immune function, and regulates the inflammation processes. Fruits and Vegetables Wild canids including wolves, coyotes and fox eat fruit throughout the summer which provides vitamins, enzymes, anti oxidants and phytochemicals. They also eat grass which cleans the digestive tract. Conventional dog food features small fraction of fruit and vegetables (and high cereal grain content), Orijen features 20-25% of fruit and veggies. Fruits and vegetables are also produced locally, and used fresh. Sweet Potatoes from Idaho Russet Potatoes from Southern Manitoba Red Delicious Apples from Okanagan Valley, B.C. Sun Cured Alfalfa from Southern Alberta prairies Cranberries from Fraser Valley, B.C. Organic Kelp from Vancouver, B.C. Green Peas from Saskatchewan Whole Carrots from B.C. and Alberta Tomatoes from B.C. and Alberta Pumpkins from Eastern Canada Turnip Greens from B.C and Saskatchewan Spinach from B.C Health-promoting Botanicals Botanicals are part of the natural diet, acting as tonics and builders to help strengthen organs and tissues in specific parts of the body. Botanicals support the digestion process and help the body eliminate toxins by stimulating physiological processes, such as the cleansing of the liver. The daily consumption of botanicals helps the body heal itself naturally, keeping it functioning in a healthy and happy manner. Mineral Balance Orijen uses deboned meat specifically to moderate the calcium and phosphorus and keep the minerals naturally balanced. Rather than relying on conventional or commodity meat meals as the source of animal protein, ORIJEN uses the highest ratios of fresh, boneless meats that are low in mineral content. Chicken, turkey and fish meals in ORIJEN are custom prepared, especially for Champion Petfoods, to utilize a much lower ratio of bones to flesh, thereby reducing the mineral content and improving the protein quality. No outsourcing of products, production or imported goods are used. (Absolutely 100% China free) Most companies still outsource vitamins from China.


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