You are on page 1of 18

DWDM

DENSE WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING

DEFINITION . TO BE TRANSMITTED ALONG THE SAME FIBER.DWDM DENSE WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING IS A FIBER. . EACH HAVING ITS OWN OPTICAL WAVELENGTH.OPTIC TRANSMISSION TECHNIQUE WHICH ALLOWS NUMBER OF OPTICAL SIGNALS.

EVOLUTION OF WDM 16+ Channels 0.8nm spacing 1996 1990’s 2 .4 Channel 3nm -5nm spacing 1980’s 2 Channel Wide band WDM .

WHY DWDM ? • • • • Increase Network Capacity Working on Existing Fiber Infrastructure Low Initial Cost Easy Upgradability .

COMPONENTS • • • • MULTIPLEXERS DEMULTIPLEXERS EDFA (Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier) OADM (Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) .

Multiplexing of Channels 16 Channels Simultaneous flow of 16 Channels in a single Fiber Multiplexer .

DWDM NETWORK SYSTEM 1 2 OADM 1 2 EDFA EDFA STM4 / STM16 16 Terminal 16 Terminal CHANNEL CAPACITY : 2.5 Gb/s x 16 Channels = 40 Gb/s .

As “NZDSF” is 50 times “SMF”.UPGRADATION OF 2.5 Gb/s TO 10 Gb/s TDM STM 16 Single Mode Fiber (SMF) UPGRADATION TDM STM 64 Non Zero Dispersion Shifted Fiber (NZDSF) Upgradation is very expensive. .

5 Gb/s TO 10 + Gb/s TDM STM 16 Single Mode Fiber (SMF) UPGRADATION DWDM Single Mode Fiber (SMF) UPGRADATION IS POSSIBLE ON EXISTING FIBER .UPGRADATION OF 2.

ADVANTAGES OF DWDM OVER TDM • Easier upgradability on existing Fiber Infrastructure.40 Gb/s • Cost effective solution • Migration Path to 100Gb/s . • Less effect of Dispersion • More Capacity .

APPLICATIONS • Long Distance Transmission . . • Flexibility to lease Capacity to users.Point to Point and Ring Topology. • Quick increase in Capacity on existing Fiber Network.

TRANSPONDER • TRANSPONDERS ARE WAVELENGTH TRANSLATORS Non-WDM Wavelength Tx TRP ITU WDM Wavelength .

5 Gb/s STM-16 TERMINAL TERMINAL .INTEGRATED DWDM SYSTEM 16 X 2.

4 STM .1 PDH SONET TRP TRP TRP TRP TRP 16 X 2.5 Gb/s TRP TRP ATM CATV TRP MUX TRP DEMUX TRANSPONDER .STAND ALONE DWDM SYSTEM STM .16 STM .

APPLICATIONS : ADD/DROP CONFIGURATION EXPRESS TRAFFIC OADM LOCAL TRAFFIC TERMINAL TERMINAL .

APPLICATIONS RING TOPOLOGY OADM OADM OADM OADM OADM LINEAR TOPOLOGY 1 2 OADM 1 2 16 EDFA EDFA STM4 / STM16 16 .

DWDM NETWORK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM NETWORK MANAGEMENT UNIT 1 2 EDFA OADM EDFA 1 2 16 TERMINAL FIBER CIRCUITS DROPPED & ADDED 16 TERMINAL .

Network Management System The ITU Standardized TMN model: Security Accounting Business Service Network Management Network Element Management Network Element TMN: Telecommunication Management Network .