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1 Wall thickness calculation based on asme b31.8 excel
2
Wall thickness calculation based on ASME B31.4 & B31.8 , 30 CFR Part 250, 49
CFR Parts 192 & 195 and DNV OSF101
Mathcad
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Useful Calculation sheets for Oil and Gas Pipeline Engineering (Offshore & Onshore)
If you are intrested to order following files pls send your request to jimallen212@gmail.com
Design
Item no Title Filetype
The price for this collection is 50 US$
Useful Calculation sheets for Oil and Gas Pipeline Engineering (Offshore & Onshore)
If you are intrested to order following files pls send your request to jimallen212@gmail.com
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SOME EXAMPLES:
Construction
General
A
s
D
2
D 2t − ( )
2
−
π
4
⋅ := A
s
0.031m
2
= steel area
I
π
64
D
4
D 2t − ( )
4
−
⋅ := I 9.143 10
4 −
× m
4
= moment of inertia
W
dry
A
s
ρ
st
⋅ g ⋅ := W
dry
2.361
kN
m
= dry weight
B
π
4
D
2
⋅ ρ
sw
⋅ g ⋅ := B 2.038
kN
m
= buoyancy
W
sub
W
dry
B − := W
sub
0.323
kN
m
= submerged weight
S
g
W
dry
B
:= S
g
1.159 = relative density of the pipe
Msag ε
LCC
E − I ⋅
2D
⋅ := Msag 226.77 − kN m ⋅ = allowwable bending moment in the
sagbend
Simplified analysis for determination of stinger reaction force
Vlay, Jlay vs Slay
Pipe parameters
D 20 in ⋅ := D 0.508m = Pipe outside diameter
t 20 mm ⋅ :=
*
t 0.02 m = Wall thickness
SMYS 485 MPa ⋅ := Specified Minimum Yield strength
E 210000 MPa ⋅ := Youngs modules
ρ
st
7850
kg
m
3
⋅ := density steel
Environmental paremeters
y 2500 m ⋅ := Waterdepth
ρ
sw
1025
kg
m
3
:= Seawater density
Lay parameter
ε
LCC
0.12% := allawable beding strain in sagbend (DNV, LCC criteria)
Calculated pipe parameters
L 2.632 10
3
× m = Sagbend Length
H LH
1
:= H 50kN = Required Horizontal tension for bending strain criteria
T H
2
W
sub
L ⋅ ( )
2
+ := T 852 kN = Total tension
V W
sub
L ⋅ := V 850.629 kN = Vertical tension
π
2
atan h L H , ( ) ( )
α L ( ) h L H , ( ) ⋅
h L H , ( ) 1 + ( )
0.75
+
− 86.651 deg = lay angle from differential equation
φ atan
V
H
:= φ 86.67deg = lay angle calculation
Stiffened Catenary Calculations in Pipline Laying problem
D.A. Dixon, D.R. Rutledge,
Journal of Engineering for industry, february 1968
L
D
2 ε
LCC
⋅
1
ε
LCC
y ⋅ 2 ⋅
D
+
2
1 −
0.5
⋅ := L 2.703 10
3
× m = estimate catenary lenght
H 1
ε
LCC
y ⋅ 2 ⋅
D
+
2
1 −
0.5 −
W
sub
⋅ L ⋅ := H 68.4 kN = Lay tension
dimensionless horizontal force dimensionless touchdown point
α L ( )
E I ⋅
W
sub
L
3
⋅
:= h L H , ( )
H
W
sub
L ⋅
:= z
0
L H , ( )
E I ⋅
L
2
H ⋅
( )
− :=
Given
y L h L H , ( )
2
1 +
( )
0.5
h L H , ( )
2
z
0
L H , ( )
2
+ ( )
0.5
− α L ( )
2 1
h L H , ( )
0.5
h L H , ( )
2
z
0
L H , ( )
2
− ( )
0.75
⋅
h L H , ( )
2
h L H , ( )
2
1 +
( )
2
−
⋅ +
⋅ =
Msag
h L H , ( )
h L H , ( )
2
z
0
L H , ( )
2
+
h L H , ( )
2
z
0
L H , ( )
2
+ ( )
0.25
h L H , ( )
1.5
−
E I ⋅
L
⋅ =
LH Find L H , ( ) :=
L LH
0
:=
R
v
1.439kN = R
v
R
vst
sin β
( )
⋅ := d 0.576m = d sin β
( )
cl
v
⋅ :=
R
h
49.5 kN = R
h
R
vst
cos β
( )
⋅ := R
vst
49.521 kN = R
vst
T 2 ⋅ sin β
( )
:= Support reactions:
V
Radius
341.3m = chord angle β 1.665deg = β
π
2
φ −
2
:=
V
Radius
cl
v
2 cos
π
4
φ
2
+
:= Stinger chord length and radius cl
v
19.833 m = cl
v
19.8m
sin φ
( )
:=
V  lay
φ
(π/2 +φ)/2
(π/2 +φ)/2
(π−φ)/2
(π−φ)/2
φ/2
(π/2 −φ)/2
φ
(π/2 +φ)/2
(π/2 +φ)/2
(π−φ)/2
(π−φ)/2
φ/2
(π/2 −φ)/2
S
Radius
cl
s
2 cos 0.5 π φ −
( )
⋅
⋅
:=
β
φ
2
:= β 43.335 deg = S
Radius
80.1 m =
R
sst
T 2 ⋅ sin β
( )
:= R
sst
1.169 10
3
× kN = R
hs
R
sst
sin β
( )
⋅ := R
hs
802.568 kN =
d sin β
( )
cl
s
⋅ := d 75.489 m = R
vs
R
sst
cos β
( )
⋅ := R
vs
850.629 kN =
R
sst
T
V
H
Rhs
Rvs
Sum H = 0
round T H − R
hs
− ( ) 0 kN =
Sum V = 0
round V R
vs
− ( ) 0 kN =
Sum M = 0
round T d ⋅ R
sst
cl
s
2
⋅ −
0 kN m ⋅ =
R
vst
T
V
H
Rh
Rv
Sum H = 0
round H R
h
− ( ) 0 kN =
Sum V = 0
round T V − R
v
− ( ) 0 kN =
Sum M = 0
round T d ⋅ R
vst
cl
v
2
⋅ −
0 kN m ⋅ =
R
jst
T
V
H
Rhj
Rvj
J  lay
R
hj
H := R
hj
49.5 kN =
R
vj
V := R
vj
850.629 kN =
R
jst
T := R
jst
852.068 kN =
Sum H = 0 , sum V = 0 and Sum M = 0
S  lay
Stinger chord length
cl
s
110 m ⋅ :=
year 365 day ⋅ ≡ day 24 hour ⋅ ≡ hour 60 minute ⋅ ≡ minute 60 s ⋅ ≡
Time Units
psi
1
145
MPa ⋅ ≡ bar 0.1 MPa ⋅ ≡ MPa 1000000 Pa ⋅ ≡ Pa
N
m
2
≡
MNm 10
6
N ⋅ m ⋅ ≡ kNm 1000 N ⋅ m ⋅ ≡ MN 10
6
N ⋅ ≡ kN 1000 N ⋅ ≡ N kg
m
s
2
⋅ ≡
Force/Pressures etc
km 1000 m ⋅ ≡ in 0.0254 m ⋅ ≡ mm 0.001 m ⋅ ≡
Length Units
C 1Q ≡ g 9.81
m
s
2
⋅ ≡ s 1T ≡ m 1L ≡ kg 1M ≡
Define Units and Conversions and Constants
PROJECT
TITLE
d 457.20 mm
T
p
14.30 mm
T
cte
6.00 mm
T
conc
140.00 mm
D
s
7850.00
Kg/m
3
D
cte
1400.00
Kg/m
3
D
conc
3192.00
Kg/m
3
D
w
1030.00
Kg/m
3
D
prod
1030.00
Kg/m
3
W
e
0.000 Kg/m
γ
soil
9.300
KN/m
3
C 0.000 KN/m
2
Φ 30.000 Degrees
N
q
18.40
N
c
30.14
N
γ
15.07
W
p
156.193 Kg/m
W
cte
12.224 Kg/m
W
conc
855.265 Kg/m
W
cont
148.604 Kg/m
W
bouy
454.070 Kg/m
W
sub
718.2160 Kg/m
D 0.7492 m
P 7.0457 KN/m
B 0.3171 m
Q
U1
22.2201
KN/m
2
Q
U2
22.2200
KN/m
2
≈ 0.000 
δ 35 mm
K 0.2013 N/mm
D / 2  [(D / 2)
2
 (B / 2)
2
]
1/2
P / δ
Pipe Sinkage [Refer Figure]
Soil Stiffness
RESULTS
Q
U1
 Q
U2
Pipe overall diameter
Ultimate bearing capacity of soil
Ultimate bearing capacity of soil
Tolerance of iterations
Submerged unit weight of pipe
Pipe width in contact with soil after sinkage
d +2T
cte
+2T
conc
P / B
C N
C
+0.5 B γ
soil
Nγ
W
p
+W
e
+W
cte
+W
conc
+W
con t
 W
bouy
Brinch Hansen's Bearing capacity factors
Unit weight of pipe
Unit weight of corrosion coating
Unit weight of concrete coating
Unit weight of pipeline content
Bouyancy of unit length of pipe
Submerged unit weight of pipe
π [d +T
cte
] T
cte
D
cte
π [d +2T
cte
+T
conc
] T
conc
D
conc
0.25 π [d  2T
p
]
2
D
prod
0.25 π [d +2T
cte
+2T
conc
]
2
D
w
Angle of Friction of soil (For Sandy Soil only else 0)
CALCULATIONS
e
π tan φ
tan
2
[45 +( Φ / 2)]
[N
q
 1] cot Φ
1.5 [N
q
 1] tan Φ
π [d  T
p
] T
p
D
s

Density of pipe content
Unit extra weight
Submerged density of soil
Cohesion of soil (For Clayey Soil only else 0)
Pipe outer diameter
Pipe wall thickness
Thickness of corrosion coating
Concrete coating thickness
Density of steel
Density of corrosion coating
Density of concrete
Density of water
Sample calculations
INPUT PARAMETERS
DASinkage Ver 1.0.1 PIPELINE SINKAGE CALCULATIONS
Sample calculations
B
δ
D/2
D
P
Q
U
DESIGN AIDE  PIPELINE ENGINEERING [http://www.narendranath.itgo.com] Pipe Sinkage/DASinkage.xls
Pressure Drop Through a Pipe of a TwoPhase Fluid
1. Introduction
A mixture of gas and oil flow through a pipeline. This worksheet will use the
LockhartMartinelli correlation to find the twophase pressure gradient.
2. Physical Parameters
The following physical parameters are known.
Pipe relative roughness e 0.0001 :=
Pipe diameter D 150mm :=
Liquid flowrate W
L
20kg s
1 −
⋅ :=
Gas flowrate W
G
2kg s
1 −
⋅ :=
Liquid viscosity µ
L
0.005 Pa ⋅ s ⋅ :=
Gas viscosity µ
G
1.35 10
5 −
⋅ Pa ⋅ s ⋅ :=
Liquid density ρ
L
710kg m
3 −
⋅ :=
Gas density ρ
G
2.73kg m
3 −
⋅ :=
3. Mass Fluxes
Crosssectional
area of pipe
A
π D
2
⋅
4
:= A 0.018 m
2
=
Liqud mass flux G
L
W
L
A
:= G
L
1131.8
kg
m
2
s ⋅
=
Gas mass flux G
G
W
G
A
:= G
G
113.2
kg
m
2
s ⋅
=
4. Reynolds Numbers
Liquid Reynolds number Re
L
G
L
D ⋅
µ
L
:= Re
L
3.395 10
4
× =
Gas Reynolds number Re
G
G
G
D ⋅
µ
G
:= Re
G
1.258 10
6
× =
5. Friction Factors
The individual liquid and gas friction factors are calculated with the Colebrook equation.
guess value f
turb
0.01 :=
Given
1
f
turb
2 − log
e
3.7
2.51
Re f
turb
⋅
+
⋅ =
friction Re e , ( ) Find f
turb
( )
:=
Liquid friction factor f
L
friction Re
L
e ,
( )
:= f
L
0.023 =
Gas friction factor f
G
friction Re
G
e ,
( )
:= f
G
0.013 =
6. Individual Pressure Gradients
Liquid phase pressure
gradient
dPdL
L
f
L
2
G
L
2
ρ
L
D ⋅
⋅ := dPdL
L
138.932
Pa
m
=
Gas phase pressure
gradient
dPdL
G
f
G
2
G
G
2
ρ
G
D ⋅
⋅ := dPdL
G
206.384
Pa
m
=
7. LockhartMartinelli Factor and the Total Pressure Gradient
The twophase multiplier will be calculated using the LockhartMartinelli paremeter and
the correlations provided by Chisholm (1967).
LockhartMartinelli
factor
X
tt
dPdL
L
dPdL
G
:= X
tt
0.82 =
Liquid twophase
multiplier
Φ
L
1 18X
tt
1 −
+ X
tt
2 −
+
0.5
:= Φ
L
4.942 =
Gas twophase mutiplier Φ
G
1 18X
tt
+ X
tt
2
+
0.5
:= Φ
G
4.055 =
Hence the total pressure gradient is calculated using both the gas and liquid
twophase multipliers. They should both be the same.
Total pressure gradient dPdL
T_L
dPdL
L
Φ
L
2
⋅ := dPdL
T_L
3.393 10
3
×
Pa
m
=
dPdL
T_G
dPdL
G
Φ
G
2
⋅ := dPdL
T_G
3.393 10
3
×
Pa
m
=
INTRODUCTION
This worksheet determines the possibility of local buckle occuring in the riser at the clamp
locations using DNV OS F101, October 2010.
INPUTS
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Nominal Diameter of Pipeline OD
nom
20in :=
Actual Outer Diameter of Pipeline OD
ac
20in :=
Wall Thickness t 0.812in :=
Pipe Material PL
mat
API 5L X42
API 5L X46
API 5L X52
API 5L X56
:=
Corrosion Allowance CA 0.118in :=
DESIGN CONDITIONS
Design Pressure P
des
2010psi :=
Design Temperature T
des
225 °F :=
Product Description Product "FWS" :=
Density of sea water ρ
sw
1025 kg ⋅ m
3 −
⋅ :=
Water Depth WD 118.5ft :=
Case D
cond
1. Operating Case
2. Hydrotest Case
:=
AUTOPIPE INPUTS
M
F
139321lbf ft ⋅ := Moment due to Functional Load
M
E
44427lbf ft ⋅ := Moment due to Environmental Load
S
F
9299lbf := Axial load due to Functional Load
S
E
4806lbf := Axial load due to Environmental Load
DNV OS F101 INPUTS
γ
F
1.1 := Load effect factor for Functional Load, Table 44 DNV OS F101
γ
E
1.3 := Load effect factor for Environmental Load, Table 44 DNV OS F101
γ
C
1.07 := Condition Load effect factor, Table 45 DNV OS F101
RISER LOCAL BUCKLING
γ
m
1.15 := SLS/ULS/ALS = 1.15, FLS = 1, tABLE 5.4 Material resistance
factor
γ
sc
1.14 := Low = 1.04, Medium = 1.14, High = 1.26
f
y.temp
23MPa := Derating value due to temperature of the yield stress Figure 2, the
derating value is considered for values above 50 deg C only for
Carbon steel pipes
f
u.temp
23MPa :=
α
u
0.96 := Material Strength factor  Table 56 DNV OS F101
DERIVED DATA
SMYS
SMTS
Wall thickness to be used is
S
smys
42000 psi ⋅ =
U
smts
60200 psi ⋅ =
t 0.694 in ⋅ =
f
y
S
smys
f
y.temp
−
( )
α
u
⋅ 3.712 10
4
× psi ⋅ = :=
f
u
U
smts
f
u.temp
−
( )
α
u
⋅ 5.459 10
4
× psi = :=
P
hyd
g WD ⋅ ρ
sw
⋅ 52.657 psi = := Pressure as a result of the water depth
f
cb
min f
y
f
u
1.15
,

\


¹
3.712 10
4
× psi = :=
P
bu
2 t CA − ( ) ⋅
OD
ac
t CA − ( ) −
¸
(
(
¸
f
cb
⋅
2
3
⋅ 2.542 10
3
× psi = :=
CALCULATIONS
The Design Moment is given by
M
Sd
M
F
γ
F
⋅ γ
C
⋅
( )
M
E
γ
E
⋅
( )
+ :=
Inteference and Accidental loads are assumed to be Zero
The plastic capacity for a pipe is given as
M
p
f
y
OD
ac
t −
( )
2
⋅ t ⋅ :=
The normalised moment is given as
M
Sdn
M
Sd
M
p
0.277 = :=
The design Effective axial force is given by
S
Sd
S
F
γ
F
⋅ γ
C
⋅
( )
S
E
γ
E
⋅
( )
+ := Inteference and Accidental loads are assumed to be Zero
The plastic capacity of the pipe is given as
S
p
f
y
π ⋅ OD
ac
t −
( )
⋅ t ⋅ :=
The normalised axial force is given as
S
Sdn
S
Sd
S
p
0.011 = :=
Factor used in combined loading strain is given as
β 0.5
OD
ac
t

\


¹
15 < if
60
OD
ac
t

\


¹
−
90
15
OD
ac
t

\


¹
≤ 60 ≤ if
0
OD
ac
t

\


¹
60 > if
:=
β 0.346 =
Effect of the D/t ratio is given as
α
p
1 β − ( )
P
des
P
hyd
−
P
bu

\


¹
2
3

\


¹
< if
1 3β 1
P
des
P
hyd
−
P
bu
−

\


¹
⋅ −
¸
(
(
¸
P
des
P
hyd
−
P
bu

\


¹
2
3
≥ if
:=
α
p
0.761 =
Flow stress parameter is given as
α
c
1 β − ( ) β
f
u
f
y

\


¹
⋅ + 1.163 = :=
LOAD CONTROLLED CONDITION
Pipe members subjected to bending moments, effective axial force and internal overpressure
shal be designed to satisfy the condition that the result of the equaltion must be less than 1
LB
pos
γ
m
γ
sc
⋅
M
Sdn
α
c
⋅

\


¹
γ
m
γ
sc
⋅ S
Sdn
⋅
α
c

\


¹
2
+
¸
(
(
(
¸
2
α
p
P
des
P
hyd
−
α
c
P
bu
⋅

\


¹
⋅
¸
(
(
¸
2
+ 0.351 = :=
is "Not Likely" LB
pos
1 < if
"Likely" LB
pos
1 ≥ if
:=
The possibility of buckling at the location is "Not Likely" =
WALL THICKNESS CALCULATION
to calculate wall thickness based on Dnv 1981 & ASME B.31.4
PREPARED BY : IVG
CHECKED BY :
Input data:
maximum water depth
d
max
56m :=
minimum water depth
d
min
20m :=
usage factor
η
h_1
0.72 :=
η
h_2
0.5 :=
temperature derating factor k
t
1 :=
seawater density ρ
sw
64
lb
ft
3
:=
maximum external pressure P
e_max
ρ
sw
g d
max
:=
P
e_max
5.63 10
5
Pa =
minimum external pressure P
e_min
ρ
sw
g d
min
:=
P
e_min
2.011 10
5
Pa =
pressure design P
d
1100psi :=
outside diameter D 28in :=
corrosion allowance CA 2.5mm :=
Material API 5L X  52
Specified Minimum Yield Stress SMYS 52000psi :=
Specified Minimum Tensile Stress SMTS 66000psi :=
Modulus Elasticity E 207000MPa :=
STANDARD DNV 1981
Zone 1:
Minimum req wall thickness
t
DNV_1
P
d
P
e_min

( )
D
2η
h_1
SMYS k
t
:=
t
DNV_1
0.4 in =
Nominal wall thickness
t
nom_1_DNV_sw
t
DNV_1
CA + :=
t
nom_1_DNV_sw
0.499 in =
Zone 2
Minimum req wall thickness
t
DNV_2
P
d
P
e_min

( )
D
2η
h_2
SMYS k
t
:=
t
DNV_2
0.577 in =
Nominal wall thickness
t
nom_2_DNV_sw
t
DNV_2
CA + :=
t
nom_2_DNV_sw
0.675 in =
STANDARD ASME B.31.4
Longitudinal joint factor Ε 1 :=
S 0.72 Ε SMYS := S 2.581 10
8
Pa =
Design hoop stress
Minimum wall thickness t
31.4
P
d
D
2S
:= t
31.4
0.411 in =
t
nom_31.4_sw
t
31.4
CA + := t
nom_31.4_sw
0.51 in =
Nominal wall thickness
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
DnV 1981
Zone 1 t
nom_1_DNV_sw
0.499 in =
Zone 2
t
nom_2_DNV_sw
0.675 in =
ASME B.314
t
nom_31.4_sw
0.51 in =
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10 Winter 2009
Lecture 10 Example #1 Riser Wall Thickness Calculation
DEFINED UNITS
MPa 10
6
Pa := kPa 10
3
Pa := GPa 10
9
Pa := C K := kN 10
3
N :=
PIPELINE SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Nominal Outside Diameter
D
o
914.4mm :=
Initial Selection Nominal Wall Thickness (Sec.5 C203 Table 53)
t
nom
22.1mm :=
Fabrication Process (Sec.7 B300 Table 71) [SMLS, HFW, SAW]
FAB "SAW" :=
Corrosion Allowance (Sec.6 D203, D204)
t
corr
6mm :=
Elastic Modulus
E 205GPa :=
Specified Minimum Yield Stress (Sec.7 B300 Table 75; 711)
SMYS 450MPa :=
Speciifed Minimum Tensile Stress (Sec.7 B300 Table 75; 711)
SMTS 535MPa :=
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
α
T
1.15 10
5 ÷
C
1 ÷
:=
Poisson's Ratio
ν 0.3 :=
Pipeline Route Length
L
p
10km :=
Linepipe Density
ρ
s
7850kg m
3 ÷
:=
Riser Neoprene Coating Thickness
t
c
12.5mm :=
Riser Neoprene Coating Density
ρ
c
1450kg m
3 ÷
:=
OPERATATIONAL PARAMETERS
API Gravity
API 38 :=
Product Contents Density
ρ
cont
1000 kg m
3 ÷
141.5
131.5 API +
:= ρ
cont
835 m
3 ÷
kg =
Design Pressure (Gauge)
P
d
10MPa :=
Safety Class (Sec.2 C200C400) [L, M, H]
SC "H" :=
Design Pressure Reference Level
h
ref
25m :=
Operational Temperature
T
o
45 C :=
Tiein Temperature
T
ti
0 C :=
Maximum Water Depth
h
l
0m :=
Seawater Density
ρ
w
1025kg m
3 ÷
:=
Hydrotest Fluid Density
ρ
t
1025kg m
3 ÷
:=
09/02/2009 Page 1 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10 Winter 2009
DNV OSF101 PARTIAL FACTORS AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
System Operations Incidental/Design Pressure Factor (Sec.3 Table 31) γ
inc_o
1.10 :=
System Test Incidental/Design Pressure Factor (Sec.3 Table 31) γ
inc_t
1.00 :=
Material Resistance Factor (Sec.5 C205 Table 54) γ
m
1.15 :=
Safety Class Resistance Factor  Operatiosn (Sec.5 C206 Table 55) γ
SC_o
1.308 :=
Safety Class Resistance Factor  System Test (Sec.5 C206 Table 55) γ
SC_t
1.046 :=
Material Strength Factor (Sec.5 C306 Table 56) α
U
0.96 :=
Maximum Fabrication Factor (Sec.5 C307 Table 57)
α
fab
1.00 FAB "SMLS" = if
0.93 FAB "HFW" = if
0.85 FAB "SAW" = if
:= α
fab
0.85 =
Diameter Fabrication Tolerance(Sec.7 G201 Table 717)
ΔD
o
max 0.5mm 0.0075 D
o
, ( ) FAB "SMLS" = D
o
610mm s . if
0.01 D
o
FAB "SMLS" = D
o
610mm > . if
min max 0.5mm 0.0075 D
o
, ( ) 3.2mm , ( ) FAB "HFW" = D
o
610mm s . if
min 0.005 D
o
3.2mm , ( ) FAB "HFW" = D
o
610mm > . if
min max 0.5mm 0.0075 D
o
, ( ) 3.2mm , ( ) FAB "SAW" = D
o
610mm s . if
min 0.005 D
o
3.2mm , ( ) FAB "SAW" = D
o
610mm > . if
:= ΔD
o
3.200 mm =
Wall Thickness Fabrication Tolerance(Sec.7 G307 Table 718)
t
fab
0.5mm FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
4mm s . if
0.125 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
4mm > . if
0.125 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
10mm > . if
0.100 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
25mm > . if
3mm FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
30mm > . if
0.4mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
6mm s . if
0.7mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
6mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
15mm > . if
0.5mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
6mm s . if
0.7mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
6mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
10mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
20mm > . if
:= t
fab
1.000 mm =
09/02/2009 Page 2 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10 Winter 2009
Material Derating (Sec.5 C300 Figure 2)
ΔSMYS 0MPa T
o
50C < if
T
o
50 C ÷ ( )
30MPa
50 C

\


.
¸
(
(
¸
50 C T
o
< 100C < if
30MPa T
o
100 C ÷ ( )
40MPa
100 C

\


.
+
¸
(
(
¸
otherwise
:= ΔSMYS 0.00 MPa =
ΔSMTS 0MPa T
o
50C < if
T
o
50 C ÷ ( )
30MPa
50 C

\


.
¸
(
(
¸
50 C T
o
< 100C < if
30MPa T
o
100 C ÷ ( )
40MPa
100 C

\


.
+
¸
(
(
¸
otherwise
:= ΔSMYS 0.00 MPa =
f
y
SMYS ΔSMYS ÷ ( ) α
U
:= f
y
432 MPa =
f
u
SMTS ΔSMTS ÷ ( ) α
U
:= f
u
514 MPa =
09/02/2009 Page 3 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10 Winter 2009
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
PIPELINE GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES
A
st
π
4
D
o
2
D
o
2 t
nom
÷ ( )
2
÷
¸
(
¸
:= A
st
6.20 10
4
× mm
2
=
A
c
π
4
D
o
2 t
c
+ ( )
2
D
o
2
÷
¸
(
¸
:= A
c
3.64 10
4
× mm
2
=
A
p
π
4
D
o
2 t
c
+ ( )
2
:= A
p
6.93 10
5
× mm
2
=
BUOYANCY FORCE CALCULATION
BF g m ρ
w
A
p
ρ
c
A
c
÷ ρ
s
A
st
÷ ( ) := BF 1.68 kN =
Buoyancy Force Check
BF
chk
"NEGATIVE BUOYANCY" BF 0 < if
"FLOTATION" otherwise
:=
BF
chk
"FLOTATION" =
PRESSURE CONTAINMENT (Sec.5 D200)
Local Incidental Pressure During Operations (Sec.4 B202; Sec.5 D203)
P
li
γ
inc_o
P
d
ρ
cont
g h
ref
h
l
÷ ( ) + := P
li
11.20 MPa =
Local Incidental Pressure System Test (Sec.4 B202; Sec.5 B203 & D203)
P
lt
γ
inc_t
P
d
ρ
t
g h
ref
h
l
÷ ( ) + γ
inc_t
P
d
ρ
t
g h
ref
h
l
÷ ( ) + P
li
> if
1.03 P
li
SC "L" = if
1.05 P
li
SC "M" = if
1.05 P
li
SC "H" = if
:= P
lt
11.76 MPa =
External Hydrostatic Pressure
P
e
ρ
w
g h
l
:= P
e
0.00 MPa =
Characteristic Yield Resistance  Operations (Sec.5 D203)
f
cb_o
min f
y
f
u
1.15
,

\


.
:= f
cb_o
432.00 MPa =
Characteristic Yield Resistance  System Test (Sec.5 D203)
f
cb_t
min SMYS
SMTS
1.15
,

\


.
:= f
cb_t
450.00 MPa =
09/02/2009 Page 4 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Lecture 10 Winter 2009
Wall Thickness Requirement  Operations (Sec.5 D202 Eqn.5.7)
t
1_o
D
o
1
2
γ
SC_o
γ
m
P
li
P
e
÷ ( )
2
3
f
cb_o
+
:= t
1_o
15.19 mm =
Minimum Wall Thickness Operations (Sec.5 C202 Table 52)
t
min_o
t
1_o
t
fab
+ t
corr
+ := t
min_o
22.19 mm =
Wall Thickness Requirement  System Test (Sec.5 D202 Eqn.5.7)
t
1_t
D
o
1
2
γ
SC_t
γ
m
P
lt
P
e
÷ ( )
2
3
f
cb_t
+
:= t
1_t
12.28 mm =
Minimum Wall Thickness  System Test (Sec.5 C202 Table 52)
t
min_t
t
1_t
t
fab
+ := t
min_t
13.28 mm =
Minimum Wall Thickness Requirement for Pressure Containment
t
min
max t
min_o
t
min_t
, ( ) := t
min
22.19 mm =
WALL THICKNESS DESIGN CHECK  PRESSURE CONTAINMENT
Wall Thickness Check  Pressure Containment
t
min_chk_o
"WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT OPERATIONS OK" t
nom
t
min_o
> if
"INCREASE WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT OPERATIONS" otherwise
:=
t
min_chk_o
"INCREASE WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT OPERATIONS" =
Wall Thickness Check  System Test
t
min_chk_t
"WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT SYSTEM TEST OK" t
nom
t
min_t
> if
"INCREASE WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT SYSTEM TEST" otherwise
:=
t
min_chk_t
"WT PRESSURE CONTAINMENT SYSTEM TEST OK" =
09/02/2009 Page 5 of 5
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