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descendants (the Jewish priests). Leviticus 16:3-22 (the third book of the law):
Lev 16:3. Herewith shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering. Lev 16:4. He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with the linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: they are the holy garments; and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and put them on. Lev 16:5. And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two he-goats for a sin-offering, and one ram for a burnt-offering. Lev 16:6. And Aaron shall present the bullock of the sinoffering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself, and for his house. Lev 16:7. And he shall take the two goats, and set them before Jehovah at the door of the tent of meeting. Lev 16:8. And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel. Lev 16:9. And Aaron shall present the goat upon which the lot fell for Jehovah, and offer him for a sin-offering. Lev 16:10. But the goat, on which the lot fell for Azazel, shall be set alive before Jehovah, to make atonement for him, to send him away for Azazel into the wilderness. Lev 16:11. And Aaron shall present the bullock of the sinoffering, which is for himself, and shall make atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin-offering which is for himself: Lev 16:12. and he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before Jehovah, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil: Lev 16:13. and he shall put the incense upon the fire before Jehovah, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy-seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not: Lev 16:14. and he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy-seat on the east; and before the mercy-seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times. Lev 16:15. Then shall he kill the goat of the sin-offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, and before the mercy-seat: Lev 16:16. and he shall make atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleannesses of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, even all their sins: and so shall he do for the tent of meeting, that dwelleth with them in the midst of their uncleannesses. Lev 16:17. And there shall be no man in the tent of meeting when he goeth in to make atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel. Lev 16:18. And he shall go out unto the altar that is before Jehovah, and make atonement for it, and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about. Lev 16:19. And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleannesses of the children of Israel. Lev 16:20. And when he hath made an end of atoning for the holy place, and the tent of meeting, and the altar, he shall present the live goat: Lev 16:21. and Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, even all their sins; and he shall put them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a man that is in readiness into the wilderness: Lev 16:22. and the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a solitary land: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
Take away from this: • The ritual / protocol of sacrifice • The scapegoat, and how sins are laid upon it and banished with it • What the sin offering involved • Understand the meaning of the sacrifice to the ancient Jewish people
The Prophet Isaiah A prophet (8th Century BC) to Israel; called be a prophet by God at a time when great destruction was planned for the sinful nation of Israel. Isaiah 6:1, 6:8-13:
Isa 6:1. In the year that king Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and his train filled the temple. ... Isa 6:8. And I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then I said, Here am I; send me. Isa 6:9. And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Isa 6:10. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and turn again, and be healed. Isa 6:11. Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until cities be waste without inhabitant, and houses without man, and the land become utterly waste, Isa 6:12. and Jehovah have removed men far away, and the forsaken places be many in the midst of the land. Isa 6:13. And if there be yet a tenth in it, it also shall in turn be eaten up: as a terebinth, and as an oak, whose stock remaineth, when they are felled; so the holy seed is the stock thereof.
Take away from this: • Isaiah is commissioned not to save but to oversee the destruction of Israel • The only remainder of Israel will be the holy seed; the kernel of God Moving forwards, Isaiah was given a prophesy about what would happen post destruction; all historical evidence demonstrates that the promised utter destruction did take place. Isaiah 11:1Isa 11:1. And there shall come forth a shoot out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots shall bear fruit. Isa 11:2. And the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah. Isa 11:3. And his delight shall be in the fear of Jehovah; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither decide after the hearing of his ears; Isa 11:4. but with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth; and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. Isa 11:5. And righteousness shall be the girdle of his waist, and faithfulness the girdle of his loins. Isa 11:6. And the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. Isa 11:7. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. Isa 11:8. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder's den. Isa 11:9. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of Jehovah, as the waters cover the sea. Isa 11:10. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the root of Jesse, that standeth for an ensign of the peoples, unto him shall the nations seek; and his resting-place shall be glorious. Isa 11:11. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord will set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, that shall remain, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. Isa 11:12. And he will set up an ensign for the nations, and will assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. Isa 11:13. The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and they that vex Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim. Isa 11:14. And they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines on the west; together shall they despoil the children of the east: they shall put forth their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
Isa 11:15. And Jehovah will utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his scorching wind will he wave his hand over the River, and will smite it into seven streams, and cause men to march over dryshod.
Isa 11:16. And there shall be a highway for the remnant of his people, that shall remain, from Assyria; like as there was for Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
This 'shoot of Jesse' is the 'arm of God' who is going to bring about salvation... later on more specific prophesy is provided, I will only provide a short section of it to give a general idea. Isaiah 42:1-4
Isa 42:1. Behold, my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen, in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the Gentiles. Isa 42:2. He will not cry, nor lift up his voice, nor cause it to be heard in the street. Isa 42:3. A bruised reed will he not break, and a dimly burning wick will he not quench: he will bring forth justice in truth. Isa 42:4. He will not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set justice in the earth; and the isles shall wait for his law.
Isa 53:1. Who hath believed our message? and to whom hath the arm of Jehovah been revealed? Isa 53:2. For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. Isa 53:3. He was despised, and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and as one from whom men hide their face he was despised; and we esteemed him not. Isa 53:4. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. Isa 53:5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. Isa 53:6. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and Jehovah hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. Isa 53:7. He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. Isa 53:8. By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who among them considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due? Isa 53:9. And they made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his death; although he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. Isa 53:10. Yet it pleased Jehovah to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand. Isa 53:11. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by the knowledge of himself shall my righteous servant justify many; and he shall bear their iniquities. Isa 53:12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he poured out his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors: yet he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Points of note: • This shoot of Jesse is not to be splendid like a king of the world • He is to bear the troubles and sins of mankind • Through bearing the troubles and sins he is to heal mankind • The sins are laid upon him to carry [cf scapegoat in Leviticus] • He is to be oppressed, judged and condemned to death • By knowledge of him many people will be saved and he will bear their sins • He is to be counted sinful due to the sins he carries, and being innocent pray for forgiveness Importantly, all this is recorded long before Christ; there is historical evidence to support all of this. In additional the text can be found in the Torah as well as the Bible. Christians believe this root of Jesse to be Christ (which means 'the anointed' rather than being an actual name).
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