P. 1
20120326105900-1112-143

20120326105900-1112-143

|Views: 1|Likes:
20120326105900-1112-143
20120326105900-1112-143

More info:

Published by: Ahmad Hussein Enayat on Apr 27, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/27/2013

pdf

text

original

17

ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ
ﻱﺮﻬﭙﺳ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ
ﻱﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻥﺍﺮﻬﺗ ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺩﺍﺯﺁ ﻩﺎﮕﺸﻧﺍﺩ ﺩﺎﺘﺳﺍ
Sepehran55@yahoo.com
ﻩﺪﻴﻜﭼ
ﻪﺑ ﻥﺁ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﻱﺎــﻫﺩﺍﺪﺧﺭ ﻭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻳﺍ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻱﺍﺮــﺑ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻗ ﺮﻫ ﺪــﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ
.ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨــﺷ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻡﺎﻧ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺹﻮﺼﺨﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﻭ ﻱﺩﺮﻓ ﻲﮔﺪﻧﺯ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻭ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻱﺎﻬﻠــﺴﻧ
ﺖﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻲﻠﺻﺍ ﺶﺳﺮﭘ .ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻭ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
؟ﺖﺴﻴﻛ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﻛ
ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻕ18-16 ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺮﺑ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ :ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻩﺪﻤﻋ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﺶﺳﺮﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ
،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﻲﻟﺎﻣ ﺪﻨﺳ ﻚﻳ ﻥﻮﻣﺍﺮﻴﭘ ﻞﻜﺸﻣ ﻚﻳ ﺪﻣﺁ ﺶﻴﭘ ﺮﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑﺮﻤﻋ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻡﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺪﻧ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ،(ﻉ) ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﺕﺭﻮﺸﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ
ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺺﺨــﺷ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺁﺮﺑ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ
ﺯﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ ﻂﻘﻓ ،ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺖﺒــﺴﻧ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻭ ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻮﺘــﺳﺩ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ
ﻲﻜﻣ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻱﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻱﺮﻴﮔ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ ،ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﻨﺘﺴﻣ ﻲﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ،ﻪﻜﻣ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺹﻮﺼﺨﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻭ
ﺯﺍ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﺪﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻪﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﺎﺗ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻋ ﺭﺩ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ
،ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻡﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺎﺗ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ .ﺪﺷ ﻝﺪﺑ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻢﺸﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﺩﻮﺧ ﻪﺑ ﺺﺘﺨﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ،ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻡﺍﻮﻗﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻠﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻲﻗﻼﺗ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﻮﺘﻓ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺮﭙــﺳ ﻲــﺷﻮﻣﺍﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﻥﺩﺮﮔ (ﻉ) ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻧﺰﻳﺍﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭﺍ .ﺪﻨﻛ ﺕﺭﻮﺸﻣ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ ﺎﺑ ﺪﻣﺁﺮﺑ ﺩﺪﺻﺭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺱﺎﺴﺣﺍ
ﻪﺑ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﺖﻜﻠﻤﻣ ﻲﻤــﺳﺭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،(ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺭﺎﮔﺯﻭﺭ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻬﻧ
ﻪﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ .ﺩﺮﻛ ﻍﻼﺑﺍ ﺩﻼﺑ ﺮﺳﺍﺮﺳ
ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻭ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ ﺍﺭ ﺏﺮﻋ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﻢﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ،ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻤﺗﺎﺧ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ،ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻪﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﺎﺗ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ
.ﺪﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
.ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ :ﺎﻫ ﻩژﺍﻭﺪﻴﻠﻛ
18
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﻪﻠﺌﺴﻣ ﺡﺮﻃ
ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﻡﺎــﻳﺍ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖــﺒﺛ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺘﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻮــﻗ ﺮــﻫ
ﻱﺎﻨﻌﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﻭ ﻱﺩﺮﻓ ﻲﮔﺪﻧﺯ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﻭ ﺭﺎﮔﺯﻭﺭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ
ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻲــﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﻭ ﻞﻘﻧ ﺮﺑ ﻩﻭﻼﻋ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻪﻤﻠﻛ ﻡﺎﻋ
ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﻥﺁ ﻪــﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺪــﻨﻳﺁ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺣ ﺭﻮﻣﺍ ،ﻪﺘــﺷﺬﮔ
ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ؟ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻊــﺿﻭ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ ﺍﺭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ .ﺪــﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ
،ﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ ﻚﻳ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﺎﻳ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻪــﻄﻘﻧ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺗ
،ﻦﻴﮕﻤﻬﺳ ﻥﺎﻓﻮﻃ ﺎﻳ ﻪﻟﺰﻟﺯ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ،ﻩﺎــﺷ ﻚﻳ ﻲﻫﺎــﺷﺩﺎﭘ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ
ﺝﻼﻋﻻ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﻴﺑ ،ﻪﻘﺑﺎــﺳ ﻲﺑ ﺮﮕﻧﺍﺮﻳﻭ ﻞﻴــﺳ ﺎﻳ ﻦﻴﻣﺯ ﻦﺘﻓﺭﻭﺮﻓ
ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﺍ ،ﻩﺪﻨــﺸﻛ ﺪﻳﺪــﺷ ﻲﻄﺤﻗ ،ﺎﺑﻭ ﻥﻮﭼ ﻲﻧﺎﮕﻤﻫ ﻭ
ﻞﻴﺒﻗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺛﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻩﻭﺮﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻫﻭﺮﮔ ﺯﺍ ﺖــﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻭ
.ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ
ﺖﺴﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺪﺻ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ
ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ،(ﺹ)ﺮــﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﻥﻮــﭽﻤﻫ ،ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ
ﺐﻌــﺷ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺮﺻﺎﺤﻣ ﻮــﻐﻟ ،ﺕﻮــﻋﺩ ﻥﺪــﺷ ﻲﻨﻠﻋ ،ﺕﺮــﻀﺣ
،ﺭﺪﺑ ﻱﺎﻬﮕﻨﺟ ،ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﻪــﺸﺒﺣ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ
ﺔﺠﺣ ،ﻪﻜﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ،ﻪــﻴﺒﻳﺪﺣ ﺢﻠﺻ ، ... ﻭ ﺮــﺒﻴﺧ ،ﻕﺪﻨﺧ ،ﺪــﺣﺍ
ﺎﻨﺑ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،(ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﻭ ﻉﺍﺩﻮﻟﺍ
ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ،ﺪــﺷ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻩﺭﺎــﺷﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ ﻪﻣﺍﺩﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻠﻳﻻﺩ ﻪﺑ
ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻩﻭﻼﻋ ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ .ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺖﻓﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻒﻄﻋ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ
ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ،ﺩﺮــﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﻮﻤﻫ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﻞﻴﻜــﺸﺗ
ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺪﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻢﻫ ﻲﻧﺎﻣﺯ ﺮﻈﻧ
.ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺮﻈﻧ
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ﻲﻠﺻﺍ ﺶــﺳﺮﭘ
؟ﺪــﺷ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻲــﺴﻛ ﻪﭼ ﻪﻠﻴــﺳﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻪﺑ ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﻥﺪﻤﺗ ﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺍﺮﻈﻧ ﺐﺣﺎﺻ ﻭ ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ
ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﻭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻫﻭﺮﮔ .ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﺶــﺳﺮﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ
ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﺘــﺳﺍﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﻴﺟﻮﺗ
ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﺏﺎــﺤﺻﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺕﺭﻮــﺸﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪــﻔﻴﻠﺧ ،ﻥﺁ
ﺮﺻﺎﻌﻣ ﻥﺎﻘﻘﺤﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺭﺍﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺩﺎﻨﺳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻪﺑ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺎﺑ
ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ (ﺹ)ﻡﺮﻛﺍﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻥﻮﭽﻤﻫ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﺭﺪﺻ
(ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺺﺨــﺷ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮕﻧﺎﻴﻨﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ
ﻲﻧﺪﻤﺗ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺪﻨﭼ ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ
،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺖــﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﺭﻮــﺸﻨﻣ ﺭﻭﺪﺻ ﻪﻠﻤﺟ ﺯﺍ ؛ﺩﺍﺩ ﻡﺎــﺠﻧﺍ ﻢــﻬﻣ
ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺼﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ ﻱﺭﺩﺍﺮﺑ ﺪﻘﻋ ،ﺪﺠــﺴﻣ ﺖﺧﺎــﺳ
ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺡﺮﻃ ﺎﺑ ﺪﻴــﺷﻮﻛ ﻢﻴﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺭﺩ ﻲﺨــﺳﺎﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻚﻳ ﺮﻫ ﻞﻳﻻﺩ ﻲــﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﻭ ﺪﻘﻧ ﻦﻤﺿ ﻭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻚﻳ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﻪﻛ ﻢﻴﺑﺎﻳ ﺖﺳﺩ ﺶــﺳﺮﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﻮﺧ
ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺍﻮــﺗ ﻲﻣ ﺎﻳﺁ ؟ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺮﺗ ﻚﻳﺩﺰﻧ ﺖﺤﺻ ﻪﺑ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﺑ ،ﻭﺩ ﻥﺁ ﺵﺯﺎــﺳ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ ﻚﻳﺩﺰﻧ ﻢﻫ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺍ ﻪــﻧﻮﮔ
:ﻢﻳﺮﻴﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻲﭘ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺡﺮﺷ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻉﻮﺿﻮﻣ ؟ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﺖﺳﺩ ﻲﻣﻮﺳ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ (1
ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ (1)ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﻱﺪﻨﭼ ﻲﻧﺎﻌﻣ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ
ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ،ﺎﺠﻨﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻲﺣﻼﻄﺻﺍ ﻭ ﻱﻮﻐﻟ ﻒــﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﻌﻣ
ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻪــﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﺕﺪﻣ :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ (2)ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﻪﻛ
ﺎﻳ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺙﻮﻌﺒﻣ ﻱﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻉﻭﺮﺷ ﻲﻟﺎــﺳ
ﺎﻳ ﻪﻟﺰﻟﺯ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻓﻮﻃ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺘﻠﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻡﺎﻴﻗ ﻲﮔﺭﺰﺑ ﻩﺎﺷﺩﺎﭘ
ﻲﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﺎﻳ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻙﻼﻫ ﺪﻳﺪﺷ ﻲﻄﺤﻗ ﻭ ﺎﺑﻭ ﺎﻳ ﻦﻴﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻦﺘﻓﺭﻭﺮﻓ
ﺎﻳ ﻩﺪﻳﺩﺮﮔ ﻥﻮﮔﺮﮔﺩ ﻲﺘﻠﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﻣ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻩﻭﺮﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻫﻭﺮﮔ ﺯﺍ
ﻪﺑ ﻲﻨﻴﻣﺯ ﺭﻮﻬﺸﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﺘﻣﻼﻋ ﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﺕﺎﻳﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻤﻴﻈﻋ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ
.ﺪﻫﺩ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻱﻭﺭ ﻲﻧﻻﻮﻃ ﻱﺎﻬﻧﺎﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﺰﺟ ﻪﻛ ﻪﺘﺳﻮﻴﭘ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ
ﻩﺪﻨﻛﺍﺮﭘ ﻪﻛ ﻢﻟﺎﻋ ﻱﺎــﺠﻛ ﺮﻫ ﺭﺩ ﻞﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺍﻮــﻗﺍ ﻪﻤﻫ ﻭﺭ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ
ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻪــﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻪﺑ ﺹﻮﺼﺨﻣ ﻲــﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺪﻨــﺷﺎﺑ
ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﻂﺒﺿ ،ﺖﺒﺛ ﻥﺁ ﻪــﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺭﺎﮔﺪﻧﺎﻣ ﻊــﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ
ﻥﺎﻫﺎﺷﺩﺎﭘ ﺱﻮﻠﺟ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ .ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ
ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﻞﻴﻜــﺸﺗ ﺎﻳ ﻥﺍﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﺎــﻳ ﺖﻨﻄﻠــﺳ ﺖﺨﺗ ﺮﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻲﻛﺪﻧﺍ ﻪــﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻨﻴﻣﺯ ﺎﻳ ﻲﻧﺎﻤــﺳﺁ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ
.ﺪﺷ ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﻥﺁ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﺍ ﺶﻨﻳﺮﻓﺁ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻦﻳﺮﺗﺭﻮﻬــﺸﻣ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﻢﻳﺪﻗ
19
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﺲﻔﻠﻴﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺲﺒﻠﻟﺎﻗ ﺭﺍﻭﺩﺍ ،ﺮﺼﻨﻟﺍ ﺖﺨﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺡﻮﻧ ﻥﺎﻓﻮﻃ
،ﺲﻄﺴﻏﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻦﻴﻧﺮﻘﻟﺍﻭﺫ ﺭﺪﻨﻜــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺭﺪﻨﻜــﺳﺍ ﺭﺪﭘ
(3)ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺱﻮﻧﺎﻴﻄﻠﻗﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺲﻨﻴﻄﻧﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺍﺭ ﺢﻴــﺴﻣ ﻲﺴﻴﻋ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﻥﺎﻬﺟ ﻥﺎﻴﺤﻴــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ
ﺩﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ،ﺪﻣﺁ ﺎﻴﻧﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻩﺩﺮﻜﻧ ﺮﻫﻮــﺷ ﻱﺭﺩﺎﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺭﺪﭘ
ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻬﺟ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻥﺁ ﺱﺎــﺳﺍﺮﺑ ﻭ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ
،ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻩﺪﻴﻣﺎﻧ ﻱﺩﻼﻴﻣ ﺭﺎﺼﺘﺧﺍ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻼﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ ﺩﻼﻴﻣ
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ
ﻥﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺯﺎــﺳ ﺖﺷﻮﻧﺮﺳ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ
ﻪﻧ ﻭ ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻪــﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﻡﺮﻛﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ
ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺎﻳ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺎﻳ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ،ﺪــﻟﻮﺗ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺪﺻ ﻩﺪﻤﻋ
؟ﺍﺮﭼ
ﺮﺑ ﻩﻭﻼﻋ ﺪﻨﺘــﺴﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﺮﻴﭘ ،ﺪــﺷ ﻩﺭﺎــﺷﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ
ﻲﺛﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺎﻳ ﺩﻮــﺧ ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺖــﺜﻌﺑ ،ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﺕﺮــﺠﻫ
،ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ ﺐﻌﺷ ﻩﺮﺻﺎﺤﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ،ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻥﺪــﺷ ﻲﻨﻠﻋ ﻞﻴﺒﻗ ﺯﺍ
ﺯﺎﺳ ﺖﺷﻮﻧﺮﺳ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﮕﻨﺟ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﺮﻫ ،ﻪــﺸﺒﺣ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ
،ﻪﻜﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ،ﻪﻴﺒﻳﺪﺣ ﺢــﻠﺻ ،ﺮﺒﻴﺧ ،ﻕﺪﻨﺧ ،ﺪﺣﺍ ،ﺭﺪﺑ ﻥﻮــﭽﻤﻫ
ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻉﺍﺩﻮﻟﺍ ﺔــﺠﺣ ﻲﺘﺣ ﻭ
ﺭﺩ .ﺪــﺷ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﻪﻤﻫ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎــﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ
ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﻭ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ،ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺮﻤــﺷﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﺛﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ
ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺪﺟ ﻪﻨﻳﺰﮔ ﺖﺴﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ
ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ؟ﺍﺮﭼ .ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻤﻧ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﭻﻴﻫ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
:ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺻﻼﺧ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﺭﺩ
ﻭﺩ ﻪﻜﻧﺁ ﻢــﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﺖــﺜﻌﺑ ﻢﻫ ﻭ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﻢــﻫ (ﻒــﻟﺍ
ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺮﻈﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺰﻴﻣﺁﺭﺎﺨﺘﻓﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺰﻓﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﺷ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺩﺍﺪﺧﺭ
ﻭ ﺖﻴﻤﻫﺍ ﻅﺎﺤﻟ ﻪــﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ (4).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ،ﻉﻮﻗﻭ
ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﻭ ﻱﺩﺮﻓ ﻝﺍﻮﺣﺍ ﻭ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ،ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺖﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻲﺸﻘﻧ
ﻢﻫﺮﺑ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻓﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻪﻧﻮﮔﺮﻫ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ
ﺕﺎﻓﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﺯﻭﺮﺑ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﺍ ﻕﻮﻘﺣ ﻊﻴﻴﻀﺗ ﻭ ﻪﻌﻣﺎﺟ ﻢﻈﻧ ﻥﺩﺭﻮــﺧ
ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﻭ ﻲــﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻥﻮﮔﺎﻧﻮﮔ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺯﻮﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺍﻭﺍﺮﻓ
ﻦﻤﺿ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻱﺍ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﺎﻳ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﺖــﺴﻳﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ ،ﺪﺷ
ﻭ ﺭﻭﺁ ﻱﺩﺎــﺷ ﻭ ﺰﻴﻣﺁﺭﺎﺨﺘﻓﺍ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻪﺼﺧﺎــﺷ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺭﺍﺩﺭﻮــﺧﺮﺑ
ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻲﮕﻤﻫ ،ﻲﻛﺭﺎﺒﻣ ﻭ ﺖﻨﻤﻴﻣ
.ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ
ﻡﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻥﺎﮕﻤﻫ ﻱﺍﺮــﺑ ﻪﭼﺮﮔﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ (ﺏ
ﺦﻠﺗ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺪــﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺺﺨــﺸﻣ ﻭ
ﺯﺍﺪﮕﻧﺎﺟ ﻲﻫﻭﺪﻧﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﺭﺍﻮﮔﺎﻧﻭ
.ﺩﻮﺑ ﺭﺍﻮﮔﺎﻧ ﻲﺘﺒﻴﺼﻣ ﻭ ﺦﻠﺗ ﻱﺍ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻭ
ﻞﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺍﻮﻗﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻡﻮﺳﺮﻣ ﺖﻨــﺳ ﻭ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ ﻑﺮﻋ ﻚﻳ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﺪﻨﻨﻳﺰﮔ ﻲﻣﺮﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻲﺛﺩﺍﻮﺣ ،ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ
ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻪﻜﻠﺑ ﺪــﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﻩﻭﺪﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻢــﻏ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻥﺁ ﻱﺭﻭﺁﺩﺎــﻳ ﻪﻛ
ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺩﻮــﻤﻧ ﻢﻫﺍﺮﻓ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻮﻗ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺒﻣ ﻭ ﺮــﺨﻓ
ﺩﺪﻨــﺴﭘ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻲﺘﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻮﻗ ﭻﻴﻫ .ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺖﻠﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺎــﺷﺩﺎﭘ ﺖﻛﻼﻫ ﺎﻳ ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ گﺮﻣ ﻪﻛ
ﺪﻨﻛ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺒﻣ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺎــﻨﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺶــﻳﻮﺧ
ﻭ ﺮﮕﻤﺘﺳ ﻲﻫﺎﺷﺩﺎﭘ ﺖﻛﻼﻫ ﺎﻳ ﻦﻴﻏﻭﺭﺩ ﻱﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻱﺩﻮﺑﺎﻧ ﺮﮕﻣ
ﻱﺩﻮﺑﺎﻧ ﻭ گﺮﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻪﻫﺮﺑﺍ ﻥﻮﭽﻤﻫ ﺮﮕﻧﺍﺮﻳﻭ ﻱﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘﻣ
ﻭﺍ ﻦﺘﻓﺭ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻫﺎﺷﺩﺎﭘ گﺮﻣ ﺪﻳﺎﺷ .ﺪﻧﻮــﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﻣﺩﺎﺷ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ
ﻥﺍﺭﺍﺩﺍﻮﻫ ﻢﻟﺄﺗ ﻭ ﻒﺳﺄﺗ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺽﺮﻘﻨﻣ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻠﺴﻠﺳ
ﻱﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪــﺒﻣ ،ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻭﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﺮﻴﭘ ﻭ
(5).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻡﻭﺪﻌﻣ ﻢﻜﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺩﺎﻧ ﺲﺑ
ﻩﻭﻼﻋ (ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ)ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ (ﺝ
ﻭ ﻦﺷﻭﺭ ،ﺶﻳﺮﻗ ﻥﺎﻛﺮﺸﻣ ﻲﺘﺣ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻤﻫ ﺩﺰﻧ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ
ﻞﻴﻜﺸﺗ ﻭ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺵﺮﺘﺴﮔ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻤﻬﻣ ﻒﻄﻋ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ (6)ﺩﻮﺑ ﺭﺎﻜﺷﺁ
ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ .ﺩﻭﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﺖﻣﺍ ﻭ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ
ﻭ ﺭﺍﺯﺁ ﻭ ﻲﺗﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻭ ﻱﺮﻜﻓ ﻩﺮــﺻﺎﺤﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺎــﺑ
ﻭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ .ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﻲﻳﺎﻫﺭ ﺶﻳﺮﻗ ﻪﺠﻨﻜــﺷ
ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﻂﺑﺍﻭﺭ ﻲﻫﺪﻧﺎﻣﺎــﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻘﺘﺳﺍ
ﻱﺭﺩﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﺭﻮــﺸﻨﻣ ﻥﻼﻋﺍ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ
ﻱﺩﺎﺒﻋ ﻩﺎﮕﻳﺎﭘ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺪﺠﺴﻣ ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﻭ ،ﺭﺎﺼﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ
ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﻲﻤﻴﻤﺻ ﻱﺎﻀﻓ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺶﻳﺮﻗ ﺭﺎﺸﻓ ﺯﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ،ﻲﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻭ
ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺖﻳﺩﻮﺟﻮﻣ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺞﻳﺎﺘﻧ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ
ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻦﻴﻳﺁ ﺵﺮﺘــﺴﮔ ﻪﻨﻴﻣﺯ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻭ
ﻥﺍﺮﺴﺧ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﻣﺩﺎﺷ ﻭ ﻒﻌﺷ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﻢﻫﺍﺮﻓ
.ﺩﻮﺑ ﺶﻳﺮﻗ ﻥﺎﻛﺮﺸﻣ ﺖﺴﻜﺷ ﺯﺎﻏﺁﺮﺳ ﻭ ﻢﻴﻈﻋ
ﺮﻴــﺴﻔﺗ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻓ ﻭ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ ﻝﻭﺰﻧ ﻲــﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻲــﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻜﻣ ﺶﺨﺑ ﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ ،ﻥﺁ ﻢﻴﻟﺎﻌﺗ
ﻭ ﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻮﺳ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻮــﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺁ ﺰﻳﺎﻤﺗ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﻢﻬﻣ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻪــﻛ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘــﺴﻧﺍﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻜﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺁ
ﻲﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ ،ﺩﺯﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﻲﻣ ﻱﺩﺮﻓ ﻭ ﻲﺗﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﺚﺣﺎﺒﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﺩﻭﺮــﻓ
ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﻪﻌﻣﺎﺟ ﻪﺑ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﺮﺘﺸﻴﺑ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻮﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺁ ﻪﻛ
ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ «ﺍﻮﻨﻣﺁ ﻦﻳﺬﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﺍ ﺎﻳ» ﻥﻮﭼ ﻲﺗﺍﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ
ﺍﺭ ﻲﺘﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﻭ ﻲﻌﻤﺟ ﺕﺍﺭﺮﻘﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻜﺣﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﻢﻴﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻭ
ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻩﺎﮕﻳﺎﺟ ﺮﮕﻧﺎﺸﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ (7).ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺮﺑﺭﺩ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﺵﺮﺘﺴﮔ ﻭ
ﺐﺳﺎﻨﻣ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺖــﺴﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺩﺍﺪﺧﺭ ﻭ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ
.ﺪﺷ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺍ ﻪﺘﺴﻳﺎﺷ ﻪﻜﻠﺑ ﻭ
ﻱﺪﺣ ﺭﺩ ،ﺪــﺷ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺭﺩ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺮﻳﺎــﺳ
ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ،ﺡﻮﺿﻭ ﻢﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺘﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺒﻧ ﺖﻴﻤﻫﺍ ﺯﺍ
20
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
.ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ (2
ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻲﺴﻛ ﻪﭼ ﻪﻛ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺍ ﺶﺳﺮﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ
،ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ
ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻩﺪﻤﻋ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ
:ﺩﺭﺍﺩ
ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ ﺭﻮﻬــﺸﻣ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻥﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﻱﺭﺍﺪﻣﺎﻣﺯ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ،ﺖــﺴﻧﺍﺩ
ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ (8)ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ﺎﺗ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎــﺷ ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺶﻳﻮﺧ
،ﺶﻳﻮﺧ ﻱﺎﻫﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻭ ﺎــﻫﺭﺎﻛ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ
ﻪﻛ ﻲﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮــﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ
ﺭﺎﻛ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ،ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻱﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﺶﻨﻴﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﻭ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺺﺨﺷ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ
،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮــﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺩﺎﻨــﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ،ﻞــﻤﻋ ﺭﺩ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﻲــﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻣﺍﺩﺍ ﺭﺩ (9).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
:ﻢﻳﺯﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﻲﻣ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ،ﺮﻤﻋ (ﻒﻟﺍ
ﻲﺴﻛ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﺪﻨﻳﻮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ ﺭﻮﻬــﺸﻣ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ
،ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﻛ
ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻩﻭﺮﮔ ﻦﻳﺍ (10).ﺩﻮﺑ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ
ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﻪﻛ
ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ (11).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ (ﻉ)ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻩﺭﺎــﺷﺍ ﻭ
(12)ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﺯﺍ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺪﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻦــﻳﺍ ،ﺪﻧﺮﺒﺑ ﻡﺎﻧ ﻲــﺴﻛ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﻥﻭﺪــﺑ ﻭ
ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺯﺍ :ﺪﻳﻮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ .ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺒــﺴﻧ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ
ﺪﺷ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻦﻤﻳ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺴﻛ» :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺮﻴــﺳ ﻦﺑ
ﻭ ﺪــﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻩﺪﻧﺍﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪﻳﺩ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺰﻴﭼ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻔﮔ ﻭ
:ﺖﻔﮔ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺖﻓﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪــﺑ ﺩﺎﻨــﺳﺍ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ
ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻥﻮﭼ .ﻢﻳﺭﺍﺬﮕﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻢﻫ ﺎﻣ ﺪﻴﻳﺎﻴﺑ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﺑﻮﺧﺭﺎﻛ
ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﻥﺁ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ،ﺪﺷ ﻖﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ ،ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻥﺍﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ (ﺹ)ﺪﻤﺤﻣ
ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﺕﺎــﻓﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺎﻳ
ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪــﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪــﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﺝﻭﺮــﺧ
(13).«ﺪﻫﺩ
ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﻪــﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻲــﺴﻛ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺮــﻤﻋ ﺺﺨــﺷ ﻱﺃﺭ ﻭ
ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻪــﺘﻜﻧ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻜﻧ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ
ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ،ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺩﺎﻨــﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ (18 ﺎــﺗ 16 ﻝﺎــﺳ ً ﻻﺎﻤﺘﺣﺍ)
ﺪﻳﺩ ﻢﻴﻫﺍﻮﺧ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺖﺳﺭﺩ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻦﺨــﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﻲﻤﻧ
ﺩﻮﺧ ﺩﺎﻨﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺍﺭ
(ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ) ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻞﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﺭﺩ
ﻪﺋﺍﺭﺍ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺪﻨﺳ ﻪﻛ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻦﻳﺪﺑ .ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻲﻧﺎﺘﺳﺍﺩ
ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻩﺪﻬﻋ ﺮﺑ ﻭ ﻲــﺴﻛ ﻊﻔﻧ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻐﻠﺒﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪــﻛ ﺪــﻧﺩﺍﺩ
.ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﺪﻋﻮﻣ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﺒﺛ
ﺎﻳ ﻢﻴﺘــﺴﻫ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ ﻦﻳﺍ ؟ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﺮﻤﻋ
ﺎﺑ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺮــﻛ ﻊﻤﺟ ﺍﺭ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﺲﭘ ؟ﻩﺪﻨﻳﺁ ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ
ﺕﺮﻴﺣ ﺭﺎﭼﺩ ﺕﺎﻗﻭﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺕﺭﻮــﺸﻣ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ
،ﻲﻧﺍﺩﺮﮔﺮﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺖﻓﺭ ﻥﻭﺮﺑ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺭﺎﭼ ﻩﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ
ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺍﺰﻣﺮﻫ ﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻧﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﻴﻧﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﻡﻮــﺳﺭ ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﺭﺩ
:ﺖﻔﮔ ﻭﺍ .ﺪﻨﺘــﺳﺍﻮﺧ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺪﻴﺒﻠﻃ ﺭﻮــﻀﺣ
،ﻢﻴﻣﺎﻧ ﻲﻣ «ﺯﻭﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ» ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﺑﺎــﺴﺣ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻴﻧﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﺎﻣ
«ﺥﺭﻮﻣ» ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﺑﺮﻋ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ .ﺎﻫﺯﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺏﺎﺴﺣ :ﻲﻨﻌﻳ
ﻲﮕﻧﻮﮕﭼ ﻥﺍﺰﻣﺮﻫ .ﺪﻨﺘــﺷﺍﺬﮔ «ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ» ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺪﺼﻣ ﻭ ﺪﻨﺘﻔﮔ
ﺲﭘ .ﺩﺮﻛ ﺢﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻴﻣﻭﺭ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻭ ﻥﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﺍ
.ﺪﻧﺪﻨﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻴﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮــﻗ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﺮــﻤﻋ
ﺭﺪﻨﻜﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻴــﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ﻡﻭﺭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ :ﺪﻨﺘﻔﮔ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ
ﻲﻫﻭﺮﮔ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﻧﻻﻮﻃ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ :ﺪــﺷ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ .ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻞﻤﻋ
،ﻥﺎﻴﻧﺍﺮﻳﺍ :ﺪــﺷ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ .ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺮــﮕﻳﺩ
ﺍﺭ ﻲﻠﺒﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺪﺳﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺖﻨﻄﻠــﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﻩﺎﺷﺩﺎﭘ ﻩﺎﮔﺮﻫ
(14). ... ﺪﺷ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺎﻫﺭ
ﺯﺍ ،ﻩﺎﮔﺪــﻳﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎــﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮــﻣ ﺮــﮕﻳﺩ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﺎﻤﺷ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻳﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ :ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻱﺮﻌﺷﺍ ﻲﺳﻮﻣﻮﺑﺍ
ﻭ ﻦﻳﻭﺪﺗ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻧﺍﻮﻳﺩ ،ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺪﺳﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺎﻣ ﺖﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺝﺍﺮﺧ ﻱﺭﻭﺁ ﻊﻤﺟ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺗﺍﺭﺮﻘﻣ
.ﺖﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﻤﻧ ﺖﺳﻭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﻱﺎﻬﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﺷ ﺪﻨﻣﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺎﺑ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ ﻊﻤﺟ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺩﺰﻧ ﺍﺭ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ
ﻪﻬﺒﺷ ﺯﺍ ﻦﻳﺮﺗﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻗﻭﺍ ﻦﻳﺮﺗﺭﺎﻜﺷﺁ .ﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺕﺭﻮﺸﻣ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ
ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ،(ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ) ﺖﻓﺁ ﻭ
ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﺯﻭﺭ .ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻢﺘﺸﻫ ﻪﺒﻨﺷﻭﺩ ﺯﻭﺭ :ﺩﻮﺑ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻭﺍ
ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻪﺒﻨﺸﺠﻨﭘ ،ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻥﺁ
(15).ﺩﻮﺑ ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺭﺎﻛ
ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻚﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ ﺖﻠﻋ (16)ﻱﻭﺎﺨﺳ
:ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ ﻥﺎﮔﺭﺰﺑ ﻊﻤﺟ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻤﻋ :ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ
ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﻢﻳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻪﻈﺣﻼﻣ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻳﺯ ،ﻝﺍﻮﻣﺍ
ﺩﻮﺒﻬﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺍﻮــﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻢﺋﺍﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺪﻨﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﺑﺎﺴﺣ ﻩﻮﻴﺷ ﻥﺎﻴﻧﺍﺮﻳﺍ :ﺩﺍﺩ ﺦــﺳﺎﭘ ﻥﺍﺰﻣﺮﻫ ؟ﺪﻴــﺸﺨﺑ
21
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﻲﻧﺎــﺳﺎﺳ ﻥﺍﻭﺮــﺴﺧ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺪﻧﺍﻮﺧ ﻲﻣ «ﺯﻭﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ» ﻪــﻛ
ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺎﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ﺶﻳﻮﺧ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺮﺳ ﺮﺑ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍﺮﺳ :ﺪﻳﻮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻲﻧﺍﻮﺨﻤﻫ
ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﻡﺮﻛﺍ ﻲﺒﻧ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﺷ ﻖﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ
.ﺩﻮﺷ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ
ﻡﻭﺩ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺶــﻳﺍﺪﻴﭘ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻲﺠﻴﻓﺎﻛ
:ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﻌﺷﺍ ﻲﺳﻮﻣﻮﺑﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ
ﻢﻴﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪﻴــﺳﺭ ﺎﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻳﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍ ﺐــﻧﺎﺟ ﺯﺍ
ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺎﺑ ﺎﺠﻨﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺠﻴﻓﺎﻛ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ .ﻢﻴﻨﻛ ﺭﺎﺘﻓﺭ ﻦﻴﻣﺍﺪﻛ ﻪﻳﺎﭘﺮﺑ
ﺯﺍ ﻱﺪﻨﺳ :ﻩﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻲﺳﻮﻣﻮﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻭﺍ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ
ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻥﺎﺒﻌﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﺪﻋﻮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻢﻴﺘــﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﻫﺪﺑ ﻚﻳ
ﻲﻧﺎﺒﻌﺷ ﺎﻳ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﻥﺎﺒﻌﺷ ؟ﺖﺳﺍ ﺮﻈﻧﺪﻣ ﻥﺎﺒﻌﺷ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﻢﻴﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻤﻧ
(17). ... ؟ﻩﺪﻨﻳﺁ ﻥﺎﺒﻌﺷ ﺎﻳ ﻢﻴﺘﺴﻫ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ
ﻪﻳﺮﻈﻧ ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺴﻳﺎﻘﻣ
ﻪﭼ ﺎﺗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻭ ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ
ﻪﻛ ﻱﺪﻨــﺳ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻝﺎﺜﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ ﻩﺯﺍﺪــﻧﺍ
ﻲﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ ؛ﺖﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺮﻘﻣ ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻐﻠﺒﻣ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ
ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪــﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻱﻭﺎﺨــﺳ ﻭ ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻪــﻛ
ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻲﻧﺍﺩﺮﮔﺮﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺮﻴﺣ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻭ ﺪــﺷ ﻪﺋﺍﺭﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ
ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻊــﺿﻭ ﻪﺑ ﺖــﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﺭﺩ ﻭ
ﻱﺮﻌــﺷﺍ ﻲــﺳﻮﻣﻮﺑﺍ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺠﻴﻓﺎﻛ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻣﺍ ،ﺪﻳﺩﺮﮔ ﺮــﺠﻨﻣ
ﻥﺎﺘــﺳﺍﺩ ﻭﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻕﺍﺮﻋ ﻢﻛﺎﺣ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺋﺍﺭﺍ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻥﺎﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻭ ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ
.ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ
ﻱﻭﺎﺨــﺳ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ،ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻩﻭﻼﻋ
ﻲﺴﻛ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ :ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺢﻳﺮﺼﺗ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ
ﻲﻠﻌﻳ ،ﺩﺮﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ
ﻪﺑ ﻦﻤﻳ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻥﺁ ،ﺩﻮــﺑ ﻪﻴﻣﺍ ﻦﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻲﺑﻮﺘﻜﻣ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻠﻌﻳ .ﺩﺮﺑ ﻲﻣ ﺮــﺳ
ﻥﺁ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺖﺷﺍﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﺮﻤﻋ
ﻪﺑ .ﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺎﻬﻧ ﻲﭘ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻭ ﺪﻳﺪﻨــﺴﭘ ﺍﺭ
ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺣﺍ ﺍﺭ ﺮﺒﺧ ﻦﻳﺍ ،ﻱﻭﺎﺨﺳ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ
ﺭﺩ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ﺪﻨﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻞﺒﻨﺣ
ﻭ ﺮﺒﺧ ﺪﻨﺳ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻋ
ﺭﺎﻨﻳﺩ ﻦﺑ ﻭﺮﻤﻋ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﻭﺍﺭ ﻪﻠــﺴﻠﺳ
ﻪﺑ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻪﺘــﺴﺴﮔ ﻪﻴﻣﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲــﻠﻌﻳ ﻭ
ﻲﻠﻌﻳ ﻢﻫ ﻱﺪﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻢﺜﻴﻫ ،ﻱﻭ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻲــﺴﻛ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﺍﺭ
(18).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺏﺎــﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮــﺠﻫ
ﺕﺎﻘﺒﻃ ،ﻱﺭﺎﺨﺑ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺮﺒﺧ ﻦﻳﺍ
(19).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺮﺠﺣ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺐﻳﺬﻬﺗ ﻭ ﺪﻌﺳ ﻦﺑﺍ
ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻳﺮﻈﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ
(20)ﻱﻭﺎﺨﺳ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻪﺑ .ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ
،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺱﺎﺳﺍﺮﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻪﻠﺌــﺴﻣ ﺮــﺳ ﺮﺑ ﻖﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ
ﻩﺎﻣ ،ﺮﻤﻋ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻲﺴﻛ
.ﺖــﺴﻧﺍﺩ ﺮﺘﻬﺑ ،ﺪﻧﺩﺮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺯﺎﺑ ﺞﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ
ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺖــﻘﻓﺍﻮﻣ ﻭﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﻭﺭ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ
.ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ
ﻦﻴﻣﺍﺪﻛ ﺎﺑ :ﺪﻴــﺳﺮﭘ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻩﺎﮔ ﻥﺁ ... :ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ
ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻲﻫﻭﺮﮔ ﻭ ﺐﺟﺭ ﻩﺎــﻣ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺪﻋ ؟ﻢﻴﻨﻛ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻩﺎــﻣ
ﺩﺮﻛ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪــﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ
ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ،ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ» ﻪﻛ
ﺭﺎﺛﺁ ﻉﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻱﻭﺎﺨــﺳ (21).«ﺪﻧﺩﺮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺯﺎﺑ ﺞﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ
ﻪﺑ ﻢﻬﻨﻋ ﷲﺍ ﻲﺿﺭ ﻲــﻠﻋ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻤﺜﻋ ،ﺮﻤﻋ» ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻪــﺠﻴﺘﻧ
ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ
(22).«ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ
ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﺐﺟﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻑﻮﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ
ﺍﺮﻳﺯ ؛ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻱﺎــﻬﻫﺎﻣ
ﺩﺮﻛ ﺮﻣﺍ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻱﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ
ﺩﻼﺑ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻝﺎﺒﻧﺩ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ
(23).ﺩﻮﺷ ﻪﺘﺴﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ
ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢــﻫ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ
ﺮﺜﻛﺍ ؟ﻡﻭﺩ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻝﻭﺍ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ؟ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺭ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻲﻘﻬﻴﺑ ﻥﻮﭽﻤﻫ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻨﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ
ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻭﺩ
ﺍﺭ (ﻩﺎﻣ ﻩﺩ ﺩﻭﺪﺣ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ) ﻥﺁ ﻞــﺒﻗ ﺎﻣ ﻭ
(24).ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻩﺪﻳﺩﺎﻧ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺭﺍﺬــﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ ﺮــﻤﻋ ﻡﺍﺪــﻗﺍ
18 ﻭ 17 ،16 ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ (25)ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻳ .ﺪــﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ
ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺭﺩ
ﺍﺭ ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ،ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻪــﻛ ﻩﺩﺮــﻛ
ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺩﻼﻴﻣ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣﺮﺑ ﻪــﻛ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﺪﻨﺘﺳﺍﻮﺧ ﻲﻣ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﺲﭙﺳ .ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ
ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮــﻗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪــﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ
ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ (ﻉ)ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦــﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ
ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺮــﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﻛ
ﻪﻛ (26)ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ ﺮﻳﺎــﺳ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻨﻫﺩ
22
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﺰﻴﻧ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ .ﺪﻨﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ
ﻢﻫﺪﺠﻫ ﻭ ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ،ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﺷ ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ
(27).ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ
ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻲــﺳﺭﺮﺑ ﺯﺍ
ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻨﺒﻣ
ﻪﺑ ،ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﻥﺍﺪﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺕﺎﺒﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ،ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦــﺑ
ﺮﻈﻧ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻪــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ
:ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺩ
ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺖــﻠﻋ .1
ﺭﺩ ؛ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪــﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻥﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮــﻗ
ﺮﺗ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺖﻠﻋ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ
ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﻲﺘﺣﻭ ﺪــﻧﺭﺍﺩ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻓﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢــﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﻢــﻳﺩﺭﻭﺁ
ﺺﻴﺨــﺸﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺮﻴﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻢﻫ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻧﻮﮔ ﻪﺑ ﺩﺭﺍﻮــﻣ
ﻱﺪﻨﺳ ﻪﻠﻤﺟ ﺯﺍ ؛ﺩﺯﺎــﺳ ﻲﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﻣ ﻲﺴﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺖــﺳﺭﺩ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﺖﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻚﻳ ﺭﺩ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻥﺎﺒﻌــﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﺪﻋﻮﻣ ﻪﻛ
ﻢﻛﺎﺣ ﻱﺮﻌﺷﺍ ﻲﺳﻮﻣﻮﺑﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﺳﺭ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ
ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﺵﺰﻴﮕﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻚﻳﺮﺤﺗ ﻡﺍﺪﻛﺮﻫ ﻪــﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﻱﺭﺁ ؛ﻕﺍﺮﻋ ﺖﻗﻭ
ﻥﺍﺪﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﻮﺠﺘــﺴﺟ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ
،ﺖﺒﺛ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻨﻌﻣ
ﺪﺳﺭ ﻪﭼ ﺎﺗ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﻂﺒﺿ
ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﺎﻳ ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ
!(ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺎﻳ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ،ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﻞﻴﺒﻗ
ﻱﺍ ﻪﻟﺎﻫ ﺭﺩ ﻞﻗﺍﺪﺣ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻞﺻﺍ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﻳﺁ
ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻥﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﺎﻳﺁ ؟ﺪﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺪﻳﺩﺮﺗ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻬﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ
ﺩﺭﻮﺧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻜﺸﻣ ﻪﺑ -18 ﻭ 17 ،16 ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎــﺳ -ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ
ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﻮﺠﺘﺴﺟ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻮــﺷ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨــﺷﺎﺑ ﻩﺩﺮﻜﻧ
ﺭﻮﺸﻨﻣ ﻭ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ ،ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻪﻤﻫ ﻥﺁ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺎﻳﺁ ؟ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ
ﺐﻴﺗﺎﻜﻣ ﻥﻮﭽﻤﻫ ﻲﻳﺎﻬﺑﺎﺘﻛ ﺭﺩ ﻲﺻﺎﺼﺘﺧﺍ ﻪﻧﻮﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮــﺧ
ﻭ ﻲﺠﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﻱﺪــﻤﺣﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻒﻴﻟﺄﺗ ﺪــﻠﺠﻣ 3 ﺭﺩ (ﺹ)ﻝﻮــﺳﺮﻟﺍ
،ﻩﺪﺷ ﻱﺭﻭﺁ ﻊﻤﺟ ﷲﺍﺪﻴﻤﺣ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﻪﺘــﺷﻮﻧ ﻪﻴــﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟﺍ
؟ﺖــﺴﻴﭼ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺲﭘ ،ﺩﺯ ﻲﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺮﮔﺍ ؟ﺩﺯ ﻲﻤﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺯﺍ ﻝﻮﻘﻨﻣ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ،ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻦــﺌﻤﻄﻣ ﺪﻳﺩﺮﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻣ ﻪــﭽﻧﺁ
ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻲﺘﻗﻭ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﷲﺍﺪﺒﻋ
.ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺎــﺳ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺖــﺷﺍﺬﮔ ﻱﺎﭘ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ
ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺕﺮــﻀﺣ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭﺩ ﻲﻜﻳ ،ﻡﺩﺮــﻣ
ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﻪﻣﺍﺩﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺮﺑ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻭ ﺮﻜﺑﻮﺑﺍ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻡﺎﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﺷ ﻊﻄﻗ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﭙﺳ .ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺮﻤﻋ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ
ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺪﻨﭼﺮﻫ (28).ﺪــﺷ ﻊﺿﻭ
ﺪﻬﻋ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻱﺎﻳﻮﮔ ﺖﺣﺍﺮﺻ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﺪــﻧ
ﺩﻮﺧ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ
ﺰﻴﻧ ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲــﻧﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻖــﺸﻣﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻛﺎــﺴﻋ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺎﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ :ﺪﻳﻮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺲﻧﺍ .ﺪــﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻳﺄﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻦــﻳﺍ
ﻦﺑ ﺔﻤﻠــﺳﻮﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ (29).ﺪــﺷ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ
ﺖﺳﺍ ﻝﻮﻘﻨﻣ ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﺏﺎﻬــﺷ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻭ (ﻕ100 ﺩ)ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺭﺍﺮﻗﺮﺑ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺎﺑ (ﺹ)ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻪــﻛ
(30).ﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎﻣﺮﻓ
ﻪﺑ ،ﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻢﻴﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻠﻳﻻﺩ ﻭ ﺪﻫﺍﻮﺷ ﺯﺍ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺳﺩ
ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮــﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ :ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎــﻏﺁ ﻩﺎــﻣ .2
ﻭﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﻭﺎــﺸﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﮕﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
.ﺪﻨﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺭﺎﻜﺷﺁ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﺭﺩ
ﺐﺟﺭ ؛ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻥﺍﻮــﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻱﺎــﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ
ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ؛ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ
ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺍﺮــﺣ ﻱﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻲــﻜﻳ ﻭ (ﻱﺮﻤﻗ) ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭ ؛ﺪﻧﺩﺮﮔ ﻲﻣﺯﺎﺑ ﺞــﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﻜﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ .ﺪﺷ ﺡﺮﻄﻣ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
ﻝﻭﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ،ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻡﺍﺪﻛ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ،ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ،ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ
ﻪﺘﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻉﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﻚــﻳ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻪﻤﻫ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﻳﺁ .ﺪــﻧﺩﺮﻛ
،ﺏﺮﻋ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ،ﻢﻳﺮﻛ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﻧﺮﮕﻣ ؟ﺖــﺳﺍ
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺎﻣﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻭ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻩﺩﺯﺍﻭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﺍﺭ ءﻲــﺴﻧ ﻭ ﻡﻼﻋﺍ ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻱﺎــﻬﻫﺎﻣ
:ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ

ِ

ﷲﺍ ِ ﺏﺎَ ﺘ
ِ
ﻛ ﻲ
ِ
ﻓ ﺍ
ً

ْ
ﻬــ َ ﺷ
َ
ﺮــ َ ﺸ
َ
ﻋ ﺎَ ﻨْ ﺛﺍ
ِ

ﷲﺍ َ ﺪْ ﻨ
ِ
ﻋ ِ ﺭﻮ
ُ
ﻬــ ﱡ ﺸﻟﺍ َ ﺓ ﱠ ﺪ
ِ
ﻋ ﱠ ﻥِ ﺇ»

ُ
ﻦﻳ ﱢ ﺪﻟﺍ
َ

ِ

َ

ٌ

ُ

ُ
ﺣ ٌ ﺔ
َ

َ

ْ

َ
ﺃ ﺎ
َ
ﻬْ ﻨ
ِ
ﻣ َ ﺽ
ْ

َ ْ
ﻷﺍ
َ

ِ
ﺕﺍ
َ
ﻭﺎ
َ
ﻤــ

ﺴﻟﺍ َ ﻖ
َ
ﻠ َ ﺧ
َ

ْ

َ


َ

َ
ﻛ ً ﺔ

ﻓﺎ
َ

َ
ﻦﻴ
ِ
ﻛِ ﺮ ْ ﺸ
ُ

ْ
ﻟﺍ ﺍﻮ
ُ

ِ
ﺗﺎَ ﻗ
َ

ْ

ُ
ﻜــ
َ
ﺴُ ﻔْ ﻧ
َ


ﻦِ ﻬﻴ
ِ
ﻓ ﺍﻮ
ُ

ِ

ْ
ﻈَ ﺗ َ ﻼَ ﻓ
ُ


ﻴَ ﻘ
ْ
ﻟﺍ

ُ
ءﻲــ
ِ
ﺴﱠ ﻨﻟﺍ ﺎ
َ
ﻤﱠﻧِ ﺇ .
َ
ﻦﻴ
ِ
ﻘﱠ ﺘ
ُ

ْ
ﻟﺍ
َ

َ

َﱠ
ﷲﺍ ﱠ ﻥ
َ
ﺃ ﺍﻮ
ُ

َ

ْ
ﻋﺍ
َ
ﻭ ً ﺔــ

ﻓﺎ
َ

ْ

ُ
ﻜَﻧﻮ
ُ

ِ
ﺗﺎَ ﻘ
ُ


ُ
ﻪَﻧﻮ
ُ



َ

ُ

َ
ﻭ ﺎ
ً
ﻣﺎ
َ

ُ
ﻪَﻧﻮ


ِ

ُ
ﻳ ﺍﻭ
ُ
ﺮَ ﻔ
َ

َ
ﻦﻳ
ِ


ﻟﺍ
ِ
ﻪِﺑ

ﻞ َ ﻀ
ُ
ﻳ ِ ﺮْ ﻔ
ُ

ْ
ﻟﺍ ﻲ
ِ
ﻓ ٌ ﺓ
َ
ﺩﺎ
َ
ﻳ ِ ﺯ

ْ

ُ

َ

َ


ﻳ ُ ﺯ
ُﱠ
ﷲﺍ
َ



َ
ﺣ ﺎ
َ
ﻣ ﺍﻮ


ِ

ُ
ﻴَ ﻓ
ُﱠ
ﷲﺍ
َ


ﺮــ
َ
ﺣ ﺎ
َ
ﻣ َ ﺓ ﱠ ﺪ
ِ
ﻋ ﺍﻮُ ﺌ
ِ
ﻃﺍ
َ

ُ

ِ
ﻟ ﺎــ
ً
ﻣﺎ
َ

(31).«
َ
ﻦﻳ ِ ﺮ
ِ
ﻓﺎ
َ

ْ
ﻟﺍ
َ

ْ
ﻮَ ﻘ
ْ
ﻟﺍ ﻱ
ِ

ْ

َ
ﻳ َ ﻻ
ُﱠ
ﷲﺍ
َ

ْ
ﻢِ ﻬ
ِ
ﻟﺎ
َ

ْ

َ

ُ
ءﻮ
ُ

ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻭ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻝﺎﺣ
،ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ
،ﻝﺎﺳ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻢﻴﻫﺍﻮﺧ ؟ﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺮﭼ
ﻭ ﺪﻨﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻪﮕﻧ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ
ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺩ :ﺪﻨﺘﻔﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮــﺣ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻞــﺜﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ
ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻥﻮﭼ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻡﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻢﺘــﺸﻫ ﻭ ﻞﻬﭼ
ﺯﺍ ﺖــﺴﻳﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ ﺝﻼﻋﻻ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ
.ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺭﺎﻤﺸﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﻴﺟﻮﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻥﺎﮔﺪﻨﻫﺩ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻱﻮﺳ ﺯﺍ
ﻡﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻝﻻﺪﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﻮﺧ
23
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﻮﻈﻨﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ
ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﺭﺩ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ
(32).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺍﺮﻳﺯ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ
:ﺖﻔﮔ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﻱﺍﺮــﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﻪﻴﺟﻮﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺮــﻤﻋ
ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ،ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ
(33).ﺪﻧﺩﺮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺯﺎﺑ ﺞﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ
ﺱﻭﺩﺮﻓ ﺏﺎﺘﻛ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻤﻠﻳﺩ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺜﻳﺪﺣ ﺭﺩ
ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻲﻤﻠﻳﺩ ﺮﺴﭘ .«ﺖﺳﺍ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ،ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ» ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ
ﻩﺩﺮﻜﻧ ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﻥﺎﻳﻭﺍﺭ ﻪﻠــﺴﻠﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻣﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺯﺍ ﺍﺭ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
(34).ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ :ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻥﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ ﻝﺎــﺳ .3
ﺮﻈﻧ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪــﻳﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﺖــﺷﺬﮔ
ﻥﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻭ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪــﻧﺭﺍﺩ
ﻪﭼ ﺭﺩ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ
ﻢﻫﺪﺠﻫ ﻭ ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ،ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﺷ ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻲﻟﺎﺳ
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ
–ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻢﻳﺮﻳﺬﭙﺑ ﺮﮔﺍ
ﻭ ﻂﺒﺿ ،ﺖﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺪﻧ -ﻱﺮﺠﻫﺮﻴﻏ ﻭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻢﻋﺍ
ﺲﭘ ﺎﻳﺁ ،ﺪﻧﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪــﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺵﺭﺍﺰــﮔ
ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻥﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﺏﺎﺨﺘﻧﺍ ﻦــﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ
،ﺪﻨــﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮕﻧ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻥﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻭ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺲﭘ ﻭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻲﺘﺣ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻤﻬﻣ ﺲﺑ ﺩﺍﺪﻳﻭﺭ ﻢــﻫ ﻥﺁ
ﻢﻬﻣ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﻳﺁ !؟ﺪﻧﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺩﺍﺪــﻧ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻢﻫ ﻝﻭﺍ ﻪــﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻭﺍ ﺯﺍ
ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻖﻴﻗﺩ ﻥﺎــﻨﭼ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻪــﻧﻮﮔﺮﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻪــﺑ ﺪــﻳﺎﺒﻧ ﺍﺭ
ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻔﻟﺎﺨﻣ ﻱﺍﺮــﺑ ﻢﻛ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﺪﻨﻤﺷﺯﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺖﻴﻤﻫﺍ ﺎﺑ ﻩﺯﺍﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﭼ ﺎﺗ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ
؟ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ،(ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ (ﺏ
،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬــﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺭﻭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻦﻳﺪﺑ .ﺖــﺳﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺺﺨﺷ
.ﺩﺍﺩ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻲــﻧﺪﻤﺗ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺪــﻨﭼ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲــﭘ
،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺪﺠــﺴﻣ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ ،ﻪﻌﻤﺟ ﺯﺎﻤﻧ ﻱﺭﺍﺰﮔﺮﺑ ﻪﻠﻤﺟ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ
ﻭ ﺭﺎﺼﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ ﻱﺭﺩﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴــﺳﺄﺗ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺐﺣﺎﺻ (35).ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﺭﻮــﺸﻨﻣ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺖﺤﺻ ﺭﺩ ﺪﻳﺩﺮﺗ ﺭﺎﻬﻇﺍ ﻦﻤﺿ ،ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﺕﺎــﺒﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ
ﻭ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﺭﺎﻬﻇﺍ ،ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ
ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﺘﺒــﺳﺎﻨﻣ ﺭﺩ
ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻂﻘﻓ ﻭ ﻂﻘﻓ ،ﺩﺎﺘﻓﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﺮﻤﻋ ﺭﺎﮔﺯﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ
ﻢﻴﻫﺍﻮﺧ (36).ﺩﻮﺑ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ
،ﻢﻳﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﺮﺗ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧ ﺖﺤﺻ ﻱﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺩ
ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺎﮔ ﻥﺁ ﻭ ﺪﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﻲﻌﻴﺒﻃ ،ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﻳﺎﭘﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ
.ﺪﻧﺮﻳﺬﭙﺑ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ﺍﺭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻱﺎﻬﺘﻧﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ
ﻭ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻪــﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺕﺎﺒﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻲــﻀﺗﺮﻣ ﺮﻔﻌﺟﺪﻴــﺳ
ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﻭ ﻞﻳﻻﺩ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﻢﻬﻣ (37).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﺪﻫﺎــﺷ
:ﺩﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺻﻼﺧ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ
ﻞﻘﻧ ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﺏﺎﻬــﺷ ﻦﺑ ﻢﻠــﺴﻣ ﻦﺑﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺯﺍ :ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ .1
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ
.(38).ﺪﻧﺭﺍﺬﮕﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ ،ﺪﺷ ﺮﻬﺷ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ
ﺐﻳﺬﻬﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻛﺎــﺴﻋ ﻦﺑﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻱﻭ
ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺖﻟﻻﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻖﺸﻣﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻞﻴﻓ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻳﺮﻗ» :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻝﻮﻤﻌﻣ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ
ﺭﺎﺠﻓ ﻱﺎﻬﮕﻨﺟ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻤﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻞﻬﭼ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺎﺠﻓ ﻱﺎﻬﮕﻨﺟ ﺎﺗ
ﺎﺗ ﻭﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺖﺼــﺷ ﺍﺭ ﻩﺮﻴﻐﻣ ﻦﺑ ﻡﺎــﺸﻫ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﺎﺗ
ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺎﺗ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻪﻧ ﺍﺭ ﻪﺒﻌﻛ ﻱﺎﻨﺑ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﺞﻨﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ .ﻝﺎﺳ ﻩﺩﺰﻧﺎﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ
ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﭙﺳ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﺣﻭ ﻝﻭﺰﻧ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻁﻮﺑﺮﻣ ﻥﺁ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺖﺤﺻ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﻭ (39).«ﺪــﺷ ﻉﻭﺮــﺷ
ﻞﻴﻓ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﻝﺎﻜــﺷﺍ ﻊﻓﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺩﻮــﺧ
،ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻞﻬﭼ ،ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺖــﺴﻴﺑ ﻱﺎﺟ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺭﺎﺠﻓ ﻱﺎﻬﮕﻨﺟ ﻭ
ﺭﺩ ﻱﻭ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﺭﺎﻬﻇﺍ (40)ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﺯﺍ ﻲﺘﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻪﺑ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ
ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻣﺪﺻ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﻫﺯ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻲﻧﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﺕﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﺯﺍ ؟ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻤﻧ
ﺽﺍﺮﻋﺍ ﻲﻠﺒﻗ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ
.ﺪﻨﺘﺷﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﺑ ﺲﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ
ﻲﻟﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﻛ ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﷲﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﺯﺍ ﻢﻛﺎﺣ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ .2
24
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﷲﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻣﺁ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ
(41).ﺪﻣﺁ ﺎﻴﻧﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺮﻴﺑﺯ ﻦﺑ
ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻛﺎﺴﻋ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻧﺍ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ .3
ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ :ﺖﻔﮔ ﻪﻛ ﻖﺸﻣﺩ
ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪــﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ (43)ﻲﻀﺗﺮﻣ (42).ﺩﻮﺑ ﻪــﻨﻳﺪﻣ
.ﺩﻮﺒﻧ ﺮﻤﻋ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺖﻟﻻﺩ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﺳﺭﺎﻓ ﻥﺎﻤﻠﺳ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ .4
ﻂﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﻬﻧ
ﻩﺪﺷ ﺮﻬﻣ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻢﺗﺎﺧ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺖــﺳﺍ (ﻉ)ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ
ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ،ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻲﻧﺎﻬﻔﺻﺍ ﻢﻴﻌﻧﻮﺑﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺍ ﻪﺨــﺴﻧ ﺭﺩ .ﺖــﺳﺍ
:ﺖﺳﺍ
،ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺏﺎﺘﻛ ﺍﺬﻫ ؛ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﻢــﺴﺑ»
.«... ﻪﺒﻘﻋ ﻭ ﻪﺘﻴﺑ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻭ ﺫﺍﺪﻨﺑ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﻴﺧﺄﺑ ﺔﻴﺻﻭ ﻥﺎﻤﻠﺳ ﻪﻟﺄﺳ
:ﺩﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ
ﺐﺟﺭ ﻲﻓ (ﺹ) ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺮﻣﺎﺑ ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺐــﺘﻛ ﻭ»
ﻭ ،ﻥﺎﻤﺜﻋ ﻭ ،ﺮﻤﻋ ﻭ ،ﺮﻜﺑﻮﺑﺍ ﺮﻀﺣ ﻭ ﺓﺮﺠﻬﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻊــﺴﺗ ﻪﻨــﺳ
ﻭ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻠﺳ ﻭ ،ﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻭ ،ﺪﻌــﺳ ﻭ ،ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﻭ ،ﺮﻴﺑﺯ ﻭ ،ﻪﺤﻠﻃ
ﺔﻋﺎﻤﺟ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺪﻘﻣ ﻭ ،ﻝﻼﺑ ﻭ ،ﺐﻴﻬﺻ ﻭ ،ﻪﻨﻴﻴﻋ ﻭ ،ﺭﺎﻤﻋ ﻭ ،ﺭﺫﻮﺑﺍ
(44).«ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻭﺮﺧﺁ
:ﻪﺒﻴﺒﺣ ﻲﻨﺑ ﻭ ﺎﻨﻘﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺩﻮﻬﻳ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ .5
ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ (45)ﻱﺭﺫﻼﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻪﺑ
ﻡﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻚﻳ ﺮﺑ ﻥﺎــﻧﺁ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺖــﺷﻮﻧ ﻪﺒﻴﺒﺣ ﻲﻨﺑ ﻭ ﺎﻨﻘﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺩﻮﻬﻳ
ﻲﻏﺎﺑ ﺕﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ﻭ ﺡﻼﺳ ﻭ ﻩﺭﺯ ،ﻲﺟﺎﺴﻧ ،ﻱﺮﻴﮕﻴﻫﺎﻣ ﺪﻣﺁﺭﺩ
ﻲﻠﻋ ﺐﺘﻛ ﻭ» :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﺮﻛ ﺢﻠﺻ
ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ :«ﻊﺴﺗ ﺔﻨــﺳ ﻲﻓ ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ
.ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﻢﻬﻧ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ
«ﻮﺑﺍ» ﻩژﺍﻭ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻱﻮﺤﻧ ﺩﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺦــﺳﺎﭘ ﻦﻤﺿ (46)ﻲﻀﺗﺮﻣ
ﺐﻴﺗﺎﻜﻣ ﻪــﺑ ﺩﺎﻨﺘــﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ «ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ ﻦــﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ» :ﺕﺭﺎــﺒﻋ ﺭﺩ
ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺢﻳﺮﺼﺗ ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻩﺭﺎــﺷﺍ (47)ﻝﻮــﺳﺮﻟﺍ
ﺎﻨﻘﻣ ﻲﻟﺎﻫﺍ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﻬﻧ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ
ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ ،ﻩﺪﻴــﺳﺭ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻪــﻛ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ
ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻭ ﻪﻄﺨﺑ ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺐﺘﻛ ﻭ» :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ
ﻦﻣ ﺖﻠﺧ ﻝﺎــﻴﻟ ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟ ﺔﻌﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻡﻮــﻳ ً ﺎﻓﺮﺣ ً ﺎﻓﺮﺣ ﻪــﻴﻠﻋ ﻲﻠﻤﻳ
ﻭ ﺮﺳﺎﻳ ﻦﺑﺭﺎﻤﻋ ﺪﻬﺷ ﻭ ﺓﺮﺠﻬﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻀﻣ ﺲﻤﺧ ﺔﻨﺳ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ
(48).«ﻱﺭﺎﻔﻐﻟﺍ ﺭﺫﻮﺑﺍ ﻭ ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻲﻟﻮﻣ ﻲﺳﺭﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻠﺳ
ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ :ﻖــﺸﻣﺩ ﻲﻟﺎﻫﺍ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺪــﻴﻟﻭ ﻦﺑﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢــﻠﺻ .6
:ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﻖﺸﻣﺩ ﻲﻟﺎﻫﺍ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ
ﺮﺑ ﺮﻣﺎﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻋﺎﻀﻗ ﻭ ﻪﻨﺴﺣ ﻦﺑ ﻞﻴﺒﺣﺮﺷ ﻭ ،ﺡﺍﺮﺟ ﻩﺪﻴﺒﻋﻮﺑﺍ»
(49).«ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻴﺳ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺍﻮﮔ ﻥﺁ
چﻮﻛ ﻡﺎﮕــﻨﻫ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻦــﻳﺍ (50)ﻱﺮــﮕﻳﺩ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ
ﻦﻤﺿ ﺪﻴﻟﻭ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻭ ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﻙﻮﻣﺮﻳ ﺖﻤﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻪﺑ ،ﻥﺍﺪﻫﺎــﺷ ﻲﻫﺍﻮﮔ ﺖــﺒﺛ
.ﺩﺯ
ﻱﻭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻲﺘﺣ (51)ﻲﻀﺗﺮﻣ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻪﺑ
ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎــﺳ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺍﺮــﻳﺯ ؛ﺪﻧﺯ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻱﺍ ﻪــﻣﺪﺻ
ﺍﺭ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻢﻫﺪﻔﻫ ﺎﺗ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎــﺷ
،ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻲﻳﺎﻋﺩﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ؛ﺪﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﺸﻧ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻪﺑ :ﻥﺍﺮﺠﻧ ﻥﺎﻴﺤﻴﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ .7
ﺍﺭ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ (53)،ﻲﻧﺎﺘﻛ ﻭ (52)ﻲﻃﻮﻴــﺳ
ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﺑ ،ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﻥﺍﺮﺠﻧ ﻥﺎﻴﺤﻴــﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺪﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ
.ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺠﻨﭘ
25
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ،ﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﺴﻛ ،ﻱﻭ ﻩﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﻪﺑ
.ﺩﺮﻛ ﻱﻭﺮﻴﭘ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ
ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ ،ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻪﺑ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ (54)ﻲﻜﻣ ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﺪﻴﺳ
ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺪﻳﺪﻨﺴﭘ ﻭ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﺖﻨﺳ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ» ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ ،ﻥﺍﺮــﺠﻧ ﻥﺎﻴﺤﻴــﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪــﺧ
.«ﺩﻮﻣﺮﻓ ﺮﻣﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻪﺑ ،ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﻲﻣ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﺕﺎﺒﺛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺰــﻴﻧ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺐــﺣﺎﺻ
ﺭﻮﻛﺬﻣ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻻﺪﺘﺳﺍ ﺕﺭﺪﻗ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﺩﻮﺧ
ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎــﺸﻧ ﻪﭼﺮﮔﺍ ؛ﺪــﺳﺭ ﻲﻤﻧ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ (ﺹ) ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ ﻭ ﻡﻼﻛ ﺭﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
:ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﺭﺩ ﻱﻭ
ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻦــﺷﻭﺭ ﺖــﺷﺬﮔ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ»
ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬــﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮــﻤﻋ ﻪﻛ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﺕﺮﻬــﺷ
ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻳﺄﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻲﻠﻴﻟﺩ ﻪﻧ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻝﻮﺒﻗ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ ﻪﻧ ،ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ،ﺩﺮﻛ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪــﻛ ﻱﺭﺎﻛ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪــﻜﻠﺑ
ﻪﭼ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺃﺭ ﻪﺑ ﻪﭼ ،ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻱﺎﺟ
(55).«ﻥﺎﻤﺜﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ
ﻪﺻﻼﺧ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺡﺮــﺷ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ،ﻱﺪﻨﺑ ﻊﻤﺟ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻀﺗﺮﻣ
(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺴﻴﻧ ﺪﻴﻌﺑ» :ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ
ﻥﺁ ﻪﻳﺎﭘﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺩﻮﻣﺮﻓ ﻱﺭﺍﺬــﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ
،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﻥﺁ ﻡﺩﺮــﻣ ﻢﻛ ﻱﺪﻨﻣﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺐﺒــﺳ ﻪﺑ ،ﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
،ﺩﻮﺧ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﺭﺎﮔﺯﻭﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺮــﻤﻋ ﻩﺎﮔ ﻥﺁ .ﺩﺮــﻜﻧ ﺍﺪﻴﭘ ﺕﺮﻬــﺷ
ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻕﺎــﻔﺗﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻚﻳ ﺮﺑ ﺎﺗ ﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻢــﻫ ﺩﺮﮔ ﺍﺭ ﻪــﺑﺎﺤﺻ
ﻪﻛ ﺪــﺷ ﺡﺮﻄﻣ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻧﺎﺿﺮﻐﻣ ﻪﺘــﺳﺍﻮﺧ ﻲﻳﺁ ﻢﻫﺩﺮﮔ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﻣﺍ
ﻥﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺩﺮﭙﺳ ﻲــﺷﻮﻣﺍﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺁ ﻑﺪﻫ
ﻲﻜﻳ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﻥﺎــﻣﺮﻓ ﻥﺍﺪﺑ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺕﺮــﻀﺣ
ﻱﺩﻮﻬﻳ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻥﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻭ ﺖــﺷﺍﺩ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻥﺎﻴﻣﻭﺭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪــﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﺭﻭﺎــﺸﻣ ﻥﺍﺰﻣﺮﻫ ﻭ ﺭﺪﻨﻜــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ
ﻲﻣﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻭ ﺖﻨﻄﻠــﺳ ﺖﺨﺗ ﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻫﺎــﺷ ﺱﻮﻠﺟ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﻥﺍﺮﻳﺍ
ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ
ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻲﻠﻫﺎﺟﺮﺼﻋ ﺮﺧﺍﻭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺏﺮﻋ ﻥﺎــﻣﺩﺮﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ
ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻖﺣ ﺭﺍﺩ ﻢــﭼﺮﭘ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺩ ﺭﺍﺪــﺳﺎﭘ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ (ﻉ)ﻲــﻠﻋ
(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺐــﺳﺎﻨﻣ
ﻥﺁ ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺕﺍﺪﻫﺎﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﻴــﺴﺑ ﻭ ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ
ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺰﺟ ﺪﻧﺪﻳﺪﻧ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﭼ ﻪــﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺖﺳﺍ ﻖﺣ ﻭﺍ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻥﺎﻋﺫﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺮﻳﺬﭙﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ
.ﺰﻴﭼ ﻪﻤﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺮﺗﺮﺑ ﻩﺭﺍﻮﻤﻫ ﻖﺣ ﻭ
ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺖــﻠﻋ
ﻪﺑ ،ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﺎﻳ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺯﻭﺭ ﻪﻧ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮــﻗ
ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻪــﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻩﺩﺎــﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻮﻓ ﺖﻴﻤﻫﺍ ﻅﺎــﺤﻟ
ﻦﻴﻣﺯﺮﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺭﺍﻮﺧ ﻭ ﺖﻟﺫ ﺯﺍ ﺮﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ،ﻙﺮﺷ ﻦﻴﻣﺯﺮﺳ
.ﺩﺎﻬﻧ ﻡﺪﻗ ،ﺩﺯ ﻲﻣ ﺝﻮﻣ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﺖﻣﺍﺮﻛ ﻭ ﺕﺰﻋ ﻪﻛ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ
ﻲﻫﺎﮕﻳﺎﺟ ﺖﻴﻧﺎﺴﻧﺍ ﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺖﺧﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺲﺑ
ﻪﻧﻼﻴﻟﺫ ﻊﺿﺍﻮﻣ ﻪﻤﻫ ،ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭽﻤﻫ
ﺭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻥﺍﺪﻴﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺍﺮﮕﻤﺘــﺳ ﻭ ﺖﻴﻏﺍﻮﻃ ﻪﺑ ﻁﻮﺑﺮﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ
ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻴﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺪﻧ ﻩﺯﺎﺟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺮﻛ
ﮓﻨﻫﺮﻓ ،ﺙﺍﺮﻴﻣ ﻥﺎﻧﻮﭼ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺍﻭﺩ ﻪﺸﻳﺭ ﺖﻳﺮﺸﺑ ﻪﺸﻳﺪﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻫﺫ
(56).«ﺪﻧﺎﻤﺑ ﻲﻗﺎﺑ ﺖﻴﻧﺎﺴﻧﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﻤﺘﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﻠﺴﻧ ﺭﺩ ﻲﮔﺪﻧﺯ ﻭ
ﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ (ﺝ
ﻥﺎﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﻪﻛ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺍﻮﺘﺑ ﺪﺳﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻪﺑ
ﻱﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻪﺑ ،ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺳﺍ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻲﻠﺒﻗ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ
ﺍﺭ ﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺮﺗ ﻚﻳﺩﺰﻧ ﺖﻘﻴﻘﺣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﺖــﺳﺩ
:ﻢﻴﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻪﺻﻼﺧ ﺮﻳﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻣ ﺭﺩ
ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻜﻣ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺪﺻ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ .1
ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘــﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻱﻭﺪﺑ ﻭ ﻥﺪــﻤﺘﻣ ﻞﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺍﻮﻗﺍ ﺮﻳﺎــﺳ
ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ ﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮﻗ ،ﺙﺩﺍﻮــﺣ ،ﺎــﻫﺩﺍﺪﺧﺭ
ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺪــﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ،ﻩﺩﺯ ﻲــﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺁ ﻪــﻳﺎﭘ
ﻪﺘــﺷﺍﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺕﻭﺍﺪﺑ ﻢﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ﻢﻫ ﻲﻠﻫﺎﺟ ﻥﺎﺘــﺴﺑﺮﻋ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ
ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﻢﻬﻣ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮــﺣ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣﺮﺑ ﻪﻛ
ﻢﺘﺧ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻠﻫﺎﺟ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﻩﺪﻤﻋ
ﻭ ﺭﻮﻬﺸﻣ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻦﻳﺮﺧﺁ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻞﻴﻓ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ،ﺪــﺷ
ﺰﻴﻧ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﻡﺮﻛﺍ ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻠﻫﺎﺟ ﺏﺮﻋ ﻑﻭﺮﻌﻣ
ﺭﺩ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ :ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻭ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻥﺁ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮــﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺐﺷ ﻩﺎﺠﻨﭘ ﻪﻠﺻﺎﻓ ﻪﺑ (ﻞﻴﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ) ﻞﻴﻓ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﻞﻴﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻢﻠﻬﭼ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ (57).ﺪﻣﺁ ﺎــﻴﻧﺩ
(58).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ
ﺎﺗ ﻞﻗﺍﺪﺣ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻥﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺑ
،ﻙﺭﺍﺪﻣ ،ﺩﺎﻨﺳﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻧﺎﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﻭ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻁﻮــﺑﺮﻣ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ ﻪﻴﻗﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﻊــﻳﺎﻗﻭ ،ﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ
ﻥﺪﻳﺩ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺪﻨﻧﺰﺑ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻦــﻴﻳﺁ
،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻥﺎﺒﻌﺷ ﻥﺁ ﺖﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ ﺪﻋﻮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻟﺎﻣ ﺪﻨﺳ ﻚﻳ
ﻭ ﺕﺮﻴﺣ ﺭﺎﭼﺩ گﺭﺰــﺑ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ ﻭ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻪــﻠﻤﺟ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﮕــﻤﻫ
ﺵﺰﻴﮕﻧﺍ ﺐﺟﻮﻣ ﻲﻜﭼﻮﻛ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻭ ﺪﻧﻮــﺷ ﻲﻧﺍﺩﺮﮔﺮــﺳ
ﻲﻟﺎﺣﺭﺩ !؟ﺩﻮﺷ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﺴﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﻮﺠﺘﺴﺟ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺁ
ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻛ
،ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺪﻬﻋ ،ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ؛ﺩﻮﺑ ﻪﺘــﺳﻮﻴﭘ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺪﻤﻋ ﻊــﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ
ﻱﺮﻴﻄﺧ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﺗﺭﺎﻔــﺳ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻳﺭﻮﻣﺄﻣ ﻭ ﺎﻀﻣﺍ ،ﺎﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﺢﻠﺻ
ﻥﺎﺘــﺴﺑﺮﻋ ﺝﺭﺎﺧ ﻭ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻎﻴﻠﺒﺗ ﻭ ﺞــﻳﻭﺮﺗ ﻱﺍﺮــﺑ
26
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﺯﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻨﺘﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺎﻳﺁ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ
ﻥﺁ ﺮﺑ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻋ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻩﺪﻳﺯﺭﻭ ﺖﻠﻔﻏ ﻝﻮﻤﻌﻣ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻭ ﻢﺳﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﺖﻳﺮﺸﺑ ﻪﻤﻫ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻭ (59)ﺖﺳﺍ ﻲﻬﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ ﻢﺗﺎﺧ ﻪﻛ ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ
(60).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺷ ﺙﻮﻌﺒﻣ
ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺖﻟﻻﺩ ﺡﻮﺿﻭ ﻪﺑ ﺱﺎــﺒﻋ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﻭﺍ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘــﺷﺍﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺭﺩ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺭﺎﮔﺯﻭﺭ
،ﺖــﺷﺍﺬﮔ ﻱﺎﭘ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻲﺘﻗﻭ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺪــﺷ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ
ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻭﺩ ﻲﻜﻳ ،ﻡﺩﺮﻣ .ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺎــﺳ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪــﻧﺩﺮﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻥﺎــﺸﻳﺍ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲــﭘ
ﻊﻄﻗ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﻪﻣﺍﺩﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ
(61). ... ﺪﺷ
ﻲﺘﻗﻭ ﻪــﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻱﺎــﻳﻮﮔ ﻱﺮــﻫﺯ ﺏﺎﻬــﺷ ﻦﺑﺍ ﺖــﻳﺍﻭﺭ
(62).ﺩﺮﻛ ﺮﻣﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ ،ﺪــﺷ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ
ﺯﻭﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﻲﺘﻗﻭ ﻪﻛ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺭﺎﻴــﺸﻬﺟ
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻢﻫﺩﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻢﻫﺩﺯﺍﻭﺩ ﻪﺒﻨــﺷﻭﺩ
ﻱﺭﺍﺬﮔ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﻮﺘﺳﺩ ،ﺪــﺷ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ
ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺢﻳﺮﺼﺗ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻚﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺮﻫﺯ (63)ﺪﻨﻨﻛ
(64)ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻭ ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻜﻣ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺖﻟﺎﺳﺭ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ .2
ﻲﻧﺪﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻲﻜﻣ ،ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻩﺭﻮﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺁ ﻲﺘﺣ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻚﻳ ﺮﻫ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ (65).ﺪﻨﻣﺎﻧ ﻲﻣ
ﺺﺨﺸﻣ ً ﻼﻣﺎﻛ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻚﻳ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻭ
ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﺯﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ
ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺍ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻜﻣ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻩﺩﺰﻴــﺳ ﻪﻛ
ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ
ﻥﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻨﻠﻋ ،ﺭﺍﺬﻧﻻﺍ ﻡﻮﻳ ﻭ ﻥﺍﺪﻧﻭﺎﺸﻳﻮﺧ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﻥﻮﭼ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺪﻨﻨﻛ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﺐﻌــﺷ ﺭﺩ ﻩﺮﺻﺎﺤﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ،ﺕﻮﻋﺩ
ﺖﺷﺬﮔﺭﺩ ،(ﺱ)ﺍﺮﻫﺯ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﺝﺍﺮﻌﻣ ﻭ ءﺍﺮﺳﺍ ،ﻪﺸﺒﺣ ﻪﺑ
ﻝﻭﺍ ﻱﺎﻬﺘﻌﻴﺑ ،ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ،(ﺱ)ﻪﺠﻳﺪﺧ ﻭ ﺐﻟﺎﻃﻮﺑﺍ
ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻲﺘﺣ ﻭ ﻪﺒﻘﻋ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻭ
(66).ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻪﺑ ﻥﺍﻭﺮﻴﭘ ﻭ ﻥﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺎﺑ ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﻩﺯﺎﺟﺍ (ﺹ)ﻡﺮﻛﺍ ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﻪــﻛ ﻩﺎﮔ ﻥﺁ
ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﻥﺎﻣﺎــﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺏﺮﺜﻳ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ
ﻪﻧﺎﺒﺷ (67)ﺖﺜﻌﺑ ﻢﻫﺩﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﺎﻳ ﻢﻫﺩﺰﻴﺳ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﻫﺩ ﺖﺒﺜﻣ
ﺪﻴﻧﺎﺑﺍﻮﺧ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺮﺘــﺴﺑ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﻪﻛ ﻲــﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ ﻲــﻧﺎﻬﻨﭘ ﻭ
ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ،ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺶﻴﭘ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺏﺮــﺜﻳ ﻩﺍﺭ ﻭ
ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ،ﺲﭘ ﻥﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺩﺮــﻛﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ
ﺪﺷ ﻩﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﻥﺍﺪﺑ ﺮﺗ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻠﻳﻻﺩ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﻪﺑ ،ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ
ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﺭﺩ ﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﻲﻠﺼﻓ ﺯﺎﻏﺁﺮﺳ ﻪﻛ ﺍﺭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻪﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻲﺘﺣ ؛ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ،ﺩﻮﺑ
ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻳ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺪﻧﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﺮﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻜﻣ
ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻡﻮــﺳ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ (ﺱ)ﻪﺠﻳﺪﺧ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﻚﻳ ﺍﺭ ﻪﻠﺒﻗ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ ﻩﺯﻭﺭ ﻊﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﻱﻭ (68).ﺖﺳﺍ
ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲــﭘ ﻢﻴﻧ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻚﻳ ﺎﻳ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺞﻨﭘ ﻭ
(69).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ
ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﻡﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ .3
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ .ﺪــﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ
ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻩﺪــﺠﻫ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺒﻛ ﺭﺪﺑ ﮓﻨﺟ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻳ ﻝﺎــﺜﻣ
ﻕﺪﻨﺧ ﮓﻨﺟ ﻉﻮــﻗﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻭ (70)ﻪــﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺮــﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ
(71)ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲــﭘ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺞﻨﭘ ﻭ ﻩﺎــﺠﻨﭘ ﺍﺭ (ﺏﺍﺰــﺣﺍ)
ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ،ﺲﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻱﻭ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﺒﺛ
ﺢﻠﺻ :ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﻤﻧ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ
ﻢﺘﻔﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﺮﺒﻴﺧ ﺢﺘﻓ (72)،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺸﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻴﺒﻳﺪﺣ
.ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺘــﺸﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻥﺎﻀﻣﺭ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻜﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻭ (73)ﻱﺮــﺠﻫ
(74)
ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻞﻣﺎﻛ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻚﻳ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ ﻱﺮﺒﻃ
ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ،ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ
ﷲﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ،ﺩﻮﺧ ﻭﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ (75)ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻝﻮﻤﻌﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻱﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳ
ﻢﺘﺴﻴﺑ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺩ ،ﻥﺍﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ ﻙﺩﻮﻛ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺮﻴﺑﺯ ﻦﺑ
(76).ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ
ﻝﺎﺒﻧﺩ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻢــﺸﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻱﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﺎﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻱﺪﻗﺍﻭ
ﻦﻳﺮﺧﺁ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ءﺎــﻃﺮﻗ ﮓﻨﺟ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺩ (77).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦــﻴﻤﺠﻨﭘ ﻭ ﻩﺎﺠﻨﭘ ﻱﺍﺪــﺘﺑﺍ ﺭﺩ ،ﻡﺮــﺤﻣ ﻩﺎــﻣ ﺯﻭﺭ
ﻪﻛ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺎﻴﺤﻟ ﻲﻨﺑ ﻩﻭﺰﻏ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ﻱﺪﻌﺑ ﮓﻨﺟ (78)،ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰــﮔ
،ﻩﺪﺷ ﺝﺭﺎﺧ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻡﺎﺠﻧﺍ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻚﻳ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ
ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻝﻭﺍ ﺯﻭﺭ (ﺹ) ﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ
(79).ﺖﻓﺭ ﻥﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻢﺸﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ
ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎــﺳ ،ﺏﺮﻋ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ .4
ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ (80).ﺖــﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻲﻣ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﻪــﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺯﺎــﻏﺁ
ﻪﺑ ﻪﻧ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻝﻼﻫ ﺖﻳﺅﺭ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ،ﺎﻨﺒﻣ
ﻭ ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ (81).ﺏﺎــﺴﺣ
ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﺎﻣ ﻩﺩﺯﺍﻭﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻢﻳﺮﻛ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﻧﺪﻳﺰﮔﺮﺑ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻢﻳﻮﻘﺗ
ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺴﻧﺍﺩ ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻥﺁ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺎﻬﭼ ،ﻲﻠﻫﺎﺟ ﺏﺮﻋ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﻭ
ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻲﺘﻗﻭ :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻲﻌﻴﺒﻃ (82).ﺖﺳﺍ
،ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻝﻮﻤﻌﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻮــﺳﺮﻣ ﺏﺮﻋ ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﺩﺰﻧ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ﺍﺭ
ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ ﻩﻮﻴﺷ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺍﺭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻱﺎﻬﺘﻧﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ
(ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻱﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﻦﺘﺧﺍﺪﻧﺍ ﺮﻴﺧﺄﺗ ﻪﺑ) ءﻲــﺴﻧ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﮕﻣ
ﺭﺩ ﻲﺷﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻳﺍﻭﺭﺎﻧ ﻑﺮﺼﺗ ﻭ ﻞﺧﺩ
.ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺪﺸﻧ ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﻭ ﻥﻮﺘﻣ
ﻝﺎﺳ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤﻫ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺮﺗ ﻩﺪﻳﺪﻨــﺴﭘ ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ
27
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
ﺯﺍ .ﺩﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻪﻤﺗﺎﺧ ﻪﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ
ﺎﺟ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻪﻛ ﺐﻠﻄﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺳ ﺮﺑ ﺚﺤﺑ ﻭﺭ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻲﻳﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻥﺩﺮﻛ ﺎﺟ ﻪﺑ
ﻪﻛ ﻱﺍ ﻪﻧﻮﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻢﻫ ﻥﺁ ؛ﺩﺭﺍﺪﻧ ﻲﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻭ ﻝﻮــﻘﻌﻣ ﻪﻴﺟﻮﺗ ،ﻢﻴﻧﺍﺪﺑ
ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ :ً ﻻﻭﺍ ،ﻦﻳﺍﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ .ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘــﺷﺍﺩ ﻩﺬﺧﺍﺆﻣ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ
ﺢﻳﺮﺼﺗ ﺕﺎﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﻲﺧﺮﺑ :ً ﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ (83).ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﺶﻴﭘ ﺕﺎﻓﻼﺘﺧﺍ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﭘ ،ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘــﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻲﺘﻗﻭ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ
ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﺍﺮﻳﺯ ؛ﺩﺮﻛ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ» ،ﺪﻣﺁ
ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺮﻣﺍ ﺮﻤﻋ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻡﺍﺮﺣ ﻱﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ
ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺩﻼﺑ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺷ ﻝﺎﺒﻧﺩ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ
،ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﻣﺯ ﺎﺗ :ً ﺎﺜﻟﺎﺛ (84).«ﺩﻮــﺷ ﻪﺘــﺴﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻭ
ﻪﻜﻠﺑ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻱﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺯﺎــﻏﺁ
ﺶﻴﭘ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ،ﺖﺷﺬﮔ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺎﺗ ﺖﻓﺭ ﻲﻣ
،ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﺕﺭﻮــﺻ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺲﭘ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺯﺍ ﺪــﻧﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﻱﻭﺭ
.ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ
ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻱﻭ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺪﻗﺍﻭ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻪﺘــﺷﻮﻧ ﺯﺍ
ﻱﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﺎﺗ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ .ﺖﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
.ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﺮﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻢﺸﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ
ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ،ﻥﺁ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ﻪــﻛ ﻱﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﻦــﻳﺮﺧﺁ
ﻱﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﺭﺩ ،ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺍﺭ ﻥﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ءﺎﻃﺮﻗ ﮓﻨﺟ ،ﻩﺩﺮﻛ
ﻱﺪﻌﺑ ﺩﺮﺒﻧ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺮﻛ ﺖﺒﺛ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻦﻴﻤﺠﻨﭘ ﻭ ﻩﺎﺠﻨﭘ
ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻝﻭﺍ ﺯﻭﺭ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ :ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺯ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ﺍﺭ
(85).ﺖﻓﺭ ﻥﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺯﺍ ﻢﺸﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ
ﺶﻴﭘ ﺍﺭ ﺚﺤﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻥﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻣ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻪﺘﻜﻧ
ﺍﺭ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎــﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺶﻴﭘ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺎــﻳﺁ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻴــﺸﻛ
ﻪﻛ ﻲﻨﻌﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﺑ .ﻱﺪﻌﺑ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ
ﻦﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻩﺪﻳﺩﺎﻧ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻳ ﺪﻧﺩﻭﺰﻓﺍ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺪﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭﺩ ﺎﻳﺁ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺪﻌﺑ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺎﺗ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻩﺎــﻣ ﻩﺩ ﻪﺑ ﻚــﻳﺩﺰﻧ
:ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺗ ﻪﺑ ؛ﺪــﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
؟ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻝﻭﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ،ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻝﺎﺳ
ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻧﺍﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻲﻟﺎــﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺭ ﻲﻣﻮﻗ ﺮﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻲــﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ
ﻪﻧ ﻭ (86)ﻪﺘﺳﻮﻴﭘ ﻉﻮﻗﻭ ﻪﺑ ﻡﻮﻗ ﻥﺁ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﻤﻬﻣ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻥﺁ
ﺱﺎﺳﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺮﺑ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺥﺭ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺯﻭﺭ ﺎﻳ ﻩﺎﻣ
ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺪﻳﺎﺑ ﻢﻫ
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ،ﺪﻨﺘﺧﺍﺩﺮﭘ
ﻦﻳﻭﺪﺗ ﻭ ﻞــﻘﻧ ﻊﻨﻣ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻩﺎﮕﺘــﺳﺩ ﻱﺩﺮﺒﻫﺍﺭ ﺖــﺳﺎﻴﺳ .5
ﺎﺑ ﺖــﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻱﺍﺮــﺟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻮــﺑ (ﺹ)ﺮــﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺚــﻳﺪﺣ
ﷲﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﺖﻳﺍﻭﺭ ﺯﺍ (87).ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻡﺎﻤﺗ ﺖﻳﺪﺟ ﻭ ﺖﻧﻮــﺸﺧ
ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺩﺭﻮﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖﺣﺍﺮﺻ ﻪﺑ (88)ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ
(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻱﺎﻫﺭﺎﮔﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
:ﺪﻳﻮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑﺍ .ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺕﺭﻮﺻ ﻱﺩﺭﻮﺧﺮﺑ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ
ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺖﺷﺍﺬﮔ ﻱﺎﭘ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻛ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ
ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻲﻫﺎﻣ ﻭﺩ ﻲﻜﻳ ،ﻡﺩﺮﻣ .ﺖــﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺎــﺳ ﻥﺁ ﺭﺩ
ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﻳﺍ .ﺪﻧﺩﺮﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﺸﻳﺍ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ
ﻡﺎﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺪﺷ ﻊﻄﻗ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﻪﻣﺍﺩﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ
ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺮﻤﻋ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺎﻬﭼ ﻭ ﺮﻜﺑﻮﺑﺍ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ
(89).ﺪﺷ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﭙﺳ .ﺖﺷﺍﺪﻧ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ
ﺏﺬﻛ ﻭ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻲﺑ ﻱﺮــﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻡﺍﺪــﻗﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ
ﺪﺳﺭ ﻲﻣ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻪﺑ .ﺖﺷﺍﺩ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﺖﻘﻴﻘﺣ ﺯﺍ ﻱﺍ ﻩﺮﻬﺑ ﻪﻜﻠﺑ ﺖــﺴﻴﻧ
ﻕﺮﺷ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﻱﺎﻫ ﻲﻳﺎــﺸﮔﺭﻮﺸﻛ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﻮﺘﻓ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﻛ
ﺪﻘﻋ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻭ ﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻞﻠﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺍﻮــﻗﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺱﺎﻤﺗ ﻭ ﻥﺎﺘــﺴﺑﺮﻋ ﺏﺮﻏ ﻭ
ﻥﺎﻴﻟﺍﻭ ﺐﺼﻧ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻟﺎﻣ ﻭ ﺝﺍﺮــﺧ ﻱﺭﺍﺮﻗﺮﺑ ﻭ ﺢﻠﺻ ﻱﺎــﻬﻧﺎﻤﻴﭘ
ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﺒﺗﺎﻜﻣ ﻭ ﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻥﺎﻣﺍ ﺭﻭﺪﺻ ﺰــﻴﻧ ﻭ ﻥﺎــﻳﺍﻭﺮﻧﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻭ
ﺍﺭ ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﻲﻤــﺳﺭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻚﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻩﺎﮕﺘــﺳﺩ ﻱﺪﺟ ﺯﺎﻴﻧ ،ﺖﻓﻼﺧ
ﻲﻠﺤﻣ ﺦﻳﺭﺍﻮﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻲﮕﺘﺴﺑﺍﻭ ﻊﻄﻗ ﻦﻤﺿ ﺎﺗ ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺎﻳﺭﺩ ﺡﻮﺿﻭ ﻪﺑ
ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻭ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ ﻙﺭﺍﺪﻣ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻨــﺳﺍ ،ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍﺮﻴﻏ ﻭ
ﻦﻴﻨﭼ .ﺪﻨﻨﻛ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖــﺒﺛ ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﻲﺑﺮﻋ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ
(ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺯﺍ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺶــﺷ ﺖــﺷﺬﮔ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺩﻮﺑ
ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﺎﺑ ﻲﻧﺰﻳﺍﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻪﺘﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻩﺭﺎــﺑﻭﺩ ،ﻭﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻙﺮــﺗ ﻭ
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﻥﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﺮــﻗ ﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﺑ (ﻉ)ﺐــﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺭﺍﺮــﺻﺍ ﻭ
ﺵﺭﺍﺰﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺖﻓﺎﻳ ﺖﻴﻤﺳﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،(ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ
ﺩﻮﺷ ﻝﺎﺒﻧﺩ (ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺩﺮﻛ ﺮﻣﺍ ﺮﻤﻋ» (90)،ﻱﻭﺎﺨﺳ
.«ﺩﻮﺷ ﻪﺘﺴﺑ ﺭﺎﻛ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺩﻼﺑ ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻥﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ
ﺎﺑ ﻲﻧﺰﻳﺍﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻲﻠﺻﺍ ﻑﺪﻫ ﻪﻛ ﻢﻴﻫﺩ ﻲﻣ ﻱﺪﺟ ﻝﺎــﻤﺘﺣﺍ
ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻩﺩﻮﺑ ﻥﺁ ،ﻡﺩﺮﻣ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ
ﺢﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻨﺑﺎﻴﺑ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺮﮕﻳﺩ ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺮﮕﻣ
،ﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﻥﻮﻣﺍﺮﻴﭘ ﻪﺑﺎﺤﺻ ﻱﺎﻫﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ ﻢﻳﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﺮﮕﻣ ﺩﺯ ﻲﻣ ﺭﻭﺩ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﻭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،ﺖﺜﻌﺑ
ﻲﺧﺮﺑ ﺡﺮﻃ ﻭ ﺩﻮﺑ ﺭﺪﻨﻜﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻫﺍﻮﺧ ﻪﻛ ﻱﺩﻮﻬﻳ ﺮﻔﻧ ﻚﻳ
(91).ﻲﻧﺎﺳﺎﺳ ﻥﺎﻫﺎﺷ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻤﺳﺭ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ
ﻱﺮﻴﮔ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ
ﻭ ﻥﺎﺧﺭﻮﻣ ﻥﺎــﻴﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺁ ﻲﻣ ﺖــﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖــﺷﺬﮔ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ
ﻭﺩ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﺭﺩ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﺍﺮﮕــﺸﻫﻭﮋﭘ
:ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ
ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺮﺑ ﺖــﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ .1
ﺪﻨــﺳ ﻚﻳ ﺎﺑ ﻥﺪــﺷ ﻪﺟﺍﻮﻣ ﻲﭘ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ 18 ﺎﻳ 17 ﺎﻳ 16
ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﺎﺑ ﺕﺭﻮﺸﻣ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﻲﻟﺎﻣ
ﻱﺎﻨﺒﻣ ﺍﺭ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪــﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ،(ﻉ)ﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ
28
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
-81ﺺﺻ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼــﻋﻻﺍ .1
.62-35ﺺﺻ ،ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﻥﺪﻤﺗ ﻩﺮﺘﺴﮔ ﺭﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻢﻠﻋ ؛84
.36-19ﺺﺻ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .2
.20-19ﺺﺻ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .3
.198ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .4
.37ﺹ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .5
.198ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .6
.20ﻭ19ﺺﺻ ،ﺎﻬﻘﻓ ﻭ ﻪﻘﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .7
.20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ .8
.496ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .9
؛241ﺹ ،6ﺝ ،ءﺎــﺸﻧﻻﺍ ﺔــﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻲــﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺢــﺒﺻ .10
؛199ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦــﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼــﻋﻻﺍ
.236ﺹ ،ﻪﺴﻴﻔﻨﻟﺍ ﻕﻼﻋﻻﺍ
،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ؛526ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻲــﻓ ﻞــﻣﺎﻜﻟﺍ .11
،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦــﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ ؛145ﺹ ،2ﺝ
ﻭ ﻪﻴﺒﻨﺘﻟﺍ ؛132ﺹ ،ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻢــﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﻤــﺸﻟﺍ ؛200ﺹ
.252ﺹ ،ﻑﺍﺮﺷﻻﺍ
؛74ﺹ ،7ﺝ ،ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ؛20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ .12
.241ﺹ ،6ﺝ ،ءﺎﺸﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺢﺒﺻ
.200ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .13
ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ ؛36ﺹ ،ﺔــﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮــﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔــﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎــﺛﻵﺍ .14
.200ﻭ199ﺺﺻ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ
.36ﺹ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .15
،2ﺝ ،ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦــﻤﻟ ﺦــﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼــﻋﻻﺍ .16
.202ﻭ201ﺺﺻ
.61ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺼﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ .17
.199ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .18
.199ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺭﺎﮕﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .19
.119ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .20
.200ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .21
.201ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .22
.ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .23
.497ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .24
.145ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .25
ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ ؛36ﺹ ،ﺔــﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮــﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔــﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎــﺛﻵﺍ .26
ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ ؛199ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦــﻤﻟ ﺦــﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ
.207ﻭ206ﺺﺻ ،3ﺝ ،ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ؛20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ
،3ﺝ ،ﺔــﻳﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔــﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ؛20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎــﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮــﻟﺍ .27
ﺎﻬﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﻲﭘ
ﺩﻼﺑ ﺮﺳﺍﺮﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺮﺟﺍ ﺖﻬﺟ ﺍﺭ ﺐﺗﺍﺮﻣ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
.ﺩﺮﻛ ﻍﻼﺑﺍ ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ
،ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺭﺍﺬــﮔ ﻪﻳﺎﭘ ﻪﻛ ﺖــﺳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﺮــﺑ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻩﺎﮔﺪــﻳﺩ .2
ﺭﺩ ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺩﻭﺭﻭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ﻭ ﺖﺳﺍ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺺﺨﺷ
ﺯﺍ ﻲﻜﻳ .ﺩﺍﺩ ﻡﺎــﺠﻧﺍ ﻢﻬﻣ ﻲﻧﺪﻤﺗ ﻡﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﺪﻨﭼ ،ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊــﻴﺑﺭ ﻩﺎــﻣ
ﺪﻘﻋ ،ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ ﺖﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﺭﻮــﺸﻨﻣ ﺭﻭﺪﺻ ﺭﺎﻨﻛ ﺭﺩ ﺕﺎﻣﺍﺪﻗﺍ ﻦﻳﺍ
ﺲﻴﺳﺄﺗ ،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺪﺠﺴﻣ ﺖﺧﺎــﺳ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺼﻧﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﺟﺎﻬﻣ ﻱﺭﺩﺍﺮﺑ
ﻩﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻡﻭﺩ ﻪﻔﻴﻠﺧ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻋ ﺭﺩ .ﺩﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﻥﺎﻣﺯ ﻝﻮﻤﻌﻣ ﻢﺳﺭ ﻭ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻑﻼﺧﺮﺑ ﻪﻜﻨﻳﺍ ﻥﺁ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﺩ ﻲﻤﻬــﺳ
ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﻝﺎﺳ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ،(ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨﺸﻴﭘ ﻢﻏﺭ ﻪﺑ ﻭ (ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ
.ﺩﺮﻛ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﻣ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﺯﺍ
ﻭ ﻞﻣﺎﻛ ،ﻩﺪﺷ ﺢﻳﺮــﺸﺗ ﻪﻛ ﻥﺎﻨﭼ ﻥﺁ ﺪﻧﺍﻮﺗ ﻲﻤﻧ ﻩﺎﮔﺪﻳﺩ ﻭﺩ ﻦﻳﺍ
:ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳﺍ ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ ﻩﺪﻨﺴﻳﻮﻧ ﻥﺎﻴﻣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﺭﺩ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺖﺳﺭﺩ
،ﻪﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻪﭼ ﻭ ﻪﻜﻣ ﻩﺭﻭﺩ ﺭﺩ ﻪﭼ ،ﺍﺪﺘﺑﺍ ﺯﺍ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ .1
.ﺪﻧﺍ ﻪﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﻲﺻﺎﺼﺘﺧﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ
ﺭﺎﺑ ﻦﻴﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ .2
ﻪﺛﺩﺎﺣ ﻦﻳﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺭﻭﺁ ﺖﺳﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺍﺭ ﺩﻮﺧ ﺖﻛﻮﺷ ﻭ ﺕﺰﻋ ،ﺕﺭﺪﻗ
ﻭ ﺕﻮﻋﺩ ﺵﺮﺘــﺴﮔ ﻭ ﺞﻳﻭﺮﺗ ،ﺖﻴﺒﺜﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻤﻬﻣ ﻒــﻄﻋ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ
ﺺﺨﺷ ﻪﻠﻴﺳﻭ ﻪﺑ ،ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻱﺎﻫﺯﻭﺭ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺯﺍ ،ﺩﻮﺑ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﻦﻴﻳﺁ
.ﺪﺷ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺃﺪﺒﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ (ﺹ)ﺍﺪﺧ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ
ﻭ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻭ ﺖــﺒﺛ ﺭﺩ ،ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻪﻧﺎﻴﻣ ﺎﺗ ﻥﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠــﺴﻣ .3
ﺕﺮﺠﻫ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻭ ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺵﺭﺎﻤــﺷ ﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻫﺎﻣ ،ﺎﻫﺩﺍﺪﺧﺭ
ﻱﺭﺎﻤﺷ ﻝﺎــﺳ ،ﺲﭘ ﻥﺁ ﺯﺍ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻲﻣ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﺑﺭ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺍﺭ
ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﻤﻗ ﻝﺎﺳ ﻪﻛ ﺏﺮﻋ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻖﺑﺎﻄﻣ ﻭ ﺪﺷ ﺞﻳﺍﺭ
ﻝﺎــﺳ ﻥﺎﻳﺎﭘ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ ،ﺪﻧﺩﺮﻛ ﻲﻣ ﻢﺘﺧ ﻪﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻩﺎﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻭ ﺯﺎﻏﺁ
.ﺪﻧﺩﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺮﻗ ﻪﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻭ ﻡﺮﺤﻣ ﻥﺎﻤﻫ ﺍﺭ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ
ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺎﺗ ﺰﻴﻧ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،(ﺹ)ﺮﺒﻤﻐﻴﭘ ﺖﻠﺣﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲــﭘ .4
.ﺪﺷ ﻩﺩﺮﭙﺳ ﻲﺷﻮﻣﺍﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﺏﺎﻄﺧ ﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻡﺭﺎﻬﭼ
ﺪﻳﺪــﺷ ﺯﺎﻴﻧ ﺱﺎــﺴﺣﺍ ﻲﭘ ﺭﺩ 18 ﺎﻳ 17 ﺎﻳ 16 ﻝﺎــﺳ ﺭﺩ .5
ﺙﺩﺍﻮﺣ ﻂﺒﺿ ﻭ ﺖﺒﺛ ﻱﺍﺮﺑ ﻲﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻦﺘﺷﺍﺩ ﻪﺑ ﺖﻓﻼﺧ ﻩﺎﮕﺘﺳﺩ
ﻭ ﺏﺎﺤﺻﺍ ﺎﺑ ﻲــﻧﺰﻳﺍﺭ ﺯﺍ ﺲﭘ ،ﻙﺭﺍﺪــﻣ ﻭ ﺩﺎﻨــﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻊﻳﺎﻗﻭ ﻭ
ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺮﻗﺮﺑ ﻱﺮﺠﻫ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻩﺭﺎﺑﻭﺩ ،(ﻉ)ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻬﻨــﺸﻴﭘ
.ﺪﻳﺩﺮﮔ ﻲﻤﺳﺭ ،ﻡﻭﺭ ﻭ ﻥﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﻖﻃﺎﻨﻣ ﻲﻠﺤﻣ ﻱﺎﻬﺨﻳﺭﺎﺗ
29
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
.206ﺹ
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .28
.197ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .29
.ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .30
.37ﻭ36 ،ﻪﺑﻮﺗ .31
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .32
.200ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .33
.203ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .34
.493ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .35
.497ﻭ496ﺺﺻ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .36
.521-496ﺺﺻ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .37
ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ ؛240ﺹ ،6ﺝ ،ءﺎﺸﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺢﺒﺻ .38
ﻭ ﻪﻴﺒﻨﺘﻟﺍ ؛180ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻳﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ؛20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ
.252ﺹ ،ﻑﺍﺮﺷﻻﺍ
.507ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .39
.262ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ .40
.13ﺹ ،3ﺝ ،ﻦﻴﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻙﺭﺪﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ .41
.78ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .42
.507ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .43
.53ﻭ52ﺺﺻ ،1ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻬﻔﺻﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﺮﻛﺫ .44
.67ﺹ ،ﻥﺍﺪﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﺡﻮﺘﻓ .45
.515-512ﺺﺻ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .46
،290-288ﺺــﺻ ،1ﺝ ،(ﺹ)ﻝﻮــﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﺐــﻴﺗﺎﻜﻣ .47
.637-634ﺺﺻ ،2ﺝ ؛294ﻭ293
،(ﺹ)ﺪــﻤﺤﻣ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ ﻲــﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻱﺎــﻬﻧﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻭ ﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ .48
.170-167ﺺﺻ
.128ﺹ ،ﻥﺍﺪﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﺡﻮﺘﻓ .49
.130ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .50
.516ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .51
.10ﺹ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ .52
.181ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻳﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ .53
.21ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﺲﻴﻠﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻫﺰﻧ .54
.519-517ﺺﺻ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .55
.520ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .56
.7ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .57
،ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴﺴﻟﺍ ؛143ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،(ﺹ)ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .58
.224ﺹ ،1ﺝ
.40 ،ﺏﺍﺰﺣﺍ .59
.28 ،ﺄﺒﺳ .60
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .61
.110ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻙﻮﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻣﻻﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .62
.20ﺹ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ .63
؛240ﺹ ،6ﺝ ،ءﺎــﺸﻧﻻﺍ ﺔــﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻲــﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺢــﺒﺻ .64
ﺭﺎــﺒﺧﺎﺑ ءﺎــﻓﻮﻟﺍ ءﺎــﻓﻭ ؛180ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪــﻳﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﺐــﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ
.248ﺹ ،1ﺝ ،ﻲﻔﻄﺼﻤﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ
.19ﻭ18ﺺﺻ ،ﺎﻬﻘﻓ ﻭ ﻪﻘﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .65
ﺐﻫﺬﻟﺍ ﺝﻭﺮﻣ ؛35ﻭ31 ،7ﺺــﺻ ،2ﺝ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ .66
ﺡﺮــﺷ ؛301ﻭ296 ،290ﺺــﺻ ،2ﺝ ،ﺮــﻫﻮﺠﻟﺍ ﻥﺩﺎــﻌﻣ ﻭ
،(ﺹ)ﻲﻔﻄﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴــﺳ ؛127ﻭ97ﺺﺻ ،14ﺝ ،ﻪــﻏﻼﺒﻟﺍ ﺞﻬﻧ
.222ﻭ221ﺺﺻ
،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ ؛301ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻙﻮﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻣﻻﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .67
.20ﺹ
.35ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .68
.42ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .69
.45ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .70
.50ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .71
.54ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .72
.56ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .73
.58ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .74
.110ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻙﻮﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻣﻻﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ .75
.119ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .76
.405ﻭ404ﺺﺻ ،ﻱﺯﺎﻐﻣ .77
.404ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .78
.405ﺹ ،ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .79
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .80
.36ﺹ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .81
.36 ،ﻪﺑﻮﺗ .82
؛200ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼــﻋﻻﺍ .83
.70ﻭ69ﺺﺻ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .84
.405ﻭ404ﺺﺻ ،ﻱﺯﺎﻐﻣ .85
.19ﺹ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .86
.149-37ﺺﺻ ،1ﺝ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ .87
.201ﺹ ،2ﺝ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋﻻﺍ .88
.ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .89
.ﻥﺎﻤﻫ .90
36ﺹ ،ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ .91
30
ﻢﺠﻨﭘ ﻝﺎﺳ
88 ﺭﺎﻬﺑ -19ﻩﺭﺎﻤﺷ
.ﻢﻳﺮﻛ ﻥﺁﺮﻗ .1
،ﻲﻣﻼــﺳﺍ ﻥﺪﻤﺗ ﻩﺮﺘــﺴﮔ ﺭﺩ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻢﻠﻋ ،ﻕﺩﺎﺻ ،ﺪﻧﻭ ﻪﻨﻴﻳﺁ .2
.ﺵ1377 ،ﻲﮕﻨﻫﺮﻓ ﺕﺎﻌﻟﺎﻄﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﺴﻧﺍ ﻡﻮﻠﻋ ﻩﺎﮕﺸﻫﻭﮋﭘ
.ﻕ1385 ،ﺭﺩﺎﺻﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﻟﺍ ،ﺮﻴﺛﺍ ﻦﺑﺍ .3
ﻞﻀﻔﻟﺍﻮﺑﺍ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ :ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺗ ،ﻪﻏﻼﺒﻟﺍ ﺞﻬﻧ ﺡﺮﺷ ،ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﺑﺍ ﻦﺑﺍ .4
.ﺎﺗ ﻲﺑ ،ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻴﺣﺍﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ﻢﻴﻫﺍﺮﺑﺍ
:ﻖﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﻭ ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،ﻪﺴﻴﻔﻨﻟﺍ ﻕﻼﻋﻻﺍ ،ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺣﺍ ،ﻪﺘﺳﺭ ﻦﺑﺍ .5
.ﺵ1380 ،ﺮﻴﺒﻛﺮﻴﻣﺍ ،ﻮﻠﻧﺎﭼ ﻩﺮﻗ ﻦﻴﺴﺣﺮﺘﻛﺩ
ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻣ ،ﺕﻭﺮــﻴﺑ ،ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔــﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ،ﻞﻴﻋﺎﻤــﺳﺍ ،ﺮــﻴﺜﻛ ﻦﺑﺍ .6
.ﻡ1966 ،ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،(ﺹ)ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮــﺳﺭ ﺕﺮﻴــﺳ ،ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ ،ﻡﺎــﺸﻫ ﻦﺑﺍ .7
،ﻱﻭﺪﻬﻣ ﺮﻐﺻﺍ ﺢــﻴﺤﺼﺗ ﻭ ﻪﻣﺪﻘﻣ ،ﻩﻮــﻗﺮﺑﺍ ﻲﺿﺎﻗ ﻱﺎــﺸﻧﺍ ﻭ
.ﺵ1361 ،ﻲﻣﺯﺭﺍﻮﺧ
.ﻡ1934 ،ﻥﺪﻴﻟ ،ﻥﺎﻬﻔﺻﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺧﺍ ﺮﻛﺫ ،ﻲﻧﺎﻬﻔﺻﺍ ﻢﻴﻌﻧﻮﺑﺍ .8
،ﻱﻮﻔﻄﺼﻣ ،ﻢــﻗ ،(ﺹ)ﻝﻮــﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺎﻜﻣ ،ﻲﻠﻋ ،ﻱﺪــﻤﺣﺍ .9
.ﻕ1379
:ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ،ﻥﺍﺪــﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﺡﻮــﺘﻓ ،ﻲﻴﺤﻳ ﻦــﺑ ﺪــﻤﺣﺍ ،ﻱﺭﺫﻼــﺑ .10
.ﻡ1959 ،ﻪﻀﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻣ ،ﻩﺮﻫﺎﻗ ،ﺪﺠﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﺡﻼﺻ
،ﻥﺍﺮﻳﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺬﺧﺂﻣ ﻭ ﻊــﺑﺎﻨﻣ ﻲﻳﺎــﺳﺎﻨﺷ ،ﷲﺍﺰﻳﺰﻋ ،ﺕﺎﻴﺑ .11
.ﺵ1377 ،ﺮﻴﺒﻛﺮﻴﻣﺍ
،ﻪﻴﻟﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦــﻋ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ،ﻥﺎــﺤﻳﺭﻮﺑﺍ ،ﻲــﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ .12
.ﺵ1380 ،ﺏﻮﺘﻜﻣ ﺙﺍﺮﻴﻣ ،ﻲﺋﺎﻛﺫﺍ ﺰﻳﻭﺮﭘ ﻖﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﻭ ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ
،ﺖﺷﺮﺳﺎﻧﺍﺩ ﺮﺒﻛﺍ ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،ﻪﻴﻗﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﺁ ،ﻥﺎﺤﻳﺭﻮﺑﺍ ،ﻲﻧﻭﺮﻴﺑ .13
.ﺵ1377 ،ﺮﻴﺒﻛﺮﻴﻣﺍ
،ﻩﺮﻫﺎﻗ ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ ،ﺱﻭﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ،ﻱﺭﺎﻴﺸﻬﺟ .14
.ﻕ1357 ،ﻲﺒﻠﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﺑﺎﺒﻟﺍ
،ﺪﻨﻫ ،ﻦﻴﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﻲــﻠﻋ ﻙﺭﺪﺘــﺴﻤﻟﺍ ،ﻱﺭﻮﺑﺎــﺸﻴﻧ ﻢﻛﺎﺣ .15
.ﻕ1342 ،ﺎﻧ ﻲﺑ
.ﻕ1320 ،ﺎﻧ ﻲﺑ ،ﺎﺟ ﻲﺑ ،ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴﺴﻟﺍ ،ﻲﻌﻓﺎﺷ ﻲﺒﻠﺣ .16
ﻲــﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻱﺎــﻬﻧﺎﻤﻴﭘ ﻭ ﺎــﻫ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ،ﺪــﻤﺤﻣ ،ﷲﺍﺪــﻴﻤﺣ .17
،ﻲﻨﻴــﺴﺣ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺪﻴــﺳ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ ﻪــﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،(ﺹ)ﺪــﻤﺤﻣ ﺕﺮﻀﺣ
.ﺵ1374 ،ﺵﻭﺮﺳ
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺭﺎﮕﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺲﺘﻧﺍﺮﻓ ،ﻝﺎﺘﻧﺯﻭﺭ .18
.ﺵ1368 ،ﻱﻮﺿﺭ ﺱﺪﻗ ﻥﺎﺘﺳﺁ ،ﺩﺍﺯﺁ ﷲﺍﺪﺳﺍ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ
ﻦﻤﻟ ﺦﻴﺑﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻼــﻋﻻﺍ ،ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﺲﻤــﺷ ،ﻱﻭﺎﺨــﺳ .19
،2ﺝ ،ﻡﻼــﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺭﺎﮕﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ :ﺭﺩ ،ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞــﻫﺍ ﻡﺫ
.377-73ﺺﺻ
ﺭﺎــﺒﺧﺎﺑ ءﺎــﻓﻮﻟﺍ ءﺎــﻓﻭ ،ﻲــﻠﻋ ﻦــﻳﺪﻟﺍﺭﻮﻧ ،ﻱﺩﻮﻬﻤــﺳ .20
،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ﺪﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﻲﺤﻣ ﺪــﻤﺤﻣ ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ،ﻲﻔﻄﺼﻤﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ
.ﻡ1984 ،ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻴﺣﺍﺭﺍﺩ
،ﺩﺍﺪﻐﺑ ،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ،ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺟ ،ﻲﻃﻮﻴــﺳ .21
.ﻡ1971 ،ﺪﻌﺳﺍ ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻣ
،ﻙﻮﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻣﻻﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺮﻳﺮﺟ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺮﻔﻌﺟﻮﺑﺍ ،ﻱﺮﺒﻃ .22
.ﺎﺗ ﻲﺑ ،ﻲﻤﻠﻋﻻﺍ ﺔﺴﺳﺆﻣ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ
ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻲــﺸﻋﻻﺍ ﺢﺒﺻ ،ﻲﻠﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺪــﻤﺣﺍ ،ﻱﺪﻨــﺸﻘﻠﻗ .23
.ﺎﺗ ﻲﺑ ،ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻴﺣﺍﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ءﺎﺸﻧﻻﺍ
،ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺼﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ،ﺪــﻤﺤﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﻲﺤﻣ ،ﻲﺠﻴﻓﺎﻛ .24
،ﻡﻼﺳﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻱﺭﺎﮕﻧ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ :ﺭﺩ ،ﺩﺍﺯﺁ ﷲﺍﺪﺳﺍ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ
.72 -55 ﺺﺻ ،2ﺝ
ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ﻪﻳﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ،ﻲــﺤﻟﺍﺪﺒﻋ ،ﻲﻧﺎﺘﻛ .25
.ﺎﺗ ﻲﺑ ،ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ
،ﺖﻤــﺳ ،ﻥﺍﺮﻬﺗ ،ﺎﻬﻘﻓ ﻭ ﻪﻘﻓ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﻢــﺳﺎﻘﻟﺍﻮﺑﺍ ،ﻲــﺟﺮﮔ .26
.ﺵ1379
ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،ﻪﻧﺍﺩﻭﺎﺟ ﺕﺮﻴﺳ ،ﺮﻔﻌﺟ ﺪﻴﺳ ،ﻲﻀﺗﺮﻣ .27
ﻪﺸﻳﺪﻧﺍ ﻭ ﮓﻨﻫﺮﻓ ﻩﺎﮕــﺸﻫﻭﮋﭘ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺸﺘﻧﺍ ﻥﺎﻣﺯﺎــﺳ ،ﻱﺮﻬﭙﺳ
.ﺵ1385 ،ﻡﻭﺩ پﺎﭼ ،ﻲﻣﻼﺳﺍ
،ﻩﺮﻫﺎﻗ ،ﻑﺍﺮﺷﻻﺍ ﻭ ﻪﻴﺒﻨﺘﻟﺍ ،ﻦﻴــﺴﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ،ﻱﺩﻮﻌﺴﻣ .28
.ﻡ1975 ،ﻱﻭﺎﺼﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ
ﻥﺩﺎﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺐــﻫﺬﻟﺍ ﺝﻭﺮﻣ ،ﻦﻴــﺴﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ،ﻱﺩﻮﻌــﺴﻣ .29
،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ،ﻪﺤﻴﻤﻗ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺪﻴﻔﻣ ﺭﻮﺘﻛﺪﻟﺍ ﻪﻟ ﻡﺪﻗ ﻭ ﻪﺣﺮــﺷ ،ﺮﻫﻮﺠﻟﺍ
.ﻕ1425 ،ﻪﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺐﺘﻜﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ
،(ﺹ)ﻲﻔﻄﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴــﺳ ،ﻢﺷﺎﻫ ﺪﻴــﺳ ،ﻲﻨــﺴﺤﻟﺍ ﻑﻭﺮﻌﻣ .30
.ﻡ1975 ،ﻢﻠﻘﻟﺍﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ
ﺔﻌﺒﻄﻤﻟﺍ ،ﺩﺍﺪــﻐﺑ ،ﺲــﻴﻠﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻫﺰﻧ ،ﺱﺎــﺒﻋ ﺪﻴــﺳ ،ﻲــﻜﻣ .31
.ﻕ1387 ،ﻪﻳﺭﺪﻴﺤﻟﺍ
ﺩﻮﻤﺤﻣ ﺮﺘﻛﺩ ﻪــﻤﺟﺮﺗ ،ﻱﺯﺎﻐﻣ ،ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ،ﻱﺪــﻗﺍﻭ .32
،ﻡﻭﺩ پﺎــﭼ ،ﻲﻫﺎﮕــﺸﻧﺍﺩ ﺮــﺸﻧ ﺰــﻛﺮﻣ ،ﻲــﻧﺎﻐﻣﺍﺩ ﻱﻭﺪــﻬﻣ
.ﺵ1369
،ﺕﻭﺮﻴﺑ ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﻲﺑﻮﻘﻌﻴﻟﺍ ﺦــﻳﺭﺎﺗ ،ﺢﺿﺍﻭ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻤﺣﺍ ،ﻲــﺑﻮﻘﻌﻳ .33
.ﺎﺗ ﻲﺑ
ﻪﻣﺎﻨﺑﺎﺘﻛ

‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻮﺷـ‬ ‫ـﺨﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ـﻲ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺳـ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻧﻘﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺶ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺪﺍﻡﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ـﺖ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﻲﺗـ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺤﺖ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚﺗﺮ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺎﺯﺵ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ـﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳـ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧـ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻲ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ؟ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻲﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ـﺖ)‪ (1‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ـﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﭼﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷـ‬ ‫ـﺦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ـﻒ ﻟﻐﻮﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳـ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻛـ‬ ‫ـﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻲ)‪ (2‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺎﻟﻲ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮﻱ ﻣﺒﻌﻮﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳـ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻠﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻃﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺑﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺤﻄﻲ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻼﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻠﺘﻲ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻣﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ـﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ـﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷـ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﻭ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﻐﻤﺒﺮﺍﻛﺮﻡ)ﺹ( ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ـﺨﺺ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺧﺪﺍ )ﺹ(‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻫﺠﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺷـ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺜﺮﺏ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ـﻮﺭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣـ‬ ‫ـﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ؛ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻣﻨﺸـ‬ ‫ـﻢ ﺍﻧﺠـ‬ ‫ﻣﻬـ‬ ‫ـﺠﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻘﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ـﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺴـ‬ ‫ﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻫﺠﺮﻱ‪ .‬‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻫﺠﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ـﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺪ؟‬ ‫ـﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻴﻠﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴـ‬ ‫ـﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺦ ﻣﺴـ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳـ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ـﺶ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﻠﺢ ﺣﺪﻳﺒﻴـ‬ ‫ـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻨﺪﻕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺒـ‬ ‫ﺍﺣـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺩﺍﻉ ﻭ ﺭﺣﻠﺖ ﭘﻴﻐﻤﺒﺮ)ﺹ(‪ ،‬ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺧﺪﺍ)ﺹ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ـﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺪﺃ‬ ‫ـﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷـ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻼﻣﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ..‬ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳـ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻫﺠﺮﻱ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ـﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻱ‬ ‫ـﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﺤـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸـ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻠﻴﻔـ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ـﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴـ‬ ‫ـﺮ)ﺹ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺜﺖ‬ ‫ـﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒـ‬ ‫ـﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽـ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻌﺐ‬ ‫ـﻮ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻮﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻐـ‬ ‫ـﺪﻥ ﺩﻋـ‬ ‫ـﺮﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻨﻲ ﺷـ‬ ‫ﺣﻀـ‬ ‫ـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺜﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﮕﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻮﻃﺎﻟﺐ‪ ،‬ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺒﺸـ‬ ‫ـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﻜﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﺔ‬ ‫ـﺮ ﻭ ‪ ، .‬ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺜﺮﺏ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻋﻄﻒ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ـﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ـﻜﻴﻞ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﭘﻴﻐﻤﺒﺮ)ﺹ( ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻛـ‬ ‫ﺗﺸـ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‪ -19‬ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ‪88‬‬ ‫‪18‬‬ .‬ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺵ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﻮﺱ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ـﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ـﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﭘﻴﻐﻤﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺸـ‬ ‫ـﻠﻄﻨﺖ ﻳـ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺗﺨﺖ ﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻲ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻛـ‬ ‫ـﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﺳـ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺁﺳـ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـﻬﻮﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺶ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺸـ‬ ‫‪ (1‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻫﺠﺮﻱ‬ ‫ـﺎﻡ ﻭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﻭ ﺿﺒﻂ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻳـ‬ ‫ـﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻠﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺛﺒـ‬ ‫ـﺮ ﻗـ‬ ‫ﻫـ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺭﻭﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ‬ ‫ـﻲ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ـﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳـ‬ ‫ـﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨـ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻊ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ؟ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺭﺍ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻭﺿـ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻘﻄـ‬ ‫ـﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻃﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻤﮕﻴﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ـﺎﻫﻲ ﻳﻚ ﺷـ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﺩﺷـ‬ ‫ـﺎﺑﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻻﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ـﻴﻞ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮ ﺑﻲﺳـ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻳﺎ ﺳـ‬ ‫ـﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ‬ ‫ـﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﺸـ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻭﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﺤﻄﻲ ﺷـ‬ ‫ـﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺛﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ـﺎﻱ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ـﻮﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺠـ‬ ‫ـﻦﺭﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻗـ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ـﻲ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛـ‬ ‫ـﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨـ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷـ‬ ‫ـﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ‪ ،‬ﺿﺒﻂ ﻭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ـﻊ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳـ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﻗﺎﻳـ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ..

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->