Waste Minimization and Management Presentation 35

S. F. (Buck) Dear

DRILLING TECHNICIAN SCHOOL
ExxonMobil Development Company Houston, Texas 2004

Drilling Wastes
• Air Discharges
– Greenhouse gases – NOx, SOx – Dust

• Land/Water Discharges
– Drilling and Completion Fluids – Drilled Cuttings and Adhered Fluids – Miscellaneous

Drilling Waste Issues • Key Issue .Drilled Cuttings Discharge – Regulations driven by • Precautionary Principle • North Sea Cuttings Piles • Other Issues – Use of non-aqueous fluids (NAF’s) – Sound Science – Total Life Cycle Value Assessment .

In this context the proponent of an activity. should bear the burden of proof. precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. rather than the public.Precautionary Principle “When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment.” .

Objectives of Issues Management • Total Life Cycle Value .an analysis and decision-making procedure that analyzes complete environmental information for the full life cycle of a process with financial cost benefit information to: – reduce environmental burden shifting – provide cost-benefit analysis of options • Use of Sound Science to decision-making – site specific analysis of local environmental and economic conditions .

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2004 Drilling Objective • Protect the environment – Minimize wastes and spills – Manage waste streams – Reduce impacts of discharges .

sack products • Management of bulk products • Maintenance of engines .Minimizing Wastes • Eliminate spills • Selection of drilling/completions fluids • Solids control management processes • Management of drilled solids • Management of mud system • Management of liquid mud.

Managing Wastes • Improve re-use/recycling • Treat cuttings – washing/chemical treatment – drying/centrifuging – grinding (+/-) • Cuttings disposal – – – – – offshore discharge vs ship to shore injection thermal treatment land farming bioremediation .

Waste Disposal Options • Land/offshore discharge • Cuttings drying • Grinding/slurrification with injection • Thermal desorption • Incineration • Land-farming • Bioremediation .

Reduction of Chemical Toxicity • Focus on product toxicity/quality • Focus on concentration/usage • Continued research for improvements • Biodegradation .

Mechanical Treatment Example Cuttings Drying .horizontal centrifuge installation on DianaHoover platform rig .

Disposal Example • Cuttings re-injection equipment Carbon Tungsten Treated Impeller Slurry tanks with pumps .

Disposal Example Offshore Injection Diagram .

Disposal Example • Ship to Shore waste disposal of cuttings Photo courtesy of M-I LLC .

Treatment Example • Thermal treatment for hydrocarbons (thermal desorption) Clean Clean Air soil 2 Flue gas air stream 3 High Temperature Baghouse Feed System Air Filter Brandt Triple Shell Dryer Flue gasses Sweep gas fan Cooling air fan 1 Soil Conditioner Slant bed Oil/water separator Air-to-air heat exchanger Clean soil Clean Soil Clean Oil Clean soil or Base Fluid 6 4 5 Oil/water coalescer Clean Water Storage Cooling water Air-to-water heat exchanger/condenser .

verify consistency  Obtain management approval and implement .Planning Steps for Waste Management  Describe project area or site  Identify types and volumes of wastes  Consider regulations  Identify waste management options  Select waste management methods  Prepare plan.

Strategy for Waste Management • Identify waste management options • • Develop ranking criteria Develop ranking scheme via matrix with weighting factors .

Ranking Criteria (Table H-5. p16) • Human health & safety • Regulations & community sensitivities • Economics • Long-term (local) environmental impact • Total Life Cycle Analysis • Reduction in volume / toxicity • Secondary wastes • Suitability for site .

Resources Available • To assist with selection of most appropriate options • To assist in identifying potential areas of concern Local: Reg. B. Tom Trigg) . R. Williamson./Safety/OIMS Groups Project Environmental Group EMDC: Fluids Specialists (M. F. Estes. Dear) Environmental Coordinators (Roy Roberts. Smith. L. S. V.

unbiased • ExxonMobil strives to be corporate citizen leader .Conclusions • Focus on waste management can be win-win • Efficiencies of operations can improve • The scientific approach is practical.

• Other URC reports listed in text with this lesson • Waste Management Plans for other projects • API. E&P Forum Report No. • Exploration and Production (E&P) Waste Management Guidelines.47PR. Owens and Yuh-Hwang Tsao. 2.References • C. Exxon Production Research Company publication. Drilling Waste Management Options. K.58/196 September 1993.93 and supplemental handbook. • Fundamentals of Groundwater and Soil Protection. EPR. TNRCC and other publications .

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