Job Number

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.BHD. - CHIN BROS
Semi Detached House
Chin Bros
Checked by
Date
SRI
SRI

28th Dec 2012

Retaining Wall Design : Ver W2.5.07 - 24 Aug 2011
Title : RETAINING WALL 2.5m To 0.0
Input Data
Wall Dimensions

H1
H2
H3
Hw
Hr
B
D

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)

2.5
0.6
0
2

C
F
xf
At
Ab
0.45 Cov wall
1 Cov base

Unfactored Live Loads

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
mm
mm

0.25
-0.00
0.00
0.25
0.25
50
50

W
P
xp
L
xl
Lh
x

C14

General Parameters

5
0
0
0
0
0
0

(kN/m²)
(kN)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)

(°)
Soil frict φ
Fill slope β (°)
Wall frict δ (°)
ρ Conc kN/m3
kN/m3
ρ Soil
fcu
(MPa)
fy
(MPa)

Design Parameters

33
0
15
24
19
25
460

SF Overt.
SF Slip
ULS DL Factor
ULS LL Factor
Pmax
(kPa)
Soil Poisson υ
DL Factor Ovt.

Seepage not allowed
Active pressure NOT applied on back of shear key for sliding
Theory
: Coulomb
Wall type : Cantilever

SEISMIC ANALYSIS SETTINGS:
Seismic Analysis ON/OFF:OFF

Hor Accel.

(g)

Vert Accel.

(g)

Include LL's

VALUES OF PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS:
Active Pressure coefficient Ka :0.268
Passive Pressure coefficient Kp :5.854
Base frictional constant µ :0.649

FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT SLS:
All forces/moments are per m
Description
Destabilizing forces:
Total Active pressure Pa
Triangular W-table press Pw
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: uniform portion
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: triangular portion
As a result of surcharge w
Stabilizing forces:
Passive pressure on base Pp
Weight of the wall + base
Weight of soil on the base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of rear portion of base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of front portion of base
UDL of 5.0 kPa

width
FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m )
F Horizontal
Lever arm F Vertical
Lever arm
left (+)
down (+)
15.390
14.355

3.240

1.250

-20.022

0.200

EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT SLS
All forces/moments are per m
1.Moment Equilibrium

0.833
0.667

width

1

4.124
0.000
0.000

0.700
0.700
0.850

0.000

1.133

0.868

0.700

23.700
28.575
17.168

0.693
1.098
1.200

0.000

0.225

5.000

1.200

2.5
2.0
1.4
1.6
150
0.1
0.9

61 kN kN kN kN kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 32.451 0. forces x l.000 0.416 2.a.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.a.prokon.097 0.00 kN 32.Moment Equilibrium Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base.98 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 2.250 -18.833 0.700 0.) where l.) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor. forces x l.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.95 kNm Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 3.) . = lever arm of each force.02 71.200 EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT ULS All forces/moments are per m width 1.200 0.Sum(vert.773 0.a. resistance Fr : : : : : 79. forces x l.) where l.a. Stabilizing moment Mr : Destabilizing moment Mo : 78.667 5.171 FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT ULS: All forces/moments are per m Description width FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m ) F Horizontal Lever arm F Vertical Lever arm left (+) down (+) Destabilizing forces: Total Active pressure Pa Triangular W-table press Pw Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: uniform portion Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: triangular portion As a result of surcharge w Stabilizing forces: Passive pressure on base Pp Weight of the wall + base Weight of soil on the base Hydrostatic pressure on top of rear portion of base Hydrostatic pressure on top of front portion of base UDL of 4.a.a.098 1.330 25.546 20. For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor.133 1.5 kPa 21.700 0.000 1.000 0.a. forces x l. Stabilizing moment Mr : Destabilizing moment Mo : 70.) + Sum(vert.a.59 0.98 kN 0.850 0.a. forces x l. forces x l.500 1.389 0.Sum(vert. forces x l.184 1. For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor.020 0.) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor.43 51. = lever arm of each force.41 kNm 22.00 20. .700 21.) + Sum(vert.Force Equilibrium at SLS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz.200 5.) .718 15.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.BHD.82 kNm 2 .CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Sheet 28th Dec 2012 Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base.000 0.693 1.57 kNm 32.225 4.a. forces x l.

00 0.38 0.00 325.00 325.59 32.00 325.99 1.00 325.59 0.68 0.00 325.20 274.00 0.50 0.56 2.43 0.00 0.89 2.70 77.00 0.00 325.00 325.76 1.61 226.26 1.08 1.54 9.98 258.BHD.04 4.00 325.90 307.72 0.57 0.32 0.82 3.44 13.12 0.58 63.45 0.62 182.Force Equilibrium at ULS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz.26 2.00 0.00 325.30 0.00 0.44 1.69 8.05 10.00 0.85 Moment (kNm ) 25.58 1.11 12.00 325.00 325.86 0.56 169.30 1.00 0.00 325.00 325.72 15.00 0.03 21.00 325.00 0.150 2.00 0.17 1.38 11.00 325.69 kPa Maximum pressure occurs at left hand side of base WALL MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .78 6.47 0.49 1.89 8.00 325.00 0.00 322.83 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 1.00 0.18 36.00 325.81 0.00 325.78 57.41 0.92 4.35 1.44 6.78 211.00 325.03 21.00 0.00 325.00 0.00 0.18 17.00 325. .14 0.00 18.08 3.00 325. resistance Fr : : : : : 71.00 325.00 0.00 0.13 1.00 Sheet 3 28th Dec 2012 .02 64.53 25.00 0.14 7.00 325.55 14.00 0.00 325.00 325.31 1.00 0.93 16.00 325.376 SOIL PRESSURES UNDER BASE AT SLS Maximum pressure : 71.prokon.23 291.60 7.40 196.54 4.45 51.00 325.17 5.00 0.54 112.16 5.81 0.00 0.00 0.43 10.98 1.18 0.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 2.00 325.95 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.00 325.00 325.00 0.36 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.29 23.46 102.00 0.05 0.73 242.56 144.53 24.00 325.18 41.27 0.65 3.46 19.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 325.00 0.88 70.00 325.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.04 1.00 0.62 1.02 325.49 46.00 0.00 0.38 28.53 1.38 12.00 0.26 1.00 325.1997 Position from base top (m ) 0.21 156.41 14.00 0.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.54 0.67 1.00 0.57 133.00 325.83 kN 0.00 325.59 46.00 0.97 94.22 1.23 0.58 5.00 0.85 3.00 0.05 85.45 kN kN kN kN kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 46.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.40 1.74 20.00 325.00 kN 46.00 325.22 8.63 0.71 1.13%) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) 0.77 0.24 122.68 0.80 1.76 kPa Minimum pressure : 21.00 325.00 325.09 0.86 18.24 Front Reinforcing Back Reinforcing Nominal (0.73 1.99 16.

48 0.89 1.17 0.00 325.00 325.00 0.00 325.92 7.00 0.25 Client Calcs by 0.00 0.00 0.78 74.00 0.48 100.00 325.76 13.15 0.07 0.00 325.00 0.prokon.00 0.26 77.00 0.27 0.88 186.00 325.03 0.00 0.10 0.05 1.00 325.31 0.83 11.00 325.15 105.69 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 52.98 2.64 16.00 325.00 325.36 1.93 11.50 1.43 1.00 0.00 325.00 325.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 91.00 SHEAR CHECK AT WALL-BASE JUNCTION TO BS8110 .73 14.99 1.60 -10.00 325.80 0.33 1.00 0.00 325.00 325.00 325.com 1.21 2.00 325.00 0.00 325.26 1.70 Moment (kNm ) -0.73 -3.00 0.30 4.53 1.17 -0.90 129.92 0.63 1.00 0.56 1.00 325.07 Top Reinforcing (mm²/m ) 0.00 325.00 325.07 -1.00 SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.86 0.35 0.71 67.00 0.21 109.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI 0.09 -2.00 325.82 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.00 0.00 325.76 15.35 119.00 0.00 0.56 34.58 0.26 174.00 0.00 BASE MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .00 325.00 325.00 325.25 150.21 2.19 1.00 325.00 Sheet 4 28th Dec 2012 .70 1.00 -0.83 Bot Reinforcing (mm²/m ) 0.00 325.00 325.00 0.16 4.00 325.78 0.65 0.41 0.17 3.80 0.00 325.06 10.94 1.85 0.26 0.00 0.00 325.68 3.00 0.00 325.07 2.00 325.00 0.17 91.12 1.70 16.43 34.00 325.BHD.27 0.1997 Position from left (m ) 0.76 12.00 325.55 5.75 0.34 0.02 0.04 -0.00 325.19 3.00 325.05 59.30 1.68 0.49 0.00 325.00 0.00 325.00 325.00 0.00 0.45 -4.05 0.16 2.69 18.00 0.12 2.38 -0.00 2.00 0.48 19.88 0.00 0.00 325.16 -6.68 -1.45 5.00 325.21 -8.09 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 325.54 -2.46 1.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.80 25.87 139.73 13.03 0.43 8.00 0.00 0.00 325.33 1.22 6.71 121.22 1.14 7.00 325.00 0.73 4.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.04 0.24 0.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.04 20.00 325.51 0.14 0.06 0.64 1.02 1.25 10.61 0.05 162.00 325.98 1.00 0.00 0.11 0.00 325.00 325.00 0.10 0.00 325.27 82.03 2.98 29.00 0.56 40.00 325.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.36 1.33 -12.00 0.77 2.00 0.20 0.00 325.00 0.36 -9.29 1.00 0.00 198.31 1.13%) (mm²/m ) 325.16 1.95 0.00 0.00 0.23 9.52 43.98 46.67 1.85 8.00 325.26 -5.00 325.00 325.00 325.91 5.66 7.14 -7.00 0.39 1.00 325.93 65. .54 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 325.60 1.18 0.41 0.42 26.92 -12.00 0.1997 Nominal (0.00 0.54 2.63 13.20 0.

42 SFovt (ULS) = 2.25 0.1 kN Shear stress at bottom of wall v = 0.00 2.45 0.00 0.) Sketch of Wall Design code: BS8110 .com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.38 SFovt = 3.1997 5.17 SFslip (ULS) = 1.00° 1.00° 0.22MPa vc= 0.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Shear force at bottom of wall V = 42.BHD.60 2.65 V= 42.22 MPa OK Allowable shear stress vc = 0.prokon.41MPa Sheet 5 28th Dec 2012 . .Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.1kN v= 0.8kPa Wall type: Cantilever Theory: Coulomb SFslip = 2.85 µ=0.7kPa 71.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.00° 0.00 21.15 Ka=0.50 0.27 Kp=5.25 33.25 15.41 MPa (based on Wall tensile reinf.

250m Wall Moments 2.80 1.0 14.prokon.500 .0 8.200 Bending moment (kNm) -2.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.0 60.30 1.50 1.00 -4.00 .00 6.20 2.0 12.00 -10.100 Bending moment (kNm) Base Bending Moments 20.00 -8.0 18.600 140 120 100 80.53kNm @ -.300 .00 6 .0 16.0 .00 40.400 .com E-Mail : mail@prokon.60 1.0 -12.0 20.com Client Calcs by Sheet SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.00 2.20 1.64kNm @ .900 .20 1.10 1.0 Position (m) 1.800 .00 .800 .CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI 28th Dec 2012 Wall Bending Moments Moment max = 25.600 Moment max = 18.0 10.70 1.0 0.40 1.00 4.400 .00 -6. .40 1.60 Height (m) 1.700 .BHD.00 1.578m .200 Base Moments .

20 2.800 .0 7 .900 .prokon.80 1. max = 325.100 Reinforcement (mm²/m) 240 60.600 . max = 198.30 1.40 1.0mm²/m @ 2.25m Wall Reinforcement 2.00 .BHD.200 Reinforcement (mm²/m) Base Reinforcement Base Reinforcement Reinf.400 300 250 200 150 100 50.40 1.0 Position (m) 1.20 1. .800 .400 Top 40.50 1.70 1.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Job Title Client Calcs by 28th Dec 2012 Wall Reinforcement Reinf.60 1.300 .00 .600 Front .60 Height (m) 1.00 Nominal 1.500 Bottom .20 Back 1.200 20.0 .700 .10 1.0 .com Sheet SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.9mm²/m @ .0 .com E-Mail : mail@prokon.Job Number Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.667m 320 Nominal 300 280 260 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80.

prokon.BHD. .com E-Mail : mail@prokon.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Schematic Reinforcement Y10@200 (Hor) Y10@200 (Hor) Y10@200 (NF) Y10@200 (FF) 1-R10/m2 clips 1-R10/m2 clips Y10@200 starters FRONT Y10@175 starters Y10@200 (T1) Y10@200 (B1) Y10@200 (T2) Y10@200 (B2) SECTION Sheet 8 28th Dec 2012 .com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.

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