Active vs.

Passive Voice

Passive Voice  A sentence is written in the active voice when:   The subject of the sentence performs the action.Active vs. EXAMPLE: My grandfather took me to my first horse show. The person/thing performing the action is named before the verb. . NOT: I was taken to my first horse show by my grandfather.

Another example  Active voice: My mother taught me to fish almost before I learned to walk. .  Passive voice: I was taught to fish by my mother almost before I was taught to walk.

sentences are typically shorter and clearer. If each word costs you a nickel. They sound more conversational. you want to write concisely and in the active voice!   .Active voice sentences  When you write in the active voice.

(active) The mail is opened by the clerk. (passive) Past tense:   The clerk opened the mail. (passive) . (active) The mail was opened by the clerk.Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Present tense:   The clerk opens the mail.

(passive) . (passive) Present Perfect tense:   The clerk has opened the mail. (active) The mail has been opened by the clerk.Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Future tense:   The clerk will open the mail. (active) The mail will be opened by the clerk.

(active) The mail will have been opened by the clerk. (active) The mail had been opened by the clerk. (passive) Future Perfect tense:   The clerk will have opened the mail.Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Past Perfect tense:   The clerk had opened the mail. (passive) .

Scientific writing is a good example of passive voice writing. you are emphasizing the object of the sentence rather than the subject.  .Passive voice is acceptable …  When you choose to write in the passive voice.

The skin is folded back and secured with clamps. $2. Next. right top to bottom left.Passive voice   The three-inch incision is made right above the pubic bone. the stomach muscle is cut at a fifteen-degree angle. Plastic clips are used to clamp off blood vessels and minimize bleeding.40 .

he cuts the stomach muscle at a fifteen-degree angle.Active voice   The doctor makes a three-inch incision right above the pubic bone. right top to bottom left. $2. Next. He folds back the skin and secures it with clamps. He uses plastic clips to clamp off the blood vessels and minimize bleeding.55 .

Passive voice acceptable …  If that agent of action (the individual doing the action) is unknown or needs to remain a secret:   It was reported that … Unizan Bank was robbed … News writers protect sources this way. . They also may not know who committed the action.

Passive voice acceptable    Sometimes. a passive voice sentence will be shorter than an active voice.90) . If it helps clarify the sentence by writing in the passive voice.70) Active: The designers of the study told the interviewer to give interviewees an electric shock each time they smiled! ($ . you may choose this option. Passive: The interviewer was told to give interviewees an electric shock each time they smiled! ($ .