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Single Pushbutton Run

Single Pushbutton Run

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Published by Sagar Kedar
Single Pushbutton Run
Single Pushbutton Run

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Published by: Sagar Kedar on Apr 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Single Pushbutton Run-Stop Circuit

There are solutions to this problem— mechanical (push On/push Off switch), electromagnetic (latching relay) and electronic (CMOS logic), but few (if any) good discrete electronic solutions. I have scoured the web, looking for such and have not found any decent circuits. One recent job required such and I had to resort to CMOS What are the benefits of such a circuit? Good question — one may wonder what use this could be. Besides being compatible with any normally open pushbutton, it is a great way to add multiple pushbuttons to a system—all normally open pushbuttons are simply wired in parallel — any can start or Single Pushbutton Run-Stop Schematic stop the device. Also note that pushon/push-off switches are quite special and have a limited offering in regard to size, mechanics and aesthetics—they also have an unpleasant feel, in my estimation. logic — I will be posting that one in the future. As a result, I have been racking my brain for the last few months and have finally come up with a really neat circuit. It is a little busy, having 19 components, but they are small, inexpensive and commonly available.

How it works: When the pushbutton is initially closed, it directly turns on the gate of Q1 via D2. Q1 turns on after a brief delay determined by the charge time of C1. Q1 then biases Q2 on, and Q2 seals in the pushbutton signal and C2 charges up to 12V via R8 and D2.

low resistance power devices are applied at low current. Q1 is in this case a P-Channel MOSFET that has about a 3V gate threshold. In addition. Since both the voltage drop and current is low. Typical pushbutton closure time varies from about 0. so only a small heat sink is required.07Ω. Oscillographs Minimum cycle time: Minimum time between pushbutton cycles is approx.1 to 0. all that is necessary is to wait for an additional 1.When the pushbutton is closed again. If this timing is violated. FYI. The negative voltage on C3 turns on Q3 that is connected in the common collector configuration (emitter follower). However. the power loss is very low. If the transistor is operated at 3A instead. Good noise immunity is essential to prevent the circuit from turning on by itself—I had no issues with noise.1sec. The lower side of C2 goes negative and dumps half of its charge into C3.9V—way high for 12V applications. Noise immunity: This type of latch circuit when comprised of bipolar transistors is very noise susceptible due to the high gain of common emitter transistors. Why a 27A MOSFET? MOSFET power transistors are characterized by Rdson that in this case is 0. the voltage drop will equal 1. the top side of C2 is grounded via the pushbutton action through D1. the gate is swamped via a 1000pf capacitor to enhance noise immunity. 1. So to assure low voltage drop.1sec and push it again. Photos For the future Single pushbutton CMOS logic Run-Stop circuit .2sec. The emitter of Q3 shorts the bias voltage of Q2 to common thus turning off Q1 (as soon as the pushbutton is released). If operated at 27A. In the event it does not turn off the first time because it occurred within this 1. the circuit will not re-latch on subsequent pulses.21V and that is acceptable. the voltage drop is 0. large.1sec window.

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