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“One person’s meat is another person’s poison” Research Round Up:
29 April 2013
~ Bill Clinton’s decision to go vegan may have other benefits ~ Don’t give over-the-counter cough or cold medicines to children under 4? ~ A habit that significantly increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis ~ Alternative therapies that may help lower blood pressure We scan the science news so YOU ~ Are you taking medication for metabolic syndrome? don’t have to ~ Post-menopausal women who used this had a significantly lower risk of melanoma For interesting articles, links and other ~ This simple food can provide as much vitamin D as resources, visit supplements http://naturehealthandyou.blogspot. ~ This food may reduce the damaging effects of a high co.nz/ fat meal and protect against metabolic syndrome ~ Too busy to decide whether to tackle diet or getting fitter first? Nature Health & You is published ~ These fruits may clear toxic proteins from your brain! weekly. It does not purport to pro~ This common dietary element is associated with a higher vide medical advice. For that you incidence of prostate cancer need to see your doctor. Scientific ~ If you sometimes wonder whether everything we eat is studies not infrequently produce associated with cancer... conflicting results. Before placing ~ A potent weapon against obesity – and diabetes? reliance on any information pre~ Another reason to drink coffee? sented here, seek advice from your ~ A new treatment for hepatic encephalopathy? own doctor. While all best efforts ~ The most effective way to stem teenage smoking may have been made to summarize not be what you think the information that is presented ~ Taking tamoxifen? Research results suggest this drink here correctly, no responsibility is makes the drug doubly effective accepted if that information proves ~ Cancer and caffeine incorrect. In every case the source ~ A simple food that may reduce pathogens in the GI tract of the information is clearly indicat~ Intermittent fasting: a scientific review ed so that you may make your own ~ An effective strategy to help older drivers stay safe assessment. drivers ~ Worried your diet is affecting your liver? ~ Parents – including over-protective ones – can increase © Fernenland Publications 2013 All Rights the risk of their child being bullied Reserved. Enquiries: NHAY@fernenland. ~ Testosterone may not regulate women’s libido net ~ New hope for treating liver fibrosis
Nature, Health & You is for people whose lives are full to overflowing, but who want to keep up to date with health research that has practical application to them or their family
Yet the body’s senses can become blunted too. what is one to do? It’s interesting that some animals and even insects appear to have an instinctive knowledge of how and with what to self-medicate. The food we eat plays a major role in our vulnerability or resistance to various diseases. Such individuals are known as “exceptional responders” and cancer researchers are now revisiting ‘failed’ clinical trials of cancer drugs to see whether they can determine why such patients benefited from drugs that failed most others. see Reality Check: There is No Such Thing as a Miracle Food. It is increasingly thought that our bodies can and do become addicted to substances in processed foods and other common constituents of the modern diet. For an interesting article on the complexities of determining what is health-promoting and what is not. In such circumstances we can no longer rely on what our bodies are telling us they need. it can tell us a great deal about the healthy food choices pertinent to its own unique genetic makeup. The human body is a wonderful and very sophisticated organism. but the science is barely out of its diapers and it will be a long time before detailed individualised nutritional advice can be given. Do our bodies have more knowledge than we give them credit for? Science tells us that much of what we observe doesn’t find its way into the conscious mind. when we ensure that our body is kept in optimal working condition. To further add to the complexity. Nutrigenomics aims to determine which foods best serve an individual’s genotype. the effects of individual foods or food components can be significantly modified by other foods or food components in any given meal. And some foods/food components can have beneficial effects in one context. Perhaps. see here. and harmful effects in another.“One person’s meat is another person’s poison” The Human Genome Project has brought into sharper focus what science has known for a long time: that the effect on different individuals of the same substance – be it a food or a medicine (or any of the many constituents of either) . When Bill Clinton switched to a healthy diet (see first item in Research Round Up) his food tastes changed also. Some people claim they can tell what their body needs by observing its reactions closely and learning to listen to what it is telling them. yet can be recalled if the appropriate trigger presents itself. For an interesting article on the challenges facing this young science. based on an individual’s unique genetic makeup or genotype. or programmes developed to counter an individual’s risk of developing specific diseases. . Given such vast gaps in our current knowledge. Yet even the mere knowledge of this is helpful because it encourages us to develop a greater awareness around our eating habits and with awareness comes the possibility of making more conscious choices.can vary greatly. This is what lies behind the phenomena of drugs that ‘failed’ in clinical trials yet nevertheless worked stunningly well for certain individuals.
Alternative therapies that may help lower blood pressure According to the American Heart Association. because of his vulnerability to coronary disease. Stopping smoking reduces the risk but even 15 years after having stopped smoking the risk remains significantly higher than for a person who has never smoked. Previous studies had shown that the cherries could contribute to cardiovascular health while reducing risk factors such as high cholesterol and diabetes but this is the first research to link the fruit to a reduction in stroke-related risk. confusion. According to research just published in the journal Arthritis Research & Therapy even light smoking is associated with an increased risk of getting RA. aerobic exercise. see here. . Don’t give over-the-counter cough or cold medicines to children under 4? A survey by the University of Michigan found that 40% of parents reported giving children under the age of four such over-the-counter medicines. perhaps because they are often labelled as children’s medicines. Are you taking medication for metabolic syndrome? Long term use of a class of drugs called PPAR agonists may increase stroke risk. drowsiness or sleeplessness.RESEARCH ROUND UP Bill Clinton’s decision to go vegan may have other benefits It turns out that Bill Clinton’s decision to switch to a largely vegan diet a couple of years ago. increased or uneven heart rate. slow and shallow breathing. A habit that significantly increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a painful and debilitating condition. resistance or strength training. including allergic reactions. Behavioural therapies such as biofeedback and transcendental meditation may help lower blood pressure. may have other benefits. Substitution of fish for red meat was associated with a significantly lower risk of colon cancer but nor rectal cancer. Food and Drug Administration issued an advisory that such over-the-counter medicines should not be given to young children in 2008. However. there have been few large. well-designed studies lasting more than a few weeks that have looked into the effectiveness of alternative therapies for reducing high blood pressure. A Danish study just published in the Journal of Nutrition has found that a higher intake of lamb was associated with a significantly elevated risk of colon cancer whereas the risk of rectal cancer was elevated with a higher intake of pork. convulsions. Substituting poultry for red meat did not reduce either risk. The U.S. They have not been proven effective for young children. For more details. nausea or constipation. Smoking 1 to 7 cigarettes a day more than doubled this risk. according to Dr M Davis of the University of Michigan Mott Children’s Hospital and may cause serious side effects. Four weeks of isometric hand grip exercises showed some of the most impressive improvements – but should be avoided among people with severely uncontrolled blood pressure (180/110 mm Hg or higher) according to the Association. and isometric hand grip exercises were all shown to reduce blood pressure. hallucinations. Animal studies with rats conducted by University of Michigan researchers at the Cardioprotection Research Laboratory have shown that Montmorency tart cherries act in a similar way to PPAR agonists but without the increased risk of stroke.
. These fruits may clear toxic proteins from your brain! An experiment with rats whose diets were supplemented with blueberries and strawberries suggest that these berries promote a process known as autophagy that the brain uses as a kind of natural housekeeping mechanism to clear away the toxic accumulations that are a feature of diseases of the brain such as Alzheimers and Parkinson’s. The study was carried out on obesity-prone rats and the the grapes were incorporated into their diets in the form of a freeze-dried powder for 90 days.Rats that ate only the cherries had the best results. Commercially produced mushrooms are usually grown in the dark but if you don’t have access to wild mushrooms. They set out to investigate the effects of a high fat American-style diet when it was combined with a mix of red. even with the best will in the world. Take comfort. see here. Too busy to decide whether to tackle diet or getting fitter first? Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine wanted to find out the most effective way of making healthy changes to diet and exercise routines for busy people who complained they didn’t have enough time to make healthy dietary and exercise choices. University of Michigan Health System researchers may have discovered just the weapon you need to protect your body: grapes. They found that tackling changes to diet and exercise at the same time worked best – but if you have to start with one or the other first. they recommend establishing a consistent exercise routine first. diabetes and even depression. They showed lower liver. especially in the liver and the kidneys. but those who were given both the cherries and a PPAR agonist called Actos did better than those who were given Actos and no cherries. A grape-enriched diet has already been shown to reduce risk factors for heart disease and diabetes in obesity-prone rats and it is now thought that it may also play a critical role in protecting the body against metabolic syndrome and its damaging effects. kidney and abdominal fat weight compared with the rats eating the same high fat diet but minus grapes. or when you just don’t have time for anything other than a quick take away. They found that mushrooms that had been exposed to ultraviolet light also produced vitamin D3 and vitamin D4. Humans manufacture vitamin D through exposure to the sun and it turns out that mushrooms do the same. This food may reduce the damaging effects of a high fat meal and protect against metabolic syndrome If you are reading this you are almost certainly very health conscious already but. black and green grapes. [For more info about aspirin including possible side effects. look out for mushrooms that have been exposed to ultraviolet light – they are often referred to as vitamin D-fortified mushrooms and are becoming increasingly available. it can be difficult to avoid high-fat meals on occasion – that office get-together or family reunion. By the end of the study the rats eating this high fat diet combined with grapes showed significantly reduced inflammation markers throughout the body including in the liver and the abdominal fat tissue. Researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine have found that eating mushrooms that had been exposed to ultraviolet light and therefore contained vitamin D2 was as effective as taking vitamin D2 or vitamin D3 supplements when it came to increasing and maintaining vitamin D levels in the body.] This simple food can provide as much vitamin D as supplements Vitamin D is essential for a healthy body and a deficiency has been associated with increased risk of cancer. and markers of antioxidant defence were increased. A human study involving older people is currently underway to assess whether the phytonutrients present in these berries can protect the aged brain. cardiovascular disease. Post-menopausal women who used this had a significantly lower risk of melanoma Research by the Women’s Health Initiative published in the journal Cancer has shown that post-menopausal women in the study who used aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) had a significantly lower risk of melanoma compared with users of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
and approximately 63 million Americans are potentially at risk of developing obesity-related liver disease.This common dietary element is associated with a higher incidence of prostate cancer Earlier studies have associated higher milk intake with a higher incidence of prostate cancer. nuts. The most effective way to stem teenage smoking may not be what you think A University of Texas researcher has found that early. such as belittling. Skim/low-fat milk intake was associated with risk of low-grade early stage prostate cancer – the higher the intake the greater the risk of non-aggressive prostate cancer. 75% of the risk estimates in these studies were found to have weak or no statistical significance. Researchers have now confirmed the relationship between vitamin E deficiency and such liver disease. Less effective are strategies that use negative reinforcement.S. That’s a lot of human effort for little outcome. seeds and leafy vegetables and many cereals are fortified with it. a recent study has found that probiotics may significantly reduce the progression of the disease. or using negative consequences. 80% of the ingredients had been named in the context of cancer risk – either increased or decreased risk. A severe form of this is nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or ‘NASH. However. substantive dialogue between parents and their children about the ills of tobacco and alcohol use can shape teen behaviour more powerfully than advertising. They say that the vast majority of adults in the U. Mice with NASH whose diets were supplemented with vitamin E avoided the majority of NASH-related symptoms. The study is described as adding further evidence to suggest the potential role of dairy products in the development of prostate cancer and its prognosis. those patients taking tamoxifen who also drank two or more cups of coffee a day experienced less than half the rate of cancer recurrence compared with patients on tamoxifen who drank only . U.” It can be accompanied by personality changes and intellectual impairment and is said to be notoriously difficult to treat. The lead author of the study cautioned that further research is needed to demonstrate whether coffee can help with cancer prevention. This study looked at the association of different types of milk with prostate cancer and its severity.. However.” Taking tamoxifen? Research results suggest this drink makes the drug doubly effective Coffee drinking has previously been linked with lower risk of developing certain types of breast cancer. do not consume the 15 milligrams of vitamin E a day recommended by the National Institute of Medicine.. According to this systematic review of 50 ingredients found in cookbooks. you could be right.’ It is also associated with type 2 diabetes and there is currently no treatment for it other than a liver transplant. If you sometimes wonder whether everything we eat is associated with cancer. A potent weapon against obesity – and diabetes? Liver disease is a common complication of obesity. marketing or peer pressure. Another reason to drink coffee? A study published in the journal Cancer has found that participants who drank four cups of coffee a day had a 49% lower risk of oral/pharyngeal cancer compared with those who drank no coffee or only the occasional cup. Vitamin E is found in vegetable oils. In this study. “There’s something to be said in telling a teen how you’ve suffered if you’ve smoked or engaged in bad behavior when you were a teen. No major link with lower risk was found for decaffeinated coffee or for tea. A new treatment for hepatic encephalopathy? Hepatic encephalopathy is “a worsening of brain function that occurs when the liver is no longer able to remove toxic substances in the blood. Probiotics enrich the gut flora with certain microorganisms that in turn cause a decrease in the production of the ammonia that is thought to be a major factor in the cerebral dysfunction produced by hepatic encephalopathy. According to the researchers this finding could have a significant impact on public health. Whole milk was consistently associated with a higher incidence of fatal prostate cancer.S.
Despite a common perception that older people may have memory problems. Intermittent fasting: a scientific review Light fasting on consecutive days or alternate days has become a popular method of weight loss. A simple food that may reduce pathogens in the GI tract More and more studies are revealing the importance of a healthy population of microflora in the human gut. has been found to counter liver fibrosis in mice. Clinical trials have shown that fasting can limit inflammation. Worried your diet is affecting your liver? Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can lead to liver cancer.000 children that has just been released and is published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect shows that children who are exposed to negative parenting. The mice fed on white button mushrooms also had fewer inflammatory cells. the effects of the retraining could still be observed two years later. whereas progesterone showed persistent negative effects from the day before until two days after progesterone peaked. are more likely to experience bullying by their peers. or no coffee. A scientific review suggests that fasting diets may also help people with cardiovascular disease and further clinical trials are planned to test its effectiveness. Now researchers have found that mere regular exercise decreases the level of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NASH) in mice fed on a high fat diet. Further studies with differing age groups are planned. improve metabolism and reduce blood pressure. Cancer and caffeine Meanwhile. It isn’t known exactly how coffee interacts with tamoxifen but researchers speculate that it somehow activates the tamoxifen and makes it more efficient. Testosterone may not regulate women’s libido as previously thought A study involving hormone levels in young female undergraduate students linked estrogen to feeling sexually motivated. There was no evidence to support the notion that testosterone was the main regulator of women’s libido. Clinical trials of the vitamin are therefore planned. Imagine the results on a healthy diet! Parents – including over-protective ones – can increase the risk of their child being bullied An anaylsis of studies involving of over 200. Now a synthetic form of vitamin D. a different study involving fruit flies has found further evidence of the sensitivity of certain cancer cells to caffeine. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cancer that originates in the liver cells and is one of the most common kinds of tumour. but with a time lag of two days. In an interesting study published in the Journal of Nutrition this month. The synthetic version of the vitamin is being used because natural .one cup of coffee. mice who were fed modest amounts of white button mushrooms as part of their diet developed increased diversity in the microflora in their gut and a reduction in pathogenic bacteria. New hope for treating liver fibrosis There are currently no effective drugs for treating liver fibrosis according to researchers. each day. calcipotriol. There is also some evidence that cutting calorie intake could possibly reverse type 2 diabetes in some people. An effective strategy to help older drivers stay safe drivers A study involving drivers 70-89 years of age has found that driver retraining is an effective way of improving safe-driving habits in older drivers over the longer term. Warm but firm parenting reduced the risk of a child being bullied. including over-protection. It is the 5th most common cause of cancer in men and the 8th most common cause in women.
vitamin D degrades quickly. too much of it can cause hypercalcemia or elevated calcium in the blood. vomiting. muscle weakness and painful joints. Also. The synthetic version of the vitamin. . It is thought that this new model for treating liver fibrosis may also be relevant in the treatment of other diseases with a fibrotic component. however. which may produce nausea. kidney and pancreas. A study published in the journal Hepatology early last year produced further evidence that coffee consumption decreases risk of advanced fibrosis in persons with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NASH). frequent urination. such as diseases of the lung. does not lead to raised calcium levels in the blood.
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