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A mini project submitted in partial fulfilment of requirement of Degree of Bachelor of Technology
A.Gnandeep Reddy K.Gopi Vasanth Kumar K.Varun Chowdary J.Kowsik Sasthre
Department Of ECE K L University Vaddeswaram, Guntur District NOV 2012
In partial fulfilment for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology in ECE to the K L University is a record of benefited work carried out by them under my guidance and supervision. Gnandeep Reddy J. GROUP MEMBERS A. Habibulla Khan INTERNAL GUIDE Abhishek Anchal ii . Gopi Vasanth Kumar 11004312 HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT Dr. Varun Chowdary 11004311 11004325 11004367 K. The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any Degree or Diploma. Kowsik Sasthre K.Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled “WATER LEVEL INDICATOR WITH NUMERIC DISPLAY” being submitted by students mentioned below.
Professor and Dr G.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We are happy to take this opportunity to thank to people who helped us in the making of our project. and Dr. Asst. We thank our Project Guide. We are also grateful to and all other teachers of Electronics & Communication Engineering Department for their invaluable teaching. Anand Kumar. for providing us with adequate facilities. help and support without which the successful completion of this project would not have been possible. ways and means by which we were able to complete this project. A. We acknowledge the influence and inspiration of Rajnish Kumar. we thank God almighty for making our endeavour a success. At the outset. We also express our gratitude to our beloved principal Dr. Abhishek Anchal. Professor in Electronics & Communication Engineering for assisting us in variable ways. Asst. Habibulla Khan Head of the Department. SUMATI who made the entire project an exciting and enjoyable experience. iii .
0 respectively. He can become alert by the numbers on the seven segment display. mid levels and empty. Here we have we have used seven wires which indicate seven different levels that are full. 6. 4. The ground potential is at the lowest level of the water tank. 5. The low. 2. mid levels and full level are indicated on seven segment displays 7. If water rises then respective number will be displayed.ABSTRACT Water level indicator is an electronic device which senses water level inside the water tank and indicates the level on the seven segment display This uses the conducting nature of water as tap water is good conductor of electricity. 3. User can see present level of water on seven segment display. 1. iv .
2 WORKING OF CIRCUIT 3 3 3 3. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 8 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY 11 v . COMPONENT AND THEIR DESCRIPTION 5 3. RESULT AND CONCLUSION 9 6.CONTENT CERTIFICATE ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii ABSTRACT iv LIST OF FIGURES vi 1. INTRODUCTION 1 2.1 Seven Segment Display 7 4.1 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 2. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM AND ITS WORKING 2.
LIST OF FIGURES Figure Figure1 Figure2 Figure3 Figure4 Figure6.1 Title Circuit Diagram IC74148 IC 7447 Seven Segment Display Assembled circuit on breadboard P. 3 5 6 7 9 9 Figure6.N.2(a) &(b) Display output for various level of water vi .
Indicates that water has increased to a level more than 3. We have used here a seven segment display which gives an indication to the user by showing*: 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Indicates the tank is empty. there is large loss of water due to laziness of people. INTRODUCTION Now a day. Indicates that water has increased to a level more than 4. Indicates that water is going to reach its maximum level. Indicates that water has increased to a level more than 5. Indicates that water has increased to a level more than 6. 1 . Indicates the very few amount of water is present in tank. we connect a circuit to water tank with wires inside water to indicate the level up to which water is filled.1. whenever water is being used or filled inside the tank at home offices or at any place. We present here a very simple remedy for providing water level. In this.
This requires less power and is very economical. 2 .0 Indicates the tank is full. * These levels depend on the markings made by the user. This reduces the human effort. Manual checking of water level inside the tank is not required.
Circuit uses seven wires to sense the different water levels 3 . 6. The circuit shows the water levels by displaying 7. 1. 3. Circuit Diagram of Water Level Indicator with Numeric Display 2. and 0. 1.2 WORKING OF CIRCUIT This circuit works mainly on conducting nature of water and uses 7-segment display. CIRCUIT AND ITS WORKING 2. to indicate the different water levels in the tank. 5. 2. 4. 1 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM Fig.2.
it outputs a high voltage. for a low voltage at the input pin of the IC74148 gate. a low voltage is available at the input pins of the gate and it outputs a low voltage. When the tank is empty. These inputs are decoded and the corresponding outputs are given to a seven segment display which displays the water level. So it outputs a high voltage as a result of which there is a display 7 in the seven segment display. As water starts filling the tank. there is a low voltage at the corresponding input pins of gate. When the water reaches to maximum level then all the input pins of the gate is at the low voltage. When the water in the tank rises to touch the marked levels. Similarly. it outputs a low voltage. 4 .in the tank. The corresponding inputs produce corresponding outputs which in turn are given to IC7447 which is a decoder IC. When there is a high voltage at the input pin of the IC74148 gate. the input pins of IC 74148 are pulled high via a 10KΩ resistor. A wire is dipped into the tank which is grounded.
Seven segment display IC 74148 Fig. An encoder has (or fewer) input lines and n output lines. IC 74148 4. Resistors (10kΩ x8. IC 7447 5. 2 IC74148 Pin Diagram This is an encoder IC which encodes 8-datalines to 3-line binary. 100Ω x1) 3. 5 . The output lines generate the binary code corresponding to the input value. Power supply 2.3. COMPONENTS AND THEIR DESCRIPTION Components required for this circuit are: 1. An encoder is a digital circuit that performs the inverse operation of a decoder.
6 . IC 7447 Fig.This can also be used in the N bit encoding and in some code generators and code convertors. 3 IC7447 Pin Diagram IC 7447 is a BCD to 7 segment decoder with active low outputs. BI stands for Blanking Input. When is low all the segments on the 7-segment display are lit regardless of A3 A2 A1 A0 . When BI is low the display is blank so all the segments on the 7segment display are off regardless of A3 A2 A1 A0 . LT stands for Lamp Test. It accepts the BCD code and provides outputs to energize seven segment display devices in order to produce a decimal read out.
To use with more than one display connect (Ripple Blanking Output) from most significant 7447 to the next 7447.RBI stands for Ripple Blanking Input. 3. These elements are labelled a-g. 4 Seven-Segment Display Depend on which elements are turned on. they display decimal numerals 0 through 9. This is used to remove leading zeroes from a number (e. display 89 instead of 089). When RBI is low and A3 A2 A1 A0 =0000 the display is blank otherwise the number is displayed on the display.1 Seven Segment Display The seven-segment display consists of seven elements that are made of either LEDs or LCDs.g. Fig. 7 .
4. It can be employed anywhere. Water should be conducting then only the circuit works. It requires less power and easy in handling. 8 . Disadvantages: The circuit can’t stop overflow of water. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Advantages: The circuit is very economical.
1 below: The final assembled circuit is shown in the Fig. figure 6.1 Assembled circuit on breadboard Fig. 6.1 and tested the circuit for the various level of water.5. 6.2 (a) & (b) display output for various level of water 9 . RESULT AND CONCLUSION We have assembled the components on breadboard as per our design mentioned in 2.
So. because of temporary wiring of circuit on breadboard. 10 . we can improve the reliability and easy handling of our circuit by making it on PCB. There were few minor difficulties we experienced. Further.Figure 6. we successfully designed.2 shows the display corresponding to different level of water. assembled and demonstrated the working of our circuit.
PHI publication. A. Page337344.wisc-online.com 2.wikipedia. Chapter 7.circuitsgallery. www. June 2012 11 . www.com Texted Reference 1. BIBLIOGRAPHY Website Reference 1. Anand Kumar.6.org 3. www. “Fundamentals of Digital Circuits”.