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05/10/2014

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Chapter 3

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Forces And Pressure

23

Pressure In Liquids
Liquid Pressure Increases With Depth
P Water Q R Mercury

Liquid Pressure Increases With Density
Weighing machine

Water

Higher reading

Lower reading

Liquid Pressure Formula
Container

Liquid Pressure Due To Water Column Volume of liquid, V = Ah
Surface of water Water column Area Pressure

Liquid Table

h
A

Water pressure =

Weight of water column Area mg ρVg ρ (Ah)g p = = = A A A p = ρhg

p: pressure of liquid ρ: density of liquid h: depth of liquid A: cross-sectional area g: acceleration due to gravity

Pressure Acting In All Directions
Liquid surface

Applications
A dam holds water at high altitude to increase the water pressure so as to supply water or to generate electricity. A water tank at a higher level can supply water at greater pressure. A submarine has thick walls to withstand enormous pressure at great depth.
© Marshall Cavendish ( Malaysia ) Sdn. Bhd.

Pressure

A point in a liquid experiences pressure from all directions.

Water finds its own level

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