January 18, 2010

CIVIL ENGINEERING COMMUNITY
DESAIN TULANGAN BALOK STRUKTUR BETON

TULANGAN BALOK
Tulangan Tumpuan
Diberikan : Mu = 60,5643 kNm
f’c = 25 Mpa
fy

= 400 Mpa

Jawaban :

⎛ 600 ⎞
⎜⎜
⎟⎟ = 0,0271
⎝ 600 + fy ⎠

0,85.0,85. f ' c
fy

ρb =

ρmax = 0,75. ρb = 0,0203
ρ = 0,75. ρmax = 0,0152
m=

fy
= 18,8235
0,85. f ' c

Rn = ρ. fy.(1 − 0,5.ρ .m ) = 0,0152. 400. (1-(0,5. 0,0152. 18,8235)) = 5,2217

(
60,5643 / 0,8).10 6
Mu / φ
=
= 14498265
b.d² =
5,2217
Rn
Diambil b = 250 mm
d=

14,498265.10 6
= 240,8175
250

h = 240,8175+ 60 = 300.8175 mm → diambil h = 300 mm
DESAIN TULANGAN RANGKAP
Tulangan Desak
R2 = γ . Rn → γ = 0,5
R2 = 0,5. 5,2217 = 2,6108
d = h – d’ =300 – 60 = 240 mm
M1 = R2. b. d2 = 2,6108. 250. 2402 = 37,5961 kNm
M2 = (Mu/ φ ) – M1 = (60,5643/0,8) – 37,5961 = 38,1092 kNm
As’ =

M2
38,1092.10 6
=
= 529,2950 mm2
fy.(d − d ' )
400.(240 − 60 )

Pakai D22 → A = (1 4 )π . 192 = 380,1327 mm2
Jumlah tulangan =

As' 529,2950
=
= 1,3924 → Dipakai 2D22
A
380,1327

Tulangan Tarik

ρbaru = γ . Ρ = 0,5. 0,0152 = 0,0076
As = ρbaru. b. d. + As’ = 0,0076. 250. 240 + 529,2950 = 986,5020 mm2
COPYRIGHT BY : CEC
www.feri82.blogspot.com

8.fs’.5896 Mpa Mn = 0.1327 = 1140. d2 = 2.2102 = 2.blogspot. 66.c = 66.3.4.5896. 137.5699 = 73.January 18.6051. 400 = 456159.25.5961 kNm COPYRIGHT BY : CEC www.5896 Mpa < fy 77.1750 mm fs’ = c − 60 77.6051 d = h – d’ = 300 – 60 = 240 mm M1 = R2.b. f’c. 250.5643 kNm (Aman) Gunakan 5D22 Sket gambar tulangan tumpuan 5D22 300 mm 2D19 250 mm Tulangan Lapangan Tulangan Desak Diberikan : Mu = 26.600 = .85.600 = 137.600 = 760. c − d' c − 60 c − 60 . b.feri82.85.3 = 0 c 4515.85.7150 ) + 760. 25.com .3.(d- a ) + As’.85.456159.8. b = 0.(d-d’) 2 = 0.6250c2 – 226822. 2010 CIVIL ENGINEERING COMMUNITY DESAIN TULANGAN BALOK STRUKTUR BETON Pakai D22 Jumlah Tulangan = 986.8529 − 60 . 380.(240-60) = 91.2402 = 37.f’c.(240 - 66.3 Cc + Cs – Ts = 0 c − 60 .5952 → Pakai 3D22 380.85.5.6250c + 456159.c = 4515.a.0630 c = 77. 0. 91. . luas tul D22 = 3.1327 Kontrol Momen As = 3.3 4515.85.85.2559 kNm > Mu = 60. 250.c).8529 mm a = 0.1750. R1 → γ = 0.3 mm2 Cc = 0.8529 c fs’ pakai = 137.4 mm2 As’ = 2.16797 kNm R2 = γ . 250. fy = 1140.1323 = 760.6250c Cs = As’. 380.5020 = 2.5699 kNm 2 0.5 R2 = 0. (0.600 = 456180 c c c Ts = As.Mn = 0. 5.9896c – 20414069.

2654 mm2 As’ = 2.(d- 0. 25.January 18.f’c. 250. 0.16797 kNm (aman) Gunakan 2D22 Sket gambar tulangan Lapangan 2D19 300 mm 2D19 250 mm MOMEN KAPASITAS Momen Kapasitas Negatif f’c = 25 Mpa fy = 400 Mpa As = 3.16797/0.3453 mm a = 0.c). fy = 850.1327 = 760.2814 kNm 2 Mn = 0.a.c = 4515.Mn = 0. b.8.(240 ) = 64.2654 mm2 ak = ( As.2070 = 1. Ρ = 0.b.2435 mm a ) + As’.6250c – 340234. 380.blogspot. b = 0.0076 As = ρbaru.8.2654).1327 Kontrol Momen As = 2.4251 kNm > Mu = 26.feri82.b = COPYRIGHT BY : CEC www. d.44 = 0 c = 67. 240 = 457.5.85. 25.0881 .8862kNm Karena Hasil M2 Negatf Berarti Penulangan-Nya Menggunakan Tulangan sebelah Tulangan Tarik ρbaru = γ . f ' c.85.85.2814 = 51.85. 380. = 0.1327 = 760.25. luas tul D22=3.fs’.2435 = 0. 250.1327 = 760.c = 57.2654 mm2 Cc = 0. f’c.5861. 380.8) – 37.25 − 760.1689 Cc + Cs – Ts = 0 4515. 57. fy 0. 250.400 0.85.1327 = 1140.φo − As').85.5961 = -4.2435.1. 400 = 304106.(d-d’) 2 57.85.85.com (1140.3981.0076.250 = 50.2070 mm2 Pakai D22 Jumlah Tulangan = 457. luas tul D22 = 3. 380.2028 → Pakai 2D22 380. (0. 2010 CIVIL ENGINEERING COMMUNITY DESAIN TULANGAN BALOK STRUKTUR BETON M2 = (Mu/ φ ) – M1 = (26.85.6250c Ts = As. 64.0152 = 0. 0.3981 mm2 As’ = 2.

4484 mm COPYRIGHT BY : CEC www.85 C1 = d' ⎛ fy ⎜⎜1 − ⎝ ε sΕs ⎞ ⎟⎟ ⎠ = 60 = 180 mm ⎛ ⎞ 400 ⎜⎜1 − ⎟⎟ ⎝ (0.85.77292 ⎞ ⎟ +1140.600 = 456159.25.600 = 684239.10.25.77292 mm fs’ = c − 60 91. f’c. c − d' c − 60 c − 60 . . 25.0881 ck = = = 58.77.600 = 760.85 0. 400 = 570199. fy = 1. 400 = 380132.blogspot.6250c Cs = As'.25.6250c Cs = As'.77292.206.39813.6250c + 850586.49755 c fs’ = pakai 206.= 0. b = 0. c − d' c − 60 c − 60 .3981.600 = 91.85c). fy = 1. 760.85.2654.com . c = 77.26542.6250c + 456159. 2010 CIVIL ENGINEERING COMMUNITY DESAIN TULANGAN BALOK STRUKTUR BETON ak 50.07 c 4515.81c – 27369555 c = 91. a.600 = 206. ⎜ 440 − 77.283528.49202 kNm Momen Kapasitas Positif As = 760.January 18.85. (0. 250 = 4515.25.17c – 41054333 c = 67.26542 mm2 As’ = 1140. c − 60 .71 Cc + Cs – Ts = 0 4515.600 = 1140.49755 − 60 .85.570199. (0.feri82.54685 Mpa < fy = 400 Mpa .25.39813 mm2 Cc = 0.85.250. c c c Ts = φ o As. 250 = 4515. f’c.7 c 4515.6250c2 – 114039. 25. b = 0. 1140. a.(240 – 60) 2 ⎠ = 125.200000) ⎠ Ck < C1 → jadi baja desak belum luluh Cc = 0.6250c2 + 304106. c − 60 .85c). c c c Ts = φ o As.07 Cc + Cs – Ts = 0 4515. .54685.49755mm a = 0.85.9271 mm 0.003.54685 Mpa ⎛ ⎝ Mkap.3981.

feri82.66.600 = 66.3311 mm fs’ = c − 60 67.85.2585 Mpa ⎛ ⎝ Mkap+ = 0. c = 57.85.250.2585. 57.com 67.(240 – 60) 2 ⎠ .4338 kNm COPYRIGHT BY : CEC www.January 18.3311.2585 Mpa < fy = 400 Mpa 67.600 = .4484 − 60 .25. ⎜ 240 − = 73.4484 ⎞ ⎟ +760. 2010 CIVIL ENGINEERING COMMUNITY DESAIN TULANGAN BALOK STRUKTUR BETON a = 0.26542.blogspot.4484 c fs’ = pakai 66.

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