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10 MC - Reading

10 MC - Reading

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• addresses basic literacy using the strategy of phonics and move on to enable pupils to become independent readers. • pupils‟ phonemics awareness will be developed by means of phonics. • recognising letter sounds is an essential and useful early reading skill. • pupils should be aware of the relationship between phonemes and the grapheme.

Phonics
• Phonics is knowing that sounds and letters have a relationship. • A child who has mastered phonics can connect the sounds he knows with letters, then put them together to make words. • Phonics offers your beginning reader the strategies she/he needs to sound out words. • 26 letters in our alphabet correspond to 44 sounds.

. • Phonetics: Classification of speech sound . with regard to the physical aspects of their production. esp.Phonics vs Phonetics • Phonics: Correlation between sounds and letters.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /s/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) s . cross Learning Standard 2. ss Words sun .2 (a) and (e)-Y1 . sit.1.

pat Learning Standard 2.2 (a) -Y1 . cat.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /æ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) a Words apple.1.

1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /t/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) t Words cat. pot Learning Standard 2. tap .2 (a)-Y1 .

pet.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /p/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) p Words pull.2 (a) -Y1 . top Learning Standard 2.1.

2 (b) -Y1 .1. pin .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɪ / Grapheme (Letter(s)) i Words sin. sit Learning Standard 2.

1. nose Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /n/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) n Words noise. nine.2 (b) -Y1 .

2 (b) -Y1 .1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /m/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) m Words mouth. met Learning Standard 2. moon.

2 (b) -Y1 . doll Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /d/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) d Words door.1. duck.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /g/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) g Words goat. tag Learning Standard 2. girl.2 (c) -Y1 .1.

1. hot.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɒ / Grapheme (Letter(s)) o Words clock.2 (c) -Y1 . top Learning Standard 2.

2 (c) and (d)-Y1 . kid. c . kick Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /k/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) k .1. ck Words cup.

ten.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /e/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) e Words pen.1.2 (d)-Y1 . bell Learning Standard 2.

bun Learning Standard 2. hut.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ʌ / Grapheme (Letter(s)) u Words cup.2 (d) Y1 .

rose. run Learning Standard 2.2 (d) Y1 .1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /r/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) r Words red.

1. hot.2 (e) Y1 . hit Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /h/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) h Words hut.

book.1.2 (e) Y1 . tab Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /b/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) b Words ball.

ff Words five.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /f/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) f.2 (e) Y1 . puff Learning Standard 2. fin.

ll Words low. ball Learning Standard 2.1. line.2 (e) Y1 .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /l/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) l.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /dʒ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) j Words jail. jug Learning Standard 2. jam.1.2 (f) Y1 .

veil. vase Learning Standard 2.1.2 (f) Y1 .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /v/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) v Words van.

1. wheel Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /w/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) w Words wall.2 (f) Y1 . wet.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ks/ /gz/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) x Words box.2 (f) Y1 . exit. Learning Standard 2. fox.1.

you.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /j/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) y Words yellow. Learning Standard 2.1.2 (g) Y1 .

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /z/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) z. zip. zz Words zoo.1. zebra Learning Standard 2.2 (g) Y1 .

queue Learning Standard 2.1.2 (g) Y1 .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /kw/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) qu Words queen. quick.

cherry.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /tʃ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ch Words chip.1. cheek Learning Standard 2.2 (h) -Y1 .

1.2 (h)-Y1 . shoes.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ʃ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) sh Words ship. flash Learning Standard 2.

think Learning Standard 2. the.2 (h)-Y1 .1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /θ/ /ð/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) th Words thin.

thing. bring Learning Standard 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ŋ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ng Words wing.1.2 (h)-Y1 .

Say er… .1 Cross your arms on your chest and lift your shoulders.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ə/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) a Words ago Learning Standard 2.

Year 2 .

Words with long monophthong /a:/ ar car ea heart bark card .

Words with long monophthong /ɜ:/ ir girl ur turn er her skirt sir purse hurt herd concern .

Words with long monophthong /i:/ ee sheep ea sea e-e these bee peel meat read piece niece .

Words with long monophthong /u:/ ue blue oo food u-e flute rude use glue true boots moon .

Words with long monophthong /ɔ:/ or fork aw draw au auto horse corn prawn paw daughter audit .

in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another.Diphthongs A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable. /eɪ/ /әʊ/ /ɔɪ/ /eә/ /aɪ/ /ʊә/ /aʊ/ /ɪә/ .

Words with diphthong /eɪ/ ai brain faint day ay stay chain pail pay today drain tail play say .

Words with diphthong /ɔɪ/ oi oil noise oy boy toy coil voice joy enjoy soil choice .

Words with diphthong /aɪ/ ie pie lie tie igh high tight sigh t i-e hide tide line .

Words with diphthong /aʊ/ ou house flour owl ow clown mouse shout brown town loud .

Words with diphthong /әʊ/ oa boat ow elbow oe goes o-e bone float pillow toe rope foam snow mangoes joke .

Words with diphthong /eә/ air chair hair pair .

Words with diphthong /ʊә/ ure sure pure cure .

Words with diphthong /ɪә/ ear hear dear fear .

paint Learning Standard 2.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /eɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ai Words tail.1 (a) Hands on the waist and say “ei” as if in anger. .

1.1 (a) Show your teeth and say “ee…”.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /i:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ee Words sheep Learning Standard 2. .

1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /aɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) igh Words high Learning Standard 2. .1 (a) Place palm on the chest and say “l‟.

1 (a) Palms up.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /əʊ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oa Words boat Learning Standard 2. .1. shake your body and say “au”.

1 (a) Place hands above head.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) / ʊ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oo Words cook Learning Standard 2.1. tap once and say “u…”. .

1 (a) Place hands above head. . shake your head and say “u…”.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /u:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oo Words pool Learning Standard 2.1.

BLENDING tail .

BLENDING sheep .

BLENDING high .

BLENDING coat .

BLENDING book .

1. .1 (b) Open your mouth wide and say “aa”.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /a:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ar Words car Learning Standard 2.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɔ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) or Words fork Learning Standard 2.1 (b) Draw a big circle (anticlockwise in the air and say “or”.1. .

1 (b) Put your finger on the temple and say “er” .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɜ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ur Words burn Learning Standard 2.1.

1.1 (a) 2. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /əʊ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oa ow Words boat elbow Learning Standard 2.1 (b) Palms up. shake your body and say “au”.1.

1 (b) Hop like a kangaroo and say “oi”. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɔI/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oi Words coin Learning Standard 2.1.

BLENDING star .

BLENDING fork .

BLENDING church .

BLENDING elbow .

BLENDING coin .

ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow oi .

1. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ә/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ear Words hear Learning Standard 2.1 (c) Fan your hand in front of your nose and say “eear”.

1 (c) Hold your jaw and say “air”.1. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /eə/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) air Words chair Learning Standard 2.

1.1 (c) Form a „u‟ with both hands. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ʊə/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ure Words sure Learning Standard 2. spread them like a flower blooming and say “uwer”.

1 (c) Put your finger on the temple and say “er” .1 (b 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɜ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ur er Words burn herd Learning Standard 2.1.1.

BLENDING near .

BLENDING fair .

BLENDING sure .

BLENDING stern .

1. .1 (d) Hands on the waist and say “ei” as if in anger.1 (a) 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /eɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ai ay Words paint. tail pay Learning Standard 2.1.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /aʊ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ow ou Words cow round Learning Standard 2. .1 (d) 2.1.1.1 (d) Pinch yourself and say “aw”.

1 (a) 2.1 (d) Place palm on the chest and say “l‟. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /aɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) igh ie Words high tie Learning Standard 2.1.1.

1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /i:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ee ea Words sheep tea Learning Standard 2.1 (d) Show your teeth and say “ee…”.1.1 (a) 2. .

BLENDING may .

BLENDING house .

BLENDING

pie

BLENDING

sea

ea air ure er

ay ou ie ea

44 Sounds
Phoneme (Sound) /ɔI/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oi oy Words coin boy Learning Standard 2.1.1 (b) 2.1.1 (e)

Hop like a kangaroo and say “oi”.

1 (b 2.1 (e) Put your finger on the temple and say “er” .1.1 (c) 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɜ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ur er ir Words burn certain sir Learning Standard 2.1.1.

shake your head and say “u…”.1. .1 (e) Place hands above head.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) / ʊ/ /u:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oo ue Words pool blue Learning Standard 2.1.1 (a) 2.

1 (b) 2.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɔ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) or aw Words fork draw Learning Standard 2.1.1 (e) Draw a big circle (anticlockwise in the air and say “or”. .

BLENDING toy .

BLENDING sir .

BLENDING blue .

BLENDING draw .

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /w/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) wh Words wheel Learning Standard 2. .1 (f) Join two peace signs and say “w”.1.

.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /f/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ph Words photo Learning Standard 2.1.1 (f) Action of bird flying and say “f”.

1. .44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ju:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ew Words few Learning Standard 2.1 (f) Point to your friend and say “you”.

barn Learning Standard 2.1. heart.1.1 (b) 2.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /a:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ar. ear Words car.1 (c) Open your mouth wide and say “aa”. .

shake your body and say “au”.1.1 (b) 2. .1.1 (f) Palms up.1 (a) 2.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /əʊ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oa ow oe Words boat elbow toe Learning Standard 2.

1 (f) Draw a big circle (anticlockwise in the air and say “or”.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /ɔ:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) or aw au Words fork draw auto Learning Standard 2.1.1 (b) 2.1 (e) 2.1. .1.

BLENDING wheel .

BLENDING photo .

BLENDING

new

BLENDING

toe

BLENDING

author

oy ir ue aw wh ph ew oe au .

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /eɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) a-e Words cake. . gate Learning Standard 2.1 (g) Hands on the waist and say “ei” as if in anger.1.

1 (g) Show your teeth and say “ee”. .1.1 (a) 2.1.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /i:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) ee ea e-e Words sheep tea piece Learning Standard 2.1 (d) 2.1.

44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /aɪ/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) igh ie i-e Words high tie ride. prize Learning Standard 2.1. .1.1 (a) 2.1 (d) 2.1 (g) Place palm on the chest and say “l‟.1.

1 (b) oe o-e toe stone 2.1.1. shake your body and say “au”. .1.1 (g) Palms up.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) Grapheme (Letter(s)) Words Learning Standard /əʊ/ oa ow boat elbow 2.1 (a) 2.1 (f) 2.1.

1 (e) 2. shake your head and say “u…”.44 Sounds Phoneme (Sound) /u:/ Grapheme (Letter(s)) oo ue u-e Words pool blue rude Learning Standard 2. .1.1 (g) Place hands above head.1.1 (a) 2.1.

BLENDING cake .

BLENDING cheese .

BLENDING prize .

BLENDING rope .

BLENDING cube .

a-e e-e i-e o-e u-e .

SEGMENTING .

Decodable Words : Phonetically decodable words should be taught according to the principle of saying sounds in a word in the order in which they occur. .

.Not Decodable Words : Some words are not decodable using the grapheme-phoneme correspondence. They are also called tricky words.

Tricky Words : the to I no go into you they all are my her he she we me be was .

Tricky Words : said have like so do some come were there little one when out what oh their people Mr Mrs looked called asked could .

Cards: /aɪ/ .ao. ow. shout it out! (tune: if you happy and you know it…) 2. Then tell me what you've heard.2 Group sound the letter. oe .ie. oy /ɔI/ . If you think you know this sound. shout it out! (eg: ai 2 x) If you think you know this sound. shout it out! If you think you know this sound.1 Leader holds up letter card (diphthong).Activity 1 (sound(s)) 1. i-e /ɔI/ .1 Get a group to hold the card and sing : If you think you know this sound.oi . 2. igh. 1.2 The class will shout out the sound on the cards.

Activity 2 – Diphthong (Blending) 1. In groups of 5. Letter cards: Consonant cards Eg: Diphthong cards t oy t + oy = toy . do the blending activity 2.

Activity 3 – Diphthong (Segmenting) 1. Word cards: Eg: boy toy joy . In groups of 5. segment the words given 2.

uk/english/englishA1d.co. pick a diphthong from the standard document 2. Come up with an activity to teach the sound Web site for the activity http://www.primaryresources. In groups of 5.htm .Activity 4 – Classroom activity 1.

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