JOURNEY INTO THE EUKARYOTIC CELL BY GEORGE NWOSISI

Let’s talk about four organelles within the eukaryotic Cell. The first thing we see is the cell membrane, which supports and protects the cell. The cell Membrane contains protein and it acts a bit like a firewall on your computer; it controls what goes in and what comes out. Once through the membrane, we can see all the organs of the Cell; the organelles. Ribosomes are composed of protein and ribonucleic acid - also known as RNA. Ribosomes play the role of arranging amino acids in the correct order to form a particular protein – a process known as translation. Mitochondria are the power station of the cell and generate triphosphate, also known as ATP. The mitochondria break down sugar to release energy and use the energy to perform the specific work necessary for the cell, which includes signalling, control of the cell cycle, cellular differentiation, and cell growth and death. The nuclear membrane surrounds the nucleus. Just like the cell membrane, the nuclear membrane controls the movement of materials passing in and out of the nucleus. The nucleus is the control centre of the cell and contains deoxyribonucleic acid - or DNA which is needed to create the other elements of the cell. The nucleus powers the growth and reproduction of the cell.

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