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units & measurements :Physics @ viresh

units & measurements :Physics @ viresh

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Published by Viresh Singh
useful for 11th moving students
useful for 11th moving students

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Published by: Viresh Singh on Apr 24, 2013
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Mechanics for CBSE -PMT, AIEEE, JEE

{Dimensions, Error and measurement}
Q1 The number of fundamental quantities are (a) 5 (b) 3 (c) 7 (d) 9 Q2- Mark true / false against following statements: (i) Radian is secondary unit. (ii) Universal gas constant R is dimensionless. (iii) Surface tension has same dimensions as spring constant. (iv) Plank constant’s unit is joule- second. Q3- Dimensional formula of the torque is 2 2 (a) M L T-1 (b) M L T-2 0 (c) M L T-1 (d) M L T-1 Q4- Dimensional formula of the angular momentum is 2 (a) M L T-1 (b) M L T-2 1 0 (c) M L T (d) none of these Q5 – The plank constant has same dimensions as the dimensions of (a) torque (b) angular momentum (c) power (d) energy Q6- The force on a sphere of radius R moving in a medium with velocity v , is given by F = 6 π η R v. The dimensions of the viscosity η are -1 (a) ML3 (b) MLT-2 (c) M L2T-3 (d) M L T-1 Q7- Dimensional formula of electromotive force is same as that for (a) force (b) energy (c) power (d) potential Q8-The dimensional formula for the action will be 2 (a) M L T-2 (b) M L T-2 2 -1 2 (c) M L T (d) M L T-2 Q9- The dimensional formula for latent heat is ……. Q10- Electric potential multiplied by the current is electric power. The dimensional formula for electric potential will be 2 -3 2 -3 -1 (a) M L T A (b) M L T A -1 -3 -2 (c) M L T A (d) M L T A Q11- When a wave propagates along x – direction , then at time t , medium particles located at position x are displaced from their mean position by A sin( ω t – k x). Then the dimensional formula of (i) A is …………… (ii) ω is …………… (iii) k is ……………. Q12- Dimensional formula for impulse is …………….. Q13- Dimensions of electric resistance are 2 -3 -1 2 -3 -2 (a) M L T A (b) M L T A (c) M L T A
2 -2 -1

Q14- Moment of inertia I of a sphere of mass m and radius R is 2M R2 / 5 . If Ia ωb has same dimensions as that for energy, then a = --------------- and b =------------------. Q15- Time period of a spring mass system is proportional to ma Kb where m is mass of the system and K is the spring constant. Then (a) a = 1 ; b = ½ (b) a = 1 /2 ; b = -1/2 (c) a = b= ½ (d) a = 2b = -1 Q16- According to the Stefan’s Law of thermal radiation , a black body at temperature T Kelvin, radiates energy E per unit time per unit area such that E = σ T4 , where σ is called Stefan’s constant. The dimensions of σ are (a) M L T K
0 -3 0 -3 -4 4

(b) M L T K




(c) M L T K

(d) none of these

Q17- Dimensional formula for universal gas constant R is (a) ML3 T-2 K-2 mol-1 (b) ML2 T-3 K-2 mol-1 (c) ML2 T-2 K-1 mol-1 (d) ML2 T-2 K-1 Q18- Bulk modulus of a material has same dimension as that of pressure. Sound wave velocity in a solid , liquid or gas is function of bulk modulus B and density ρ of the medium. If the sound wave velocity = Ba ρb then (i) a =-………………… (ii) b= ………………… Q19- In a Vander wall gas equation ( P+ a /V2 ) ( V-b) = R T, the dimensions of a are (a) M L3 T-2 (b) M L2 T-2 (c) M L3 T-1 (d) M L5 T-2 Q20 – With usual notation, following equation , said to give the distance covered in the nth second i.e. Sn = u + a(2n-1)/2 is (a) numerically correct only (b) dimensionally correct only (c) both dimensionally and numerically correct (d) neither dimensionally nor numerically correct. Q21-In a new unit system say ABC, unit of mass is 4 kg and unit of length is 0.5 meters and unit of time is 2 second. Then in unit system ABC one unit of force will be equal to (a) 5 newton (b) 1 newton (c) 2 newton (d) 0.5 newton. Q22- In unit system ABC as described in previous problem, one unit of power equals to (a) 10 Watt (b) 8 watt (c) 20 Watt (d) 1 /8 watt Q23- The capacitance C of a capacitor equals ratio of the charge on the capacitor to the potential of the capacitor. Product of the resistance and the capacitance i.e. RC will have same unit as that of (a) time (b) length (c) mass (d) velocity Q24- If the energy stored in a capacitor is equal to 0.5 C V where V is the potential of the capacitor, then (i) x = ………….. (ii) y =…………….
x y

(d) none of these


Q25- Dimensional formula for viscosity η is M L -1 T-1 . If a pipe of length L , diameter D carries a viscous liquid of viscosity η at pressure difference ΔP between the ends of the pipe, and volume of the liquid flowing per unit time is Q, then if ΔP = c ηx Dy Qz L where c is a dimensionless quantity , the values of x , y and z are ………….., ……………… and ………………respectivel y. Q26- Power of a machine is 120 watt. In a new unit system 25 kg, 2 meter and 5 second are fundamental units, then what the power the machine in new unit system? (a) 150 unit (b) 25 unit (c) 1/150 unit (d) 1/25 unit Q27- Escape velocity from a planet of density ρ , radius R depends on G, ρ and R as following; v = k Ga ρb Rc where k is a dimensionless constant. Then with the help of dimensional analysis it can be concluded that (i) a =………… (ii) b =……….. (iii) c = ………. Q30- On the basis of the previous problem , find the percentage increase in the escape velocity if the planet expands to increase its volume by 3 % . (a) 1% (b) -1 % (c) 0.5% (d) -0.5%. Q31- Random errors can be minimised by (a) changing the instrument (b) changing the observer (c) increasing the number of observation Q32- Systematic error are does not include (a) instrumental error (b) biased personal error (c) unbiased personal error (d) faulty calibration of the instrument. Q33- Mark true / false against following statements: (i) Increasing the number of observations does not minimize the systematic error. (ii) changing the biased observer may reduce the systematic error. (iii) Absolute error can never be negative. Q34- Area of a square is given as (100 The side of the square is

T = 2π ( L /g)1/2. The value of L is about 10 cm and is known to 1 mm accuracy. The period of oscillation is about 0.5 s. The time of 100 oscillation is measured with a wrist watch of 1 s resolution. What is the accuracy in the determination of g? (a) 5 % (b) 3 % (c) 2 % (d) 1 % Q37- A physical quantity P is related to four observables a,b,c and d as follows: P = a3 b2 / ( d√c). The percentage errors of measurement in a , b, c and d are 1%, 3% , 4% and 2 % respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P=…………..If the value of P calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, the value to which one round off the result is ………… Q38- The resistance R = V/ I where V = (100  5) volt and I = (10  0.2) A. The percentage error in R will be (a) 3% (b) 7 % (c) 8% (d) none of these. Q39- Two rods are of lengths 3.161  0.3 cm and 1.121  0.1 cm. Their combined length is (a) 4.282  0.2 cm (c) 4.282  0.4 cm (b) 4.282 cm

(d) 4.282  0.1cm

Q40- 97 km-36.8 km (with proper significant figures) = (a) 60.km (b) 60.2 km (c) 61. km (d) none of these Q41- A substance of mass 5.74 g occupies volume of 1.2 cm3.The density ( with proper significant figures) is (a) 4.783 g/ cm3 (b) 4.78 g/ cm3 3 (c) 4.7830 g/ cm (d) 4.8 g/ cm3 Q42- Addition of 17.35 gm, 25.6 gm and 8.498 gm will result ( with proper significant figures) (a) 51.50gm (b) 51.5gm (c) 51.54 gm (d) none of these Q43- With proper significant figures, what is sum of 6.75 x 103 cm and 4.52 x 102 cm? (a) 7.20x 103 cm (c) 7.202x 103 cm (b) 7.00x 10 3 cm (d) none of these

 2 ) cm2 .

 2 ) cm (c) (10  0.2 ) cm
(a) (10 28.6  0.1 0C temperature is

(b) (10

 1 ) cm (d) (10  0.1 ) cm
the rise in the

Q44- Each side of a cube is measured to be 7.203 m. With proper significant figures, what is the total surface area? (a) 311.299 m2 (b) 311.300 m2 2 (c) 311.30 m (d) 311.3 m2 Q45- Rounded off value of 3.365 to two decimal places equals to …………… Q46- The number of significant figures in 307000.m are ……. and in 307000 are ……………..

Q35-If the temperature of a body increases from to 79.4  0.10C, then (b) 50.80C (a) 50.8  0.1 0C

(c) 50.8  0.2 0C (d) none of these Q36-The period of oscillation of a simple pendulum is


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