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Part A 1 The Diagram 1 shows the circulatory system of a fish.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan sisrem peredaran darah ikan _

Diagram 1 What is organ X? Apakah organ X? A Lung Peparu C Kidney Ginjal B Stomach Perut D Heart Jantung

2. Diagram 2 shows a longitudinal section of a human heart. Rajah 2 menunjukkan keeratan membujur jantung manusia

Diagram 2 The blood vessel U is the Salur darah U ialah A aorta aorta C pulmonary artery arteri pulmonrwi B pulmonary vein vena pulmonari D posterior vena cava vena kava posterior

3. Diagram 3 shows a longitudinal section of the human heart. Rajah 3 menunjukan suatu keratan membujur jantung manusia.

Diagram 3 Which of the labelled parts, A, B, C or D, pumps blood to the lungs? Antara bahagian berlabel A, B, C dan D, yang manakah mengepaM darah ke peparu? 4. Diagram 4 shows a cross-section of the coronary artery of individuals X and Y. Rajah 4 menunjukkan suatu keratan remas arteri koronari bagi individu X dan individu Y?

Diagram 4 Which food should be avoided by individual Y? Makanan manakah yang perlu dielakkan oleh individu Y? A sh B Bread Ikan Roti C Orange D Beef burger Oren Burger daging

5. Diagram 5 shows the human heart. Rajah 5 menunjukkan jantung manusia

Diagram 5 What is X? Apakah X? A. Pulmonart artery Arteri pulmonary C.Vena cava Vena kava B. Pulmonary vein vena pulmonary D. Coronary artery Arteri koronari

6. Thrombin, fibrin, prothrombin and brinogen are four types of proteins. Trombin, brin, protrombin dan fibrinogen adalah empat jenis protein. Which of the following sequences is true for the involvement of these proteins during blood clotting? Antara urutan berikut, yang manakah betul dalam penglibatan protein-protein itu semasa pembekuan darah? A Thromhin, fibrin, prothrombin, fibrinogen Trombin,fibrin,protrombin,fibrinogen B Fibrin, prothrombin, fihrinogen, thrombi: Fibrin, protrombin, fibrinogen,trombin C Prothrombin, thrombin, fibrinogen, fibrin Prorrombin,thrombin, fibrinogen, brin D Fibrinogen, fibrin, prothrombin, thrombin Fibrinogen, fibrin, protrombin, thrombin 7. Which of the following substances causes fibrinogen to change to fibrin? Antara bahan berikut yang manakah menyebabkan fibrinogen bertukar kepada brin? A Vitamin K B Thrombin Vitamin K Trombin C Calcium ion D Thrombokinase Ion kalsium Trombokinase. 8. A gardener experiences non-stop bleeding after hurting his foot while gardening. What will happen if his blood is unable to clot? Seorang pekebun mengalami pendarahan tidak berhenti setelah kakinya tercedera semasa berkebun. Apakah akan terjadi jika darahnya tidak dapat membeku?

A Blood pressure decreases Tekanan darah menurun B Blood capillaries enlarge Kapilari darah membesar C The rate of heart beat increases Kadar denyuran janrung bertambah D The rate of respiration increases Kadar respirasi bertambah 9. Which of the following structures acts as a filter in human lymphatic system? Antara struktur beikut, yang manakah bertindak sebagai penapis di dalam sIstem limfa manusia? A Lymph nodes B Lymphatic duct Nodus limfa Duktus limfa C Spleen D Lymphatic vessels Limpa Salur limfa 10. Diagram 6 is a graph which shows the concentration of a certain antibody in the blood. Rajah 6 ialah graf yang menunjukkan kepekatan antibodi tertentu di dalam darah.

Diagram 6 Based on the graph, what has been injected into the blood? Berdasarkan graf apakah yang telah disuntik ke dalam darah itu? A Vaccine B Colostrum Vaksin Kolostrum C Horse antiserum D Blood plasma Antiserum kuda plasma darah 11. Which of the following ensures a healthy cardiovascular system? Antara berikut, yang manakah dapat memastikan sistem kardiovaskular yang sihat? I Healthy lifestyle Mengamalkan gaya hidup sihat II Drinking and smoking moderately Minum minuman keras dan merokok secara sederhana

III Healthy diet Pemakanan yang seimbang IV Exercise regularly Selalu bersenam A. I, III and III I, III dan III C. II, III and IV II,III dan VI B I,III and IV I,III dan IV D I,II,III and IV I,II,III dan IV

12. The Diagram 7 shows a cross section of a young dicotyledon root consisting of a few main tissues. Rajah 7 menunjukkan keratan renras akar muda pokok dikotiledon yang terdiri daripada beberapa tisu utama

Diagram 7 What is Y? Apakah Y? A Phloem Floem B Xylem Xilem C Cortex Korteks D Cambium Kambium

13. In an experiment to investigate the vascular system of a plant, the root of a balsam plant is immersed into eosin solution. Dalam satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji sistem vascular, akar pokok keembong direndam dalam larutan eosin. This is to Tujuannya ialah untuk A. stain the xylem tissue Mewarnakan tisu xylem B. stain the phloem tissue Mewarnakan tisu floem C. strengthen the xylem cell wall menguatkan dinding sel xylem D. increase turgidity of root cells meningkatkan kesegahan sel akar

14. Diagram 8 shows a type of plant tissue. Rajah 8 menunjukkan sejenis tisu tumbuhan.

Diagram 8 What is the importance of the thickening of cell wall by substance X? Apakah kepentingan penebalan dinding sel oleh bahan X? A To transfer photosynthesis products Mengangkut hasil fotosintesis B To give turgidity to the tissue Memberi kesegahan kepada tisu C To transfer water and mineral salts Mengangkut air dan garam mineral D To give support and mechanical strength Memberi sokongan dan kekuatan mekanikal 15. Diagram 9 shows an experiment of ringing a balk. Rajah 9 menunjukkan eksperimen menggelang pada bahagian kulit batang.

Diagram 9 Which of the following shows the condition of the stem after 2 months? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan keadaan batang tersebut selepas 2 bulan?

16. An experiment was carried out to investigate the rate of water loss from a plant in a day. The wind and the relative humidity factors were kept constant. The graph shows the result obtained from 0600 to 1300 hours. Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menyiasat kadar kehilangan air daripada satu tumbuhan dalam sehari. Faktor kelajuan angin dan kelembapan relatif dimalarkan. Graf menunjukkan keputusan yang diperoleh dari jam 0600 hingga 1300 Which of the curves A, B, C or D, is expected to show the rate of water loss in plant after 1300 hours? Antara lengkuk A, B, C atau D, yang manakah dijangka menunjukkan kadar kehilangan air dalam tumbuhan selepas jam 1300?

16. Which combination will give the highest rate of transpiration in a plant? Kombinasi manakah yang akan menyebabkan kadar transpirasi paling tinggi dalam tumbuhan? Environmental Factor Faktor Persekitaran Temperature Suhu Relative Humidity Kelembapan Relatlf Low Rendah High Tinggi High Tinggi Low Rendah Air Movement Pergerakan Udara High Tinggi Low Rendah High Tinggi Low Rendah

A B C D

High Tinggi High Tinggi High Tinggi High Tinggi

17. Diagram 10 shows a condition of a stoma. Rajah 10 menunjukkan satu keadaan stoma.

Diagram 10 Which of the following factors cause the stoma to be in the conditions as in Diagram 10? Antara faktor berikut, yang manakah menyebabkan stoma berada dalam keadaan seperti dalam Rajah10? I High intensity of light Keamatan cahaya yang tinggi II High air humidity Kelembapan udara yang tinggi III High concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere Kepekatan oksigen yang tinggi dalam atmosfera IV High concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere Kepekatan karbon dioksida yang tinggi dalam atmosfera A. I dan III I dan III C. II and III II dan III B I dan IV I dan IV D II and IV II dan IV

18. Diagram 11 shows vascular tissue in tree trunk Rajah 11 menunjukkan tisu vaskular dalam batang tumbuhan

Diagram 11

What is X? Apakah X? A Tracheid Trakeid C Companion cell Sel rakan B Sieve tube Tiub tapis D Parenchyma cell sel parenkima

19. The formation and dissociation of oxyhaemoglobin is summarised as follows:

X Oxygen + Haemoglobinoxyhaemoglobin y
Pembentukan dan penguraian oksihemoglobin dirumuskan seperti berikut:

Oksigen + Hemoglobinoksihemoglobin

Where do process X and process Y take place in the human body? Di manakah proses X dan proses Y berlaku dalam badan manusia? X Blood capillary Kapilari darah Body cells Sel badan Heart Jantung Body cells Sel badan Y Body cells Sel badan Lungs Peparu Body cells Sel badan Heart Jantung

A B C D

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Diagram 12 Which process explains the result shown in the diagram? Manakah proses yang menerangkan keputusan yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah itu? A. Evaporation of water from the flask Penyejatan air dari kelalang B. Transpiration by the leaves of the plant Transpirasi oleh daun tumbuhan C. Photosynthesis by the leaves of the plant Fotosintesis oleh daun tumbuhan D. Absorption of water by the roots of the plants Penyerapan air oleh akar tumbuhan 21. Diagram 13 shows a stage in the blood clotting mechanism. Rajah 13 menunjukkan satu peringkat di dalam mekanisme pembekuan darah. Which of the following statement explains this stage? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menerangkan peringkat ini?

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Diagram 13 A. Thrombokinase converts prothrombin to thrombin Trombokinase menukarkan protrombin kepada trombin B. Thrombin converts fibrinogen to meshwork of fibrin. Trombin menukarkan fibrinogen kepada jaringan fibrin C. Platelets stimulate the formation of meshwork of fibrin. Platlet meransang pembentukan jaringan fibrin. D. Platelets release the thromboplastin to form meshwork of fibrin. Platlet membebaskan tromboplastin untuk membentuk jaringan fibrin 21. Diagram 14 shows four types of blood cells in human. Rajah 14 menunjukkan empat jenis sel darah manusia Sel darah / blood cells P Q R S

Diagram 14 22. What is the function of cell Q ? Apakah fungsi sel Q ? A To stimulate clotting of blood Untuk menghasilkan pembekuan darah B To engulf foreign particles by phagocytosis Untuk menelan bahan asing secara fagositosis C To transport oxygen Mengangkut oksigen D To produce antibodies Untuk menghasilkan antibodi 23. Diagram 15 shows the lymphatic system. Rajah 15 menunjukkan system limfa

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Diagram 15 What is the role of K ? Apakah peranan K ? A To filter lymph and destroy antigens Untuk menapis limfa dan memusnahkan antigen B. To destroy erythrocytes of more than 120 days old Untuk memusnahkan eritrosit yang melebihi 120 hari C To store fatty acid and glycerol absorbed by the lacteal Untuk menyimpan lemak asid dan gliserol yang diserap oleh lakteal D To get rid of excess tissue fluid thus preventing oedema Untuk menyingkirkan lebihan bendalir tisu bagi mengelakkan 24. The diagram shows a longitudinal section of a human villus. Which of these compounds can be found in S?

S Diagram 16 A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin D C. Amino Acids / Asid amino D. Tiny droplets of lipids / titisan kecil lemak

25. Which antibody causes the bacteria to clump together?

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Apakah jenis antibodi yang menyebabkan bakteria untuk menggumpal bersama? A Antitoxin C Agglutinin Anti toksin Aglutinin B Opsonin D Lysin Opsonin Lisin 26. Diagram 17 shows that during transpiration, water molecules escape from the surface of the leaves will draw other water molecules from the mesophyll cells. Rajah 17 menunjukkan semasa transpirasi , molekul air keluar daripada permukaan daun akan menyebabkan molekul air yang lain masuk ke dalam mesofil sel Which phenomenon best describes this process? Apakah fenomena yang menerangkan proses ini?

A B C D

Capillary action Tindakan kapilari Transpirational pull Tarikan transpirasi Cohesive force Daya lekatan Adhesion force

27. Which of the following animals have an incomplete closed blood circulatory system? Manakah antara haiwan berikut mempunyaisisfem peredaran darah tertutup tak lengkap?

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I Cockroach Lipas ll Fish Fish III Grasshopper Belalang IVFrog Katak A I and ll only B ll and lV only C l, ll and III only D IV only 28. The information below shows the stages of the blood clotting mechanism in humans. Maktumat berikut menuniukkan aras mekanisma pembekuan darah manusia. P Fibrinogen changes into fibrin Fibrinogen bertukar kepada fibrin Q Platelets stick to one another Platlet melekat antara satu sama lain R - Meshwork of threads are formed over the wound Jaringan bebenang terbentuk pada luka S Thrombokinase are released Trombokinase dibebaskan T Prothrombin changes into thrombin Prothrombin bertukar kepada thrombin Which of the following sequences of blood clotting mechanism is correct? Manakah antara yang berikut adatah urutan mekanisma pembekuan darah yang betul? A. S T Q P R B. P Q R ST C. Q S T P R D. Q P S T R 29. Diagram 17 shows a potometer that is used to investigate the effect of air movements on the rate of transpiration in a plant. Rajah 17 menunjukkan sebuah potometer yang digunakan untuk mengkaji kesan pergerakan udara ke atas kadar transpirasi dalam tumbuhan.

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Diagram 17 If the distance travelled by the air bubble is 5.0cm after 20 minutes when a fan is switched on, predict the distance travelled by the air bubble when the fan is not switched on. Jika jarak yang dilalui oleh gelembung udara ialah 5.0sm selepas 20 minit kipas dipasangkan, ramalkan jarak yang dilalui gelembung udara itu jika kipas tidak dipasangkan. A. 3.8cm B. 5.1cm C. 5.5cm D. 6.0cm 30. Which of the following shows the correct sequence of the blood flowing in the pulmonary circulation? Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan urutan yang betul tentang peredaran darah dalam sistem peredaran pulmonari ? A B C D Part B 1. Figure 18 shows part of the circulatory system and the lymphatic system in the human body Rajah 18 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada sistem peredaran darah dan system limfa yang terdapat dalam badan manusia. Arteri pulmonari - peparu - vena pulmonari - jantung Aorta- peparu - arteri pulmonari - jantung Vena pulmonari - jantung - aorta - sel badan Vena kava - jantung - arteri pulmonari - peparu

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Diagram 18 (a) (i) What is uid X? Apakah bendlir X? 1(a)(i) [I mark] (ii) What happens to the components of uid X when it passes through the lymph node? Apakah yang berlaku kepada komponen dalam bendalir X semasa melalui nodus lmfa? 1(a)(ii)

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[I mark] (b) (i) Fluid X originates from the blood. Bendalir X berasal daripada darah. Describe how uid X is formed from the blood. Huraikan bagaimana bendalir X terbentuk daripada darah.

1(b)(i)

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[2 marks] (ii) State one difference between uid X and the blood. Nyatakan. satu perbezaan antara bendalir X dengan darah. 1(b)(ii)

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[I mark] (c) (i) A part of vessel Q is blocked Satu bahagian pada salur Q didapati tersumbat. Explain its effect on the system in figure above. Terangkan kesannya ke atas sistem dalam rajah di atas

1(c)(i)

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[2 marks] (ii) Vessel Q in the leg is blocked. Salur Q di kaki didapati tersumbat. What would happen to the leg? Apakah yang akan terjadi pada kaki itu? [I mark] (d) The blood circulatory system and the lymphatic system function to maintain the composition of the tissue fluid sistem peredaran darah dan sistem limfa berfungsi untuk mengekalkan komposisi bendalir tisu. Explain how the composition of the tissue fluid is maintained by stating the substances transported by the blood circulatory system and the lymphatic system Terangkan bagaimana komposisi bendalir tisu ini dikekalkan dengan menyatakan contoh-contoh bahan yang diangkut oleh sistem peredaran darah dan sistem limfa 1(c)(ii)

1(d)

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[3 marks]

2. Diagram 19.1 and 19.2 show TWO different types of immunity. Rajah 19.1 dan 19.2 menunjukkan DUA jenis keimunan

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Diagram 19.1

Diagram 19.2

(a) (i) State the type of body defence mechanism involved in immunity. Nyatakan jenis mekanisme pertahanan badan yang terlibat dalam keimunan. [1 mark] (ii) State the substance produced by the body which can be relate to immunity. Nyatakan bahan yang dihasilkan oleh badan yang berkaitan dengan keimunan. [1 mark] (b) State the type of immunity in diagram 19.1 and 19.2. Nyatakan jenis imuniti dalam rajah 19.1 dan 19.2. Diagram 19.1: . Diagram 19.2: .. [2 marks] (c) (i) State the substance injected to each person P and Q based on diagram 19.2. Nyatakan bahan yang disuntik kepada individu P dan Q dalam rajah 19.2. [1 mark] (ii) Explain the role of the substance named in c(i). Jelaskan peranan bahan yang dinamakan di c(i). ................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................... [2 marks] (iii) Explain why Q had to be given the second injection of the same substance. Terangkan mengapa individu Q harus diberi suntikan kedua bagi bahan yang sama. [2 marks] (d) (i) Based on diagram 19.1, state an example of substance injected to the person. Berdasarkan rajah 19.1, nyatakan satu contoh bahan yang disuntik kepada individu tersebut. [1 mark] (ii) Explain why the person needed to be injected with the substance named in d(i). Terangkan mengapa individu tersebut perlu disuntik dengan bahan yang dinamakan dalam d(i).

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[2 marks]

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