UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration
Maximize the life and value of existing assets while achieving a true 4G network

Prices for any future product or software included herein will be separately negotiated when and if such product or software becomes available. release and timing of any product.Disclaimer The information contained herein is for information purposes only and is intended only to outline Motorola’s presently anticipated general technology direction. 2 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . product features or software release. The information in the roadmap is not a commitment or an obligation to deliver any product. product features or software functionality and Motorola reserves the right to make changes to the content.

.............................12 UMTS to LTE Upgrade Strategy....................................................... 12 Seamlessly Connected Network....... Motorola [6] Long Term Evolution (LTE): Spectrum Analysis............................................... Motorola [7] LTE Upgrade Strategy 3 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration .............................................. Motorola [5] Long Term Evolution (LTE): Air Interface............................................................................ 4 A Dynamic Industry and Technology Evolution............................13 Functional Elements...........12 Spectrum Implications ......................................................... ................................ .............................................................. 10 Subscriber Device Availability............................... ........ Motorola [4] Long Term Evolution (LTE): A Technical Overview..................................................... 5 LTE Performance............................................................. 17 References [1] The drivers to LTE..14 Backhaul Site Upgrade to LTE...............................................................................................................................................Contents References........................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................... Motorola [3] Long Term Evolution (LTE)..............13 UMTS / HSPA RAN Site Upgrade to LTE...7 UMTS " LTE Network Architecture Evolution...................................... 11 Deployment Considerations........................12 Maximize Existing Assets................. 13 UMTS/LTE Architecture ....................................................................16 LTE Video..................................................................16 Conclusion............................................... 3 Abstract.......................................................................................................................................................... Motorola [2] Long Term Evolution (LTE): Roadmap....................................15 LTE Voice........................................................................................................ .........9 Determine the Business Case for LTE ..........

4 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . direct transition path to LTE that makes use of the existing network coverage with seamless hand-over between HSPA and LTE. to get to LTE faster and more cost effectively. Motorola can offer a clear. of course.Abstract As mobile data traffic increases exponentially and ARPU falls almost as rapidly. LTE is the latest technology for 3GPP standards group. competition. UMTS/ HSPA to LTE migration is an option that allows operators to maximize the life and value of their existing assets while also achieving a truly 4G network. LTE deployment decisions today are driven by performance of today’s voice centric networks. network operators in virtually every market are coming to terms with the need to change the way they deliver services. one that promises to deliver more throughputs and reduced latency while also reducing the cost of delivering the services subscribers demand. only by making careful. with their existing networks. This document provides insight into an approach operators can apply now. regulated licensed spectrum. Preparing the network to meet the growing subscriber hunger for bandwidth demands a strategic and focused approach. CAPEX budgets. well-planned choices in next generation technology will today’s operators survive in an increasingly competitive market. subscriber applications and.

3G dongles laptops get introduced to the networks. Service providers and equipment vendors are driving innovations and the latest wireless technologies are improving the efficiency of spectrum used – getting more capacity out of a given spectral bandwidth. and new wireless data services are rolled out. flat rate tariff and continually improving coverage are expected to open up the mass market to wireless data services and drive demand for more rich multimedia content such as video. as well as usage rates.A Dynamic Industry and Technology Evolution Wireless data services are following a growth curve similar to that of wire-line data as the performance and usability of mobile handsets has improved. The number of subscribers. Higher data rates. and carriers have been upgrading their networks with 3.5G technologies in order to deploy both high-quality voice services and introduce mobile data services as shown in Figure 1. has grown considerably. Figure 1 Global Mobile Market Share 5 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration .

and air-interface management functions for these channels moved from RNC to NodeB. Proposed higher-speed enhancement to EDGE. High-speed enhancement to GPRS timeslots.5) / HSUPA (R. The evolution and key technical aspects of these technologies are summarized below: GSM A voice-centric FDD TDM based mobile architecture using an 8-timeslot 200 kHz carrier structure. Enhancement of HSDPA/HSUPA to exploit available radio technologies as well as the option of ‘flattening’ the existing complex architecture. GPRS EDGE E-EDGE UMTS (R.99) HSDPA (R. GSM air-interface timeslots carry shared packet data channels.6) (HSPA) HSPA+ (R. Separate packet core network from CS. with efficient handover between GSM and UMTS. EDGE and Evolved EDGE) and UMTS (with HSDPA. New network technology based on a FDD wideband-CDMA on a 5 MHz carrier. with optional coordination of mobility between the CS and PS domains.7) 6 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration .The 3GPP market is currently served by two technology lines: GSM (with GPRS. Uses ATM and now IP transmission. Shared channels do not use soft-handover. Separate network to GSM. GPRS added to the existing GSM RAN equipment via the PCU and a standardized Gb interface using frame-relay. and works within the R99 frequencies. The split of responsibilities between RAN and core at the Iu interface is different to GSM’s A/Gb interface. HSUPA and HSPA+) and market share for both technologies continues to grow. Core network equipment may be an upgrade from GSM. Adds new high-speed shared packet channels to the existing R99 UMTS system. Introduces a packet overlay to GSM. Supports CS and PS services via dynamic dedicated channels to each terminal.

Sector throughput performance across different channel bandwidth – NGMN Case 3 scenarios These capacity improvements are key to achieving the efficiencies necessary to reach the mass market and the lower cost per bit envisaged for LTE. and has been introduced in 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 8. 3GPP2 and non-3GPP technologies such as WiFi). 7 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration .g. LTE uses significantly different technologies both on the air interface and core network to bring maximum spectral efficiency and bring the network close to the world of IP.The recent increase of mobile data usage and emergence of new applications such as MMOG (Multimedia Online Gaming). LTE is the latest mobile network technology standard in the technology group that created the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSxPA standards that now account for over 89% of all mobile subscribers worldwide.7Mbps vs 33.5x improvement compared to HSPA+ Release 8 in the same 5MHz channels as shown in the below figure 2 below. LTE Performance The LTE air interface has been designed to maximize and provide a consistent user experience across the whole cell. providing a more uniform user experience across the whole cell. LTE is the next major step in mobile radio communications. While LTE boasts peak data rate of over 170Mbps for 2x2MIMO configuration in a 20MHz channel (in Frequency Division Duplex mode). however. The Evolved Packet Core (EPC) brings a flat IP architecture to support the LTE radio air interface and allow interconnection and hand over to legacy technologies.4Mbps). it does not preclude the use of LTE in conjunction with other wireless technologies (e.0 and Streaming Video have motivated the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to work on the next generation of wireless technology called Long-Term Evolution (LTE). Figure 2. together with advanced antenna technologies. With the added advantage of larger channels size. Figure 3 below shows how LTE out performs previous technologies. LTE will ensure 3GPP’s competitive edge over other cellular and mobile broadband technologies. LTE uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) as its radio access technology. Web 2. Even the more realistic sector throughput figures show a 3 to 4 fold improvement compared to HSPA Release 6 and 2. LTE can provide a 10x fold improvement compared to the latest HSPA+ incarnation (3. Mobile TV.

6 1 x 1. and in consequence places emphasis on peak rate in the center of the cell. NGMN Case 3 constant footprint performance with HSPA @ 2.6GHz. Mitigation of the cell shrinkage vs. also experience cell shrinkage or “breathing” issues. LTE other performance features. ultimately resulting in a decrease of the effective cell radius.04 bit/s/Hz 13 kbit/s -100 kbit/s 111 111 30 14 8 1 Note: 1 4 x 12 repeat hard blocked. Better multi-path signal handling capability than CDMA technologies No intra-cell interference. Lowered and more efficient control overhead. Table 1: Spectral Efficiency and Capacity Comparisons 7 METRIC GSM Voice1 EDGE Data2 0. Same tower height. CDMA based technologies.1GHz and LTE @ 2.Figure 3. loading phenomena of CDMA technologies.4 Mbit/s Spectral Efficiency Peak Data Rate Sector Capacity 4 No. Enhanced interference cancellation is better for reduced inter-cell interference. 4higher performance can be obtained depending on scenarios and techniques applied. which provide a number of capacity improvements include: • • • • • • • Multiple antenna techniques to increase overall data rate. hence sector throughput improvement is only found in the region of 10-20% of the total cell coverage area. 2 1x3 soft Blocked.7M bit/s LTE Downlink3 1. such as HSPA.45 bit/s/Hz -200 kbit/s -270 kbit/s Per Carrier Rel 99 UMTS 0. of Transceivers /Cell to deliver the same data capacity 0.74 bit/s/Hz 42 Mbit/s -3. 5 2 x 2 MIMO. 7 Full Buffer Traffic 8 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . This happens because all signals share a single carrier. so an increase in the number of subscribers on the network causes the interference to increase.2 bit/s/Hz -2 Mbit/s -1 Mbit/s HSDPA6 0.57 bit/s/Hz 170 Mbit/s 31.45 bit/s/Hz -14 Mbit/s -2. The spectral efficiency and capacity comparisons are summarized in Table 1 below. as the sub-carriers are for a single subscriber in a time slot. path loss and in building penetration as well as the same power density HSPA+ release 7 and 8 radio improvements uses 64QAM and MIMO.25M bit/s HSPA+5 0. Frequency selective scheduling for additional flexibility and efficiency. 3 20MHz carrier 2x2 MIMO. leading to a shorter range to deliver the same data rate.

simplified operators and smooth cost efficient deployment different from existing GSM/WCDMA core networks but still allows for interconnections to legacy 3GPP technologies via the Serving Gateway and non-3GPP technologies via the PDN-GW to ensure inter-technology hand over. By splitting control and the bearer plane. This architecture is defined as part of the System Architecture Evolution (SAE) effort. This architecture of optimized signaling and data processing.UMTS " LTE Network Architecture Evolution Mobility Anchoring IP flow to bearer mapping IP Address Allocation Flow-based charging Mobility Anchoring IP flow to bearer mapping IP Address Allocation Flow-based charging Mobility Anchoring Flow-based charging IP Address Allocation GGSN Authentication Idle Mode Location Mgmt GGSN Authentication Idle Mode Location Mgmt PDN-GW UMTS bearer control Mobility Anchoring UMTS bearer control Mobility Anchoring Mobility Anchoring IP flow to bearer mapping Authentication Idle Mode Location Mgmt SAE bearer control SGSN Mobility Anchoring Header Compression Ciphering RLC Dynamic Resource Scheduler MAC SGSN Mobility Anchoring Header Compression Ciphering RLC Idle Mode Location Mgmt Radio Bearer Control Radio Admission Control Inter-cell RRM Connected mode Mobility Mgmt Idle Mode Location Mgmt Radio Bearer Control Radio Admission Control Inter-cell RRM Connected mode Mobility Mgmt ServingGW MME Header Compression Ciphering RLC Dynamic Resource Scheduler MAC Radio Bearer Control Radio Admission Control Inter-cell RRM Connected mode Mobility Mgmt PHY (Transceiver) RNC Dynamic Resource Scheduler MAC RNC Node B UMTS PHY (Transceiver) PHY (Transceiver) HSDPA Node B E Node B SAE/LTE Figure 4 UMTS->LTE Architecture Evolution In addition to LTE radio technology evolution. 9 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . The LTE–SAE architecture and concepts have been designed for efficient support of massmarket usage of any IP-based service. roaming. and to cater for a common billing and application layer. flat network architecture with much of RNC functionality now moved to the eNodeB and the remaining functions in the MME and Serving GW as shown in Figure 4. It allows the operator to lower backhaul traffic by bringing the user plane node (GW) closer to the pool of Node-B . 3GPP has defined an IP-based. it allows for much more efficient scaling to better and more cost effectively support the growth in data usage per subscribers already experienced today on 3G networks today.

This capacity crunch is leading many operators to deploy LTE to meet the needs of the mass market wireless broadband and allow for bandwidth-hungry applications such as video streaming to be supported cost effectively with the equivalent or better user experience. The operator initially promotes and LTE for the heaviest data users.5G networks is bringing significant network congestion in the urban areas and many operators are reporting that a significant portion of their cell sites in urban areas are already running at over capacity despite having enabled their all their UMTS carriers.Determine the Business Case for LTE The current wireless broadband uptake in developed markets is fueled by the convergence of consumer desire for both mobile communication and broadband internet access. In this case. Although there are many variations to consider. 4.5G technology can support this market quite well if typical data consumption is under 1 GByte/month/subscriber (Figure 5) beyond which the cost involved in supporting this data traffic on HSPA will make the case for LTE very attractive. 10 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration .e..5G network for the handset subscribers (Figure 4: Right most graphic). The growing traffic placed on the 3. 5. 3. detailed analysis and business modeling indicates that 3. the laptop subscribers.5G wireless broadband as shown in 5. 2. The principle enablers of this broadband uptake are: 1. Multimedia Capable Smartphone (i. Widespread deployment of 3. once the operator has deployed all of his 2-3 x 5MHz UMTS carriers the operator is faced with the need to provide additional capacity and can only continue doing so by adding more cells sites or by means of an LTE network overlay. as low as $10 month to a handset Internet video streaming services Figure 5 shows an example of a city with a population of 8 Million and an operator with 2 Million subscribers. and relieves the congestion on the 3.5G networks. who are moving from predominantly 2G mobiles to 3. Figure 6 shows the addition of an LTE network allows the capacity to be addressed without the need to find and deploy additional cell sites (Figure 6: Leftmost graphic). Figure 5 Real life HSPA operator metropolitan example In effect. iPhone genre) Connected Laptop PC with USB dongles Attractive flat rate and tiered tariffs.

Real life HSPA operator metropolitan example – 3GB/month/subscriber in 2011 and 45% mobile broadband subscribers. Minimize the proliferation of cell sites resulting in lower OPEX and CAPEX that would have been required for a HSPA-only network 3. First mobile phones are expected towards the end of 2010 and mass market handsets may appear mid to late 2011. Enhance consumer experience by relieving congestion throughout the whole cell site 4. laptop users) Subscriber Device Availability Consumer device availability is generally dictated by timing of mobile chipsets. the follow benefits are achieved 1. we see that by adopting the high capacity LTE in addition to a HSPA network and leveraging existing sites for LTE deployment. Figure 7. Left: Cell site numbers to support data growth. Deliver mass market wireless broadband that meets the growth in mobile data usage 2.g. A general view of the LTE eco system development is shown below.Figure 6. LTE ecosystem roadmap 11 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . Leverage High Performance LTE for early adopters (e. LTE mobile chipset samples are expected to start shipping from the middle of 2009. which could deliver early USB dongles in Q1-2010 meaning early LTE operators can start off-loading heavy laptop/netbook users from early 2010. Right: Subscriber/device migration strategy In this example.

In effect. Spectrum Implications UMTS needs to be deployed on a full 5 MHz of spectrum. Both capital expenditure (CapEx) and operating expenditure (OpEx) savings can be realized when evolving from an existing network to a seamless LTE one. the network automatically switches from LTE to the ubiquitous GSM/UMTS network. new backhaul links. The migration from GSM/UMTS to LTE involves a major change in networking technology moving fundamentally from a circuit switched network to all-IP technologies. ancillaries. site re-use and open interfaces to equipment such as existing OSS/ BSS systems can offer a cost efficient network solution. Combining and interworking of LTE with legacy GSM/UMTS technologies will help provide full coverage for voice. etc. as much as 190 MHz of IMT2000 2. In comparison LTE provides initial deployment scalability as it can be deployed in any ITU recognized spare spectrum. Maximize Existing Assets Site acquisition costs.4 MHz and 20MHz. having the ability to be deployed in bandwidths between 1. Operators can leverage existing investments by reusing the existing equipment for their LTE networks. Still. LTE spectrum bandwidth flexibility means that some operators can consider re-farming unused GSM spectrum for LTE deployment as LTE becomes commercially available. Motorola has extensive experience in deployment of IP based technologies like CDMA EV-DO and WiMAX. When users who require both voice and data services move out of the LTE coverage area. it looks like the most likely bands for LTE in the 3GPP markets will be new virgin spectrum bands. It is likely that LTE will be deployed in this band as it offers a unique opportunity for the deployment of LTE in maximum spectrum bandwidth by providing channels of up to 20 MHz hence is a perfect “capacity” band. including common transport (if adequate). We can bring that expertise in network planning.Deployment Considerations Seamlessly Connected Network A seamlessly connected network enhances the user experience. APAC and LAC. The 4th generation of wireless systems will provide users with easy access to voice. data and multimedia. Coexistence of legacy and LTE technologies in the 12 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . data. deployment. and subsequently grown as additional bandwidth becomes available. optimizations and associated managed services to bear on the EUTRAN/EPC networks.1GHz UMTS/HSPA band. and management costs have been recognized as some of the key issues driving the business case of deploying LTE as LTE can add significant capacity leveraging existing site grid and installed ancillaries. adds flexibility. Although not as wide (70MHz in total). the 800MHz is nonetheless a very attractive band for the wider coverage and better in-building penetration it provides compared to the higher frequencies. with the vast majority of UMTS/HSPA deployed today utilizing the 2. Backhaul. CapEx The radio access network is one of the most expensive parts of a wireless network and the cost of ancillaries and site acquisition can be as high as 10x the cost of the BTS. For example. APAC and LAC. and increases efficiency. and multimedia services. hence re-using existing site grid offers significant opportunity for potential CapEx savings. new digital dividend spectrum (800MHz band) is being released by the switch off of analog terrestrial TV services in many countries. protects investments. because LTE can hand off from and to GSM/UMTS complete LTE coverage is not required from day one to provide services in every geographic location. The success lies in the evolution of GSM/UMTS and LTE networks where all 3 networks appear to the subscribers as a single seamless network providing invisible roaming from one technology to the other and providing near ubiquitous coverage. The spectral efficiency of LTE only starts to drop a little for spectrum below 5MHz (10-15%) but still provide significant capacity with these lower spectrum bandwidths. In addition. Shared resources. and will be auctioned in EMEA.6 GHz expansion spectrums is being auctioned in EMEA. which involve new approach in planning a network and new technical challenges such as E2E QoS.

both in terms of personnel and training costs. scheduling. In addition. Co-location of Motorola equipment on a site increases the potential for savings thanks to Motorola’s LTE solutions. 13 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . deployment. which are designed for flexible deployment. A common customer care system and a single billing system can also lead to substantial OPEX savings. leveraging the existing site grid for LTE and limiting the number of new sites has significant benefits and will positively impact OpEx in the long term. LTE Self Organizing Network (SON) features. ciphering/deciphering of user and control plane data.same site provides an opportunity to share expensive backhaul facilities and leverage already depreciated ancillaries by simply adding a compact LTE EUTRAN. OpEx An operator OpEx is directly proportional to the number of sites. and compression/decompression of DL/UL user plane packet headers. optimization and operation will maximize the O&M OPEX reduction of LTE. enforcement of negotiated UL QoS. allowing automation of previously manual tasks linked to planning. admission control. UMTS to LTE Upgrade Strategy UMTS/LTE Architecture IP IPNetwork Network HSS SPR Serving GW PDN GW PCRF MME GGSN SGSN BSC 2G RNC 3G eNode B BTS Figure 8: UMTS/LTE Architecture Node B Other OtherAccess Access Technologies Technologies Functional Elements A brief description of the functional elements that make up the EUTRAN/EPC is provided below: • The eNodeB (eNB) encompasses the bottom layers of the radio link between the user equipment (UE) and the network. It performs many functions including radio resource management. cell information broadcast.

It is responsible for idle mode UE tracking and paging procedure including retransmissions. GSM and UMTS networks are the still active networks today. whenever technically and commercially feasible. • • UMTS / HSPA RAN Site Upgrade to LTE The vast majority of legacy UMTS equipment currently deployed in the field is not LTE capable and even the latest Multi-technology BTS will require new hardware (baseband and radios) to run an LTE network as the underlying enabling technologies behind LTE (OFDM and All IP Flat Core Architecture). an LTE overlay solution has the benefit of limiting the risk of disruption of legacy technologies in the early phase of LTE deployment. with their RF outputs duplexed onto the same RF feeder cables as the UMTS Node B. A UE may have simultaneous connectivity with more than one PDN GW for accessing multiple PDNs. a dedicated OFDM platform capable of supporting LTE maximum capabilities will provides the best performance and maximum OPEX reduction for LTE deployment and operations. Also. 14 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . Motorola has designed the LTE BCU and LTE Radios to minimize OPEX and CAPEX. The Packet Data Network Gateway (PDN GW) The PDN GW provides connectivity between the UE and external packet data networks (PDN) by being the point of exit and entry of traffic for the UE. The compact indoor 19” baseband unit that can be integrated in any 19” rack space. which can be mounted either locally or remotely to the LTE BCU. Another key role of the PDN GW is to act as the anchor for mobility between 3GPP and non-3GPP technologies such as WiFi and 3GPP2 (CDMA 1X and EvDO). The LTE radio transceivers. Since each deployment scenario and requirements are different. roofs or directly attached to the bottom of the cell tower.   Based on analysis using Motorola’s extensive expertise in OFDM and MIMO. The Serving Gateway (SGW) routes and forwards user data packets. For that reason and considering LTE is the latest technology that will carry an operator’s traffic for the long term future. the very high throughput of LTE means that the baseband processing requirement is significantly higher than that of even the latest HSPA+ incarnation HSPA networks will not be switched off when LTE is launched and because LTE will most likely be deployed initially in new spectrum bands (2600 or/and 800MHz). so to de-risk the installation of LTE and ensure no disruption of existing services.• The Mobility Management Entity (MME) is the key control-node for the LTE access-network. new radios and other ancillary elements. or even fitted on an internal wall. antennas should be shared between the existing UMTS equipment and the new LTE system. charging support. The PDN GW performs policy enforcement.  The goal is to reduce the operator OPEX associated with running multiple technologies at the same site. and generation and allocation of temporary identities to UEs. Motorola will work with individual operators to address their specific deployment needs. Motorola can also offer a compact outdoor versions of the same baseband solution that can be fitted on outside walls. it is in the operators’ best interest to deploy a dedicated LTE RAN network as the best LTE solution possible. user authentication (by interacting with the HSS). are connected back to the LTE BCU via a CPRI like fiber interface. are fundamentally different from GSM and UMTS. If the operator has ran out of space in their existing shelter. Lawful interception of signaling is also supported by the MME. thus ensuring a smooth and unobtrusive overlay in existing sites. In general. It also performs replication of the user traffic in case of lawful interception. operators will have to overlay their existing HSPA equipment with new baseband. It terminates Non-Access Stratum (NAS) signaling used for bearer activation/deactivation processes. packet filtering for each user. This allows the operator to re-use much of the ancillary equipment previously purchased at the Node B whilst being able to offer both UMTS and LTE services. while also acting as the mobility anchor for the user plane during inter-eNB handovers and as the anchor for mobility between LTE and other 3GPP technologies. lawful Interception and packet screening.

This has a signalling optimized architecture using an ATCA platform that allows balancing of performance and cost by providing special packet or crypto processing.5x cost of a bearer box performing MME functionality. The Motorola’s WBC700 EPC implementation separates the control and bearer plane via separate physical platforms for the MME and SGW/PDN-GW functions. Motorola EPC (EPS Core) is based on the Wireless Broadband Gateway (WBG) and Wireless Broadband Controller (MME). Motorola’s new LTE ready platforms (WBG) can support GSM/UMTS and LTE simultaneously and have higher performance and capacity than most installed GSN platforms today. The WBG platform is software upgradeable from GSM/UMTS to LTE without new platform nor cards and is available today. It has ~2x capacity and ~0.  Today’s E1 backhaul – 2Mbps – is very unsuited for 4G technologies so a significant upgrade on the backhaul network will also be required. Motorola’s SGSN/GGSN platform (ST40) can be leveraged to support the Serving-GW and PDN-GW functionality for the LTE Core Network. including the following: • • Allows independently targeting of capacity and equipment growth to the control or bearer plane functions.0 can provide a very cost effective and high speed solution for backhauling LTE sites. For some deployment scenarios. This separation of platforms provides a number of benefits to the operators.Backhaul Site Upgrade to LTE Backhaul consideration for LTE E-UTRAN deployment is also critical. Migration to EPC (Evolved Packet Core) Motorola offers the flexible solutions to introduce the EPC architecture for the next generation mobile broadband network.   This amount of bandwidth in the I/O will most likely require controller and backhaul upgrades. 15 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . with individual peaks well above that. A typical LTE site (20 MHz. use of ATCA for control plane and IP routing platform for bearer plane. Motorola has designed and deployed backhaul solutions for many high speed commercial wireless broadband OFDM networks and has the solutions and the expertise to ensure LTE network capability is not throttled by backhaul limitations. The Motorola WBC700 MME function is based on Motorola’s field proven WiMAX CAP-C and EV-DO IPBSC-DO platforms. Motorola recommend the overlay approach that can minimise the operational impact on the existing networks at the cost of additional elements installation.e. Wireless high speed IP microwave backhaul. i. all Packet traffic can be migrated to this new high performance core network. fibre or even DOCSIS 3. 3 Sectors. 2x2 MIMO) may present a Busy Hour (BH) backhaul load of nearly 100 Mbps average throughput. For other deployment scenarios where the operators are willing to save the physical space and leverage the existing sites. The Wireless Broadband Gateway platform supports the following functions in either distributed or centralized configuration: • • • • SGSN GGSN Serving-GW PDN-GW This architecture provides minimum incremental cost for an initial low capacity LTE system and a better long term investment than expanding an existing or new GSN system. Over time. Allows platform hardware matched to function.

The interworking function presents these data sessions to the 2G/3G Core in standard 3GPP legacy interfaces. All legacy services. 2G/3G RAN not needed). 16 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . VoLGA leverages only the 2G/3G Core (e. There is an interworking function between LTE EPC and 2G/3G Core that allows LTE devices to access legacy services via LTE access (i.LTE Voice The use of Single Radio – Voice Call Continuity (SR-VCC) capabilities inside the Motorola EPC will assist the IMS core in providing mobility of multi-media sessions. Circuit Services – Fallback (CS-Fallback) and Voice over LTE via Generic Access (VoLGA) provide bridge alternatives to introduce legacy services with mobility in near-term LTE deployments. LTE Video LTE capacity and lower cost per bit allows for high quality video streaming on any type of mobile devices. MSC or MSC Server) via extensions to Generic Access. It requires a dual-mode device. The user is registered on both the LTE and the 2G/3G networks. Rich media solutions connected to the LTE core network will give the operators the ability to converge broadcasting. no mobility nor roaming required). are just data sessions through the LTE EPC. CS-Fallback is a 3GPP R8 standard that reuses the entire 2G/3G Core and RAN while subscriber is on LTE. the dual-mode device will switch off LTE frequency to 2G/3G frequency to make or take the voice call. Each technical approach leverages the legacy 2G/3G networks in different ways. Motorola plans to support the capabilities in our LTE EPC and EUTRAN to accommodate all three technical approaches. Alternately. dual-mode devices not needed. Mobile operators with fixed line broadband networks that are already offering IPTV like services will also be able to leverage these assets on LTE. Short Messages Services (SMS) are delivered as tunneled data sessions and for  voice legacy services. This technical approach represents the long-term end goal of LTE. like SMS and voice. the Sv interface is NOT needed). Please contact your motorola representative for more information on voice services for LTE. All data sessions are established on LTE.g. The VoLGA Forum is a consortium of vendors and a key driving operator (T-Mobile) who are defining common specifications for this technical approach.e. video on demand. For fixed LTE deployments (e. innovative applications and advertisements solutions into their LTE service and thus give them the opportunity to monetize their LTE network with innovative applications such as Quad-play service and media mobility between access technologies and devices. VoLGA can work today with existing 3GPP LTE standards (e. both bearer and signaling.g. especially when one or more are legacy circuit services.g.

collapsed IP architecture. standards development. LTE is destined to provide a greatly improved user experience. It is not necessary for UMTS/HSPA service providers to go to HSPA+ in order to deploy LTE. Motorola’s LTE solution presents a straight-forward evolution to the world of mobile broadband for the 3GPP service provider. UMTS/HSPA.Conclusion It is expected that many traditional UMTS / HSPA service providers may want to take advantage of the benefits of LTE and choose to migrate along the 3GPP standards path. video leadership. cellular networking (GSM. and to deliver new revenue generating mobile services that will excite users and help operators drive competitive advantage and benefit their mobile broadband services profitability. Leveraging the benefits of Motorola’s mobile broadband experience and proven expertise in OFDM network deployments. Expedience). To realize these goals Motorola is leveraging its extensive expertise in mobile broadband innovation. Following this path. Motorola’s 3GPP customers will be well positioned to provide the world’s most compelling mobile broadband services and applications. many existing UMTS deployments will need significant hardware upgrades to support 3GPP Release 7 and 8 HSPA+ functionalities. Motorola can offer a direct. Motorola’s LTE end-to-end solution will provide a seamless and flexible path to LTE with a high degree of future proofing for the service provider. With the envisaged throughput and latency targets complimented by and emphasis on simplicity. 17 WHITE PAPER: UMTS/HSPA to LTE Migration . For more information on Motorola LTE and HSPA to LTE migration. please talk to your Motorola representative. added capacity and lower cost per bit. including OFDM technologies (WiMAX. and comprehensive services to deliver a best-in-class award winning LTE solutions. well planned transition path from HSPA to LTE that leverages the operators existing infrastructure and site grid and configuration. Further. spectrum flexibility. EV-DO).

. For system. product or services availability and specific information within your country.www. All rights reserved. Inc. ©Motorola.com Printed in USA 04/09. please contact your local Motorola office or Business Partner. 2009. Specifications are subject to change without notice. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent and Trademark Office.motorola.

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