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IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

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Published by Catherine Zhu
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.

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Published by: Catherine Zhu on Mar 29, 2009
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3.1.1. State that temperature determines the direction of thermal energy transfer between two objects.

Temperature is a scalar quantity that gives indication of the degree of hotness or coldness of a

body.

Temperature determines the direction of thermal energy transfer between two bodies in contact
from the body at higher temperature to the body at lower temperature.
Thermal equilibrium occurs when all parts of the system are at the same temperature. There is no
exchange of heat.

3.1.2.
3.1.3. State that the internal energy of a substance is the total potential energy and random kinetic
energy of the molecules of the substance.

Thermal energy of a system is referred to as internal energy—the sum total of the potential energy
and kinetic energy of the particles making up the system.
Potential energy of the molecules arises from the forces between them.
Kinetic energy of the molecules arises from the translational, rotational, ad vibrational motion of
the particles.

3.1.4. Explain and distinguish between the macroscopic concepts of temperature, internal energy, and
heat.

Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules of a substance.
Internal Energy is the thermal energy of a system—the sum total of the potential energy and
kinetic energy of the particles making up the system.
Heat is the thermal energy that flows from one (high temperature) body to another (of lower
temperature).

3.1.5. Define the mole and molar mass

Relative atomic mass is the mass of an atom in units of 1/12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
The mole is the amount of substance that contains as many elementary particles as there are in
0.012 kg of carbon-12.
Molar Mass is the mass of one mole of a substance (unit is g/mol).
The amount of substance is related to the mass and the molar mass according to the following

equation:

where n stands for the number of moles of the substance, m stands for the mass
of the substance in grams, and M stands for the molar mass of the substance in g/mol.

3.1.6. Define the Avogadro’s Constant
7

IB Physics 2009: Syllabus Summary

Catherine Zhu

Assumption: equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contained the same
number of particles.
Avogadro’s Constant: one mole of a gas occupies 22.4

at 0

and 101.3kPa pressure and

contains

particles.

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