MISSION PROFILES AND MODES OF ATTACK

MSN PROFILE
• HEIGHT OF THE AC IN VARIOUS PHASES OF ROUTING FOR A MISSON. • FACTORS
– – – – – ROA OF AC VIS-À-VIS TGT DIST FROM BASE EN RDR COVER EN AIR OPPOSITION ( TGT DEF ?) WEATHER TERRAIN

MSN PROFILES
LO-LO-LO LO-LO-HI HI-LO-HI HI-HI-HI.
PHASE-III

PHASE-I PHASE-II

MODE OF ATTACK

MSN PROFILES FACTORS DISCUSSED ABOUT EACH PROFILE:WHEN ADOPTED IMPLICATIONS ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES • • • • .

LO-LO-LO PROFILE • ENEMY GAP FREE RADAR COVER • HEAVY AIR OPPOSITION • HIGH FUEL CONSUMPTION AT LOW LEVEL. • REDUCES ROA OF AC .

LO-LO-HI PROFILE • TO INCREASE THE RANGE OF AC • BENEFITS OF REDUCED EARLY WARNING TO ENEMY MAINTAINED .

HI-LO-HI PROFILE • WHEN OWN BASE IN DEPTH • AT IB. . OR APPROPRIATE PLACE • FURTHER INCREASE IN ROA OF AC. AC DESCENDS TO LOW LEVEL • AFTER GETAWAY EASES UP AGAIN AT IB. OR BEFORE ENTERING ENEMY RADAR COVER.

HI-HI-HI PROFILE • WHEN CHOOSING TO IGNORE ENEMY EARLY WARNING SET UP • ONLY AIRBORNE AD THREAT NEEDS TO BE CATERED FOR • STRIKE AC CAPABLE OF OWN DEFENCE AND HAVE ADEQUATE AD ESCORTS • EXAMPLE:.MISSON OF SU-30 ESCORTED BY SU-30 /MIRAGE 2000/MIG-29. .

MODES OF ATTACK .

MODES OF ATTACK • LAY DOWN ATTACK (LDA) • LOW LEVEL OFFSET POINT(LLOP) LDA/ MLOP-LDA • DIVE ATTACK (PUA) • STEEP DIVE ATTACK • LOFT/TOSS ATTACK • DIVE TOSS ATTACK • STAND OFF ATTACK .

ASPECTS DISCUSSED WHEN USED ATTACK PARAMETERS IMPLICATIONS ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES .

LDA(LAY DOWN ATTACK) 30-300M WHEN TGT HEAVILY DEFENDED RETARDER BOMBS OR SPL WPNS AC SPEED 225 M/S TO 3OOM/S .

LOW LEVEL ATTACK WITH NAPALM/ CLUSTER/ RETARDER/MULTIPURPOSE BOMBS 225-300M/S RELEASE PT HT 30 TO 300M 500-700 M .

RELATIVELY LESS REACTION TIME FOR TERMINAL DEFENCE • DISADVANTAGES – HIGH COCKPIT WORKLOAD FOR THE PILOT – DELAYED TARGET ACQUISITION – FLIGHT WITHIN RANGE OF TERMINAL AD WEAPONS – PREDICTABLE FLIGHT PATH. .• ADVANTAGES – DELAYED DETECTION BY GROUND BASED AD RADARS – ACCURATE WEAPON DELIVERY – HIGH SPEED ATTACK.

ROLLS INTO DIVE.DIVE ATTACK • CARRIED OUT AGAINST HIGHLY DEFENDED TARGETS • INITIALLY.20 DEG/ TRAILING BY 2.NO 1 MAKES CONTACT.5 . FOR SINGLE TGT SEPARATION IN DIRECTION IS 15.20' SECs .3 KM . • NO 2 DIVES AFTER 15'.

• DISTANCE OF PULL UP POINT FROM TARGET VARIES DEPENDING UPON WEAPON AND TYPE OF AC . AC SPEED SAME AS IN A DIVE ATTACK.DIVE ATTACK (PUA) • LOW LEVEL TILL PULL UP PT (PUP) • THEREAFTER PULL UP TO THE REQUIRED HEIGHT AND ATTACK THE TARGET IN A STEADY DIVE • DIVE ANGLE OF 15 TO 30 DEG • PARAMETERS SUCH AS STARTING HEIGHT. DIVE ANGLE. WEAPON RELEASE RANGE.

DIVE/PULL UP ATTACK 270-300 M/S 1.5-2.5 KM RANGE 1000-1600M 200M 15-30 DEG 500M .

DIVE/PULL UP ATTACK 15-30 DEG .

.DIVE ATTACK (PUA) • AC VULNERABLE TO TERMINAL DEFENCES FROM THE TIME IT PULLS UP TILL PULL OUT FROM ATTACK • DIVE ATTACK CARRIED OUT AGAINST LIGHTLY DEFENDED TARGETS • ACCURATE TYPE OF ATTACK.

• ADVANTAGES – LOW LEVEL INGRESS DELAYS RADAR DETECTION – NAVIGATION INACCURACIES CATERED FOR WHILE DIVING ON TO THE TARGET – ACCURATE WEAPON DELIVERY – EFFECTIVE AGAINST RADAR CONTROLED AD GUN SYSTEMS • DISADVANTAGES – PREDICTABLE FLIGHT PATH WHILE DIVING – AC EXPOSED TO AD WEAPON SYSTEMS WHILE DIVING. .

5 TO 4 KM • AC PULLS OUT OF DIVE BY 3 KM HT • GET AWAY AS PER MISSON PROFILE . CLIMB TO A HT OF 6-8 KM • AC ATTACKS THE TARGET IN STEEP DIVE ANGLE OF 45 DEG OR 60 DEG • WEAPON RELEASED AT 3.STEEP DIVE ATTACK • CARRIED OUT TO REMAIN OUTSIDE THE RANGEG OF TERMINAL DEFENCES • AC PULLS UP AT A DISTANCE OF 10 -20 KM.

LOFT/TOSS ATTACK • CARRIED OUT AGAINST HEAVILY DEFENDED TARGETS • AC APPROACHES THE TARGET AREA AT LOW LEVEL. AT PRE DETERMINED POINT PULLS UP TO 30 DEG-45 DEG • LOFTS THE BOMB • IDEAL TRAJECTORY AT 45 DEG .

• BOMB ON RELEASE FOLLOWS A TRAJECTORY DEPENDING UPON SPEED /HEIGHT OF AC AND ANGLE OF TOSS • AC DOES NOT APPROACH TARGET ANY CLOSER THAN 6-7 KM • ENSURES AC SAFE FROM TARGET DEFENCES • NOT ACCURATE • USED AGAINST AREA TGTS. .

RELEASE THEIR WEAPON AND TURN SYNCHRONOUSLY EITHER LEFT OR RIGHT ONTO RECIPROCAL DIRECTIONS • RECOVERY OF OWN AC INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY .TOSS/LOFT ATTACK • BOTH AC PULL UP SIMULTANEOUSLY.

DIVE TOSS ATTACK PULL OUT BOMB TOSSED DIVE BOMB TRAJECTORY IF RELEASED LOS (INSUFFICIENT GRAVITY DROP ALLOWANCE) TARGET .

• USED AGAINST AREA TARGETS AT NIGHT/ BAD WEATHER/ CAMOUFLAGED TARGETS • LLOP-LDA AND TOSS ATTACK COMBINATION ! . AUTO WEAPON RELEASE TAKES PLACE.LOW LEVEL OFFSET POINT (LLOP) LDA/ MLOP-LDA • SIX DIGIT CO-ORDINATES OF TARGET AND OFFSET POINT FED IN ATTACK COMPUTER • PILOT OVERFLIES OFFSET(REFERENCE) POINT TO UPDATE INPUT • PILOT(AUTO PILOT) FLIES DESIGNATED COURSE .

TV /LLTV.STAND OFF ATTACK • CARRIED OUT FROM A DISTANCE • TO REMAIN OUTSIDE THE EFFECTIVE RANGE OF TARGET DEFENCES • WEAPON USED ARE PGM GUIDED BY LASER. .FLIR • STAND OFF DISTANCE DEPENDS UPON THE TYPE OF WEAPON AND GUIDANCE SYSTEM USED.

.

ALARM .

SELF DESIGNATION INDEP DESIGNATOR .

INDIRECT FIRE .

PATTERNS OF ATTACK GEOMETRY – SIMULTANEOUS/NEAR SIMULTANEOUS ATTACK – MULTI DIRECTION SATURATION RAID – SINGLE DIRECTION / CORRIDOR RAID – 45 DEG/1 80 DEG TIP IN ATTACK .

g.SIMULTANEOUS/NEAR SIMULTANEOUS ATTACK • RESORTED TO FOR AREA TGT WHERE IN BOTH AC ADEQUATELY SEPARATED e. RUNWAY/ TAXI TRACK • BOTH AC AIM FOR RESPECTIVE DMPI'S AND DELIVER WEAPONS INDIVIDUALLY • LATERAL AND LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION BETWEEN TWO AC DEPENDS UPON RUNWAY ORIENTATION VIV-A-VIS AND ATTACK DIRECTION .

ATTACK GEOMETRY •AC ALWAYS OP IN PAIRS •CATERS FOR SAFETY FROM RICHOCHET OF WPNS OF OTHER AC •CATER FOR TGT DEF .

45 DEG TIP IN ATTACK • RESORTED TO AGAINST POINT TARGETS • INCREASED REACTION TIME TO NO 2 FOR TARGET ACQUISITION AND ALIGNMENT • NO 2 CAN USE LEADER’S WEAPON IMPACT POINT AS REFERENCE TO PICKUP AND LAUNCH AT THE TARGET .

45 DEG TIP IN ATTACK .

ATTACK PROFILES Armt/ Speed Starting Ht Dive Angle Ht of Wpn Slant Mode (m/s) (m) (Deg) Release Rg to WRP (m) (m) Rkts 270-300 1.5 Km 30 S dive ----..5 Km 15-20 500 1200 Unguided Bombs Dive 270-300 2.5Km 30-150 1400 4.5-6 Km 600-800 .---.5-3.6-8 Km 45-60 Level 300-325 30-150 (Napalm/Cluster/ Retarder/Multipurpose) 800 4.

Armt/ Speed Wpn (m/s) Starting Ht Dive Angle Ht of Wpn Horizontal (m) (Deg) Release (m) Rg to WRP (m) Guided 300-325 AS REQD Bombs ASM 300-325 -----..----- N/A N/A 4 -10 Kms N/A N/A 4 -15 Kms (**) 6 -8 Kms TOSS 300-325 -----.IN EXCESS OF 100s OF Km FOR SOME AGMs. .45 DEG PITCH N/A ATTK AAH 60-100 NOE N/A NOE( LOS ) 3-4 Km (Msl) 1200 m (Rkt) (**) DEPENDS UPON WEAPON CHARACTERISTICS..----.

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