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LM324 - Texas

LM324 - Texas

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LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A LM324, LM324A, LM324Y, LM2902, LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS

SLOS066E– SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY1997

D D D D

D D D

Wide Range of Supply Voltages: Single Supply . . . 3 V to 30 V (LM2902 and LM2902Q 3 V to 26 V), or Dual Supplies Low Supply Current Drain Independent of Supply Voltage . . . 0.8 mA Typ Common-Mode Input Voltage Range Includes Ground Allowing Direct Sensing Near Ground Low Input Bias and Offset Parameters: Input Offset Voltage . . . 3 mV Typ A Versions . . . 2 mV Typ Input Offset Current . . . 2 nA Typ Input Bias Current . . . 20 nA Typ A Versions . . . 15 nA Typ Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to Maximum-Rated Supply Voltage . . . 32 V (26 V for LM2902 and LM2902Q) Open-Loop Differential Voltage Amplification . . . 100 V/mV Typ Internal Frequency Compensation

LM124, LM124A . . . J OR W PACKAGE ALL OTHERS . . . D, DB, N OR PW PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

1OUT 1IN – 1IN+ VCC 2IN+ 2IN – 2OUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

14 13 12 11 10 9 8

4OUT 4IN – 4IN+ GND 3IN+ 3IN – 3OUT

LM124, LM124A . . . FK PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

1IN+ NC VCC NC 2IN+

4 5 6 7 8

3 2 1 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 9 10 11 12 13

1IN – 1OUT NC 4OUT 4IN – 4IN+ NC GND NC 3IN+
NC – No internal connection

description
These devices consist of four independent high-gain frequency-compensated operational amplifiers that are designed specifically to operate from a single supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from split supplies is also possible when the difference between the two supplies is 3 V to 30 V (for the LM2902 and LM2902Q, 3 V to 26 V) and VCC is at least 1.5 V more positive than the input common-mode voltage. The low supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the supply voltage.

symbol (each amplifier)
– IN –

2IN – 2OUT NC 3OUT 3IN –

OUT IN + +
Copyright © 1997, Texas Instruments Incorporated

Applications include transducer amplifiers, dc amplification blocks, and all the conventional operational amplifier circuits that now can be more easily implemented in single-supply-voltage systems. For example, the LM124 can be operated directly from the standard 5-V supply that is used in digital systems and easily provides the required interface electronics without requiring additional ± 15-V supplies. The LM2902Q is manufactured to demanding automotive requirements. The LM124 and LM124A are characterized for operation over the full military temperature range of – 55°C to 125°C. The LM224 and LM224A are characterized for operation from – 25°C to 85°C. The LM324 and LM324A are characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C. The LM2902 and LM2902Q are characterized for operation from – 40°C to 125°C.

PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303

• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265

3–1

LM224A LM324. schematic (each amplifier) VCC ≈ 6-µA Current Regulator ≈ 6-µA Current Regulator ≈ 100-µA Current Regulator IN – OUT IN + ≈ 50-µA Current Regulator GND To Other Amplifiers COMPONENT COUNT (total device) Epi-FET Transistors Diodes Resistors Capacitors 1 95 4 11 4 3–2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS066E– SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY1997 AVAILABLE OPTIONS PACKAGED DEVICES TA VIOmax AT 25°C SMALL OUTLINE (D)† LM324D LM324AD LM224D LM224AD LM2902D LM2902QD — — VERY SMALL OUTLINE (DB)‡ LM324DBLE — — — LM2902DBLE — — CHIP CARRIER (FK) — — — — — — LM124FK LM124AFK CERAMIC DIP (J) — — — — — — LM124J LM124AJ PLASTIC DIP (N) LM324N LM324AN LM224N LM224AN LM2902N LM2902QN — — TSSOP (PW)‡ LM324PWLE LM324APWLE — — LM2902PWLE — — FLAT PACK (W) — — — — — — LM124W CHIP FORM (Y) 0°C to 70°C –25°C to 85°C – 40°C to 125°C – 55°C to 125°C 7 mV 3 mV 5 mV 3 mV 7 mV 5 mV 2 mV LM324Y — — — † The D package is available taped and reeled. TEXAS 75265 . ‡ The DB and PW packages are only available left-end taped and reeled. LM224. LM324Y. Add the suffix R to the device type (e.g. LM2902.LM124. LM124A. LM324DR). LM324A.

LM224A LM324. displays characteristics similar to the LM324. LM324Y. 65 PIN (11) IS INTERNALLY CONNECTED TO BACKSIDE OF CHIP. LM124A. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS066E– SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY1997 LM324Y chip information This chip. LM224. Chips may be mounted with conductive epoxy or a gold-silicon preform. POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.LM124. when properly assembled. LM324A. TEXAS 75265 3–3 . Thermal compression or ultrasonic bonding may be used on the doped-aluminum bonding pads. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILS. LM2902. BONDING PAD ASSIGNMENTS (1) (2) (14) (13) 1IN+ 1IN– VCC+ (4) (1) (5) 1OUT (3) (2) (3) (12) (7) 2OUT (10) 3IN+ (9) 3IN– (14) 4OUT (11) GND 2IN+ (6) 2IN– (8) 3OUT (12) 4IN+ (13) 4IN– 62 (4) (5) (11) (10) CHIP THICKNESS: 15 TYPICAL BONDING PADS: 4 × 4 MINIMUM (6) (7) (8) (9) TJmax = 150°C TOLERANCES ARE ± 10%.

DB.0 mW/°C 11. LM2902. and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not implied.LM124.6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds D. 3. or PW package 260 260 °C † Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.3 to 26 unlimited UNIT V V V See Dissipation Rating Table – 55 to 125 – 25 to 85 0 to 70 – 40 to 125 – 65 to 150 °C °C °C °C Lead temperature 1. LM124A LM224. Differential voltages are at IN + with respect to IN –. NOTES: 1. LM124A free air temperature range. LM324A Supply voltage. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS066E– SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY1997 absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)† LM124. VCC ≤ 15 V (see Note 3) Continuous total dissipation LM124. VCC (see Note 1) Differential input voltage. LM224A LM324. LM324A. DISSIPATION RATING TABLE PACKAGE D DB FK J (LM124_ ) J (all others) N PW W TA ≤ 25°C POWER RATING 900 mW 775 mW 900 mW 900 mW 900 mW 900 mW 700 mW 900 mW DERATING FACTOR 7. LM124A. LM224. All voltage values (except differential voltages and VCC specified for the measurement of IOS) are with respect to the network GND.2 mW/°C 11. These are stress ratings only. VID (see Note 2) Input voltage. LM224A LM324.2 mW/°C 9. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. range TA Operating free-air LM224. VI (either input) Duration of output short circuit (one amplifier) to ground at (or below) TA = 25°C. Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. N.0 mW/°C 8.6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 60 seconds FK package J or W package – 65 to 150 260 300 300 32 ± 32 – 0. LM324A LM2902.6 mW/°C 6. TEXAS 75265 .0 mW/°C DERATE ABOVE TA 32°C 25°C 68°C 68°C 40°C 52°C 25°C 37°C TA = 70°C POWER RATING 611 mW 496 mW 878 mW 878 mW 654 mW 734 mW 448 mW 636 mW TA = 85°C POWER RATING 497 mW 403 mW 713 mW 713 mW 531 mW 596 mW 364 mW 516 mW TA = 125°C POWER RATING N/A N/A 273 mW 273 mW N/A N/A N/A 196 mW 3–4 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.3 to 32 unlimited LM2902. LM2902Q Storage temperature range Case temperature for 60 seconds Lead temperature 1.6 mW/°C 8. LM2902Q 26 ± 26 – 0. 2.2 mW/°C 5. LM224A LM324. LM324Y.

IOS Short-circuit output current VCC at 5 V. VID = – 1 V.5 0 to VCC – 2 VCC – 1. VIC = VICRmin.4 ± 60 1. RL = ≥ 2 kΩ VIC = VICRmin RL = 2 kΩ RL ≥ 10 kΩ 25°C 25°C Full range Full range Full range 25°C Full range 25°C 25°C 25°C 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C 25°C Full range Full range VCC – 1 . . .electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature. – 25°C to 85°C for LM224.7 1. VCC = MAX. LM124A. § All typical values are at TA = 25°C. TEXAS 75265 MIN LM124.5 26 27 28 5 50 25 70 65 80 100 120 – 20 – 10 10 5 12 30 ± 40 0. 0°C to 70°C for LM324. LM324A. LM2902.5 V. LM224.2 3 20 – 30 – 60 – 20 – 10 10 5 12 30 ± 40 0.5 0 to VCC – 2 VCC – 1. GND at – 5 V VO = 2. VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted) PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS† VCC = 5 V to MAX.5 VCC. .4 ± 60 1. VID = 1 V. LM2902Q TYP § MAX 3 7 10 2 50 300 – 20 – 250 – 500 UNIT VIO IIO IIB Input offset voltage mV Input offset current nA Input bias current nA 0 to VCC – 1. .7 1. VO = 1 V to 11 V.5 V 0 to VCC – 2 RL = 2 kΩ VOH High-level output voltage RL = 10 kΩ VCC = MAX. ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) VCC = MAX.2 3 20 100 20 25 15 65 65 80 100 120 – 30 – 60 – 20 – 10 10 5 30 ± 40 0. . and – 40°C to 125°C for LM2902 and LM2902Q. LM224 TYP § MAX 3 5 7 2 30 100 – 20 – 150 – 300 LM324 MIN TYP § 3 MAX 7 9 2 50 150 – 20 – 250 – 500 0 to VCC – 1. VO = 15 V VID = – 1 V. VO = 0 IO Output current VCC = 15 V. 30 V for the others.4 ± 60 1. LM324Y.4 V 14V VO = 1. VO = 0.7 1.5 MIN LM2902. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 26 V for LM2902 and LM2902Q. VOL AVD CMRR kSVR VO1/ VO2 Low-level output voltage Large-signal g g differential voltage amplification Common-mode rejection ratio Supply-voltage y g rejection j ratio (∆VCC /∆VIO) Crosstalk attenuation f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz VCC = 15 V.2 3 20 26 27 28 5 100 15 50 50 80 100 120 – 30 – 60 20 22 23 24 5 100 20 V mV LM124.4 14V TA‡ 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C VICR C Common-mode input voltage range VCC = 5 V to MAX Full range POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. LM224A LM324. 3–5 .4 VO = 1. ‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124. VO = 1. VO = 200 mV VO = 0 No load No load RL ≤ 10 kΩ VCC = 15 V. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER V/mV dB dB dB SLOS066E – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY 1997 mA µA mA mA † All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified.5 0 to VCC – 1 .

LM324A.5 V. VO = 0 VO = 2.4 VO = 1 1. LM324Y. ‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124A.5 26 27 28 5 20 mV V/mV dB dB dB V – 15 15 2 MIN LM324A TYP § 2 MAX 3 5 30 75 – 100 – 200 nA nA mV UNIT 3–6 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. VO = 1. LM124A. .2 3 20 0 to VCC – 1. VCC = 30 V.4 V 4V VO = 1 1. IOS Short-circuit output current VCC at 5 V. . TEXAS 75265 Template Release Date: 7–11–94 VIO O IIO O IIB Input offset voltage Input offset current Input bias current VICR Common-mode input voltage range V † All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified.2 3 25 70 65 120 – 20 – 10 10 5 12 30 ± 40 0. . VID = – 1 V. RL ≤ 10 kΩ VCC = 15 V.5 0 to VCC – 2 VCC – 1. RL= ≥ 2 kΩ VIC = VICRmin RL = 2 kΩ RL ≥ 10 kΩ 25°C Full range Full range Full range Full range 25°C 25°C 25°C 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C 25°C Full range Full range – 20 – 10 10 5 12 ± 40 0. Low-level output voltage Large-signal differential voltage amplification Common-mode rejection ratio Supply-voltage rejection ratio (∆VCC /∆VIO) Crosstalk attenuation f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz VCC = 15 V.7 1. . ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) VCC = 30 V.4 ± 60 1. VO = 0 IO Output current VCC = 15 V. No load VID = 1 V. . – 25°C to 85°C for LM224A. VO = 200 mV GND at – 5 V.5 26 27 28 5 20 15 65 65 80 100 120 – 30 – 60 – 15 MIN LM224A TYP § 2 MAX 3 4 2 30 – 80 – 100 0 to VCC – 1. VO = 1 V to 11 V. No load VO = 15 V.SLOS066E – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY 1997 LM124.4 ± 60 1.5 26 27 20 25 70 65 80 100 120 – 30 – 60 – 20 – 10 10 5 12 30 ± 40 0. VIC = VICRmin. LM2902.7 1.4 ± 60 1. LM224A LM324.2 3 mA µA mA 20 mA LM124A MIN TYP § MAX 2 4 10 30 – 50 – 100 0 to VCC – 1. § All typical values are at TA = 25°C. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature. . LM224.7 1.5 0 to VCC – 2 VCC – 1. VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted) PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS† VCC = 5 V to 30 V. and 0°C to 70°C for LM324A. VO = 15 V VID = – 1 V.5 0 to VCC – 2 VCC – 1.4 4V TA‡ 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C Full range 25°C VCC = 30 V Full range RL = 2 kΩ VOH VOL AVD CMRR kSVR VO1/ VO2 High-level output voltage VCC = 30 V.

5 VCC – 1. POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. VID = 1 V. VCC = MAX.LM124. VCC = 15 V. TEXAS 75265 7 . LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS066E – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY 1997 electrical characteristics. LM124A. LM224A LM324.5 VCC. RL ≥ 2 kΩ 15 65 65 – 20 10 12 0 to VCC – 1. VCC at 5 V. LM224.7 ± 60 1. VO = 1. No load 1. LM2902. LM324A. VIC = VICRmin. TA = 25°C (unless otherwise noted) PARAMETER VIO IIO IIB VICR VOH VOL AVD CMRR kSVR Input offset voltage Input offset current Input bias current Common-mode input voltage range High-level output voltage Low-level output voltage Large-signal differential voltage amplification Common-mode rejection ratio Supply-voltage rejection ratio (∆VCC± /∆VIO) Output current Short-circuit output current Supply current (four amplifiers) VCC = 15 V. VCC = 5 V.5 5 100 80 100 – 30 20 30 ± 40 0. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 30 V. VID = 1 V. VO = 2. LM324Y. VID = – 1 V. VO = 200 mV GND at – 5 V. VIC = VICRmin VO = 1 V to 11 V. No load VO = 0 VO = 15 V VO = 0 VCC = 5 V to MAX RL = 10 kΩ RL ≤ 10 kΩ VCC = 15 V.4 V TEST CONDITIONS† LM324Y MIN TYP 3 2 – 20 MAX 7 50 – 250 UNIT mV nA nA V V mV V/mV dB dB IO IOS ICC mA VO = 0.2 mA – 60 mA 20 VCC = 5 V to MAX.1 3 † All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified.5 VCC.

LM324Y. LM124A. LM2902. LM224A LM324. LM224. LM324A. LM2902Q QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS066E – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED FEBRUARY 1997 8 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. TEXAS 75265 .LM124.

TI SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED. All products are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgement. either express or implied. In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications. that information being relied on is current and complete. copyright. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed. is granted under any patent right. and advise customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information to verify. CERTAIN APPLICATIONS USING SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS MAY INVOLVE POTENTIAL RISKS OF DEATH. OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE (“CRITICAL APPLICATIONS”). before placing orders. including those pertaining to warranty. TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. TI does not warrant or represent that any license. warranty or endorsement thereof. TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with TI’s standard warranty. INCLUSION OF TI PRODUCTS IN SUCH APPLICATIONS IS UNDERSTOOD TO BE FULLY AT THE CUSTOMER’S RISK. PERSONAL INJURY.IMPORTANT NOTICE Texas Instruments and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make changes to their products or to discontinue any product or service without notice. or process in which such semiconductor products or services might be or are used. machine. or other intellectual property right of TI covering or relating to any combination. OR WARRANTED TO BE SUITABLE FOR USE IN LIFE-SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS OR OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. except those mandated by government requirements. patent infringement. AUTHORIZED. adequate design and operating safeguards must be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards. TI’s publication of information regarding any third party’s products or services does not constitute TI’s approval. and limitation of liability. mask work right. Copyright © 1999. Texas Instruments Incorporated .

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