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The radii of the cylindrical conductors are 0.5 cm and 1 cm. If the voltage applied across the capacitor is V (t ) = 50 sin(120π t ) (V) what is the displacement current? Solution:
l
Id
+ r
V(t)
2a
2b

Figure P6.15:
To ﬁnd the displacement current, we need to know E in the dielectric space between the cylindrical conductors. From Eqs. (4.114) and (4.115), Q , 2πε rl b Q V= ln . 2πε l a ˆ E = −r Hence, ˆ E = −r D = εE = εr ε0 E ˆ 9 × 8.85 × 10−12 × = −r ˆ = −r 72.1 sin(120π t ) r V r ln
b a
ˆ = −r
72.1 50 sin(120π t ) ˆ = −r sin(120π t ) (V/m), r ln 2 r
5.75 × 10−9 sin(120π t ) (C/m2 ). r The displacement current ﬂows between the conductors through an imaginary cylindrical surface of length l and radius r. The current ﬂowing from the outer ˆ crosses surface S where conductor to the inner conductor along −r ˆ 2π rl . S = −r
Hence, Id =
∂D ∂ ˆ · S = −r ∂t ∂t
5.75 × 10−9 ˆ 2π rl ) sin(120π t ) · (−r r
= 5.75 × 10−9 × 120π × 2π l cos(120π t ) = 0.82 cos(120π t ) (µ A). Alternatively, since the coaxial capacitor is lossless, its displacement current has to be equal to the conduction current ﬂowing through the wires connected to the voltage sources. The capacitance of a coaxial capacitor is given by (4.116) as C= The current is I =C 2πε l dV = [120π × 50 cos(120π t )] = 0.82 cos(120π t ) (µ A), b dt ln a 2πε l . ln b a
which is the same answer we obtained before.
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