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Figures of Speech

Figures of Speech

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Published by happygirl833
Figures of Speech
Figures of Speech

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Published by: happygirl833 on Apr 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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a change from the ordinary manner of expression using words other than its literal sense to enhance the way a thought is expressed
Most commonly used FOS: simile, metaphor, personification, and hyperbole

 Metaphor

– you imply that two things are alike, but it is not literally applicable  Simile – expresses direct comparison between two unlike things; uses the signal words like, as, as if.

 That

man is a beast.  She is as cold as ice.  Men's words are bullets that their enemies take up and make use of against them.

 Personification

– giving human characteristics to inanimate objects  Hyperbole – an exaggeration of characteristics or attributes, usually done for effects and not to be taken literally.

When she smiles her cheeks fall off. The moon hid herself behind the blue clouds. I had so much homework, I needed a pickup truck to carry all my books home. Wind yells while blowing. Austin has mosquitoes so big, we dry them out and use them as footstools!

A statement that appears to contradict itself. (Adj: paradoxical) Examples:  I'm a liar. How do you know if I'm telling the truth?  The most corrected copies are commonly the least correct.  Less is more.


condensed or compressed paradox Examples:  wanton modesty  cruel kindness  dark with excessive bright  faith unfaithfully kept

A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.  Washington = the United States government  the sword = military  He loves the bottle.  All hands on deck.  Let the courts decide.

Stating one thing while meaning the exact opposite; usually with a humorous or sarcastic side Examples: He was no notorious evildoer but he was twice in jail. What a great day!

Substitution of an inoffensive term (such as ‘passed away’) for one considered offensively explicit (died)  enhanced interrogation = torture  Guys, I feel very terrible about what I'm about to say. But I'm afraid you're both being let go.

use of a word that is normally one part of speech in a situation that requires it to be understood as a different part of speech  I'll get you, my pretty.  Season your admiration.  I'll unhair thy head.  Me, dictionary-ing heavily.

The formation or use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to Examples:  Bang! went the pistol; Crash! went the window.  Ding dong! the bells are gonna chime. #

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