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Outline of humanism
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Outline of humanism List of humanists History
Renaissance humanism Humanism in Germany Humanism in France Humanist Manifesto
Council for Secular Humanism A Secular Humanist Declaration Amsterdam Declaration
1 What type of thing is humanism? 2 Branches of humanism 3 Humanist positions .Organizations International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) American Humanist Association British Humanist Association National Secular Society Related articles Ethical culture Marxist humanism Deistic humanism Cosmic humanism Existential humanism Rationalist humanism Integral humanism Transhumanism Personism Posthumanism Antihumanism Philosophy portal V T E The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to humanism: Contents [hide] 1 What is humanism? o 1.
2 Secular humanist beliefs 7 Humanist ethics o 7. over established doctrine or faith (fideism).2. Two common forms of humanism are religious humanism and secular humanism.1 Leaders in humanism 11. and generally prefers individual thought and evidence (rationalism. empiricism).2 Other notable humanists 12 Related philosophies 13 See also 14 References 15 External links What is humanism? Humanism – group of philosophies and ethical perspectives which emphasize the value and agency of human beings. .1 Religious humanist beliefs 6.2 Secular humanist positions 3.2 Rejects 4 Manifestos and statements setting out humanist viewpoints 5 History of humanism 6 Humanist beliefs o o 6. individually and collectively.1 Humanist virtues and values 8 Humanist culture 9 General concepts pertaining to and embraced by humanism 10 Organizations 11 Humanists o o 11.1 Supports 3.1.1 Religious humanist positions o 3.o 3.2 Rejects 3. What type of thing is humanism? Humanism can be described as all of the following: Approach – manner in which a problem is solved or policy is made.1.2.1 Supports 3.
whilst specifically rejecting religious dogma. mind. Buddhist humanism – philosophical perspective based on the teaching of inherent dignity of all human beings. to contribute to the welfare of society. social justice and philosophical naturalism. or a fairly broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject. values. Social movement – type of group action. humanism is expressed on the individual level through action: to “relieve sufferings and impart joy”. interests. it carries out. Humanistic Judaism – movement in Judaism that offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life. supernaturalism. A large informal grouping of individuals or organization which focuses on specific political or social issues. the teachings of Jesus Christ. In other words. and abilities. and acting for world peace. In practical terms. Secular humanism – philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason. Christian existential humanism – theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology. their potential for attaining highest wisdom about their condition   and their essential nature of altruism exemplified by the Bodhisattva spirit of compassion. such as those connected with reality. It defines Judaism as the cultural and historical experience of the Jewish people and encourages humanistic and secular Jews to celebrate their Jewish identity by participating in Jewish holidays and life cycle events (such as weddings and bar and bat mitzvah) with inspirational ceremonies that draw upon but go beyond traditional literature. existence. Ethical movement – Philosophical movement – either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy. resists or undoes a social change. It regards humanist principles like universal human dignity and individual freedom and the primacy of human happiness as essential and principal components of. Branch of philosophy – study of general and fundamental problems. and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical. Christian humanism – emphasizes the humanity of Jesus. ethics. pseudoscience or . abiding by the attitude of nonviolence  supporting human rights. or at least compatible with. his social teachings and his propensity to synthesize human spirituality and materialism. knowledge. reason. Branches of humanism Religious humanism – philosophy that integrates secular ethics with religious rituals and beliefs that center on human needs. effectively advocating the concept of global citizenship. generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument.
striving to become posthuman. According to transhumanist thinkers. "man". Renaissance humanism – Transhumanism – international intellectual and cultural movement that affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual. and practices in the realm of social theory and philosophy which respond critically to traditional humanism or to traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition. should be rejected as historically relative or metaphysical.superstition as the basis of morality and decision making. beliefs. It has at least 5 contexts. and psychological capacities. or "humanity". Posthumanism – "after humanism" or "beyond humanism". specifically with a capital H to distinguish it from other forms of humanism Personism – ethical philosophy of personhood as typified by the thought of the preference utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer. physical. a posthuman is a hypothetical future being "whose basic capacities so radically exceed those of present humans as to be no longer unambiguously human by our current standards. That is. Central to antihumanism is the view that concepts of "human nature"." Humanist Religious Supports Rejects Secular Supports logic positions humanist positions humanist positions scientific skepticism scientific method rationalism empiricism . Alternatively known by some adherents as Humanism. It amounts to a branch of secular humanism with an emphasis on certain rights-criteria. and may refer to: Ideas concerning the Posthuman condition – Cultural posthumanism – Philosophical posthumanism – Transhumanism – (see below) Antihumanism – set of ideas.
It was an influential strand of conservative thought up to the 1930s.Humanistic Religious Association formed in London 1900 to the 1930s – New Humanism developed by the American scholar Irving Babbitt and the scholar and journalist Paul Elmer More. humanitarianism human rights Naturalism (philosophy) secularism Rejects revelation mysticism divinity tradition authoritarianism extreme skepticism faith Manifestos and statements setting out humanist viewpoints Humanist Manifesto Amsterdam Declaration 2002 A Secular Humanist Declaration History of humanism Main article: History of humanism Greek roots Democracy Free thinking Greek philosophy Renaissance humanism 1853 .First Humanist Society of New York 1930 .American Humanist Association founded By region .Humanism: A New Religion published 1933 . 1929 .Humanist Manifesto published 1941 .
Humanism in Germany Humanism in France Humanist Religious Secular Agnosticism– Atheism– Evolution– beliefs humanist beliefs humanist beliefs Humanist Humanist Common good– Compassion– Creativity– Empiricism– Experience– ethics virtues and values Experimentation– Freethought– Human dignity– Humanitarianism– Human rights– Imagination– Justice– Knowledge– Nature– Observation– Personal liberty– Rationality– Reason– Scientific method– Social responsibility Humanist culture .
The principle is conceptually similar to a civil wedding ceremony as an alternative to a religious wedding ceremony. a world body of Humanist organizations. and has been adopted by many Humanist organisations and individuals worldwide. generally referred to as "celebrants". and other life ceremonies for those who do not want a traditional religious ceremony. These agents. funerals. General concepts pertaining to and embraced by humanism Other humanist terms include: Ecosphere (global ecosystem)– Ethical– Ethics– Evolutionary Humanism– Life stance– Non-theistic– Rationalism– Scientific skepticism– Secular– . perform weddings. Symbols Happy Human (pictured) – icon and the official symbol of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU). Humanist baby naming – some humanists perform a naming ceremony as a non-religious alternative to ceremonies such as christening. and other rituals. child namings. coming of age ceremonies.The "Happy Human" Ceremonies and services Celebrancy – movement to provide agents to officiate at ceremonies often reserved in law to clergy or officers of the courts. Humanist officiant – person who performs secular humanist celebrancy services for weddings. funerals.
C.Organizations American Humanist Association – British Humanist Association – Council for Secular Humanism – Human-Etisk Forbund – the Norwegian Humanist Association Humanist Association of Canada – Humanist Association of Ireland – Humanist International – Humanist Movement – Humanist Party – Humanist Society of Scotland – Institute for Humanist Studies – International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) – National Secular Society – Rationalist International – Sidmennt – Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association For more organizations see Category:Humanist associations Humanists Main article: List of humanists Leaders in humanism People who have made a major impact on the development or advancement of humanism: Charles Francis Potter – Julian Huxley – John Dewey – Albert Einstein – Thomas Mann – F. Schiller – Raymond B. Bragg – Roy Wood Sellars – Isaac Asimov – Kurt Vonnegut – .S.
Other notable humanists Phillip Adams – Steve Allen – Sir Arthur C. Wilson – Related Empiricism – philosophies Extropianism – Freethought – Infinitism – Objectivism[disambiguation needed] – Philosophical naturalism – Pragmatism – . M. Clarke – Richard Dawkins – Gareth Evans – Richard Feynman – Tim Flannery – E. Forster (see in particular "What I believe")– William Hayden – Thomas Jefferson – Paul Kurtz – Philip Nitschke – Philip Pullman – Gene Roddenberry – Bertrand Russell – Carl Sagan – John Ralston Saul – Michael Shermer – Peter Singer – Barbara Smoker – Ibn Warraq – Robyn Williams – E. O.
which are considered to be concerned more with his structural conception of capitalist society.buddhanetz. especially the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 in which Marx espoused his theory of alienation. "Secular Humanism is an outgrowth of eighteenth century enlightenment rationalism and nineteenth century freethought. American Humanist Association.or.edu/cu/buddhism/document/tc1996. humanistic psychology is not so much a discipline within psychology as a perspective on the human condition that informs psychological research and practice. 4.htm ^ http://www.org/lib/authors/jones/wheel285. page 4 ^ http://www. 6. While humanistic psychology is a specific division within the American Psychological Association.pdf ^ http://www.uthumanist.pdf ^ http://www. Deistic humanism – Cosmic humanism – Existential humanism – Integral humanism – References 1.org/about. 5. 2.daisakuikeda.org/main/philos/buddhist/buddh-05..edu/syllabi/g/gier/306/gbnd.or. Fred (1989).jp/0515/ikeda_unger. ^ http://www. Social psychology – Marxist humanism – branch of Marxism that primarily focuses on Marx's earlier writings. and adopts a holistic approach to human existence which pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity. 9..org/texte/rights. "What Is Humanism?". 7.columbia.wabash.html ^ http://www. free will. It holds that people are inherently good. as opposed to his later works. Secular and Religious Humanists both share the same . and human potential.com/2011/02/secular-ethics-necessary-for-world.accesstoinsight. Rationalism – Rationalist movement – Secularism – See also Humanistic psychology – branch of psychology that emphasizes an individual's inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity.pdf 10. Retrieved 200908-19. 8.Kawada1.wabashcenter. ^ Edwords.pdf.html ^ http://www.iop. 3.jp/1121/Journal21_Y.iop.html ^ http://zenbuddhisttemple.html ^ http://www.
" 12. ^ World Transhumanist Association (2002-2005). Oderberg 15. there is no difference between the two. Retrieved 2006-08-27. by Gordon R.. Retrieved 2007-01-16. ^ Humanism and Personism: The false philosophy of Peter Singer. "Taking Humanism Beyond Speciesism".worldview and the same basic principles. ^ Compact Oxford English dictionary. ^ Singer. "humanism n. It is only in the definition of religion and in the practice of the philosophy that Religious and Secular Humanists effectively disagree. 13. by David S." 11. From the standpoint of philosophy alone. The transhumanist FAQ. ^ Applied ethics: a non-consequentialist approach. . ^ "Definitions of humanism (subsection)". Peter (Oct/Nov 2004). Institute for Humanist Studies. 17. by Jenny Teichman 16. Oxford University Press. ^ Rethinking Peter Singer: a Christian Critique. Free Inquiry 24 (6): 19– 21.. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 1 a rationalistic system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. 2007. Preece 14.
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