# DISAIN JEMBATAN RANGKA BAJA

2 SIPIL 1 PAGI
UNTUK MELENGKAPI TUGAS BAJA

OLEH:
DANIEL HASIBUAN

DEPOK,15 JUNI 2010

PEMODELAN STRUKTUR

TAMPAK DEPAN

TAMPAK ATAS 
SEPESIFIKASI JEMBATAN
-Jembatan rangka baja
-Panjang bentang 24 meter
-Lebar jembatan 8 meter
-Tinggi jembatan 3 meter 
PERHITUNGAN GAYA-GAYA DALAM
*Reaksi Perletakan

= Ravx24 –
=
24Rav = 72P
Rav = 3P
Rav = Rbv

maka Rbv = 3P

*Gaya-Gaya Batang

BUHUL A

∑V = 0
1
− P − S1.0, 6 + 3P = 0
2
−2,5P
− S1 =
0, 6
S1 − 4,17 P

∑H =0
S1SIN 53 + S 2 = 0
S 2 = −4,17 P.0,8
S 2 = −3,33P

BUHUL B

∑V = 0
S1COS 53 + S 3 + S 6SIN14 = 0
4,17 P.0, 6 + S 3 + 3, 44.0, 24 = 0
S 3 = −3,33P

∑H =0
− S1SIN 53 + S 6COS14 = 0
−4,17.0,8P + S 6.0,97 = 0
3,33P
S6 =
= 3, 44 P
0,97

BUHUL C
∑V = 0

− P − S 3 − S 5SIN 26,6 = 0
− P + 3,33P − S 50, 45 = 0
−2,33P
S5 =
−0, 45
S 5 = 5,18 P

BUHUL D
∑V = 0

S 7 + S 5COS 63, 4 − S 6COS 76 = 0
S 7 + 5,18P.0, 45 − 3, 44 P.0, 24 = 0
S 7 = −1,5 P

∑H =0
− S 2 + S 4 + S 5COS 26, 6 = 0
3,33P + S 4 + 5,18P.0,89 = 0
S 4 = −7,96 P

∑H =0
S10 − S 5SIN 63, 4 − S 6SIN 76 = 0
S10 − 5,18P.0,89 − 3, 44 P.0,97 = 0
S10 = 7,97 P

BUHUL E

∑V = 0

∑H =0

− P − S 7 − S 9SIN 26,6 = 0
− P + 1,5P − S 9.0, 45 = 0

− S 4 + S 8 + S 9COS 26, 6 = 0

S9 =

0,5
= 1,11P
0, 45

BUHUL F
∑V = 0
− P − S11 = 0
S11 = − P

7,96 P + S 8 + 1,11P.0,89 = 0
S 8 = −9 P

TABEL GAYA BATANG
BEBAN MATI ,HIDUP DAN BERJALAN

TABEL BEBAN HIDUP DAN BEBAN MATI

NO.BATANG

GAYA

JENIS

S1

4,17P

TARIK

S2

-3,33P

TEKAN

S3

-3,33P

TEKAN

S4

-7,96P

TEKAN

S5

5,18P

TARIK

S6

3,44P

TARIK

S7

-1,5P

TEKAN

S8

-9P

TEKAN

S9

1,11P

TARIK

S10

7,97P

TARIK

S11

-P

TEKAN

GAYA YANG BEKERJA

GAYA AXIAL

GAYA GESER

MOMEN

TABEL BEBAN BERJALAN

GRAFIK BEBAN BERJALAN

TOTAL GAYA YANG BEKERJA DISETIAP BATANG

PERENCANAAN RANGKA UTAMA       

Tebal trotoar
Lebar trotoar
Panjang segmen
Tinggi rangka
Lebar jembatan
Beban jalur
Beban garis

= 20 cm
= 100 cm
=4m
=3m
=8m
= 9 kN/m
= 49 kN/m 

∴ Beban mati
− Berat per ker asan = 24 x 4 x0,5 = 24kN / m
− Berat aspal
= 22 x 4 x0, 05 = 4, 4kN / m
qdl = 28, 4kN / m
1
M max = x 28, 4 x82 = 227, 2kN .m
8
Mu = 1, 4 xM max = 1, 4 x 227, 2 = 318,1kN .m 

BEBAN MATI
B.mati +diafragma = RA x factor beban
= 113.6 x 1.1
B.trotoar = Bj beton x t x I x λ x factor beban
= 24 x 0,2 x 1 x 4 x 1,3
PDl

=124,96 kN
=24,96kN
= 149,92 kN 

BEBAN HIDUP
B.lajur = 9 x 6 x 4 x 2 x 0,5
= 216 kN
B.pejalan kaki = 5 x 1 x 4 x2
= 40 kN
B.genangan air = 0,5 x 6 x 4 x 1 x 0,5 = 6 kN
+
qll

= 262 kN 

BEBAN BERJALAN
B.garis (KEL) = 49 x 6 x 1,4 x 2 x 0,5 = 411,6 kN 
DISAIN BATANG TARIK
Pu
= 4014,11 kN (s10)
φ tarik
= 0,9
φ fraktur = 0,75

Fy = 290Mpa = 290 N / mm 2 = 0, 29kN / mm 2 = 29kN / cm 2
Fu = 500Mpa = 500 N / mm 2 = 0,5kN / mm2 = 50kN / cm2
φ baut = 50mm = 5cm 
Preliminary disain ;
Pu ≤ φ Pn
Pu = φ .Fy. Ag
Pu 4380, 74
Ag =
=
φ Fy 0,9 x 29
Ag = 167,8cm2 

Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400 
Tw
= 13 mm 
Tf
= 21 mm 
R
= 22 mm 
Ag
= 218,7 cm2 
Ix
= 66600cm4 
Iy
= 22400 cm4 
ix
= 17,5 cm 
iy= r min= 10,1cm 
Sx
=3330 cm3 
Zx
= 3672,35 cm3 

+ 

Cek kuat leleh tarik
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 0,9 xFy. Ag
4380,74 ≤ 0,9 x 29 x 218, 7
4380,74 ≤ 5708,07 kN .........(OK ) 
Cek kuat leleh fraktur

Pu ≤ φ Pn
φ Pn = 0, 75 xFu. Ag
An = Ag − 4(luas lub ang )
An = 21870 − 10(21x(20 + 1))
An = 17460mm 2
Ae = AnxU
Ae = 17460 x0,9 = 15714 

φ Pn = φ FuxAe
φ Pn = 0, 75 x0,5 x15714
φ Pn = 5892,75kN
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 5892, 75kN .............(OK )

DISAIN BATANG TEKAN
Nu = −4942, 08kN .......( s8)
φTekan = 0,85
Fy = 290Mpa = 290 N / mm2 = 0, 29kN / mm 2 = 29kN / cm 2
Fu = 500Mpa = 500 N / mm2 = 0,5kN / mm 2 = 50kN / cm 2
kc = 0, 7
L = 4m = 400cm
E = 200.000 Mpa
Fr = 70Mpa 
Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400          

Tw
= 13 mm
Tf
= 21 mm
R
= 22 mm
Ag
= 218,7 cm2
Ix
= 66600cm4
Iy
= 22400 cm4
ix
= 17,5 cm
iy= r min= 10,1cm
Sx
=3330 cm3
Zx
= 3672,35 cm3 

Cek kelangsingan penampang

kc.L
≤ 140
r min
0, 7 x 400
≤ 140
10,1
27, 7 ≤ 140.........(OK ) 
Cek local buckling
b
400
=
= 9,52
2.tf 2 x 21
170
170
=
= 9,98
λp =
Fy
290

λ=

λr =

370
370
=
= 24,9
Fy − Fr
290 − 70

∴ λ < λ p........ ⇒ Penampang kompak 

Cek lateral buckling
H − 2tf − 2r 400 − 2 x 21 − 2 x 22
=
= 24,15
13
tw
1680 1680
λp =
=
= 98,65
Fy
290

λ=

λr =

2550
2550
=
= 171,9
Fy − Fr
290 − 70

∴ λ < λ p.......... ⇒ Penampang kompak 

Cek kuat tekan nominal

λc =

kc.L
r min .π

Fy
E

0, 7 x 400
290
10,1x3,14 200000
λ c = 8,83x0, 038
λ c = 0,33 < 1,5
Maka;
Nu ≤ φ Nn

λc =

2

4942, 08kN ≤ φ (0, 66λ c ) Ag.Fy
2

4942, 08kN ≤ 0,85(0, 660,33 )218, 7 x 29kN
4942, 08kN ≤ 5152, 45kN ...........(OK ) 

DISAIN SAMBUNGAN DENGAN BAUT 
BUHUL A

Pu = 2289,38kN = 2289380 N .....( s1)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0,75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

2289380
= 3,8 ⇒ 4 Baut
590400 

BUHUL B

Pu = 4376,5kN = 4376500 N .....( s 4)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4376500
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400 

BUHUL C

Pu = 4942, 08kN = 4942080 N .....( s 4)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4942080
= 8, 4 ⇒ 10 Baut
590400 

BUHUL D

Pu = 4942, 08kN = 4942080 N .....( s8)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4942080
= 8, 4 ⇒ 10 Baut
590400 

BUHUL H

Pu = 2289,38kN = 2289380 N .....( s1)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0,75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

2289380
= 3,8 ⇒ 4 Baut
590400 

BUHUL

I

Pu = 4380, 62kN = 4380620 N .....( s10)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4380620
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400 

BUHUL J

Pu = 4380, 62kN = 4380620 N .....( s10)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4380620
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400

• CEK BLOCK SHEAR

Agt = 4.S .tf = 4.40.21 = 3360mm 2
D lub ang
tf
2
21
= 4 x 40 x 21 − 4 21 = 2478mm 2
2
Ags = 4( S1 + 3S 2).tf = 4(40 + 3.140).21 = 38640mm 2
Ant = 4.S .tf − 4

Ans = 4( S1 + 3S 2).tf − 4 x3,5 D lub ang.tf
= 38640 − 4 x3,5 x 21x 21 = 32466mm2
FuAnt = 500 x 2478 = 1239000 Mpa = 1239kN
0, 6 FuAns = 0,6 x500 x32466 = 9739800Mpa = 9739,8kN
0, 6 FuAns > FuAnt....... ⇒ RETAK GESER − LELEH TARIK

φ Pn = φ ( FyAgt + 0, 6 FuAns)
= 0, 75(0, 29 x3360 + 9739,8)
= 0, 75 x10714, 2kN
= 8035, 65kN ................(OK ) 

Cek kuat leleh fraktur

Pu ≤ φ Pn
φ Pn = 0, 75 xFu. Ag
An = Ag − 10(luas lub ang )
An = 21870 − 10(21x(20 + 1))
An = 17460mm 2
Ae = AnxU
Ae = 17460 x0,9 = 15714

φ Pn = φ FuxAe
φ Pn = 0, 75 x0,5 x15714
φ Pn = 5892,75kN
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 5892, 75kN .............(OK )

LAMPIRAN 1

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