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05/10/2014

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Chapter 5

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Light

39

Total Internal Reflection Of Light
Air Glass Incident ray Refracted ray
Air Glass Critical angle Refracted ray

c

c
Reflected ray (Weak)

Air Glass Incident ray Reflected ray (Bright)

Reflected ray (Weak)

Incident ray

Refraction and reflection

Angle c is critical angle

Total internal reflection
Total internal reflection

To Determine Critical Angle
The angle of incidence is increased until total internal reflection is attained. The angle of incidence is called the critical angle c. The refractive index, 1 Incident ray n= sin c

Conditions for total internal reflection: Semi-circular glass block • Light must be refracted from a denser medium to a less dense medium. • The angle of incidence must be greater than the critical angle.

Phenomena
Object (cloud) Colder air layer (Denser) Hotter air layer Total (Less dense) internal reflection Road

98°

Worm

Image (cloud)

How a mirage is formed.

The fish is able to see the worm behind a stone due to total internal reflection of light.

The formation of rainbow is due to refraction and total internal reflection of light.

Applications Of Total Internal Reflection Of Light
A light ray in a diamond experiences multiple total internal reflections before emerging from the diamond. This causes the diamond to sparkle even in dim light.
© Marshall Cavendish ( Malaysia ) Sdn. Bhd.

Binoculars

Optical fibre

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