You are on page 1of 6

# Problems 10.25 to 10.

34 have been solved using MS-EXCEL 2000
We give the resulting spreadsheets.
Problem 10.25
a) BUBL P

T=-60 F (-51.11 C)

Component
methane
ethylene
ethane

xi
0.100
0.500
0.400

b) DEW P

T=-60 F (-51.11 C)

Component
methane
ethylene
ethane

yi
0.500
0.250
0.250

c) BUBL T

P=250 psia (17.24 bar)

Component
methane
ethylene
ethane

T=-50 F
T=-60 F
T=-57 F (-49.44 C)
xi
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
0.120 4.900
0.588
4.600
0.552
4.700
0.564
0.400 0.680
0.272
0.570
0.228
0.615
0.246
0.480 0.450
0.216
0.380
0.182
0.405
0.194
SUM = 1.076
SUM = 0.962
SUM = 1.004 close enough

d) DEW T

P=250 psia (17.24 bar)

Component
methane
ethylene
ethane

yi
0.430
0.360
0.210

P=200 psia
P=250 psia
P=215 psia (14.824 bar) ANSWER
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
Ki
yi=Ki*xi
5.600
0.560
4.600
0.460
5.150
0.515
0.700
0.350
0.575
0.288
0.650
0.325
0.445
0.178
0.380
0.152
0.420
0.168
SUM = 1.088
SUM = 0.900
SUM = 1.008 close enough

P=190 psia
P=200 psia (13.79 bar)
Ki
xi=yi/Ki
Ki
xi=yi/Ki
5.900
0.085
5.600
0.089
0.730
0.342
0.700
0.357
0.460
0.543
0.445
0.562
SUM = 0.971
SUM = 1.008
close enough

T=-40 F
T = -50 F
T = -45 F (-27.33 C)
Ki
xi=yi/Ki
Ki
xi=yi/Ki
Ki
xi=yi/Ki
5.200
0.083
4.900
0.088
5.050
0.085
0.800
0.450
0.680
0.529
0.740
0.486
0.520
0.404
0.450
0.467
0.485
0.433
SUM = 0.937
SUM = 1.084
SUM = 1.005 close enough

327

620 0.013 close enough 328 .124 2.169 2.180 0.190 0.560 0.27 0.585 0.050 SUM = 1.700 0.48 T=220 F T=150 F T=145 F (62.800 0.130 0.010 close enough P=15 bar (217.516 bar) ANSWER Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi 2.760 0.760 0.500 SUM = 1.071 0.195 0.720 0.475 0.097 6.010 close enough P=15 bar (217.25 0.534 SUM = 0.481 SUM = 0.518 2.30 0.12 P=80 psia P=50 psia P=52 psia (3.410 1.325 1.122 2.045 SUM = 1.111 1.077 0.700 0.40 P=200 psia P=50 psia P=80 psia (5.255 0.475 0.950 0.13 T=150 F Ki xi=yi/Ki 3.082 0.780 0.532 3.12 1.25 0.495 0.13 0.268 0.111 1.720 0.600 0.740 0.560 0.950 0.27 0.970 SUM = 1.073 1.274 0.78 C) ANSWER Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi 5.234 0.006 close enough T=60 C (140 F) yi 0.15 0.760 0.000 0.500 0.475 0.780 0.028 0.716 SUM = 1.120 SUM = 1.800 0.208 0.114 3.192 0.525 0.986 T=145 F T=148 F (64.30 0.Problem 10.42 0.26 a) BUBL P Component ethane propane isobutane isopentane b) DEW P Component ethane propane isobutane isopentane c) BUBL T Component ethane propane isobutane isopentane d) DEW T Component ethane propane isobutane isopentane T=60 C (140 F) xi 0.615 SUM = 1.680 4.200 0.48 0.10 0.050 0.475 0.015 0.800 0.048 SUM = 0.14 0.25 0.295 0.406 SUM = 1.350 0.205 0.25 0.800 0.205 0.800 0.197 0.197 0.000 0.197 0.430 SUM = 1.44 C) ANSWER Ki xi=yi/Ki Ki xi=yi/Ki 3.520 0.050 0.749 3.203 1.56 psia) yi 0.202 6.168 0.20 0.125 0.57 0.15 0.585 bar) ANSWER Ki xi=yi/Ki Ki xi=yi/Ki Ki xi=yi/Ki 4.525 0.475 0.071 6.56 psia) xi 0.198 1.369 0.203 0.26 0.192 1.12 0.500 0.

187 0.191 0.27 FLASH Component methane ethane propane n-butane T=80 F (14.960 0.616 SUM = 1.437 0.145 ANSWER xi=yi/Ki 0.45 0.575 2.5 0.412 0.150 0.9000 SUM = 1.00 atm (29.81 C) zi 0.152 SUM = 1.633 0.052 0.6 0.73 ANSWER xi=yi/Ki 0.354 SUM = 1.51 0.50 0.10 0.30 V= 0.49 0.83 bar) ANSWER Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi 2.058 0.347 Problem 10.0005 Close enough Now calculate liquid fraction from mole balances ANSWER z1= x1= y1= L= 0.001 Problem 10.000 329 .3375 0.430 0.275 0.266 Ki yi 2.000 0.075 0.675 2.855 Ki yi 10.28 First calculate equilibrium composition T=95 C (203 F) Component n-butane n-hexane xi 0.000 Fraction condensed L= 0.75 P=80 psia P=65 psia P=69 psia (4.3825 0.000 P=250 psia (17.25 0.20 0.39 psia) T = 200 F (93.21 0.Problem 10.45 0.29 FLASH Component n-pentane n-hexane n-heptane P = 2.108 0.633 0.129 SUM = 1.7 0.25 0.25 0.680 0.20 V= 0.455 0.5625 2.25 0.24 bar) Fraction condensed L= 0.3 C) zi 0.0575 SUM = 1.3675 SUM = 0.

012 ANSWER P=120 psia (8.01 0.035 0.060 0.000 Problem 10.40 P=100 psia xi=yi/Ki Ki yi 0.Problem 10.400 0.11 C) zi 0.032 2.660 0.023 SUM = 1.810 0.000 0.274 bar) xi=yi/Ki Ki yi xi=yi/Ki 0.107 0.900 0.80 P=40 psia xi=yi/Ki Ki yi 0.457 0.485 1.071 ANSWER P=44 psia (3.246 1.921 SUM = 1.999 1.610 0.001 Fraction condensed L= 0.047 0.004 8.227 1.30 FLASH Component ethane propane n-butane T=40 C (104 F) V= 0.419 0.034 bar) xi=yi/Ki Ki yi xi=yi/Ki 0.041 4.036 2.004 9.982 SUM = 1.367 0.472 0.400 0.900 0.101 0.31 FLASH Component ethane propane i-butane n-butane T=70 F (21.20 P=50 psia Ki yi 7.002 1.925 0.50 0.691 0.60 P=110 psia zi Ki yi 0.44 V= 0.219 0.150 0.525 0.037 0.373 0.558 0.907 330 .312 SUM = 0.039 3.053 Fraction condensed L= 0.400 0.740 0.343 0.432 0.524 0.05 0.220 0.413 0.700 0.004 0.470 0.255 0.398 SUM = 1.370 1.300 0.034 0.620 0.50 0.653 0.464 0.660 0.223 0.500 0.508 1.700 0.15 5.045 4.982 SUM = 0.494 0.540 0.699 0.35 1.094 0.

373 0.30 zi 0.079 L= 0.6850 xi=yi/Ki 0.092 0.073 0.364 SUM = 0.616 bar) V= 0.031 SUM = 1.085 0.074 0.020 0.200 0.135 0.30 0.10 0.802 0.30 zi 0.10 0.376 0.30 0.230 0.30 Target: y1=0.906 0.2535 L= 0.794 1.125 0.420 0.200 0.820 0.070 0.30 0.360 0.10 0.000 SUM = 1.352 0.900 0.900 0.395 SUM = 1.8 P=300 psia V= 0.32 FLASH Component methane ethane propane n-butane Component methane ethane propane n-butane Component methane ethane propane n-butane T=-15 C (5 F) zi 0.162 0.129 0.960 P=270 psia (18.0495 0.7465 ANSWER Ki yi xi=yi/Ki 6.103 0.103 0.Problem 10.30 0.088 0.8145 xi=yi/Ki 0.000 331 .017 SUM = 1.1855 Ki yi 5.30 0.086 L= 0.30 0.3150 Ki yi 10.424 SUM = 0.982 P=150 psia V= 0.086 0.047 0.600 0.

245 0.350 0.772 0.768 0.038 332 ANSWER P=325 psia (7.871 0.116 SUM = 1.50 Component n-butane n-pentane L= 0.905 T=60 F (15.253 1.40 P=350 psia zi Ki yi 0.995 close enough Using calculated vapor composition from top tray.786 0.948 0.013 SUM = 0.220 SUM = 1.575 0.350 0.550 0.775 0.007 ANSWER xi=yi/Ki 0.400 0.000 0.450 0.360 0.60 Component methane n-butane L= 0.788 1.085 xi=yi/Ki 0.56 C) ANSWER Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi Ki yi=Ki*xi 1.217 SUM = 0.180 0.33 First calculate vapor composition and temperature on top tray BUBL T: P=20 psia Component n-butane n-pentane xi 0.092 0.50 T=70 F T=60 F T=69 F (20.290 0.50 0.575 0.097 11.50 7.22 0.900 0.929 bar) xi=yi/Ki Ki yi xi=yi/Ki 0.675 1.235 0.50 0.855 SUM = 0.983 Problem 10.071 8.440 0.006 close enough .660 0.890 0.224 0.50 T=70 F zi Ki yi 0.225 0.34 FLASH T=40 C (104 F) V= 0.021 SUM = 1.996 1.360 0.914 0.379 bar) V= 0.943 SUM = 0. calculate composition out of condenser FLASH P=20 psia (1.602 0.137 SUM = 1.324 0.450 0.78 1.986 P=250 psia xi=yi/Ki Ki yi 0.924 0.56 C) Ki yi 1.Problem 10.303 0.