P. 1
pdfa2_13

pdfa2_13

|Views: 517|Likes:
Published by aizat

More info:

Published by: aizat on Mar 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/10/2014

pdf

text

original

Chapter 2

Transparency

Forces And Motion

18

Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
Gravitational potential energy of an object due to its position
Ep = mgh
Path 2 Work done h = mgh Surface of the Earth

m Final

position

Path 1 Work done = mgh

m : mass of object g: acceleration due to gravity h: height of the object from the earthʼs surface

m position

Initial

Water falls due to gravitational potential energy

Kinetic Energy
Kinetic energy of an object due to its motion
Ek = 1 mv2 2

m : mass of object v: velocity of the object

m

v

A flying bird has kinetic energy

The Principle Of Conservation Of Energy
The total energy in a closed system is constant.
Maximum diplacement Total energy = mgh
Maximum diplacement
Total energy Gravitational potential energy Energy Kinetic energy Displacement

m

v m

h

m

Total energy = mgh

Simple Pendulum

Total energy = 1 mv2 2

Total energy = Kinectic energy + Potential energy

Question A ball is released from the top of a building, 20 m tall. What is the velocity of the ball when it reaches the surface of the Earth?

Solution

Gain in kinetic energy = Loss of gravitational potential energy 1 mv2 = mgh 2 Velocity of object, v = √ 2gh = √ 2 × 10 × 20 = 20 m s–1
© Marshall Cavendish ( Malaysia ) Sdn. Bhd.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->