LM2900, LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS

SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990

D D D D D D D

Wide Range of Supply Voltages, Single or Dual Supplies Wide Bandwidth Large Output Voltage Swing Output Short-Circuit Protection Internal Frequency Compensation Low Input Bias Current Designed to Be Interchangeable With National Semiconductor LM2900 and LM3900, Respectively

N PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

1IN + 2IN + 2IN – 2OUT 1OUT 1IN – GND

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

14 13 12 11 10 9 8

VCC 3IN + 4IN + 4IN – 4OUT 3OUT 3IN –

description
These devices consist of four independent, highgain frequency-compensated Norton operational amplifiers that were designed specifically to operate from a single supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from split supplies is also possible. The low supply current drain is essentially independent of the magnitude of the supply voltage. These devices provide wide bandwidth and large output voltage swing. The LM2900 is characterized for operation from – 40°C to 85°C, and the LM3900 is characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C.

symbol (each amplifier)

IN +

+ OUT

IN –

schematic (each amplifier)
VCC Constant Current Generator

200 µA

OUT IN – IN + 1.3 mA

PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.

Copyright © 1990, Texas Instruments Incorporated

POST OFFICE BOX 655303

• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265

1

VCC (see Note 1) Input current Duration of output short circuit (one amplifier) to ground at (or below) 25°C free-air temperature (see Note 2) Continuous total dissipation Operating free-air temperature range Storage temperature range Lead temperature 1.2 – 2. These values apply for any one of the input terminals.2 MAX 32 16 – 16 –1 UNIT V V V mA Operating free-air temperature.5 2.5 2. TEXAS 75265 .2 MAX 32 16 – 16 –1 LM3900 MIN 4.3 V. maximum currents are reduced. 2.2 – 2.LM2900.6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds NOTES: 1. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) LM2900 Supply voltage. VCC + (dual supply) Supply voltage. Common-mode current biasing can be used to prevent negative input voltages. VCC (single supply) Supply voltage. Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. Negative input currents in excess of – 4 mA causes the output voltage to drop to a low voltage. are with respect to the network ground terminal. All voltage values. TA – 40 85 0 70 °C NOTE 3: Clamp transistors are included that prevent the input voltages from swinging below ground more than approximately – 0. VCC – (dual supply) Input current (see Note 3) 4. DISSIPATION RATING TABLE PACKAGE N TA ≤ 25°C POWER RATING 1150 mW DERATING FACTOR ABOVE TA = 25°C 9. 2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. The negative input currents that may result from large signal overdrive with capacitive input coupling must be limited externally to values of approximately – 1 mA. except differential voltages.2 mW/°C TA = 70°C POWER RATING 736 mW TA = 85°C POWER RATING 598 mW 36 20 unlimited LM3900 36 20 unlimited UNIT V mA See Dissipation Rating Table – 40 to 85 – 65 to 150 260 0 to 70 – 65 to 150 260 °C °C °C recommended operating conditions LM2900 MIN Supply voltage. If more than one of the input terminals are simultaneously driven negative.

3 0.2 10 mA † All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode voltage unless otherwise specified. operating characteristics. II – = 0.2 –6 0. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 electrical characteristics. RL = 2 k Ω II + = 0. TEXAS 75265 3 . RL = 10 kΩ.5 70 MAX 200 MIN LM3900 TYP 30 300 11 1.09 – 10 1. TEST CONDITIONS pF CL = 100 pF. –6 0. TA = Full range. ‡ The output current-sink capability can be increased for large-signal conditions by overdriving the inverting input.5 0.1 5% 500 µA V/mV MΩ kΩ MHz dB MAX 200 UNIT nA µA/µA II+ = 20 µA to 200 µA TA = Full range. VO = 0 RL = 2 k Ω VCC = 30 V.8 1 8 2. VCC± = ± 15 V.LM2900.5 70 13. VOH VOL IOS Low-level output voltage Short-circuit output current (output internally high) Pulldown current Low-level output current‡ V mA mA IOL II – = 5 µA VOL = 1 V 5 5 mA ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) No load 6.2 09 0.5 13.5 0. I+ = 0 II – = 0 II + = 0.2 V LM2900 MIN TYP 30 300 11 1. See Note 4 VO = 10 V.9 2% 10 2.1 5% 500 1.8 1 8 2. No load II – = 10 µA.2 2.5 TEST CONDITIONS† II + = 0 TA = 25°C TA = Full range 09 0. RL = 2 kΩ MIN TYP 0.3 0.5 20 MAX UNIT V/µs POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.5 29.2 10 6. VCC = 15 V. f = 100 Hz g . NOTE 4: These parameters are measured with the output balanced midway between VCC and GND.9 2% 10 1.5 29. TA = 25°C (unless otherwise noted) PARAMETER IIB Input bias current (inverting input) Mirror gain Change in mirror gain Mirror current AVD ri ro B1 kSVR Large-signal differential voltage amplification Input resistance (inverting input) Output resistance Unity-gain bandwidth (inverting input) Supply voltage rejection ratio (∆VCC /∆VIO) High-level output voltage II 0. Full range for TA is – 40°C to 85°C for LM2900 and 0°C to 70°C for LM3900. TA = 25°C PARAMETER SR Slew rate at unity gain Low-to-high output High-to-low output V VO = 10 V.09 – 18 1. range See Note 4 VI + = VI –.

05 1 0.1 1. 4 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.15 1.85 0.LM2900.5 V II + = 0 1. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS† INPUT BIAS CURRENT (INVERTING INPUT) vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE 80 70 IIB – Input Bias Current – nA 60 II – /I + – Mirror Gain 50 40 30 20 10 0 – 75 VCC = 15 V VO = 7.8 – 75 VCC = 15 V II + = 10 µA MIRROR GAIN vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE – 50 – 25 0 25 50 75 TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C 100 – 50 – 25 0 25 50 75 100 TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C 125 Figure 1 LARGE SIGNAL DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION vs FREQUENCY 104 RL ≥ 10 kΩ AVD – Differential Voltage Amplification VCC = 15 V TA = 25°C 104 Figure 2 LARGE SIGNAL DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE AVD – Differential Voltage Amplification 103 RL = 2 k Ω 103 102 102 10 10 RL = 10 kΩ TA = 25°C 1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1 100 1k 10 k 100 k 1M 10 M f – Frequency – Hz VCC – Supply Voltage – V Figure 3 Figure 4 † Data at high and low temperatures are applicable only within the rated operating free-air temperature ranges of the various devices. TEXAS 75265 .9 0.95 0.2 1.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. TEXAS 75265 5 .LM2900. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS† LARGE SIGNAL DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE 104 KSVR – Supply Voltage Rejection Ratio – dB AVD – Differential Voltage Amplification 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100 400 1 k 4k 10 k 40 k 100 k 400 k 1 M VCC = 15 V TA = 25°C SUPPLY VOLTAGE REJECTION RATIO vs FREQUENCY 103 102 10 VCC = 15 V VO = 10 V RL = 10 kΩ 1 – 75 – 50 – 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C f – Frequency – Hz Figure 5 Figure 6 SHORT-CIRCUIT OUTPUT CURRENT (OUTPUT INTERNALLY HIGH) vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 30 IOS – Short-Circuit Output Current – mA VCC = 15 V RL = 2 k Ω II + = 0 TA = 25°C VO = 0 II + = 0 II – = 0 TA = 0°C 20 TA = 25°C 15 PEAK-TO-PEAK OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs FREQUENCY 16 VO(PP) – Peak-To-Peak Output Voltage – V 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1k 25 ÁÁ ÁÁ ÁÁ 10 5 10 k 100 k f – Frequency – Hz 1M 10 M 0 0 5 10 15 20 VCC – Supply Voltage – V 25 30 Figure 7 Figure 8 † Data at high and low temperatures are applicable only within the rated operating free-air temperature ranges of the various devices.

6 0. 6 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.4 0.6 0.2 0 – 75 – 50 – 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 TA = 25°C No Signal No Load 0 5 10 8 Figure 10 TOTAL SUPPLY CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 15 20 25 30 TA – Free-Air Temperature –°C VCC – Supply Voltage – V Figure 11 Figure 12 † Data at high and low temperatures are applicable only within the rated operating free-air temperature ranges of the various devices.6 1.4 1.4 1.8 0.8 I CC – Total Supply Current – mA 1.6 Pulldown Current – mA 1. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS† LOW-LEVEL OUTPUT CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 60 IOL– Low-Level Output Current – mA VOL = 1 V II + = 0 TA = 25°C Pulldown Current – mA II – = 100 µA 2 1.8 0.2 1 0.LM2900.4 0.2 1 0. TEXAS 75265 .2 25 30 0 0 5 10 15 20 VCC – Supply Voltage – V 25 30 TA = 85°C TA = 25°C TA = – 40°C PULLDOWN CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 50 40 30 20 II – = 10 µA 10 II – = 5 µA 0 0 5 10 15 20 VCC – Supply Voltage – V Figure 9 PULLDOWN CURRENT vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE 2 VCC = 15 V 1.8 1.

Care must also be exercised when driving either input from a low-impedance source.3 V but the magnitude of current flow has to be limited by the external input network. Internal transistors clamp negative input voltages at approximately – 0. especially at high operating temperatures. Common-mode current biasing is generally useful to allow operating with signal levels near (or even below) ground. this limit should be approximately – 100 µA. Performance as a dc amplifier in a single-power-supply mode is not as precise as a standard integrated-circuit operational amplifier operating from dual supplies. Operation of the amplifier can best be understood by noting that input currents are differenced at the inverting input terminal and this current then flows through the external feedback resistor to produce the output voltage.LM2900. Circuit layout is more critical since coupling from the output to the noninverting input can cause oscillations. Current up to 20 mA will not damage the device. Voltage-Controlled Current Sink POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. but the current mirror on the noninverting input will saturate and cause a loss of mirror gain at higher current levels. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 APPLICATION INFORMATION Norton (or current-differencing) amplifiers can be used in most standard general-purpose operational amplifier applications. A limiting resistor should be placed in series with the input lead to limit the peak input current. Voltage-Controlled Current Source V+ 1 MΩ 1 MΩ – Output 100 kΩ Input + 100 kΩ 1 kΩ IO ≈ 1 mA per input volt Figure 14. For operation at high temperature. Noise immunity of a Norton amplifier is less than that of standard bipolar amplifiers. V+ 1 MΩ 1 MΩ 1 MΩ Input 100 kΩ 91 kΩ IO ≈ 1 mA per input volt + – 30 kΩ Output 10 kΩ 1 kΩ Figure 13. TEXAS 75265 7 .

LM2900. LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 – JULY 1979 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 8 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. TEXAS 75265 .

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