Flow of Accounting entries in Oracle Applications By Sivakumar Ganesan

E-Mail:sivakumar3009@gmail.com

Agenda
• Understanding the Accounting Flow in Oracle Applications • Transaction Flow • Modules Covered • Set up required in Oracle Applications • Defaulting Accounts • Posting to General Ledger from Sub-Ledger • Posting in General Ledger • Viewing the Trial Balance

Understanding the flow of Accounting in Oracle Applications Receivables Purchasing Payables Assets SAP Other Legacy Sources Interfaces with GL General Ledger Projects Accounting Engine Cash Mgmt Cost Mgmt .

Transaction Flow • • • • • • • • • • • • • Create Opening Balances in General ledger and Subledger Place Purchase order Receive the Materials into Stores Receive the Supplier Invoice from Supplier Match the Supplier invoice with PO and make Payment Issue Materials to Production Complete the Production Order and Build Inventory Ship the Material to Customer Raise invoice on Customer Receive Cash from Customer Reconcile the Payment and Receipt in Cash Management Post Sub Ledger Transactions into GL Run Trial Balance and Financial Statements (Profit & Loss Account & Balance Sheet .

Modules Covered • • • • • • • • Oracle Purchasing Oracle Payables Oracle Inventory Oracle Manufacturing (WIP Accounting) Oracle Order Management Oracle Receivables Oracle Cash Management Oracle General Ledger .

Machine Rate . Money.Cost Calculation FG/Sub Assembly Total Cost Item Cost Operations Cost Purchased Item/ Sub Assembly Cost Routing Operations Production / Service Departments Rate X Usage Department Resources Usage Men.

Set up Required in Oracle Applications • Each Module has a Parameter screen or Controlling Screen through which the Accounts are Defaulting – Ex (Inventory Organization for Materials in Inventory Module. Financial Options for Payables) • There are other places also where we can define the Accounts and there is an inbuilt hierarchy within the Applications as to where from the Accounts need to be defaulted • Each Module Needs to set the Accounts for an Accounting Event Happening in that Module . Receiving options for Inventory Receipt in Purchasing Module.

Defaulting Accounts in Case of Purchasing .

Defaulting Accounts in Case of Purchasing .

Monthly • You can transfer the data either in – Summary or (Total Transaction for an Account Combination per day) – Detail (Each Transaction) .Posting to General Ledger from Sub-Ledger • Sub-Ledger Accounting Entries are Transferred to General Ledger Interface table through the Concurrent Programs • We can schedule the concurrent Process to Transfer Data to GL instead of manually running the concurrent Programs. • You can run the Process Daily. Weekly.

Posting in General Ledger • This Process Transfers Data from GL Interface Tables to GL Main Tables – (i.e) From GL_JE_INTERFACE table to GL_JE_HEADERS and GL_JE_LINES • Once the Data is Posted No further changes to the Data is permitted .

Accounting Events – Oracle Purchasing • Oracle Purchasing Inventory Accruals Transfer to Sub Inventory Purchase Price Variance Invoice Price Variance (IPV) and Exchange Rate Variance Return to Supplier From Receipt of Materials Inter-organization Transfer .

Accounting Events – Oracle Payables • Invoices  Invoice  Invoice adjustment  Invoice cancellation  Prepayment application  Prepayment un-application • Payments  Payment  Future dated payment maturity  Payment adjustment  Payment cancellation  Payment clearing  Payment un-clearing .

Accounting Events – Manufacturing (WIP) • Oracle Inventory Material Transfer from Stores to WIP WIP Completions and Material Consumption Entry Operations Completion Entry Finished Goods Stock Creation Entry Inter-Org Transfer Sub-Inventory Transfer .

Accounting Events – Order Management • Order Management Cost of Goods Sold Entry in Inventory Module .

Accounting Events – Oracle Receivables • Transactions Invoices Debit Memos Commitments Invoices Against a Deposit Invoice Against guarantee Credit Memos On Account Credit Memo .

Accounting Events – Oracle Receivables • Receipts Unapplied Receipts On account Receipt Applied Receipt Reverse Receipt Charge back Adjustments Miscellaneous Receipts Bills Receivables .

Accounting Event – Cash Management • Oracle Cash Management Cash Receipt Clearing Cash Payment Clearing  Journals Open Interface .

Accounting Event – General Ledger • Oracle General Ledger Journal Entries Created from Sub Ledger Manual Journal Entries created in GL Inter-Company Transfer Entries Translation entries Revaluation Entries .

Flow of Accounting in oracle Applications Case Study .

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