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The Expository Paragraph
The Expository Paragraph
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k n h ? $ ~ ? a n i iThe expository paragraph (Ciiii 'Expositoryuloln expose MUIU~J "~gm~ ow w(reveal) ~ ? " 1 a01 Q~~uI~$L%" ) nlsLfaudsZlon Topic sentence ~ICJIWL~LIU'II~ the exposition u h u l ~ b k d i
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expensive, nice, kind, terrible f i a unhealthy etc.
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rri~leilGdi~~urrh~~ullu~nii ni.rdiunis~iuuIdri u~at d .rrnd~~ilw~aiuriouii t~imu~otiio~dia uu~ t~ o~ouinn. ( ~ ~ a t n ? i u o ? ~ ) ~ d o d ~ : l u nTopic sentence d d n 2 i u ~ a h ~ d ~ i l u n ~ nio iu~ o iil ~ uni~aaat n2iuftr.n~uu~u~nw d d i o t u ~ a t + 1 ~ n n 2 i uihiipr~ oi~ n ~ o I G ~ 2 o i i ~ w ' riniaini. rd :~ uu n4 nn uw u t~ ii&o:~Qou~~u~n'u "My favorite Hobby is Playing MahJong.rmauluda~nd~iuu ~eiii~n~ d v d uonoinuun~aini.rtiuud~:lun~Cuqun2iuAa d a v d Yu n - h6Qtuvo~~:iinl~~om~a~ ~Qiuo:FiodGdi~~iu~~uuy~u~ ~d~~euii ~)?~nnI:di~ u i n d 7 a s:~damA~nu~:~GiIoji ud7a ~ d o ~ : ~ i u u ~ ~ ~i o d l~ a~ n 6 d ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ d i u ~ ? ' Irid~u?iaud.rt~uuu'on?iu~U'u~tfun~iu~~~~ndiunmot~~uni.~ u u : ~ ~ ~ u n i r ~ ~ sentence u u ~ o ~ ilu~luu c The exposition l?Yjin?r~iuud.riiunir~au~i~uQuu~Quun'ulu~~u uvot d d u n the exposition Ro d ~ : l u n d n ~ ~ t n ~ i u n u i a r n " O nw .a'm~ouuin8u d3:lun Topic sentence n)cn~mni. Kimberly is a nlce person.a'a~~u'L~uind~~ o h~Gilo41ln. ~ a i w f i o e n n u l a n u n i i & ~ n o:diu~iluu'o~~~h~iuAa auurtiuin~~t~iluncin~iud.dnnuuinnya ~Aolri~diu~irumwli.rnfiunia~~ nio o:~ie~~~mt~o~di~~d~~ri~oulv ~i ~~ ud ~i~ui ni .n u ~ i t( *~ a factual statement) n i n u n ~ i u G a ~ A(an u n opinion statement) ~du Mr.r:Iun it v u d Topic d sentence ldu Here Is the point I am going to prove.l u ~ m d ? n ~ w u ~ u v a t a .r9 ' & t n n u 8 0 $ t h n ~ w n : ~ ~ o ~ d i u ~ i n~ id ui uu o~ n i a n ~ t ~ i d o ~ n ~ i u ~ ~ a u u ~jtu~u~iu:t$!uu i n $ u hw~~ci?ntl6 u ~ i n o u n d ~nriio ul A ' vw rinanlti o:6ot~~euo'n~iuft~x~~u~'1r(na~ ' Mah-Jong ~u~~ur 6oo:l'l iouii ~ 6 u o d i d 3 Run . r: d Topic ~~i~u~ri~~iu~d7unnun'un~1~tno:di~da~do:~ilufdd~vi$iotni.rnvotwi.rinnvl ~ w n : ~ f l u n i .i r~ iu o~dot:diu6il11~6~flw~o~~~ l a ~du~ilun?iuo nio~flu+oi%pri it n ~ o ~ f l u & a d lau~dsu3:ydaaind. which Is a Chlnese game played wlth 8 t~ierr 1~ u~ ~ i u ~ ~ d i u ~ ~ o d i u d . i a d o u ~ m ~ i u A a h ~ ~ ~ u I J~ .ulduu Y Ya v ni.n 2 i u x u i u d n i i t uin 9 d (generalization) ~ ~ ~ L ~ ~ I ~ o : L ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ : I ~ ~ R u ' Y H ~ u L L d ~iuu'1~'in21unuiun~~w Loieat i: (specitic) Iriuindg iiiwru:~ilu. r r ~ u n 6 ~ ~ i ~ 0 r G o t ~ ~ m ~ i n i"What u1u'1 iso u i n u u ~ u Mah-Jong?" "Why does the writer like to play Mah-Jong?" and "Why is it the writer's favolite hobby?" ~ u ~ i u ~ ~ n ~ ! u u ~ o u r$ ~o u t~w u~!uudot~H'dn~iu.riu~tot o : ~ . r u i r ~ ~ r .r:Tun sentence li~2d3:lsnu. ( l l H ~ t c l 2 i u ~ o l l ~ u ) The English language has borrowed many terms from French.
financial rewards for female athletes topped more than $16 million. Topic sentence: Support: 1. 5. 3. Computers are used in hospitals to keep records of all patients. Students find pocket calculators invaluable in their math classes. the number of golfers from less than a half million to more than 5 million. Topic sentence : Support: 1. Departments stores like Central Department Store and 'The Mall uses computers to keep records of their customers' payment. Since 1970. the figure is 30 percent. . 2. Thirty-three percent of all high school athletes are female. a six fold increase since the early 1970s. the number of female tennis players in the country has jumped from about 3 million to 11 million. In colleges. In the space provided. an increase in ten years of 250 percent. in 1970. up from less than $1 million ten years ago. Computerized robots are now being used in some industries on assembly lines. there were too few to count 4. of the nation's 17. B.1 million joggers. Home computers are used to balance checkbooks. 3. and even to play games 4. A. keep track of investments.Exercise 1 : Locating the Topic Sentence Study the following sets of sentences carefully. In 1980. 2. over one-third are women. write a topic sentence that contains a pertinent generalization. According to one survey. regulate the heat and lights.
3. Many products on grocery store shelves are conspicuously labeled 'cholesterol free. which moderately lowers cholesterol levels.a'diu~a oPS11iuWdiiah llfindnwiiiu u ~ ~ C ~ Q u 4 i n i ~ ~ ~ u u o ~ u i u l u ~ ~ u ~ l d ~ n ~ i u % m n~~%unuuCu~diwlnnniiCu Going to college can be expensive. . Oat bran. Cooper's Contiolllng Cholesterol. Everyone knows that tuition and room and board aren't cheap. Two books. there are all kinds of special fees tacked onto the bill at registration time. 4. Kenneth H best-sellers this year.C. During the recent presidential campaign. The fees never rr .Week Cholesterol Cure and . is selling so fast that some manufacturers were working around the clock to meet the demand. Robert E. doctors released medical reports with the leading candidates' cholesterol levels. Students usually have to pay for parking and even for adding and dropping courses after registration. o ' ~ n u n ~ i u ~ ~ a o a ( ~ f~ su ~d u iu i ~uu~iinuiboio~flu~anu~ 4hd'iS ~i~. In addition. Toplc sentence: 1." ~ o n ~ i u & B o i i c j 6 i u ~ n n u ~ u ' i l ~ n u i i 'expensivewu u ~ ~ d n m u o d m l d ~ ~ i otu~ n~ ' ui l u ~ ~ i $ ~ a a ~ ~ ~ s u ~ o ~ $ i ~ a a ~ u i u c1expensivew~~~n?~un~fd~~%~~~o~~~n~~u~~~~~ma'I~~diudn PA 41 'JTI~ILLILIJQ?~*~ fiodia 2 ~?o~iid~~~~~~ndn'~3idiuio~dw"riruni~uama?~L~u ' drr . For instance. Kowalski's The 8. * A college can be ~ ii o u i~o uo iu ~lril~o iwnduii u expensive." 2. but there are other expenses that make going to college even mare expensive. have been major Dr. Support of the Generallzatlon Speclfic Detalls fif L fL I U ~ ~ Z ~ I R ~ U R ~ W ) drrw L ~ ~ ~ l T o sentence pic ~ i ~ d ~ ~ ~ u n ~unu t d6~nwmf ~ ? l ~u flu ~u u ius l r3uuinsu ~d~iuima~~~umw~6%m~o um uc uji~n uC uu no e h ~ uw iuiu~iiflC~diw~u'i~~~~n=: L G U ~ I W ~ % ~ L Q &d ~~ Mt ~ ~u ~ nCfnrii?~~u~ou "Going $ i u i i to 8 . the cost of books and supplies is high.
Supplies. Everyone knows that tuition. too. . a $10 fee to the student government association. there are all kinds of special fees racked onto the bill at registration time. are not cheap. and the many other supplies needed usually cost more at the college bookstore than at a local discount department store. a $15 activity fee. notebqoks. going to college even more expensive. In addition. If a student decides to add and drop a course after registration. writing utensils. A student might have to pay a $30 insurance fee.Going to college can be expensive.000 per semester. paper. room. books typically cost between $150 and $400 each term. there is yet another fee.000 to $10. For instance. and anywhere from $20 to $100 for parking. but there are other expenses that make . The fees never seem to end. For instance. and board can cost anywhere from $3. a package of notepaper costing $1 at a discount store might cost $2 at a college bookstore. for as any student knows.
000 a semester. d. Moreover. write the outline for the revised version. Studies have indicated that cigarette smoking increases the risk of cancer. . such as emphysema and bronchitis. Studies have also shown that cigarette smokers have a higher rate of heart attacks. Then compare the support. write the outline for the' first version of'the paragraph. For example: lneffectlve Support Effectlve Support Tuition and room and board aren't cheap. On the left side of your paper.Exercise 2 To illustrate the difference in the support given in the two paragraphs about the expense of college. 1. make an outline of each paragraph. Smokers have a higher rate of respiratory diseases. Tuition and room and board can cost anywhere from $3. c. Smoklng cigarettes is unhealthy. cigarette smoke stains teeth. b.000 to $10. Exerclse 3 Study the following groups of topic sentences and details. on the right side. a. Circle the letter of the detail that does not actually support the controlling idea in each topic sentence.
the pole starts to bend as my arms are shaking. We then drive up to Folsom Lake. one in three cancer victims still survived after five years of treatment. Cancer is very painful way to die. I feel no pressure or demands. There we can see the fog floating above the lake surface. less than $1. The exciting part is feeling my body react like a baby who just got a new toy. When Monday morning classes . Tan. has been reduced more than 70 percent. identify the writer's topic sentence by putting it in brackets: [ 1. as the thick darkness is turning into daylight. and it is very relaxing.000 was used for research support. As soon as the weight hits water. in 1937. on Saturdays. Sometimes we have to sit there for hours before a fish finally bites the bait. In 1937. Then discuss the questions that follow the paragraph with your classmate or your teacher. Fishing at Folsom Lake makes me forget about school and all my distressing problems. My favorite hobby is going fishing with my best friend. When I begin to pull it in. that figure was about $900. but I still keep on turning the wheel. the principal cause of cancer death in women about fifty years ago. Exercise 4: Locating the topic sentence (from the paragraph) As you read this paragraph about a favorite hobby. revealing the clear blue water. doctors could save fewer than one cancer victim in five. in 1937. it makes a splashing sound. d. while the challenging part is keeping the trout from escaping my hook.000. Once in a while. c. we cast a fishing line. b.2. which is a very peaceful place. a. The death rate caused by uterine cancer.000. Some progress has been made In the last fifty years In the battle against cancer. Whenever I am out on the lake. We wake up at the crack of dawn. in 1978.000.
concrete descriptive words Speciflc examples from your experience or obsewatlon Speclflc facts. as the reader. office today. Dlscusslon Questions 1. examples." ~ n ~ n w i o an ru ad1J!~"~JQ:LLAPI J i l 'terrible' !$ad1 ~ $ n ~ o u C A"nwmr t~~ Y G~ndi?u evidence d C I ? 3 ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 7 f L ~ u n l 3 u n ~ 7 O 2-3 u '6 i 2 J E~ ~ ~n I J L ~ D L L I @ J ~ I 'terrible' odl~un'o?~ ~ ~ ~ : ~ i o d i ~ d J ~ ~ i n ~ n ~ o t i i a ~ (d co ~nnc' r e~ te w) b ~h ii n ldr pu ~ d ~ ~ ~ n h ? b u q d ~ d u ? h evidance 3Ao ? . to understand the central point (or the controlling idea) of the paragraph? Why? Or Why not? Evidence. ~:a~luud. Does the topic sentence help you.uu The Expository paragraph uanolnor$aJl$ specific details lunif ~ c u ~ y u uRnff15~ n ? ~ ~ ~ ~ ? ~ n ~ n w l m ~ 1 1 3 n ~ .U ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Q : ~ J ~ ~ ~ J ~ " J C I ? I U ~ I ~ H ~ J ~ ~ Lw:L:~Q:L~ ~ J ~ ~ I M L ~ ~ ~ U ~ % I < ~ ~ ~ Y w 1rm~n?iuftnlwdaJ1ano:cio~!thniu q ~ ~ n u ~ d i u ~ aI u u aK iv i ~u ou~a~nirn~iun~tii~ d uRz&LauludoJln~lJ Ld~~n~nwauina:~8uuuanlwauh "I had a terrible day at the . facts.come. figures. and quotations.(evidence) a'~A"nn g il fua%uiu (analysis) L L R : & ~ ~ (example) J ulRliU~yd7:lon Topic sentence 16 Evidence Evidence f i a ~ a n u ?d ~ d u specific details d w a ~%Gaflp J (proof) nelvuu paragraph g ? a r i l ~ v a ~ evidence . data Speclflc quotations . Which sentence is the writer's topic sentence? 2. Analysis. the day goes by fast because the memories of my hours fishing on Folsom Lake are still fresh in my mind.r:lun topic sentence LL$? nlfotL?ian evidence a Q n ~ a u i l f l u ~ i n LBUU~~ . ~ d J i u i ~ d i ~ u ~ ~ n ~ ~ u d . ~tnau~~~ h6@lfu&~fi$nww6~$ Speclflc. ~ i ~ i ~ % d 3 z n a u ~ u n ithe ~ ~ ! expository uu specific and description details. and Examples n13~.
Does the paragraph have enough specific evidence (details. quotations) to give the reader a clear picture of the activity or hobby? 2.ani1~i8~6ia%uiu (explanation) RI~L!LIU ~ ~ ~ I u w R ~ ~ ~ ~ L I R R J ~ $ ~ J ~ d u ntopic sentence 6ioiuiu:u the expository paragraph ~ G E I J ~ Q analysis M % I u l n d n ~ i o : n ' o ~ 6 i ~ d u a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u u ~ ~ ~ u i l o u ~ : 6 ak ~~ ni ~ u6 ~ i~ nu au ul w My dfavorite a ~ Hobby nun~nwio~6aiil~ uan~u(aiul$%a~ou-hWhat is it? . This time. abstract ideas (in this case. Does the writer need to add more specific evidence? Analysis Analysis i. whereas analysis consists of more general. Try to identify the abstract ideas that make up the writer's analysis.Exercise 5: Locatlng the Evidence Reread the paragraph in exercise 4. examples. ideas about what makes fishing enjoyable for the writer). even though these abstract ideas may be accompanied by specific details.Zu a u favorite hobby or activity and why do you enjoy ~iniu~ariiuun~nwor6o~~iiuu~lin~ai~floil~~~~iniudsin~nau~~i Rjriwluni-i~iuu analysis ~'2uCiif a n i ~ ~ ~ u ~ a % u i u 1 ~ ( 6 i uw m~i + u~1 l I1i ~ lu~iu a8nndndi2~~~ilu~i~nd'110u a~tCulIil$~iua~natii~ls1J'i~ Exercise 6: Locating the Analysis Read again the paragraph in the exercise 4. this time underlining the specific evidence (descriptive words. concrete details (words that appeals to five senses). look for the writer's analysis. facts) that the writer uses to develop the central p ~ i n t and to create in the reader's mind a vivid picture of the hobby. though. examples. 1. facts. Then answer the following questions. Circle the phrases or sentences in which the writer explains the evidencetelling the reader Why fishing is his favorite leisure-time activity. . Remember that evidence includes specific.
n ~ u ~ S C ~ o d 1 ~ ~ d ~ i d i n ' a oq~ rn r id o~ ?~ ~u ~6 r i1 iu unwnvimuim u ~u'su~indi~d~fludde q~ n s~ i iu ~n i . drawing on personal experience and observations. Arl example of a dangerous drug is 3.fiIas Ldu $?aeiisuas d t d m a rnwsuaidriin~i 1~1~r-i u ~ ~~ ~~ to u &o nd l ~ ~ o d ~ n i l6~1ri i m L tsnn~71g n u ~ ~~ilugu ~~~n?iur~luuiua~. An example . r ~ i s u & o d i ~ qzu s i l lindn ~ wn~. 2.rdiii~n'~n?lu w oRuezmiu%a~oul5i?s .ro~uu5~dmuimot~aT evidence 9 s ~ a i 716 u H~nnii?8n~snwdnno 'Example' is a specific representative of a general category. ni~~~sulC6~ood. 1.rznou ~flu~n~mu~uo~ni~~%sua~u~yun~iu~a~i~y Exercise 7: Locating the Examples 4 -A d Complete the following sentences.Examples Examples ~ o n i ~ d s ~ s n & o h d ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ n i .ruuo~d~~n6ji?n"~~n?iu.r~rl~~odi~du1m~u~d5o1orii1C~i1w~do~~1ulf m u w L: .~ ' ~ .r~%su 11at~1~~od~uin~u t: n?~uh~uodn~da*io~i~~u~iu~~su~~o~*$?oeii~~~d? bsni. An example of a difficult course is 4.a v ~ ~ ~ ~ t l ? n l i r n i ~ ~ ~ u ~ ? ~ d i ~ B i i d ~ n s d a a d i i ~ ~ n d ~ ~ o ~ n i ~ ~ ~ h o d i d ( order of importance) a a d l5Ris~du~R~~n'uni~~Buuwi~in UR ~ :i ~ d~~u~ouq d .i~drio~~fiuld5oi0ldd~slS~6iu~~iI~ n~iudnuocr$~uuuinlin inusmi. Albert Einstein is an example of a(an) 5. r d ~ ~ . of a famous rock-and-roll singer is Elvis Preslev.a'a1ou Gduuni. Driving while under the influence of alcohol is an example of n 1 .rIC$-Jodi~d. a ' ~ u " U a y u n ? i ~wn:n?iulaui~1. The first one is done for you.
000 a month. my water bill has increased Bt 20 in three months. -- 2.rtuid. it cost BttJ to use the public telephone. 1. Finally.rzlon l i . ~da9oi.rdon6dn??u~uio~n?i~s~?n~fiu~d lil8ua~~l$~diunnu~~clii C ~ I ~ S ~ J ~ W ~ ~ I ~ L ~ ~ U ~ L L ~ R J ~~ ~I dU~~l ~ ~P d I. a ' a ~ ~ u generalization G n ~ i a ~ u i u n i i ~ uin 9 C n d n u i n ~ . whereas only two years ago it went for Bt 2. &ori?~d. In addition. even - though my water consumption has not gone up.r:lsnlu generalization h ~ s i u ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ n d n l t i ~ ~ ~ i u i f n ~ d 6 ~ a d i ~ l u ~ i u ~ Q4-5 u ~$~~€I~IJ~~L~U? l6~n ~ I ~ L ! L L U ~ ~ U J $ ? O ~ J L Q U ~ ~ I J ~ ~ J ~ ~ ~ ~ w a d ~ : d ? ~ l ~ ~ i i w ~ ~ u n i w&$urtind. 4. -- - - The average one-bedroom apartment goes for Bt 5. r z l o n 6 9 ~R ~j ~a1 E ~i ~ ?~~ 1C ~ un~un?i~G~ R ij? i i q l i 6?0u'lJ The cost of living has been rlslng lately. When I first came to this town three years ago. . but now it costs Bt 3. 5. whereas only two years ago it went for Bt 2. 3.000 . Example Support: The average one-bedroom apartment goes for Bt 5.000 a month.ril~Zin~riunitfidaRiodi~np%iui~! U U ~ d O J ~ ~ ~ (specific I ~ ~ W example) L Lnua a rii LQUU~?~~IJ~~C~?IUM~I U ~ ? I J Q M L ~ ~ rPf~d~1?1aoi?uinld~du M~~ Generalization: The cost of living has been rising lately. The cost of regular gasoline has increased from Bt18 a litre toeBt 30.000 . a ' m r o u 6 u LAa~n?iuln~nn&dThe average one-bedroom apartment goes for Bt 5. Y rz I Il J uI n W6 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a r i i ~ Q F I~ .15 in only six months. r ~ l o u d . my cable television bill has jumped up another Bt 300 per month for basic service.000 a month.
24) 1 . Be sure that the examples are adequately explained." Time. was leveled by a tornado that killed 7 and injured about 200. Last week. More recently. wherever he goes. He tells them funnv stories that invariably make them smile. he made some soup and delivered it to her. Exercise 8 For each of the following topic sentences. Mississippi. the tornado that hit Wichita Falls. 1. Texas. p. The first one is done for you. When he is on the bus. in 1982. . This tornado destroyed an entire block of homes and damaged many other houses and places of business. . killing 26 I people. Wisconsin. in 1979. 19 April 1982. he talks to people who look sad. a. For the second example use a specific incident.A model paragraph to show the concrete examples: Topic: Toplc sentence: Tornadoes Tornadoes can be devastating. when he h e a d that his neighbor was sick. Mr. for example. Even though not all tornadoes cause such massive devastation. the tornado caused the death of over twenty people. the town of Barneveld. and causing more than $50 million in property damage. at least twenty-five tornadoes hit Arkansas. circle the controlling idea (generalization) and then write out two examples that support that idea. along with a bouquet of flQweR3. In 1984. Morales . Take. Texas. In addition. if they touch down in populated areas. Tornadoes can be devastating. b. injuring over 300. you can expect considerable damage* *(Information from "The Winter That Refused to Die. and Florida.
hailstorms. 4. 5. 1 have learned a lot about in the last year. 9 The devastation from such natural disasters as floods. b. hurricanes. Write a paragraph giving examples of the devastation caused by a natural disaster. Exercise. tornadoes. There are some mean people in my neighborhood. There are several thiqgs you can do to reduce pollution. . or droughts is awesome. Some things definitely need to be changed at this university.2. 3.
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