Overview
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Introduction Types Applications Devices VRML Job opportunities Future Resources

Virtual Environment (VE)

A computer generated world with which the user can interact Interaction can vary from looking around to interactively modifying the world.

Classroom is a VE .

Definition What is virtual reality(VR)? A computer generated.multi-sensory information program which tracks a user in real time.immersive (or wide field). .

Richard Sayre and Thomas Defanti Bonnie MacBird (Writer) Myron Krueger William Gibson (His assistant) Michael Piller (Writer) Stephen King (Official Website) Silicon Graphics Larry and Andy Wachowski Why it was important The beginnings of VR Interaction through body movement The first computer. idea of immersive VR A look at the possible negative side of VR Virtual Reality Modeling Language Virtual Reality movie grosses $750M worldwide .History Year 1965 1977 1982 1983 1984 1987 1992 1995 1999 Person(s) Responsible Ivan Sutherland Dan Sandin.generated movie First virtual environment The term 'Cyberspace' The Holodeck.

Types      Immersive Augmented Text-based Desktop (Window on a World) Video Mapping .

What is Immersive VR? A type of VR in which the user becomes immersed (deeply involved) in a virtual world. . it is also a form of VR that uses computer related components.

Types of Non-immersive VR   Text-based VR: when a reader of a certain text form a mental model of this virtual world in their head from the description of people . places and things. . Augmented VR: the idea of taking what is real and adding to it in some way so that user obtains more information from their environment.

Applications        Architecture Training Medicine Engineering and Design E-Commerce Entertainment Manufacturing .

Already being created are architectural "walkthroughs" that allow designers and clients to examine homes and office buildings. . before they're built. With virtual reality.Architecture An area in which virtual reality has tremendous potential is in architectural design. inside and out. designers can interactively test a building before construction begins.

particularly during surgery and for surgery planning. and for medical education and training.Medicine   researchers are using virtual reality technology to create 3-D ultrasound images to help doctors diagnose and treat congenital heart defects in children The medical application of VR was stimulated initially by the need of medical staff to visualise complex medical data. .

.Training   United States: The military used it as flight simulators to train pilots.in September. approximately 100 members of the NASA HST flight team received over 200 hours of training using the VR.. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) use VR technology to construct a model of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) . 1993. .

Evans and Sutherland demonstrated a head-mounted stereo display already in 1965. .Devices Head Mounted Displays (HMD): was the first device providing its wearer with an immersive experience.

Screens and optical system are housed in a box that is attached to a multi-link arm. .Binocular Omni-Orientation Monitor (BOOM) BOOM is a head coupled stereoscopic display device.

Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE)    A room with projections on all walls. The users are able to move and control the environment with some kind of input mechanism   Camera Device in hand . floor and ceiling The users wear shutter glasses to get a 3D view of the world.

VR Price: $499.3D VIDEO Eyewear winner of a 2005 & 2006 Consumer Electronics Show Design Award.00 .

that has become a standard authoring tool for the creation of home pages. Home pages become home spaces. In addition to HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). VRML provides three-dimensional worlds with integrated hyperlinks on the Web.Virtual reality Modeling Language (VRML) Most exciting is the ongoing development of VRML on the World Wide Web. .

Characteristics Of VRML  Not a programming language like c++ or java Descriptive (rather than procedural) like HTML File formats contains human readable and editable ASCII text   .

Job Opportunities The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology's (EPFL) Computer Graphics Lab has several openings for PhD students and Post Doctoral fellows in the areas of Computer Animation. and Computer Vision. running) from video analysis Interaction between virtual humans and objects in the Augmented Reality framework. Selected candidates will work on one or several of the following topics:     Motion Control of virtual characters (kinematics. dynamics. and capture) Human body deformations Parametric animation models (e.g. . Virtual Reality.

Sistani house. first phase of the project were to develop the 3Dimensional models of 7 case studies inside the citadel of Bam (Main gate. the reconstruction of the ruins especially of the citadel of Bam has become an important task for experts. four season reception room .Bam and its Cultural Landscape After the earthquake of the 26th December 2003 and the immense destruction of the Bam heritage in Iran.Bazaar. stable.Tekkiyeh (religious plaza). Mosque. barrack.

. The team of drawing the 3D models consisting of in Japan from Waseda University and the team of Raaz Ahang architectural firm in Iran from University of Tehran has made a tremendous effort to build the 3D models.Cont….

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If this is the case then we should have a computer powerful enough to run immersive VR programs in our own homes by the year 2037.Future 1999 10% of the world's computing power was non-human 2029 99% of the world’s computing capacity will be non-human In the past. computing power has doubled approximately every 18 months. a trend that is known as Moore’s Law. .

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com.ch http://www.Design By : Masih Farnia Resources: http://www.umd.wam.ca http://www.tw http://www.innovation.reflex.xboxfront.edu .com http://vrlab.edu http://www.activeworlds.panovision.lth.de http://www.at http://www.washington.hitl.bmw.epfl.se http://www.

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