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The term percent means per every 100. 50 percent means 50 out of 100. The symbol % is used to denote percent. Ex: 20%, 35%, 80% etc. Percent to fraction: To convert percent into fraction, divide the percent by 100.

Fraction to percent: To convert fraction into percent, multiply the fraction by 100.

Increment percent = Ex: increment % in 5 and 8 is 3/5 × 100 = 60%.

Decrement percent =

Ex. Decrement % in 5 and 8 is 5/8 × 100 = 37.5%. Some important percent /fractions.

Following rules should be kept in mind for solving the questions on percentage —

1. For converting a given percentage into a fraction, divided it by 100 or multiply by 2. For converting a given fraction into a percentage multiply it by 100.

3. For converting one given quantity, say, x as a percentage of another given quantity, say, y find Note - percentage is never expressed in any unit like rupees or kilos. 4. When there are two articles ‘a’ and ‘b’ in a group and in the ratio of a : b then to express any one article as a percentage of the group, divide the article by the total articles of the group and multiplies the whole by 100.

How many percent is 15 cm of 1 metre? Note: Both quantities are converted into same unit. A person spent 85% of his monthly income and thereafter saves Rs. Example 5. Percentage of ‘b’ = EXAMPLES Example 4.360 per month. 100 – 85 = Rs. 15 If saving is Rs.Percentage of ‘a’ = And. Sol: Suppose his monthly income is Rs. 15 income is Rs. 100 Expenditure = 85% = Rs. 360 income is = Rs. Find out his total income. 100 If saving is Rs. 85 Saving = Rs. 2400 .

If two numbers are respectively 30% and 40% more then a third number. If a student gets 38 marks out of 50. what is the percentage of his obtained marks? Sol: Percentage of obtained marks = 76% Example 7.20% = 12% And 42–(-30) = 72 12% marks = 72 100% marks = Example 9. A student scores 20% marks and fails by 30 marks while another student who scores 32% marks. what percentage is the first of the second? Sol: Let the third number be 100 First number = 100 + 30% of 100 = 130 and Second number = 100 + 40% of 100 = 140 Percentage of the first number to the second number to the second number Example 8.Example 6. Find the maximum marks Sol: Minimum marks required = 163 + 37 = 200 If 50 are the minimum marks then maximum marks = 100 200 are the minimum marks then maximum marks = . What are the maximum marks for the examination? Sol: 32% . gets 42 marks more than the minimum required pass marks. An engineering student has to secure 50% marks to pas. He gets 163 marks and fails by 37 marks.

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