By S. VIJAYAKUMAR M. K. SANIL M. NISHA T. M.

SHABIN ALI

 storage  transportation  transfer  processing  treatment  disposal of waste Eg) Rubbish.WASTE  An unusable / unwanted WASTE MANAGEMENT  Collection  source separation substance or material.  Rejected as worthless. trash. garbage or junk .

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AIM OF WASTE MANAGEMENT @ To extract maximum practical benefits. @ Reduce negative impacts .on environment & society. @ To generate minimum amount of waste. .

manure. food waste.TYPES OF WASTES DEGRADABLE WASTES • From plant or animal sources • Broken down by other living organisms. paper waste and biodegradable plastics. metal and glass. • Also include human waste. • Also include dangerous chemicals. NON DEGRADABLE WASTES • Cannot be broken down by other living organisms. . • Eg) municipal waste – green waste. • Not capable of degradation or decomposition. sewage. • Eg) plastics. toxins as are plastic grocery bags.

wood and coke. meat *Commercial wastes *Ashes . plastic.Eg) paper.Eg)dung of animals . glass. ceramics.SOURCES OF WASTES *Domestic wastes remnants .Eg) coal.rejected feed .Eg) printer paper. . vegetable wastes .Open burning of wastes also generates ashes *Animal Wastes .

concrete.digging activities Eg) telephone. electricity.left on . cement.Eg) expired drugs.*Biomedical Wastes . roofing materials . bricks. surgical dressings *Construction Wastes .removed from sewerage . plastic syringes. drainage factory would dump textiles of various kinds the roadside *Industrial Solid Wastes -Eg) garment *Sewer .Eg) metal rods.

Change in the genetic structure of individuals *E . mobile phones.potentially dangerous .g.product of a nuclear fission . television sets & refrigerator *Nuclear waste .) Secondary computers.*Hazardous wastes .react explosively with air or water .electronics disposed -E.Waste . electronics.containing radioactive material .

Effects of waste If not managed  Affects our health  Affects our socio-economic conditions  Affects our coastal and marine environment  Affects our climate  Rise in global temperatures ‘  Rise in sea levels .

Disposal Methods a) Land fills Convenient Inexpensive Destruction of food sources Desalination Recycling methods a) Biological reprocessing b) Energy recovery i)Pyrolysis ii)Gasification Key to providing a livable environment for the future  Incineration Requires minimum land Can be operated in any weather Expensive to build and operate Continuous maintenance Expensive Some wastes cannot be recycled Technological push needed .Methods of Waste Mgmt.

vermin  requires proper planning. waste. and operation .smell. design. mixture of bio-degradable and non bio-degradable  Some wastes cannot be recycled  Unsightly .Practical Issues  Lack of awareness  Unplanned growth and development of cities  Land availabilty  Un sorted waste.

food scraps  convert starch or sugary agricultural feed stock into a methane rich gas mixture  three stages. acid-genesis and methane formation  Process is very slow  Installing is expensive. namely. .Bio-Methanation Process  Materials that are organic in nature. such as plant material. hydrolysis.

. Separation of materials should be done at source Encourage eople to reuse materials rather than purchase new ones. use biodegradable materials maintenance of cleanliness in yards and streets At Source Treatment.Suggestions      Improve product design to use less materials.

Biomedical waste. Cochin  Type ofWaste : Industrial effluent Sludge. Residue. Sale of Power generated.  Power Generation : 1 Mega Watt per hour. Carbon Credits  Collection Mechanism :Through specially designed enclosed refuse trucks meeting international norms  Waste Stream Analysis : School of Environmental Studies. Wood waste.  SolidWaste generated from Plant: Recovered sterilized metals for recycle. Inert Ash  Revenue Stream : Tipping fee. CUSAT . e-waste.food waste. Vitrified glass.Case Study  Name of Project : CochinWaste 2 Energy Pvt Ltd  Type of Process : BESI W2E Gasification Technology  Capacity : 35 tons/day  Land Area : 1 Acre  Location : Willington Island.

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