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Spur Gear Gear Formulas Drive Selection Horsepower and Torque Tables

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G-79

Check maximum bore capacity of selected Gears. Check Horsepower capacity of Large Gear. Find out these ﬁve necessary things: a. the following steps must be taken: I. Check Selected pitch for necessary Pitch Diameters. G-80 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX . VI. Ratio and speeds c. Service factor (from page G-84) d. Select Pitch from Horsepower tables on pages G-25 — G-27.MARTINSPROCKET. Actual horsepower e.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. VIII. Determine Pitch Diameters using the formulas: PD1 = CD x 2 Ratio + 1 PD2 = PD1 x Ratio Where: PD1 = Pitch Diameter of Pinion (small gear) PD2 = Pitch Diameter of Gear (large gear) CD = Center Distance IV. Determine Design Horsepower using formula: DHP = HP x SF Where: DHP = Design Horsepower HP = Actual Horsepower SF = Service Factor (from page G-84) III. VII. Check the Center Distance: CD = PD1 + PD2 2 V. Exact center distance in inches b.COM Gear Selection Stock Spur Gear Drive Selection When designing a stock gear drive using the horsepower tables in Catalog 2001. Bore sizes of both gears II.

FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. Service factor (from page G-84) d. When using the above formula make sure to use the proper speed (RPM) with the proper pitch diameter.5 (1200 + V) Where: DP = Diametral Pitch S = Safe Static Stress per Square Inch of material (see table one. 13⁄4 DP.COM Gear Selection Spur Gear Drive Selection II (Other Than Stock) When designing a gear drive when horsepower and speeds exceed the stock gear tables on pages G-25 — G-27. Exact center distance in inches b. Determine number of teeth on both gears: N = PD x DP Where: N = Number of teeth PD = Pitch Diameter of gear DP = Diametral Pitch of gear IV. Bore sizes of both gears V. Determine Design Horsepower using formula: V = Velocity in FPM DHP = HP x SF DHP = Design Horsepower Where: DHP = Design Horsepower Note: HP = Actual Horsepower SF = Service Factor (from page G-84) To round off answers. Actual horsepower e.262 x PD x RPM Where: V = Velocity in feet per minute @ pitch line PD = Pitch Diameter RPM = Revolutions per minute of either gear* NOTE: Velocities of both gears will always be the same. 21⁄2 DP) III. the following steps must be taken: I.1416 x S x 3 x V x . go to the nearest DP (standard DP’s larger than 3 DP are: 1 DP. SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-81 . Ratio and speeds c. Determine Pitch Diameters using the formulas: PD1 = CD x 2 Ratio + 1 PD2 = PD1 x Ratio Where: PD1 = Pitch Diameter of Pinion (small gear) PD2 = Pitch Diameter of Gear (large gear) CD = Center Distance VI. Determine approximate pitch using the formula: DP = 3. 2 DP. page G-84) II. Determine velocity using the formula: V = .25 DHP x 27.MARTINSPROCKET. 11⁄4 DP. 11⁄2 DP. We must obtain all of the following data: a.

ﬁnd the pitch diameter of the larger gear. ﬁrst ﬁgure out the pitch diameter of the pinion (smaller gear) using the formula: PD1 = CD x 2 Ratio + 1 Where: PD1 = Pitch Diameter of the Pinion CD = Center Distance PD2 = PD1 x Ratio Then check the center distance by using the formula: CD = PD1 x PD2 2 Then. Increase face C. page G-84) Y = Outline formula from Table 2. Where: F = Face Width DP = Diametral Pitch Note: V = Velocity in FPM S = Safe Static Stress per Square Inch of material (Table 1. Increase pitch Center Distance. If the horsepower capacity is below the design horsepower.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. by using the formula: G-82 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX . Harden pinion (check gear HP capacity ﬁrst) B. we must ﬁnd two basic things: 1. Pitch Diameters and Ratios of Spur Gears To determine the pitch diameters of a gear set. Required center distance Knowing this.000 Where: L = SYF x 600 DP 600 + V From horsepower formulas on page G-83. PD2. page G-84 Note: To round off each answer. Check HP rating of selected pinion using the formula: ( ( ) ) HP = LV 33. Determine Face Width: F = DP DHP x 33.000 V 600 SY 600 + V VIII. the following options can be taken: A.MARTINSPROCKET.COM Gear Selection Spur Gear Drive Selection II (Other Than Stock) VII. go to the next one inch. Required ratio 2.

MARTINSPROCKET.25 200 + V ) SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-83 .FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. L= * Apply SERVICE FACTOR (table three) for required horsepower. two and three Engineering Data Lewis Formula (with Barth Revision) L = Load in pounds at pitch line S = Safe static stress per square inch of material (see table one) DP = Diametral Pitch F = Face width of gear Y = Strength factor based on Pressure Angle and Number of Teeth (See table two) V = Velocity in feet per minute V = .262 x PD x RPM PD = Pitch Diameter RPM = Revolutions Per Minute HP = Horsepower Maximum allowable torque (T) that should be imposed on a gear will be the safe tooth load (L) multiplied by DP or T = L x PD 2 2 The safe Horsepower capacity of the gear (at a given RPM) T x RPM can be calculated from HP = 63. the modiﬁed Lewis Formula shown below may be used with (S) values of 6000 PSI for Phenolic Laminated material. SFY DP ( 150 + . T = For NON-METALLIC GEARS.025 or directly from (L) and (V): L = SFY x 600 DP 600 + V *HP = LV 33.COM Gear Standards Horsepower Formulas See page G-84 for tables one.000 63025 x HP RPM For a known HP.

436 .176 .296 .375 .MARTINSPROCKET.201 .320 .326 .A.264 .327 .390 .00 1.355 .289 .80 1.277 .344 .389 .235 .333 .302 .308 .295 .COM Gear Standards Table One (S) Average values in pounds per square inch Material S Steel — . Involute 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 .20 Carbon Steel — .A.363 .210 .336 .421 .346 .00 1.446 . Involute 20 P.264 .A.373 . Involute 20 P. Involute Number of Teeth 141⁄2 P.283 .366 .276 .00 G-84 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .399 .458 .408 .484 Table Three Service factors Multiply required horsepower by service factor recommended for type of service Type of Load Intermittent or 3 Hours per Day 8-10 Hours per Day Continuous 24 Hours per Day UNIFORM LIGHT SHOCK MEDIUM SHOCK HEAVY SHOCK .40 Carbon Heat Treated Cast Iron Bronze Non-Metallic 25000 20000 35000 12000 10000 6000 Table Two Outline factor Y for use with Diametral Pitch Number of Teeth 141⁄2 P.442 .FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.50 1.314 .80 1.340 26 28 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 150 200 RACK .314 .360 .40 Carbon — .50 1.429 .223 .80 2.305 .25 1.245 .368 .340 .25 1.352 .A.337 .308 .302 .25 1.463 .245 .226 .192 .292 .318 .50 1.255 .378 .330 .358 .270 .289 .

FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.MARTINSPROCKET.COM Spur Gear Dimensional Formulas Diametral Pitch Rules and Formulas For Spur Gear Calculations Diametral Pitch Diametral Pitch is the Number of Teeth to Each Inch of the Pitch Diameter.1416 by the Circular Pitch Divide the Number of Teeth by Pitch Diameter Divide the Number of Teeth plus 2 by Outside Diameter Divide Number of Teeth by the Diametral Pitch Divide the product of Outside Diameter and Number of Teeth by Number of Teeth plus 2 Subtract from the Outside Diameter the Quotient of 2 Divided by the Diametral Pitch Multiply Addendum by the Number of Teeth Divide number of Teeth plus 2 by the Diametral Pitch Add to the Pitch Diameter the quotient of 2 divided by the Diametral Pitch Divide the Number of Teeth plus 2 by the quotient of Number of Teeth divided by Pitch Diameter Multiply the Number of Teeth plus 2 by Addendum Multiply the Pitch Diameter by the Diametral Pitch Multiply Outside Diameter by the Diametral Pitch and subtract 2 Divide 1. Equal Addendum Gears. To Find Having Rule Formula The Diametrical Pitch The Diametrical Pitch The Diametrical Pitch Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Diameter Outside Diameter Outside Diameter Outside Diameter Number of Teeth Number of Teeth Thickness of Tooth Addendum Dedendum Working Depth Whole Depth Clearance Clearance The Circular Pitch The Pitch Diameter and the Number of Teeth The Outside Diameter and Number of Teeth The Number of Teeth and the Diametral Pitch The Number of Teeth and Outside Diameter The Outside Diameter and the Diametral Pitch Addendum and the Number of Teeth The Number of Teeth and the Diametral Pitch The Pitch Diameter and the Diametral Pitch The Pitch Diameter and the Number of Teeth The Number of Teeth and Addendum The Pitch Diameter and the Diametral Pitch The Outside Diameter and the Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch The Diametral Pitch Thickness of Tooth Divide 3.157 P L= t 10 NOTE: Rules and Formulas Relating to Tooth Depth and Outside Diameter Apply to Full-Depth.157 by the Diametral Pitch Divide Thickness of Tooth at Pitch Line by 10 DP = 3.157 D″ = P L = .5708 P A=1 P 1.1416 CP DP = N D′ DP = N+2 D N D′ = P D′ = DN N+2 D′ = D 2 P D′ = sN D = N+2 P D = D′ + 2 P N+2 D= N÷D′ D = (N+2)s N = D′P N = DP .157 by the Diametral Pitch Divide .5708 by the Diametral Pitch Divide 1 by the Diametral Pitch or A = D′ N Divide 1.157 A+L = P WD = 2 P 2.157 by the Diametral Pitch Divide 2 by the Diametral Pitch Divide 2. SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-85 .2 t = 1.

2157 0.8467 .7714 0.1416 2.0289 4.MARTINSPROCKET.COM Diametral Pitch Tooth Dimensions Dimensions of Standard Full-depth Teeth Diametral Pitches and Equivalent Circular Pitches Diametral Pitch Circular Pitch Module Arc Thickness of Tooth on Pitch Line Addendum Working Depth of Tooth Dedendum or Depth of Space Below Pitch Line Whole Depth of Tooth* ⁄2 ⁄4 1 1-1⁄4 1-1⁄2 1-3⁄4 2 2-1⁄4 2-1⁄2 2-3⁄4 3 3-1⁄2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 1 3 6.6163 0.3306 0.5708 1.3142 0.1111 0.0714 0.7 11.3142 2.4000 0. Shaper cut teeth may be slightly larger.0944 1.3142 1.7952 1.0385 0.0579 0.0357 0.7273 0.0785 0.0890 0.0472 0.7471 .1538 0.7056 .2571 6.3368 1.5712 0.8976 0.3491 0.8222 2.0312 0.1429 0.1122 0.0769 0.4208 0.0362 0.8667 25.635 3.0539 *NOTE: Dimensions listed are for HOB CUT TEETH ONLY.3595 0.4628 0.0719 0.1052 0.0340 0.7854 0.1208 0.8976 0.5236 0.1571 0.5393 0.1079 0.1888 3.2500 0.2566 1.0826 0.5000 0.0250 4.9257 0.9071 .0561 0.2397 0. All Gears In Stock Are Diametral Pitch G-86 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .0643 0.0417 0.0393 2.2244 0.1047 0.1348 0.5236 0.0873 0.1208 0.5143 12.8761 2.6612 0.0666 0.0500 0.1309 0.1135 0.1250 0.0294 0.6666 2.0588 0.0771 0.8628 0.0625 0.0833 0.9538 1.1653 0.3857 0.0674 0.2856 0.2333 3.0909 0.0526 0.0625 0.2364 8.4444 0.2566 1.1000 0.0526 0.1053 0.5714 0.0654 0.2893 0.1818 0.8888 0.7257 1.1250 0.6286 3.6283 0.0500 2.2857 0.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.3142 0.2222 0.1047 0.0386 0.1429 0.0000 1.2094 0.0924 0.0681 0.0555 0.175 2.1424 1.1745 0.0436 0.9769 .0980 0.8000 0.0482 0.4000 0.1428 0.0000 1.6666 0.9587 0.1167 1.2889 10.1928 0.0583 .7844 0.0770 0.9333 14.1745 0.2500 0.0964 0.0982 0.0472 0.1309 0.0568 0.6933 1.1571 1.1798 0.0462 0.7190 0.54 2.1541 0.1963 0.1416 2.0714 0.0263 0.5785 0.0555 0.2326 1.6684 .0604 0.1666 0.0898 0.0827 0.3333 0.4 20.0827 0.0909 0.3927 0.0321 0.6666 0.0000 0.3636 0.1963 0.0413 0.1848 0.4488 0.0944 1.1571 0.1111 0.2618 0.1122 0.1961 0.1446 0.0524 0.5000 0.1429 1.1428 0.5133 2.3963 1.0000 0.0588 0.0785 50.1659 0.1286 0.8000 0.1157 0.0000 2.2000 0.0278 0.1571 0.6283 0.1000 0.5428 1.0304 0.0445 0.0924 0.5708 1.27 1.1653 0.1176 0.4314 0.0873 0.0333 0.5143 0.4111 1.8 33.5875 1.1198 0.0982 0.0491 0.6000 1.3081 0.0609 0.32 16.1438 0.2618 0.0413 0.0455 0.2417 0.2696 0.0526 0.3333 0.5714 0. Consult factory for exact measurement.1269 0.3927 0.2832 4.3333 1.1666 0.3333 1.2314 0.0769 0.4941 1.3091 2.4667 7.0666 0.1333 0.0833 0.0634 0.08 4.2244 0.7854 0.4381 1.0723 0.0829 0.4488 0.7938 .35 5.2000 0.8143 1.16 9.6981 0.0599 0.1545 1.0714 0.2857 0.0785 0.

3183 or s = D′ N Multiply the Circular Pitch by .1416 by the Circular Pitch One-half the Circular Pitch Multiply the Circular Pitch by .3183 Divide the product of Number of Teeth and Outside Diameter by Number of Teeth plus 2 Subtract from the Outside Diameter the product of the Circular Pitch and .3683 Multiply the Circular Pitch by .3183 and Number of Teeth plus 2 The continued product of the Number of Teeth.6366) D = A (N + 2) N = PD 3.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.3683 WD = C′ .3183 N + 2 D′ = NC′ . Measured Along the Pitch Circle.05 One-Tenth theThickness of Tooth at Pitch Line C′ = 3.6366 Multiply the Circular Pitch by .3183N OD C′ = .3183 D = N × OD N+2 D′ = OD – (C′ .1416 C′ t = C′ 2 A = C′.6366 D″ = C′ .3183 D = PD + (C′ .MARTINSPROCKET.3183 Add to the Pitch Diameter the product of the Circular Pitch and .COM Spur Gear Dimensional Formulas Circular Pitch Rules and Formulas For Spur Gear Calculations Circular Pitch Circular Pitch is the Distance from the Center of One Tooth to the Center of the Next Tooth.3183 and Number of Teeth Divide Outside Diameter by the product of .6366 Multiply Addendum by Number of Teeth plus 2 Divide the product of Pitch Diameter and 3. To Find Having Rule Formula The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Diameter Outside Diameter Outside Diameter Number of Teeth Thickness of Tooth Addendum Dedendum Working Depth Whole Depth Clearance Clearance The Diametral Pitch The Pitch Diameter and the Number of Teeth The Outside Diameter and the Number of Teeth The Number of Teeth and the Circular Pitch The Number of Teeth and the Outside Diameter The Outside Diameter and the Circular Pitch Addendum and the Number of Teeth The Number of Teeth and the Circular Pitch The Pitch Diameter and the Circular Pitch The Number of Teeth and the Addendum The Pitch Diameter and the Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch The Circular Pitch Thickness of Tooth Divide 3.6366 Multiply the Number of Teeth by the Addendum The continued product of the Number of Teeth plus 2.1416 DP C′ = PD . the Circular Pitch and .6866 Multiply the Circular Pitch by .6366) D′ = NA D = (N + 2) C′ . Circular Pitch Gears Made To Order Only SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-87 . Equal Addendum Gears.05 L= t 10 NOTE: Rules and Formulas Relating to Tooth Depth and Outside Diameter Apply to Full-Depth. the Circular Pitch and .3183 A + L = C′ .6866 L = C .1416 by the Diametral Pitch Divide Pitch Diameter by the product of .

1140 0.0531 10.0639 5.7957 0.0851 7.0958 8.2546 0.8753 0.8496 32.1250 0.4244 0.1913 16.1151 0.9012 0.5708 1.5173 0.3862 0.1052 0.9098 1.2586 0.4604 0.8356 0.9207 0.9956 12.0531 2.5625 0.6250 0.8154 0.3581 0.1424 1.0299 0.4374 0.3903 5.3402 28.4775 0.4687 0.8287 0.0737 0.7552 18.3437 0.5064 0.3453 0.7925 2.0614 2.5798 7.4248 10.8666 4.9375 0.1595 14.1875 0.6366 0.2187 0.0944 2.3979 0.4062 0.1526 0.2281 1.1855 2.3510 3.3979 0.2016 1.2532 0.2890 1.1250 1.1169 10.0213 1.7500 0.3776 9.5464 2.1592 0.5525 0.7958 0.1372 15.6764 0.2117 18.4377 0.0937 0.9549 0.8750 0.1061 0.6223 11.4143 0.4323 1.8754 0.2146 0.0426 3.8976 1.0128 0.2848 2.2785 0.5570 0.3183 0.0345 0.2500 0.7165 1.0690 0.1141 1.2575 0.1273 0.9441 0.0744 6.1562 0.2984 0.2762 0.5664 14.1701 15.3333 0.2500 1.1989 0.6456 2.7162 0.1716 0.7854 0.0532 4.2785 0.2000 0.1393 0.5904 8.7967 1.9151 0.6366 0.5173 0.2581 24.7124 5.2189 0.1381 0.1666 0.3780 0.3382 0.0796 0.1591 0.5696 4.1962 0.0597 0.0000 0.7506 1.5266 2.2552 22.3183 0.9870 0.5133 2.5692 6.0818 0.3963 1.5373 3.3683 0.5985 0.8881 1.2301 0.4178 0.5000 0.6947 2.2387 0.1937 1.1819 0.1382 12.7366 0.1194 0.1888 4.3581 0.0995 0.3433 0.5968 0.3223 0.0265 5.1228 0.3732 1.1287 0.0000 1.1842 0.1416 3.2122 0.3003 0.7080 16.4375 0.5479 4.2993 0.3750 0.MARTINSPROCKET.0921 0.0909 0.4720 0.3750 1.6007 0.2732 1.5968 0.3100 2.2455 0.5160 .6562 0.7162 0.9333 2.2071 0.7952 1.0319 2.1790 0.1373 0.1276 11.4377 0.0598 1.2874 1.1062 9.2387 0.5579 0.8125 0.5904 3.6906 0.1273 0.4834 0.3936 2.5915 1.1611 0.2812 0.2832 7.8583 0.1429 0.1808 7.6437 0.1158 1.2122 0.4031 2.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.4775 0.1194 0.1473 0.1415 0.0833 1.6875 0.5937 0.6170 1.7295 0.3913 0.1989 0.5312 0.1488 13.9549 0.6445 0.1061 1.7464 2.7724 0.1111 0.4577 0.2289 0.5000 1.5448 1.7560 0.1144 All Circular Pitch Gears Are Made-To-Order G-88 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .4732 1.2566 1.6866 0.0707 0.7500 1.1049 1.5053 2.4576 0.5294 0.5586 5.4291 0.1000 0.5150 0.COM Circular Pitch Tooth Dimensions Dimensions of Standard Full-depth Teeth Circular Pitches and Equivalent Diametral Pitches Circular Pitch Diametral Pitch Module Arc Thickness of Tooth on Pitch Line Addendum Working Depth of Tooth Dedendum or Depth of Space Below Pitch Line Whole Depth of Tooth 4 3-1⁄2 3 2-3⁄4 2-1⁄2 2-1⁄4 2 1-7⁄8 1-3⁄4 1-5⁄8 1-1⁄2 1-7⁄16 1-3⁄8 1-5⁄16 1-1⁄4 1-3⁄16 1-1⁄8 1-1⁄16 1 15 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 13 ⁄16 3 ⁄4 11 ⁄16 2 ⁄3 5 ⁄8 9 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 7 ⁄16 2 ⁄5 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄3 5 ⁄16 2 ⁄7 1 ⁄4 2 ⁄9 1 ⁄5 3 ⁄16 1 ⁄6 0.5570 0.5851 6.6010 9.3125 0.6116 10.2732 1.8540 8.6755 1.0637 0.2340 3.0472 1.9568 3.7187 0.2746 0.2339 20.

1416) Divide 25. Equal Addendum Gears. of Teeth plus 2 Multiply Module by 2 and Subtract from Outside Diameter Number of Teeth plus 2 Multiplied by Module Divide 25.4 M C′ (In MM) = M x 3.MARTINSPROCKET.1416 A=M D″ (In MM) = 2.157 x M t (In MM) = PD (MM) x Sine 90 N M = PD (Inches) N (Answer in Fraction) NOTE: Rules and Formulas Relating to Tooth Depth and Outside Diameter Apply to Full-Depth.1416) The Addendum equals the Module Multiply 2.157 by Module Multiply Pitch Diameter (in Millimeters) by the Sine of the Angle of 90 Divided by the Number of Teeth Divide Pitch Diameter in Inches by Number of Teeth M = PD (Millimeters) N M = C (Millimeters) 3.4 by Diametral Pitch Divide Outside Diameter (in Millimeters) by the Number of Teeth plus 2 Multiply Module by Number of Teeth Divide the product of Outside Diameter and No.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.1416 M = 25. SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-89 .4 by Module Multiply Module by Pi (3.2M OD (In MM) = (N + 2) x M DP = 25.COM Spur Gear Dimensional Formulas Module Rules and Formulas For Module (Metric) Spur Gear Calculations (Module Represents the Amount of Pitch Diameter per Tooth) To Find Having Rule Formula Metric Module Metric Module Metric Module Metric Module Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Diameter Diametral Pitch Circular Pitch Addendum Whole Depth Thickness of Tooth English Module Pitch Diameter and Number of Teeth Circular Pitch in Millimeter Diametral Pitch Outside Diameter and Number of Teeth Module and Number of Teeth Number of Teeth and Outside Diameter Outside Diameter and the Module Module and Number of Teeth Module Module Module Known Module Known Module and Outside Diameter Pitch Diameter in Inches and Number of Teeth Divide Pitch Diameter in Millimeters by the Number of Teeth Divide Circular Pitch in Millimeters by Pi (3. of Teeth by No.4 DP M = OD N+2 D′ (In MM)= M x N D′ =OD x N N+2 D′ = OD .

693 1.847 0.770 0.628 9.058 0.50 2.2164 0.499 18.4843 1.662 87.00 20.947 141.4329 0.571 1.652 84.1666 x module.513 2.426 140.257 1.933 14.583 0.566 14.75 2 2.00 55.00 0.75 2.927 4.333 10.‡ Millimeters 0.314 4.707 10.700 0.000 38.417 5.1132 1.25 3.233 3.155 1.587 1.083 4.423 0.320 16.566 6.000 71.833 11.997 97.917 3.256 19.708 3.065 107.175 2.911 235.4947 0.274 31.25 5.040 8.4020 0.1113 0. ‡ Total Depth equivalent to American standard full-depth teeth.954 1.867 1.00 75.792 4.266 56.411 1.713 71.996 140.583 8.00 36.75 3 3.9790 2.941 2.628 3.750 10.00 65.471 7.248 103.466 7.822 2.517 1.497 58.827 3.662 162.25 1.712 5.635 129.824 5.080 4.416 7.823 94.25 2.0742 0.236 3.123 90.1855 0.699 40.853 5.333 4.803 7.6079 1.644 5.416 34.042 2.7317 1.350 5.3711 0.510 1.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.875 5. Millimeters Dedendum.157 x Module.00 15.333 36.205 150.666 9.208 3.00 39.355 34.00 4.564 0.80 0.997 52.00 5.339 0.222 25.9685 3.332 32.236 8.3092 0.863 1.499 11.041 30.514 12.829 151.COM Module Pitch Tooth Dimensions Tooth Dimensions Based Upon Module System (One millimeter equals 0.453 4.00 50.800 42.300 1.00 42.982 47.00 2.167 1.210 10.8541 1.00 70.2263 2.6 0.30 0.864 12.400 20.333 19.1237 0.041 7.083 15.00 9.MARTINSPROCKET.166 16.667 63.750 2.665 28.500 7.666 12.00 27.625 2.788 188. (Clearance = 0.90 1.498 77.885 2.142 3.00 3.8 0.2368 1.605 0.594 97.666 5.826 43.540 2.996 11.618 4.03937 inch) Module.70 0.458 1.495 0.0865 0.000 43.25 2.500 3.7421 0.372 157.774 4.497 108.167 2.781 12.163 129.832 69.00 30.181 77.00 10.166 17.6803 0.991 25.817 0.943 1.942 14.083 1.996 75.391 0.50 5.199 2.5 2.142 47.363 0.00 24.454 51.198 32.375 4.8035 0.330 119.250 3.833 6.00 14.0989 0.35 0.00 11.† Millimeters Whole Depth.500 50.700 11.462 0.166 30.583 8.0371 0.163 69.333 2.166 9.50 0.933 1.330 64.332 47.097 122.7 0.00 6.651 0.332 17.571 23.932 6.010 7.854 8.666 23.5 1.467 0.000 58.0618 0.958 6.706 0.5 0.5 5 5.160 9.257 6.950 2.00 60.499 21.496 204.332 25.8658 0.775 † Dedendum and total depth when clearance = 0.4737 2.050 1.3401 0.25 3.998 84.833 26.728 25.279 18.647 0.829 81.916 13.7210 2.708 17.392 5.733 1.000 28.75 4 4.998 45.294 1.00 12.497 90.5 6 6.124 50.5 3.082 4.498 41.276 0.4 0.814 1.619 0.697 3.089 8.50 7.75 4.997 161.000 23.000 31.522 131.549 62.25 1.497 48.00 16.550 8.50 3.495 0.132 28. DIN Standard Series Equivalent Diametral Pitch Circular Pitch Millimeters Inches Addendum.239 64.3606 1.425 10.413 21.00 13.665 52.000 7.000 14.884 28.3 0.850 20.157 2.50 6.750 28.289 10.40 0.0495 0.666 39.286 31.773 6.079 1.117 1.558 37.498 6.309 2.270 1.9895 1.711 4.5 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 84.2474 0.021 15.498 65.768 58.658 9.726 1.512 38.398 84.00 22.099 17.2783 0.60 0.125 8.650 0.080 172.855 118.00 45.069 7.6184 0.339 3.75 3.1546 0.00 33.785 11.508 0.941 0.283 7.115 75.4638 0.137 15.000 15.639 9.833 14.908 3.5566 0. Millimeters† Whole Depth.50 1.00 8.815 7.791 4.673 113. or one-sixth module.) G-90 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .195 5.421 8.499 34.00 1.00 18.666 21.498 35.841 43.9 1 1.204 219.420 21.184 6.

MARTINSPROCKET.Cone Center to Crown Ratio = Number of Teeth in Driven Number of Teeth in Driver SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-91 .Pitch Angle of Driven Pitch Diamter 2 x Sine Pitch Angle Addendum Tangent of Addendum Angle = Pitch Cone Radius Face Angle = Addendum Angle + Pitch Angle Pitch Cone Radius = Tangent of Dedendum Angle = Dedendum Pitch Cone Radius Root Angle = Pitch Angle .FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.COM Bevel & Miter Gear Formulas To Find Rule Formula Pitch Diameter Tangent of Pitch Angle Of Driven Pitch Angle of Driver Pitch Cone Radius Tangent of Addendum Angle Face Angle Tangent of Dedendum Angle Root Angle Angular Addendum Outside Diameter Mounting Distance Distance From Cone Center to Crown Backing to Crown Ratio Divide Number of Teeth by Diametral Pitch Divide Number of Teeth in Driven by Number of Teeth in Driver Subtract Pitch Angle of Driven from 90 Degrees Divide Pitch Diameter by Twice the Sine of the Pitch Angle Divide Addendum by the Pitch Cone Radius Add Addendum Angle to Pitch Angle Divide Dedendum by the Pitch Cone Radius Subtract Dedendum Angle from Pitch Angle Multiply Addendum by Cosine of Pitch Angle Add 2 Angular Addenda to Pitch Diameter Add one-half the Pitch Diameter of Mating to Pitch Line Multiply one-half Outside Diameter by Co-tangent of Face Angle Subtract Cone Center to Crown from Mounting Distance Divide Teeth in Driven by Teeth in Driver Pitch Diameter = Number of Teeth Diametral Pitch Tangent Pitch Angle of Driven = Number of Teeth in Driven = Ratio Number of Teeth in Driver Pitch Angle Of Driver = 90 Degrees .Dedendum Angle Angular Addendum = Addendum x Cosine Pitch Angle Outside Diameter = 2 Angular Addenda x Pitch Diamter Mounting Distance = Pitch Diameter of Mate + Backing to Pitch Line 2 Cone Center to Crown = Outside Diameter x Co-Tangent Face Angle 2 Backing to Crown = Mounting Distance .

COM Formula For Worm Gears (Based On Diametral Pitch) To Find Rule Formula Worm Gear Pitch Diameter Worm Gear Throat Diameter Worm Gear Outside Diameter Worm Pitch Diameter Worm Outside Diameter Worm Lead Co-Tangent of Worm Helix Angle Center Distance Ratio Divide Number of Teeth by Diametral Pitch Add 2 Addenda to Pitch Diameter Add 3 Addenda to Pitch Diameter Subtract the Worm Gear Pitch Diameter from Twice the Center Distance Add 2 Addenda to Worm Pitch Diameter Divide 3.MARTINSPROCKET.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. Full Depth.1416 by Diametral Pitch and Multiply by Number of Threads in Worm Multiply Worm Pitch Diameter by Diametral Pitch and Divide by Number of Worm Threads Add Worm Pitch Diameter to Worm Gear Pitch Diameter and Divide Sum by 2 Divide Number of Teeth in Worm Gear by Number of Worm Threads Pitch Diameter = Number of Teeth in Worm Gear Diametral Pitch Throat Diameter = (2 x Addendum) + Pitch Diameter Outside Diameter = (3 x Addendum) + Pitch Diameter Worm Pitch Diameter = (2 x Center Distance) .Worm Gear Pitch Diameter Worm Outside = Worm Pitch Diameter + 2 x Addendum Diameter 3. Etc.) is same as for Spur Gears. G-92 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .1416 Worm Lead = x Number of Threads in Worm Diametral Pitch Co-Tangent Worm = Worm Pitch Diameter x Diametral Pitch Helix Angle Number Worm Threads Center = Worm Pitch Diameter + Worm Gear Pitch Diameter Distance 2 Ratio = Number of Teeth in Worm Gear Number of Worm Threads NOTE: Tooth data (Addendum.

Comparative Sizes of Involute Gear Teeth WORKING DEPTH BELOW PITCH LINE.MARTINSPROCKET.A.5133″ Circular Pitch CIRCULAR PITCH 11⁄2 Diametral Pitch 2. OR FLANK WHOLE DEPTH ADDENDUM.COM Cut Spur Gears 141⁄2° P.1416″ Circular Pitch THICKNESS OF TOOTH AT PITCH LINE 11⁄4 Diametral Pitch 2.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. OR FACE WORKING DEPTH SPACE BELO W PITCH LINE CLEARANCE 1 Diametral Pitch 3.0944″ Circular Pitch SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX WIDTH OF SPACE AT PITCH LINE G-93 .

5236″ Circular Pitch G-94 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX .MARTINSPROCKET.7854″ Circular Pitch 5 Diametral Pitch .0472″ Circular Pitch 31⁄2 Diametral Pitch .7952″ Circular Pitch 2 Diametral Pitch 1.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.5708″ Circular Pitch 21⁄2 Diametral Pitch 1.6283″ Circular Pitch 6 Diametral Pitch .8976″ Circular Pitch 4 Diametral Pitch .COM Cut Spur Gears 141⁄2° P.2566″ Circular Pitch 3 Diametral Pitch 1. Comparative Sizes of Involute Gear Teeth 13⁄4 Diametral Pitch 1.A.

COM Cut Spur Gears 141⁄2° P.2618″ Circular Pitch 14 Diametral Pitch . Comparative Sizes of Involute Gear Teeth 7 Diametral Pitch .FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW.2244″ Circular Pitch 16 Diametral Pitch .A.1963″ Circular Pitch 18 Diametral Pitch .3142″ Circular Pitch 12 Diametral Pitch .MARTINSPROCKET.1745″ Circular Pitch 20 Diametral Pitch .1571″ Circular Pitch Gear Rack Comparison — 141⁄2 and 20° 3 DP — 141⁄2° 3 DP — 20° 4 DP — 141⁄2° 4 DP — 20° 5 DP — 141⁄2° 5 DP — 20° 6 DP — 141⁄2° 6 DP — 20° SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX G-95 .4488″ Circular Pitch 8 Diametral Pitch .3927″ Circular Pitch 10 Diametral Pitch .

Rebore or rework may be accomplished by chucking on the hub.MARTINSPROCKET.COM Gear Materials Stock Steel Gears Martin steel gears are manufactured from high quality carbon steel material. Reboring of Stock Gears Most of Martin’s Stock Gears may be rebored. Flame hardening is preferred so that only the teeth are hardened. Martin holds the outside diameter of its gears concentric with the bore which in turn is concentric with the pitch diameter. Martin ’s steel gears are machined all over. In reboring gears. In the ﬁner pitches. care must be taken to hold the bore concentric with the pitch diameter. The outside diameter is held to a closer total indicator reading than the pitch diameter. In most cases this would require a great amount of time. G-96 SEARCH EXIT PREVIOUS NEXT INDEX . These gears may be hardened by any method acceptable to good practice such as ﬂame or induction hardening.FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE US AT WWW. care should be taken not to distort the outside diameter when chucking. The maximum recommended bore size is given for each gear. To cut costly set-up time when reboring. This material is used for strength and good hardening characteristics. Cast Gears Martin cast iron gears are manufactured from high quality close grained controlled speciﬁcation irons. Distortion is virtually eliminated and the bore is left soft for subsequent work. Concentricity must be controlled in order for gears to run at maximum efﬁciency.