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IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

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Published by Catherine Zhu
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.

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Published by: Catherine Zhu on Mar 29, 2009
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05/30/2014

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4.1.1. Describe examples of oscillations.

Swings of a pendulum
A mass attached to a spring attached to a wall that vacillates back and forth.

4.1.2. Define the terms of displacement, amplitude, frequency, period and phase difference.

Displacement is the directed distance of an object from its equilibrium position.
Amplitude is the magnitude of the maximum displacement, or the maximum distance of an object
from its equilibrium position.
Period is the time for one complete cycle of motion.

9

IB Physics 2009: Syllabus Summary

Catherine Zhu

Frequency is the number of cycles per unit time (usually per second).
Phase difference is the difference between the phase of a sinusoidally varying quantity and the
phase of a second quantity, which varies sinusoidally at the same frequency (also known as phase
angle).

4.1.3. Define simple harmonic motion and state the defining equation as

.

Simple Harmonic Motion is periodic motion in which the restoring force is proportional to and in
opposite direction of the displacement.
General equation for the position of a particle undergoing simple harmonic motion:
.
A – amplitude. – frequency. – phase of oscillation (initial displacement from equilibrium).
As angular velocity

, we can substitute

.

4.1.4. Solve problems using the defining equation for SHM.

4.1.5. Apply the equations

,

,

,

, and

as solutions to the defining equation for SHM.

and

respectively represent SHM with an initial position at and 0.

The velocity equations are just their derivatives.

4.1.6. Solve problems, both graphically and by calculation, for acceleration, velocity and displacement
during SHM.

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