SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SERI AMAN

,
FELDA BUKIT APING BARAT, KOTA TINGGI
_________________________________________________________________________________________
NAME :
FORM :
_________________________________________________________________________________________
STORAGE.
STORAN.
WHAT IS COMPUTER STORAGE?
APAKAH STORAN KOMPUTER?

Information and documents are ________________in computer storage so that it can be __________________
whenever they are needed later on.
(Maklumat dan dokumen _________________ di dalam storan komputer untuk __________________ untuk
kegunaan pada masa akan datang).

Computer storage is the holding of data in an _____________________form for access by a computer
processor.
(Storan komputer menyimpan data dalam bentuk ___________________untuk diakses oleh pemproses
komputer)

stored (disimpan)

retrieved (diambil semula)

TYPES OF STORAGE.
JENIS-JENIS STORAN KOMPUTER.
i.

_______________________________________

ii.

_______________________________________

TYPES OF PRIMARY STORAGE.
JENIS-JENIS STORAN PRIMER.
i.

_______________________________________

ii.

_______________________________________

TYPES OF SECONDARY STORAGE.
JENIS-JENIS STORAN SEKUNDER.
i.

_______________________________________

ii.

_______________________________________

iii.

_______________________________________

electromagnetic (elektromagnetik)

RAM dipasang di dalam komputer. RAM is install inside computers. Membolehkan CPU mengakses arahan dan data di dalam memori dengan cepat. Data atau program hanya boleh dibaca namun tidak boleh ditulis ii. Enables CPU to ________________________________________stored in memory very quickly. 2. Hold temporary instruction and data needed to ______________________ tasks. iii. Data and program in RAM can be__________________________________. Data dan program dalam RAM boleh ______________________________________. FELDA BUKIT APING BARAT. iv. v. known as a __________________________________.SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SERI AMAN. RAM stores data________________________________________________. RAM menyimpan data ____________________________________________. ROM is non-volatile. Memegang arahan dan data sementara yang diperlukan untuk _______________________ tugas. ______________________ dalam komputer iii. Data or program just can be read but cannot be written. iv. KOTA TINGGI _________________________________________________________________________________________ NAME : FORM : _________________________________________________________________________________________ FUNCTION OF PRIMARY STORAGE AND SECONDARY STORAGE FUNGSI STORAN PRIMER DAN STORAN SEKUNDER FUNCTION OF PRIMARY STORAGE FUNGSI STORAN PRIMER 1. __________________________ the computer. RAM – ( ______________________________________________ ) i. RAM is volatile. vi. ii. dikenali sebagai __________________________________. ROM – ( ______________________________________________ ) i. All the contents can be ______________________________________ Semua kandungan boleh___________________________________________ working memory (memori kerja) complete (menyelesaikan) accessed and read but cannot be changed (diakses dan dibaca tetapi tidak boleh diubah) read and written (dibaca dan ditulis) stored inside (disimpan di dalam) access instruction and data (mengakses arahan dan data) Random Access Memory Read-Only Memory during and after processing (semasa dan selepas diproses) .

but uses very little power VOLATILITY Non-volatile stores during and after processing. FELDA BUKIT APING BARAT. tetapi menggunakan kuasa tinggi stores instructions (information permanently) menyimpan arahan (maklumat kekal) Volatile _________________________________________________________________________________________ .SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SERI AMAN. but uses a lot of power sangat pantas. KOTA TINGGI _________________________________________________________________________________________ NAME : FORM : _________________________________________________________________________________________ DIFFERENT BETWEEN RAM AND ROM PERBEZAAN ANTARA RAM DAN ROM RAM DATA AND PROGRAM (DATA DAN PROGRAM) CONTENT (KANDUNGAN) ROM Stored by manufacturer Stores information temporarily PROCESSING TIME (MASA MEMPROSES) Fast. disimpan semasa atau selepas diproses very fast.

v. Video cassette Kaset video b. CD. Hard disk Cakera keras Magnetic tape: Tape magnetic: a. KOTA TINGGI _________________________________________________________________________________________ NAME : FORM : _________________________________________________________________________________________ FUNCTION OF SECONDARY STORAGE FUNGSI STORAN SEKUNDER MAGNETIC MEDIUM MEDIUM MAGNETIK i. FELDA BUKIT APING BARAT. Uses disks that are coated with magnetically sensitive material.SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SERI AMAN. iii. iv. Non-volatile. Non-volatile Holds content in digital form Menyimpan kandungan dalam bentuk digital Written and read by a laser Ditulis dan dibaca menggunkan laser CD-R : a. Write once storage Storan untuk menulis sekali sahaja b. iv. Menggunakan cakera yang disaluti dengan bahan magnetic yang sensitif Examples of magnetic storage: Contoh storan magnetic Magnetic disk: Cakera magnetik a. Floppy disk Disket b. The data cannot be erased or written over once it is saved Data tidak boleh dipadam atau ditulis semula selepas data itu disimpan. ii. CD-ROM. DVD-R : . v. ii. Audio storage reel-to-reel. OPTICAL MEDIUM MEDIUM OPTIK i. iii.

Read only storage Storan baca sahala b. tetapi pantas untuk dibaca b. Slow to write but fast reading storage Storan yang perlahan untuk ditulis. Allows data that have been saved to be erased and rewritten Membenarkan data yang telah disimpan untuk dipadam atau ditulis semula . DVD-RW DVD-RAM: a. a. Used for distribution of digital information Digunakan untuk mengedarkan maklumat digital CD-RW.vi.

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