How to Prepare for any Disaster


Your easy step-by-step preparedness guide

You’ve taken the first step to getting ready for any disaster.
Step 1 Know How to Prepare (Learning and Understanding the Preparedness Process) This book will help you understand the importance of making preparations before anything happens, and help you know what to do and how to act before, during and after a disaster. Step 2 Have the Necessities Ready You may have many of these items already. After reading this book, you should have a pretty good idea about what you will need. If you feel that you are missing something, check out our website at www.areyouprepared.com for a complete list of the necessities.

Read, discuss and become familiar with the information contained in this book so that, in the event of an emergency, you can act in a responsible manner to avoid a tragedy.
This booklet is intended to assist others in dealing with emergencies. The final decision of any action taken during a real emergency is the sole responsibility of the person involved. Emergency Preparedness Center and “areyouprepared.com” has made its best effort to produce a high quality, informative and helpful book. But they make no representation or warranties of any kind with regard to the completeness or accuracy of the contents of the book. They assume no liability for danger, harm, difficulty or injury of persons or property, or actions undertaken by any person in attempting to utilize the information contained within this book. No part of this publication may be stored in a retrieval system, transmitted, or reproduced in any way, including but not limited, to digital copying and printing, without the prior agreement and written permission of the publisher.

520 C North Main Street Suite 202 Heber City, Utah 84032

Knowledge • Peace Of Mind • Preparation
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Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 Getting Ready Before Anything Happens
(What to do Now!) 7. Creating Your Own Disaster Plan of Action Finding out what could happen in your area? 4 Steps to putting it together. How to practice and maintain your plan. Your Contact Information. (Post this information by the phone) How Safe is Your House? Checklist Controlling your utilities: How to shut them off in an emergency. What to do with them after an emergency. Preparing some Necessities for Quick Action 3 Day (72 Hrs.) Evacuation KitHow to Make a 72 Hour Kit. First AidHow to Make a First Aid Kit. Emergency WaterRecommended amount needed. How to purify water. How to store water. Emergency Water sources inside and out of your home. 18. 20. 22. Take Important Actions and Have this Information in place NOW. How to Report an Emergency. EvacuationNecessary preparations before an evacuation. How to evacuate. Evacuation worksheet . Action Plan Checklist (Are You Ready?) Be sure all members of your family know this. ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 3




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CHAPTER 2 Knowing What to Do: Taking the Appropriate Action
(Before - During - After)


Acts of Violence: Nuclear or Other Wars 9 steps to prepare The dangers Finding safety Shelter Radiation Terrorism, Riots, Looting, Bomb Threats and Other Violence The dangers Finding safety Hazardous Chemical: Transportation accidents, Accidental spills, Intentional The dangers 8 steps to take to prepare What to do if it happens Earthquakes 7 steps to prepare What to do during if your are: indoors. outdoors. in your car. After the quake, what next? Extreme Weather: Hurricane, Tornado, Winter Storms, Lightning & Thunder, Drought & Extreme Heat. 13 steps to prepare What to do during The dangers Steps to following after it has passed Famine 6 steps to prepare Actions to take during ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 4






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CHAPTER 4 Long Term Preparations You might need them for a while (Helpful suggestions for each of the following) 40.com .4 steps to take How to Recover (Children). Food Do you want to just survive or do it in style What are your options? Advantages and disadvantages Priorities in building your food storage program Recommendations How much? How to store Rotation ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 5 www. Be prepared . 38. Plagues What is a plague? 4 steps to prepare for What to do during Floods 5 steps to prepare 7 steps to take during The dangers and what to do after 37. 6 important points How to Recover (Adults).com info@areyouprepared.36.areyouprepared. CHAPTER 3 Recovery 38. Helping yourself Helping children and others 38. How to Reduce Anxiety and Fear.

43. Water Find. 43. CHAPTER 5 45. store and purify Recommended amounts Clothes Storage plan Finance Cash. Other Important Web Sites www. 44. 43.42. important documents and insurances Shelter Alternative Suggestions Heat Alternative Suggestions Light Alternative Suggestions Fuel Suggestions Cooking Easy alternatives Sanitation List of necessary items to store 42.com info@areyouprepared. 43.areyouprepared. 43. 42.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 6 .

communications can be difficult. church. ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 7 B. school. Test and recharge fire extinguishers. have them call this person and let them know where they are and if all is well with them.areyouprepared. Outside your neighborhood in case you can’t get to your home.) Ask an out-of-state family member or friend to be your family’s “Contact Person”. Contact the organizations that are listed at the front of this booklet. Many times it is easier to get through to your contact person out of state than to make a local call. what they sound like and what you should do when you hear them. daycare and other places where your family spends time. Check/rotate food & water in your evacuation-kit every 6 months. C. C. F. Remember to always remain calm. They can give you the phone numbers to your local chapter who can tell you what disasters could happen in your area. D. A. (City park. www. Meet with your family and discuss what types of disasters could happen in your area and what to do. Quiz your family every six months so they don’t forget. A. find out about animal care. 2. Change batteries every 6 months. 1. Practice and Maintain your plan Conduct fire and emergency evacuation drills. E.com . E. D. 2. Create a Disaster Plan for your family. C. If you have animals. Panic causes accidents. B. Outside your house if members are home. etc. Test smoke detectors monthly. Find out what your community’s warning signals are. After a disaster.CHAPTER 1 CREATING YOUR DISASTER PLAN Where will you & your family be WHEN IT STRIKES! Work? School? Home? Traveling? Will you know What to do and where to go? 4 STEPS TO SAFETY A. 3. school play ground. Find out how to help the elderly and disabled.com info@areyouprepared. (Page 25) Discuss the steps of evacuation. Learn about the disaster plans at work. D. (Page 22) Choose 2 places to meet family members: 1. If your family members become separated in a disaster. B. Finding Out What Could Happen in Your Area. They may not be allowed in some places during and after a disaster.

com info@areyouprepared.areyouprepared.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 8 . My Name ________________________________________________ My Phone ________________________________________________ My Address ______________________________________________ My City _________________________________________________ Nearest Intersection to my house______________________________ ________________________________________________________ 911 Ambulance _____________________________________ Paramedics _____________________________________ Fire ___________________________________________ Police _________________________________________ Sheriff_________________________________________ Search and Rescue___________________________________________________ Highway Patrol _____________________________________________________ Coast Guard/Harbor Patrol ____________________________________________ Hospital ___________________________________________________________ Poison Control______________________________________________________ Children’s Hospital __________________________________________________ Trauma Center______________________________________________________ Burn Center ________________________________________________________ Cardiac Center______________________________________________________ Family Doctor ______________________________________________________ Dentist ____________________________________________________________ www.Important Phone Numbers Post by each phone.

Veterinarian ________________________________________________________ Pharmacy __________________________________________________________ Employer __________________________________________________________ Father’s Work ______________________________________________________ Mother’s Work______________________________________________________ Other Relatives _____________________________________________________ Neighbor __________________________________________________________ Out-of-Town Contact Person __________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Out-of-State Contact Person ___________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Church Leader ______________________________________________________ Babysitter _________________________________________________________ Daycare Center _____________________________________________________ Pre-School _________________________________________________________ Elementary School __________________________________________________ Middle School ______________________________________________________ Junior High ________________________________________________________ High School________________________________________________________ Gas_______________________________________________________________ Power_____________________________________________________________ Telephone _________________________________________________________ Handyman _________________________________________________________ Electrician _________________________________________________________ Plumber ___________________________________________________________ Mechanic __________________________________________________________ Family Attorney ____________________________________________________ www.areyouprepared.com info@areyouprepared.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 9 .

com info@areyouprepared.areyouprepared.Accountant ________________________________________________________ Banker or Financial Advisor ___________________________________________ Insurance Agent_____________________________________________________ Mortgage Company__________________________________________________ Landlord __________________________________________________________ Emergency Roadside Assistance________________________________________ Taxi ______________________________________________________________ Public Transportation ________________________________________________ Weather ___________________________________________________________ Road Conditions ____________________________________________________ Avalanche__________________________________________________________ Forest Service ______________________________________________________ Snow Removal _____________________________________________________ Time and Temperature________________________________________________ Animal Control _____________________________________________________ American Red Cross _________________________________________________ Disaster Clean -up Company __________________________________________ Crisis Hotline ______________________________________________________ Social Worker ______________________________________________________ Health Department __________________________________________________ Others: ____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ www.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 10 .

My Important Numbers My Name___________________________________________ My Phone Number___________________________________ My Address_________________________________________ My City ____________________________________________ If I need: Call 911 Place Picture of Father here with phone number Place Picture of Mother here with phone number Place Picture of Neighbor here with phone number Place Picture of Relative here with phone number www.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 11 .areyouprepared.com info@areyouprepared.

_____ Keep flammables away from heat sources. _____ Don’t overload electrical outlets. _____ Repair cracks in ceilings and foundations. _____ Don’t run wires under rugs or carpets.areyouprepared. and gas vents.HOW SAFE IS YOUR HOUSE? Before any disaster. _____ Secure water heater by strapping to wall studs. _____ Place oily rags or waste in covered metal cans. BY TAKING PREVENTIVE MEASURES BEFORE AN EMERGENCY.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 12 . break or cause a fire is a potential hazard. USE THE FOLLOWING CHECK LIST TO SEE IF YOUR HOUSE IS SAFE. Anything that can move. _____ Hang pictures and mirrors away from beds. YOU CAN SAVE LIVES AND PROPERTY www. _____ Secure large appliances. flue pipes. fall.com info@areyouprepared. vent connectors. _____ Repair defective electrical wiring. heavy objects on lower shelves. _____ Secure hanging plants. _____ Fix leaky gas connections immediately. _____ Clean and repair chimneys. you should inspect your home and eliminate any potential hazards. ordinary items in your home can cause injury and damage. In an emergency. _____ Place large. _____ Fasten shelves securely to walls. _____ Brace overhead light fixtures.

Electric Fuse Box and the Electrical Meter. IMPORTANT! ELECTRICITY . 2. C. Locate the following: A. The Electrical Meter is usually outside. Electricity 2. 4. Gas 3. 3. Beware of water. (Outside where the gas line enters the house.) 2.one inside the house and the other outside where the city can read it. 5. Teach family members how to safely shut off utilities. Water B. This could electrocute you.com info@areyouprepared. Gas Main Valve. C. Turn off utilities if you suspect the lines are damaged. shut off the gas main immediately and open windows. Shut off utilities if instructed to do so or if you are in doubt and have concerns that you are in danger. Turn the water main off only if a line is broken. Have the proper tool attached near the water main to turn it off. A. 1. Turn off electricity from the safest point.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 13 . Contact the gas company before turning the gas back on. www.) B.areyouprepared. If you smell or hear gas.CONTROLLING YOUR UTILITIES ELECTRICAL • GAS • WATER Before any Emergency Know How to Shut off the Utilities: 1. Water Main (usually 2 places . Wires and water don’t mix. (The fuse box is usually located inside the house. Attach a wrench to the gas meter so that you will not need to look for one during an emergency.Stay out of water and don’t touch any bare wires until electricity is turned off. Proper sequence to shut off utilities. After an Emergency 1.

PREPARING SOME NECESSITIES FOR QUICK ACTION 3 DAY EVACUATION KIT When an emergency strikes you may be forced to leave your home and have only enough time to grab the family and your evacuation-kit. 2. There is a good chance that you may not be able to return for a few days and that outside help may not be available for days. Portable so that a woman or child could carry it. Include the following essentials - Food: MREs for 3 days Instant Cereal Instant Hot Chocolate Food Bars Shelter/Bedding: Tube Tent Rain Poncho Space Blanket Wool Blanket Sleeping Bags Water: Water Purification Tablets First Aid Kit (see page 15) Sanitation: Toilet Paper Soap/Shampoo Toothbrush/Paste Personal Hygiene Items Heat/Light: Pocket Hand Warmers Matches/Candles Propane Stove Fire Starter Kit Flashlight Gloves Misc.Elderly or Disabled Family Members 1 Gallon of Water per person per day Communications: Battery Powered Radio Extra Batteries Store these items in a sturdy.areyouprepared. Be sure it is accessible in the event of an emergency or evacuation. Larger families may need several packs. easy to carry backpack or duffel bag. Your evacuation-kit should contain the necessary items to sustain life for the first critical hours/days following a disaster. Items: Extra set of Car Keys Credit Cards and Case List of Family Physicians Special Items for Infants. 3.com info@areyouprepared. www. B. Easy to use. When assembling a kit remember to make it: A.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 14 . 1.

He can inform you of the specific medications/prescriptions you need and explain how to use. Upgrade it as you increase your training: First Aid Manual Sterile Adhesive Bandages Sterile Gauze Pads Hypoallergenic Adhesive Tape Triangular Bandages Roller Bandages . take into consideration the following: A. store and rotate them.2 & 3 inches Scissors Tweezers Needle Thermometer Tongue Blades Assorted Sizes of Safety Pins Latex Gloves Antiseptic Soap Rubbing Alcohol Cotton Disposable Diapers Insect Repellent Moistened Towelettes Antiseptic-Cream Neosporin Petroleum Jelly Aspirin or Non-Aspirin Pain Reliever Laxatives Anti-Diarrhea Medication Syrup of Ipecac To induce vomiting if advised by Poison Control Antacid Sterile Adhesive Bandages in assorted Sizes Special Medications for Family NOTE: The American Red Cross offers classes in First Aid and CPR that cost little or nothing.areyouprepared. Specific health needs of family members. When assembling your First Aid Kit. Discuss with your family doctor your special needs. C. The following is a list of BASIC MEDICAL SUPPLIES recommended for a kit.com info@areyouprepared. Include the necessary medications and equipment for them. 2. www.FIRST AID How to Make a First Aid Kit 1. 3. Items that your family is familiar with and knows how to use properly. B.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 15 .

Add a little more until smell is detectable. you may improve the taste of the water by pouring it back and forth from one container to another to aerate it. filter out debris by passing it through a clean cloth. QUART 2 Drops 4 Drops Iodine 2% Tincture Clear Cloudy 3 Drops 12 Drops 6 Drops 24 Drops Wait 30 minutes before using water. Add another minute per 1000 ft.areyouprepared. Price ranges between $10-600. www. Double if cloudy. The Katadyn PF Pocket Filter is one of the better ones. After boiling. These can be bought at most drug stores. is about the size of a flashlight. weighs 23 ounces. Boil Bring water to a full rolling boil for at least 5 minutes.com info@areyouprepared.EMERGENCY WATER The Absolute Necessity Bare minimum per person per day for cooking and drinking is 1 Gallon. Add the following dosage according to clear or cloudy water then let stand for 30 minutes. How to Purify Water Before purifying water in any manner. that you are above sea level. GALLON 8 Drops 16 Drops Clear Cloudy Tablets Usually 1 tablet per quart. Bleach Use bleach that has sodium hypo-chlorite as its only active ingredient. It can filter 1 quart of water per minute.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 16 . Mechanical Filters There are many filters to choose from that can filter out the contaminants. Add additional water for bathing & washing. A slight oder of chlorine should be detectable if the water is properly treated.

com info@areyouprepared. www. bleach containers) These containers don’t allow in gases.areyouprepared.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 17 . odors or light. Poor Other: Water beds. vapors. inside pipes. toilet tanks. Purify if in doubt. vapors & light. These pick up odors.How to Store Water Water Storage Containers Good FDA approved Plastic drums Mylar bags Glass bottles or jars Water heaters Polyethylene plastics (Milk. Also are biodegradable and will leak. water.

collectibles and Jewelry Net Worth Statement Stocks. scrapbooks Safe deposit box location. Bonds and other securities Accounts receivable information Purchase contracts All contracts Photocopy of documents that you have in your wallet or purse Certificates of birth. etc.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 18 . key Investment portfolio Record of gold. Bank Statements Credit Card accounts Bank Loan agreements Tax records Important guarantees. earthquake. photos and written copy Computer back up tapes Insurance policies Mortgage documents Deeds Vehicle Titles and Bill of Sales Wills and Trusts Medical records Employee benefit information Letter of Instruction in case of death Funeral and burial plans Copy of your family’s Disaster Plan Journals & Family Histories Cherished family items: photos. address and number of your Accountant.com info@areyouprepared. Executor. marriage. Be aware that not all general insurance policies cover damage from natural disasters and war. slides. Trustees. flood. fire. freezer or hidden safe.areyouprepared. copyrights School transcripts. Store your important papers in a safe. sliver.TAKE IMPORTANT ACTIONS AND HAVE THIS INFORMATION IN PLACE NOW! These are the little things that are usually overlooked and can make your life difficult if they’re not in order. Make duplicate copies of all important documents. warranties and sales receipts Copies of your inventory video. number. Stockbroker and Insurance agents Location of your spare keys Citizenship papers Military papers Passports. visas Social security card Employment records Patents. homeowner’s. videos. diplomas Insurance Carry enough of the right kind of insurance: Renters. fire proof place such as a safety deposit box. books. and death Divorce decrees Adoption and custody papers Name. Attorney. inventory of contents. Immunizations Keep immunizations current for all of your family members. www.

where and when you purchased them. with the following information on every one in your family. prescription number and date prescribed) Eyeglass/contact lens prescription Blood Type Doctor’s name.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 19 . garage. video and written documents and kept them in another location out side your home. Have an extra set of keys. (And any other important items that we may have missed) www.com info@areyouprepared.areyouprepared. price and current value. Consider duplicating and preserving the above documents and records to prevent loss in a disaster. Name tag Driver’s license or other identification Medical problems Prescription medication (name. Cash Have on hand at least $100 in small bills.Know and have Wallet I. physical description. Include serial numbers. Make a complete written itemized list of all the contents. dosage. Take pictures and videotape all of these in their normal locations. premises and where you work. Duplicates Make duplicates of your photos. make. model numbers.D. number and address Vehicles At all times keep your gas tank in your vehicle at least 1/2 way full. VITAL FAMILY DOCUMENTS Inventory Take inventory of Your home.

areyouprepared. Always give this information: Where is the emergency. Ask what you can do to help. www. traffic accident.HOW TO REPORT AN EMERGENCY Dial 911 Keep calm. address and phone number. What happened. Your name. What is being done. Heimlich maneuver for someone choking. Cool them off if heat stroke.com info@areyouprepared. How many people are involved. medical. How to prevent further injury to the victim with a neck injury or broken bones. speak slowly and clearly. Some actions may include: CPR. drowning or other. Keeping the victim warm if needed. Tell what type of emergency: Fire. Control any bleeding with direct pressure.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 20 . What condition are they in.

Is the victim conscious and breathing? Male or female.com info@areyouprepared. Medical: Address of emergency. What is on fire. What happened. Ask what you can do to help.areyouprepared. Is everyone out. How many vehicles are involved. Address of Fire. Are they conscious and breathing? Are the vehicles still in the road? Is any vehicle on fire? Are there downed power lines? Are there hazardous materials involved? Your name. Traffic Accident: Address. www. How many victims.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 21 .K. Your name. Injuries.Specific Accidents Fire: Get out of the burning building. Are any of the vehicles in unstable positions or underwater? Stay on the line until the other person tells you it is O. address and phone number. address and phone number. to hang up. address and phone number. Your name.

shut off electricity. Don’t use shortcuts because certain areas may be dangerous or impassable. How to Evacuate If time permits1. Necessary Preparations Before an Evacuation: 1.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 22 . 6. 2. If instructed to do so. Post a note telling others when you left and where you are going. www. 9. 4.EVACUATION In some cases when you need to evacuate. 2. Have a whistle in each bedroom for warning others. Do the action plan check list on page 24. 8.) 3. 3. Know your evacuation-plan. there may not be a lot of time. 5. Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes. Lock your home. Have 2 ways to get out. Make arrangements for your pets. 7.com info@areyouprepared. rope. Be able to reach the ground. Have smoke detectors on each level of your home. Use specified travel route. 6. gas and water. 4. 7. (See page 7) Always have at least 1/2 tank of gas in your vehicle(s). (Walk out. Have the appropriate fire extinguishers.areyouprepared. Know your disaster plan. etc. ladder. Take your evacuation-kit with you. 5. roof.

Practice this with your family.House Plan This page is blank and is designed to be a worksheet. Draw the floor plan of your house and design your own evacuation plan .com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 23 .com info@areyouprepared.areyouprepared. www.

(Page 13) First Aid Kit.ACTION PLAN CHECKLIST Are You Ready? Take the time to ensure that all members of your family know the following: YES _____ NO _____ Know your family disaster plan. (Page 7) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Family evacuation plan. etc. Smoke detectors on each level of your home. fire.areyouprepared. (Call the American Red Cross) 3 Day Evacuation Kit.) Immunizations up to date. (Home. Know how & when to call 911. gas & water. Fire extinguishers and know how to use them. (Page 14) Know where to go if city sirens go off.com info@areyouprepared. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ www. Eliminate fire hazards. (Page 12) Adequate insurance coverage.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 24 . Know how to turn off electricity. (Page 15) Trained in CPR & First Aid. life. (Page 22-23) Emergency numbers posted by phones. Whistles in every bedroom.

4 Extreme Weather: Hurricane.During .areyouprepared. Riots.2 Hazardous Chemical Spills 2.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 25 . Tornado.8 Floods www.6 Famine 2. Looting.3 Earthquakes 2.5 Fires 2. Bomb Threats. Drought & Extreme Heat 2. Terrorism 2. Winter Storms.CHAPTER 2 Knowing what to do and taking the appropriate action in each of the following disasters can save lives.com info@areyouprepared. Lightning & Thunder.7 Plagues 2.1 Acts of Violence: Nuclear or Other Wars. (Before .After) 2.

Lock doors and windows at night and when you are away. ETC. (Page 14) 5. water. 7. Equipped with protective devices for your family’s defense. Dangers if the explosion is some distance away: 1. Even if a conflict is happening in another location. Has an exit. Practice family evacuation plan. BEFORE: 1. Feel the heat 4. Contact local authorities for their emergency plan of action.) 8.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 26 . Should violence break out in your area. Know your evacuation plan. the effects can affect us sharply in the form of rationing. LOOTING. Away from windows. economic unrest and possible loss of loved ones. Equipped with extra supplies. 9. Safe from fallout. B. Designate a safe place in your home for shelter that is: A. BOMB THREATS. You may be warned in one of many ways: 1.VIOLENCE 1. Never look at the flash. See a flash 2. 2. Hear a warning signal on the radio. C. TERRORISM. Hear a blast 3. (Evacuation. TV or city siren. etc. (Page 7) 6. B. E.) 3. Nuclear War: A. fuel. Have some training in First Aid & CPR if possible. Know your disaster plan. (Food. Have your 3-day evacuation kit accessible.com info@areyouprepared. there are several things your family should know and consider. RIOTS.. Violence is continuing to increase. www. Learn about the affects of violence in your area. Heat wave could arrive within 5 seconds and can cause serious burns. (Page 22) 4. D.areyouprepared. NOTE: Any one of these dangers can be fatal within a few seconds after the explosion even if it is many miles away. etc. fall out shelters. DURING: Find safety—safely!!! 1. NUCLEAR OR OTHER WARS.

3. Injury. TERRORISM A. If it is not possible to leave. Fallout/radiation arrives later causing other serious injuries.radiation level drops 100 times. Blast wave within as little as 30 seconds causing serious injury. ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 27 . looting and fires associated with the violence.) 2. 2. SHELTERS: You may have a fallout shelter located in your community or you can build one out of dirt or concrete. E. assault and/or gunfire.6 inches of dirt over your shelter.radiation level drops 10 times. OTHER VIOLENCE . to 2 weeks. 48 hours . C. 2 hours . Take cover in one of the following to increase you chances of survival: 1. radiation levels can be reduce by half. Damage to property caused by riots. 6. go to the designated safety area in your house.4 inches of concrete or 3. NOTE: The dangers from fallout radiation will decrease over time. Parked car. 3.radiation level drops about 50%. D. After the heat and blast waves have passed: 1. Find safety safely and quickly by: 1.areyouprepared. Cellar. Take appropriate action. 3. 2. Remain calm. Struck by flying debris. 2. Freeway under or over pass. find safety safely and quickly. Ditch or culvert. 4. www.com info@areyouprepared. 5. etc. Loss of life caused by explosions. Be prepared to stay there for at least 48 hrs. etc. train. 2. 5. Keep all doors & windows LOCKED.2. Thrown by the blast. school. Dangers!: 1. 7 hours . city. Following your Family Disaster Plan. Any object that is stable and not flammable. 3. (Designated area in your home. B. 2. BOMB THREATS. Burned by the heat. 6. Find cover immediately so that you are not: 1.com . 3. truck. If at school or office. LOOTING. By placing as little as 2. Evacuating the area if you can do so safely.RIOTS. 4. Go to the closest shelter that is safe from fallout. Inside a building.

8. car. DON’T touch the spilled material. explosions. fumes or smoke. Know what could happen in your area. Accidental spill including faulty valves. 6. ruptures due to natural disasters. 6. Intentionally dumped. Follow your evacuation plan if told to do so. Know your disaster plan. Fires Explosions Toxic gases that can be disabling or fatal. If the spill can’t be identified. 3. 3. 3. Transportation accidents involving trucks or trains. water and clothing from becoming contaminated. etc. Have and know how to use your fire extinguisher. water.) DURING: 1. www. (Page 7) Know your evacuation plan. 7.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 28 . Possible contamination of the area. 4.com info@areyouprepared. Protect your food. THE DANGERS! 1. Know your local warning signal and evacuation route. 2.HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL SPILL This can be harmful to the environment as well as to our health. 5. There are many chemicals that can be a threat to us. 4. (House. Treat victims if it is safe to do so. Have on hand a 14-day supply of food. 2. 7. Have your 3-day evacuation kit easily accessible.areyouprepared. 2. 2. office. Take your 3-day evacuation kit with you if you are evacuated. Usually they become hazardous to us and our surroundings if they are uncontrollably released in one of the following ways: 1. 5. 8. 4. 3. STAY away from the scene of the accident DON’T inhale gases. stay away from any accident victim until the authorities arrive. (Page 22) Have some training in First Aid and CPR if possible. BEFORE: 1. fuel. LISTEN to local authorities.

chimneys. Have your 3-day evacuation kit accessible. IF INDOORS: A. table or bed. Know and rehearse your evacuation plan with family members. Stay away from: Windows.EARTHQUAKES BEFORE: 1. school and work. Stand in a doorway. or other fixtures that might fall. buildings. (Page 14) 2. skylights.areyouprepared. Know your disaster plan. C. Stop as quickly as safety permits. Practice family earthquake drills from different rooms so everyone knows what to do. Have some training in First Aid & CPR if possible. Find protection. and where the safest places are in your home.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 29 . IF IN A CAR: A.com info@areyouprepared. stand against an inside wall. move to an open area away from hazards and stay there until it is safe. IF OUTDOORS: A. light fixtures. Stay in the vehicle until it is safe. Stay indoors. C. B. walls. B. (Overpasses. Get away from buildings. Consider earthquake insurance. 4. utility poles and lines. Get away from hazards. 2. 5. 3. If possible. etc. get under a sturdy desk. high book cases. www. 1. 6. (Pages 7) 3. mirrors.) B. Prevent possible damage by completing the “How Safe is Your Home?” (See page 12) 7. DURING: Remain calm and think through the consequences before acting.

If you smell gas. D. Locate family members and contact your out-of-state Contact Person. open flame appliances. (Downed power lines. STAY AWAY from hazardous areas. check to see if sewage lines are intact. 2. Be prepared for additional after shocks. 5. 6.) B. open windows and shut off the main gas valve and electrical switch. fires.com info@areyouprepared. etc. buildings. or any electrical switches until you are sure there are no gas leaks. Check for injuries and administer First Aid. 4. C. lighters. 7. Grab your 3-day evacuation kit. Turn on radio and follow instructions from your local authorities. www. broken gas pipes. 8. Once outdoors: A.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 30 . Before using the toilet. Check for fires and other hazards. shower or sink. Get out of the building immediately and report the damaged utilities to the utility companies.areyouprepared. DON’T use matches.AFTER: Make a safety inspection: 1. 3.

l and can cause tornadoes and flash flooding. 5. Listen to local authorities. ( Page 7) Know your evacuation plan. Protect glass windows & doors by boarding up. Have a secure shelter. taping or closing the shutters if high winds are suspected. 4. BEFORE: 1. 3. water. accompanied by heavy amounts of rain or hail. Have your 3-day evacuation kit accessible. 6. (Shovel. If told to evacuate. sheds. 2. 9. EXTREME HEAT: Temperatures are at least 10 degrees above the average high temperature lasting for several weeks or more. 12. LIGHTNING & THUNDER: A discharge of electricity within the storm cloud. (page 14) Have on hand a 14 day supply of food.com info@areyouprepared. etc.) Tie down or bring indoors items that can’t be tied down. (Toys. trash cans.areyouprepared. Have emergency tools in car. WINTER STORMS: Extreme snow. follow their instructions and remember the steps to your evacuation plan. Have adequate insurance. DROUGHT: Long period of time that passes without any substantial rainfall. patio furniture. www. Know your local warning signal & evacuation route.) 10.EXTREME WEATHER HURRICANE: Winds in a wide circular motion: Category One 73-95 mph Category Two 96-110 mph Category Three 111-130 mph Category Four 131-155 mph Category Five over 155 mph TORNADO: A whirlwind accompanied by a funnel shaped cloud. 8. etc. (Page 22) Have some training in First Aid & CPR if possible.) Know your disaster plan. bag of sand. 11. dog house. blankets. ice and sleet. 13. etc. etc. (Boats.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 31 . 7. fuel. Secure objects that could be blown away.

(First aid. Stay away from glass windows. In a HURRICANE. doors. If a person is struck by lightning. 9. shock) They will not shock you and are safe to touch. If your hair stands up or your skin tingles. (Lake. Lightning may strike any second. If outdoors. Have your 3-day evacuation kit wherever you are. 4. C. don’t drive unless needed. CPR. etc.com info@areyouprepared. skylights. E.areyouprepared. 3. Only use the telephone for emergencies. Be aware of the snow load on your roof and other areas that could collapse by the weight. www. The storm may calm down for a few minutes then could become worse than before the “Eye” had passed. trailer or mobile home.DURING: 1. Stay inside a secure and stable building. Find a secure and stable building or lie in a ditch and shield your head. etc. 7. ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 32 8. F. In a TORNADO. treat them immediately. Continue to listen to local authorities. Don’t be the tallest object in the area. DROP to the ground immediately. In a LIGHTING STORM: A. be aware of the “Eye” of the hurricane. G.com . 2. river.) B. 6. don’t stay in your car. D. 5. In a WINTER STORM. Stay away from large metal objects. ocean. Get out of and away from any water. Cover your face with clothing to prevent suffocation from the dust. One of the safest places to go during a destructive windstorm is in the corner of the building next to the wall. find protection down low. Don’t use any electrical appliances. away from glass.

5. Rest regularly and stay in the shade. The dangers are: 1. 2. In the event of DROUGHT AND EXTREME HEAT: A. Check water supplies for contamination. 4. Discard if contaminated. AFTER: 1. www. Stay in contact with local authorities for other instructions. Don’t use electrical appliances or turn on the electricity if the area is wet. Stay away from damaged areas. 2. water and sewer lines and downed power lines. buildings B. 4. Treat the dangers: 1. Heatstroke. conserve water to avoid depletion of supplies. Damaged roads. 8. 9. Administer First Aid to those in need. 3. This occurs when your body core temperature is above 99 degrees. 2. In the event of a drought. Don’t go sightseeing in the disaster areas. and collapsing from water depletion all occur when over exposed to the heat for a long period of time. Inspect food for contamination. Heat impairment occurs when your body temperature is around 102 degrees. Broken gas. 11.10. bridges. Also a hat with a wide brim. 3. Don’t stand in water when working with electricity. 10. Don’t use open flame if you suspect a gas line to be broken. Drink lots of water to keep body fluid & salt level close to normal. Heat strains on the body. A. Stay sheltered until notified by officials that it is safe. 7. heart attacks. 4. Wear loose fitting & porous clothes.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 33 . 3. Purify water if in doubt. Use caution when driving through affected areas. Prolonged drought can damage agricultural production and seriously impact the community economy.com info@areyouprepared. Be aware of and report any hazards to proper authorities.areyouprepared. 6. B.

Meet other family members at your predetermined meeting place. DURING: If indoors: 1. AFTER: 1. If you couldn’t call the fire department from inside. Stay low to the ground if the room has smoke in it. DON’T use your bare hands. DON’T HIDE. (See Red Cross) 6. 9.areyouprepared. (See Page 12) 7. send someone to call now. 3. Have fire insurance. 10. 2. Contain the fire if possible. Watch little children so they don’t go back inside. 5.com info@areyouprepared. 5. 2. Feel any closed doors to see if they are hot before you open them.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 34 . Drop to the ground and roll over and over to smother the flames. 4. If not. If the door is hot. 2. (Page 14) Know your disaster plan. turn off gas and electricity from outside the building. 3. Call the Fire Department. www. If you see someone on fire. Execute your evacuation-plan and practiced fire drills. 6. DON’T RUN. If you catch on fire. If outdoors: 1. get outdoors immediately. Warn others with your whistle. 8. Have some training in First Aid and CPR if possible. 4. If possible. escape through the window or another exit. DON’T re-enter the building until proper officials have given permission. wrap them in a blanket or coat to smother the flames. 8. Prevent possible damage by completing the Home Hazard List. 3. (Page 7) Know your evacuation plan. (Page 22) Practice family fire drills from different rooms so everyone knows what to do and how to escape a fire. 9. STAY OUTDOORS! Call fire department.FIRES BEFORE: 1. Go to the family’s predetermined meeting place in the yard and take roll call. 5. 4. 7. Have your 3 day evacuation-kit accessible.

It is something that we are not immune to and should consider the effects and what we can do to prepare our families.areyouprepared. Store and have at least 1 year supply of food for each family member. grains. DURING: You don’t know how long it will last so: 1. Learn about good nutrition. Have a water source. Learn and take notes in case you get another chance to prepare. 4.) 3. Learn about gardening and how to can fruits and vegetables.FAMINE Famine is something that we don’t give much thought. water purifier.) 6. Learn how to store food and water for an extended period of time. 2. 3. We think of third world countries when we talk about it. (See Page 40-42) 4.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 35 . Store garden seeds and have the necessary hand tools to grow them. BEFORE: 1.com info@areyouprepared. etc. (Well. Plan ahead for the future. (Continue to store seeds. etc. Help others around you as much as possible. www. (See page 40-42) 5. Ration your supplies as if they had to last you indefinitely. 2.

Learn about good hygiene and cleanliness. DURING: 1. 2. eat too much. etc. Continue to watch your diet and personal hygiene. STAY away from contaminated areas.areyouprepared.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 36 . Don’t smoke. 2. mice. www. flies or mosquitoes. Avoid unclean areas and groups of people where disease and germs may be.com info@areyouprepared. Contact local professional medical authorities for additional help. Keep your body healthy. 4. 3. small animals. Keep your home and surrounding area free of rodents as much as possible. Learn what health hazards could affect your family Have everyone current with their immunization shots. rats. drink alcohol. BEFORE: 1. The results can affect large groups of people in the same area or could be spread worldwide. 4. 3. It may be transmitted by other people.PLAGUES A plague is an epidemic on a larger scale.

Don’t use electrical appliances or turn on the electricity if the area is wet. Have your 3-day evacuation kit accessible. Downed power lines 2. Don’t attempt to drive through waterways or flooded areas unless you are certain the roadway is safe. Stay in the safest area possible. Listen to the radio for local instructions. A. Stay in contact with local authorities for other instructions. Damaged roads & bridges B. Don’t go sightseeing in the disaster areas. 3. 7. Broken gas. Find out if your location is above possible flood levels and where are the nearest and safest areas. 8. Be aware of and report any hazards to proper authorities. water and sewer lines D. www. 4. Discard if contaminated. Purify water if in doubt.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 37 . Be aware of any hazards. Don’t attempt to cross through a waterway that is above your knees. Inspect food for contamination.) AFTER: 1. Take your 3-day evacuation kit. (Page 7) 3. (See below. Follow your evacuation plan. (Page 14) 2. Consider flood insurance. 3. Damaged buildings C. 5.FLOODS BEFORE: 1. Check water supplies for contamination. 6. extremely swift water or that is above the middle of your wheels. 5. Know your evacuation plan. 4. 2.areyouprepared. Don’t stand in water when working with electricity. DURING: 1. 7. Don’t use open flame if you suspect a gas line to be broken. 6. (Page 22) 5.com info@areyouprepared. Know your disaster plan. 4. Use caution when driving through affected areas.

Know and teach each family member your Disaster & Evacuation plans. 4. www. 6. Local warning horns or sirens from city officials. 3.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 38 . B. This can be very frightening for adults. A. a child is most afraid that: A. After a disaster. Explain how to call for help. 3. the child could become more frightened. Someone will be hurt or killed.areyouprepared. Take these feelings seriously. B.CHAPTER 3 RECOVERY Disasters usually strike quickly and without warning. C. 5. Phone number. 2. and guidance. Help them memorize the important family information. Look to you for stability. They will be separated from their family and/or be left alone. Their fears may come from their imagination. B. Address. 2. C. If we react with alarm.com info@areyouprepared. 4. Name. Smoke detectors. D. security. Reduce anxiety and fear with the following: BEFORE: 1. Younger children can carry a small card that lists emergency information to give to an adult or baby-sitter. It will happen again. A child who feels afraid is afraid. Know where to meet in case of an emergency. Fire alarms. C.: A. DURING & AFTER: CHILDREN: 1. They see our fear as proof that the danger is real. Teach your children how to recognize the danger signals. but are especially traumatic for children.

3.ADULTS: 1. This will help them feel a part. Cope and recover quicker by: A. They need to be reassured by your words and actions. Explain the facts about the event. G.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 39 . E. 1. B. Encourage them to talk. F. Act responsibly. www. Keep the family together as much as possible. Include them in recovery activities. B. Give them chores.areyouprepared. 2. H. Don’t ignore the emotional needs of the child. Children get anxious and worry that someone may not return. Remain calm during the disaster. Understanding how they feel. C. Having chores helps them feel they are helping to make things better. D. C. Reassure them with love and firmness. 2.com info@areyouprepared. Adequately prepare for a disaster. Help children and others in need emotionally by: A. Listen to them. Assist the elderly and disabled.

Fresh and healthy Inexpensive MRES Cost Dehydrated Foods Difficult to prepare.areyouprepared. heat and fuel to prepare. Garden Fast Food Tastes good. Storage Conditions C. Cost Freeze Dried Already prepared just add a little water. 2. eat what you store. First of all ask yourself. 6 months or even a year. Space B. open and eat. heat or eat cold.com info@areyouprepared. Up to 20 years shelf life. Weeding—depending on how you look at it. A. 5 year shelf life. Seasonal Expense and may not be available all the time. 3. Disadvantages Some items don’t have a very long shelf life.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 40 . Cost What are my Options? Grocery Store/ Bulk foods Advantages Canned/boxed and easy to prepare. “ Do I want to just survive or will I enjoy eating this kind of food? How difficult will it be to prepare during difficult times? What kind of budget do I have?” 1. May not taste like you’re use to. Climate D. www. Avoid glass containers. Build your food storage program systematically and according to priorities. Choose food preservation methods according to your situation.CHAPTER 4 LONG TERM PREPARATIONS FOOD Store what you eat. Determine your need for a month. Affordable and stores well in air tight containers with long shelf life. requires water. Up to 20 year shelf life Already prepared.

RECOMMENDATIONS Store some of everything. . . . . .areyouprepared. 370 How to Store? Containers are very important. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . fat. How Much? This varies depending upon your age. then calculates a balanced diet. . . . . per person for 1 year Grains . . store Freeze Dried and MREs. . . . . moisture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . heat. Don’t just buy wheat and powered milk and think “Life will be great!” Store the kind of foods you eat in all of these categories. . . buy a little extra each time you go to the grocery store. . . . . This is customized to fit your family’s needs by taking into consideration the age of each member. . Here is a sample of the very basics for survival for an average person. . 5 Fats/Oils . . . . avoid fast food and save your money for some extras. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Fresh or Dried Vegetables . . . . . 370 Canned or pickled . . . We offer a computerized print out of how much your family needs for 1-1000 months of storage with a listing of how many calories. . . that the food will give you. . . . will destroy your food if allowed in any container. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Air. . . . . . . choose the containers and how they are packaged wisely.com for more about this. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Legumes . . . . . . . . light. . . . etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If you are on a tight budget. plant a garden. . . . To extend the shelf life of the foods. . . size and needs. 75 Sugar/Honey . . Email us at info@areyouprepared. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 Powdered Milk . . . .com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 41 . . .com info@areyouprepared. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foods . . . . . If you have the money and like the convenience of already prepared foods. . . www. . . . . . . . . . . . protein. . . . . . etc. 60 Salt . Lbs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

grains. We recommend using the following for the different food groups to accomplish an optimal food storage program. Metal cans: Not recommended because of rusting. CLOTHES If times become difficult it may be nice to have on hand extra clothes to go through and wear if for some reason you can’t buy them. food will store for a very long time. Having a source of water and knowing how to purify it. store and purify it. Paper and plastic bags: Not good for long term storage. Every 6 months to a year go through your clothes and see what you really wear and what you don’t. beans and sugar. www. 3.3).com info@areyouprepared.10 double enameled cans: If packaged properly. It becomes impossible to store enough water for 1 year for a person.Recommendation: There are advantages and disadvantages to every container. If packaged properly. WATER We’ve already discussed the importance of water and how to find. food will store a very long time. you would rotate your entire 1 year supply in 7 years. Rotate these items within 6 months to a year. becomes very important. 5. Always keep it cool and in a dark room. Bottles: For canning and preserving fruits and vegetables. As you rotate out of your closet also rotate out of your storage box keeping the best items. Food loses it nutritional value over time and when it is exposed to light and heat. Also store a few pair of shoes. If you had a 1 year supply of food and you ate from it once a week. Don’t store all in just one type of container. Your choices 1. (See Chapter 1. 2. Take the ones that you don’t wear and put away in time of need. Rotation Rotation is very important. It is recommended to storage 1 gal per person per day for 2 weeks. 4. 5 or 6 gal plastic food grade buckets: Great for storing wheat. No.areyouprepared.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 42 .

Portable Heater. Remember to have batteries and fuel on hand. Hand Warmers. Propane is one of the easiest and safest to store. FUEL Many fuels do store very well and can be dangerous. Wood Burning Stove/Fireplace. travel trailer. Tent.com info@areyouprepared. checkbook. Candles.areyouprepared. as you think about the following. email us at info@areyouprepared. motor home. www. Blankets.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 43 .FINANCES Have on hand $100 cash in small bills.com and we’ll send you more information HEAT Heat is critical during the cooler times of the year. Flashlight. credit cards. SHELTER If you are temporally displaced you may be able to go to a friends/relative or stay in a Motel. Travel Trailer. travel trailer or motor home can provide during difficult times. Lantern. Motor Home. Have all of the necessary insurances in place to protect you against losses. Matches. Consider having on hand some of the following: Space Blanket. Batteries. Consider the necessities and luxuries that a camper. If not. LIGHT Matches. fire proof place. Put all of your important documents in a safe. here are some alternative temporary shelters you may consider. Sleep Bags. Camper. Wood. If you would like more information about bomb shelters and how to build one. community shelter. Fuel for the Heater. camper. bomb shelter or any other out building that is safe. Cyalume Chemical Light sticks.

shampoo. Freeze Dried foods and MREs are great because there is little or no cooking. shovel. rubber gloves. detergent. disposable plates. liquid soap. scrubbing pads. eating utensils. cups. disinfectants. pocket knife. But if you have to cook. Portable camping toilet. metal trash cans. disposable diapers.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 44 . Think for a moment: what would you do with out running water? Here is a list of some sanitation supplies. SANITATION Keeping clean during disasters and emergencies is essential to maintain good health and is often difficult to accomplish. Remember to have sufficient fuel on hand for these. rodent traps.COOKING If you have prepared well you may have storage foods that don’t need a lot of cooking. wash cloths. paper towels. toiletries just to name a few. think of using your Patio Gas BBQ or camper/travel trailer/ motor home’s stove.areyouprepared. www.com info@areyouprepared. towelettes. heavy-duty plastic bags. infant supplies.

NOTE: Twice a Year 1.html References and Acknowledgments We want to thank the American Red Cross and FEMA for their resources and contributions to this guide book.CHAPTER 6 OTHER IMPORTANT WEB SITES Important Web Sites that can be very helpful This one link has it all.colorado.com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 45 . It will take you to hundreds of valuable links for any hazard. disaster. The Disaster Plan and Evacuation sections are VERY CRITICAL and SHOULD BE rehearsed many times BEFORE an emergency. Check and replace those items that have expired. or emergency: www.com info@areyouprepared. www. 2. Review disaster & evacuation plans.areyouprepared.edu/hazards/sites/sites.

You should also have a feel for the necessities that you already have on hand and for those items that you need in case of an emergency. Step 2: Get Ready with the Necessities Take inventory of your situation and get what you need. please visit our Website at www. www. than 1 minute too late. Good luck in your preparations and remember. Whether you buy from our company or not.areyouprepared.com as we continue to have updates and new information available..com ©2001 Emergency Preparedness Center page 46 ..Now You Know Step 1: How to Prepare We hope that through reading this information you have gained a better understand on how to become prepared. we hope that we have helped you in some way to become better prepared. It is better to be 5 years early. If we can assist you any further.areyouprepared.com info@areyouprepared.

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