Explore the Parts of a Computer

Inner Parts Outer Parts
INT - 100

Memory and Bios INT . Drives.Click on the parts of the computer to learn more. Click when the pointer arrow changes to a . Video Card. Team Players Modem.100 . Ports. CPU Power Supply. Motherboard.

– The chip shown below can process up to 2.100 . the quicker the information processed. which is the heart of your computer.CPU (Microprocessor) • I am the Central Processing Unit. • The clock speed of the microprocessor in now measured in gigahertz (GHz). – The higher the number. • I am actually a very small chip on the motherboard. I do all the thinking for the computer and process all the information to be turned into files on your computer.80 GHz. INT .

INT . • I am measured in megabytes (MBs). so it is important to save any work you want to keep. • The chip to the right is a 128 MB chip. • The information in me goes away once the computer is turned off. • I am a determining factor in how fast your applications or software run. – The more I have.RAM (Random-Access Memory) • I temporarily store data so that it can be accessed directly and randomly. the more I can remember.100 .

Ports Ports are located on the outside of a computer and ports are where you plug in other hardware. On the inside of the case they are connected to the expansion cards. Printer Keyboard & Mouse Scanner (USB) Monitor or LCD INT . Today.100 . most new computers use USB ports.

100 . • The most common types of us are 3 ½ floppy Disk and CD-ROM. which can read and write CDs and DVD. – 3 ½ floppy drives read and write small amounts of data (up to 1. which holds even more information than CD drives.Drives • We are normally located in the case but we can also be external to the computer.44 MB) – CD-ROM disks store up to 800 MB of information • Newer types of us that can be found today are CD-RW. INT .

INT . with each pixel capable of being displayed in one of several millions of colors.100 . • I am sometimes referred to as a graphics card. • I vary in the resolution (number of pixels) and number of colors I can display. – Typically I will show at least 800 pixels (points on the screen) wide by 600 pixels high. – Older cards operate at 640X480 pixels using only 256 colors.Video Card • I am the part of the computer that is in charge of controlling your video display.

are the most commonly used INT .Power Supply • I supply the fuel (power).100 . for the computer. • I come in a variety of wattages. – 200 watt and 250 watt. – supply power to the motherboard and the drives • I contain a fan that helps assist in the task of cooling the computer.

• I am what converts the computer's digital data. INT . does not necessarily mean that I will be able to send and receive at this speed.100 .000 bits per second). if not most.Modem • Notice that I have my own speaker. Phone lines and your internet provider also play a big part in how fast your computer can receive and send information via the internet.8k. into analog waves. When you connect to the internet and hear me dialing. it is this speaker that you hear the sound coming from. so that the data can travel through the phone lines to another computer. Many. phone lines are only capable of transmitting at 28. – Just because a modem is rated at 56K (56. • I am rated by how many bits per second I can transmit and receive data.

Motherboard • I am the part of the computer that is like the blood vessels inside the human body. Each is labeled to show which component it connects to. the motherboard uses tiny electrical paths to connect each component of the computer. which is where the computer's settings are stored and changed. and connectors. INT . which connect to all the vital organs.100 . you can see most of the connecting slots. – Instead of blood vessels. ports. • In the picture above. • One important part on me is the BIOS.

INT . • I am the program which wakes the computer up when you turn it on and reminds itself what parts it has and what each part is supposed to do. I turn the computer over to your operating system. the I am what is in charge.BIOS • I stand for Basic Input/Output System. • When the computer is first turned on (booted). • I am normally stored in an EPROM chip (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) – The BIOS chip contains enough information to operate the computer by itself without any disks or even a hard drive.100 . • After booting and performing a few system checks.

monitor.Click on the parts of the computer to learn more. and case INT . Click when the pointer arrow changes to a . mouse. keyboard. Team Players peripherals.100 .

• I have two basic types for two different motherboard types • I come in several different sizes and shapes – Desktop type which lies flat – Mid Tower – Full Tower INT .100 .Computer Case • I protect all the electronic components inside the computer • I must provide adequate ventilation to prevent overheating • I need to be capable of allowing you to expand your hardware if the need arises.

INT .Mouse and Keyboard • We are the main input devices on a personal computer. • We allow you to interact with the computer.100 . • Everything you do on a computer must be done through us.

• We are separate components that enhance a computer's effect or ability. – Speakers generate the digital and acoustic sounds that are bits of information on a computer. – Among these would be speakers. INT . scanners. hubs. servers. printers. or even sub woofers.100 . printers. speakers. • Now a days. external modems. and even scanners come with many computer packages. microphones.Peripherals • We are "extras" on things such as computers.

INT .Monitor • I am the computer part that allows you to see what you’re doing.100 . • I have really come a long way in the past couple of years (along with the rest of technology). – Some variations of me are centimeters thick and have about a 20" viewing screen. Without me your computer would be virtually useless. and screenadjusting controls. Also. degauss. • I also have a variety of built in functions such as low-power standby. the prices of me will drop. • Due to the development of new technologies you will soon see larger viewing screens and smaller widths.

Scanner There are a variety of scanners. Power plug Serial port USB plug INT . Each come with their own software program. They are usually connected to either a Serial port or a USB port.100 .

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