TENSE MEANS TIME____
I have been playing for two hours.
I have played.
I am playing. played.
I was playing.
Past Perfect Simple Past Past Continuous I played.
Past Perfect I had played. I will be playing.
Future Perfect Future Perfect Simple Future Future Continuous I will have
I will play.
I will have been playing for two hours at 2 o’clock.Simple PresentPresent Continuous Present PerfectPresent Perfect I play. Continuous
I had been playing when you came.
Past. Past. Future
PERFECT: Present. Future
CONTINUOUS: Present. Future
. Past. Future
PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Present. Past.There are three Main tenses
The Present The Past The Future
EACH TENSE HAS FOUR FORMS
Doesn’t he play rugby?
. 4. Does he know the way? 10. 2. Our school re-opens in July. Ram doesn’t go to school . 8.USES
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Present Form Of verb OR Present Form Of Verb + ‘s’ or ‘es’
A Future Action
Examples: 1. 9. I sing well. Honesty is the best policy. 7. She drinks tea daily. 6. She sings well. 3.I drink tea daily.
5. I don’t like to read sad stories.
It looks like it will rain tomorrow. It rained last week. being awarded. I / She received your letter yesterday. She will receive your letter tomorrow.She will watch her brother being awarded.
3. She watched her brother 3.Simple Past Tense
Past Form Of Verb
oPAST ACTION oNARRATION OF STORIES oDESCRIPTION OF SERIES OF PAST EVENTS
Simple Future Tense
Will + Present form of the Verb Uses:
He was typing in his office when the fire broke out.
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE Was. are + Present Participle
Uses: To describe an action that : Is happening at the moment of speaking. The school team will be going to Agra next week.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE Will be +Present Participle
Uses: To describe an action: That will be in progress at a given point of time in the future. She was watching her brother play when the thieves entered the house. 2.
2. It was raining at this time yesterday. were + Present Participle Uses:
To describe an action that Was going on at a point of time.
1. 2. It is raining.
Going on over a period of time.PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Is. 3. My sister is singing on the stage. am.
Examples: 1.This time tomorrow. 3. When another action took place. 3. She is watching her brother play. I won’t be going for the party tomorrow.
Examples: 1. I shall be flying over London.
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE Will/ shall have + Past Participle
Uses: To describe an action that will be completed by some point of time in the future. An action that began in the past. and is continuing in the present.He will have left before you reach. They had already pulled down the old building before the order was given. Examples: 1. 2.
PAST PERFECT TENSE Had + Past Participle
Uses: To describe an action that had already taken place in the past before another action took place In the past. the train had left.
2. 2. near the present time.
1. An action that has taken place In the past. but the action has Its effect In the present. He has lived here for ten years. They will have cleaned the streets in an hour.
. When I reached the station.PRESENT PERFECT TENSE has/ have +Past Participle
Uses: To describe an action: Which has been completed or done just now. He has eaten all the biscuits.
Examples: Examples: 1. he had been teaching there 2. When I visited him. We will have been living here for five years. They have been working for five years. since 9a.m. began in the past and continued in the past for sometime. 1.
. By next December.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Has been/ have been + Present Participle
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Had been + Present Participle
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Will have been + Present Participle Use: To describe an action That will be in progress even after a given point of time. Examples:
Use: Use: To describe an action which began in the past but To describe an action Is still continuing in the that present. He has been sleeping for five hours.
SHE/HE/IT HAS BEEN READING +TIME. YOU/WE/THEY ARE READING. SHE/HE/IT READS.
TENSE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
I AM READING.
I/WE/THEY/YOU HAVE READ.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
I/WE/THEY/YOU READ. SHE/HE /IT HAS READ. SHE/HE/IT IS READING.
I/ WE/ THEY/YOU HAVE BEEN READING +TIME.
I/HE/SHE/YOU/WE/T HEY HAD READ THE BOOK LAST WEEK. YOU/WE/THEY WERE READING.
. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
I/WE/SHE/HE/THEY/YOU HAD BEEN READING THE BOOK WHEN THE TEACHER WENT INTO THE CLASSROOM.PAST TENSE PAST
I/WE/THEY/YOU/SHE /HE/IT READ.
I/SHE/HE/IT WAS READING.
FUTURE PERFECT I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/TH EY WILL HAVE READ THE BOOK BY NEXT WEEK. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE Y WILL HAVE BEEN READING THE BOOK FOR FIVE DAYS ON MONDAY.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS I/WE/YOU/THEY/HE/SHE WILL BE READING THE BOOK SOON.FUTURE
SIMPLE FUTURE I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE Y WILL READ THE BOOK TOMORROW.
Yesterday we had seen the panther. I had been playing a match. I had been playing a match yesterday. so couldn’t go out with my friends.COMMON MISTAKES IN TENSES
.It is raining since yesterday. 4. X Yesterday we saw the panther. X It has been raining since yesterday.
3. I reached the station before the train had arrived. X I had reached the station before the train arrived.