Design Report

AREA DEFENSE FRIGATE
VT Total Ship Systems Engineering

ADF Design 95 Ocean Engineering Design Project AOE 4065/4066 Fall 2006 – Spring 2007 Virginia Tech Team 5
Lawrence Snyder Anne-Marie Sattler Michael Kipp – Team Leader Jason Eberle William Downing ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ 23822 25979 19153 25985 25984

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Executive Summary

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This report describes the Concept Exploration and Development of an Area Defense Frigate (ADF) for the United States Navy. This concept design was completed in a two-semester ship design course at Virginia Tech. The ADF requirement is based on the Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) and the Virginia Tech ADF Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM), Appendix A and Appendix B. Concept Exploration trade-off studies and design space exploration are accomplished using a MultiObjective Genetic Optimization (MOGO) after significant technology research and definition. Objective attributes for this optimization are cost, risk (technology, cost, schedule and performance) and military effectiveness. The product of this optimization is a series of cost-risk-effectiveness frontiers which are used to select alternative designs and define key performance parameters and a cost threshold based on the customer’s preference. ADF 95 is a monohull design selected from the high end of the non-dominated frontier with high levels of cost, risk, and effectiveness. The wave-piercing tumblehome hull form of ADF 95 reduces radar cross-section and resistance in waves. The monohull design provides sufficient displacement and large-object space for a 32 cell Vertical Launch System. ADF 95 also provides significant surface combatant capability for a relatively low cost compared to DD1000 and CGX in addition to being a force multiplier. ADF 95 is capable of reaching a sustained speed of nearly 32 knots. This speed is achieved using an Integrated Power System (IPS) drive system that incorporates two pods, two gas turbines, and two diesel generators. Concept Development included hull form development and analysis for intact and damage stability, structural finite element analysis, propulsion and power system development and arrangement, general arrangements, machinery arrangements, combat system definition and arrangement, seakeeping analysis, cost and producibility analysis and risk analysis. The final concept design satisfies critical key performance parameters in the Capability Development Document (CDD) within cost and risk constraints.

Ship Characteristic LWL Beam Draft D10 Lightship weight Full load weight Sustained Speed Endurance Speed Endurance Range Propulsion and Power

BHP Personnel OMOE (Effectiveness) OMOR (Risk) Lead Ship Acquisition Cost Follow Ship Acquisition Cost Life-Cycle Cost ASW/MCM system NSFS/ASUW system AAW system CCC GMLS LAMPS

Value 139.0 m 17.18 m 5.81 m 12.51 m 5483 MT 6530 MT 31.8 knots 20.0 knots 5362 nm 2 Pods IPS 2 x LM2500+ GTG, 1 x ICR 2 x CAT3608 IL8 DG 66687 kW 246 0.841 0.509 $919.4M $642.0M $1.12B SQS-56, SQQ 89, 2 x MK 32 Triple Tubes, NIXIE, SQR-19 TACTAS MK 3 57 mm gun, MK86 GFCS, SPS-73(V)12, 1 RHIB, Small Arms Locker SPY-3 (3 panel), AEGIS MK 99 FCS Enhanced CCC 32 cells, MK41 Embarked 2 x LAMPS w/ Hangar

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Table of Contents

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.........................................................................................................................................................................................2 TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................................................................................................................3 1 INTRODUCTION, DESIGN PROCESS AND PLAN................................................................................................................................5

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
2

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................5 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY, PROCESS, AND PLAN ..................................................................................................5 WORK BREAKDOWN .....................................................................................................................................9 RESOURCES ..................................................................................................................................................9 CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS ............................................................................................................................9 CAPABILITY GAPS ......................................................................................................................................10 PROJECTED OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (POE) AND THREAT ................................................................10 SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND MISSIONS ........................................................................................................11 MISSION SCENARIOS ..................................................................................................................................12 REQUIRED OPERATIONAL CAPABILITIES ....................................................................................................13

MISSION DEFINITION ................................................................................................................................................................................9

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6
3

CONCEPT EXPLORATION ......................................................................................................................................................................15

3.1 TRADE-OFF STUDIES, TECHNOLOGIES, CONCEPTS AND DESIGN VARIABLES .............................................15 3.1.1 Hull Form Alternatives .................................................................................................................15 3.1.2 Propulsion and Electrical Machinery Alternatives.......................................................................16 3.1.3 Automation and Manning Parameters ..........................................................................................20 3.1.4 Combat System Alternatives..........................................................................................................21 3.2 DESIGN SPACE ............................................................................................................................................36 3.3 SHIP SYNTHESIS MODEL.............................................................................................................................38 3.4 OBJECTIVE ATTRIBUTES .............................................................................................................................41 3.4.1 Overall Measure of Effectiveness (OMOE) ..................................................................................41 3.4.2 Overall Measure of Risk (OMOR) ................................................................................................46 3.4.3 Cost ...............................................................................................................................................48 3.5 MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION .............................................................................................................49 3.6 OPTIMIZATION RESULTS .............................................................................................................................50 3.7 BASELINE CONCEPT DESIGN ......................................................................................................................50 3.8 ASSET FINAL CONCEPT BASELINE ............................................................................................................53
4 CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT (FEASIBILITY STUDY) ........................................................................................................................58

4.1 PRELIMINARY ARRANGEMENT (CARTOON) ................................................................................................58 4.2 DESIGN FOR PRODUCIBILITY ......................................................................................................................59 4.3 HULL FORM AND DECK HOUSE ..................................................................................................................61 4.3.1 Hullform........................................................................................................................................61 4.3.2 Deck House ...................................................................................................................................62 4.4 STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS ........................................................................................................62 4.4.1 Procedure......................................................................................................................................62 4.4.2 Materials and Geometry ...............................................................................................................64 4.4.3 Loads.............................................................................................................................................65 4.4.4 Adequacy.......................................................................................................................................67 4.5 POWER AND PROPULSION ...........................................................................................................................70 4.5.1 Resistance .....................................................................................................................................70 4.5.2 Propulsion.....................................................................................................................................71 4.5.3 Electric Load Analysis (ELA)........................................................................................................72 4.5.4 Fuel Calculation ...........................................................................................................................73 4.6 MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS .................................................................................................74 4.6.1 Integrated Power System (IPS) .....................................................................................................74 4.6.2 Service and Auxiliary Systems ......................................................................................................75 4.6.3 Ship Service Electrical Distribution..............................................................................................75

...................10.........111 APPENDIX G – WEIGHTS AND CENTERS............3 6 ASSESSMENT ................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Weights...................92 APPENDIX B – ACQUISITION DECISION MEMORANDUM (ADM)...................................................................................................................................................................8........................................................115 APPENDIX I – MATHCAD MODELS.................................................................................2 5........................11 SEAKEEPING .............................................................................................................90 REFERENCES...................................................86 4...................................................................................................................................................................................12 COST ANALYSIS ....10.................................8...................................................................................................................................85 4...........................................78 4..............................................................................................................................90 CONCLUSIONS ..................................................................................................................................2 Main and Auxiliary Machinery Spaces and Machinery Arrangement ....................................................................................................................................................................1 Volume ................................................2 Loading Conditions........................................................................................77 4.....................................................................................................90 5..................................97 APPENDIX D – LOWER LEVEL PAIR-WISE COMPARISON RESULTS...............................................................ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 4 4...........................7 MANNING ......9.......107 APPENDIX F – MACHINERY EQUIPMENT LIST.........84 4.........................................................................................................................................................................86 4......................................................................76 4..........................................................96 APPENDIX C – CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT DOCUMENT (CDD).....................113 APPENDIX H – SSCS SPACE SUMMARY..............90 FUTURE WORK ...............................................................8.....................................84 4.......................................3 Internal Arrangements ....................88 4...................................................................................................................1 Intact Stability..............................................9 WEIGHTS AND LOADING ..80 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................84 4............................................................................................................................................................................83 4.........1 5............9...............................101 APPENDIX E – ASSET DATA SUMMARIES ............10 HYDROSTATICS AND STABILITY ....................................................................................................................................................8.......................................................8 SPACE AND ARRANGEMENTS ........2 Damage Stability.......................................................................................................................................................................91 APPENDIX A – INITIAL CAPABILITIES DOCUMENT (ICD) .........................................................................................................76 4......................................................................................117 ....................................8.........4 Living Arrangements...87 4.....................89 5 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK.........5 External Arrangements .....................................................................

1. II. Design Process and Plan Page 5 1. force protection and awareness at sea. Expeditionary Strike Group (ESG). ISR. and finally a final concept. existing ships. Force Protection and Battlespace Awareness. and Virginia Tech ADF Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM). It is expected that 20 ships of this type will be built with IOC in 2015. This report will focus on Concept Exploration and Concept Development.1 Introduction This report describes the concept exploration and development of an Area Defense Frigate (ADF) for the United States Navy. technology and consequently the determination of need for new ship designs or characteristics. This means the ADF must provide force application from the sea. IV. and protection of homeland and critical bases from the sea. Appendix A and Appendix B. the Detail . a reduction in signature. From this stage. III. The next stage is Concept Development where the concept is developed and matured to reduce risk and clarify cost. With regards to a Navy ship design. and enhanced seaborne positioning of joint assets The new ADF will have the same modular systems as LCS in addition to core capabilities with AAW/BMD (with queuing) and blue/green water ASW. Convoy Surface Action Group (SAG) Independent Ops Homeland Defense / Interdiction I. The lead ship acquisition cost of the new frigate must be no more than $1B and the follow-ship acquisition cost shall not exceed $700M. and counter threats Sea Base: accelerated deployment and employment time. the Preliminary Design is created. and time-sensitive strikes Sea Shield: project defense around allies. The ADF must perform the following missions: Table 1– Missions ADF Required Missions Escort: Carrier Strike Group (CSG). The platforms must be highly producible with minimum time from concept to delivery to the fleet.ADF Design – VT Team 5 1 Introduction. The exploratory design stage will lead to a baseline design. maneuverability. The Concept of Operations (CONOPS) identifies seven critical US military operational goals. feasibility studies. There should be minimum manning. exploit control of seas. There should be maximum system commonality with LCS and the platforms should be able to operate within current logistics support capabilities. MCG. • • • Sea Strike: strategic agility. This concept design was completed in a two-semester ship design course at Virginia Tech. The ADF must provide and support the joint functional areas: Force Application. The next stage is contract design where a full set of drawings and specifications are made to the required level of detail to contract and acquire ships. and Plan The design process for the ADF is broken down into the 5 distinct stages in Figure 1. littoral sea control. Finally. Process. The ADF requirement is based on the ADF Initial Capabilities Document (ICD).2 Design Philosophy. and the Inter-service and Allied C4/I (inter-operability) must be considered. • Protecting critical bases of operations • Assuring information systems • Protecting and sustaining US forces while defeating denial threats • Denying enemy sanctuary by persistent surveillance • Tracking and rapid engagement • Enhancing space systems • Leveraging information technology The US Navy plans to support these goals by building a sufficient number of ships to provide warfighting capabilities in the following areas. there is also an on-going mission or market analysis of threat. Exploratory design is an ongoing process and is the assessment of new and existing technologies and the integration of these technologies in the ship design.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 6 Design is performed by the ship builder where the process and details necessary to build the design are developed. From the non-dominated frontier the design detail is expanded and the risk is minimized with additional analysis in concept development. The design strategy is presented in Figure 2. Figure 2 – Design Strategy . a multi-objective optimization with millions of possible different designs is conducted. The selection of technical alternatives is narrowed down to a set of non-dominated designs. Exploratory Design Concept Development Preliminary Design Contract Design Detail Design Exploratory Design Mission or Market Analysis Concept and Requirements Exploration Concept Baseline Concept Development and Feasibility Studies Final Concept Technology Development Figure 1 – Design stages. To do this. where the diagram is read from left to right. First a broad perspective is taken where the whole design space is looked at with a broad range of cost. The designs are sorted through the funnel and narrowed down to a non-dominated frontier. The entire engineering process can take 15 to 20 years. and then some of the non-dominated designs are selected for further consideration. risk and technical alternatives.

The mission description is expanded into a detailed description that can be used in developing effectiveness metrics for engineering purposes. Next. and Design Variables are included in the synthesis model and the model is then evaluated with a design of experiments (DOE) with variable screening and exploration. the Measures of Performance (MOPs). From the mission description. the MOPs are put into an Overall Measure of Effectiveness model (OMOE). and determines some subset of technology development. The Risk. and the alternative technologies that are able to achieve the necessary capabilities are identified. From the non-dominated fronteir. Design Space. The alternative technologies have certain levels of risk associated with them because there are many unknowns.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 7 Figure 3 shows the concept and requirements exploration process. effectiveness and risk of alternative designs. Cost. For their design. Effectiveness. cost. concept baseline designs are selected for each team based on “knees” in the graph.Variable Screening & Exploration MOGO Search Design Space Optimization Baseline Designs(s) Technologies Risk Model Physics Based Models Response Surface Models Feasibility Analysis Data Ship Acquisition Decision Capability Development Document Expert Opinion Ship Concept Baseline Design(s) Technology Selection Figure 3 – Concept and Requirements Exploration . a ship concept. each team creates a Capabilities Development Document (CDD) including Key Performance Parameters (KPPs). MOPs Effectiveness Model Cost Model Production Strategy Initial Capabilities Document ADM / AOA ROCs DVs Define Design Space Synthesis Model DOE . Ultimately the Multi-Objective Genetic Optimization (MOGO) is used to search the design space for a non-dominated frontier of designs using the Ship Synthesis model to assess the feasibility. Then the Design Variables (DVs) and the Design Space are defined from the design possibilities. the Required Operational Capabilities (ROCs). the Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM) and the Analysis of Alternatives (AOA) guidance. The process begins with the Initial Capabilities Document (ICD).

A number of steps are taken in a spiral-like process where the concept is revised and the spiral is re-traveled until converging to a refined design. resistance and power. Figure 5 shows that once hull geometry is developed. hull mechanical and electrical (HM&E). The baseline design is based on concept exploration. For this ship process. the Capabilities Development Document (CDD) and a selection of technologies. general arrangements. Figure 4 – Idealized Concept Development Design Spiral The real design spiral is never as smooth as presented in Figure 4. seakeeping and maneuvering. machinery arrangements. it is communicated to the structures. If there are things that need to be changed then the spiral must be traveled again. The process is very similar to the traditional design spiral. structural design. Typical steps in the process are the development and assessment of hull geometry. and any inconsistencies will be noted for further evaluation. Often times the different departments communicate with each other a lot and build a complex network of communications between disciplines. manning and automation.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 8 After finishing concept and requirements exploration. Figure 5 – Concept Development Design Spiral . there may only be enough time to run through the design spiral once. concept development is started as shown in Figure 4. space and arrangements. and subdivision area and volume specialists. weights and stability. For example. and a final assessment of cost and risk.

HECSALV. In addition. Weights and Stability Combat Systems.4 Resources Computational and modeling tools used in this project are listed in Table 3. Propulsion and Resistance. Rhino ASSET Rhino HECSALV. Table 3 – Tools Software Package AutoCAD. Preliminary Arrangement. Manning and Automation. Electrical.1 Concept of Operations In Appendix A. Appendix A and Appendix B with elaboration and clarification obtained by discussion and correspondence with the customer. Subdivision Feasibility. The analyses that were completed are listed on the left and the software packages used are listed on the right. Cost & Risk. Effectiveness. Weights and Stability Name William Downing Jason Eberle Michael Kipp Anne-Marie Sattler Lawrence Snyder 1. Each student requested or was assigned areas of work according to his or her interests and special skills as listed in Table 2. the team leader is also in charge of keeping everything organized and keeping the team on schedule.ADF Design – VT Team 5 1. General & Machinery Arrangements. Mathcad Analysis Arrangement Drawings Baseline Concept Design Hull form Development Hydrostatics Resistance/Power Ship Motions Ship Synthesis Model Structure Model 2 Mission Definition The ADF requirement is based on the ADF Initial Capabilities Document (ICD). General & Machinery Arrangements Writer / Editor. The team leader is in charge of communications between team members and Virginia Tech faculty. Table 2 – Work Breakdown Specialization Propulsion and Resistance. Structures. and Virginia Tech ADF Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM). Structures. These tools simplified the ship design process and decreased the overall time. Seakeeping. 2. Fortran MAESTRO. Producibility Hull Form.3 Work Breakdown Page 9 ADF Team 5 consists of five students from Virginia Tech. Their applications are presented in Sections 3 and 4. Rhino Marine Mathcad SMP Model Center. the 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review identifies seven critical US military operational goals: • • • • • • • Protecting critical bases of operations Assuring information systems Protecting and sustaining US forces while defeating denial threats Denying enemy sanctuary by persistent surveillance Tracking and rapid engagement Enhancing space systems Leveraging information technology .

S. maintain and conduct operations with the most technologically advanced unmanned/remotely controlled tactical and C4/I reconnaissance vehicles. surveillance. and have the ability to remain invulnerable to enemy attack. SLQ-32V3 SQS-53C sonar. CIWS or CIGS 2xSH-60. 2xSH-60. increasing lethality” response to influence decisions of regional political powers. USVs and stern launch 2xSH-2G. Netfires 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Core AAW/BMD (with queuing) Core Blue/green water ASW Special-Mission Packages (MCM. 2xSH-2G. national security interests exist: I. and homeland defense. the naval forces must be predeployed and virtually on station in sufficient numbers around the world. mine detection sonar. maneuverability. independent operations. They must also have the ability to provide a “like-kind. Nulka/SRBOC. TACTAS. ISR. The Naval forces must also be able to support non-combatant and maritime interdiction operations in conjunction with national directives. Significant land based air assets d. SSTD 2xLCS Mission Packages with UAVs. This includes protection to friendly forces from enemy attack. surface action group (SAG). mine countermeasures. and time-sensitive strikes Sea Shield: project defense around allies. Special Forces) Core ISR Mobility Survivability and self-defense Maritime interdiction. 5000 nm. mine detection sonar. advanced C4I 35knt.3 Projected Operational Environment (POE) and Threat The shift in emphasis from global Super Power conflict to numerous regional conflicts requires increased flexibility to counter a variety of asymmetric threat scenarios which may rapidly develop. To accomplish this. Ships must be able to support. 2x. and peacetime presence. SUW. exploit control of seas. along with intelligence. and counter threats Sea Base: accelerated deployment and employment time. The Naval forces will be the first military forces on-scene and will have “staying and convincing” power to promote peace and prevent crisis escalation. ASW and ASUW defense. 60 days DDG1000 signatures. area defense. TACTAS. ASW. 3500 nm. USVs and UUVs. or the demonstrated interest in acquiring such a capability. humanitarian support and rescue. NIXIE. SSTD 1xLCS Mission Packages with UAVs. Threats from nations with either a significant military capability.2 Capability Gaps Table 4 lists the capability gap goals and thresholds given in Appendix A. NIXIE. SLQ-32V2 SQS-56 sonar. ASUW 2. Submarines . Two distinct classes of threats to the U. It will also provide mine countermeasures (MCM) and will support UAVs. ISR. 2x. 2. Within these operations the ship will provide area AAW. Naval forces must posses sufficient mobility and endurance to perform all missions on extremely short notice and at locations far removed from home port. littoral sea control. 57mm gun. CIWS or CIGS 2xSH-2G. Ballistic missiles b. and reconnaissance (ISR) and ballistic missile defense (BMD). 57mm gun. 45 days DDG-51 signatures. Nulka/SRBOC. Finally. unit self defense against littoral threats. Land and surface launched cruise missiles c.50 caliber guns Goal Systems SPY-3 w/64 cell VLS. advanced C4I 30knt. and enhanced seaborne positioning of joint assets Power Projection requires the execution and support of flexible strike missions and support of naval amphibious operations. full SS4. Expected operations include escort.50 caliber guns. They must also be flexible enough to support peacetime missions yet be able to provide instant wartime response should a crisis escalate.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 10 The US Navy plans to support these goals by building a sufficient number of ships to provide warfighting capabilities in the following areas: • • • Sea Strike: strategic agility. Table 4 – Capability Gaps Priority Capability Description Threshold Systems SPY-3 w/32 cell VLS. Specific weapons systems that could be encountered include: a. USVs and stern launch 2xSH-60. full SS5. The ship will also provide independent operations including support of special operations. and support of theatre ballistic missile defense.

power projection. and perpetrate activities which cause regional instabilities detrimental to international security and/or have the potential for development of nuclear weapons. moored and bottom) b. peace enforcement. ASW. independent operations. Unsophisticated and inexpensive passive weapons a. Threats from smaller nations who support. Cruise missiles like the Silkworm and Exocet b. chemical and nuclear weapons All-Weather Battle Group All-Weather Independent operations Many potentially unstable nations are located on or near geographically constrained (littoral) bodies of water. Surface Action Group (SAG) The ship may travel as part of a surface action group where it is not escorting an aircraft carrier or other ships. ASUW. A surface action group generally consists of two or more surface combatants and deploys for unique operations. Diesel/electric submarines b. Threats in such an environment include: I. DDGs and LCSs. and crisis response. . The ship will support ESGs in low to moderate threat environment by providing services such as human assistance. As part of a SAG. MCM. moored and bottom) The platform or system must be capable of operating in the following environments: • • • • • • • • • Open ocean and littoral Shallow and deep water Noisy and reverberation-limited Degraded radar picture Crowded shipping Dense contacts and threats with complicated targeting Biological. The ship will support CSGs by supporting flexible strike missions. and will provide AAW.4 Specific Operations and Missions The ADF is expected to perform operations including escort. Chemical and biological weapons 2.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 11 II. BMD. Diesel-electric submarines II. Specific weapons systems include: a. Mines (surface. Mines (surface. and fire support. maritime interdiction operations. such as augmenting military coverage in world regions. and homeland defense. Escort The ship will serve as an escort to protect aircraft carriers and other ships by traveling in convoy to provide direct support of Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and Expeditionary Strike Group (ESG). I. II. Land-launched attack aircraft c. Technologically advanced weapons a. surface action group (SAG). and ISR. and conducting exercises with allied forces. Fast gunboats armed with guns and smaller missiles d. providing forward presence. Land-based air assets c. promote. providing humanitarian assistance. the ship will travel with CGs.

The ship will also perform maritime interdiction operations (MIO) in wartime and peacetime including eliminating enemy’s surface military potential. Specific independent operations may also include humanitarian support and rescue and peacetime presence. the ship will perform military missions overseas including but not limited to AAW. ASW and ASUW. terrorist threats and illegal interactions at sea. ASW. USVs and UUVs. To accomplish this.ADF Design – VT Team 5 III. 2. IV. replenish and load AAW/ASW/ASUW/BMD modules Engage air threat for self defense Conduct AAW/ASW/ASUW/BMD operations Repairs/Port Call Unrep Engage submarine threat for self-defense SH-60 operations against submarine threat Repairs/Port Call Mine avoidance Port call or restricted availability 1-21 21-24 24 25-30 31-38 39 41 39-49 50 51-59 60+ . Table 5 – CSG Mission Mission scenario Small ADF squadron transit from CONUS Underway replenishment (Unrep) Deliver humanitarian aid. ASUW and ISR. It will also provide BMD with queuing. Homeland Defense / Interdiction The ship will provide homeland defense from the sea against air and sea attacks. Independent OPs Page 12 The ship will perform independent operations by providing area AAW.5 Mission Scenarios Mission scenarios for the primary ADF missions are provided in Table 5 and Table 6. provide support Defend against surface threat (ASUW) during aid mission Repairs/Port Call Unrep Engage submarine threat for self-defense Avoid submarine threat (ASW) Join CSG/ESG Port call or restricted availability Day 1-21 22 23-33 29 31-38 39 42 43 44-59 60+ Day Table 6 – SAG Mission Mission scenario ADF transit from CONUS Port call. The scenarios are for 60 days but actual scenarios may take as long as 90+ days. The ship will support special operations and has the ability to support UAV. MCM and ISR.

6 Required Operational Capabilities In order to support the missions and mission scenarios described in Section 2.2 AAW 1. Each of these can be related to functional capabilities required in the ship design.3 ASW 4 ASW 5 ASW 7 ASW 7.6 AMW 12 AMW 14 ASU 1 ASU 1.6 ASW 8 CCC 1 Description Provide anti-air defense Provide area anti-air defense Support area anti-air defense Provide unit anti-air self defense Provide anti-air defense in cooperation with other forces Support Theater Ballistic Missile Defense (TBMD) Provide passive and soft kill anti-air defense Detect. the capabilities listed in Table 7 are required. Short/Vertical Take-off and Landing and airborne autonomous vehicle (AAV) operations Conduct all-weather helo ops Serve as a helo hangar Serve as a helo haven Conduct helo air refueling Provide air control and coordination of air operations Support/conduct Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) against designated targets in support of an amphibious operation Engage surface threats with anti-surface armaments Engage surface ships at long range Engage surface ships at medium range Engage surface ships at close range (gun) Engage surface ships with medium caliber gunfire Engage surface ships with minor caliber gunfire Engage surface ships with small arms gunfire Engage surface ships in cooperation with other forces Detect and track a surface target Detect and track a surface target with radar Disengage.4 AMW 6. evade. evade and avoid surface attack Engage submarines Engage submarines at long range Engage submarines at medium range Engage submarines at close range Conduct airborne ASW/recon Support airborne ASW/recon Attack submarines with antisubmarine armament Engage submarines with torpedoes Disengage.3 AMW 6.1 ASU 6 ASW 1 ASW 1. identify and track air targets Engage airborne threats using surface-to-air armament Conduct day and night helicopter.9 ASU 2 ASU 4 ASU 4. the ship’s ability to perform these functional capabilities is measured by explicit Measures of Performance (MOPs).1 ASU 1.1 ASW 1.5 AMW 6. Table 7 – List of Required Operational Capabilities (ROCs) ROCs AAW 1 AAW 1.3 AAW 2 AAW 3 AAW 5 AAW 6 AAW 9 AMW 6 AMW 6.2 ASW 1. avoid and deceive submarines Provide command and control facilities .5 ASU 1.1 AAW 1. and.5.2 ASU 1.3 ASU 1. if within the scope of the Concept Exploration design space.6 ASU 1.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 13 2.

airmanship and navigation tasks (navigate. life boat/raft capacity. mooring. anchor.6 CCC 2 CCC 3 CCC 4 CCC 6 CCC 9 CCC 21 FSO 5 FSO 6 FSO 8 FSO 9 FSO 10 FSO 11 INT 1 INT 2 INT 3 INT 8 INT 9 INT 15 MIW 4 MIW 6 MIW 6. scuttle.2 MOB 5 MOB 7 MOB 10 MOB 12 MOB 13 MOB 16 MOB 17 MOB 18 NCO 3 NCO 19 SEW 2 SEW 3 SEW 5 STW 3 Provide a Helicopter Direction Center (HDC) Page 14 Coordinate and control the operations of the task organization or functional force to carry out assigned missions Provide own unit Command and Control Maintain data link capability Provide communications for own unit Relay communications Perform cooperative engagement Conduct towing/search/salvage rescue operations Conduct SAR operations Conduct port control functions Provide routine health care Provide first aid assistance Provide triage of casualties/patients Support/conduct intelligence collection Provide intelligence Conduct surveillance and reconnaissance Process surveillance and reconnaissance information Disseminate surveillance and reconnaissance information Provide intelligence support for non-combatant evacuation operation (NEO) Conduct mine avoidance Conduct magnetic silencing (degaussing. tow/be-towed) Replenish at sea Maintain health and well being of crew Operate and sustain self as a forward deployed unit for an extended period of time during peace and war without shore-based support Operate in day and night environments Operate in heavy weather Operate in full compliance of existing US and international pollution control laws and regulations Provide upkeep and maintenance of own unit Conduct maritime law enforcement operations Conduct sensor and ECM operations Conduct sensor and ECCM operations Conduct coordinated SEW operations with other units Support/conduct multiple cruise missile strikes .ADF Design – VT Team 5 CCC 1.7 MOB 1 MOB 2 MOB 3 MOB 3. deperming) Maintain magnetic signature limits Steam to design capacity in most fuel efficient manner Support/provide aircraft for all-weather operations Prevent and control damage Counter and control NBC contaminants and agents Maneuver in formation Perform seamanship.

the most suitable hull-type can be determined. 3. risk and ship impact (weight.6 @ 30knt ⎟ MT * knt ⎠ SHP ⎝ It is based on the following hull parameters: • • • • • • • • Full load weight of the ship Light ship weight Payload weight Sustained speed Endurance speed Total shaft power Endurance range Specific fuel consumption at endurance speed A plot of the Transport Factor versus ship speed appears in Figure 6.052 = 20.1 Trade-Off Studies. volume. This method.1. Based on Transport Factor methodology. estimated hull parameters were compared to the hull parameters of proven ships. uses these parameters to return a Transport Factor value. By comparing this calculated value to the Transport Factor of proven ships at a similar sustained speed. 3.ADF Design – VT Team 5 3 Concept Exploration Page 15 Chapter 3 describes Concept Exploration.1 Finding an Appropriate Hull Form To find an appropriate hull form. Trade-off studies. design space exploration and optimization are accomplished using a Multi-Objective Genetic Optimization (MOGO).1. a monohull is most suitable.1. power). Trade-off studies are performed using technology and concept design parameters to select trade-off options in a multi-objective genetic optimization (MOGO) for the total ship design. Technologies. called the Transport Factor method. 60 SES 50 Tra nsport Fa ctor (TF) 26 40 30 20 10 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 S pe e d (knots) 30 29 20 22. The Transport Factor is estimated using the following the following equation: kW ⎞ ΔVs ⎛ TF = ⎜ 5. Technology and concept trade spaces and parameters are described in the following sections.1 Hull Form Alternatives 3. cost.23 19 24 21 25 27 28 S em iP laning Disp A CV P laning Figure 6 – Transport Factors for Various Hull-Types . Concepts and Design Variables Available technologies and concepts necessary to provide required functional capabilities are identified and defined in terms of performance. area.

1. diesel engines. Grade 2D. and missiles) Must have sufficient deck area for LAMPS and possible V-22 ops Must have low radar cross section (RCS) Must be production efficient (low maintenance.0. These values were used to define the hull form design space.1.1. Table 8 – Hull Characteristics Characteristic Range or Value Displacement (Mt) approx. zonal distribution and permanent magnet motors will take into consideration operational flexibility.2 0. .1. and will be weighed against moderate weight and volume penalties.5 – 17.56 . ISO 8217. The preliminary power requirement includes two to four main engines capable of producing 10000 to 30000 kW per engine. low cost) Must have a large object volume for machinery spaces. and radar Must be structurally efficient Must have good seakeeping performance Bearing in mind the Transport Factor and the additional considerations pertaining to choosing a hull-type. The propulsion drive type will be mechanical or IPS. cooling. The propulsion system has a goal of a Grade A shock certification and Navy qualification.5 L/B L/D B/T Cp Cx Crd 7 – 10 10. and the propulsors will be fixed pitch or controllable pitch propellers or pods. or IPS configurations in various mechanical drives.2.2 3. 6100 ∆/(L/100)3 (Mt/m3) 55. Finally. the design must continuously operate using distillate fuel in accordance with ASTM D975.0 3. improved efficiency and survivability.8 – 3. DV1 – DV7 in Table 20.1. 3.75 . weapon magazines.3 Area Defense Frigate Design Lanes Based on other proven naval ships a set of design ranges was chosen and appears in Table 8.7 .64 0. 32 cell VLS. F-DMA. DFM (NATO Code F-76) and JP-5 (NATO Code F-44).85 0.1.2 Additional Considerations Pertaining to Hull-Type Page 16 The following were ship considerations that were not taken into account by the Transfer Factor: • • • • • • • Must be able to accommodate large and heavy combat systems (radar.2 – 72.1.1 Propulsion and Electrical Machinery Alternatives Machinery Requirements General Requirements The propulsion for ADF 95 will use gas turbines. the best candidate hull from for ADF was a monohull. hangar decks.ADF Design – VT Team 5 3.0.8 2. Potential use of IPS with DC Bus.

This system provides greater maneuverability and efficiency. but is not as resistant to shockwaves. and full load condition and must use no more than 80% of the installed engine rating (MCR) of main propulsion engines or motors. which is directly connected to the propeller. This is the standard system for many navy ships. and ship maneuvering equipment. where the motor is coupled to a reduction gear that turns the driveshaft. Diesel engines. Sufficient manning and automation will be required to continuously monitor auxiliary systems. This system uses new technology and allows for more options when arranging the machinery room. . This system may also eliminate the need for separate ship service generators. Mechanical drive system. 2. which allows the drive system to go from forward to reverse propulsion with out stopping the motors. clean hull. which is standard for all systems. 2. Propulsion Engine and Ship Service Generator Certification Because propulsion and ship service power is critical to many aspects of mission and survivability for ADF 95. Consider two types of engines: 1. Additionally. Podded propulsor. this equipment shall be: • Navy qualified & grade A shock certified gas turbines are alternatives (design variable) • Non-nuclear • Consider low IR signature and cruise/boost options for high endurance 3. radio communication. all propulsion type alternatives must span 50-115 MW power range with ship service power in excess of 5000 kW MFLM. interior communications. The various propulsion arrangement options are shown in Figure 7. which may use either the FPP or the CPP. Conventional fixed pitch propeller (FPP). which allow for more power with less weight.1. This system will be compliant with the ABS Guide for One Man Bridge Operated (OMBO) Ships as well as with ABS ACCU requirements for periodically unattended machinery spaces. The ship also must have a minimum range of 3500 nautical miles when operating at 20 knots.2 Machinery Plant Alternatives Consider two types of main drive systems: 1. which have a low speed but high efficiency. Integrated power system (IPS).ADF Design – VT Team 5 Sustained Speed and Propulsion Power Page 17 The ship must have a minimum sustained speed of at least 30 knots in calm water. MCC and Chief Engineer’s office. where the generator supplies power to an electric motor that is either directly connected to the propeller or turns a short driveshaft that is connected to the propeller. Table 9 shows the characteristics of each propulsion system arrangement. and to control the systems from the MCC and local controllers. Ship Control and Machinery Plant Automation Ship control and machinery plant automation will use an integrated bridge system that integrates navigation. 3. Controllable pitch propeller (CPP). electric plant and damage control systems from the SCC. Gas turbines. and Table 10 shows the generator arrangement options and characteristics.2. Consider three types of propulsors: 1. 2.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 18 Figure 7 – Propulsion and Power System Alternatives .

226 14.95 9.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 19 Table 9 – Propulsion System Data Propulsion Option Propulsion System Type PSYSTYP Propeller Shafts Nprop Endurance Propulsion Engine Type.61 4.0 1 1 3 43755 7755 0.207 13.49 9.207 13.00 2734 373.7 31.73 9.199 17.207 18.1 .22 2740 406.2 2xLM2500+ 1x2/16 2 2 2 59953 7755 0.2 1 1 1 47754 21655 0.0 1 2 3 59953 7755 0.2 1 1 3 43755 7755 0.4 24.1 28.22 2495 490.22 2495 490.22 2195 353.4 31.5 25.19 9.57 2270 310.207 16.00 2223 241.54 2012 273.1 34.53 8. Pbpengend (kW) Engine Endurance Propulsion SFCePE (kg/kwhr) Engine Machinery Box Minimum Length LMBreq (m) Machinery Box Minimum Height HMBreq (m) Machinery Box Required Volume VMBreq (m3) Basic Propulsion Machinery Weight WBM (MT) Propulsion Inlet and Uptake Area APIE (m2) 2xLM2500+ 1 1 1 52198 26099 0.2 CODOG 2xLM2500+ 2xPC2/16 CODLAG 2xLM2500+ 1xPC2/16 1 2 3 52198 7755 0.18 2442 398.91 7.207 13.33 9.3 33. 3=Diesel) Total Propulsion Engine BHP PBPENGTOT (kW) Endurance Brake Propulsion Power.226 17.207 13.199 18.95 9.3 2xLM2500+ 2xepicyclis 1 2 1 52198 26099 0.7 31. PENGtype (1=GT. 2=ICR.19 9.1 2xLM2500+ 1x2/16 3 2 2 59953 7755 0.207 18.39 7.0 24.10 2466 403.7 28.2 CODOG 1xMT30 1xPC2/16 CODAG 1xMT30 1xPC2/16 COGAG 1xLM2500+ 1xWR21/29 COGAG 1xMT30 1xWR21/29 CODLAG 1xMT30 1xPC2/16 1 1 3 43755 7755 0.8 1 1 1 57655 21655 0.89 3298 619.5 24.

training. crew size. accounts for approximately 60% of the Navy budget.1. For the determination of manning for the ADF. and workload.8 242.6 7. 2=Gas Turbine) 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 Number of SGs NSSG 3 4 4 3 2 2 2 SSG Power (ea) KWG(kW) 10101 4996 10404 7803 6734 2498 5202 Endurance SSG SFC SFCeG(kg/kwhr) 0.2 142. a decrease in manning is desirable in addition to needing less men in combat. This equation is used in the ship synthesis model.9 7.8 242. It employs libraries of navy equipment and maintenance procedures. The input information is entered into Model Center and relayed into ISMAT. The high “cost per man” in the US Navy because of support.2 0.3 0. The functions within ISMAT are similar to a Gantt chart where they can be copied and pasted and the duration of the tasks and the start time can be altered. The user develops a scenario to test ability of the crew and tasks and events are entered using Micro Saint with list of skills required to perform tasks. Ultimately. different jobs / crew ratings. The operation and support cost for the ship is a major element in the ADF design.8 4.2 Basic Electric Machinery Weight WBMG(MT) 142.8 KWgend 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 3367 3747 5202 5202 3367 3747 5202 3.2 0.2 12.2 242. Within ISMAT the Ship Manning Analysis and Requirements Tool (SMART) series is used to vary equipment. It also employs maintenance pools where any operator within a division or department can be considered for a task. an Integrated Simulation Manning Analysis Tool (ISMAT) was used. manning. and so on. A Visual Basic program then runs the manning model interfacing with the wrapper in model center.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 20 Table 10 – Generator System Data SSG Option 3xDDA 501K34 GTG 4xCAT 3516V16 DG 4xCAT 3608IL8 DG 3xCAT 3608IL8 DG 2xDDA 501K34 GTG 2xCAT 3516V16 DG 2xCAT 3608IL8 DG SSG Option GENGtype (1=Diesel. the size and make up of the crew is optimized for four different goals: cost (SMART database with annual cost of each rank and rate in the Navy).6 3. maintenance philosophies. and compartment documents. education.2 0.3 0.8 124.6 9. so to decrease this cost.2 SSG Uptake Area AGIE(m2) 18. Conclusions from the data collected from the DOE are used to build the response surface model and ultimately produce the RSM equation shown in Figure 8. Design explorer in Model Center samples the design space and performs a design of experiments by building up a data set spanning the full design space. It then dynamically allocates each task to a crew member and function allocation is based on taxonomies and on the level of automation that is specified by the user. ISMAT uses XML for libraries of equipment. housing. . and the overall ship optimization is conducted at the end thereby eliminating the need to use ISMAT directly.2 0.8 124.3 Automation and Manning Parameters Manning is an issue for the US Navy because of incurred cost and risk. and levels of automation to optimize crew size based on various goals.

the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and MultiAttribute Value Theory (MAVT) were used. propulsion system: PSYS.137. AN/SRS-1A(V).17. length along the waterline compared to the CG47: LWLComp. The ship synthesis model uses the VOPs to evaluate the effectiveness.4.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 21 The independent variables in the RSM equation are total number of crew: NT. IRST. and antisurface warfare: ASuW.341* ASuw * MAINT 2 − .49 + 82.147 * PSYS 3 + 8. AN/UPX-36(V) CIFF-SD.294 * ASuW * PSYS * LevAuto + .137.1 AAW The Anti-Air Warfare system alternatives are listed in Table 11. but has only one transmitter.15. .15. level of automation: LevAuto.20 1.7. 3.413 * PSYS * LevAuto * CCC − . tailored for a destroyer-sized ship.17.21 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • AN/SPY-1D is a variant of the SPY-1B radar system. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 2) SPY-3 (3 panel).3. The different alternatives include AN/SPY-3 and AN/SPY-1D.7.Table 18 and keyed to Table 19. To estimate the Value of Performance (VOP).17. cost.210 * CCC * LWLComp 2 Figure 8 – “Standard” Manning RSM Equation 3. maintenance level: MAINT.20 1.1.5. The Mk 99 Fire Control System (FCS) is used to control all the different weapons and sensors on the ship.4.6.3.08 * PSYS * LWLComp − .14.14.16.4. Applicable component IDs are listed for each option in Table 11 .52 * LevAuto 3 − .20. Table 11 – AAW System Alternatives Options Option 1) SPY-3 (4 panel).3.485 * MAINT * CCC * LWLComp + .16. ultimately installed on DDG-51. is virtually identical to the SPY-1B.4.16. The combat systems alternatives were selected based on the effectiveness.09 * MAINT + 11.1. NT = 374. two channels and two fixed arrays.684 * PSYS 2 * LWLComp + . All the components and the component data for the combat systems are located in Table 19. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Warfighting system AAW Components 1.8. The SPY-1D radar system is shown in Figure 9.15.137.29 * LWLComp − 59. risk. The Mk 99 Fire Control System (FCS) improves effectiveness by coordinating the different systems and bringing them to their optimum tactical advantage. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 3) SPY-1D (2 panel).4 Combat System Alternatives Several combat system alternatives were identified and the ship impact was documented for each configuration.5.06 * LevAuto − 6.7.85 * LevAuto 2 + 2. The SPY-1D.5. and MOGO or multi objective genetic optimization.

Small Arms Locker Option 2) MK 3 57 mm gun.67. FCS controls the continuous wave illuminating radar. elevation angle.33. Can detect.4. Provides accurate bearing. locate.145. MK86 GFCS. TISS Thermal Imaging Sensor System.140.79.Centralized. Accepts. AN/SPQ-9B Radar.146.1. and provides terminal guidance for AAW missiles.2 The Anti-Surface Warfare and the Naval Surface Fire Support system alternatives are listed in Table 12. situational awareness. providing a very high probability of kill.164 73(V)12. SPS-73(V)12. Small Arms Locker Warfighting system NSFS/ ASUW .150. correlates and combines IFF sensor inputs into one IFF track picture. system that associates different sources of target information – IFF and SSDS.Automated long range hostile target signal acquisition and direction finding system. and cueing information for targeting systems AN/UPX-36(V) CIFF-SD .143. Controls loading and arming of the selected weapon. Table 12 – NSFS/ASUW System Alternatives Options Components Option 1) MK 45 5IN/62 Mod 4 gun.68.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 22 Figure 9 – SPY-1D Phased-array • • • • Mk 99 Fire Control System (FCS) . SPS29. 1 29. IRST Shipboard integrated sensor designed to detect and report low flying ASCMs by their heat plumes.140. and relative thermal intensity readings.a few degrees but can be manually changed to search higher. categorize and archive data into the ship’s tactical data system.144. 1 RHIB. processes. Controls the interrogations of each IFF system NSFS/ASUW 3. MK 34 Gun Fire Control System (GFCS). controller processor-based. MK 45 5“/62 MK MOD 4 Gun Mount.major component of the AEGIS Combat System.75. launches the weapon. It scans the horizon +/.143. MK86 GFCS. AN/SRS-1A(V) Combat DF (Direction Finding).79. The different alternatives include AN/SPS-73(V)12 Radar Set. SPG-62.68. Provides greater flexibility against a wider range of threat signals. Provides warship commanders near-real-time indications and warning.164 RHIB.33.147.

or reduced visibility conditions. Provides contact range and bearing information. Enables quick and accurate determination of ownship position relative to nearby vessels and navigational hazards. two-dimensional.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • Page 23 AN/SPS-73(V)12 Radar Set . fast attack boats. X-band. For missile AAW . Short-range detection and surveillance of surface units and low-flying air units.Short-range. and range for low cross section air targets. complementing and augmenting existing shipboard sensors. elevation. navigation operations.The Thermal Imaging Sensor System (TISS) AN/SAY-1 is a stabilized imaging system which provides a visual infrared (IR) and television image to assist operators in identifying a target by its contrast or infrared characteristics. Figure 11 – AN/SPQ-9B Radar • TISS Thermal Imaging Sensor System. The AN/SAY-1 detects. The AN/SAY-1 is a manually operated system which can receive designations from the command system and designate to the command system providing azimuth. The sensor suite consists of a high-resolution Thermal . recognizes. surface-search/navigation radar system.Surface surveillance and tracking radar. 55 and 67 and is shown in Figure 10. The SPS-73 replaces SPS-64.provides cueing to other ship self defense systems and excellent detection of low sea-skimming cruise missiles in heavy clutter. and automatically tracks targets under day. and search and rescue missions. From the Mk 86 5 inch 54 caliber gun fire control system (GFCS). laser ranges. Figure 10 – AN/SPS-73(V)12 Surface Search Radar • AN/SPQ-9B Radar. Has a high resolution. The SPQ9B is shown in Figure 11. floating mines. night.

Range of over 60 nautical miles with Extended Range Guided Munitions (ERGM). The AN/SAY-1 also incorporates an Automatic Video Tracker (AVT) that is capable of tracking up to two targets within the TISS field of view. strengthened trunnion supports. and production cost. The new gun mount shield will reduce overall radar signature. Modifications to the basic Mk 45 Gun Mount: 62-caliber barrel.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 24 Imaging Sensor (TIS). and an Eye-Safe Laser Range Finder (ESLRF). The TISS Thermal Imaging Sensor System is shown in Figure 12. \ Figure 13 – MK 45 5“/62 MK MOD 4 Gun Mount . The MK 45 gun mount is shown in Figure 13. two Charged Coupled Devices (CCDs) daylight imaging Television Sensors (TVS). lengthened recoil stroke. round identification capability. an ERGM initialization interface. maintenance. Figure 12 – TISS Thermal Imaging Sensor System • MK 45 5“/62 MK MOD 4 Gun Mount. and an enhanced control system.

4. Extremely flexible and easy to operate. A single operator can search. Launches torpedoes under local control or remote control from an ASW fire control system.hull-mounted sonar • MK 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tube (SVTT). Control Systems (ASWCS). Table 13 – ASW/MSM System Alternatives Options Option 1) SQS-56. Handles the MK-46 and MK-50 torpedoes.153. and an advanced display system. MK 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tube (SVTT). system control by a builtin mini computer.38. digital sonar providing panoramic echo ranging and panoramic (DIMUS) passive surveillance. classify and designate multiple targets from the active system while simultaneously maintaining anti-torpedo surveillance on the passive display. NIXIE.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 25 3. track. Figure 15 – MK 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tube (SVTT) .51. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes.51. The location of the SQS-56 is shown in Figure 14.1. mine avoidance sonar Option 2) LFA/VDS.58.ASW launching system which pneumatically launches torpedoes over-the-side of own ship.44. SQQ 89.5m) with digital implementation. The MK 32 SVTT is shown in Figure 15.41.63 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • SQS-56 (AN/SQS-56). The different alternatives include SQS-56 (AN/SQS-56). and Mine Avoidance Sonar. SQQ 89. Active/passive.63 41. SQS-56 Figure 14 – SQS-56 (AN/SQS-56). SQR19 TACTAS.42.39.42. NIXIE Warfighting system ASW/MCM Components 35.hull-mounted sonar (1.44. Capable of stowing and launching up to three torpedoes.3 ASW and MCM The Anti-Submarine Warfare and the Mine Counter Measures system alternatives are listed in Table 13. preformed beam.

Supports SQQ-89 tactical sonar suite. display. Table 14 – CCC System Alternatives Options Option 1) Enhanced CCC Option 2) Basic CCC Warfighting system CCC Components 2 106 The Command. i.AN-SQQ-89 . and Communications include the following systems with the option of future upgrades. as a navigational aid in narrow dangerous waters. It can be used as a navigation sonar. SQS-53C and Tactical Towed Array Sonar (TACTAS).integrated undersea warfare detection.4 CCC The Command Control Communication system alternatives are listed in Table 14. and is fully integrated with Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS MK III) helicopter. (SQQ-89 is used on all current USN SC) Mine Avoidance Sonar (MAS). The system is designed primarily to detect mines but will also be used to detect other mobbing or stationary underwater objects. MK116 MK116 ASWCS and MK 309 Torpedo Fire Control System. and targeting capability. In addition it can complement the sensors on board anchoring surface vessels with regard to surveillance and protection against divers. classification. The different alternatives include an enhanced CCC or a basic CCC.4.The Multi-purpose Sonar System VANGUARD is a versatile two frequency active and broadband passive sonar system conceived for use on surface vessels to assist navigation and permit detection of dangerous objects. The effect of the Mine Avoidance Sonar is shown in Figure 16.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 26 • • Control Systems (ASWCS). Figure 16 – MAS 3.1. • Global Broadcast System (GBS) • EHF SATCOM • UHF SATCOM • IMARSAT • Link 11 • Link 16 • Low Observable Multi Function Stack .e. Control.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 27 Figure 17 – CCC Components Installed in a Low Observable Multifunction Stack Figure 18 – The computing system of the ship .

NULKA Option 3) SLQ-32(V) 3.ADF Design – VT Team 5 3.provides early warning of threats and automatic dispensing of chaff decoys.151.152 77. Figure 20 – MK 36 DLS SRBOC . MK53 SRBOC. Figure 19 – AN/SQS-32(V)3 Electronic Warfare System • MK 36 DLS SRBOC -Super Rapid Bloom Offboard Countermeasures Chaff and Decoy launching system . The electronic warfare system is shown in Figure 19. Table 15 – SDS System Alternatives Options Option 1) 2xCIWS.77.152 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • AN/SLQ-32(V)3.4. NULKA Warfighting system SDS Components 12.24. SLQ-32(V) 3.123.151. SRBOC.151. SRBOC.1. Some of the different alternatives include AN/SLQ-32(V).24.5 SDS Page 28 The Self Defense System (SDS) system alternatives are listed in Table 15. and CIWS Close-in Weapon System.22. The MK 36 DLS SRBOC is shown in Figure 20.77. SRBOC. SLQ-32(V) 3. NULKA.152 12. NULKA Option 2) 1xCIWS.provides decoys launched at a variety of altitudes to confuse a variety of missiles by creating false signals.24.

Magazine capacity is 1550 rounds of tungsten ammunition. The CIWS is shown in Figure 22.The Decoy Launching System (DLS) Mk 53 (NULKA) is a rapid response Active Expendable Decoy (AED) System capable of providing highly effective defense for ships of cruiser size and below against modern radar homing anti-ship missiles. Figure 22 – CIWS Close-in Weapon System .ADF Design – VT Team 5 • Page 29 MK53 SRBOC and NULKA. slow or hovering aircraft and surface craft.Hydraulically driven 20 mm gatling gun capable of firing 4500 rounds per minute. The DLS MK 53 NULKA is shown in Figure 21. Defense against low altitude ASCMs. Computer controlled to automatically correct aim errors. Figure 21 – MK 53 DLS NULKA • CIWS Close-in Weapon System. Phalanx Surface Mode (PSUM) incorporates side mounted Forward Looking Infrared Radar (FLIR) to engage low.

Table 16 – GMLS System Alternatives Options Option 1) 64 cells.4. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 2) 32 cells.90 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • MK 41 Vertical Launch System (VLS) or MK57 Peripheral vertical launch system .82.83.6 GMLS Page 30 The Guided Missile Launch system alternatives are listed in Table 16.1.86. The different alternatives include 32 cell or 64 cell MK 41 vertical launch system or the MK 57 Peripheral vertical launch system. and ASUM mission capabilities. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Warfighting system GMLS Components 80. The VLSs are capable of surviving high degrees of damage and have the capability of carrying various types of missiles for different missions.89 81.82. Figure 23 – MK57 PVLS Figure 24 – VLS Topside .85.84. ASW.ADF Design – VT Team 5 3.The MK 41 and MK 57 have AAW. The MK 57 PVLS is shown in Figure 23 and the VLS arrangement is shown in Figure 24 and Figure 25. With the various cells multiple targets are allowed to be targeted and fired upon continuously. The MKs allow for a fast reaction time to several different threats at once.

54.149 Option 3) LAMPS refueling 45.55.1.50.52. Table 17 – MODULES System Alternatives Options Components Option 1) 2xLCS 154-163.7 MODULES The MODULES system alternatives are listed in Table 17.47.46.46.4.57.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 31 Figure 25 – MK41 VLS 3. 154-163 Option 2) 1xLCS 154-163 Warfighting system MODULES 3.1.48.55.4.8 LAMPS The Light Airborne Multi Purpose system alternatives are listed in Table 18.57 Option 2) LAMPS haven 36.52.53.46.53.57 Warfighting system LAMPS . The different alternatives include 1 or 2 LCS suites. Table 18 – LAMPS System Alternatives Options Components Option 1) Embarked 2xLAMPS w/Hangar 36.

5 0 1086 50 210 0 0 0 ID 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 NAME BALLISTIC PLATING.1.91 2. two 7.30 -3. SINGLE TRANSMITTER (2CH. SPY-1D.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Sub systems descriptions are as follows: • Page 32 The SH-60 Seahawk (LAMPS MK III) has the capability of performing a several different roles including ASW.3 54.2 269 BATKW 0 45 5 10 79 4 474. SPECOPS.74 0.3 20.6 34. deploys sonobuoys and torpedoes.19 -3.4 0 0 320 9 11.7 65.7 20. MFAR.4.2 14.3 1. Table 19 – Combat Systems Components Summary WT WTGRP ID SingleD HD10 HAREA (lton) 164 411 413 413 452 455 456 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 100 400 400 400 400 400 400 25.30 17.2 .19 29.7 21. AIR SEARCH 2-D.9 Combat Systems Payload Summary The combat system component data table shown in Table 19 includes all the different alternatives for the combat systems and various properties including weights and areas.56 12.8 0. MK XII AIMS RADAR. SPS-49 IFF. MISC DATA DISPLAY GROUP . 2FACE) RADAR. ILLUMINATOR. AGM-119 Penguin missiles (shown in Figure 26). The SH-60 comes equipped with a retractable in-flight fueling probe.BASIC AAW INTERFACE EQUIPMENT BASIC AAW DATA PROCESSING GROUP . 1EA GMFCS. search and rescue. SPG-62.BASIC RADAR. cargo lift.62mm machine guns. ASUW.47 6. MK99 (AEGIS) AREA AAW AAW AAW AAW AAW AAW AAW DHAREA 0 0 0 0 52 0 1594 CRSKW 0 45 5 10 79 3. and extending ship’s radar capabilities.3 14 15 AAW AAW 482 482 14 15 400 400 4.9 6. The table is included in the ship synthesis model database.9 5. and Mk46 or Mk50 torpedoes. Figure 26 – SH-60 LAMPS Firing an AGM-119 Penguin Anti-Ship Missile 3.

00 -3.00 0. SONAR DOME HULL DAMPING LFA/VDS w/ELEX CIC.2 0 19. KEEL. WEAPON CONTROL SYSTEM (1 MODULE) AAW AAW 489 495 16 17 400 400 2.81 112 0 32. MK32.5M.7 3 0 19.4 0. SD ILLUM.3 0 100 0 15 33 68 140 143 164 35 38 39 41 42 44 51 58 153 2 106 80 81 82 ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW CCC CCC GMLS GMLS GMLS 21 481 451 452 23 165 462 463 473 473 483 750 636 462 411 411 164 164 482 33 68 140 143 164 35 38 39 41 42 44 51 58 153 2 106 80 81 82 20 400 400 400 20 100 400 400 400 400 400 700 600 400 400 400 100 100 400 4.72 -4.18 0.60 3. SQS56. 1. SQS56.3 5.24 32.LEVEL III HY-80 VLS. SQQ-89 SVTT.00 0 26.28 21 55 0 0 448 Page 33 4 15.3 3.34 20 AAW 532 20 500 13. MK86 RADAR.52 4. 2FACE) HARPOON. SPY 1A and SPY-1B (2 CH) RADAR.1 14 0.7 2.2 -25.47 4 19.1 -3.1 0 46 74. SQR-19 SONAR. CONTROL SYSTEM [ASWCS].20 40.00 0 26.5 0 1500 382.14 -37.89 -11 1.6 19. WCS.62MM + 50 CAL + PYRO GFCS.6 0 46 74. LNCH CONTROL SYSTEM IN CIC SMALL ARMS AMMO.88 3.01 0 473 1340 172 0 185 0 0 373 1989 1200 0 0 56 0 168 0.24 21 AAW 532 21 500 9 -34 960.7 4.LEVEL III HY-80 VLS. SURFACE SEARCH and NAVIGATION.01 43 17.7 382.43 23. SPY-3 (2CH.8 2. SPY-3 (2 CH) COOLING EQUIPMENT FOR SPY-1D. 1. DDG51 CIC.16 -21.34 10 21. DDG51 7.5 1.00 19.6 19.5M. SQS56.6 4.00 -30.20 40. AN/SLQ-25 TORPEDO DECOYS ASW.50 7.2 59. ON DECK SONAR.7 -6 -5.ADF Design – VT Team 5 16 17 WEAPON SYSTEM SWITCHBOARDS COMBAT DF COOLING EQUIPMENT FOR LARGE X-BAND RADAR.72 -28. ARMOR .5 60 0 0 18 0 0 0 . 64 CELL.30 -6.90 0.00 0.17 -9.26 7.1 7.66 0 0 0. 32 CELL.8 0 0 0 137 AAW 456 137 400 27.07 -25.5 0.00 19.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0. ARMOR .24 8. AN/SWG-1.17 -6. DOME STRUCTURE TACTAS. FFG7 VLS. ELEX NIXIE.72 -3. BOW.5 60 0 0 15 0 15. 2X. AN/SPS-73 IR Search and Track System (IRST) 1X 7M RHIB SONAR. MFAR XBAND FOR HOR AND ABOVE SCH.6 8.00 0.24 1.00 8. KEEL.7 29 ASUW 482 29 400 1.3 -5.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 VLS.88 20. 57mm Ammo in Magazine 880 RDS 4 of 4 GUN. IN-FLIGHT REFUEL SYS LAMPS.2 41.42 64.35 -11 -1.75 5.00 0.00 0. MOD 4.00 0.4 31.00 0. 5IN/62 MOD 4 CIWS WEAPON CONTROL SYSTEM Page 34 83 GMLS 529 83 500 3 -6.6 0 0 0 5 0 0 10.00 0.06 -5.6 4.5 1.00 -2. 64 CELL VLS.6 9.5 0 357 0 0 350 0 905 31. 57mm Ammo in Gun Mount 120 RDS 3 of 4 GUN.8 98.6 3.64 VLS MISSILES .00 2. 64 CELL.66 -7.97 -13.00 0. AVIATION FUEL [JP-5] LAMPS MKIII 1 X SH-60B HELO (ON DECK) MINE AVOIDANCE SONAR GUN. SECURING SYSTEM LAMPS.81 4.00 0 464 5.73 9.8 0 2245 1123 0 0 15 44 30 219 0 194 212 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 33 0 75 0 588 0 63.4 6.2 5.7 9.87 -6.4 31.00 0. AVIATION SUPPORT AND SPARES LAMPS. MISSILES .70 0. 5IN MK45.6 0 0 0 5 0 0 4.32 LAMPS.4 0 0 4.97 0 0 0 0 84 85 86 89 90 36 45 46 47 48 50 52 53 GMLS GMLS GMLS GMLS GMLS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS 529 721 721 21 21 460 542 542 588 588 665 780 22 84 85 86 89 90 36 45 46 47 48 50 52 53 500 700 700 20 20 400 500 500 500 500 600 700 20 3 147.00 2. 18 X MK46 TORP & SONOBUOYS & PYRO LAMPS MKIII 2 X SH-60B HELOS AND HANGER (BASED) LAMPS. 64 CELL MAGAZINE DEWATERING SYSTEM VLS.00 300 0 3406 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.64 4.4 0 54 55 57 149 63 67 75 144 145 146 147 150 12 LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS LAMPS MCM NSFS NSFS NSFS NSFS NSFS NSFS NSFS SDS 23 26 42 23 462 164 21 711 713 21 21 710 481 54 55 57 20 20 40 20 12.00 0.46 39 1 4.3 2 4.44 14.600RDS 57mm MK 3 Naval Gun Mount 1 of 4 57mm Stowage 2 of 4 GUN.75 2.03 -0.5 -18. AMMO W/ERGM .4 63 67 75 144 145 146 147 150 12 400 100 20 700 700 20 20 700 400 .04 2.00 0. SQQ-28 ELECTRONICS LAMPS.1 3.2 3. 32-CELL VLS.00 0.00 36.3 2. HY-80 ARMOR GUN.62 -4. AVIATION FUEL SYS LAMPS.37 3 -7.36 11.00 50.97 -11. RAST/RAST CONTROL/HELO CONTROL LAMPS.2 10.1 0 0 5.35 -10. REARM MAGAZINE LAMPS.4 0 0 0 0 0 63. 32 CELL MAGAZINE DEWATERING SYSTEM VLS.5 4.4 49.1 6.00 0.3 1.8 82.00 1.1 0 0 5.5 5 -28.6 1.9 4.80 2.00 0. AVIATION SHOP AND OFFICE LAMPS.4 7.86 31. 5IN/62 MK 45.

16000 RDS CIWS.40 157 SPARTAN 29 157 20 3.ADF Design – VT Team 5 22 24 123 77 151 CIWS.00 0.59 -3.00 -3.3 9.00 156 SPARTAN 495 156 400 2.54 -3.1 MAINT MODULE 1X 11M MODULAR SPARTAN DET . 20MM AMMO .5 160 VTUAV 23 160 20 3.40 2.1 CONTROL MODULE 1X 11M MODULAR SPARTAN DET .01 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 0. WEAPON CONTROL SYSTEM (IN CIC) VTUAV DET MODULAR HANGAR AND 3 VEHICLES VTUAV DET MODULAR MAINTENANCE MODULE VTUAV DET MODULAR MISSION COMMAND MODULE VTUAV DET MODULAR MISSION FUEL SDS SDS SDS SEW SEW 711 21 711 472 721 22 24 123 77 151 700 20 700 400 700 13.00 11.00 0.00 321 257 221 300 0.00 37.74 21 20 21 20.00 0 0.1 WEAPON (ASUW) MODULE MODULAR SPARTAN DET MISSION FUEL TOMAHAWK.2 11.00 0.52 0. SLQ-32[V]3 2X-MK 137 LCHRs (Combined MK 53 SRBOC & NULKA LCHR) (1 OF 2) 2X-MK 137 LCHRs Loads (4NULKA.00 -6.00 0.00 0.5 0.00 0.2 8.06 3.00 159 79 SPARTAN STK 42 482 159 79 40 400 4.52 0.52 0.00 0.00 163 VTUAV 42 163 40 11. 1X & WORKSHOP ECM.00 154 SPARTAN 23 154 20 10.84 -3.00 0. 2X & WORKSHOP CIWS.52 0.6 1.00 0.4 0.66 0.00 161 VTUAV 26 161 20 3.57 1.00 42 0 32 87 0.00 0.00 162 VTUAV 492 162 400 3.00 2.00 152 SEW 21 152 20 0.00 158 SPARTAN 791 158 700 2.00 11.60 -3.61 0.00 0.00 37.00 5 0.52 0.00 0.00 .00 73.00 21.00 155 SPARTAN 26 155 20 2.00 0.00 37. 12 SRBOC) (2 OF 2) 1x 11M MODULAR SPARTAN DET USV VEHICLE and STOWAGE 1X 11M MODULAR SPARTAN (USV) DET .00 0.00 37.00 37.00 0.1 MIW SUPPORT MODULE 1X 11M MODULAR SPARTAN DET .41 -3.96 -3.00 0.00 37.50 5.00 Page 35 14 0 8 6.00 37.52 0.00 0 0 0 40 0.6 -6.3 0.

56 – 0. CRP. COGAG 1xLM2500+. 1x PC2/16DG . CODAG 1xLM2500+. mechanical. mechanical. 2x WR21/29 Option 17) 2 shafts. FPP. mechanical.0-10. 3 = Advanced Composite Hull: Flare or Tumblehome 1: flare= 10 deg. 1x PC2/16DG Option 11) 2 shafts. 2x PC2/16 Option 16) 2 shafts. CRP. COGAG 1xMT30. GT 2x LM2500+ 2x Epicycle gear Option 12) 2 shafts. CRP. mechanical.5-17. 2xMT30 Option 3) 1 shaft. Trade-off studies are performed within the design space using a multi-objective genetic optimization to search for all feasible non-dominated combinations of design variable values based on cost.2 Prismatic coefficient 0. GT 4x LM2500+ Option 14) 2 shafts. FPP. CODLAG 1x MT30.8 Beam to Draft ratio 2. mechanical. CODLAG 1x LM2500+. CODAG 2x LM2500+. risk and overall effectiveness. DV # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DV Name LWL LtoB LtoD BtoT Cp Cx Crd VD Cdhmat HULLtype BALtype PSYS Table 20 – ADF Design Variables Description Design Space Waterline Length 100-150m Length to Beam ratio 7. CODOG 2x LM2500+. mechanical. FPP.8-3. CRP.85 Raised deck coefficient 0. CRP. 2xLM2500+ Option 2) 1 shaft. CRP.2 Design Space The ADF design space includes twenty-five design variables.7 – 1. 1x PC2/16 Option 7) 1 shaft. mechanical. 2x PC2/16 Option 15) 2 shafts. CRP. 1x PC2/16DG Option 18) 2 shafts. mechanical. CRP. 1x PC2/16DG Option 10) 1 shaft. 1 = compensated fuel tanks Option 1) 1 shaft. 2x Epicycle gear Option 13) 2 shafts. mechanical. mechanical. CODOG 1xLM2500+. 1x WR21/29 Option 8) 1 shaft. CODLAG 2x MT30. mechanical. mechanical. 1x PC2/16 Option 6) 1 shaft. CRP. mechanical. GT 2xMT30. CRP. Table 20 lists the design variables that comprise the ADF design space.64 Maximum section coefficient 0. CODOG 1xMT30. 2: flare = -10 deg Ballast/fuel system type Propulsion system alternative 0 = clean ballast. CRP. mechanical. 1x PC2/16 Option 4) 1 shaft. CODAG 1xMT30.75 – 0. 2 = Aluminum. COGAG 2x LM2500+. CODLAG 2x LM2500+.0 Length to Depth ratio 10.0 Deckhouse volume 2000-4000 m3 Deckhouse material 1 = Steel. FPP. 1x PC2/16 Option 5) 1 shaft. 1x WR21/29 Option 9) 1 shaft. CRP. CRP. mechanical. mechanical. mechanical. CRP.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 36 3. mechanical.

2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. IPS. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 2) SPY-3 (3 panel). FPP. SLQ-32(V) 3. SRBOC.6or7 45-60 days 0 = none. SRBOC. 1x PC2/16DG Option 20) 2 shafts.10. 1 = partial. 3x MT30 GTG. mine avoidance sonar Option 2) LFA/VDS. NIXIE. SQR-19 TACTAS. IPS. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. 1x PC2/16DG Option 25) 2 pods.17-26: GSYS=5.500 kW) Option 6) 2 x CAT3516V16 DG Option 7) 2 x CAT3608 IL8 DG For PSYS=9. 1x PC2/16DG Option 22) 2 shafts. SQQ 89. IPS. NIXIE Option 1) MK 45 5IN/62 Mod 4 gun. 2 = full 0 = none. 1xPC2/16DG Option 23) 2 pods. IPS. 1 = degaussing system 0. 1x PC2/16DG Option 26) 2 pods. Small Arms Locker Option 1) Enhanced CCC Option 2) Basic CCC Option 1) Embarked 2xLAMPS w/Hangar Option 2) LAMPS haven Option 3) LAMPS refueling Option 1) 2xCIWS. NULKA Option 3) SLQ-32(V) 3. SRBOC. 1 RHIB. SPS73(V)12. 3x MT30GTG. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 1) SQS-56. 2x LM2500+GTG. 1x PC2/16DG Option 24) 2 pods. 2x MT30GTG. FPP.5 – 0. SQQ 89. 1 RHIB.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 37 Option 19) 2 shafts.500 kW) Option 2) 4 x CAT 3515V16 DG Option 3) 4 x CAT3608 IL8 DG Option 4) 3 x CAT3608 IL8 DG Option 5) 2 x DDA Allison 501K34 GTG (@3. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 3) SPY-1D (2 panel). 3x LM2500+GTG. 2x LM2500+GTG. IPS. IPS. NULKA Option 1) 64 cells. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 1) 2xLCS Option 2) 1xLCS 13 GSYS Ship Service Generator system alternatives 14 15 16 17 18 Ts Ncps Ndegaus Cman AAW Provisions duration Collective Protection System Degaussing system Manning reduction and automation factor Anti-Air Warfare alternatives 19 ASW/MCM Anti-Submarine Warfare and Mine Countermeasures alternatives Naval Surface Fire Support / ASUW alternatives Command Control Communication alternatives LAMPS alternatives 20 NSFS/ ASUW CCC LAMPS 21 22 23 SDS Self Defense System alternatives Guided Missile Launching System alternatives LCS-equivalent Modules 24 25 GMLS MODULES . FPP. 3xLM2500+GTG. IPS. MK86 GFCS. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 2) 32 cells. 2xMT30GTG. FPP. NULKA Option 2) 1xCIWS. MK86 GFCS. SLQ-32(V) 3. Small Arms Locker Option 2) MK 3 57 mm gun. IPS. SPS-73(V)12.1 Option 1) SPY-3 (4 panel). 1x PC2/16DG Option 1) 3 x DDA Allison 501K34 GTG (@3. 1x PC2/16DG Option 21) 2 shafts.

Weapons system options (DV 18-25) are in Section 3.3 Ship Synthesis Model A ship synthesis model was created in Model Center using several modules of FORTRAN code.1. Provisions duration (DV 14) is discussed in Section 3.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 38 Design variables 1 through 10 pertain to hull dimensions and attributes. Each module is interconnected to other modules as indicated in Table 21 and as detailed below: Figure 27 – Ship Synthesis Model in Model Center (MC) . and as synthesis proceeds there is a cascade affect that terminates at the last three modules. cost. Ballast system type (DV 11) determines whether clean ballast or compensated fuel tanks should be used. and each module deals with an aspect of the baseline design.4 of the report. The propulsion and generator system options (DV 12 and 13) are discussed in Section 3. The purpose of the ship synthesis model is to assess an array of candidate designs based on feasibility. cost. 3.2. and Overall Measure of Effectiveness (OMOE). The synthesis model is made up of fourteen modules: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Input Combat Propulsion Hull Space Available Electric Resistance 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) Weight Tankage Space Required Feasibility Cost Risk OMOE Figure 27 is a schematic of the synthesis process. risk. risk.1. The modules are linked together in a cascading fashion.2.2. and effectiveness. Notice how the process begins with an input module.

The depth at station 10 is calculated and a payload for each combat system alternative is found and ultimately summed. • Propulsion Module The propulsion module calculates the propulsion and generator system characteristics based on the selected propulsion and generator alternatives. and using a Taylor Series surface area is calculated. and water-plane coefficients. the module calculates the total hull displacement including appendages. The module finally estimates the required electrical and power payload. • Hull Module The hull form module calculates hull characteristics including block. . as well as the number of hull decks. Vertical centers of gravity. The efficiency is then calculated based on the propulsion type selected and a set of updated propulsion characteristics is outputted. volume. and the required deckhouse and hull volume associated with the combat system selection are determined. The module ensures that the particular sonar type chosen meets the minimum surface area and volume requirements. Hull geometry is inputted into the module.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 39 Module Name Combat Input Combat Propulsion Hull SpaceA Electric Resistance Weight Tankage SpaceR Feasibility Cost OMOE Risk feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into feeds into x Propulsion x x Table 21 – The Interrelationship between Modules Modules Hull x x x SpaceA x x x x Electric x x x x x x Resistance x x x x Weight x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Tankage x x x SpaceR x x x x Feasibility x Cost x x x OMOE x x x x x Risk x • Input Module The purpose of this module is to distribute the necessary variables to the other modules. The design variables that make up the design space are stored in this module as well as a set of governing design parameters. Further. These variables and design parameters are subsequently passed into the following modules: • Combat Module This module calculates payload characteristics based on the selected combat system alternatives. an area allocated to inlet and exhaust is found. Additionally. This entails referencing a spreadsheet of propulsion characteristics.

the space available is calculated. waste oil. electric power and stability? It does this by creating ratios of the difference between available and required values to the required value. Bare hull total resistance is calculated from viscous. and machinery box volume is outputted. etc) are estimated and hydrostatic stability (GM) is calculated. and other properties that have effect on the amount of required fuel are entered into the module. the available volume. Finally. It does so by first determining the amount of required manning. fresh water. Based on deckhouse volume. The minimum depth at station 10 is calculated to prevent flooding. • Electric Module This module calculates the total electrical load and the volume of the auxiliary machinery room. • Feasibility Module This module is vital because it determines whether a ship is balanced and feasible. hull depth. A margin is added to each SWBS group and a total ship weight is found. and manning requirements. fuel handling. Freeboard is calculated at various stations along the length of the ship and total hull. sustained speed. lube oil. specific fuel consumption. Will it float at its design waterline? Does it have sufficient space. . • Resistance Module The resistance module calculates hull resistance using the Holtrop-Mennen and ITTC equations which require resistance to be broken down into components. From a set of design characteristics. By subtracting the volume allocated to machinery space and tankage. For a given ship design to be feasible. power. • Weight Module Weight and vertical center of gravity estimates are calculated in this module. inlet and exhaust area. the module calculates habitability. The required electrical power required per generator is then predicted and the 24 hour average electrical load is calculated. endurance and sustained speed are estimated by this module. maintain hull strength. AC. An appropriate propeller diameter is also estimated. ship. Weight is found according to SWBS number. and to accommodate the machinery box. • Space Required Module This module estimates space requirements and the amount of arrange-able area. wavemaking. Feasibility ratios are created for endurance speed. Volume of tanks such as sewage. The annual number of gallons of fuel used is then determined based on 2500 hours of operation. tankage requirements are found using Navy DDS 200-1 to estimate endurance fuel. and the number of shafts. maximum heating. in Machinery Weight (W200). and transom resistance with an associated correlation allowance. Inputs such as endurance speed. and the total available area. a deckhouse weight and fluid weights (fuel. For instance. ballast. bulb. electrical power. endurance range. Vertical centers of gravity are then found for each weight group using parametric equations. every ratio must be positive and with in a tolerance of five percent. deckhouse arrange-able area.ADF Design – VT Team 5 • Space Available Module Page 40 This module calculates the available space from hull and deckhouse characteristics. a minimum stability ratio and maximum stability ratio. Shaft horsepower. weight largely is dependent on propulsion type. • Tankage Module In this module. this module determines whether a concept ship can meet its minimum requirements. tankage volume. etc). Electrical power is next summed for each auxiliary source (firefighting. and compensated fuel are calculated. total arrange-able area.

0 and threshold value of 0 is assigned to a specific MOP to a specific mission area for a specific mission type. propulsion power.2 Support area anti-air defense AAW . At this point Expert Choice is used to conduct pairwise comparison to calculate the weights for the MOPs based off of their relative importance to a specific mission type.1 Overall Measure of Effectiveness (OMOE) The Overall Measure of Effectiveness (OMOE) is a single overall figure of merit ranging from 0-1. susceptibility. etc.2.0 and is based on Measures of Performance (MOPi). An OMOE value is obtained by creating a weighted sum of ship design characteristics.4 Objective Attributes 3. • OMOE Module Finally. Risk is calculated in three forms: performance. and weighting factor (wi). SEW AAW GMLS SEW AAW GMLS SEW Goal AAW=1 GMLS=1 SEW=1 AAW=1 GMLS=1 SEW=1 AAW=1 GMLS=1 SEW=1 Threshold AAW=3 GMLS=2 SEW=1 AAW=3 GMLS=2 SEW=1 AAW=3 GMLS=2 SEW=1 AAW 1. manning. number of enlisted. vulnerability. The OMOR process is detailed in Section 3. These MOPs are then organized into an OMOE hierarchy (Figure 28) which assigns the MOPs into groups such as mission. The OMOE is calculated based on the seventeen MOPs in this module. In these calculations. and a ship delivery cost. mobility. • Risk Module This module is used in order to assess the risk involved in building a particular ship design. A total ownership cost is then found by summing lifecycle fuel. the first step is to identify the MOPs that are critical to the ship mission with goal values of 1.4. The equation for this OMOE is: OMOE = g [VOPi ( MOPi )]= ∑ wiVOPi ( MOPi ) i (1) To build the OMOE function. propulsion option. and Figures D1 – D16 in Appendix D show the lower level pairwise comparison results.ADF Design – VT Team 5 • Cost Module Page 41 This module predicts the lead and the follow ship acquisition cost and life cycle cost.1 Provide area anti-air defense AAW AAW 1. Major influences on risk are variables like deckhouse material. and combat systems options. These terms are then used in calculating an Overall Measure Of Risk (OMOR) of the concept design.0 and threshold values of 0 (Table 22 and Table 23). inflation and a margin among other variables. this module quantifies the effectiveness of a particular concept using an Overall Measure Of Effectiveness (OMOE). Each of these groups receives its own weight and is incorporated into the OMOE under specific mission types such as SAG or CBG.4. number of crew. Figure 29 shows the overall pairwise comparison results. Table 22 – ROC/MOP/DV Summary ROCs AAW 1 Description Provide anti-air defense MOP AAW Related DV AAW. cost and scheduling. Values of Performance (VOPi). OMOE is calculated as in Section 3. Each characteristic or Measure Of Performance (MOP) is assigned a Value Of Performance (VOP) between a threshold value of zero and goal value of one. It estimates cost based on ship weight by SWBS group. the life of the ship is considered to be 30 years.4. GMLS.1. manning reduction factor. where the sum of these weights equals 1. 3. A VOP with goal value of 1.

FSO (NCO) LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 AMW 6. RCS.5 ASU 1. FSO (NCO) LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 AMW 14 ASU 1 ASU 1. IR.4 Serve as a helo hangar ASW. FSO (NCO) LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 AMW 6. ASUW. ASUW. FSO (NCO) LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 AMW 6.9 ASU 2 NSFS ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW ASUW. ASUW. IR.3 AAW 2 AAW 3 AAW 5 Provide unit anti-air self defense Provide anti-air defense in cooperation with other forces Support Theater Ballistic Missile Defense (TBMD) Provide passive and soft kill anti-air defense Detect. PSYS CCC CCC SEW VD PSYS SEW VD PSYS SEW VD PSYS AAW 6 AAW. IR. VD. ASUW. RCS AAW 9 AAW.5 Serve as a helo haven ASW. FSO (NCO) LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 AMW 12 ASW.6 ASU 1.1 ASU 1.2 ASU 1. FSO NSFS ASUW LAMPS ASUW LAMPS ASUW LAMPS NSFS NSFS NSFS NSFS CCC NSFS=1 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 NSFS=1 NSFS=1 NSFS=1 NSFS=1 CCC=1 NSFS=2 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 NSFS=2 NSFS=2 NSFS=2 NSFS=2 CCC=2 . RCS SSD. IR AAW AAW AAW.3 ASW.3 ASU 1. Short/Vertical Take-off and Landing and airborne autonomous vehicle (AAV) operations Conduct all-weather helo ops AAW.6 Conduct helo air refueling Provide air control and coordination of air operations Support/conduct Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) against designated targets in support of an amphibious operation Engage surface threats with anti-surface armaments Engage surface ships at long range Engage surface ships at medium range Engage surface ships at close range (gun) Engage surface ships with medium caliber gunfire Engage surface ships with minor caliber gunfire Engage surface ships with small arms gunfire Engage surface ships in cooperation with other forces ASW. ASUW. identify and track air targets Engage airborne threats using surface-toair armament Conduct day and night helicopter. RCS AMW 6 ASW.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 42 SDS=1 VD=1500 m3 CCC=1 CCC=1 SEW=1 VD=1500 m3 SEW=1 VD=1500 m3 SEW=1 VD=1500 m3 LAMPS=1 SDS=2 VD=2000 m3 CCC=2 CCC=2 SEW=1 VD=2000 m3 SEW=1 VD=2000 m3 SEW=1 VD=2000 m3 LAMPS=3 AAW 1. ASUW. FSO (NCO) LAMPS AMW 6.

3 ASW 4 ASW 5 ASW 7 Detect and track a surface target Detect and track a surface target with radar Disengage. FSO CCC ASW. avoid and deceive submarines Provide command and control facilities Provide a Helicopter Direction Center (HDC) Coordinate and control the operations of the task organization or functional force to carry out assigned missions Provide own unit Command and Control Maintain data link capability Provide communications for own unit Relay communications Perform cooperative engagement Conduct towing/search/salvage rescue operations Conduct SAR operations Conduct port control functions Provide routine health care Provide first aid assistance Provide triage of casualties/patients Support/conduct intelligence collection Provide intelligence Conduct surveillance and reconnaissance ASUW ASUW ASUW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW ASW 7.1 ASW 1. ASW. LAMPS CCC=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 LAMPS=1 LAMPS=1 CCC=1 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 CCC=2 CCC=2 CCC=2 CCC=2 CCC=2 CCC=2 LAMPS=3 LAMPS=3 CCC=2 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 LAMPS LAMPS=1 LAMPS=3 . AAW CCC CCC CCC. FSO FSO FSO FSO All designs All designs All designs INT INT INT CCC CCC CCC CCC CCC CCC LAMPS LAMPS CCC. evade. ASUW.6 ASW ASW CCC CCC. ASUW CCC 2 CCC 3 CCC 4 CCC 6 CCC 9 CCC 21 FSO 5 FSO 6 FSO 8 FSO 9 FSO 10 FSO 11 INT 1 INT 2 INT 3 CCC. ASUW.ADF Design – VT Team 5 ASUW LAMPS ASUW LAMPS ASUW ASW ASW ASW ASW. evade and avoid surface attack Engage submarines Engage submarines at long range Engage submarines at medium range Engage submarines at close range Conduct airborne ASW/recon Support airborne ASW/recon Attack submarines with antisubmarine armament Engage submarines with torpedoes Disengage. PSYS LAMPS LAMPS CCC ASW LAMPS CCC ASW LAMPS CCC ASW CCC CCC Page 43 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 ASUW=1 LAMPS=1 ASUW=1 ASW=1 ASW=1 ASW=1 ASW=1 PSYS=516 LAMPS=1 LAMPS=1. CCC=1 ASW=1 LAMPS=1 CCC=1 ASW=1 LAMPS=1 CCC=1 ASW=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 ASUW=2 LAMPS=3 ASUW=2 ASW=3 ASW=3 ASW=3 ASW=3 PSYS=1-4 LAMPS=3 LAMPS=3 CCC=2 ASW=3 LAMPS=3 CCC=2 ASW=3 LAMPS=3 CCC=2 ASW=3 CCC=2 CCC=2 ASU 4 ASU 4.2 ASW 1.1 ASU 6 ASW 1 ASW 1.6 ASW 8 CCC 1 CCC 1.

2 MOB 5 Process surveillance and reconnaissance information Disseminate surveillance and reconnaissance information Provide intelligence support for noncombatant evacuation operation (NEO) Conduct mine avoidance Conduct magnetic silencing (degaussing. scuttle. CCC MIW Magnetic Signature Magnetic Signature Sustained Speed. airmanship and navigation tasks (navigate. deperming) Maintain magnetic signature limits Steam to design capacity in most fuel efficient manner Support/provide aircraft for all-weather operations Prevent and control damage Counter and control NBC contaminants and agents Maneuver in formation Perform seamanship. anchor. life boat/raft capacity. CCC INT. ASUW.ADF Design – VT Team 5 INT 8 INT 9 INT 15 MIW 4 MIW 6 MIW 6. FSO (NCO) VUL NBC All designs Degauss Degauss Degauss Hullform PSYS LAMPS Cdhmat CPS Yes Yes Yes Page 44 Yes Yes Yes Vs = 20 knt E = 3500 nm LAMPS=3 Cdhmat = 3 steel CPS=0 (none) Vs = 30 knts E=5000 LAMPS=1 Cdhmat =1 Composite CPS=2 (full) MOB 7 All designs MOB 10 MOB 12 All designs All designs MOB 13 provisions Ts 60 days 45 days MOB 16 MOB 17 MOB 18 NCO 3 NCO 19 SEW 2 SEW 3 SEW 5 STW 3 All designs Seakeeping index Compensated Fuel System/ Clean Ballast All designs NCO AAW AAW AAW STK ASUW NSFS SEW SEW CCC GMLS CCC ASUW =1 NSFS=1 SEW=1 SEW=1 CCC=1 GMLS=1 CCC=1 ASUW = 1 NSFS = 2 SEW=1 SEW=1 CCC=2 GMLS=2 CCC=2 hullform BalType MCR=15 BalType=1 MCR=4 BalType=1 . mooring.7 MOB 1 MOB 2 MOB 3 MOB 3. CCC INT. Endurance Range ASW. tow/be-towed) Replenish at sea Maintain health and well being of crew Operate and sustain self as a forward deployed unit for an extended period of time during peace and war without shorebased support Operate in day and night environments Operate in heavy weather Operate in full compliance of existing US and international pollution control laws and regulations Provide upkeep and maintenance of own unit Conduct maritime law enforcement operations Conduct sensor and ECM operations Conduct sensor and ECCM operations Conduct coordinated SEW operations with other units Support/conduct multiple cruise missile strikes INT.

10.10. Vuln. Vuln. ASUW/ NSFS CCC / ISR STK Mobility Survivability RCS Acoustic Mag. 11-16 Ndegaus = 0 PSYS=1-8.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Table 23 – MOPs MOP # 1 MOP AAW Metric AAW option GMLS option SDS option CCC option ASW option LAMPS option GMLS option CCC option MODULE option NSFS option CCC option STK option GMLS option McCreight index nm days knots Ballast option Deckhouse volume PSYS option Degaussing option PSYS option Deckhouse material CPS option Goal AAW=1 GMLS=1 SDS=1 CCC=1 ASW=1 LAMPS=1 GMLS=1 CCC=1 MODULE=1 NSFS=1 CCC=1 CCC=1 GMLS=1 McC=15 E=5000nm Ts=60 Vs=35knt BALtype=1 VD=2500m3 PSYS=9. NBC Homeland Defense / Interdiction War Fighting AAW ASW MOD. Vuln. 17-26 Ndegaus = 1 PSYS=9. ENV NBC War Fighting Independent Ops Mobility AAW ASW MOD. 11-16 Cdhmat=1 Ncps=1 Page 45 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 ASW Modules (xLCS) NSFS/ASUW CCC/ISR STK Seakeeping E Ts Vs Environmental RCS Acoustic Signature Magnetic Signature IR Signature VUL NBC OMOE SAG War Fighting AAW ASW MOD. CAP. ASUW / NSFS CCC / ISR STK Mobility Survivability RCS Acoustic Mag IR Str. NBC SeaKeep E Ts Vs Seakeep E Ts Vs ENV Seakeep E Ts Vs ENV Figure 28 – OMOE Hierarchy . CAP. ASUW / NSFS CCC/ ISR STK Survivability RCS Acoustic Mag IR Str. 17-26 Cdhmat=3 Ncps=2 Threshold AAW=3 GMLS=2 SDS=3 CCC=2 ASW=2 LAMPS=3 GMLS=2 CCC=2 MODULE=2 NSFS=2 CCC=2 CCC=2 GMLS=2 McC=4 E=3500nm Ts=45 Vs=30knt BALtype=0 VD=3300m3 PSYS=1-8. CAP. IR Str.

Table 26 is the risk register. Table 25 show the consequence level of that risk when it occurs.7 0.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 46 Figure 29 – Bar Chart Showing MOP Weights 3. The risk for a selected technology is found by the following equation where Pi is the probability that risk event i will occur. Risk = Ri = Pi ⋅ C i Table 24 shows the estimates for the probability of a risk event occurring. and C i is the consequence of risk event i. and schedule) as required. Each ship system and design variables present a certain amount of risk in the overall ship.9 Table 24 – Event Probability Estimate What is the Likelihood the Risk Event Will Occur? Remote Unlikely Likely Highly likely Near Certain . OMOR = W perf ∑ i wi Pi C i + Wcos t ∑ w j Pj C j + W sched ∑ wk Pk C k j k ∑ wi i Probability 0.3 0. which lists the risk events for schedule. cost.5 0. and schedule. cost. cost. Pair wise comparison is used to calculate the hierarchy weights (performance.4.2 Overall Measure of Risk (OMOR) In the design of naval ships there are systems and new technologies that have not yet undergone thorough testing. Consider three types of risk: performance. and performance of each DV option.1 0. The overall measure of risk (OMOR) is the numerical value of risk involved in the overall ship design.

16 0.3 0.3 0.7 0. <5% reduction in margin able to meet need dates Acceptable with significant Minor slip in key milestones. acquisition and integration cost overruns CODLAG Schedule delays impact program ICR Development and Implementation ICR Development.17.2 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0. recuperator problems Reduced Reliability (unproven) Shock and vibration of full scale system unproven Unproven for USN.15 0.5 0.10.4 0.18 9.6 Ci 0.4 0.24 0.27 0. recuperator problems Unproven.17.8 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.16 0.6 0.28 0.6 Ri 0.4 0.18 9.10.6 0.9 Table 25 – Event Consequence Estimate Given the Risk is Realized.4 0.12 0.3 0.6 0.56 0. no remaining Major slip in key milestone or 7-10% margin critical path impacted Unacceptable Can’t achieve key team or >10% major program milestone Related DV # DV9 DV9 DV9 DV9 DV10 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV12 DV Options 3 3 3 3 2 19-26 19-26 19-26 9.4 0.42 0.5 0. and fire In development and test performance does not meet performance predictions Composite material cost overruns In development and test impact program Composite material schedule delays In development and test impact program Tumblehome Seakeeping Seakeeping not satisfactory Performance IPS Development and Reduced reliability and Implementation performance (un-proven) IPS Development.5 0. 5-7% reduction in margin not able to meet need date Acceptable.6 0.7 0.36 . recuperator problems Unproven.3 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.18 0.4 0.6 0.10.1 0. What Is the Magnitude of the Impact? Performance Schedule Cost Minimal or no impact Minimal or no impact Minimal or no impact Acceptable with some Additional resources required.5 0.5 0. large size Unproven for USN.5 0.2 0. large size Event # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Pi 0.18 PENGtype =2 PENGtype =2 PENGtype =2 23-26 23-26 23-26 23-26 DV Description Deckhouse Material Deckhouse Material Deckhouse Material Deckhouse Material Hull Type Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Propulsion Systems Table 26 – Risk Register Risk Risk Description Event Ei Composite material producibility USN lack of experience problems with material Composite material RCS.4 0.3 0. acquisition and Research and Development integration cost overruns cost overruns IPS Schedule delays impact program In development and test CODLAG Development and Implementation CODLAG Development.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 47 Consequence Level 0. acquisition and integration cost overruns ICR Schedule delays impact program Development and Implementation of podded propulsion Development and Implementation of podded propulsion Podded Propulsion Implementation Problems Podded Propulsion Schedule delays impact program Unproven USN Ships Unproven USN Ships Unproven USN Ships Unproven.3 0.6 0.1 0.17.3 0.7 0.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 DV18 DV18 DV18 DV17 DV17 DV17 DV24 DV24 DV24 1. manning.2 0.7 0. acquisition and integration cost overruns SPY-3 and AEGIS MK 99 FCS Schedule delays impact program Automation systems development and implementation Automation systems development.5 0.5 0. maintenance.24 0.4. and disposal fee that the ship will need for operation.7 0.6 0.4 0.35 0.28 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0. The total lead ship acquisition cost is illustrated in Figure 30.42 0.3 0.3 0. The total life cycle cost is a sum of the total ship cost.5 0.12 3.18 0.12 0.2 0.7 0.6 0. The post delivery cost accounts for any changes or update from new technology that occur during the construction of the ship. Total Lead Ship Aquisition Cost Total End Cost Post-Delivery Cost (PSA) Government Cost Shipbuilder Cost Other Support Lead Ship Price Change Orders Program Manager's Growth Payload GFE Basic Cost of Construction (BCC) Profit HM&E GFE Margin Cost Integration and Engineering Ship Assembly and Support Other SWBS Costs Outfitting Cost Figure 30 – Naval Ship Acquisition Cost Components .3 Cost The lead ship and follow ship acquisition cost are estimated using a weight-based approach with producibility and complexity factors.4 0.4 0. acquisition and integration cost overruns Automation systems schedule delays impact program PVLS PVLS PVLS Reduced Reliability and Performance (un-proven) Research and Development cost overruns Research and Development schedule delays Reduced Reliability and Performance (un-proven) Research and Development cost overruns Research and Development schedule delays Vulnerability performance Research overruns cost Research overruns time 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Page 48 0.4 0.25 0. The material furnished by the government and the program manager’s cost are accounted for in the total government cost.2 1. The sum of the SWBS costs is used to estimate the basic construction cost.5 1 1 1 AAW Systems AAW Systems AAW Systems Automation Automation Automation GMLS GMLS GMLS SPY-3 and AEGIS MK 99 FCS Development and implementation SPY-3 and AEGIS MK 99 FCS Development.8 0.3 0.2 1. fuel.

and for infeasibility. Figure 32 – OMOE and OMOR Development Process . a small percentage of randomly selected design variable values are mutated or replaced with a new random value. quantitative objective functions are developed for each objective attribute. Twenty-five percent of these are selected for crossover (or swapping) of some of their design variable values. In the first design generation. These are discussed in Section 3. the non-dominated frontier (or surface) of designs is defined as shown in Figure 33.4.5 Multi-Objective Optimization Page 49 The Multi-Objective Genetic Optimization (MOGO) is performed in Model Center using the Darwin optimization plug-in. Figure 31 is a flow chart of the MOGO process. Figure 31 – Multi-Objective Genetic Optimization (MOGO) In order to perform the optimization. The objective attributes include effectiveness.1 and 3. After 300 generations of evolution. The second generation consists of designs randomly selected from the first generation. risk. the optimizer defines a random set of 200 balanced ships using the ship synthesis model (Section 3. As each generation of ships is selected.ADF Design – VT Team 5 3. Effectiveness and risk are quantified using overall measures of effectiveness and risk developed as illustrated in Figure 32 and described in Sections 3. Each ship on the non-dominated frontier provides the highest effectiveness for a given cost and risk compared to other designs in the design space.3) to calculate cost and measures of effectiveness and risk. The optimal design is determined by the customer’s preferences for effectiveness. Penalties are applied to designs that occur at bunching (or “niching”) points in the design space. This ranking is called the ship’s fitness level.2. This population is ranked according to dominance of each design in the objective attributes. the ships spread across the effectiveness/cost/risk design space and form a frontier. These are then weighted to apply higher selection probabilities to ships with higher fitness levels. and cost.4. cost and risk. In addition.4.

Finally. and the extensive combat systems onboard. Table 27 shows the design options that were chosen in this baseline design. Close attention is paid to the “knees” of the curve. High effectiveness was achieved from a good compromise of the seventeen Measures of Performance (MOP). and the Z-axis represents the risk. and a high overall effectiveness. Table 30 shows these MOPs and the weight that each one carries to ultimately yield a favorable Overall Measure of Effectiveness (OMOE). The “knee” of the curve is where there can be a large increase in overall effectiveness with a small cost or risk increase. . high risk and high effectiveness. the tumblehome hull form. This design has high risk. high cost.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 50 3.6 Optimization Results The multi-objective genetic optimization (MOGO) (Figure 33) calculates the non-dominated frontier for the cost. It has the highest effectiveness in the design space for this level of cost and risk. Figure 33 – Non-Dominated Frontier. the Y-axis represents the effectiveness. The design that was chosen for Team 5 is represented on the graph by a large X. Weights and vertical centers of gravity for each SWBS subgroup appear in Table 28 and a ship area summary appears in Table 29. It is a high-end non-dominated design. The high cost and high risk were likely due to the IPS propulsion system.7 Baseline Concept Design The baseline design that was chosen from the non-dominated frontier for Team 5 was a concept with high cost. The X-axis represents the ship cost. the baseline principal characteristics appear in Table 31. risk and effectiveness for several ships. Design # 95 3.

AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 2) SPY-3 (3 panel). -10 deg flare Compensated fuel tanks Option 23) 2 pods. mechanical.17-26: GSYS=5. 1x PC2/16DG Option 18) 2 shafts. IPS. 1x PC2/16DG Option 26) 2 pods. mechanical. 1x PC2/16DG Option 11) 2 shafts. 2x MT30GTG. mechanical.0-10. 2x LM2500+GTG. mechanical. GT 4x LM2500+ Option 14) 2 shafts. 1x WR21/29 Option 8) 1 shaft. COGAG 2x LM2500+. GT 2x LM2500+ 2x Epicycle gear Option 12) 2 shafts. 2xMT30 Option 3) 1 shaft. mine avoidance sonar Option 2) MK 3 57 mm gun. IPS. SQR-19 TACTAS.85 0.7 – 1.1 Option 1) SPY-3 (4 panel). CRP.68 Option 2) SPY-3 (3 panel).56 – 0. 2 = full 0 = none. 2xLM2500+ Option 2) 1 shaft. 1x PC2/16 Option 5) 1 shaft.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Table 27 – Design Variables Summary DV # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Description Waterline Length Length to Beam ratio Length to Depth ratio Beam to Draft ratio Prismatic coefficient Maximum section coefficient Raised deck coefficient Deckhouse volume Deckhouse material Hull: Flare or Tumblehome Ballast/fuel system type Propulsion system alternative Design Range/Option 100-150m 7. mechanical. 2x Epicycle gear Option 13) 2 shafts. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 1) SQS-56. FPP. 1 RHIB. FPP. CRP.779 0. mechanical. NIXIE Option 1) MK 45 5IN/62 Mod 4 gun. 1 RHIB. CRP. 1x PC2/16 Option 6) 1 shaft. mechanical.8 2.500 kW) Option 2) 4 x CAT 3515V16 DG Option 3) 4 x CAT3608 IL8 DG Option 4) 3 x CAT3608 IL8 DG Option 5) 2 x DDA Allison 501K34 GTG (@3. CRP. SQQ 89.0 10. CODLAG 1x LM2500+. 1x PC2/16DG Option 20) 2 shafts. CRP. CODLAG 1x MT30.6or7 45-60 days 0 = none. IPS. mechanical.500 kW) Option 6) 2 x CAT3516V16 DG Option 7) 2 x CAT3608 IL8 DG For PSYS=9. 1x PC2/16DG Option 10) 1 shaft. CRP. SPS-73(V)12. 1xPC2/16DG Option 23) 2 pods. 2 x LM2500+GTG. 1 = degaussing system 0. 1x PC2/16DG Option 22) 2 shafts. 1 RHIB. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 3) SPY-1D (2 panel). SQR-19 TACTAS. SQQ 89. IPS. 2: flare = -10 deg 0 = clean ballast.2 0.09 11. CODOG 2x LM2500+. 2 = Aluminum. 3xLM2500+GTG. 3 = Advanced Composite 1: flare= 10 deg. 1x PC2/16DG Option 24) 2 pods.75 – 0. mechanical. CRP. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. IPS.11 2. mechanical. 2x LM2500+GTG. mechanical. mechanical. CRP.5 – 0. CODAG 1xMT30. NIXIE.96 0. FPP. COGAG 1xMT30.64 0. FPP. 3x MT30 GTG. 1x WR21/29 Option 9) 1 shaft. mechanical. 1 = partial. IPS. SPS-73(V)12. 2x WR21/29 Option 17) 2 shafts. IPS. 1x PC2/16DG Option 25) 2 pods. CODLAG 2x LM2500+. FPP. 1x PC2/16DG Option 1) 3 x DDA Allison 501K34 GTG (@3. mechanical. 1x PC2/16DG Option 21) 2 shafts. CODOG 1xMT30. GT 2xMT30. CRP. 1x PC2/16DG Option 19) 2 shafts.5-17. AEGIS MK 99 FCS Option 1) SQS-56. 1x PC2/16 Option 7) 1 shaft. IPS. 3x LM2500+GTG. CODOG 1xLM2500+. 3x MT30GTG. 1 x PC2/16DG 13 Ship Service Generator system alternatives Option 3) 4 x CAT3608 IL8 DG 14 15 16 17 18 Provisions duration Collective Protection System Degaussing system Manning reduction and automation factor Anti-Air Warfare alternatives 50 days Full Degaussing System 0. mine avoidance sonar Option 2) LFA/VDS. 1x PC2/16 Option 4) 1 shaft. Small Arms Locker Option 2) MK 3 57 mm gun. FPP. 1 = compensated fuel tanks Option 1) 1 shaft. CODAG 2x LM2500+. 2xMT30GTG. CRP. mechanical. CRP. CODLAG 2x MT30. SQQ 89. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. CRP. MK86 GFCS. mechanical. COGAG 1xLM2500+. SPS-73(V)12. FPP. MK86 GFCS. 2x PC2/16 Option 16) 2 shafts.0 2000-4000 m3 1 = Steel. CODAG 1xLM2500+. CRP.8-3. mechanical. MK86 GFCS. 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes. CRP. Small Arms Locker Option 1) Enhanced CCC Option 1) Embarked 2xLAMPS w/Hangar 19 20 Anti-Submarine Warfare and Mine Countermeasures alternatives Naval Surface Fire Support / ASUW alternatives 21 22 Command Control Communication alternatives LAMPS alternatives . IPS.783 3413 Steel Tumblehome. mechanical.10. Small Arms Locker Option 1) Enhanced CCC Option 2) Basic CCC Option 1) Embarked 2xLAMPS w/Hangar Page 51 ADF Baseline Value 139m 8.579 0. FPP. 2x PC2/16 Option 15) 2 shafts. NIXIE.

023 0.011 0. SLQ-32(V) 3. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 2) 1xLCS 24 25 Table 28 – Concept Exploration Weights and VCG Summary Group Weight (MT) SWBS 100 SWBS 200 SWBS 300 SWBS 400 SWBS 500 SWBS 600 SWBS 700 Payload Lightship Lightship w/ Margin Full Load w/ Margin 2516 532 286 283 749 504 116 530 5483 5982 7029 Table 29 – Concept Exploration Area Summary Area Required Available Total-Arrangeable Deck House 5155 1128 5158 1138 Table 30 – MOP/ VOP/ OMOE/ OMOR Summary Measure MOP 1 MOP 2 MOP 3 MOP 4 MOP 5 MOP 6 MOP 7 MOP 8 MOP 9 MOP 10 MOP 11 MOP 12 MOP 13 MOP 14 MOP 15 MOP 16 MOP 17 OMOE OMOR Cfola Description AAW ASW Modules (xLCS) ASUW/NSFS CCC/ISR STK Seakeeping Endurance Range. NULKA Option 2) 32 cells.778 1.176 0. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 1) 2xLCS Option 2) 1xLCS Page 52 23 Self Defense System alternatives Guided Missile Launching System alternatives LCS-equivalent Modules Option 1) 2xCIWS.169 0.78 BALtype = 1 VD = 3413 PSYS = 23 Ndegaus = 1 PSYS = 23 Cdhmat = 1 Ncps = 2 Value of Performance 0.071 0. NULKA Option 1) 64 cells. Hulltype = 2 E = 5362 Ts = 60 Vs = 31.619 0.040 0. GMLS =2 MCC = 11.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Option 2) LAMPS haven Option 3) LAMPS refueling Option 1) 2xCIWS.204 0.017 0.071 0.053 0.030 0.119 0. NULKA Option 2) 1xCIWS.075 0.000 0.016 Measure of Effectiveness 0. Ts Sustained Speed. SLQ-32(V) 3.509 641. MK 41 and/or MK57 PVLS Option 2) 32 cells.016 0. CCC = 1 ASW =1.013 0.000 0.286 1.641 0. Vs Environmental RCS Acoustic Signature Magnetic Signature IR Signature Vulnerability NBC Overall Measure of Effectiveness Overall Measure of Risk Follow-Ship Acquisition Cost Metric AAW = 2.978 0. CCC = 1 MODULES = 2 NSFS = 2 CCC = 1 CCC = 1. NULKA Option 3) SLQ-32(V) 3.079 0.165 0.830 0.623 0.007 0. SLQ-32(V) 3.014 0.026 0.845 1.000 1.863 0. E Provisions Duration. GMLS = 2. SRBOC.000 1.036 0. GMLS = 2. SRBOC. SRBOC.014 0.020 0.076 0.003 0.005 0.000 MOP Weight 0.075 0.053 0.032 0.841 0. LAMPS = 1.800 0.001 0.020 0.094 0. SDS = 1.014 0.000 0.99 Table 31 – Concept Exploration Baseline Design Principal Characteristics .08.087 1. SRBOC.

and crosssectional coefficient (Cx). 2 x LM2500+GTG.28635 0. electrical.8 12. Additional ASSET data summaries are given in Appendix E. pods.0 17. IPS. CBT W1 (MT) W2 (MT) W3 (MT) W4 (MT) W5 (MT) W6 (MT) W7 (MT) Lightship D (MT) KG (m) GM/B= Propulsion system Engine inlet and exhaust Area (m2) ASW/MCM system ASUW system AAW system Number of LAMPS Average deck height (m) Total Officers Total Enlisted Total Manning Lead Ship Acquisition Cost ($M) Average Follow Ship Acquisition Cost ($M) Life Cycle Cost ($M) Baseline Value Wave-Piercing Tumblehome. standard naval combatant vessel requirements. Small Arms Locker SPY-3 (2 panel). expert opinion.5 139. 1 RHIB.2 5. -10 deg Flare 12. ASSET creates a hullform to baseline characteristics: length (L). and their respective data summaries are shown in Figure 34 Figure 41. SQQ 89.8 SQD-56.08055 2 Pods.46 Page 53 3. combat. Views of the hull.10 2. Once all ship parameters were entered into Asset.5 14. prismatic coefficient (Cp). Baseline characteristics were chosen according to mission requirements. SQR-19 TACTAS MK 3 57 mm gun.99 1119. SPS-73(V)12. MK86 GFCS.96 2516 532 286 283 749 504 116 5483 7.8 ASSET Final Concept Baseline The hullform of ADF 95 is based on a conventional DD-1000 Wave-Piercing Tumblehome (WPTH) parent hullform from the Advanced Surface Ship Evaluation Tool (ASSET). and the multi-objective genetic optimization results stemming from the ship synthesis model. beam (B). and mechanical systems that were modified throughout the design spiral to best address the needs of the Initial Capabilities Document and the Acquisition Decision Memorandum. depth (D). NIXIE. 1 x PC2/16DG 178. hull midsection.35 641.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Characteristic Hull form D (MT) LWL (m) Beam (m) Draft (m) D10 (m) Displacement to Length Ratio. AEGIS MK 99 FCS 1 3 23 223 246 919. CDL (lton/ft) Beam to Draft Ratio. 2 x MK 32 Triple Tubes. draft (T). the program returned baseline values for propulsion. machinery arrangements. .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 54 Figure 34 – Hull Isometric View Figure 35 – Design Summary Report .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 55 Figure 36 – Ship Machinery Layout Figure 37 – Machinery Module Summary .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 56 Figure 38 – Propulsion Inboard Appendages Profile View Figure 39 – Propulsor Module Summary .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 57 Figure 40 – Section View at the Structural Design Location Figure 41 – Hull Structure Module Summary .

radar cross section. and function. The first step in creating the cartoon was to create profile and plan views of our ship in Rhino and then print them out to use as an outline. major tanks. propulsion. engine intake and exhaust. inlet and exhaust trunks and major tanks.ADF Design – VT Team 5 4 Concept Development (Feasibility Study) Page 58 Concept Development of ASC follows the design spiral in sequence after Concept Exploration. transverse bulkheads. and primary spaces were determined. areas and large objects would fit into the ship. damage stability. mission spaces. an arrangement cartoon was developed for areas supporting mission operations. Required areas and volumes were determined from the baseline synthesis model and were used to help determine arrangements. a reduction in Vertical Launch System (VLS) space. The preliminary arrangement cartoon is shown in Figure 42. and the addition of more combat systems topside. trim. machinery spaces. systems and arrangements are developed. large object placement. survivability. The transverse bulkheads and decks were sketched by hand on the profile and plan views along with topside arrangements. These general concepts are refined into specific systems and subsystems that meet the ORD requirements. and other critical constrained functions. Design risk is reduced by this analysis and parametrics used in Concept Exploration are validated. . decks. Figure 42 – Preliminary Arrangement Cartoon After reviewing the cartoon. 4. and all general arrangements. To accomplish this. In Concept Development the general concepts for the hull.1 Preliminary Arrangement (Cartoon) As a preliminary step in finalizing hull form geometry. several corrections were required including a continuous deckhouse. deck house geometry. the re-orientation of engines. While creating the cartoon. many things were taken into consideration including stability. The arrangement cartoon was created to ensure all the necessary volumes. structural efficiency.

Blocks within the bow were given numbers in 1000. claw chart. blocks containing machinery 3000.ADF Design – VT Team 5 4. a block breakout. and master construction schedule were created. The shape of the bulb at the bow will be a constant elliptical crosssection. on board construction blocks 5000. only slight contours will be used. and the master construction schedule is the process from contract to delivery. blocks containing hull cargo 2000. the claw chart in Table 32. For construction purposes. and in circumstances in which double curvature plates are required. and high-skill construction blocks were 6000. Figure 43 – Block Breakout Table 32 – Claw Chart Week 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 5320 5220 5220 2350 2250 2150 3150 1350 POD POD POD 5330 5120 5130 1250 1150 4250 4450 3350 3250 ENG #3 1230 GEN #3 3450 1120 4350 4150 ENG #2 1330 4400 4300 4200 4100 5300 3400 3440 GEN #1 4130 ENG #1 4240 3330 2230 GEN #2 2130 1320 1220 3140 3240 2330 2120 3110 5200 3300 3320 5100 3200 3210 2320 2220 2300 2200 2100 3100 1300 1200 1100 . The performance penalty of these production-favorable attributes will be minimal as shown in model testing. The claw chart is the construction of blocks by week. and the master construction schedule in Table 33.2 Design for Producibility Page 59 The ideal build strategy for ADF 95 is to create a highly producible hull form. The deckhouse will also be comprised predominately of flat plates and straight frames to maximize producibility. flat plates and straight frames will be used in place of contoured members. blocks in the stern 4000. the ship was section according to groups. and a lengthy parallel midbody will also be used for ease of production. For the block breakout. Wherever possible. The block breakout is shown in Figure 43. Single curvature plates will be used to create most contours.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 25 POD 5140 Page 60 EVENT 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 Table 33 – Master Construction Schedule DURATION DESCRIPTION (MONTHS) AWARD CONTRACT (M) 0 DETAIL PROCUREMENT 38 MATERIAL PROCUREMENT 42 MFG/PRODUCTION PLANNING 40 LOFTING 21 START CONSTRUCTION (M) 0 STRUCTURAL FAB/ASSEMBLY 24 LAY KEEL (M) 0 STRUCTURAL ERECTION 20 MACHINERY INSTALLATION 30 PIPING INSTALLATION 32 ELECT/ELEX INSTALLATION 30 HVAC INSTALLATION 25 TANK/VOID CLOSEOUTS 16 STERN RELEASE (M) 0 SYSTEMS TESTING 20 LAUNCH (M) 0 ON-BOARD OUTFITTING 14 COMPARTMENT CLOSEOUTS 14 DRYDOCKING 1 INCLINING 0 DOCK TRIALS (M) 0 BUILDER'S TRIALS (M) 0 ACCEPTANCE TRIALS (M) 0 DELIVERY (M) 0 MBD 60 60 59 58 52 42 42 38 38 37 35 34 32 24 23 22 20 19 17 14 13 7 5 3 0 .

3 Hull Form and Deck House 4. and the deckhouse are angled at 10 degrees to reduce radar cross section.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 61 4. and sonar dome were modified.51 Cp .3.81 D10 12. the transom.579 Cx . The body view in Figure 44 and the profile view of the hullform in Figure 45 show the 10 degree flare. The hull above the water line. The baseline hull characteristics are given in Table 34. large enough deck and volume areas to support propulsion and mission systems.779 Topside Flare -10° Deckhouse Volume 3836 m3 The hull form of ADF 95 is a wave piercing tumblehome (WPTH). and good sea keeping ability. the pilot house and the angled transom. top deck. Figure 44 – Body View . minimum radar cross section (RCS).18 T 5.1 Hullform There were several objectives for designing the hull including minimum drag by having a fair hullform. The hullform for ADF 95 was created to ASSET baseline characteristics using DD 1000 as a parent hull. The hull surface was lofted in Rhino and the transom. the shape of the deckhouse. the 45 degree rake of the bow. however for structural strength to support the pods. A lines drawing is shown in Figure 46. the entire top deck was made continuous. Originally ADF 95 was designed with a raised deck. Table 34 – Baseline Hull Characteristics Characteristic Value Full Load Displacement 6530 MT LWL 139 m B 17.

4 Structural Design and Analysis 4. contains the Spy-3 and other radar equipment. This model reflects the second main machinery room section and two neighboring sections. Figure 48 shows a rendering of the model that was created.4. The top level. Deck 02 contains the pilot house and communications room and deck 01 contains the captain and XO living quarters.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 62 Figure 45 – Profile View Figure 46 – Lines Drawing 4.1 Procedure The midship section and two boarding hull sections were originally modeled in MAESTRO. Figure 47 – Isometric View of Deckhouse 4. deck 03.3. Notice that continuous decks were accounted for however non-continuous platforms like those found in the machinery room were omitted. An isometric view of the deckhouse is shown in Figure 47.2 Deck House The deckhouse for ADF 95 is made of steel and has four levels. . The helicopter hangar is two stories tall and is located on the aft portion of the deckhouse.

the section modulus for the keel and strength deck were calculated. and longitudinal girders. In order to still assess the structural integrity. In this method. a 2D midsection was created using plates. Figure 49 – 2D Cross-Section at Midships . the longitudinal stress due to bending was found and compared to the yield values for the hull material type. Knowing the Section Modulus and bending moment values. stiffeners. a more basic method was adopted. Figure 49 shows the 2D midsection model that was created in HECSALV Section Modulus Editor and Table 35 shows the values of Section Modulus and other associated properties of the cross-section.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 63 Figure 48 – MAESTRO Model Showing Mid and Neighboring Sections Due to limitations in MAESTRO. the model would not analyze loads properly with only a section of the ship. By calculating moments of inertia and using the parallel axis theorem.

88 389.05 26. stringer. Each of these plates is stiffened using T-stiffeners. Transverse deck beams and side frames are spaced 2.11 101.08 101.80 50.58 50.1 7833 352 HY80 204.50 589.55 152.08 100.1 7833 552 The hull structure geometry is composed of weather deck.51 10.40 4.80 13.46 6.58 190.5m apart and are used to provide adequate support to decks and shell plating.47 517. side shell and bottom shell plating.33 8.72 5.12 120.35 7.00 102.50 Web Thickness (mm) 4.14 99.76 391.79 441.32 4. and “F” a transverse frame. girder supports.67 195.00 10.27 19.83 3.35 6.00 14.02 10.80 8.35 6.40 145.05 3.00 442.16 25.33 397.05 5.306 4.75 293.50 317.32 4.2 Materials and Geometry ADF 95 is constructed predominately of HSS with HY80 steel used as the stringer plate where high bending stress is expected and greater yield strength is required. “G” designates a girder.92 6.08 100.33 4.83 6.11 102.60 6.80 100. and frames appear in the list of materials arranged by catalog number shown in Table 37.73 5.21 5.32 101.92 438.08 4.612 3.57 4.97 5.34 16.49 7.59 341.50 228.62 6. Longitudinal girders are located below the lowest internal deck and extend across the length of the ship.60 Flange Thickness (mm) 5.53 171.48 15.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 64 Table 35 – Properties of the Midsection Property Total Area (m2) NA from Bottom (m) I (m4) Section Modulus at Keel (m3) Section Modulus at Strength Deck (m3) Value 1.20 664.84 6.67 12.92 10.65 9.84 100.4.79 664.20 317.97 145.09 253.35 .30 171.91 179.97 340.85 127.350 6.50 209.22 6.70 245.49 301.03 8.06 299.40 152. Table 37 – Dimensions of Scantlings Catalog # 1 S/B 2 S/B 3S 4S 5S 6 S/F/B 7B 9S 14 S/B 21 S 33 G 35 F 40 S 41 G 51 G/S 67 G 69 G 75 G 80 F 81 F 87 F 88 F 89 F 99 G 109 G 127 G 128 G 129 G Web Height (mm) 95.76 10. Table 36 shows the material properties of these two types of steel. Table 36 – Material Properties Material Properties Modulus (GPa) Density (kg/m3) Yield Strength (MPa) HSS 204.59 4.26 10.35 100.831 4.45 16.35 17.00 9. deck.20 144. The scantlings of these stiffeners.98 986.57 124.89 8.21 823.590 30.58 102.36 197.36 139.35 5.57 5.70 177.32 5.99 250. “B” a deck beam.62 8.76 10.12 317.79 Flange Width (mm) 100.21 5. Note that “S” designates that a particular member is a stiffener.

The second and third conditions represent the worst case hogging and sagging scenarios whereby severe waves are used to assess these conditions. In the case of conditions two and three. The first condition is still water and it represents the shear force and bending moment experienced by the hull under full load with no waves.1 × LWL (in feet). Note that for the hogging condition.3 Loads Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams were found using HECSALV for three conditions.4. the crest location occurs at the forward perpendicular. The three conditions are pictured below with their associated Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams in Figure 50 – Figure 52. H = 1. L = LWL . and for the sagging condition. the wave height. and the wave length.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 65 4. the crest location occurs at amidships. Shear Force and Bending Moment . Figure 50 – Condition 1: Still Water at Full Load.

Shear Force and Bending Moment Figure 52 – Condition 3: Severe Sagging at Full Load. Shear Force and Bending Moment .ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 66 Figure 51 – Condition 2: Severe Hogging at Full Load.

. Table 39 shows the factor or safety for each of the failure modes and panel locations where a value greater than one is representative of a safe structure.2 -31655 -47. Table 38 shows the bending stresses on the deck and keel panels.4 Adequacy Page 67 These conditions were used to determine the moment acting on the midships section and the maximum bending stress produced for each condition was found. These regions of the hull were assessed for plate buckling. the accepted yield stress of HSS.6 MPa.7 -70. The calculation of the second section tested.2 36.ADF Design – VT Team 5 4. The portions of the hull shown in Figure 53 were chosen in regions likely to experience high bending or shear stress. Table 38 – Moments and Stresses Based on Condition Number Condition 1: Still Water -14291 Mmax (m*MT) σmax at Keel (MPa) σmax at Strength Deck (MPa) Condition 2: Severe Hogging Mmax (m*MT) σmax at Keel (MPa) σmax at Strength Deck (MPa) Condition 3: Severe Sagging Mmax (m*MT) σmax at Keel (MPa) σmax at Strength Deck (MPa) 27400 40. the side shell plating. The appropriate panel/plate regions are highlighted in blue.1 -21.4. Also. Portions of the hull girder were chosen and treated as panel and plate elements to check for structural adequacy. the combined bending and compressive stress of a panel. other possible modes of failure were examined. a panel was chosen at the neutral axis.0 81. the ultimate stress of a panel and panel tension. Panels were chosen at the deck and keel where the maximum stress due to bending occurs. is shown in Appendix I.6 Since all the bending stresses produced were substantially below 351.

78 1. Bending And Comp.64 Bottom Shell Panel (at Keel) FOS 3. A possible solution to this problem is to increase the size of the stiffeners and given another design iteration. and panel tension.95 indicates structural inadequacy. Stress Stringer Plate (at Deck) Side Shell Panel (at NA) Bottom Shell Panel (at Keel) For all three panels.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 68 Figure 53 – Regions Checked for Failure Plate Buckling Stringer Plate (at Deck) Side Shell Panel (at NA) Bottom Shell Panel (at Keel) Table 39 – Factors of Safety for Various Failure Modes FOS Panel Ultimate Strength 22.25 3. The factor of safety of 0.69 3. the most critical modes appear to be panel combined bending and compressive stress.11 FOS 2.60 Stringer Plate (at Deck) 2.99 1. .39 0.95 Panel Tension Stringer Plate (at Deck) Side Shell Panel (at NA) Bottom Shell Panel (at Keel) FOS 11.10 1.14 Side Shell Panel (at NA) 3.36 Panel Comb. Panel combined bending and compressive stress is especially critical for the bottom shell plating nearest to the keel.

The final midship section drawing of the hull is shown in Figure 54.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 69 larger stiffeners would be used for this plate. .

Figure 56 shows tables of the effective horsepower versus the ship speed and Figure 57 shows a plot of effective horsepower versus ship speed. and viscous drag. wave making drag. endurance speed.5 Power and Propulsion ADF 95 uses an Integrated Power System (IPS) with two pods and fixed pitch propellers for propulsion. draft.1 Resistance Ship resistance calculations were made using the Holtrop-Mennen equations. 4. prismatic coefficient. Ship Speed . There are also two back up generators that are driven by two CAT 3516V16 diesel engines. and propeller diameter were used to compute the ship’s bare hull resistance. The IPS is driven by two LM2500+ gas turbine engines and one ICR.5. beam. Supporting calculations can be found in Appendix I. Figure 55 – Resistance vs. block coefficient. Figure 55 shows a plot of the bare hull resistance versus ship speed. The total effective horsepower was then calculated for ship speeds ranging from 20 to 35 knots in 1 knot increments.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 70 Figure 54 – Midship Section Drawing 4. Values for length between perpendiculars.

POP was rerun to determine if .2 Propulsion ADF 95 is propelled by two pods with fixed pitch propellers. Ship Speed 4. Using these characteristics. Ship Speed Figure 57 – EHP vs.5. The characteristics of the propellers were determined by iterating Michigan’s Propeller Optimization Program (POP) to achieve the highest possible open water efficiency at endurance speed.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 71 Figure 56 – EHP vs.

Table 40 shows the propeller characteristics of each fixed propeller and Table 41 and Table 42 show the performance characteristics of the propeller at endurance and sustained speed.796 Table 42 – Propeller Performance Characteristics at Sustained Speed Vs 32. Table 44 shows which generators will need to be in use during the different operating conditions. RPM. Table 40 – Optimum Propeller Characteristics Propeller Characteristics Z 4 blades z 5.3 Electric Load Analysis (ELA) Throughout the design spiral. The propeller design with the highest open water efficiency at endurance speed and with the ability to reach sustained speed was the design chosen.4 hp PROP RPM 153 RPM open water efficiency 0.7 hp 5980. A diameter of 5.3956 Dp 5.3 hp DHP 38621.5.9 knt EHPs 56164 hp Ts 1263. BHP. and open water efficiency.5 kN 3848.761 4.5 hp 87 RPM 0.59m was used in the propeller design because it was the largest diameter that would allow sufficient clearance to avoid interference between the screw and the hull.59 m Type Fixed Pitch Table 41 – Propeller Performance Characteristics at Endurance Speed Ve 20 knt EHPe Te THP DHP SHP BHP PROP RPM open water efficiency 7354 hp 296.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 72 sustained speed could be achieved.5929 P/Dp 1. The analysis is shown in Table 43 and is broken down into major ship operating conditions by SWBS group.9 hp BHP 95549.8 kN THP 29391.4 hp 4834.7 hp 4834.41 m EAR 0. Table 40 – Table 42 show the design characteristics from POP including the pitch to diameter ratio.9 hp SHP 38621. . an ASSET electric load baseline was updated with expert advice and design considerations to a final electric load analysis.

00 0.0 0.5.6 88.8 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4 77.0 6.1 9.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.12 224. the specific fuel rate was read from the Engine Performance Curve in Figure 58 as 0.1 0.6 45.2 0.4 0.00 0.0 0.4 57.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 2550.04 81.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.6 117. 387.6 117.02 Electric Propulsion 58671.3 13.0 52.4 4.4 0.08 Electric Power Generator 132.5 14.0 0.9 0.0 2550.4 33.6 0.5 0.2 Description Page 73 Inport Emergency Anchor Inport Emergency Power Power (kW) (kW) (KW) Factor Factor 85.5 1132.4 78.4 0.33 lbf .2 49.17 309.5 0.01 Interior Communications 89.05 96.02 35.1 179.0 21655.6 1160.00 Preservatives + Coverings 18.01 Ship Control Sys.9 308.0 0.0 0.9 585.4 139.00 Special Purpose Sys.4 167.05 Propulsion Units 1329.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.09 Working Spaces 6.0 6.3 0.17 Underwater Surveillance 191.00 0.0 0.0 21655.0 0.0 0.2 224.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 17601.7 0.02 38.6 0.0 0.17 305.4 618.0 21655.0 0.5 826.4 0.0 2550.1 154.8 0.6 0.5 117.1 0.0 0.10 Hull Compartmentation 10.00 Support Systems 950.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.7 0. The range of the IPS system was calculated based on its maximum rating of 3600 RPM.4 617.4 0.1 0.8 0.2 0.5 174.4 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.4 905.6 1.0 0.4 980. 0.5 0.0 167.0 0.3 0.0 21655.01 18.6 0.1 Propulsion Plant 1831.0 0 1 0 Cruise (kW) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 29.2 20.0 76403.22 396.8 0.00 Service Spaces 418.4 35.04 78.5 915.6 79.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 40.9 0.0 204.5 0.1 0. 142.0 9.02 Torpedoes 1.02 45.4 2.5 0.3 0.5 896.01 10.0 2550.0 0.5 24 Hour Average 25448.02 Guns + Ammunition 86.4 76. 83.0 0.00 0.2 30.7 35.02 Special Purpose Sys.6 74.9 61952.7 0.5 0.05 100.4 531.00 Missiles + Rockets 51.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 1275.8 0.9 782. Gas + Misc Fluid Sys.4 131.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.0 20612.2 224.02 Surf Surv Sys (RADAR) 1545.0 0.4 76.4 912.4 1.5 1023.3 0.4 4.0 73853.7 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.1 4.6 86.0 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.05 Fresh Water Sys 510.0 2550.0 0.00 0.4 15.1 1.04 77.0 Online 0 0 2 Anchor Online (kW) 0.1 0.0 21655.0 0.0 0.00 4.6 52.0 13.3 0.5 0.3 0. This equates to an hp * hr .03 52.00 0.7 0.0 0.00 Armament 147.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 0. 124.3 0.2 0.00 0.4 155.5 0. 12.0 28.0 4.0 4.9 0.9 1254.2 0.2 57.0 0.4 0.9 0.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Table 43 .3 0.4 52.0 0.1 0.4 4.3 0.0 1353.0 0.7 28.0 6.00 0.4 40.0 0.1 10.2 0.01 Countermeasures 347.6 0.00 4.3 0.8 0.0 0.03 Fire Control Sys.00 Outfit + Furnishing.6 4.00 0.2 484.6 31.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.2 8626.4 0.6 74.00 0.02 Air.4 2.4 57.4 2.00 Total Required 65163.00 0.0 0 0 2 Port (kW) 0.3 0.11 Fuels/Lubricants.0 0.01 Auxiliary Systems 1792.5 0.00 0.6 0.1 8.0 0.9 1.4 0.8 0.2 0.2 18.3 0.0 1.8 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.00 Transmission + Propulsors 6.0 31.2 14.03 52. 11.0 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.4 204.3 0.4 0. General 129.9 0.5 0.1 10.0 0.0 7.5 1268.4 4.4 204.3 49.00 Electric 327.0 184.0 2 1 0 52198.7 0.3 0.0 3.7 100.4 35.00 Mechanical Handling Sys.4 0.4 40.4 51.3 0.5 Table 44 – Generator Power Usage Number 2 1 2 Generator GE LM2500+ WESTHS WR21 29 CAT 3516V16 Total Rating (kW) 26099.0 Online Emergency (KW) 0 0 2 0.50 Sea Water Sys.0 0.0 Avertage Battle Connected Online Online (kW) (kW) 52198.0 0.4 7.5 0.3 0.4 5.6 196.3 0.1 0.Electric Load Analysis Summary SWBS 200 230 235 240 250 260 300 310 330 400 410 430 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 580 590 600 620 630 650 660 700 710 720 750 780 Connected Battle Cruise Anchor Battle Cruise Load Power Power Power (kW) (kW) (kW) Factor Factor Factor 461.4 4. Handling 102.1 34.3 0.7 0.4 7.4 380.00 0.6 86.69 Climate Control 1630.0 152.3 0.4 167.5 0.03 Propulsion Fuel & Lube Oil 2.27 499.01 17.2 2.14 260.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 89.26 Command + Control Sys.2 0.5 0.00 0.0 0.4 Fuel Calculation A fuel calculation was performed for endurance range and sprint range in accordance with DDS 200-1.1 1.0 0.1 38.0 2550.00 0.0 0.1 0.00 Aircraft Related Weapons 7.7 0.5 0.0 58671.0 0.6 31.0 2202.3 0.3 0.4 185.1 22.4 7.0 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.0 2550. Next.4 5.06 Command + Surveillance 2264.4 51.8 0. 39.02 Lighting System 195.4 652.1 19.

and habitability systems. Automatic paralleling and load sharing capability are provided for each set. endurance speed.485 SFC (lbf/hp*hr) 0. standard naval combatant vessel requirements. ship service. hp * hr From fuel consumption. and expert opinion. The complete MEL is provided in Appendix F.405 0.6 Mechanical and Electrical Systems Mechanical and electrical systems were selected according to mission requirements. Each generator set has a control panel for local control. Electric power is taken from the zonal buses in each zone through the power conversion modules.6. The arrangement of these components is detailed in Section 4. in which the ship service power is distributed from any of the three propulsion generators or SSDG’s via a zonal bus. The following subsections describe the major components of the mechanical and electrical systems and the methods used to size them. an endurance range of 6005 nm was calculated. and they may be automatically or manually started locally or remotely from the EOS.385 0.425 0. Power Control Modules (PCMs) are located in each zone to convert power.1 Integrated Power System (IPS) Figure 59 is an electrical diagram that represents a basic one-line connection of generators. LM2500+ Engine Performance Map 0. and Fuel Calculation” file in Appendix I. If there is a vital system in a zone it draws power from both the port and starboard buses through a power conversion module and an ABT which is an automated switch to either bus in case of power loss of one of the zonal buses. This calculation can be found in the “Prop Selection. The machinery equipment list (MEL) includes weights. They are able to convert AC to DC and DC to AC as required. propulsors. dimensions. 4.505 0.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 74 average fuel rate of 0. and these units direct ship service power where it is needed. . and ship service power buses in an Integrated Power System (IPS). and volume of fuel available. Engine Match. This power can be routed to ship service loads through Power Conversion Modules (PCMs) to the ship service switchboard or directly to the port and starboard zonal buses.2. and locations by compartment for all major non-mission mechanical and electrical equipment to support propulsion. Two Ship Service Gas Turbine Generators (SSGTGs) provide 480V AC 60 HZ power to a ship service switchboard which has direct connection to port and starboard ship service zonal buses.365 1500 2000 2500 RPM SHP =20000 hp 3000 3500 4000 SHP=30000 hp Figure 58 – Engine Performance Curve 4.357 lbf when accounting for propulsion plant deterioration over two years. Two Main Gas Turbine Generators (MGTGs) and one Secondary RGT Generator provide 4160V AC 60HZ power to a propulsion switchboard.7.465 0.445 0.

lube oil filters and coolers. 4.3 Ship Service Electrical Distribution Ship service power is distributed from either of the switchboards to port and starboard zonal buses. also sized according to crew numbers. which are sized based on crew numbers and are located in the Auxiliary Machinery Room (AMR).2 Service and Auxiliary Systems Tanks designated for lube oil. bilge. and pumps for chilled water. and are located in a purifier room and in the main machinery rooms (MMR1 and MMR2). Other ship service equipment includes hydraulic starting units. and expert opinion. are located in a separate sewage treatment room. If there is a vital system in a zone it draws power from both the port and starboard buses through a power . similar ship designs. Two proportioning and two recalculating brominators are used with this system. potable water. Equipment is sized based on capacity ratings. fuel oil.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 75 Figure 59 – One-Line Electrical Diagram 4.6. Fuel and lube oil purifiers and pumps are sized relative to the fuel and oil consumption of each engine. and waste oil are sized according to capacity values from the Ship Synthesis Model.6. Two distillers are used to produce potable water from seawater at a capacity of 76 cubic meters each per day. Electric power is taken from the zonal buses in each zone through the power conversion modules. and ballast. A sewage collection unit and a sewage plant.

A profile showing the internal arrangements is shown in Figure 61.EW. Table 45 shows a breakdown of the number of required crew members for each department.8 Space and Arrangements HECSALV and AutoCAD were used to produce the general arrangements for ADF 95.Manning Summary Division Officers CPO CO/XO 2 Department Heads 4 Executive/Admin 0 1 Communications 1 2 Navigation and 1 1 Control Electronic Repair 1 1 CIC. Rhino was used to create a 2-D profile drawing of the decks.7 Manning ADF 95 was designed to meet the current Navy guidelines for ship manning. Operations. ADF 95 will accommodate 25 Officers. and locations of rooms inside the unassigned spaces from HECSALV. 27 CPO and 208 enlisted men for a total crew size of 260 members. Weapons. 4. and Supply. Table 45 . and loading. platforms. unassigned spaces.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 76 conversion module and an ABT which is an automated switch to either bus in case of power loss of one of the zonal buses.Intelligence 1 2 Air 2 2 Boat and Vehicle 1 2 Deck 1 2 Ordnance/Gunnery 1 2 ASW/MCM 1 1 Main Propulsion 1 2 Electrical/IC 1 1 Auxiliaries 1 1 Repair/DC 1 1 Stores 1 2 Material/Repair 1 1 Mess 1 1 Total 23 25 Accommodations 25 27 Figure 60 – Manning Organization Departments Enlisted Total Department 2 6 57 Executive/Admin Operations 5 11 11 8 16 10 11 16 9 11 20 11 11 16 8 8 16 198 208 Weapons 73 Engineering 68 Supply 40 246 260 4. . The manning for ADF 95 is broken down into 5 departments: Executive/Administration. Through the use of automation and unmanned systems the total ship manning has been significantly reduced. HECSALV was used for primary subdivision to create tanks. Engineering.

Figure 62 – Floodable Length Curve . damage stability.8.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 77 Figure 61 . accessibility. stowage. A floodable length curve was developed to adjust subdivision so that the ship was capable of surviving if three continuous sections were flooded. The floodable length curve is shown in Figure 62 and the primary subdivision and tank capacities are shown in Figure 63. HECSALV was used to create tanks which were arranged for producibility.Profile View of Internal Arrangements 4. floodable length. trim and heel.1 Volume The initial volume requirements for the ship were found using the ship synthesis model. survivability.

Figure 64 – Profile View Showing Arrangements . Equipment near bulkheads is required to have a minimum clearance of 0. A profile drawing of the machinery arrangements is shown in Figure 64.8.2 Main and Auxiliary Machinery Spaces and Machinery Arrangement There are three machinery compartments in ADF 95.6 MW is located in MMR2. and arrangement drawings of MMR1 and MMR2 are shown in Figure 65 and Figure 66. Two LM2500+ Main Gas Turbine Generators rated at 26 MW each are located in MMR1. while one ICR Secondary Gas Turbine Generator rated at 21. All machinery equipment is arranged to produce port and starboard symmetry wherever possible to avoid heel. A machinery arrangement drawing of the AMR is shown in Figure 67.3 meters. Machinery is spaced to allow access to crew members for maintenance and inspection. The AMR contains two Caterpillar 3516V16 Diesel Generators rated at 1275 kW each.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 78 Figure 63 – Primary Subdivision 4. These spaces include two main machinery rooms (MMR1 and MMR2) and one auxiliary machinery room (AMR).

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 79 Platform 3 Platform 4 Figure 65 – MMR 1 Platform Arrangements Inner Bottom Platform 3 Figure 66 – MMR 2 Platform Arrangements Platform 4 .

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Platform 3

Platform 4
Figure 67 – AMR Platform Arrangements

Inner Bottom

4.8.3

Internal Arrangements

ADF 95 contains 5 decks, 3 platforms, and a holding area below the third platform. AutoCAD was used to layout areas for the 6 different classifications in the internal arrangements including combat systems, mission support, human support, ship support, hangar space, and machinery rooms. The volumes and areas required for each were found using the ship synthesis model and relevant areas are given in the SSCS Space Summary in Appendix H. The human support area is located the damage control deck, Deck 2. This deck includes the crew’s berthing, CPOs berthing, officers berthing, mess rooms, and other basic human support areas. Platform 1 consists of ship support and storage areas. The ships maintenance areas and stores are located throughout the platform. Each department requires its own storage which is arranged in the bow of Platform 1. Mission support is located in the stern of Deck 2 and Platform 1 for close proximity to the RHIB, Spartan, NIXIE, and TACTAS. The machinery rooms run vertically from the inner bottom of the hull to the Damage Control Deck. The inlet and exhaust ducts for the engines move vertically through the ship and are located along the centerline to reduce the heat signature along the hull. The slopes of the ducts are small to ensure maximum flow. The general arrangements of the ship are shown in Figure 68 – Figure 73.

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Figure 68 – Deck 03 and Deck 02 Arrangements

Figure 69 – Deck 01 and Deck 1 Arrangements

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Figure 70 – Deck 2 Arrangements

Figure 71 – Platform 1 Arrangements

and functional ability.6 106.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 83 Figure 72 – Platform 2 Arrangements Figure 73 – Platform 3 and Holding Area Arrangements 4.4 Living Arrangements The initial volume requirements for the living areas were found using the ship synthesis model. officers. privacy. The manning accommodation space is summarized in Table 46. Chief Petty Officers (CPO).8. Each area was arranged to maximize protection.68 34.8 69 376.9 44.9 11. and the enlisted crew.8 Item CO XO Department Head Other Officer CPO Enlisted . Table 46 – Manning Accommodations Accommodation Quantity Per Space Number of Spaces 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 4 19 2 10 26 13 2 208 23 9 Area Each (m2) 22.15 10.87 Total Area (m2) 22. the executive officer (XO).9 13.5 41. There were 6 different living areas included on the ship for: the commanding officer (CO).9 13. department heads.

60 3.48 .9 Weights and Loading 4. The vertical and horizontal centers of gravity were calculated based on component locations in the machinery and general arrangements models.56 180. the SVTTs and DLSs are placed inside the hanger.40 36205. To ensure 360 degrees of coverage for the Spy-3 radar. two panels are placed on the front of the deckhouse and one is on the aft end of Deck 02. Two CIWS are located off center on top of the deckhouse to guarantee complete coverage of the hull.18 PROPULSION PLANT 795.1 Weights ADF 95’s weights are grouped together by SWBS number.52 77. GENERAL 643.55 14345.51 84389. To minimize radar cross section.00 75.10 16538.00 0. Weights and centers of gravity were then used to calculate moments.79 TCG-m 0.9.00 0.54 25722. centers of gravity. A 57mm MK3 is placed forward on the bow to achieve maximum shooting range.28 Moment 0.17 3018.00 0.38 106. 4.11 61.02 COMMAND+SURVEILLANCE 270. GENERAL 383.08 67. The placement is designed to protect against incoming missiles and aircraft at different angles of attack.28 0. An isometric view of the external arrangements is shown in Figure 74. To do this. but still maintain the low radar cross section when stowed.5 External Arrangements The primary objective for external arrangements is to maximize effectiveness of combat systems.03 2313. Table 47 shows a summary of the lightship weights.23 Moment 169116.26 4674. with minimum effect on radar cross section. SWBS 100 200 300 400 500 Table 47 – Lightship Weight Summary COMPONENT WT-MT VCG-m Moment LCG-m HULL STRUCTURES 2191.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 84 The CO and XO accommodations are on Deck 01 and the four department heads’ housing is on Deck 1.90 7.20 6. Figure 74 – Isometric View of External Arrangements 4.03 56. The 19 officer rooms and 26 CPO spaces are arranged on Deck 2 and crew accommodations are located on Platform 3. A more detailed weights summary is given in Appendix G with the LCGs measured from the forward perpendicular.23 AUXILIARY SYSTEMS.8.80 6. all combat systems are placed in areas that give the system the highest productivity.00 0. The value of weight for each SWBS group was obtained either from manufacturer’s specifications or derived from ASSET. Hatches are on both sides of the hangar that allow the systems to be fired when needed. and moments.00 0.10 11.07 ELECTRIC PLANT.48 2770.

00 75. In the Minimum Operating Condition.50 76.50 445839.52 LCG-m 64.13 34486.00 805. fresh water.00 1.00 25.75 0. In Full Load Conditions. general stores.40 3278.90 426.31 36015.00 0.07 65.70 4900.33 30.00 48.90 1.9.47 72. the ammunition.80 100.87 172. provisions.24 SHIPS FORCE 29. Navy’s DDS 079-1 defines two independent loading conditions that were evaluated for ADF 95.61 67.50 0.33 121.00 0. The aviation fuel is at 95% capacity.20 490.05 6.02 0. The lube oil.57 24.87 77.98 426.70 -8.20 6.97 3.59 83.10 5.51 65.00 ORD DEL SYS (AIRCRAFT) 30.00 0.00 89.30 5. Table 48 – Full Load Condition Weight Summary FULL LOAD CONDITION WT-MT VCG-m Moment LCG-m LOADS 1119.00 0.00 8.00 0.20 5816. centers of gravity and moments for the Minimum Operating Condition.90 2.90 125.05 237. and diesel fuel marine are at 100% capacity.00 0.70 13.53 4.34 16.00 2732.28 Page 85 -0.22 6.79 0.06 -3.73 89.06 50.70 FRESH WATER 39.00 0.80 48. the ammunitions.56 8531.80 380485.35 57.00 0.63 Table 49 – Minimum Operating Condition Weight Summary F00 F10 F21 F22 F23 F31 F32 F41 F42 F46 F47 F52 MINIMUM OPERATING CONDITION LOADS SHIPS FORCE SHIP AMMUNITION ORD DEL SYS AMMO ORD DEL SYS (AIRCRAFT) PROVISIONS+PERSONNEL STORES GENERAL STORES DIESEL FUEL MARINE JP-5 LUBRICATING OIL SEA WATER FRESH WATER Total Weight WT-MT 426.15 6.15 0.40 6.73 61.00 JP-5 81.47 81.20 0.90 6.00 163.50 Total Weight 6510.00 236.70 72. The first condition is the Full Load Condition and the second is the Minimum Operating Condition.03 Moment 80. personnel stores.83 273.57 9488.84 2732.19 Moment 1529.73 0.10 0.60 142.93 . The diesel fuel marine is at 50% capacity.05 -24.05 198.56 822.02 -214. Table 48 shows the weights.70 10.00 0.80 0.37 103.87 0.75 TCG-m 0.14 75.65 39981.25 488237.27 2.90 7.00 41. and the reserve feed and fresh water are at 67% capacity.00 2808.00 8428.00 0.00 57.00 0.00 0.16 29.00 GENERAL STORES 6.71 38048.27 0.11 103.19 0.59 8.43 100. centers of gravity and moments for the Full Load condition.00 0.00 710.00 2849.22 480.00 46.19 237.64 13430.00 132.33 SHIP AMMUNITION 77.00 0.80 0.2 The U.26 427.00 PROVISIONS+PERSONNEL STORES 30.00 1899.51 202.90 7.80 ORD DEL SYS AMMO 10.69 7.80 LUBRICATING OIL 8.79 37673.00 308.00 0.65 Moment 27305.12 5.50 75.00 0.85 3187. aviation fuels are at 95% capacity and the sewage and ballast tanks are empty.76 31351.10 52.06 -3.00 6.65 77.50 0.00 0.35 SEA WATER 0.62 15.60 75.30 50.00 4.24 34. lube oil.64 1894. general stores.00 5.50 13.S.04 Moment 153.06 2.00 F00 F10 F21 F22 F23 F31 F32 F41 F42 F46 F47 F52 Moment 69703.80 607.96 0.38 VCG-m 3.20 5.00 103. as specified in the DDS 079-1.70 40295.90 50.00 0.05 0.15 50.30 2002.92 TCG-m 0.65 77.30 770.00 4.14 1.79 1.94 7.30 268.00 26.00 0.06 75.00 125.57 6.02 0. the sewage tanks are at 95% capacity and the ballast tanks are empty.00 0.60 27.80 7.44 0.00 7.00 0. and aviation fuel are at 33% capacity.00 0.15 159.40 6.ADF Design – VT Team 5 600 700 OUTFIT+FURNISHING.00 65. and Table 49 shows weights.62 268.02 5390. reserve feed.57 418534. Each load condition uses the Lightship weight combined with a percentage of the load weight.26 6.14 62.00 0.57 3163.80 10.62 121.00 6.GENERAL ARMAMENT LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT MARGIN LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT + MARGIN Loading Conditions 489.00 0.47 1894. provisions and personnel stores.39 0.19 7.46 951.33 3135.00 DIESEL FUEL MARINE 805.

Table 50 – Full Load Condition Trim and Stability Table Stability Calculation Trim Calculation KMt 10. and Figure 75 shows the righting and heeling arm curve for the full load condition.746 m LCF Draft 6. The righting arm curve was used to ensure that the area under the curve was greater than 1.636A m-FP GmT (solid) 4.009 m MT1cm 150 m-MT/cm GMt (corrected) 4. and Figure 76 shows the righting and heeling arm curve for the minimum operating condition. The hullform of the ship was imported from RHINO and tanks and unassigned compartments were then defined within bulkheads.753 m Trim 0. trim. stability and righting arm data are calculated.10 Hydrostatics and Stability Page 86 The hydrostatics.541 m-A Specific Gravity 1.ADF Design – VT Team 5 4.154 m VCG 5. All conditions are assessed using DDS 079-1 stability standards for beam winds with rolling. For intact stability analysis. and the damage stability of ADF 95 were calculated using HECSALV.890 m LCB (even keel) 74.10.224a m-FP FSc 0.856 m LCF 83. The tanks and compartments were filled to the Navy’s DDS 079-1 standards and the stability and trim were determined for each condition.103 m MT1cm 147 m-MT/cm GMt (corrected) 4.0 deg . Table 51 shows the stability and trim calculations for the minimum operating condition. the full load and minimum operating conditions were evaluated.703 m LCF 83. Table 50 shows the stability and trim calculations for the full load condition.321a m-FP FSc 0. 4.804 m LCB (even keel) 74. intact stability.653 m-A Specific Gravity 1.384 m VCG 5.694 m Trim 0.1 Intact Stability In each condition.003A m-FP GmT (solid) 4.0250 List 0. Loading and damage conditions were created in HECSALV and analyzed.507 m LCF Draft 6.0250 List 0.0 deg Figure 75 – Full Load Condition Righting Arm and Heeling Arm Curve Table 51 – Minimum Operating Condition Trim and Stability Table Stability Calculation Trim Calculation KMt 10.4 times the area under the heeling arm curve.

547m Trim 3. In accordance with DDS 079-1. The ship passed the damage stability test because the waterline did not rise above the flood deck for either load condition under any damage scenario.019m . Figure 78 shows the righting arm curve for the full load condition and Figure 80 shows the righting arm curve for the minimum operating condition. Figure 77 shows the worst case damage scenario at full load and Table 52 gives the corresponding stability data. Under both load conditions the worst case scenario occurred when ADF 95 was flooded from 100m to 130m aft of the forward perpendicular. 21 meter sections were flooded and analyzed under both loading conditions.2 Damage Stability The damage stability of ADF 95 was checked under both full load and minimum operating conditions. Figure 79 shows the worst case damage scenario at minimum operating conditions and Table 53 gives the corresponding stability data.10. ADF 95 should be able to flood a section of the ship that is 15% of the length along the waterline (21 meters) at any longitudinal position along the hull.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 87 Figure 76 – Minimum Operating Condition Righting Arm and Heeling Arm Curve 4. The righting and heeling arm curve was also examined for each load condition.425m Draft AP 7.123m AFT GMt 2. Starting at the forward perpendicular. Figure 77 – Full Load Condition Worst Case Damage Scenario Table 52 – Full Load Worst Case Damage Stability Calculations Stability Calculations Draft FP 4.

143m Draft AP 7.941m Figure 80 – Minimum Operating Condition Worst Case Damage Righting Arm Curve 4. ORD and US Navy Motion Limit .11 Seakeeping A seakeeping analysis in the full load condition was performed using ….ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 88 Figure 78 – Full Load Condition Worst Case Damage Righting Arm Curve Figure 79 – Minimum Operating Condition Worst Case Damage Scenario Table 53 – Minimum Operating Worst Case Damage Stability Calculations Stability Calculations Draft FP 4. How was it modeled? Sea states? Speeds? Headings? Velocities and accelerations at what locations? Tables.222m AFT GMt 1..416m Trim 3.

Include all limiting polar plots. government costs and change orders. Describe and discuss. and 3.3.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 89 Criteria by subsystem. 3.6). a re-estimation of cost was performed at the end of concept development by using the MATHCAD model given in Appendix G. propulsion system type (IPS vs.3 824. Application Table 54 .12 Cost Analysis Cost was estimated using parametric models for both the lead ship and follow ship acquisition as part of the multi-objective genetic optimization within the concept exploration phase (see sections 3. and other capital-consuming aspects were added to this cost to come up with the final cost estimates.08 60. mechanical). Significant amplitude criteria are listed in Table 54. Polar plots show the ship response for various headings and forward speeds.4. In concept development.2 .Limiting Motion Criteria (Significant Amplitude) and Results ORD Longitudinal Transverse Vertical Roll Pitch Yaw Threshold Acceleration Acceleration Acceleration SeaState Sea State Achieved 4. many of the assumptions on which the original cost estimate was based were recalculated as new numbers were determined or as the design changed. Table 55 – Revised Cost Estimates Cost Factor Lightship Weight (lton) Officers Crew CPOs Enlisted Ship Service Life (yrs) Initial Operational Capability Base Year Total Lead Ship Cost (Billion Dollars) Total Follow-Ship Acquisition Cost (Million Dollars) Total Life Cycle Cost (Undiscounted. These models used rough estimates for the weight of SWBS groups determined by parametric math models to estimate the basic cost of construction. and engine type. Therefore.5. Billion Dollars) Total Discounted Life Cycle Cost (Billion Dollars) Values 5319 23 25 198 40 2015 2010 1. Table 55 shows the results of the re-calculated cost model. Other factors that were considered included endurance range. Estimates for shipbuilder profit.12 10. brake horsepower. Assess.

2 Future Work Provide a list of things to be done next time around spiral.Compliance with Operational Requirements Technical Performance Measure ORD TPM (Threshold) Original Goal Concept BL Final Concept BL 5. 5. Compare to ORD goals and thresholds and to baseline.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 90 5 Conclusions and Future Work 5. ******this section will be completed before submission to SNAME****** . Table 56 .3 Conclusions Sell your design based on assessment. All areas.1 Assessment Discuss Table 56.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 6 References 1. NavyFact File.S. New Jersey: Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME).mil/navpalib/factfile/ffiletop.” 1998. 1967.. Comstock. “Ship Design Notes”. 2004. ed.J.S. Page 91 Brown. A. “Reengineering the Naval Ship Concept Design Process. 2.html . Navy Home Page. Alan and LCDR Mark Thomas. 3. USN. http://www.. Principles of Naval Architecture. John P. Brown.chinfo. Virginia Tech AOE Department. U.navy. Dr. U. 4. 2006.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 92 Appendix A – Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 93 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 94 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 95 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 96 Appendix B – Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM) .

blue/green water ASW. 60days DD1000 signatures. advanced C4I 35knt. vulnerability or interest. The overarching capability gaps addressed by this ICD are: Provide and support functional areas with sufficient numbers of reconfigurable-mission (modular. minimizing the time from concept to delivery and maximizing system commonality with LCS. An Acquisition Decision Memorandum issued on 7 September 2006 by the Virginia Tech Acquisition Authority directed Concept Exploration and Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) for a new frigate-sized ship with more capable core systems and modular systems similar to LCS. The platforms must operate within current logistics support capabilities.50 Goal Systems or metric SPY-3 w/64 cell VLS. NIXIE. 3500 nm. 2xSH-60. Analysis Summary. USVs and stern launch 2xSH-60. SLQ-32V2 SQS-56 sonar. maritime interdiction and limited disaster relief). Priority 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Capability Description Core AAW/BMD (with queuing) Core Blue/green water ASW Special-Mission Packages (MCM. mine detection sonar. special operations. open systems architecture) ships for worldwide and persistent coverage of all potential areas of conflict. 45days DDG-51 signatures. SUW. The platforms must be highly producible. 57mm caliber guns gun. ASUW. full SS5. ASUW Threshold Systems or metric SPY-3 w/32 cell VLS. Capability Discussion. Special Forces) Core ISR Mobility Survivability and self-defense Maritime interdiction. but are not able to support adequate inherent core capabilities for AAW/BMD (with queuing). ASW. mine detection sonar. SSTD 1xLCS Mission Packages with UAVs. Additional capabilities include capacity and interfaces for special mission packages and personnel (mine countermeasures. Nulka/ SRBOC. The Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) for this CCD was issued by the Virginia Tech Acquisition Authority on 31 August 2006. full SS4. LCS ships will contribute. ISR. NIXIE. 2xSH-2G. . Netfires 2. 57mm gun. Nulka/ SRBOC.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Appendix C – Capability Development Document (CDD) Page 97 UNCLASSIFIED CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT DOCUMENT FOR AREA DEFENSE FRIGATE (ADF) Variant #95 VT Team 5 1. DDG-51 and DD-1000 class ships are too costly for this force-multiplier. USVs and stern launch 2xSH-2G. 2x. Projected force numbers of US Navy ships will not provide this coverage. SLQ-32V3 SQS-53C sonar. ISR. Inter-service and Allied C4/I (inter-operability) must be considered. CIWS or CIGS 2xSH-2G. SSTD 2xLCS Mission Packages with UAVs. CIWS or CIGS 2xSH-60. Required core capabilities are AAW/BMD (with queuing) and blue/green water ASW. The new ship must have minimum manning. 2x. 5000 nm. TACTAS. advanced C4I 30knt. TACTAS.50 caliber guns. and blue/green water ASW necessary for many strike group and independent operations. Specific capability gaps resulting from insufficient force numbers with adequate inherent core capabilities include: AAW/BMD (with queuing).

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Concept Exploration was conducted from 12 September 2006 through 5 December 2006. A Concept Design and Requirements Review was conducted on 23 January 2007. This CDD presents the baseline requirements approved in this review. Available technologies and concepts necessary to provide required functional capabilities were identified and defined in terms of performance, cost, risk and ship impact (weight, area, volume, power). Trade-off studies were performed using technology and concept design parameters to select trade-off options in a multi-objective genetic optimization (MOGO) for the total ship design. The result of this MOGO was a non-dominated frontier, Figure 1. This frontier includes designs with a wide range of risk and cost, each having the highest effectiveness for a given risk and cost. Preferred designs are often “knee in the curve” designs at the top of a large increase in effectiveness for a given cost and risk, or designs at high and low extremes. The design selected for Virginia Tech Team 5, and specified in this CDD, is the low-cost and low-risk design shown with an X in Figure 1. Selection of a point on the non-dominated frontier specifies requirements, technologies and the baseline design.

Figure 1 – ADF Non-Dominated Frontier

3. Concept of Operations Summary.
The range of military operations for the functions in this ICD includes: force application from the sea; force application, protection and awareness at sea; and protection of homeland and critical bases from the sea. Timeframe considered: 2010-2050. This extended timeframe demands flexibility in upgrade and capability over time. The 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review identifies seven critical US military operational goals. These are: 1) protecting critical bases of operations; 2) assuring information systems; 3) protecting and sustaining US forces while defeating denial threats; 4) denying enemy sanctuary by persistent surveillance, 5) tracking and rapid engagement; 6) enhancing space systems; and 7) leveraging information technology. These goals and capabilities must be achieved with sufficient numbers of ships for worldwide and persistent coverage of all potential areas of conflict, vulnerability or interest. Forward-deployed naval forces will be the first military forces on-scene having "staying and convincing" power to promote peace and prevent crisis escalation. The force must have the ability to provide a "like-kind, increasing lethality" response to influence decisions of regional political powers. It must also have the ability to remain invulnerable to enemy attack. New ships must complement and support this force. Power Projection requires the execution and support of flexible strike missions and support of naval amphibious operations. This includes protection to friendly forces from enemy attack, unit self defense against littoral threats, area defense, mine countermeasures and support of theater ballistic missile defense. Ships must be able to support,

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maintain and conduct operations with the most technologically advanced unmanned/remotely controlled tactical and C4/I reconnaissance vehicles. Naval forces must possess sufficient mobility and endurance to perform all missions on extremely short notice, at locations far removed from home port. To accomplish this, they must be pre-deployed, virtually on station in sufficient numbers around the world. Naval forces must also be able to support non-combatant and maritime interdiction operations in conjunction with national directives. They must be flexible enough to support peacetime missions yet be able to provide instant wartime response should a crisis escalate. Expected operations for ADF include: • • Escort (CSG, ESG, MCG, Convoy) – Provide Area AAW, ASW and ASUW defense SAG (Surface Action Group) – With CGs, DDGs and/or LCSs – Provide Area AAW, ASW and ASUW – Provide ISR – Support BMD (w/ queuing) – Provide MCM and additional ISR/ASW/ASUW w/ mission modules Independent Ops – Provide Area AAW, ASW and ASUW – Provide ISR – Support UAVs, USVs and UUVs – Support BMD (w/ queuing) – Provide MCM and additional ISR/ASW/ASUW w/ mission modules – Support Special Operations – Humanitarian Support and Rescue – Peacetime Presence Homeland Defense/Interdiction – Support AAW, ASW and ASUW – Provide surveillance and reconnaissance, support UAVs – Interdict, board and inspect

4. Threat Summary.
The shift in emphasis from global Super Power conflict to numerous regional conflicts requires increased flexibility to counter a variety of asymmetric threat scenarios which may rapidly develop. Two distinct classes of threats to U.S. national security interests exist: • • Threats from nations with either a significant military capability, or the demonstrated interest in acquiring such a capability. Specific weapons systems that could be encountered include ballistic missiles, land and surface launched cruise missiles, significant land based air assets and submarines. Threats from smaller nations who support, promote, and perpetrate activities which cause regional instabilities detrimental to international security and/or have the potential for development of nuclear weapons. Specific weapon systems include diesel/electric submarines, land-based air assets, and mines (surface, moored and bottom).

Since many potentially unstable nations are located on or near geographically constrained (littoral) bodies of water, the tactical picture will be on smaller scales relative to open ocean warfare. Threats in such an environment include: (1) technologically advanced weapons - cruise missiles like the Silkworm and Exocet, land-launched attack aircraft, fast gunboats armed with guns and smaller missiles, and diesel-electric submarines; and (2) unsophisticated and inexpensive passive weapons – mines (surface, moored and bottom), chemical and biological weapons. Many encounters may occur in shallow water which increases the difficulty of detecting and successfully prosecuting targets. Platforms chosen to support and replace current assets must have the capability to dominate all aspects of the littoral environment. The platform or system must be capable of operating in the following environments: • • • • Open ocean (sea states 0 through 8) and littoral, fully operational through SS4 Shallow and deep water Noisy and reverberation-limited Degraded radar picture

ADF Design – VT Team 5
• • • • • Crowded shipping Dense contacts and threats with complicated targeting Biological, chemical and nuclear weapons All-Weather Battle Group All-Weather Independent operations

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5. System Capabilities and Characteristics Required for the Current Development Increment.
Key Performance Parameter (KPP) AAW ASUW/NSFS ASW CCC LAMPS SDS GMLS LCS Modules Hull Power and Propulsion Endurance Range (nm) Sustained Speed (knots) Endurance Speed (knots) Stores Duration (days) Collective Protection System Crew Size RCS (m ) Maximum Draft (m) Vulnerability (Hull Material) Ballast/fuel system Degaussing System McCreight Seakeeping Index
3

Development Threshold or Requirement SPY-3 (2 panel), Aegis MK 99 FCS MK 3 57 mm gun, MK86 GFCS, SPS-73(V)12, 1 RHIB, Small Arms Locker SQS-56, SQQ 89, 2xMK 32 Triple Tubes, NIXIE, SQR-19 TACTAS, mine avoidance sonar Enhanced CCC 2 LAMPS w/ hanger (flight deck, refueling, rearming), SQQ-28 2x CIWS, SLQ-32(V) 3, SRBOC, NULKA 32 cells, MK 41 VLS 1x LCS Wave-piercing Tumblehome 2 pods, LM 2500+ GT, ICR 5595 nm 30.8 knots 20 knots 50 full 246 3836 5.8 m Steel Compensated fuel tanks Yes 11.08

KG margin (m) Propulsion power margin (design) Propulsion power margin (fouling and seastate) Electrical margins Net Weight margin (design and service)

0.2m 10% 25% (0.8 MCR) 5% 10%

6. Program Affordability.
Average follow-ship acquisition cost shall not exceed $530M ($FY2010) with a lead ship acquisition cost less than $1B. It is expected that 30 ships of this type will be built with IOC in 2015.

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Appendix D – Lower Level Pair-wise Comparison Results Page 101 Figure D1 – MOP1 AAW .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 102 Figure D2 – MOP2 ASW .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 103 Figure D3 – MOP3 ASUW/NSFS Figure D4 – MOP3 CCC/ISR .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 104 Figure D5 – MOP4 STK Figure D6 – MOP5 SeaKeep Figure D7 – MOP6 E Figure D8 – MOP7 Ts .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 105 Figure D9 – MOP8 Vs Figure D10 – MOP9 ENV Figure D11 – MOP10 RCS Figure D12 – MOP11 Acoustic Figure D13 – MOP12 Mag .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 106 Figure D14 – MOP13 IR Figure D15 – MOP14 Str. Vuln. Figure D16 – MOP15 NBC .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 APPENDIX E – ASSET Data Summaries Page 107 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 108 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 109 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Page 110 .

ADF Design – VT Team 5 Appendix F – Machinery Equipment List ITEM QTY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 8 2 2 2 NOMENCLATURE Gas Turbine. Main LM2500+ Gas Turbine. bottom to main deck above.48x1. MMR2 MMR MMR 512 512 512 512 256 262 264 264 SWBS # 234 234 234 234 234 234 556 234 234 556 234 234 REMARKS Includes Acoustic Enclosure Includes Acoustic Enclosure Page 111 DIMENSIONS LxWxH (m) 8.4 m2 2.68 x 1.5 1.00 8. Main Seawater Circ Assembly.22 x 1. MMR2 AMR MMR2.89 4.8 PF 2.9 m2 2x2x2 3. 3 phase.00x2. MGT Lube Oil Storage and Conditioning Purifier. 2nd level if possible.286 2.699 x . 3 phase.622 x 1.6MW 26MW 21MW 28MW 14.40 5. Sec ICR Secondary Engine Intercooler Main Propulsion Generator Secondary Propulsion Generator Propulsion Motors Unit. outside MMR Upper level in corners above.80 x 3.80 x 3. deckhouse and out stack Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull. orient F&A Includes enclosure. MGT Hydraulic Starting Main Engine Exhaust Duct Main Engine Inlet Duct Unit.715 x 1.8 m2 Located next to Secondary Engine Located next to Main Engine Located next to Secondary Engine Pods near end ME away from RG Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull.10 m/s LOCATION MMR2 MMR1 MMR1 MMR2 MMR1 MMR1. 60 Hz.118 (H) x 1. AMR MMR2.70 x 2.80 2x2x2 5. orient F&A Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull.5x1.384 (dia) 1. deckhouse and out side of stack or deckhouse near end ME away from RG Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull. 60 Hz.384 (dia) 1.254 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2 4 2 2 2 3 2 2 . Lube Oil Pump.80 x 2. AMR FAN ROOM MMR1. 480 V. MMR2 FAN ROOM AMR MMR1.040 .8 PF 1275kW. Lube Oil Transfer NA 1275kW.60 x 1.118 (H) x 1. MMR1.05 1.5 kg/sec 6.48x2.220 x 2. Ships Service Switchboard. 2nd or upper level.1 m^3/hr 4 m^3/hr @ 5 bar 252 3x1x2 10 11 2 2 2 2 311 311 311 311 311 311 324 324 3. 2nd or upper level MMR next to LO purifier 3.092 (H) x 1. AMR MMR2.25MW 94762 m^3/hr 91644 m^3/hr 61164 m^3/hr 61164 m^3/hr 230 m^3/hr @ 2 bar NA 1. AMR MMR1. 480 V.64x2.64 2.8 m^3/hr @ 414 bar 74. Ships Service CAT 3516V16 D Generator.0x2.118 (dia) . MMR2 MMR2 MMR2 and up MMR2 and up MMR1 MMR1 and up MMR1 and up MMR1 and MMR2 Engineering Operation Station (EOS) AMR AMR AMR and up AMR and up MMR2.65x3.0 1. Ships Service SSD Exhaust Duct SSD Inlet Duct PD SS DC-BUS Rectifier PD SS DC-BUS . deckhouse and out side of stack or deckhouse 9 2 Console.61 x 1.74 5.1 m2 0.5x1x2 1.10 x 1. MMR1.830 x .254 x .1 m/sec 0. MMR1.61 x 0.525 x 2.10 m/s 14.25MW Inverter Switchboard.8 m^3/hr @ 414 bar 90. MGT Hydraulic Starting Secondary Engine Exhaust Duct Secondary Engine Inlet Duct CAPACITY RATING 26MW 21. 0. deckhouse and out stack Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull.69 x 1. MMR2 MMR1.1 m/sec 6.60 x 2. outside AMR Upper level in corners P&S MMR lower level near hull and ME next to each engine next to LO transfer pump.511 1.118 (dia) 1.8 m2 9.4 kg/sec 6.41 x 2. 0.55 0.8 m2 11.180 . Main Control Diesel Engine.092 (H) x 1.83 0.37x1.096 x 1.60 x 1.53 x 2.4 kg/sec 6.83 12 13 14 15 5 5 2 1 6 3 MMR upper level in EOS AMR upper level May have single or double inclined ladders between levels depending on space One per space in far corners. deckhouse and out stack Needs to follow almost vertical path up through hull.622 x . MMR1. deckhouse and out side of stack or deckhouse MMR 2nd or upper level in EOS looking down on RG Includes enclosure. Ships Service MMR and AMR ladders MMR and AMR escape trunks MN Machinery Space Fan MN Machinery Space Fan Aux Machinery Space Fan Aux Machinery Space Fan Pump.

7 m^3/hr @ 7.356 1.ADF Design – VT Team 5 24 25 26 2 2 2 2 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 4 4 2 6 2 2 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 1 1 2 2 2 1 3 3 1 1 Filter Separator.6 1.321 x .4 m^3/hr @ 5.651 x . Fuel Transfer Fuel Oil Service Tanks Air Conditioning Plants Pump.321 x . MP Air Receiver.3 ton 454 m^3/hr @ 9 bar 227 m^3/hr @3. MMR1 AMR 514 532 516 521 521 529 529 555 531 531 533 533 542 542 542 542 542 551 551 551 551 551 551 561 561 593 593 593 593 541 541 541 next to FO purifiers 2nd or upper level MMR next to FO purifiers lower level MMR P&S either level.702 1.381 x .864 x 1.508 . side by side lower levels lower levels lower levels lower levels for entering space lower or 2nd level next to distillers next to distillers next to distillers in JP-5 pump room in JP-5 pump room in JP-5 pump room in JP-5 pump room in JP-5 pump room Page 112 1.813 1.5 x 1.762 (dia) 1.642 x 1. compressors and bulkhead 2nd or upper level near LP air compressors next to ram over pods lower level lower level near oily waste transfer pump sewage treatment room sewage treatment room 80 m^3/hr FADY @ MMR2.965 (dia) 3.7 m^3/hr @ 3. JP-5 Service Receiver.490 x . MMR2 MMR1.5x1.203 x .067 x 1.490 x .787 x . MMR1.8 bar MMR1. JP-5 Stripping Filter/Separ.3 m^3 AMR AMR JP-5 PUMP ROOM JP-5 PUMP ROOM JP-5 PUMP ROOM JP-5 PUMP ROOM JP-5 PUMP ROOM MMR2. LP Ship Service Dryer.406 .965 x . Chilled Water Refrig Plants.7 m^3/hr 2. Fuel Oil Pump. Fire Pump.5 m^3/hr AMR 5.190 x 1. JP-5 Transfer Filter/Separ.711 x .651 x . MMR1. MGT Fuel Purifier.533 x. Fire/Ballast Pump.353 x 1.7 m^3 1 m^3 8.829 .836 1.8x0.864 2. AMR near ME. AMR above MMR2. AMR SEWAGE TREATMENT ROOM SEWAGE TREATMENT ROOM .5 1. Air Hydraulic Pump and Motor Hydraulic Steering Ram Pump.5 2.2 bar 150 ton 128 m^3/hr @4. Ships Service Pump.635 x 1. side by side next to AC plants either level.1 bar 22. Air.8 bar 227 m^3/hr @3.042 .2x8.194 x .6 bar 5. JP-5 Service Pump.421 (H) x .8 bar AMR 76 m^3/day (3.321 (dia) . MMR2 MMR1. Starting Air Compressor. compressors and bulkhead 2nd or upper level near ME.067 (dia) x 2.778 x 1. Potable Water Pump. MMR1.1 bar 4.007 454 m^3/hr @ 9 bar MMR2.610 (dia) 1. Ship Service Air Receiver. AMR 30 bar 1.864 1.483 x .2 x 1.7 m^3/hr 28 m^3 225 people MMR1 MMR1 MMR1.737 2.813 x 1. MMR1. MMR2 MMR1.575 1.092 x 2.048 x 2.423 x .686 size for 4 hours at endurance speed 2.219 (dia) 1. Oily Waste Transfer Separator.915 x .5 m^3/hr @ 4.070 x 1. Fresh Water Brominator Brominator Pump. Bilge Pump.635 x .854 x 1. MMR2 AMR AMR AMR MMR2.346 x 1.711 x .3 m^3/hr @ 7.794 x 3.7 m^3/hr @ 4.194 x..5 1.2 AMR m^3/hr) 1.8 bar 11.559 x . Control Air Compressor. Sewage Collection Sewage Plant 30 m^3/hr 7.219 x .334 x .381 x . MMR1 MMR2.5x0.8 1.559 x .508 1.965 x 1. 227 m^3/hr @3.7 m^3/hr 22.356 x 1. Bilge/Ballast Station.508 2.6 bar 2. JP-5 Transfer Pump.6 bar @ 194 SCFM 250 SCFM 12.483 x .185 (H) 1.0 m^3/hr 45.464 x ..381 .794 . AMR MMR2.4 bar 17 m^3/hr 22. MMR2 MMR1.407 (L) x 1.750 2.610 x . Oil/Water Unit. compressors and bulkhead near ME. MMR1.841 x . AFFF Distiller. MMR1.830 (H) x .635 x .6 (L) x.473 2.457 (L) x 1.473 0.2 x 1. MMR2 aft Steering Gear Room aft Steering Gear Room MMR2.

40 76.8 1.6 25.77 79.8 7.1 65.94 27585.00 LCG-m 62.0 TCG-m 0.8 274.8 100.00 0.22 4900.4 0.6 6.5 76.4 57.2 65.8 380485.5 13.7 30.97 163.4 0.5 -214.6 418534.9 10.40 6.8 270.0 198.46 3071.90 504.3 -0. GENERAL COMMAND+SURVEILLANCE AUXILIARY SYSTEMS.5 1894.48 2.8 6.5 Moment 14345.00 0.0 77.8 0.2 81.40 6.2 7.00 0.2 7.0 0.00 0.6 8531.65 77.6 Moment 80.4 6.3 0.0 50.52 14614.0 39.0 0.0 2808.0 LCG-m 64.2 7.9 7.65 0.52 34486.3 6.1 -3.0 0.7 7.2 106.0 5.90 1055.8 2732.4 805.67 16.5 0.9 10.00 Moment 153.0 0.5 13.0 30.2 0.8 48.13 14345.4 2313.45 3.0 0.6 Moment 1529.1 5. GENERAL OUTFIT+FURNISHING.97 83.0 2732.2 34.0 75.00 0.49 Moment 3187.3 6.2 VCG-m 6.0 TCG-m 0.5 Moment 37673.0 0.60 584.8 7.47 31351.0 0.7 0.0 0.3 121.2 0.0 89.1 643.3 6.0 61.7 38048.0 4.1 159.80 192.0 3278.00 F00 F10 F21 F22 F23 F31 F32 F41 F42 F46 F47 F52 SWBS 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 SWBS 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 230 234 235 .9 29.1 16538.6 77.63 163.0 0.00 0.6 268.4 0.7 -8.0 710.0 41.00 0.33 0.3 2.00 0.1 237.8 48.00 332.29 288.1 52.1 5.8 100.0 26.6 15.00 0.3 121.0 426.0 5390.00 0.0 65.00 76.60 182.0 0.92 418534.9 489.4 WT-MT 2191.0 2849.65 77.5 951.71 38048.1 2.61 81.0 0.88 8689.6 8.0 11.5 Moment 236.18 70.1 1.5 202.2 490.07 108.8 8.55 3.6 77.00 0.7 LCG-m 77.20 615.5 445839.0 0.GENERAL ARMAMENT LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT MARGIN LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT + MARGIN COMPONENT FULL LOAD WEIGHT + MARGIN MINOP WEIGHT AND MARGIN LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT + MARGIN LIGHTSHIP WEIGHT MARGIN HULL STRUCTURES SHELL + SUPPORTS HULL STRUCTURAL BULKHDS HULL DECKS HULL PLATFORMS/FLATS DECK HOUSE STRUCTURE SPECIAL STRUCTURES MASTS+KINGPOSTS+SERV PLATFORM FOUNDATIONS SPECIAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS PROPULSION PLANT PROPULSION UNITS GAS TURBINES ELECTRIC PROPULSION WT-MT 1119.0 TCG-m 0.5 3.8 0.2 56.6 27.5 2770.0 0.5 84389.2 480.7 Moment 27305.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 2002.3 268.41 3.0 0.0 1.0 0.09 77.4 36205.6 180.7 4900.1 67.89 84389.3 0.2 6.04 952.7 72.6 383.20 795.00 0.0 6.32 4872.3 16.00 0.9 172.09 14331.60 36015.70 170.3 Moment 488237.0 5.0 0.1 WT-MT 426.0 89.6 13430.6 9488.2 795.4 6.0 4.08 81.3 36015.0 0.00 0.3 3135.00 0.52 2185.0 0.18 70.1 5.5 607.02 0.0 103.0 163.90 78.02 0.45 106.8 31351.7 72.0 0.0 125.7 10.00 0.9 6.80 4.00 0.0 426.55 6.75 445839.9 81.65 77.7 61.00 0.1 34486.59 0.2 WT-MT 6510.96 28.2 8.0 75.8 VCG-m 3.0 46.04 0.1 4674.0 26.1 50.0 0.6 3163.0 8428.9 Moment 169116.76 719.1 75.02 0.2 6.3 770.29 Moment 69703.2 29.4 57.65 77.00 0.7 0.35 40987.0 50.78 5564.9 125.00 0.3 30.51 43573.0 0.1 6.9 Moment 0.69 9.79 6.82 56.00 Page 113 TCG-m 0.18 6.5 25722.1 237.6 LCG-m 75.6 83.00 0.8 0.8 39981.0 7.2 0.19 6.0 0.6 75.0 0.00 0.12 5816.1 75.6 1894.65 3.9 0.9 77.33 3135.57 169116.5 75.7 40295.0 3.9 427.6 142.3 6510.1 -3.00 0.28 380485.3 1.4 VCG-m 5.00 112.38 1455.3 488237.94 7.20 2770.1 50.6 822.60 VCG-m 2.02 2191.0 0.0 103.03 0.9 805.0 0.5 6.0 1899.10 2.00 0.0 132.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 -24.5 37673.00 0.54 63306.20 490.0 0.0 0.09 13605.00 0.40 6.2 0.93 83.0 0.7 308.38 5390.6 67.74 1143.1 3018.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Appendix G – Weights and Centers F00 F10 F21 F22 F23 F31 F32 F41 F42 F46 F47 F52 FULL LOAD CONDITION LOADS SHIPS FORCE SHIP AMMUNITION ORD DEL SYS AMMO ORD DEL SYS (AIRCRAFT) PROVISIONS+PERSONNEL STORES GENERAL STORES DIESEL FUEL MARINE JP-5 LUBRICATING OIL SEA WATER FRESH WATER Total Weight MINIMUM OPERATING CONDITION LOADS SHIPS FORCE SHIP AMMUNITION ORD DEL SYS AMMO ORD DEL SYS (AIRCRAFT) PROVISIONS+PERSONNEL STORES GENERAL STORES DIESEL FUEL MARINE JP-5 LUBRICATING OIL SEA WATER FRESH WATER Total Weight COMPONENT HULL STRUCTURES PROPULSION PLANT ELECTRIC PLANT.0 103.0 236.79 78.53 75.2 5816.

00 695.35 316.00 7.00 0.00 0.HANDLING+STORAGE AIR.06 6009.00 383.15 4.90 12.86 0.30 195.28 0.50 95.23 526.04 11.20 22.41 10.5 81. GENERAL CLIMATE CONTROL CPS SEA WATER SYSTEMS (FORWARD) SEA WATER SYSTEMS (AFT) FRESH WATER SYSTEMS FUELS/LUBRICANTS.69 1.00 -34.00 0.84 382.79 5522.75 2964.00 0.00 6.20 19.93 40.00 12.00 112.00 0.30 4908.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 10696.2 100 125.00 0.28 10.4 37.00 0.45 60 65 122.00 5341.50 7371.50 7.5 56.00 112.50 134.56 0.18 607.51 3278.95 39981.00 0.18 32.05 8531.90 0.40 70.52 0.00 0.00 0.40 40.80 2813.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 46.92 176.5 139 139 139 84 139 76.41 8.64 554.50 -126. STOWAGE MISC MECH HANDLING SYS ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CNTL SYS AUX SYSTEMS OPERATING FLUIDS AUX SYSTEMS REPAIR TOOLS + PARTS OUTFIT+FURNISHING.10 84.18 4674.26 8.00 331.83 223.00 0.10 125.FUEL.00 0.40 6.20 49.95 77.90 323.97 78.00 0.58 0.36 0.81 6.23 38.00 31.00 2.00 5987.00 0.21 73.82 144.00 0.00 180.00 -78.50 33.61 99 77.00 0.20 -81.00 44.90 49. UPTAKES PROPUL SUP SYS.80 386.00 0.76 180.70 44.00 0.00 203.25 25.00 0.00 1313.17 27.00 0.4 68.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 14.73 6.08 555.70 10.00 0.8 64.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 178.50 5.00 640.97 685.24 0.65 161.00 49.36 2767.72 6.57 7.00 75.00 0.60 25722.35 73.63 667.00 0.90 0.10 83.03 982.00 0.00 12. GENERAL ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION SHIP SERVICE POWER GENERATION EMERGENCY GENERATORS POWER CONVERSION EQUIPMENT POWER DISTRIBUTION SYS LIGHTING SYSTEM POWER GENERATION SUPPORT SYS SPECIAL PURPOSE SYS COMMAND+SURVEILLANCE COMMAND+CONTROL SYS NAVIGATION SYS INTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS EXTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS SURF SURVEILLANCE SYS (RADAR) UNDERWATER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS COUNTERMEASURES FIRE CONTROL SYS SPECIAL PURPOSE SYS AUXILIARY SYSTEMS.70 13.95 363.90 0.00 2654.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 9.87 121.70 -1.80 0.00 4.70 2.40 1172.30 10.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 9438.90 0.40 883.58 3929.70 49.00 0.40 643.80 20.00 0.73 7.00 0.03 3.60 9.5 67.00 0.84 800.44 0.10 17.18 0.46 7.00 18.3 38.GAS+MISC FLUID SYSTEM SHIP CNTL SYS UNDERWAY REPLENISHMENT SYSTEMS ANCHOR HANDLING+STOWAGE SYSTEMS MOORING+TOWING SYSTEMS BOATS.13 151.56 0.60 57.10 -0.70 23.00 0.44 0.46 10.00 45.65 1388.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 10.00 0.HANDLING+STOWAGE SYSTEMS AIRCRAFT WEAPONS ELEVATORS AIRCRAFT RECOVERY SUPPORT SYS AIRCRAFT LAUNCH SUPPORT SYSTEM AIRCRAFT HANDLING.25 3409.46 21.00 0.00 0.68 111.27 1.70 -2.00 1207.95 16538.23 518.00 2.19 112.5 28 28 119.80 179.00 0.28 0.00 0.40 31.00 0.50 7.00 0.00 0.60 44.41 7.11 337.50 13.00 0.00 10864.66 0.69 0.00 6.89 1068.00 0.50 -0.ADF Design – VT Team 5 240 241 242 243 244 245 250 260 290 300 310 311 312 314 320 330 340 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 520 530 540 550 560 570 581 582 583 585 586 587 588 589 593 598 599 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 690 700 710 720 750 760 780 790 TRANSMISSION+PROPULSOR SYSTEMS REDUCTION GEARS CLUTCHES + COUPLINGS SHAFTING SHAFT BEARINGS PROPULSORS SUPPORT SYSTEMS.76 -28.70 0.50 4.46 0.10 489.00 1.50 0.8 81.5 39 124.81 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.90 1739.00 49.46 7.00 1007.34 26.90 5.00 0.40 34.00 -1.00 0.02 59.10 21.30 8.40 20.00 0. LUBE OIL SPECIAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS ELECTRIC PLANT.60 512.20 270.00 0.00 0.20 Page 114 0.00 0.80 9.40 31.74 4.75 67.33 6.00 0.35 72.00 0.5 101 37.20 67.00 1264.00 0.20 77.52 0.00 -19.80 37.29 3018.00 0.29 2313.00 0.20 19.00 0.20 13.88 0.80 7.90 144.00 0.00 0.19 57.45 0.41 10.40 1183.50 -2.40 2644.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 10049.54 443.00 502.40 5.46 7.00 7.23 64.14 41.GENERAL SHIP FITTINGS HULL COMPARTMENTATION PRESERVATIVES + COVERINGS LIVING SPACES SERVICE SPACES WORKING SPACES STOWAGE SPACES SPECIAL PURPOSE SYS ARMAMENT GUNS+AMMUNITION MISSLES+ROCKETS TORPEDOES SMALL ARMS+PYROTECHNICS AIRCRAFT RELATED WEAPONS SPECIAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS 78.20 10.03 0.11 50.88 3.00 4.00 75.30 1.00 89.00 134.33 0.90 0.00 458.00 0.86 61.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 5.00 0.00 963.00 0.00 -2.41 0.46 14127.00 0.90 2.93 338.00 146.50 235.64 82.00 63.4 122.3 9 132.00 0.50 74.34 2302.00 0.77 88.34 -73.16 2364.00 0.5 -1.79 951.00 0.00 46.4 139 119.40 36205.20 28.10 1117.00 0.00 53.25 127.02 0.32 739.70 43.50 13.00 0.26 6.31 4.20 19.8 81.48 0.40 1140.00 0.4 72.00 0.00 2941.00 0.15 -214.26 2.48 596.00 0.70 0.85 1380.17 19.60 7.64 10.25 4484.34 11.60 13.49 0.80 6340.00 0.56 1237.8 64.

15201 2.3 4.0 15.0 2.4 33.1 8.3 46.7 13.234 2.3 13.9 23.1111206 2.4 16.8 78.22201 2.ADF Design – VT Team 5 Appendix H – SSCS Space Summary SSCS 1.14004 2.8 4.1111101 2.7 15.9 11.46001 2.15 1.91 1.1121101 2.31012 2.131101 2.9 44.6 106.6 21.6 2.1121201 2.51003 2.3 2.1121203 2.8 48.8 1.321201 1.3 53.5 4.21301 2.1111104 2.23401 2.2 376.8 2.95 2.35306 1.4 21.1 1.1111302 2.22403 2.7 9.4 5.21303 2.233 2.6 2.6 16.42001 2. WC & SH SHIP CPO LIVING SPACE SANITARY BRIDGE WASHRM & WC DECK WASHRM & WC ENGINEERING WR & WC ENTERTAINMENT EQUIP STRM PROJECTION EQUIP RM ATHLETIC GEARM STRM RECOGNITION TRAINING LKR WARDROOM MESSRM & LOUNGE CPO MESSROOM AND LOUNGE 1ST CLASS MESSROOM CREW MESSROOM COMMANDING OFFICER GALLEY WARD ROOM GALLEY CREW GALLEY WARDROOM PANTRY CREW SCULLERY CHILL PROVISIONS FROZEN PROVISIONS DRY PROVISIONS ISSUE PROVISION ISSUE ROOM MEDICAL TREATMENT ROOM WARD WARD BATH FWD BATTLE DRESSNIG STA AFT BATTLE DRESSING STA MEDICAL LOCKER SHIP STORE SHIP STORE STORERM LAUNDRY BARBER SHOP POST OFFICE OFFICER BAGGAGE STRM CPO BAGGAGE STRM CREW BAGGAGE STRM WARDROOM STOREROOM AREA 5.5 9.122 1.8 7.2 16.6 5.111123 2.9 2.6 7.51002 2.22202 2.3 11.0 7.1211 2.332202 1.1 4.8 44.132101 2.21101 2.0 6.1 5.232 2.14002 2.9 8.4 55.15302 2.1121303 2.33203 2.16002 2.41001 2.31025 2.13202 1.3 Page 115 .4 6.5 7.9 3.231 2.51001 2.8 78.3 2.3 7.41006 2.0 49.5 21.9 9.7 2.15101 2.3 10.7 15.36905 1.113 1.31024 2.34103 2.14003 2.0 22.36106 1.52001 GROUP VISUAL COM UNDERWATER SURV (SONAR) PILOT HOUSE CHART ROOM INTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS HELICOPTER CONTROL STATION TACAN EQUIP RM AVIATION OFFICE BATTERY SHOP HELICOPTER SHOP AVIATION STORE RM SM ARMS (LOCKER) ARMORY SECURITY FORCE EQUIP COMMANDING OFFICER CABIN COMMANDING OFFICER STATEROOM EXECUTIVE OFFICER STATEROOM DEPARTMENT HEAD STATEROOM OFFICER STATEROOM (DBL) COMMANDING OFFICER BATH EXECUTIVE OFFICER BATH OFFICER BATH OFFICER WR.44002 2.22204 2.8 4.13201 1.33201 2.21201 2.94 1.22302 2.9 16.6 5.391102 1.

1 6.63 3.4 8.6 168.2 5.7 68.5 5.5 1.144 4.7 16.57 2.7 36.3 778.75 3.56 2.821 3.5 39.7 3.5 18.6 35.1 25.301 3.8 23.341 4.3 15.611 3.334 4.5 773.142 4.4 3.3 4.7 154.5 3.342 4.4 16.4 7.9 73.711 3.8 34.36 CPO STOREROOM COMMANDING OFFICER STRM FOUL WEATHER GEAR LOCKER LINEN STOWAGE FOLDING CHAIR STOREROOM CBR DECON STATIONS CBR DEFENSE EQP STRMS CPS AIRLOCKS LIFEJACKET LOCKER STEERING GEAR REPAIR STATIONS FIRE FIGHTING GENERAL SHIP EXECUTIVE DEPT ENGINEERING DEPT SUPPLY DEPT DECK DEPT OPERATIONS DEPT DECK AUXILIARIES ANCHOR HANDLING TRANSFER AT SEA AUX (FILTER CLEANING) ELECTRICAL MECH (GENERAL WK SHOP) PROPULSION MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS DEPT (ELECT SHOP) WEAPONS DEPT (ORDINANCE SHOP) HAZARDOUS MATL (FLAM LIQ) SPECIAL CLOTHING GEN USE CONSUM+REPAIR PART SHIP STORE STORES STORES HANDLING ENGINEERING DEPT OPERATIONS DEPT DECK DEPT (BOATSWAIN STORES) WEAPONS DEPT EXEC DEPT (MASTER-AT-ARMS STORE) CLEANING GEAR STOWAGE NORMAL ACCESS ESCAPE ACCESS SEWAGE TANKS OILY WASTE TANKS COMBUSITION AIR EXHAUST CONTROL COMBUSTION AIR EXHAUST CONTROL GENERAL (AUX MACH DELTA) A/C (INCL VENT) PWR DIST & CNTRL DEGAUSSING SEWAGE TRASH MECHANICAL SYSTEMS VENTILATION SYSTEMS 5.7 50.712 3.941 3.9 16.612 3.7 57.0 9.1 46.2 4.3 10.9 23.2 9.4 Page 116 .62 3.9 2.0 6.78 3.52003 2.0 35.321 4.52002 2.132 4.332 4.1 196.304 3.61 2.71 3.303 3.4 18.614 3.53 3.1 39.6 7.25 3.0 14.2 1.0 1.4 59.9 38.11 3.613 3.9 2.133 4.9 7.ADF Design – VT Team 5 2.5 21.713 3.76 3.715 3.4 2.714 3.134 4.942 4.9 32.31 4.8 139.7 12.305 3.5 7.2 119.35 4.72 3.73 3.9 1.62001 2.8 26.143 4.306 3.9 1.9 10.9 5.3 11.51 3.6 25.63 2.55001 2.302 3.4 87.22 3.74 3.822 3.

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