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2.1 f~-ivR‰bwZK †cÖ¶vcU wcjLvbv loh‡š¿i g~j inm¨ D`NvUb Ki‡Z n‡j cÖ_‡g mgMÖ welqwU‡K f~-ivR‰bwZK †cÖ¶vcU †_‡K †`L‡Z n‡e| †`‡ki Aw¯—Z¡ we‡ivax G‡Zv eo GKwU loh‡š¿i †cQ‡b evB‡ii kw³i m¤úK© _vKvi m¤¢vebv LyeB cÖej| mvgªvR¨ev`x wek¦ m¤cÖwZ wek¦ ivRbxwZi ¯úUjvBU ga¨cÖvP¨ †_‡K mwi‡q `w¶Y Gwkqv‡Z ¯’vcb K‡i‡Q| GRb¨, hy³ivóª, hy³ivR¨mn fvi‡Zi Kv‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki ‡KŠkjMZ ¸i“Z¡ eûjvs‡k e„w× †c‡q‡Q| fviZ I Px‡bi gvSvgvwS Ae¯’v‡bi Kvi‡Y hy³iv‡óªi Kv‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki †KŠkjMZ ¸i“Z¡ A‡bK| hy³ivóª e‡½vcmvM‡ii Mfx‡i mvgwiK NuvwU ˆZix Ki‡Z (hv‡K Zviv GLb ej‡Q e‡½vcmvM‡i ‡bŠ-Unj †`qv) mev©Z¥K cÖ‡Póv Pvwj‡q hv‡”Q| Avi hy³ivóª evsjv‡`‡k GKwU Zvu‡e`vi miKvi emv‡Z ‡Póv Ki‡Q, ‡h Zv‡`i ¯^v_© i¶v Ki‡e| fviZ I hy³ivóª B`vbxs ci¯ú‡ii wgÎkw³‡Z cwiYZ n‡jI `w¶Y Gwkqv‡K wN‡i fvi‡Zi Av‡Q wbR¯^ wKQz cwiKíbv| e¯‘Zt fviZ GB Dcgnv‡`‡k wb‡R‡K Pvj‡Ki Avm‡b †`L‡Z Pvq, AvÂwjK kw³ wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb mymsnZ Ki‡Z Pvq Ges G D‡Ïk¨ AR©‡bi j‡¶¨B †bcvj, kªxjsKv, fyUvb, wgqvbgvi wKsev evsjv‡`‡ki g‡Zv iv󪸇jv‡K µgkt fvi‡Zi g‡a¨ Aš—f©~³ K‡i †bqvi i‡q‡Q Zvi my`~icÖmvix cwiKíbv| AvwacZ¨ev`x GB bxwZ †_‡KB fviZ memgq cÖwZ‡ekx iv󪸇jv‡K Aw¯’wZkxj †`L‡Z Pvq, cwiYZ Ki‡Z Pvq e¨_© iv‡óª| †hb fyUv‡bi g‡Zv evsjv‡`k, kªxjsKv I †bcvjI ivóª wnmv‡e e¨_©Zvi M−vwb Kvu‡a wb‡q GKmgq fvi‡Zi Aš—©f~³ n‡q hvq| G j‡¶¨ fviZ memgqB cÖwZ‡ekx †`k¸‡jvi ivR‰bwZK cwiw¯’wZ‡K Akvš— Ki‡Z Pvwj‡q‡Q Zv‡`i wei“‡× bvbviKg AcZrciZv ev AccÖPvi| weMZ ‡ek KÕeQi hveZ evsjv‡`k‡K ivóª wnmv‡e e¨_© cÖgvY Ki‡ZI Pj‡Q GKB iKg AcZrciZv| cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’v `~e©j Ki‡Z †mbvevwnbxi B‡gR bó KiviI †Póv Pvjv‡bv n‡q‡Q wewfbœfv‡e| GB cÖm‡½ MZ 19 b‡f¤^i 2008 cÖavbgš¿xi Dc‡`óv I cyÎ mwRe Iqv‡R` Rq I Kvj© ‡R wmIfv‡°v KZ…©K wjwLZ I Harvard International Review bvgK cwÎKvq cÖKvwkZ Stemming the Rise of Islamic Extremism in Bangladesh kxl©K wbe‡Üi mvigg© D‡j−L Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| 29 wW‡m¤^i 2008 Gi wbe©vP‡bi c~‡e© wjwLZ GB wbe‡Ü Rq e‡j‡Q ÒThe Islamists
cleverly began growing their numbers within the Army by training for the Army Entrance Exams at madrassas.Ó A_©vr ‡mbvevwnbx‡Z PvjvwK K‡i gv`ªvmvi

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D‡j−L Kiv wQj bv| ‡mbvevwnbxi BmjvgxKiY †VKv‡bvi Rb¨ wZwb Toward Renewal: A Secular Plan wk‡ivbv‡g A‡bK wKQzi gv‡S †mbvevwnbx c~bM©V‡bi cwiKíbvI Dc¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb| GQvovI fvi‡Zi G †`kxq `vjvjiv wewfbœ UK‡kv ev mfv-‡mwgbv‡i G †`‡ki †mbvevwnbxi wei“‡× µgvMZ we‡lv`Mvi K‡i‡Q Ges RbMY I †mbvevwnbxi gv‡S `~iZ¡ m„wó Kivi †Póv Pvjv‡bv n‡q‡Q| kw³kvjx †bZ…Z¡, kvmbe¨e¯’v I cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’vi gva¨‡g evsjv‡`k hw` GKwU kw³kvjx iv‡óª cwiYZ nq, Z‡e Zv n‡e fvi‡Zi AvwacZ¨ev`x bxwZi Rb¨ ûgwK ¯^iƒc| KviY, Zvn‡j Ab¨vb¨ cÖwZ‡ekx iv󪸇jvi Rb¨ Zv AbyKiYxq `„óvš— n‡q _vK‡e Ges ZvivI fvi‡Zi cÖfveejq †_‡K †ei n‡q Avmvi AvcÖvY †Póv Ki‡e| cwiYwZ‡Z fvi‡Zi ÔALÛ fviZÕ cÖwZôvi ¯^cœ Pzigvi n‡q hv‡e| 1947 mv‡j fviZ fv‡Mi ci¶‡YB Ks‡MÖm mfvcwZ AvPvh© K…cvbwj e‡jwQ‡jb : Neither the Congress nor the nation has given up its claim of United India' - Ks‡MÖm wKsev RvwZ ALÛ fvi‡Zi `vwe cwiZ¨vM K‡iwb| fvi‡Zi ZrKvjxb cÖ_g ¯^ivóªgš¿x mi`vi ej−f fvB c¨v‡Uj e‡jwQ‡jb : 'Sooner than later, we shall again be united in common allegiance to our nation.' A_©vr AwZ mZ¡i Avgiv RvwZ wn‡m‡e Avevi GKxf~Z ne| j¨vwe KwjÝ I WwgwbK †jwcqvi †jLv eB gvD›U e¨v‡Ub A¨vÛ `¨ cvwU©kb Ae BwÛqv-q ejv n‡q‡Q, ¯^vaxb evsjvi ZLbKvi `vwei wei“‡◊ wn›`y gnvmfvi AvcwË mg_©b K‡iwQ‡jb cwÛZ RIni jvj †b‡ni“| G cÖm‡½ gvD›U e¨v‡Ub D‡j−L K‡ib: Pundit Neheru has stated that he would not agree to Bengal being independent... In his opinion, East Bengal was likely to be a great embarrassment to Pakistan. Presumably, Pundit Neheru considered East Bengal was bound sooner or later to rejoin India.' A_©vr cwÛZ ‡b‡ni“ e‡j‡Qb ‡h wZwb ¯^vaxb evsjv †g‡b †b‡eb bv| ... Zvi g‡Z c~e© evsjv cvwK¯—v‡bi Rb¨ weeªZKi cwiw¯’wZi m„wó Ki‡e| cwÛZ †b‡ni“ g‡b Ki‡Zb †h c~e© evsjv GK mgq fvi‡Zi mv‡_ †hvM w`‡e| GLv‡b BwÛqv WKwUª‡bi cÖwZdjb i‡q‡Q| BwÛqv WKwUª‡bi mviK_v n‡”Q - `w¶Y Gwkqv n‡”Q GKUv ÷ª¨v‡UwRK BDwbU, hvi wbqš¿Y _vK‡e fvi‡Zi nv‡Z; Avi fviZB G A‡ji Rb¨ GKwU AvÂwjK bxwZ cÖYq‡bi AwaKvi iv‡L| Avgiv ï‡bwQ ¸Rivj WKwUª‡bi K_vI - fviZ Zvi ¯^v‡_©i cÖwZ AvNvZ m„wóKvix †h‡Kv‡bv †`‡ki Ici AvµgY Pvjv‡bvi AwaKviI iv‡L|

2.2 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZ fvi‡Zi HwZnvwmK AvPiY G †`‡ki evgNivbv I ag©wbi‡c¶ cÖRvwZi gvby‡liv †Kvb GK inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y fvi‡Zi e¨vcv‡i AZ¨š— i¶Ykxj f~wgKv cvjb K‡i _v‡Kb| ZvB MZ 38 eQi hveZ evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZ fvi‡Zi Zxeª kΓfvevcbœ g‡bvfve I Pig wegvZvmyjf AvPi‡Yi ciI Zviv mKj †¶‡Î fviZ‡K lohš¿Kvix‡`i ZvwjKvi evB‡i iv‡Lb| cÖ‡qvR‡b †`‡ki ¯^v_© wewK‡q w`‡q n‡jI Zviv fviZgvZvi ¯‘wZ MvIqv‡KB AwaK hyw³hy³ g‡b K‡ib| Avðh©RbK n‡jI mZ¨, Avgv‡`i †`‡ki A‡bK weÁ ivRbxwZwe` I fviZ †cÖwgK eyw×Rxwe fviZgvZvi cv‡q Rxeb DrmM© Ki‡Z Pvb| †g‡b wb‡Z Pvb fvi‡Zi mKj Ab¨vq I A‡hŠw³K `vex-`vIqv| wKsev, fvi‡Zi AvwacZ¨ev`x I AvMÖvmbg~jK Kvh©Kjvc‡K †`‡Lb gvZ…myjf †mœ‡ni `„wó‡Z| MZ 38 eQ‡i evsjv‡`‡ki mv‡_ fviZ †h eÜzcÖwZg (?) AvPiY K‡i‡Q Zvi mvims‡¶c wbgœiƒc: • cÖvq 4 nvRvi wK.wg. `xN© fviZ-evsjv‡`k mxgvš— A‡j ¯^vaxbZvi ci †_‡KB fvi‡Zi f~wgKv AvMÖvmbg~jK| weGmGd M‡o cÖwZ wZbw`‡b GKRb K‡i evsjv‡`kx nZ¨v Ki‡Q e‡j Z_¨ cwÎKvq cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| G‡`i †ekxi fvMB wbixn MÖvgevmx| GgbwK fviZxq mxgvš—i¶xiv cÖwZwbqZ A‰eafv‡e evsjv‡`‡ki Af¨š—‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i wbixn MÖvgevmx‡`i m¤ú` jyUcvU, nZ¨v, al©Y BZ¨vw` RNb¨ Kvh©Kjvc Pvwj‡q hv‡”Q| • Avš—R©vwZK AvBb j•Nb K‡i fviZ mxgv‡š— `xN© KvuUvZv‡ii †eov ˆZix Ae¨vnZ †i‡L‡Q| • gywRe-Bw›`iv Pzw³ Abyhvqx evsjv‡`k fviZ‡K †ei“evwo n¯—vš—i Ki‡jI, evsjv‡`k GL‡bv wZbweNv Kwi‡Wvi †diZ cvqwb| Dciš‘, G me A‡ji gvby‡liv ¯^vaxb †`‡ki bvMwiK n‡qI MZ 38 eQi hveZ D¤§y³ †RjLvbvq e›`x wnmv‡e w`b KvUv‡”Q| evsjv‡`‡ki mxgvbvq †R‡M DVv ZvjcwÆ Øxc‡K fviZ †Rvic~e©K `Lj K‡i †i‡L‡Q| bxjdvgvix, cÂMomn wewfbœ c‡q‡›U GL‡bv G‡`‡ki nvRvi nvRvi GKi Rwg fvi‡Zi `L‡j i‡q‡Q| Avš—R©vwZK wbqg bxwZ‡K ey‡ov Av½yj †`wL‡q fviZ Avgv‡`i‡K cvwbi b¨vh¨ wnm¨v †_‡K ewÂZ K‡i‡Q| Zviv dviv°v evua, wUcvBgyLx evuamn DRv‡b AviI WRb Lv‡bK evua w`‡q G‡`k‡K cy‡ivcywi gi“f~wg Kivi cÖwµqv m¤úbœ K‡i‡Q| fvi‡Zi ÔAvš—tb`x ms‡hvM cÖKíÕ ev¯—evwqZ n‡j Zv evsjv‡`‡ki f~cÖK…wZ I A_©bxwZ‡Z †W‡K Avb‡e Pig wech©q| K‡g hv‡e b`xi bve¨Zv, wgVv cvwbi gv‡Qi Drcv`b n«vm cv‡e, Av‡m©wbK mgm¨v cÖKU AvKvi aviY Ki‡e Ges µgk: evsjv‡`‡ki wekvj GjvKv cwiYZ n‡e a~ a~ gi“f~wg‡Z|
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†PvivKvievix‡`i gva¨‡g fviZ G‡`‡k gv`K, Rvjgy`ªvmn fviZxq wewfbœ wbgœgv‡bi mvgMÖx †V‡j w`‡”Q| Avi, Aciw`‡K G‡`k †_‡K cvPvi n‡q hv‡”Q ‡Zj I mvi| wewfbœ ˆ`wb‡K cÖKvwkZ wi‡cv©U †_‡K Rvbv hvq, wcjLvbv Uªv‡RwWi ci mxgv‡š— wewWAv‡ii Abycw¯’wZi my‡hv‡M G‡`k †_‡K wecyj cwigvY R¡vjvwb †Zj, †fvR¨‡Zj I mvi fviZ I wgqvbgv‡i cvPvi n‡q †M‡Q| Avi †`‡k cÖ‡ek K‡i‡Q gv`Kmn wewfbœ wbgœgv‡bi fviZxq mvgMÖx| fviZ memgqB G‡`kxq KzL¨vZ mš¿vmx‡`i Avkªq-cÖkªq w`‡q‡Q| bvbvfv‡e Dm&‡K w`‡q‡Q cve©Z¨ PÆMÖv‡gi wew”QbœZvev`x Av‡›`vjb‡K| 2007 mv‡ji 17 AvMó wmwiR †evgv nvgjvi mv‡_I fvi‡Zi mswk−óZvi cÖgvY cvIqv †M‡Q Ges †mBmv‡_ †RGgwe †bZv‡`i eûevi fviZ hvIqv Avmvi cÖgvY wg‡j‡Q| †Lv` fvi‡Zi gvwU‡ZB fviZxq KZ…©c‡¶i bv‡Ki WMvq ÔwbwLj e½ ms‡•NiÕ e¨vbv‡i Pj‡Q evsjv‡`k‡K wef³ Kivi GK RNb¨ lohš¿| m¤cÖwZ KjKvZvi e½‡mbviv G‡`‡ki 19wU †Rjv wb‡q KjKvZvq cwðge½ †Kw›`ªK GKwU cÖevmx e½f~wg miKvi MV‡bi cÖKvk¨ †NvlYv w`‡q‡Q| D‡Øvab Abyôv‡b Zv‡`i †k−vMvb wQj Ôe½f~wgi `Lj PvBÕ| Zviv fviZ miKv‡ii ‡Pv‡Li mvg‡b evsjv‡`‡ki wei“‡× GB nxb AcZrciZv Pvjv‡”Q| evsjv‡`‡ki hyemgvR‡K aŸsm Kivi Rb¨ fviZ `xN© GB mxgvš— A‡j AmsL¨ †dbwmwW‡ji KviLvbv ‰Zix K‡i‡Q Ges A‰ea Dcv‡q Zv evsjv‡`‡k cvPvi Ki‡Q| d‡j gv`‡Ki giY‡bkvq aŸsm n‡”Q G †`‡ki hyemgvR|

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3. NUbv-cieZ©x fviZxq cÖwZwµqv
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wKš‘ `~f©vM¨RbKfv‡e G‡`‡ki wei“‡× fvi‡Zi GZ lohš¿ I AcZrciZvi ciI weMZ 38 eQi ¶gZvmxb cÖwZwU miKvi fviZ‡K eÜzi gh©v`vq Avmxb K‡i Zvi cÖwZ bZRvby ciivóªbxwZ Aej¤^b K‡i‡Q| ïay ZvB bq, Zviv wewfbœ mgq fviZ‡K G‡`‡ki ivRbxwZ I A_©bxwZ‡Z mivmwi n¯—‡¶‡ciI my‡hvM ‰Zix K‡i w`‡q‡Q| 2.3 m‡›`‡ni ZvwjKvi kx‡l© fviZ †Kb? eZ©gvb miKvi I Zv‡`i fviZcš’x eyw×Rxexiv hyw³ w`‡”Qb - fviZ evsjv‡`k‡K Aw¯’wZkxj Ki‡e bv, KviY AvIqvgx jxM ¶gZvq; hviv eZ©gvb miKvi‡K nUv‡Z Pvq ZvivB Gme K‡i‡Q; Gm‡ei wcQ‡b Rw½ivI _vK‡Z cv‡i - Zv‡`i Gme K_vi ‡Kvb wfwË †bB:

c„ôv : 05

`ye©j Kivi †Póv Ki‡Q, Zviv hw` GKvR Ae¨vnZ iv‡L, fviZ nvZ ¸wU‡q e‡m _vK‡e bv, cÖ‡qvR‡b mivmwi n¯—‡¶c Ki‡eÓ| fviZxq ciivóªgš¿x cÖYe gyLvR©x bqv w`j−x‡Z AbywôZ Ks‡MÖm †bZv‡`i ˆeV‡K GK_v e‡jb, hv AvDU jyK-Gi GKwU cÖwZ‡e`‡b Rvbv‡bv nq| †kL nvwmbvi miKvi‡K i¶v Kivi cÖ‡qvRb †Kb fvi‡Zi? Ae¯’v`„‡ó g‡b nq 25 †deª“qvixi NUbvi ci wewWAvi Gi †h ms¯‹v‡ii K_v ejv n‡”Q Zv fviZ †kL nvwmbvi gva¨‡g Kiv‡Z Pvq| GgbwK m¤¢e n‡j Zviv wb‡R‡`i ¯^v‡_©i AbyK‚‡j evsjv‡`‡ki †mbvevwnbxi ms¯‹viI Ki‡Z PvB‡e| 3.2 fvi‡Zi ‡mbvevwnbxi cÖwZwµqv fviZxq ‡mbvevwnbxi e¨vcK cÖ¯‘wZ †`kevmx‡K DwØMœ K‡i‡Q| GB cÖ¯‘wZ m¤ú‡K© wgwWqvq hv cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q Zv wbgœiƒc: • fvi‡Zi cÖL¨vZ Bs‡iRx ˆ`wbK Hindustan Times G MZ 2 gvP© cÖKvwkZ GKwU wi‡cv‡U© ejv n‡q‡Q, we‡`ªv‡ni ciciB evsjv‡`‡k humanitarian intervention ev gvbweK n¯—‡¶‡ci Rb¨ fviZxq †mbvevwnbx‡K cy‡ivcywi cÖ¯‘Z ivLv n‡qwQ‡jv| cwÎKvwU Rvbvq †h, we‡`ªv‡ni w`b fvi‡Zi wegvb evwnbx (AvBGGd) IL-76 ‡nwf wjd&U Ges AN-32 wgwWqvg wjd&U GqviµvdU wb‡q evsjv‡`k miKvi‡K c~Y© mnvqZv w`‡Z cy‡ivcywi cÖ¯‘Z wQ‡jv| Avmv‡gi †Rvinv‡U Aew¯’Z fvi‡Zi mePvB‡Z eo wegvb NvwU‡K GB mnvqZv wgk‡bi Rb¨ cy‡ivcywi cÖ¯‘Z ivLv n‡qwQj| • weGmGd Gi GKRb WvB‡i±i †Rbv‡i‡ji Dw³ †_‡KI fvi‡Zi mvgwiK cÖ¯‘wZ m¤ú‡K© aviYv cvIqv hvq| MZ 4 gvP© GK wee„wZ‡Z wZwb e‡jb,Òevsjv‡`‡k GB m¼U (ïi“) nevi ci, Avgiv B‡›`v-evsjv‡`k mxgv‡š— KZ©e¨iZ Avgv‡`i mKj ˆmb¨`j I Awdmvi‡`i m‡e©v”P mZK©Zvg~jK Ae¯’vq _vKvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ|Ó • wewfbœ msev` ms¯’vi gva¨‡g Rvbv hvq NUbvi ciciB mxgv‡š— fviZxq KZ…©c¶ †ebv‡cvjmn wewfbœ ¯’je›`i I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© mxgvš— GjvKvq fvwi A¯¿k¯¿mn wecyjmsL¨K weGmGd m`‡m¨i cvkvcvwk we‡kl Kgv‡Ûv evwnbx e−¨vKK¨vU †gvZv‡qb K‡i| GKB mv‡_ mg¯— mxgvš— Ry‡o †iWGjvU© Rvwi K‡i| • fvi‡Zi wcÖ›U wgwWqvi gva¨‡g Rvbv hvq fviZ miKvi ˆgÎx G·‡cÖ‡mi wbivcËvi Rb¨ weGmGd-‡K kvwš—i¶x evwnbx wnmv‡e evsjv‡`‡k cvVv‡bviI cÖ¯—ve w`‡q‡Q|

¯^fveZtB cÖkœ Av‡m, evsjv‡`‡k N‡U hvIqv wewWAvi evwnbxi Af¨š—ixY GB we‡`ªvn‡K wN‡i fvi‡Zi g‡Zv GKwU wekvj iv‡óªi G‡Zv cÖ¯w‘ Z †Kb| Avi hvB †nvK GB we‡`ªvn †Kvbfv‡eB fvi‡Zi Rb¨ wbivcËv ûgwK wQ‡jv bv| Avi ZvQvov †h we‡`ªv‡ni ¸i“Z¡ I fqvenZv (cÖavbgš¿xi msm‡` cÖ`Ë fvl¨ Abyhvqx) cÖavbgš¿x ¯^qs eyS‡Z e¨_© n‡q‡Qb, †h Rb¨ Zviv ‡mbv Awdmvi‡`i i¶vq `ª“Z mvgwiK Awfhv‡b bv wM‡q 36 N›Uv hveZ nZ¨vKvix‡`i mv‡_ G‡Ki ci GK ˆeVK K‡i axi w¯’iZvi mv‡_ ivR‰bwZKfv‡e mvgwiK we‡`ªvn `gb Ki‡jb, †mB we‡`ªv‡ni ¸i“Z¡ ev fqvenZv fviZ miKviB ev wKfv‡e ey‡S †dj‡jv ? GQvov G ‡`‡ki mvgwiK evwnbxi ga¨Kvi †h †Kvb we‡`ªvn `g‡b G ‡`kxq `¶ †mbvevwnbxB h‡_ó, G‡Z m‡›`‡ni †Kvb AeKvk †bB| Zvn‡j, fvi‡Zi wgkb Kx? evsjv‡`‡ki eZ©gvb eÜz miKvi‡K i¶v Kiv? evsjv‡`‡ki miKvi‡K i¶v Ki‡e fviZxq evwnbx| †Kb? Avgv‡`i wbivcËv evwnbx †bB? bvwK cÖavbgš¿x Zv‡`i wek¦vm K‡ib bv? 3.3 fvi‡Zi wgwWqvi cÖwZwµqv 27 †deª“qvixi c~e© ch©š— G‡`‡ki RbMYI cy‡ivcywifv‡e Z_vKw_Z GB we‡`ªv‡ni Avmj iƒc eyS‡Z cv‡iwb| A_P cy‡iv mg‡q fviZxq wgwWqv wQj AZ¨š— Zrci: • wewWAvi †Rbv‡ij kvwKj Avn‡g`mn AviI 11 Rb †mbv Kg©KZ©vi wbnZ nevi msev` fviZxq †Mv‡q›`v ms¯’v wbqwš¿Z P¨v‡bj GbwWwUwf‡ZB me©cÖ_g cÖPvi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i †Mv‡q›`v ms¯’v ‡hLv‡b `yB w`‡bI kvwKj Avn‡g‡`i g„Zz¨ wbwðZ Ki‡Z cv‡iwb, miKv‡ii gš¿x-cÖwZgš¿x Nb Nb wewWAvi †nW‡Kvqv©Uv‡i hvZvqvZ K‡i nZ¨vKvix‡`i mv‡_ `dvq `dvq †`b`ievi K‡iI †hLv‡b MYnZ¨vi Lei cvqwb, †mLv‡b my`~i fvi‡Z e‡m fviZxq wgwWqv 12 Rb Awdmv‡ii wbnZ nevi wel‡q wK K‡i wbwðZ n‡jv? Zvn‡j wK Zv‡`i †Mv‡q›`v ms¯’vi G‡R›Uiv wewWAvi †nW‡Kvqv©Uv‡ii †fZ‡i Ae¯’vb KiwQ‡jv? • fviZxq ‡Mv‡q›`v ms¯’v ÔiÕ Gi mv‡eK kxl© ch©v‡qi Kg©KZ©v we. igb 27 †deª“qvix fvi‡Zi weL¨vZ g¨vMvwRb AvDUjy‡K e‡jb fvi‡Zi cÖwZ wewWAvi m`m¨‡`i ˆeix g‡bvfve evsjv‡`‡ki mv‡_ m¤ú‡K©i ‡¶‡Î evav| • NUbvi ciciB fvi‡Zi wcÖ›U wgwWqvq wewWAvi‡K GKwU AZ¨š— fq¼i evwnbx wnmv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q| • Avi Avb›`evRvi, †UwjMÖvd Gi gZ cwÎKv¸‡jv evsjv‡`‡ki we‡ivax ivR‰bwZK `j¸‡jv‡K AvµgY K‡i avivevwnKfv‡e msev` cÖPvi K‡i‡Q| GgbwK wewWAvi-Gi NUbvq R½x Kv‡bKkb fviZxq wgwWqvB cÖ_g Avwe®‹vi K‡i| cieZ©x‡Z GKB ai‡Yi K_v Avgiv G‡`‡ki gš¿x‡`i gy‡L ïb‡Z cvB|
c„ôv : 08

c„ôv : 07

4. miKv‡ii f~wgKv
4.1 ‡deª“qvix 25-26 cwiw¯’wZi we‡k−lY †_‡K eySv hvq NUbvi ïi“ †_‡KB ¶gZvmxb AvIqvgx jxM miKvi inm¨RbK f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Q| G‡Zv eo NUbvi cwiKíbv PjwQj Avi miKvi Zv Rv‡b bv, GK_v †g‡b †bqv hvq bv| ZvQvov RvZxq wbivcËvi mv‡_ mswk−ó AwZ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© GB cwiw¯’wZ‡Z †Kb ïi“‡ZB AbwfÁ cÖwZwbwa‡`i cvVv‡bv n‡q‡Q hviv KwZcq we‡`ªvnx‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ K‡i‡Q? A_P Zviv †mbv m`m¨ I Zv‡`i cwiev‡ii Rvb-gvj-B¾‡Zi wbivcËv wbwðZ K‡iwb| †mbvm`m¨ I Zv‡`i cwievie‡M©i wbivcËv wbwðZ bv K‡iB miKvi wK D‡Ï‡k¨ ZwoNwo K‡i mvaviY ¶gv †NvlYv Ki‡jv? †h †NvlYvi my‡hvM wb‡q Zviv †`o w`b a‡i jvk ¸g, e¨vcK jyUZivR I †mbv Kg©KZ©v‡`i cwievie‡M©i Dci wbh©vZb K‡i‡Q| 26 †deª“qvix weKv‡j wewWAvi m`i `߇ii Av‡kcv‡ki †jvKRb‡K m‡i hvIqvi AvnŸvb Rvwb‡q Ges we`y¨Z ms‡hvM wew”Qbœ K‡i cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK NvZK‡`i cvwj‡q hvIqvi my‡hvM K‡i ‡`qv nqwb? mvnviv LvZzb 25 †deª“qvix A¯¿ Rgv wb‡jb, ZviciI wecyj cwigvY A¯¿ evB‡i †Mj wKfv‡e? †hme we‡`kx bvMwiK AvBwWmn aiv c‡owQj, Zv‡`i‡K †Q‡o †`qv nj †Kb? wegv‡b K‡i Kviv cvjv‡jv? †`kevmx I †mbv Kg©KZ©viv GB iKg AmsL¨ cÖ‡kœi DËi Rvb‡Z Pvq| †`kevmx I †mbv Kg©KZ©v‡`i GB me †gŠwjK cÖ‡kœi DËi GL‡bv cvIqv hvqwb| †m±i KgvÛvi †j. †R. gxi kIKZ GK UK‡kvZ ej‡jb, Ò†mbvevwnbx Avm‡Z c‡bi wgwbU, we‡`ªvn `gb Ki‡Z cvuP wgwbU...Ó| †j. †R. kIKZ A‡bKevi Gi Av‡M †mbv we‡`ªvn, wegvb evwnbxi we‡`ªvn `gb K‡i‡Qb| GKB ai‡Yi K_v Av‡iv A‡b‡KB e‡j‡Qb| Zvn‡j Avav N›Uvi mvgwiK mgvav‡bi cwie‡Z© 36 N›Uvi Z_vKw_Z ivR‰bwZK mgvavb n‡jv †Kb? Gi Av‡M Rbvev mvnviv LvZzb I bvbK mv‡ne KqwU we‡`ªvn `gb K‡i‡Qb? avbgwÛi Ggwc Zvcm mv‡ne wgwWqvq ej‡jb, ÔPgK Av‡QÕ! Kx PgK? evlwÆ †mbv Kg©KZ©vi jvk? bvwK mKj nZ¨vKvixi cjvqb! GLv‡b Av‡iv GKwU cÖkœ †_‡K hvq| cÖavbgš¿x msm‡` `uvwo‡q e‡j‡Qb †h we‡`ªv‡ni msev` Rvbvi ci wZwb †mbvcÖavb‡K cÖkœ K‡i ‡R‡b‡Qb †mbvevwnbx Avm‡Z `yB N›Uv jvM‡e? †KvbUv mZ¨? Avav N›Uv bv `yB N›Uv? ivR‰bwZK mgvav‡bi gva¨‡g cÖavbgš¿x bvwK ÔM„nhy×Õ ‡VwK‡q‡Qb| Avm‡j wK ZvB? cÖavbgš¿xi mv‡_ †h 14 Rb wgwUs K‡iwQj, Zviv mevB wK †MÖdZvi n‡q‡Q? Zv‡`i ZvwjKv †Kv_vq? A‡b‡K e‡j‡Q miKvi `¶Zvi mv‡_ cwiw¯’wZ mvgvj w`‡q‡Q| Gi Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i Gfv‡e - Acv‡ikb mvK‡mm& dzj, wKš‘ ‡ivMx gviv wM‡q‡Q| ev¯—eZv n‡jv we‡`ªvn `gb Kiv †hZ, `gb Kiv nqwb| †mbv Kg©KZ©v‡`i euvPv‡bv †hZ, euvPv‡bv nqwb|
c„ôv : 09

Avgiv exi †mbv Kg©KZ©v nvivjvg, wewWAv‡ii †PBb Ae KgvÛ aŸsm n‡jv, nZ¨vKvixiv cvjv‡jv - GBme Kvi‡YB miKv‡ii f~wgKv cÖkœwe×| 4.2 NUbv cieZ©x miKv‡ii f~wgKv †h gš¿x Z_vKw_Z we‡`ªvnx‡`i mv‡_ `i KlvKwl K‡i‡Q †m RvwZi mvg‡b e‡j‡Qb †h, wewWAvi m`i `߇i N‡U hvIqv NUbvi wcQ‡b GKwU Mfxi lohš¿ wQj Ges GB lohš¿ ev¯— evq‡bi Rb¨ j¶-‡KvwU UvKv e¨q Kiv n‡q‡Q| wZwb mKj Z`š— ïi“ nevi Av‡MB Ges NUbvi `yB w`‡bi gv_vq cÖKvk¨ mgv‡e‡k GB e³e¨ w`‡qwQ‡jb| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB cÖkœ Rv‡M Z‡e wK wZwb Av‡M ‡_‡KB loh‡š¿i welqwU Rvb‡Zb| Zvi GB e³‡e¨i m~Î a‡i GLb miKvi µgvMZ loh‡š¿i K_v e‡j cÖK…Z †`vlx‡`i Avovj Kivi †Póv Ki‡Q| cÖavbgš¿x msm`mn wewfbœ RvqMvq wewWAv‡ii NUbvq e³e¨ w`‡q hv‡”Qb hv AmsjMœZvq cwic~Y© Ges ev¯—e NUbvi mv‡_ AmvgÄm¨c~Y©| Gm‡ei D‡Ïk¨B n‡”Q RbMY‡K weåvš— Kiv| †hgb wZwb e‡j‡Qb miKvi‡K weeªZ Ki‡Z GB NUbv NUv‡bv n‡q‡Q A_P RbM‡Yi Kv‡Q cwi®‹vi †h evsjv‡`‡ki cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’v `~e©j Kivi Rb¨B GB NUbv NUv‡bv n‡q‡Q| cÖavbgš¿x msm‡` e‡j‡Qb †h, mKvj 11Uvi g‡a¨ †mbv Kg©KZ©v‡`i nZ¨vKvÛ NUv‡bv n‡q‡Q| GUv †R‡b cÖavbgš¿x wKfv‡e `yÕ`yevi mvaviY ¶gv †NvlYv K‡ib| cÖavbgš¿xi Dc‡`óv Ges cyÎ mRxe Iqv‡R` Rq, Avj-RvwRiv‡K †`qv GK mv¶vrKv‡i e‡jb †h, wewWAv‡ii Z_vKw_Z we‡`ªv‡ni wcQ‡b ˆea KviY i‡q‡Q| †hfv‡e Z_vKw_Z we‡`ªvnxiv cÖ_g w`b wUwf K¨vgivi mvg‡b G‡m Zv‡`i `vex `vIqvi K_v e‡j †`kevmx‡K weåvš— K‡iwQj, GKB cÖwµqvB mRxe Rq †`kevmx‡K weåvš— Kivi †Póv Ki‡Qb| NUbv Z`‡š—i Rb¨ GdweAvB I ¯‹Uj¨vÛ BqvW© evsjv‡`‡k G‡m‡Q| A_v©r Av‡gwiKv I e„‡Ub evsjv‡`‡ki NUbvi Z`š— Ki‡e| A_P GB gvwK©b-e„wUkiv mviv we‡k¦ gymwjg wba‡b e¨¯—| ïay ZvB bq, Giv mevB miKvi‡K mg_©b Kivi K_v †NvlYv K‡i‡Q| Dciš‘, GUv wek¦vm‡hvM¨ bq †h GB we‡`kx ‡Mv‡q›`v ms¯’v¸‡jv GB NUbvi mv‡_ mswk−ó fviZ I fvi‡Zi G‡`kxq †`vmi‡`i f~wgKvi w`‡K AΩywj wb‡`©k Ki‡Z cv‡i| miKvi wgwWqv‡K `vwqZ¡kxj AvPi‡Yi K_v e‡j GLb mZ¨ cÖKv‡ki c‡_ evav m„wó Ki‡Q| cÖavbgš¿xi mv‡_ †mbv Kg©KZ©v‡`i ˆeV‡Ki GKwU Ask B›Uvi‡b‡Ui gva¨‡g RbM‡Yi Kv‡Q ‡cŠ‡Q hvIqvq miKvi H I‡qe mvBU¸‡jv eÜ K‡i w`‡q‡Q| wnheyZ Zvn&ixi, evsjv‡`k GB
c„ôv : 10

NUbvi we‡k−lY K‡i fviZ‡K `vqx Kivq I miKv‡ii f~wgKvi mgv‡jvPbv Kivq miKvi 31 Rb‡K †MÖdZvi K‡i Ges Zv‡`i wei“‡× gvgjv K‡i‡Q| RbMY GgbwK †mbv Awdmvi‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j wKQzB nqbv Avi ivóª i¶vi Rb¨ ivRc‡_ bvg‡j nq gvgjv Avi nqivwb! miKvi RbM‡Yi `vwqZ¡ ‡bqvi K_v e‡j‡Q, eZ©gvb cwiw¯’wZ‡Z mKj‡K `vwqZ¡kxj n‡Z ej‡Q, A_P Zviv A‡b¨i Dci `vq Pvcv‡bvi †Póv Ki‡Q| Avgiv †`‡LwQ miKv‡ii ¯—ve‡Kiv evsjv‡`‡ki wgwWqvq fviZxq wgwWqvi e³e¨ ûeû Zz‡j ai‡Q, Rw½ev`‡K `vqx Kivi †Póv Ki‡Q, GgbwK miKv‡ii eqm gvÎ cÂvk w`b BZ¨vw` e‡j NUbvi `vq`vwqZ¡ A‡b¨i Nv‡o Pvcv‡bvi AvcÖvY †Póv Ki‡Q| Z`š— KwgwUi †Kvb wi‡cvU© cÖKvk bv n‡ZB miKv‡ii gš¿xeM© I wgwWqv R½x †Mvôx‡`i‡K GB NUbvi Rb¨ `vqx Kiv ïi“ K‡i‡Q| Avevi GKB gš¿x cieZ©x‡Z ej‡Q ‡h R½xiv Qvov Ab¨vb¨ †MvôxI GB NUbvi mv‡_ RwoZ| ‡hLv‡b fvi‡Z wKQz NU‡jB fviZ miKvi cvk¦eZ©x †`‡ki w`‡K A½ywj wb‡`©k K‡i, ‡mLv‡b miKvi cwiKíbv K‡iB †`‡ki ivR‰bwZK A½‡b we‡f` m„wó Ki‡Q| we‡k−l‡Yi Dcmsnv‡i G‡m Avgiv ej‡Z cvwi †h GB Z_vKw_Z we‡`ªvn GKwU `xN©‡gqv`x cwiKíbvi Ask, hvi mv‡_ fviZ Ges miKv‡ii wfZ‡i I evB‡ii fviZxq †`vmi kw³mg~n mswk−ó| †mbvevwnbxi †gavex Kg©KZ©v‡`i nZ¨vh‡Á jvfevb n‡e gykwiK kΓ ivóª I Zv‡`i †`vmiiv| wewfbœ `vwei Avov‡j wewWAvi Gi †PBb Ae KgvÛ †f‡½ †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges †mbvevwnbxi KgvÛ †_‡K wewWAvi‡K wew”Qbœ Kivi bxjbK&kv ev¯Íevq‡bi cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡”Q lohš¿Kvixiv| GB `vwe ev¯—evwqZ n‡j mvgwMÖKfv‡e †`‡ki cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’v ûgwKi g‡a¨ co‡e| ‡`‡ki wbivcËv i¶vq †mbv-wewWAvi Gi †hŠ_ f~wgKv AZ¨šÍ ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv †h evsjv‡`‡ki †mbvevwnbx A_ev evsjv‡`k ivB‡dj&m Gi †h †Kvb `ye©jZv A_ev GB `yB cÖwZi¶v evwnbxi cvi¯úwiK m¤ú‡K©i `ye©jZvi me‡P‡q eo myweav‡fvMx Avgv‡`i kΓ ivóª fviZ| Gch©v‡q G‡m GLb Avgv‡`i fve‡Z n‡e wKfv‡e G‡`k‡K wN‡i PZzg©yLx lohš¿ †gvKv‡ejv K‡i evsjv‡`‡ki Ae¯’vb mymsnZ Kiv hvq| Avgv‡`i `iKvi Bmjvgx wLjvdZ ivóª hvi wbR¯^ kw³kvjx A_©bxwZ, ciivóªbxwZ I mgibxwZ _vK‡e| wLjvdZ ivóª †`‡ki wecyj msL¨K Rb‡Mvôx‡K HK¨e× K‡i gvwK©b hy³ivóª, e„‡Ub, fviZmn mKj kΓ ivóªmg~‡ni †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡e| `„pmsKí, `~i`„wó m¤úbœ I kw³kvjx †bZ…Z¡, Bmjv‡gi wfwˇZ HK¨e×
c„ôv : 11

RbMY I mk¯¿evwnbxB †`‡ki mvwe©K wbivcËv weavb Ki‡Z m¶g Ges AvÂwjK I Avš—R©vwZK ivRbxwZ‡Z Avgv‡`i Rb¨ †bZ…Z¡¯’vbxq iv‡óªi gh©v`v wbwðZ Ki‡e|

5. wLjvdZ miKv‡ii ciivóªbxwZ
5.1 evsjv‡`‡ki kw³i Drm evsjv‡`k †QvU ivóª bq| A_©‰bwZK I mvgwiK w`K †_‡K kw³kvjx ivóª nevi g‡Zv A‡bK Dcv`vb evsjv‡`‡k we`¨gvb| G‡`‡k i‡q‡Q: • • 15 †KvwU gvbyl, hvi AwaKvsk gymjgvb| †bZ…Z¡ `ye©j I wef³ n‡jI wek¦vm, HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZ‡Z GB RvwZ HK¨e×| †fŠ‡MvwjK cwi‡e‡ki (we‡klZ: b`xgvZ…K meyR mgZj f~wg) Kvi‡Y †Kvb ewntkw³ KL‡bv GB f~wg‡K †ekxw`b wb‡Ri Aax‡b ivL‡Z cv‡iwb| ivwkqv AvµgY K‡i †hgb wnUjvi Pig gvïj w`‡qwQj, †Zgwb G‡`‡ki gvwU `L‡j ivL‡Z †h †Kvb we‡`kx kw³i Pig †LmviZ w`‡Z n‡e| evsjv‡`k `w¶Y I `w¶Y-c~e© Gwkqvi ms‡hvM¯’‡j Aew¯’Z nIqvi Kvi‡Y GB †`‡ki f~-ivR‰bwZK ¸i“Z¡ i‡q‡Q| A_©vr fviZ I Px‡bi gv‡S ¯^vaxb gymwjg †`k wn‡m‡e evsjv‡`‡ki ¸i“Z¡ A‡bK| Avgiv †`‡LwQ †h GB †KŠkjMZ †fŠ‡MvwjK Ae¯’v‡bi Kvi‡YB gvwK©b hy³ivóª evsjv‡`‡k †mbv NuvwU cÖwZôv Ki‡Z Pvq| A‡b‡KB fvi‡Zi †c‡Ui wfZ‡i evsjv‡`‡ki Ae¯’vb‡K evsjv‡`‡ki `ye©jZv wn‡m‡e D‡j−L K‡ib| Kv‡iv N‡ii Af¨š—‡i Ae¯’vb †KŠkjMZ w`K ‡_‡K wbtm‡›`‡n evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨Zg kw³i Drm| evsjv‡`‡ki mk¯¿evwnbx k„sLjve×, `¶ I †gavm¤úbœ| Avi mk¯¿evwnbxi mv‡_ G‡`‡ki RbM‡Yi m¤úK© AZ¨š— Mfxi| cÖwZi¶v bxwZ wba©vi‡Yi †¶‡Î GB welqwU ‡`‡ki Rb¨ Ab¨Zg cyuwR|

5.2 wLjvdZ iv‡óªi ciivóª I cÖwZi¶vbxwZ mgMÖ c„w_ex I gvbeRvwZi m„wóKZ©v Avj−vn& iveŸyj Avjvgxb my®úófv‡e Bmjvgx iv‡óªi ciivóªbxwZ I cÖwZi¶vbxwZ m¤ú‡K© KyiAvb-mybœvn& G Av‡jvKcvZ K‡i‡Qb| Avj−vn& iveŸyj Avjvgxb e‡jb :
c„ôv : 12

(1) Ò... Ges wKQz‡ZB Avj−vn& Kv‡di‡`i‡K gymjgvb‡`i Dci weRq `vb Ki‡eb bv|Ó [m~iv wbmv : 141] (2) ÒwZwbB Zvi ivm~j‡K †cÖiY K‡i‡Qb c_ wb‡`©k I mZ¨ ag© mnKv‡i, hv‡Z G‡K mKj Rxebe¨e¯’vi Dci weRqx K‡ib, hw`I gyk‡iKiv Zv AcQ›` K‡i|Ó [m~iv AvQ&-Qd : 9] (3) Ò†n gyÔwgbMY, †Zvgiv Bû`x I Lªxóvb‡`i‡K eÜz wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡iv bv, Zviv G‡K Ac‡ii eÜy ...|Ó [m~iv gv‡q`v : 51] (4) Ò†ZvgivB n‡j m‡e©vËg RvwZ, gvbeRvwZi Kj¨v‡Yi R‡b¨B †Zvgv‡`i D™¢e NUv‡bv n‡q‡Q ...|Ó [m~iv Avwj Bgivb : 110] (5) ÒBû`x I I Lªxóvbiv KLbB Avcbvi cÖwZ mš‘ó n‡e bv, †h ch©šÍ bv Avcwb Zv‡`i a‡g©i AbymiY K‡ib ...|Ó [m~iv evKviv : 120] (6) ÒAvcwb gvbeRvwZi g‡a¨ Bû`x I gyk‡iK‡`i‡K gymjgvb‡`i AwaK kΓ wn‡m‡e cv‡eb...|Ó [m~iv gv‡q`v : 82] `~i`k©x wPšÍv (Vision) I g~jbxwZ: Dc‡iv³ AvqvZmn AmsL¨ AvqvZ I ivm~j (mvt) Gi mybœvn& †_‡K GUv ¯úó †h Bmjvgx iv‡óªi ciivóªbxwZi g~j wfwË n‡e Bmjv‡gi evYx I b¨vqwePvi c„w_ex‡Z Ab¨vb¨ RvwZi mvg‡b Zz‡j aivi bxwZ‡K †K›`ª K‡i| Av`k©wfwËK ivóª nevi Kvi‡Y wLjvdZ miKv‡ii _vK‡e GKwU kw³kvjx †bZ…Z¡ I `~i`k©x wPš—v (Vision)| wLjvdZ miKvi c„w_exi g‡a¨ me©‡kªô Av`k© wnmv‡e Bmjvg‡K cÖwZwôZ Kivi Rb¨ h_vh_ c`‡¶c wb‡e| BwZnv‡m Avgiv †`‡LwQ, Avj−vn&i Rwg‡b Bmjv‡gi weRqx cZvKv Dov‡bvi ivR‰bwZK D”Pvkvi d‡jB Avi‡ei AbMÖmi Rv‡nj mgvR †_‡K D‡V Avmv mvnveviv gw`bvi gZ †QvÆ iv‡óª wLjvdZ cÖwZôvi gvÎ wek eQ‡ii g‡a¨ GKB mv‡_ `yÕwU civkw³‡K (cvim¨ I †ivgvb) nvwi‡q we‡k¦i †bZ…Z¡ Bmjv‡gi nv‡Z Zz‡j wb‡qwQ‡jb| e„wUk‡`i `yÕk eQi Avi ivwkqv I Av‡gwiKvi cÂvk eQ‡ii `ywbqv kvm‡bi BwZnvm _vK‡jI wLjvdZ iv‡óªi i‡q‡Q GK”QÎfv‡e nvRvi eQ‡ii civkw³ _vKvi ‡MŠiegq AZxZ| wLjvdZ ivóª gymwjg wek¦‡K GKxf~Z Ki‡e hv‡Z gvbem¤ú`, cÖvK…wZK m¤ú` I †fŠMwjK Ae¯’v‡bi m‡e©vËg e¨envi wbwðZ n‡e| HK¨e× gymwjg wek¦ ZLb gvwK©b hy³ivóª, BD‡ivcxq BDwbqb Ges D`xqgvb kw³ fviZ, Pxb I ivwkqvi mv‡_ mdjfv‡e cÖwZØw›ØZv
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Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wLjvdZ ivóª cÖwZôvi gva¨‡gB GB †`‡ki gvbyl gvwK©b-fviZ-e„‡U‡bi cÖfve ejq †_‡K ‡ei n‡q Avm‡Z cvi‡e Ges we‡k¦i ey‡K gv_v DuPz K‡i `uvov‡Z m¶g n‡e| Bmjvgx ivóª KL‡bvB A‡b¨i AvwacZ¨ †g‡b †b‡e bv| iv‡óªi mve©‡fŠgZ¡ I wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi j‡¶¨ wLjvdZ miKvi mKj †¶‡Î fviZ-gvwK©b-BBD-BmivB‡ji Zvu‡e`vwi eÜ Ki‡e Ges we‡`kx kw³i n¯—‡¶c K‡Vvifv‡e cÖwZnZ Ki‡e| fviZ-gvwK©b-BBD-BmivBj Z_v †Kvb kΓ iv‡óªi mv‡_ †h mg¯Í A‡hŠw³K ev RvZxq ¯^v_©we‡ivax Pzw³ m¤úvw`Z n‡q‡Q †m¸‡jv Zvr¶wYKfv‡e evwZj Ki‡e| fviZ-gvwK©b-BBD-BmivBj Z_v †Kvb kΓ iv‡óªi mv‡_ †Kvb ai‡bi mvgwiK Pzw³ wKsev UªvbwRU, M¨vm cvBcjvBb BZ¨vw` Pzw³ Ki‡e bv| fvi‡Zi mxgvš— AvMÖvmb k³fv‡e †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡e| ZvjcwÆ, cvwb AvMÖvmbmn mKj Bm~¨‡Z cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡¶c MÖnY Ki‡e| cÖwZi¶v wkí‡Kw›`ªK A_©bxwZ: wLjvd‡Zi A_©bxwZ n‡e cÖwZi¶v wkí‡Kw›`ªK A_©bxwZ| DbœZ cÖwZi¶v KvVv‡gv M‡o †Zvjv I Zvi µgvMZ cÖe„w× I AvaywbKvqbB n‡e A_©bxwZi g~j PvwjKv kw³| Gai‡Yi A_©bxwZ †h ïaygvÎ Kg©ms¯’vb I m¤ú` m„wó Ki‡e Zv bq eis ˆeix civkw³¸‡jvi AvMÖvmx cwiKíbv †_‡KI wLjvdZ‡K i¶v Ki‡e| cÖwZi¶v †Kw›`ªK A_©bxwZi Acwinvh© KiYxq n‡jv mgiv¯¿ ˆZixi KviLvbvi cvkvcvwk mnvqK wkí wn‡m‡e ÷xj, †jvnv, Kqjv, hvbevnb wbg©vY, LwbR D‡Ëvjb I cÖwµqvRvZKiY BZ¨vw` wkí M‡o †Zvjv| wLjvdZ miKvi fvix wk‡íi cÖ‡qvR‡b mnvqK wkí M‡o †Zvjvi Kv‡R A‡bKvs‡kB wkí D‡`¨v³v‡`i‡K Drmvn †hvMv‡e Ges G‡¶‡Î Zv‡`i‡K we‡kl myweav cÖ`vb Kivi mywbw`©ó ivóªxq bxwZ _vK‡e| `iKvi n‡j †jvnv, †KwgK¨vj BZ¨vw` wk‡íi Rb¨ D‡`¨v³v‡`i‡K webvg~‡j¨ miKvix Rwg eivÏ w`‡e; LwbR m¤ú` D‡Ëvjb I Ab¨vb¨ †KwgK¨vj wb®‹vk‡bi Rb¨ †hŠ_ wewb‡qv‡Mi bxwZ MÖnY Ki‡e; †hme wkí iv‡óªi cªwZi¶v I wbivcËvq mivmwi f~wgKv ivL‡Q, Zv‡`i †¶‡Î Ki †iqvZ I FY cÖ`vbmn wewfbœ myweav cÖ`vb Ki‡e| mk¯¿evwnbxi kw³kvjxKiY: †`‡ki wbivcËv SuzwK †gvKvwejvq mk¯¿evwnbx‡K mvwe©Kfv‡e m`v cÖ¯‘Z _vK‡Z n‡e| Avj−vn& myenvbvû Iqv ZvÕAvjv e‡j‡Qb,

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ÒAvi cÖ¯‘Z Ki Zv‡`i mv‡_ hy‡×i Rb¨ hvB wKQz msMÖn Ki‡Z cvi wb‡Ri kw³ mvg‡_©i ga¨ †_‡K Ges cvwjZ †Nvov †_‡K, †hb cÖfve c‡o Avj−vn&Õi kΓ‡`i Dci Ges †Zvgv‡`i kΓ‡`i Dci Avi Zv‡`i‡K Qvov Ab¨vb¨‡`i DciI hv‡`i‡K †Zvgiv Rvb bv; Avj−vn& Zv‡`i‡K †P‡bb...Ó [m~iv Avbdvj : 60] GRb¨Ñ 1. wLjvdZ miKvi mk¯¿evwnbx‡K `~i`k©x wPšÍv Z_v Bmjv‡gi weRqx cZvKv Dov‡bvi D”Pvkvi (vision)  AwaKvix  Ki‡e| mk¯¿evwnbxi Ae`vb‡K fyjfv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡i Zv‡`i MYnv‡i kvwšÍ i¶v wgk‡b AskMÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g A_© DcvR©‡bi AvKv•Lv RvwM‡q †Zvjv ev eW©vi wmwKDwiwU †dvm©‡K w`‡q Avjy-cUj wewµi gZ AvZ¥weaŸsmx bxwZ Avgv‡`i mk¯¿evwnbxi kΓ wba‡bi AvKv•Lv‡K `ye©j K‡i Zzj‡e I Zvi g~j j¶¨ †_‡K wePz¨Z Ki‡e| cÖKvivšÍ‡i GB mKj fyj bxwZi mydj †fvM Ki‡e mvgªvR¨ev`x iv󪸇jv| 2. wLjvdZ miKvi mk¯¿evwnbx‡K kw³kvjx I AvaywbKvqb Ki‡e| miKvi mk¯¿evwnbx‡K cÖ‡qvRbxq ev‡RU, miÄvg I cÖwk¶‡Yi gva¨‡g mKj ewntkΓi AvMÖvm‡bi †gvKv‡ejvi Rb¨ h_vh_ cÖ¯‘Z ivL‡e| mk¯¿evwnbxi ev‡RU wb‡q A‡b‡K cÖkœ †Zv‡jb| mvgwMÖK ev‡R‡Ui A_ev wRwWwci wbw`©ó †Kvb kZvsk A_ev Ab¨ †Kvb †`‡ki mv‡_ †Kvb cÖKvi Zzjbv cÖwZi¶v ev‡R‡Ui wfwË n‡Z cv‡i bv| Avgv‡`i cÖwZi¶v ev‡RU n‡e Avgv‡`i wbivcËvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZvi Dci wfwË K‡i| Avi Avgv‡`i wbivcËvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv m¤ú‡K© Avgv‡`i‡KB wm×všÍ wb‡Z n‡e| 3. †Kvb welq¸‡jv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z n‡e Zv wba©viY Kiv GKwU RvwZi Rb¨ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Bmy¨| mgMÖ †`kevmxi Rb¨ wZbwU welq i¶v Kiv Ri“ix| cÖ_gZ: G‡`‡ki me‡P‡q eo m¤ú` gvby‡li wek¦vm; wØZxqZ: †`‡ki gvby‡li Rxeb; Ges Z…ZxqZ: ivóª I RbM‡Yi m¤ú`| D‡j−wLZ Rxeb I m¤ú‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q gvby‡li †eu‡P _vKvi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq Lv`¨, †fŠ‡MvwjK cwi‡ek (b`x, grm¨ I ebR m¤ú` BZ¨vw`), LwbR m¤ú` (M¨vm, †Zj, Kqjv BZ¨vw`) I †KŠkjMZ m¤ú` (e›`i, †hvMv‡hvM e¨e¯’vi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Dcv`vbmg~n, Z_¨, ¸i“Z¡c~Y© ¯’vcbvmg~n, wkí BZ¨vw`)|

mxgvš—i¶x evwnbx kw³kvjxKiY: ivm~j (mv:) nv`x‡m D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb †h hviv Avj−vn&i Rb¨ mxgvbv cvnviv †`q, Zv‡`i †PvL KL‡bv Rvnvbœv‡gi Av¸‡b R¡j‡e bv| (wZiwghx) nv`x‡m Av‡iv D‡j−L Av‡Q, ivm~j (mvt) e‡j‡Qb, Avj−vn&i c‡_ GKw`b mxgvbv cvnviv †`qv `ywbqv Ges `ywbqvi g‡a¨ hv wKQz Av‡Q Zvi †P‡q DËg | (eyLvix-gymwjg) wLjvdZ miKvi mxgvš—i¶x evwnbx‡K kw³kvjx Ki‡e| GB evwnbx RvZxq cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’vi Aš—M©Z e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡e| GB evwnbx memgq †mbvevwnbxi †K›`ªxq Kgv‡Ûi Aax‡b _vK‡e| GQvovI g~j¨‡eva I mvgwiK cÖwk¶Y, A¯¿-miÄvgvw` BZ¨vw` ‡¶‡Î GB evwnbx‡K †PŠKk wn‡m‡e M‡o †Zvjv n‡e| GLv‡b eZ©gvb †cª¶vc‡U wKQy K_v ejv cÖ‡qvRb| wewWAvi cybM©V‡bi bv‡g mxgvš—i¶x evwnbx‡K †hb †Kvb `‡ji i¶xevwnbx‡Z cwiYZ Kiv bv nq| Avi GB evwnbx‡Z kΓ-wg‡Îi aviYv †`qvi †¶‡Î †Kvb iKg A¯úóZv m„wó Kiv bv nq| A_©vr GB evwnbx‡Z fvi‡Zi cÖwZ kª×vkxj g‡bvfve cÖ‡ek Kiv‡bv bv nq| cÖhyw³: wLjvdZ miKvi cÖwZi¶vi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖhyw³ I miÄv‡gi †¶‡Î we‡`kx wbf©ikxjZv Kwg‡q ¯^qsm¤ú~Y©Zv AR©b Kivi c`‡¶c MÖnY Ki‡e| wbivcËvi ¯^v‡_© I kw³i fvimvg¨ (Balance of Power) eRvq ivLvi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖhyw³ msMÖn I D™¢ve‡bi e¨e¯’v Ki‡e| evsjv‡`‡ki weÁvbxiv we‡k¦i wewfbœ †`‡k cvigvYweK ¯’vcbv cwiKíbv, ev¯Íevqb I cwiPvjbvi mv‡_ cÖZ¨¶fv‡e RwoZ wQ‡jb| Zv‡`i‡K wb‡q †`kxq cvigvYweK ¯’vcbv ˆZix Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| AvšÍR©vwZK m¤ú‡K©i `„wó‡KvY †_‡K we‡k−lKiv GB gZvgZ Av‡MB w`‡qwQ‡jb| cvigvYweK kw³ AR©‡bi c×wZ Ges cieZ©x AvšÍR©vwZK cwiw¯’wZ †gvKvwejvi c_ wb‡qI Zviv BwZc~‡e© e³e¨ †i‡L‡Qb| g~j K_v nj cvigvYweK kw³, mve‡gwib, AZ¨vaywbK hy× wegvb BZ¨vw` †h cÖhyw³i gva¨‡g kw³i fvimvg¨ AR©b Ki‡Z cvi‡e, `xN©‡gqv‡` wLjvdZ miKvi ZvB Ki‡e|

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wmwU‡RbÕm Avwg©: wLjvdZ miKvi eZ©gvb mvgwiK-†emvgwiK wbweo m¤ú©K‡K Av‡iv GwM‡q wb‡q mvaviY RbMY‡K †`‡ki cÖwZi¶vq Av‡iv Mfxifv‡e m¤ú„³ Ki‡e| GB m¤ú„³Zvi aiY n‡e wbgœiƒc: 1. mgMÖ RbMY‡K cÖv_wgKfv‡e RvZxq wbivcËv m¤ú‡K© m‡PZb K‡i †Zvjv Ges †`‡ki kΓ-wgÎ m¤ú‡K© RbMY‡K cwi®‹vi aviYv †`qv| 2. 15 eQ‡ii D‡aŸ© †`‡ki cÖ‡Z¨K Zi“Y‡K eva¨Zvg~jK †gŠwjK mvgwiK cÖwk¶Y †`qv| †`‡k cÖPwjZ ¯‹zj ch©v‡qi me©‡kl cix¶vi c‡i cÖwZ ¯‹z‡j `yB gvme¨vcx GB cÖwk¶Y Gi Av‡qvRb Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| 3. hviv ¯‹z‡ji MwÛ †cwi‡q †M‡Qb, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv GL‡bv Pwj−k eQi AwZµg K‡ibwb, Zv‡`i‡K ch©vqµ‡g GB cÖwk¶‡Yi AvIZvq Avbv| DKev Be&b Av‡gi (iv.) e‡jb, ivm~jyj−vn& (mvt) †K wg¤^v‡ii Dci Avmxb Ae¯’vq Avwg ej‡Z ï‡bwQ, Avj−vn& ZvÕAvjvi evYx ÔGes †Zvgiv Zv‡`i †gvKv‡ejvq kw³ mÂq K‡i iv‡Lv|Õ Ò†R‡b iv‡Lv, kw³ n‡”Q Zxi›`vhx, †R‡b iv‡Lv, kw³ n‡”Q Zxi›`vhx, †R‡b iv‡Lv, kw³ n‡”Q Zxi›`vhx|Ó (gymwjg kixd) GLv‡b wLjvdZ iv‡óªi cÖwZwU m¶g bvMwiK‡K mvgwiK cÖwk¶‡Yi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q| K~U‰bwZK ZrciZv: mvgwiK kw³ GKwU †`‡ki wbR¯^ cQ›` ev wm×všÍ| wKš‘ K~UbxwZi welqwU †miKg bq| wLjvdZ miKvi ewntwe©‡k¦ eÜz mÜv‡bi cÖ‡Póv Ae¨vnZ ivL‡e| Z‡e Pvwiw`‡K kΓ cwi‡ewóZ Ae¯’vq “Friendship to all, malice to none” RvZxq nvm¨Ki ciivóªbxwZ GKvšÍB cwiZ¨vR¨| GKgvÎ cvMj I bvevj‡Ki †Kvb kΓ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| GB bxwZ GKwU †`‡ki `ye©jZvi cwiPq enb K‡i gvÎ| wLjvdZ miKvi Avgv‡`i K~UbxwZwe`‡`i AvšÍR©vwZK †¶‡Î `iKlvKwli Rb¨ (Negotiation)  cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖwk¶Y cÖ`vb Ki‡e| G‡¶‡Î û`vqweqvi mwÜi D`vniY †`qv †h‡Z cv‡i| KzivBk‡`i mv‡_ e¨vcK `iKlvKwli ci ¯^v¶wiZ GB Pzw³i gva¨‡g ivm~j (mvt) my¯úó ivR‰bwZK D‡Ïk¨ AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb- Pzw³wUi d‡j mgMÖ Avie we‡k¦ Ges we‡kl K‡i KzivBk‡`i g‡a¨ Bmjv‡gi c‡¶ RbgZ ‰Zix n‡qwQj| GQvovI GB Pzw³i d‡j wLjvdZ ivóª KZ©„K LvBevi weRq,
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GgbwK g°v weR‡qi c_I myMg n‡qwQ‡jv| KzivBk‡`i mv‡_ kvwš— cÖwZwôZ nIqvi Avie DcØx‡c Bmjv‡gi `vIqvZ Qwo‡q c‡owQ‡jv| ïay ZvB bq, ivm~j (mvt) GB mg‡q Avi‡ei evB‡iI Bmjv‡gi `vIqvZ ‡cŠQv‡bvi e¨e¯’v Kivi my‡hvM †c‡qwQ‡jb|

6. Avgv‡`i KiYxq
RvwZi GB fqven msKUgq gyû‡Z© †`kevmxi cÖwZ wnheyZ Zvn&ixi, evsjv‡`k AvnŸvb Rvbv‡”Q1. †`kevmx‡K me©ve¯’vq HK¨e× _vK‡Z n‡e; Avi BmjvgB G‡`‡k gvby‡li HK¨e× _vKvi GKgvÎ wfwË| 2. †mbvevwnbx-wewWAvi‡K wef³ I `ye©j K‡i aŸsm Kivi lohš¿ iy‡L `uvov‡Z n‡e| 3. †mbvevwnbx, wewWAvimn mvwe©Kfv‡e †`‡ki cÖwZi¶v e¨e¯’v‡K AviI kw³kvjx Ki‡Z n‡e| 4. wLjvdZ cÖwZôvq †`kevmx‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Z n‡e| GKgvÎ wLjvdZ miKviB RvZxq cÖwZi¶vi mv‡_ mswkó mKj cÖwZôvb Ges †`kevmx‡K HK¨e× K‡i fviZ-gvwK©be„‡Ubmn mKj kΓ ivóªmg~‡ni †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡Z m¶g| 5. mgv‡Ri m‡PZb Ask‡K mvnmx f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z n‡e| †`‡ki gvby‡li mvg‡b iv‡óªi kΓ-wg‡Îi aviYv cwi®‹vifv‡e Zz‡j ai‡Z n‡e| 6. wbw®ŒqZv I inm¨RbK f~wgKvi Rb¨ miKvi‡K Revew`wnZvi gy‡LvgywL Ki‡Z n‡e| 7. GB Z_vKw_Z we‡`ªv‡ni mv‡_ RwoZ lohš¿Kvix I nZ¨vKvix‡`i wePv‡ii m¤§yLxb Kivi e¨vcv‡i †mv”Pvi n‡Z n‡e| 8. †`kx-we‡`kx Z`‡š—i bv‡g miKvi †hb GB NUbv‡K wfbœ Lv‡Z cÖevwnZ Ki‡Z bv cv‡i †mw`‡K mKj‡K mZK© `„wó ivL‡Z n‡e| 9. wnheyZ Zvn&ixi, evsjv‡`k-Gi †MÖdZviK…Z †bZv-Kg©x‡`i gyw³ w`‡Z n‡e| wØZxq Wªvd&U 25 iweDj AvDqvj 1430 23 gvP©, 2009 XvKv

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